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Link for original video- https://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=NqWDf-B-oBU

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China is everywhere in the world today
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its people its products it's food and
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it's cultures around us but many are
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nervous about its rise China has changed
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the world but we know little about how
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it can change from within and I wonder
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is there leaving to feared China this
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before my journey begin
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[Music]
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I can smell the Gunpowder
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I hear them but I can't understand what
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they say there's chaos and then I feel
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like today everything glows in China
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today the Chinese shine they celebrate
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China's rebirth to the world a new
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social and economic revolution has risen
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long live the revolution as the
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government represents the people in
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China the same Kazon who now say I'm I'm
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coming are just like the rush of blood
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not a zero-sum game they had to speed it
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up I can share problems between the two
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that seem to dominate much of the
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rhetoric they need to be on track in
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terms of accepting the rules and
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responsibilities that come with being a
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world power it is a complex relationship
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between the two countries the power over
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us is not restricted by anything China
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has a rich history it's first dynasty
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the Shia dynasty dates back to 2000 BC
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[Music]
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after almost four thousand years
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imperial rule ended in China in 1912 the
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Ching dynasty was overthrown and the
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Republic of China was created a period
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of war followed as military regimes
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ruled one after the other in 1928 the
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Wilmington struggled to establish a
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nationalist government amidst a civil
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war with the Chinese Communist Party
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then in 1949 the Communist Party led by
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Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's
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Republic of China my image of China was
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based on this period of history but then
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I arrived in Beijing to find a bustling
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modern city an absolute clash with what
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I thought I would find soon enough I'm
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invited Peking University by a group of
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young Chinese student names we run at
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the big club here are students with
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different backgrounds for one thing in
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common academic excellence in order to
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be in Peking University you have to be
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the best of the best they are amongst
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the best in a population of 1.3 4
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billion people true competition can only
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be understood in China and amongst its
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remarkable group of young people I asked
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them how is China seen today by the
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outside world
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when the Soviet Union met many remaining
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the west was looking at a tapered Hawk
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situation that when would it be
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the Chinese time anyway that it isn't
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really something that happened in the
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West and many people are waiting as many
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people have realized that china is not
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its own union that china is developing
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in it we look at the view in people 91
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and we look at china is complete they
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are very good going different paths and
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we see that what was your teeth and in
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the
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you may not actually happen in China and
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it was a surprise a lot of people the
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colonies of the Cold War would often
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mean end of communism socialism and then
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coming between China breaking away from
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willing to break away from the top and
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adult different new experiments that no
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one ever had it was well people poaching
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and telephone to come as the economy
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grows because when they are economically
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capable which it will be actually have
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the ability to see for legal aid or
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system for reforming government I don't
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feel that lets me know whenever you
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speak to them is proper China there was
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no delay in the data base communism Wow
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the philosophical hero
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there's I can see the progression to me
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all this when the need of a change
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sometimes we don't even realize and it
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becomes about whether they were always
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on sale other things you think culture
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resolution can unmanned but it be sexy
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of death that is using a tiny people are
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being the country and my reason his
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Facebook and Google the Google in
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citizen and then is the only signal is
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in your mind but you don't see that the
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program that has been made and the fact
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that cultural revolution has already
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been declared disaster by the Chinese
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meditation itself on the in Basel we can
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talk about very sensitive issues amazing
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Microsoft but in a private setting as
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long as you don't talk about in a
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political event you can actually talk
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about it with your professors they talk
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about it on your own
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when month when a Nobel Peace Prize was
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given everyone he went on time there was
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going to change China we knew it was
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sensitive but we were still able to talk
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about the tree and but I once a day that
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might be an exception this might be an
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annotation I to imagine Red China there
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one was Tooting this idea
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from 1949 to 1976 the Chinese lived
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period of political fanaticism at the
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expense of economic growth the gray
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Sparrow campaign was launched as part of
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a public health campaign to eradicate
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the for pests one of these pests was a
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sparrow as the Communist Party claimed
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they robbed people by eating grains each
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the effect of killing news bird was at
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locust populations out of control and
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devastated Chinese crops in 1958 the
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Great Leap Forward prohibited private
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farming it promoted agricultural
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communes local officers were pressured
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to increase grain production many
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reported more than they produced little
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was left for distribution amongst the
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local population at the same time labor
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was diverted to steel production this
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resulted in a famine that killed up to
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30 million people the Cultural
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Revolution showed that nothing was more
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important than communism
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[Music]
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meanwhile the rest of the world was
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evolving you are about to know the
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thrill of being that which has never
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been seen before you're about to enter a
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beautiful exciting wonderful new world
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the world of 19 I want to emphasize from
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the outset that I believe that we have
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far more critical issues in the 1960
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campaign the spread of communist
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influence
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in 1978 Deng Xiaoping spear China in a
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different direction with the open door
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policy its purpose was to modernize
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agriculture industry Science and
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Technology and national defense the open
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door policy
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marked the economic liberalisation of
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China in the South five special economic
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zones were created with tax incentives
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to attract foreign capital and
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businesses the Schengen special economic
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zone was a pioneer in this experiment
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today it's high-tech industry is home to
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China's major manufacturing center and
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China has become the world's second
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largest economy
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I think Communist China given up its
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communist ideals so each other it's just
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a front for for economic development
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since helping is original ideas it
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economic liberalization is a form of
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socialism so this this discourse gives
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us and so but in reality is about
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capitalism and hospital earn money
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China is in many aspects more capitalist
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but many capitalist countries easy but
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it because in more inland areas you
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would still see that a lot of Chinese
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people are living in very poor living
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centers and I think that this is a
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policy that some shopping adopted
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himself which is to allow a southern
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group of population to become wealthy
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while the rest will wait and I guess the
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problem now is how long are they waiting
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wealth distribution is a problem in
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China
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I think that Sonia straight from
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communism long time ago fully embrace
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capitalism despite the economic success
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the party I think it's still very
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vulnerable because of all a series of
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issues primarily lack of democratic
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elections of course censorship it seems
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like a system full of contradictions and
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probably what banks said is very austere
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regarding it like he does emergency
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Carson's white or black as long as he
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cast them out why do you think then that
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the Western people a lot of them have
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communist China idea she first
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oh they just post soft Union on China
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that two totally different and the all
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and the perception China is alpha date
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they just look at Oh 1980s Cultural
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Revolution
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everyone's crazy and colors
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communism is there something we're
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really dangerous to democracy but now
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China has changed a lot
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almost forty years has passed so it's
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still pouring us is pulling us to not
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learn new latest information about
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China's eight dense they are totally
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colors ignorant I think true blue
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communism no longer exist in China no
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there's no company in China
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no
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not at all and most of the time it's
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didn't they they actually look down upon
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it the concept of communism they never
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taken experience they think there's
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something that is imposed on them and
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they are forced to learn this then you
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make them more you know convinced that
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it is not it is not it is not at the
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same pastry you feel like we need to
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freely choose what to learn and there's
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so many people choose to learn community
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some don't make using that it makes make
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the things like a good thing so many
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people want that but once you impose
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something then most people don't like to
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learn without this kind of coercion up
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without a ton of compulsory assets we
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will think that without it nobody were
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going to lose it
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[Music]
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the Chinese Communist Party has been
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empowered for over 60 years there is a
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structured and planned succession of
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leaders every two five-year periods
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political reform requires a consensus of
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many and the vested interests of
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countless in 2013 xi Jinping replaces
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routine Tao as president and secretary
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general of the Politburo Standing
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Committee effectively a seven-member
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inner circle from the party's most
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influential members Xi Jinping will be
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the most powerful man in the world he is
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also approving or the son of one of
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China's revolutionary leaders which is
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the closest thing to China's aristocracy
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I thought she'd Inc being at political
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capital but does he have the will to
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push for political reform I think they
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did smart in the way they promised it
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because after the Cultural Revolution I
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think they lost love it is within the
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eyes of the public and they saw the best
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ways we established that
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andrs publish their power in the
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country was to pursue
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economic strength I think by doing so
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they kind of show people that colonies
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can work for the country and can work
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for them the people economically we
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agree so fast and our confidence have
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been accumulated and people's
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expectation of the political system they
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want they found the improvement of
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bandages in the political system we were
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as fast as the economic economic role as
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the government represented people in
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China actually the same case of of the
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United States when people also in
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challenges know general election but
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they also representative is elected by
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the by from the county from the province
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and those that are delegates all those
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representatives come together to Beijing
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each and every year March this car the
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National People's Congress and they also
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bring People's Voice through the central
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government so it's a sense of the United
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States if you are asking because
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President Obama whether the government
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represents its people then the answer
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will be same I think so in China people
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government can't represent people but it
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can do not represent all people because
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some people will do harm to others or
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also misconception of many foreigners I
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mean I'm trying to have a election law
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okay
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and China has very specific procedures
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how your action should happen and it's
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actually happening according to the law
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we which is not that democratic but it's
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of course an improvement improved
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version of what happened in the fourth
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you know PRC I think democracy and can
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you break everywhere it is working in
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China
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I myself that's not saying multi-party
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system fit China
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let's be practical that we're not we're
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not we does not see the 5 4 year 5 year
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term and general election all over the
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China no we definitely want stability
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and stability sometimes does not mean
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stability in tells you have to sacrifice
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some something but China missus this is
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one done province it is the most
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populated province in china with a
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hundred and four point three million
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people the population that this tiny
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province is larger than the populations
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of Ireland the United Kingdom Denmark
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Norway Sweden Belgium and Finland
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combined the general argument is that
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China is too big to hold elections
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[Music]
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tiny citizens over 18 have the right to
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vote and be voted at the local level but
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independent candidates don't stand a
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chance against the candidates of the
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Communist Party the party advocated
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socialist democracy with Chinese
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characteristics this is a contradiction
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in terms
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do you think the Communist Party
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represents the Chinese people that's a
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question that only Chinese people can
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can answer I think I don't think it I
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don't think it represents it but I don't
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think complete much of the problem as I
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don't feel represented by my my
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government I think democracy Chinese
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characteristics if if you can look at it
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that way is more or less than the
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government represents the people in
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making decisions and choosing the best
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way for this people carry on so there's
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not much understanding there's no much
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concept of election or not much concept
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of having a diverse range of views cuz I
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think it also goes back to the original
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traditional Chinese concept of marry
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Confucianism because what you have is
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summarized philosopher king who knows
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the truth and understand what's best for
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people and I represent these people to
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do to do whatever is he feels is best
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for them I think none of my friends have
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ever been invited to vote you know for
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whatever government or whatever levels
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of government here so that's not that's
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not representative there they don't
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represent us I think the government for
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us is more like like parents the party
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doesn't represent the people the party
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is never represented
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we've been living under totalitarian
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governments for thousands of years so
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for a lot of us this life
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we just have to accept it we never
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thought things could be other weapons
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some people are afraid of democracy they
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think this is democracy is not for China
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yeah
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Chinese people is they we are used to
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avoid out they are used to something
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they are not used to to to to get so
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close it is rubbish China and the youth
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in China also think of that once we need
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you school the democracy is the country
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yeah Oh Chinese bureaucracy
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well special democracy here you see
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democracy in Taiwan which I suspect is
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working but if you live in China you see
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the news it's all about like um I don't
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know whether they call them congressmen
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like the representative they all fight
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each other they punch each other in the
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face it's like it's like theater you
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think oh we want that many people
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question that why Chinese people do not
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do not turn not against for a long time
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I mean against the communist government
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so I mean my coronation is that if you
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read books I mean or with stories of in
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the Chinese history basically Chinese
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Chinese people could eat the image of a
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good government is different from the
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Western one I mean so that's where I
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think when you ask whether China has a
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has a flash of light civilization
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classic western one I think this is an
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example so so in Chinese people might
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mostly whining if a if occult a good
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government means that but government
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that keeps people alive instead of
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better people's life so I mean this kept
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happening in Chinese Chinese history
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Chinese people only turned up against
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the government when their survival is
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endangered so I'll tell you a story to
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illustrate that so a friend of mine when
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he take took a taxi or when they heard
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the news reporting that the Egyptians
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and Tunisians are taking in the
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revolution so the reaction of the taxi
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driver was why are they turning up
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against their government I mean the
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government is not allowing them to die
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is not starving them why are they doing
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so if someone's gonna use use something
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to take advantage to provoke people to
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to fund against the government data
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world cause instability and people in
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China pay very much attention to
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stability and the development in the
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West we are all told that China is a
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place where you are not free yet when I
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first arrived as a newfound sense of
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freedom freedom from fear coming from a
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city where insecurity is a concern
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I felt safe in China
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it was only later when I tried to do
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what was commonplace at home that I
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missed what I had taken for granted I
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would go there and I would uh I'm pretty
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sure that they would not tell me exactly
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what I think maybe because they're
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afraid of the consequences how pretty
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you feel
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absolutely absolutely free I mean but I
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mean if you can say what you want but of
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course for instance if I'm you need a
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meeting about further party members that
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accomplish there are certain things I
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will not say like the same way I would
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not say let's see certain things within
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to the American Congress or in the
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Senate not because but I think I mean
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difference is that if I say in China
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definitely the repercussions are more
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serious because there are certain laws
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that are very loose being interpreted
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and not in my favor and I could be you
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know in prison very easily in the United
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States I can say wherever I want but I
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won't be in prison but the penalty that
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comes will just come in a different way
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for instance United States most probably
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I will have the media lashing out
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against me I would have parties lashing
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out against me in China I'll have the
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police rushing out against me so in that
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sense yes there is a difference you can
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talk about things privately closest most
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of kiss is fine can talk about a lot of
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things with my friends my family and
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fine I think it could do a lot of things
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I feel really free they have a Norma's
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amount of freedom in their day-to-day
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lives you know that's that's China is
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amazing
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authoritarian innovation is this
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tremendous personal social freedom that
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most people in China have now that is
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not the usual way that authoritarian
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countries behave
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and about you know about the freedom of
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the speech about some general three
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concepts that it's very familiar to the
26:15
Western people on have been different
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really different I think a funny way
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look back at what the Chinese government
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is about our freedom
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political life and freedom to freedom
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fit well so compare China before coming
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on both are same politics and they also
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not be economically
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China's they improvised a lot options
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provided proper changes to export tried
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I guess I need to define freedom person
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that you see is which really come here
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to local neighborhoods and we see it is
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not glamorous as famous places the
27:18
locations in Beijing this is pretty
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local I want to say that and not
27:22
revealing something ugly in China this
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is to go home but and this is roads that
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I have control almost every week in
27:30
order to buy something order for or go
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to go to supermarket so whenever I come
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to throw dice I'm asking myself is this
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a place I would want like say for the
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whole life it does replace so there's
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really love I mean I love much I love
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the plays are listening but I'm clicking
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for change I think I can achieve
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something based on Authority and based
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on what I've experienced so freedom for
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me is that I don't have to go through
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this as my own option I don't have to do
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it as a liberal citizen I do not feel
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free I mean my and the main threaten
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comes and the main threat comes from the
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threatening of other people I'm just
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like just like but I mean because I
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don't know I don't know how to say this
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I mean this is very tricky because for
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example if you speak something like are
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like empty set Senate cymatics in the
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states you will also get punished or in
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certain kind of way right I mean whether
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by media or anything like
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and you will be coded addresses of
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office but I don't know but I do not
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feel like that people are respecting my
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legal point of view because I mean that
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would be comparing anti-semitism to
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being against the party right so what do
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you think no no of course I'm not free
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say I for example I won't but there's
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the freedom of speech I it is possible
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for me to say something and and then I
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disappear from the face of verse and
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nobody know what happened to me I mean
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why do you understand that other people
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feel so free here and a lot of people I
29:33
spoken to they tell me yes I'm fine
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okay um I know okay this part might you
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have to call it off because I read
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something okay and then we're doing
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feature of camera no you can keep that
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but I mean it depends on how I develop
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in my later life this media censorship
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in China is brilliant brilliantly done
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censorship can include political and
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social issues like environmental
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degradation this is one of the back
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cushion days in Beijing the press calls
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it fog
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[Music]
30:14
the truth is not always clear in China
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the technology has offered a gateway for
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public discussion the Great Firewall of
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China is physical to cross it blocks
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social networks like Twitter and
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Facebook but Chinese micro blogs or
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Weibo have opened a crack through the
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wall
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what a little girl was run over twice
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and ignored by 18 bystanders Chinese
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medicines blogged about it in outrage
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they questioned the lack of social
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values and worried about where Chinese
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society is headed is micro blogs are
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used by over 200 million people is this
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a stepping stone towards freedom of
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speech in China
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working right about you can write about
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how the government is making progress
31:14
basically basically the kind of report
31:19
that would make people feel good its
31:23
feel-good journalism um don't write
31:28
anything to upset them or piss them off
31:34
you know have you know have kitties
31:39
puppies bunnies
31:44
anything that would make you feel good
31:47
pamper the people and that's okay there
31:51
are a hundred percent censored in a very
31:54
very targeted way right so the the
31:57
Chinese government is by far the most
31:59
advanced sophisticated authoritarian
32:02
government in the history of the world
32:04
when it comes to media control and
32:05
censorship and what they have innovated
32:08
beyond what any other government has
32:10
ever managed is to create an environment
32:13
where in a lot of ways the conversation
32:16
the media appears normal and appears
32:19
free there's there's a million things
32:20
that you can talk about no problem
32:22
social issues are often widely debated
32:24
so if you're the type of person who
32:26
doesn't really care that much about
32:28
politics you might not even notice that
32:30
there's anything weird about your media
32:31
you know it doesn't even come up but
32:34
when it comes to you know criticisms of
32:37
the party or it comes to any sort of
32:40
sensitive topics that embarrass them you
32:44
know those are just surgically removed
32:46
instantly sometimes I felt I feel like
32:50
government he's taking his people as
32:51
idiots okay
32:52
it's like they think it's people don't
32:57
they don't they don't read external
32:59
sources of news or whatever and that's
33:04
just really really really annoying
33:07
because
33:09
we know what is going on there and why
33:11
are still hiding hiding it from us
33:13
people's attention on the Internet
33:16
has a no very positive result
33:19
recently we can see there are many
33:20
injustice happening channel and know the
33:23
justice was defend through the pressure
33:25
of the netizens in China that is
33:28
something that that a lot of Westerners
33:30
find odd is that Chinese people are
33:33
allowed to communicate on these things
33:35
there is a micro vlog in China oh they
33:37
do have something that similar to
33:38
Twitter but I thought China was
33:40
completely censored I thought Chinese
33:41
people weren't allowed to communicate or
33:43
even get together in groups there was a
33:44
case called my father is Li Gong case
33:47
where there was a university student in
33:49
a club a son of privilege driving a
33:52
sports car around his university campus
33:54
and he ran into a girl and killed her
33:57
but what came out and what was spread
33:59
around on the microblogs is that he
34:00
shouted you're bashing legal which means
34:02
my father is legal and I don't do
34:05
anything his father was a local official
34:08
this became huge on the micro blog I was
34:10
it was passed around incredibly quickly
34:12
and it exposed this culture of
34:14
corruption where you can get away with
34:16
things if you're if you know someone if
34:18
your family member is someone but the
34:20
fact this went round on the microblogs
34:22
does show that it's I mean it wasn't it
34:26
wasn't censored maybe that was because
34:27
the government didn't get it get a hold
34:30
on it quickly enough but it was passed
34:32
around and everyone knew about it
34:35
the father ended up having to go on TV
34:37
and apologize for his son ended up
34:40
crying and the son went to jail
34:45
gentlemen want a revolutionary change
34:48
instead of a revolutionary one so but
34:51
that's the problem I mean the
34:53
evolutionary change is not keeping up
34:55
with keeping up with the worsening of
34:58
people / especially of the lower-class
35:03
the start of the Arab Spring Tunisians
35:07
protest against corruption their lack of
35:09
political freedom and high unemployment
35:11
the Western media called it the Jasmine
35:14
Revolution alluding to tenacious
35:16
national flower at the same time
35:18
Jordanians pour into the streets Yemenis
35:21
cry for reforms and similar demands are
35:24
shared in Libya a wave of protests
35:27
sparked in Egypt demanding the
35:29
resignation of Hosny Mubarak who had
35:31
been in power for 30 years they achieve
35:34
this every other country in the world
35:36
the Middle East revolutions of
35:38
front-page news day after day after day
35:40
week after week it was the biggest story
35:42
country after country is falling
35:44
everything's going crazier in Houston
35:46
not in China right in China is buried
35:48
again it's the subtle thing or they
35:51
didn't like censor news about Egypt that
35:54
would be going too far that would be
35:55
over the top and they're not that stupid
35:57
but instead of like having all of this
35:59
all over the front page stories about
36:01
democratic revolutions and images of
36:03
like a million people in a square with
36:05
the armies surrounding it but very
36:07
delicate dish images you just don't want
36:10
to remind tiny people of anything else
36:11
you don't want them to get any ideas you
36:13
know they bury that stuff on page ten
36:15
and turn it from a giant story into a
36:17
little one you would think that the the
36:20
Middle East
36:22
uprising shows the party that that
36:25
people can overthrow government but then
36:28
again I think both the party and the
36:31
people know that China's situation is
36:34
very different in China citizens have
36:38
the constitutional right to apply for
36:39
permission to protest
36:41
the Beijing Public Security Bureau has
36:44
the faculty to grant us permission in
36:46
theory
36:48
[Music]
36:56
in February 2011 overseas Chinese
37:01
dissidents used Twitter to call for a
37:03
Jasmine Revolution in China they were to
37:12
do it shortly before the National
37:14
People's Congress met in Beijing the
37:18
National People's Congress is China's
37:20
Parliament with 3,000 delegates elected
37:22
by China's provinces autonomous regions
37:25
municipalities and the Armed Forces just
37:33
a couple blocks away from where the
37:35
highest authorities in China were
37:36
meeting is one fuging street where
37:38
activists want to make history security
37:45
was increased in the streets there were
37:48
more police than civilians curious
37:52
bystanders wandered about cleaning
37:55
trucks flipped the main pedestrian
37:57
street in order to prevent groups from
37:59
gathering what mainly water for 100
38:03
million was a non-event so there was
38:07
there were call for protest but very few
38:10
people turned up in fact many people
38:13
come to Beijing to complain the
38:16
government right but usually this
38:18
attempt lost access so the common
38:22
response ten people just give up and
38:24
to talk to you what do you make the
38:29
people who don't want the party they
38:32
know they don't want the party but they
38:34
don't know what they do want because
38:37
they haven't lived under a democracy
38:39
they don't know what it is like yeah we
38:43
Center a lot of miseries and there I
38:48
mean some leaders have really sacrificed
38:54
their lives for us and that's honorable
38:57
but a same time you see what's happening
39:00
around you is like authorities are just
39:04
trusted and they don't give a shit about
39:06
sometimes they don't really care about
39:10
people time so how can do
39:14
how could you love them you know well
39:17
while you're hating them it's just uh
39:19
it's just impossible the party wants
39:22
every Chinese person I think we are
39:24
China with the government in China the
39:26
Communist Party is China we're all China
39:27
together so if if some the new york
39:30
times where the negative newspaper in
39:32
the word the negative article are said
39:34
something bad about the government is
39:36
saying something bad about china
39:37
people who won't change for people who
39:41
want to see change people you would
39:44
expect to go and protest didn't go
39:47
because they didn't think it was it was
39:49
going to work fear at the bottom of the
39:55
woman fear and it's also a sense of
40:03
helplessness but so what if we went you
40:09
know
40:12
it probably won't help much they're
40:15
saying that you can't awake a person
40:19
that pretend to sleep they know
40:21
everything about the society the duck
40:23
type so they prefer of pretend to sleep
40:26
yeah
40:31
extracted from school Democrats my lady
40:34
no claim yatta as if I'm going to the
40:37
jail for healthy relationship is really
40:41
asked me if I if I worry about you sugar
40:44
prison yeah how hard for me to go yeah
40:52
III don't know either young Fangio share
40:56
this stuff with me I never knew she
40:58
laughs innocently or nervously at the
41:00
APA going to prison through her blog
41:04
novels questions why the time view is
41:06
afraid of politics
41:09
per explanation is that they defend
41:12
their government as if there were the
41:14
legacy they are about to inherit
41:15
far from being politically correct the
41:18
critical voice strikes a sensitive court
41:21
yet as an icon of generation of the 90s
41:25
she has far more liberties and others
41:28
many in this film have worried their
41:30
opinions might draw unnecessary
41:32
attention to themselves or their
41:34
families the power over us is not
41:38
restricted by anything after month in
41:42
China I made a decision to interview a
41:44
member of the Communist Party I wanted
41:47
to get the other side of the story his
41:51
name was rowdy King the understanding
41:55
China that there's no alternative to the
41:58
Communist Party before the interview I
42:01
was petrified that he would ask me for a
42:03
journalist visa I did not have if he did
42:06
the best case would be the confiscation
42:08
of my work the worst and indefinite stay
42:13
in China 1.3 billion people that don't
42:17
have a voice you think we're not scared
42:20
it was before going into this room that
42:23
I fully understood what risk meant
42:25
whoever is the first one to break any
42:29
rules guess the acts just like walking
42:32
up these stairs
42:33
I then hoped the effort would be worth
42:35
the journey you only have one life why
42:39
risk it
42:41
yes Louie life Adams and rule number 13
42:45
Jessie the honey hi Jeff walk walk so
42:48
what this is jasira
42:50
fuckin shillelagh Yahoo a new leader to
42:54
me a photo in the top wall we suggest
42:58
working with tea so sweet - talent are
43:00
going older even quadruple know what was
43:05
that it far beyond my expectation what I
43:08
learned was that route cheating was not
43:10
just a face at the party but a professor
43:13
a person with his own unique voice but
43:16
what surprised me the most was that I
43:18
was free to ask questions is
43:20
becoming the norm in China or was I
43:22
merely lucky I came to China without
43:26
knowing if I could even do this
43:27
documentary no one really knows where to
43:30
draw the line between what they can say
43:32
and what they better not in light of its
43:36
uncertainty people self-censor I am at a
43:41
crossroads in the story I want to tell
43:43
the story I was told I asked myself if
43:48
there will be safe after everything they
43:49
shared but centering myself would be
43:55
centering those who want to speak and be
43:57
heard this is the generation of the
44:01
one-child policy they push for change in
44:05
their own way and they are the future
44:08
leaders of China the Chinese have had
44:12
many breaks in history and tradition
44:15
they have proven once and again but they
44:17
are flexible and can adapt to the most
44:19
radical changes
44:21
one of the biggest reforms was the
44:23
one-child policy established in 1979 an
44:28
only child represents the pride or shame
44:31
of the family and embodies everything
44:33
that grandparents and even parents could
44:36
never aspire to achieve
44:37
[Music]
44:46
each person in the family plays a role
44:49
in a machine that otherwise runs by
44:51
itself
44:52
currently a couple is composed of two
44:55
people without siblings they may have
44:57
two children of their own still there is
45:01
now a generational gap that separates
45:03
past from present from the first stage
45:06
who I think yeah our all our of our
45:08
other interesting euro homeo to and it
45:12
means royal Judy yeah I know you're
45:17
choosing to the party I think I was
45:21
shocked you know the first time I said
45:24
in in a war it is easier than yolk or
45:27
neutral or yeah I'm shocked
45:30
so the from the first day then I
45:32
observed my man craftsmen at the
45:35
challenge the slogan as a obeying it
45:39
yeah I think I think they they believe
45:42
that and they too as the slogan tells
45:45
them like my mother who has two other
45:49
sisters both of them are party members
45:52
and after I mean they get better jobs
45:55
actually and after the retired I get
45:57
better person and my mum was kind of the
46:02
rebellious when when she was young if
46:04
you didn't join the party so when she
46:07
gets older she sees how you know the
46:13
difference between her life and her
46:15
sister's life so she tell me okay
46:18
you you gotta you gotta join the party
46:20
that's when you get better better
46:24
payment but the other day like my mother
46:29
and I and also one of her sisters we're
46:32
having lunch together and my mother
46:35
talked about me not joined the party
46:37
thing and her sister with like white why
46:42
join the party you know the party is the
46:44
most crusted don't do last three my
46:47
parents generation and me mines that
46:50
totally different
46:51
China has developed so much and in cost
46:54
people do not live in very good
46:56
condition they they'll consider
46:59
something of eating and clothing but we
47:03
now are pursuing a kind of better life
47:05
and people go through Cultural
47:07
Revolution the universal education of
47:09
more ISM are we now receive education
47:13
and acquire knowledge both from Chinese
47:17
traditions and outside world so we can
47:20
get more information and we are more
47:23
open-minded there is a big confusion
47:27
amongst a lot of people about do I like
47:30
do am i slave to the West do I do I love
47:33
the West do I hate my own country so
47:35
that makes a lot of Chinese people
47:36
confused and especially young Chinese
47:39
people who have been raised in a sort of
47:41
more Western influence culture in China
47:43
I feel like when I'm learning this
47:45
language and not only learn the
47:47
characters or the words I'm actually
47:49
learning the whole culture because now I
47:51
can feel that some of my minds are more
47:54
open are different from my fellow clear
47:57
list like the ones who doesn't who don't
47:59
master in with them well I can feel the
48:01
change and I'm few sometimes feeling
48:04
more comfortable about the Western
48:05
values like freedom like democracy
48:10
somehow
48:12
the main difference between my
48:14
generation my parents generation is that
48:16
they had more choices in front of them
48:20
when they decided how they should
48:22
improve their life but the problem so
48:25
for example with my generation with that
48:26
we don't have much to choose I mean I
48:29
mean the situation and the system has
48:32
been already established on people who
48:35
can earn money has earned their money
48:37
and who can gain power has already had
48:40
their power in hand so basically I mean
48:45
if your parents do not have either power
48:49
or or money unless you are tough
48:53
students I mean especially should when I
48:56
say ha students I'm really main top top
48:58
students in China unless you're top
49:00
student you basically are always go on
49:04
to
49:05
we're your parents the long I mean from
49:07
the same social class family system is
49:10
actually a mutual assistance system in
49:14
China because in China in a long history
49:17
there's the absence that the insurance
49:19
system this kind of relationship serves
49:21
as a mechanism of you know providing
49:24
mutual assistance financially mentally
49:26
and from all other aspects so maybe one
49:30
child look like me at support my father
49:33
my mother and then a support maybe my
49:36
grandfather my grandmother I mean that
49:39
is in the both sides I think we older
49:43
generation Dennis generally speaking we
49:47
work very hard young generation I think
49:50
he grew up during the change from the
49:55
grand market in Chile free market so
49:59
they just rush in August 2008 amidst
50:06
rumors of a financial crisis bathing
50:09
hosted the Olympic Games China spent
50:12
forty three billion dollars for a
50:14
two-week sports event double the
50:16
combined cost of the Olympic Games and
50:19
chasms and in Sydney China is anxious to
50:22
regain its status in the world and to be
50:25
recognized as a powerhouse that it is
50:29
the Chinese are trying to understand the
50:32
West better about 300 million Chinese
50:35
are learning English compared to 40
50:39
million people who learn Mandarin every
50:44
dressing whore wants to be perceived as
50:47
good as friendly and not a enemy of all
50:52
of the world we do not want to be
50:55
integrant and I'd say some new
51:00
development that like differs in China
51:03
purple been released on New York Times
51:06
Square I wouldn't say it was a
51:10
particularly successful because there
51:12
was a load of Chinese spaces that no one
51:14
no one really recognized and names that
51:16
no one recognized which in terms of like
51:18
whether or not that successful as a
51:20
software initiative it's probably not
51:21
great because people don't like to see a
51:23
load of places that they don't recognize
51:24
with the words Chinese money underneath
51:26
it and they think who are these guys you
51:28
know what what are they are they going
51:30
to be like oh these guys can be owning
51:32
me soon I don't think you ever have the
51:36
culture over there
51:37
this is a United States okay cause I
51:40
don't think you'll be able to win over a
51:42
lot of information
51:44
another thing has common language and a
51:46
common cultural background allow Lebanon
51:49
Syria China one over so they always see
51:53
China is uncertain dragons en families
51:58
the judges do not understand China and
52:03
so with that there's loss of mission as
52:06
well uncertainty sometimes I feel the
52:09
Westerners are looking at it with a pair
52:13
of glasses and they see the things they
52:15
want to see any glass a lot of things
52:17
they can what do you think about this
52:20
idea the China will be you know the next
52:22
to the power I think she she the
52:26
difference superpowers compared me to
52:30
America or the West that we saw the
52:32
British and the colonial empire
52:36
from they seem to be a more profit
52:40
oriented superpower so long as so long
52:45
as there is room for them to develop
52:47
their economy so long as the Chinese
52:50
people benefits along the economy will
52:52
grow I think they will try and put their
52:54
presence there but they do not have what
52:56
we call an ideological superiority they
52:59
kind of does not seem to be one who
53:01
thinks that socialism is the best policy
53:02
and trying to spread it around the world
53:04
it's not something that isn't even and
53:06
that's compress different as compared to
53:08
lately the West who believed they had a
53:10
white man's burden power comes from
53:16
economic strata nowadays I think when
53:18
you look at America I mean they're going
53:20
to be untouched militarily but there are
53:24
sixteen twenty dollars and death and
53:25
three and four 20th of that is old China
53:28
excuse abuse control numbers where
53:30
America's run where the people realized
53:32
or not
53:35
I think it's impossible for China has
53:38
become to become a superpower in the 22
53:42
21st century so this is a multilateral
53:44
world but not a superpower and it is
53:49
trying to really want to be a superpower
53:51
there's this time to improve in its
53:53
political system in this in all other
53:55
systems so so yeah so superpower is very
53:59
ridiculous I think next superpower okay
54:02
to answer this question you just go to
54:05
the west power of China then you have
54:07
fun
54:07
Oh commonly people just based Beijing
54:11
Shanghai and Hong Kong see very big
54:13
cities in China but if you go to the
54:15
West Park that's totally totally
54:18
different scenario you will see I need
54:21
people to know that stop be like Oh
54:24
China is growing so fast it's not it's
54:28
like just a little plant
54:31
it's little plant and then you put a
54:35
brake on it you put a heavy heavy brake
54:39
on the little bean sprout and somehow
54:42
because this this power of life this
54:45
bean sprout' managed to grow a little
54:48
bit and then the world is like oh my god
54:52
it grew in age but think about how much
54:57
this plant can grow if you take this
54:59
brake off what can be expected for other
55:02
countries if China takes a leading role
55:05
in world politics what I can tell is
55:08
that
55:09
[Music]
55:13
all I can tell is that ie the
55:17
authoritarian government cannot take the
55:20
role as a global leader that from as
55:25
best as you know because simply do not
55:32
know their what response we have for
55:36
good government
55:38
it's like one day at home and you're
55:40
saying that you are country so that
55:42
asbestos in the world and the suppori
55:44
you see another whole country rising and
55:47
so it's natural for them to new fears or
55:51
that kind of feeling so in this way once
55:56
day and and that's that's the point
55:58
where this stuff starts to learn about
56:00
China and so as you start from that
56:02
point I guess you will kind of be biased
56:05
from the starting point we're so used in
56:08
the West to having this culture that is
56:10
like a global passport I mean everyone
56:13
everyone knows about Western culture
56:14
it's the dominant global culture and so
56:17
that causes a lot of insecurities when
56:19
we start thinking about okay well maybe
56:20
maybe we don't have this divine right to
56:23
be the global dominant culture and I
56:27
think that we do not pick the time to
56:28
actually study China and see time map
56:31
through its own eyes we try to judge
56:35
China based on our own ideas and our own
56:38
prejudices and our own fix of concepts
56:42
of what things should be like why is the
56:45
world they don't simply do not know
56:49
China China has to I mean and we are not
56:52
open here I think China should always
56:55
pay today should they humble you know
56:58
but China really has a very long history
57:01
and very complicated and they have a
57:04
culture of their own
57:05
they are trying to interacting with the
57:08
world but many people because Chinese
57:11
just starting to rise from a communist
57:15
system many people still think that we
57:17
still had no system old mentality which
57:21
part of them we have but it's a much
57:24
longer story I mean I mean Communists
57:27
are just like a in a rush of blood it it
57:32
adds very quickly
57:33
it adds up very quickly as we very
57:36
quickly instead the culture the China
57:39
really has stays stays on I think the
57:42
world has a businessmen China is
57:46
aggressive and Emperor country my
57:50
personal Qaida traffic with our very
57:52
peaceful very nicely
57:55
where are you something from the USS the
57:58
blood is quite important and peace is
58:00
quite important so in from Qian Chinese
58:03
philosophy China will rise peaceful life
58:06
and China will not make troubles to
58:08
other country because it will also cause
58:10
instability in China in power song if
58:14
the solar years history China has
58:16
experienced so much worse some people
58:18
now are trying for peace I think I
58:21
mentioned oppa read
58:24
do you Santa come Washington again PFA
58:27
Tama media will do this what I have is a
58:31
lousy offer should tell the
58:35
old-fashioned type of where you look at
58:37
it I buy something in the store and I
58:40
see made in China
58:41
I'm not very happy about that because I
58:44
I think many us what the wall thing
58:48
about China without coming to China
58:55
before I really even they're going to
58:57
play that our market with cheap stuff we
58:59
will drop down the company will go to
59:02
biopsy and the whole country will be a
59:04
crap that's something really extreme is
59:10
what can happen and I asked what do you
59:14
think the West
59:17
[Music]
59:19
I think it's a love him is a love-hate
59:23
relationship I think they love them
59:24
because in my moment of economic crisis
59:27
we see the credit crunch China bought my
59:31
bond
59:31
you know so in a way it is a rescue
59:36
attempt but I think it's also very much
59:39
as I hate relationship as well because
59:41
we get a lot of meat in China goods
59:43
flowing to the United States we get a
59:45
lot of Chinese brain which I think it's
59:47
a Miss opponent hurts the most it's not
59:49
so much the product it's the brain the
59:52
Chinese brain is flowing to the market
59:54
and the threat is I believe overwhelming
59:58
for them but I think the West needs to
60:00
understand that there are certain things
60:01
about them with other access that they
60:04
have the Chinese would say we never
60:07
learn all Portugal is a few hundred
60:09
years to develop and the rule of law is
60:12
one of those huge gifts for the West
60:14
hand-holding and they they should have
60:17
you that paranoid because gone is the
60:20
day gone on a date when we have been
60:21
live in a cold war and we are always in
60:23
a competitive mode it's not a zero-sum
60:25
game they have to see that if I can
60:27
share we change but we changed
60:32
evolutionarily and in a different way
60:35
perhaps and
60:37
um I think I think we should give give
60:41
give China more time and to see what's
60:45
happening know there is history we know
60:47
there is some sort of discrimination we
60:50
know they have different ideas with us
60:52
but we think the most important thing I
60:55
think mostly Chinese be especially
60:57
anything that we have to do we have to
61:00
succeed in something and to prove that
61:03
we are exclude at the port we are doing
61:07
something that is ok and activity and
61:10
some kind of threat to others or we are
61:14
doing something that just like others
61:16
common people we just want to have a
61:19
better what did you accept to the
61:21
interview except the interview I bought
61:24
myself had company like that when Reza
61:28
told me that the lady extra one on
61:30
center want something aside from what we
61:35
can generally see from newspaper media
61:37
both Western and Chinese and I found
61:41
well I do have myself and I want to
61:43
share with the lady I and it may be
61:48
personal it may be political in may be
61:52
something
61:54
maybe some differences but I like to say
61:57
that's how filing and I may not be that
62:01
fully representative but I guess I can
62:06
represent a group here students yes
62:09
thank you
62:12
in the past people who will fail to
62:14
embrace change have been left behind the
62:18
Chinese have had to adapt drastic
62:20
changes in the history corn from a
62:22
feudal system to a communist one before
62:25
leaping to capitalism they have
62:27
struggled to get where they are China is
62:31
on a bullet train towards a destination
62:33
unknown like other countries this giant
62:36
has internal problems to solve it has to
62:39
rescue a hundred and eighty million
62:40
people out of poverty face increasing
62:44
social inequality solve internal ethnic
62:47
divide and as the economy continues
62:50
growing carding might have to respond to
62:53
greater demands for freedom until now
62:57
China's astonishing economic growth has
62:59
overshadowed the cracks in their one
63:02
party political system the West hopes
63:05
that economic development will lead to
63:07
political change but China is unique
63:12
democracy has not come with capitalism
63:15
democracy is no longer a Western concept
63:18
China as a complex system of governance
63:21
the West is still waiting for the
63:24
Chinese Communist Party to fall but the
63:26
party's color has faded in order to
63:28
survive
63:29
communist ideology has walked out on
63:32
China
63:34
it's socialism is played with capitalist
63:37
dreams so do we care China for its
63:41
communist past or for its capitalist
63:44
future and who fears who mission goes
63:49
both ways
63:50
in China a Western model challenges the
63:54
party's grip over the masses whilst the
63:57
West has been taken aback by the
63:58
incredible success story that is China
64:01
forcing Westerners to challenge
64:03
indoctrinated notions of superiority in
64:07
the end we have more to fear from an
64:09
unstable China and from arriving China
64:13
China is ever it's people are diverse
64:17
and it changes at its own pace
64:23
China has opened up the world they
64:26
opened up to me and we share this with
64:28
you understanding each other might just
64:33
be the key to preparing for the future
64:35
and today there is no future without
64:38
China
64:39
[Music]
64:41
we must be China time show us new face
64:44
and we must take the time to know them
64:49
today I feel a truly see China today I
64:54
have hope hope in a nation none of us
64:57
should fear
64:58
[Music]
65:37
Oh
66:00
you