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BIOLOGI
Kertas 2
MEI 2009
2 Jam 30 Minit

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Nama :______________________________________________
Kelas : ______________________________________________

Soalan
1

Markah
Penuh
5

2

5

BIOLOGI
Kertas 2

3

5

Dua jam tiga puluh minit
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4

5

5

6

6

6

1. Tuliskan nama peuh dan kelas anda pada ruang yang disediakan
2. Kertas soalan iniadalah dalam dwibahasa

7

6

3.

8

6

9

6

10

10

11

10

12

10

Jumlah
Kertas 2

70

Jumlah
Kertas 1

50

Jumlah
keseluruhan

120

UNIT PENILAIAN DAN PEPERIKSAAN
SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN SRI AMAN
PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2009
TINGKATAN 4
____________________________________________________________

Markah
Diperoleh

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat pada halaman 2

__________________________________________________________
Kertas ini mengandungi 15 halaman bercetak

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Gred
Keseluruhan

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SECTION A
[60 marks]
Answer all questions

1.

Figure 1 shows a fluid mosaic model of a plasma membrane

Figure 1
Label any two structures J, K, L or M in Figure 2 using the following terms
Cholesterol
Hydrophilic head
Hydrophobic tail
Protein carrier
Protein pore
[1 mark]
Molecule can pass through structure L in Figure 1 by facilitated diffusion
(i) State one characteristics of the molecule that can pass through structure L
___________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(ii) Explain how molecules pass through L
___________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
State one characteristic of the plasma membrane based on the model in Figure1
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
Using the mechanism of movement of a substance across the plasma membrane
through osmosis :
(i) Explain why food is preserved using concentrated sugar solution
______________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
(ii) Sketch a diagram to show the movement of the substance that you have described
(d) (i)
[3 marks]
1
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Diagram 2 shows a plant cell as seen under an electron microscope

Diagram 2
(i) On Diagram 2, label the structures P, Q, R and S
[4 marks]
(ii) State the function of structure :
P : _________________________________________________________
Q : _________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
State the role of R to maintain cell turgidity
______________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
Every somatic cell which contains structure Q has a potential to form a complete new
organism
(i) Name the technique used to produce new plants in large quantities
___________________________________________________________________
[1mark]
(ii) By using one suitable part of the plant, explain the technique in 1 (c) (i)
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
[4 marks]

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Diagram 3 shows the different stages which take place during cell division.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan peringkat berlainan yang berlaku semasa pembahagian sel.

K

L

M

N
DIAGRAM 3.1

Name the cell division shown in Diagram 3.1.
Namakan pembahagian sel yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 1
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
Arrange the stages in Diagram 3.1 according to the correct sequence of events during
cell division.
Susunkan peringkat-peringkat dalam Rajah 3.1 mengikut tertib yang betul semasa
pembahagian sel.
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

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1(

1(b)

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Name the stages labeled K and N
K : _________________________________________________________________
N : _________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
Explain the behaviour of chromosomes during stages K and N
Terangkan perlakuan kromosom semasa peringkat K dan N
K : _________________________________________________________________
N : _________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
Diagram 3.2 shows an experiment carried out on animal cloning by using two
different species of frogs.
Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan satu eksperimen pengklonan haiwan dengan menggunakan
dua spesis katak yang berbeza.

Diagram 3.2
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Based on Diagram 3.2, state the meaning of cloning.
Berdasarkan Rajah3. 2, nyatakan maksud pengklonan
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
Name the type of reproduction shown in Diagram 2.
Give a reason for your answer.
Namakan jenis pembiakan yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 2.
Berikan satu sebab untuk jawapan anda.
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
Describe why a mature liver cell is used in this experiment
Huraikan mengapa sel hati yang matang digunakan dalam eksperimen
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
Based on Diagram 2, name the species of frog that will be produced at the end
of the experiment.
Berdasarkan Rajah 2, namakan spesis katak yang akan dihasilkan di akhir
eksperimen.
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
Explain your answer in (g)
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

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Diagram 1.1 shows a different phases of cell cycle. The phases A consists of 3 phases, X,
Y and Z.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan fasa-fasa berbeza dalam satu kitar sel. Fasa A terdiri daripada 3
fasa, X, Y dan Z.
Phase A

X
Y
phase C

Z
phase B

Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1
(a) (i) Name phase A.
Namakan fasa A.
……………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]
(ii) State what happen in the subphases X, Y and Z.
Nyatakan apa yang berlaku dalam subfasa X, Y dan Z.
Subphase X:………………………………………………………………………………
Subphase Y:………………………………………………………………………………
Subphase Z:………………………………………………………………………………
[3 marks]

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Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2
(b) (i ). Diagram 1.2 shows an animal cell in a certain stage of phase B. In the box provided
below, draw a diagram to show the structure of the cell in the next stage of phase B.
Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan satu sel haiwan dalam satu peringkat tertentu fasa B. Dalam
kotak di bawah, lukis rajah menunjukkan struktur sel itu dalam peringkat berikutnya
bagi fasa B.

[2 marks]
(ii ) Describe the behavior of chromosomes in the diagram that you have drawn.
Huraikan kelakuan kromosom dalam rajah yang anda lukiskan itu.
[2 marks]
(c) Compare phase C of an animal cell and a plant cell.
Bandingkan fasa C bagi satu sel haiwan dan satu sel tumbuhan.
[2 marks]
(d) Cancer is a genetic disease cause by uncontrolled mitosis.
Kanser adalah satu penyakit genetik yang disebabkan oleh mitosis yang tidak terkawal.
(i ) What is the cancer cell?
Apakah sel kanser?
[1 mark]
(ii) Describe how cancer cell is formed.
Huraikan bagaimana sel kanser terbentuk.
[2 marks]
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Diagram 5 shows a nucleotide from a DNA molecule

Diagram 5.1
Name the structure P and Q
P : _________________________________________________________
Q : _________________________________________________________
R : _________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
State three importance of nucleic acids in cell
1. ______________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
A DNA molecule consists of two nucleotide chains
Complete Diagram 3.2 below to show a DNA molecule
Part of one nucleotide chains has been drawn

Diagram 5.2
[3 marks]
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