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KINGDOM OF BAHRAIN

PUBLIC COMMISSION FOR THE PROTECTION OF MARINE RESOURCES,


ENVIRONMENT & WILDLIFE
GENERAL DIRECTORATE FOR PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT AND WILDLIFE
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND PLANNING DIRECTORATE
Environmental Assessment Directorate
The purpose of the environmental impact assessment of all new projects as well
as projects, which entail the development, and expansion of existing projects is
the promotion of the drive of the sustainable development and the progress of
its programs, while confirming the commitment to the environmental principles
and avoidance of the negative environmental impacts of projects. The purpose
has never been to handicap or stall the development process since we are all
confident that the environment and development represent the twin faces of
a single coin. Therefore, it makes utter sense to undertake the environmental
the study and analysis of the projects' environmental viability so that projects'
operation may not yield any negative impacts on the natural resources, human health or
habitat. At the same time, it will guarantee a sustainable economic development that meets
the requirements of the existing generation as well as avoidance of attrition of the natural
resources and its conservation and development for the benefit of the future generations.
Based on this premise, we can safely maintain that the evaluation of the environmental
impact, which should be undertaken before licensing grass root projects or expansions
of existing projects aims at identifying the potential negative impacts on the environment
and drawing up appropriate procedures and devices
to prevent or otherwise mitigate the negative impacts.
Decree-Law No. 21 for the year
They will enhance the positive returns of the project
on the environment. Therefore, such environmental 1996 on Environment:
impact assessments are deemed to be an indispensable
The provisions of this law on the
necessity. The General Directorate of the Protection of environment shall apply and enter
Environment and Wildlife is seeking to draw up the into effect with the objective of
bases required to link the environmental considerations protecting the environment from
to the planning and development policy across the sources and causes of pollution
State. It strives to achieve this objective through the and curbing its deterioration
introduction and incorporation of the environmental through the formation of the
management concept as an integral part of the policy required plans and policies for
adopted in the planning, implementation, follow-up and its protection against the harmful
effects secondary to the activities
monitoring of the developmental projects envisioned or
which may result in causing
being executed by the various Government authorities
damage to human health,
or the private sector through the evaluation of the
agricultural products, marine and
environmental benefits of projects. wildlife, other natural resources,
It is the desire of the General Directorate of the the climate, etc:
Protection of Environment and Wildlife to project a
clear and sharp image of the procedures that should Article (1)
be followed on the part of the project proponents
for the purpose of securing environmental permits
for engaging in their prospective activities, that has given birth to the idea of issuing and
publishing this booklet. The purpose is to facilitate the task of the project proponents in
identifying the steps they have to take so that they may obtain the required licences. This
brochure addresses the following aspects:
1- The legal texts and languages imposing on the projects need to perform an environmental
impact assessment study.
2- Evaluation of developmental projects and requirements ofthe Environmental Assessment
and Planning Directorate.
3- Procedures of the environmental impact assessment surveys .

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Assessment Order No. 1 for the year 1998 focuses and lays stress on the need
for performing the environmental assessment for projects, on the environmental
impact evaluation report filed with the General Directorate of the Protection of
Environment and Wildlife for the purpose of securing the environmental licences
required for authorizing the project to operate in the Kingdom of Bahrain as
follows:

Each Ministry or establishment tasked with issuing licences for existing


projects, expansions or renewals shall be required to seek and obtain the approval
of the General Directorate of the Protection of Environment and Wildlife before a
licence is issued to it to ensure the integrity of the project from an environmental
perspective. The licence holder shall be required to comply with the regulations and
conditions set forth by the General Directorate of the Protection of Environment
and Wildlife for the prevention of pollution to the environment and minimization
of its deterioration.

The parties which are required to submit the feasibility studies for their
various projects must incorporate in these studies a detailed description made
by a specialized agency of the precautions and considerations that have been
taken into account on the potential impact of the projects on the environment in
accordance with the standards and criteria set forth by the General Directorate of
the Protection of Environment and Wildlife which mandate the utilization of the
most suitable technologies available for the prevention or otherwise control of
pollution and curbing environmental deterioration.

In accordance with the law, proponents of existing projects shall be required to


file a study in accordance with the standards set forth by the General Directorate
of the Protection of Environment and Wildlife for the pollution caused by such
projects in the environment and the control procedures they are required to
take. The General Directorate may require owners of such projects to utilize the
technologies that would ensure satisfaction of this purpose.

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1- All new projects, to the exclusion of existing houses and residential high
rise buildings in approved planned neighbourhoods, and existing projects
under expansions, will be required to file the duly completed project's or
expansion's environmental impact assessment data form to the Environmental
Assessment and Planning Directorate prior to having their projects licensed
by the licensing authority. A copy of the tentative approval issued by these
agencies.
2- In the light of its review of the data provided in this form, the Environmental
Assessment and Planning Directorate will determine the extent of the need
for filing a report on the environmental impact assessment for these projects
in accordance with the applicable rules and procedures or the need for any
other additional information or studies the Directorate deems important
or necessary for determining the requirement for filing an environmental
assessment report.
3- The abovementioned form and any additional information or surveys may
be submitted directly to the licensing authority for on forwarding to the
Environmental Assessment and Planning Directorate.

4- In all cases, the environmental impact assessment for the projects that are
positively singled out to meet this requirement on account of their own nature
must be filed before licensing, whether the project involves construction
and building, or development, renewal, expansion, modernization or similar
action.

5- The project licence applicants will be required to comply with all requirements
of the Environmental Assessment and Planning Directorate in this regard,
since it is the competent authority with jurisdiction to grant the environmental
licence for all projects, whether related to the construction and establishment
of new projects or to those merely restricted to development, addition or
expansion of existing projects which have already been licensed.

6- The environmental licences will be issued upon finalization of the review of


the study and the Directorate's conclusion of possible licensing of projects.

7- The licensing authorities will refrain from issuing a licence for the project
before the Environmental Assessment and Planning Directorate has verified
compliance with its decision relative to the referenced requirements, conditions
and regulations.

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The investor must check with and call on one of the authorized authorities to obtain a
licence for the project.
Inthe eventthe projecthasa potentialimpacton theenvironment,the licensingauthoritywill requirethe
investorto obtainanenvironmentallicencefor the project.
The investor will be required to obtain from the Environmental Assessment and Planning
Directorate the initial environmental impact assessment data form pertaining to that
particular kind of projects.
The investor will submit the data form, amplified by an application addressed to the licensing
authority and the project-related documents as may be required in the articles of the data
form, to the reception office in the General Directorate of the Protection of Environment and
Wildlife.
The project will be registered against payment of registration fees for 8D8.000.
The project file will be referred to the Environmental Assessment Division of the
Environmental Assessment and Planning Directorate.
The project data will be reviewed by environment specialists while ensuring that the
entire required information and data have been duly satisfied.
A date will be set for a visit by environmental inspectors to the location of the project.
The investor will furnish an undertaking to implement the environmental conditions
required of him if there is any need for such conditions.
In the event the investor delays implementation of the condition or providing any required
information, the investor will be served a message advising him of the suspending of
the project for a period of one month.
In the event the investor fails to check with the Directorate or to implement the required
action, the project will be rejected after the month of suspension.
The following action is the acceptance or otherwise rejection of the project.

In the event of mega projects, which have several aspects, the investor
maybe asked to prepare an environmental impact assessment for the
project and the following will apply:

Inform the investor of the need to have an environmental impact study performed.
Registration of the project (registration fees are 8D2,000.000).
Theinvestorwill selectanenvironmentalconsultancyfirm to performthe environmentalstudy
The investor seeks the approval of the Environmental Affairs for the consultancy firm.
An agreement will be reached with the investor on the contents of the study by means
of a scoping report to be generated by the consultancy firm, identifying the scope of the
required study.
The environmental impact assessment will be submitted to the Environmental
Assessment and Planning Directorate for review by a team of specialists (within 60
working days after receipt of the report).
The Environmental Affairs will identify the Government and private agencies with a
vested interest in the project for consultation.
Licensing or otherwise rejection of the project.

For Enquiries Or checking Please contact Environmental Assesment Section at the Directorate
of Environmental Assessment & Planning Te1.17875141,Fax: 17874615

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The most salient projects that must be subjected to


theenvironmental impact assessment process:
1- The cement industry
2- Pottery and ceramic industry (with a production
capacity of more than 2,000 tons per year).
3- Concrete batching plants (with a production
capacity of more than 2,000 tons per year).
KINGDOM OF BAHRAIN 4- Asphalt production factories.
5- Materials grinding and sorting factories (minerals,
PUBLIC COMMISSION FOR THE PROTECTION OF MARINE RESOURCES, ENVIRONMENT & WilDLIFE
chemicals, raw materials, grains, etc).
GENERAL DIRECTORATE FOR PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT AND WILDLIFE 6- Petroleum refineries.
7- Petrochemical plants.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND PLANNING DIRECTORATE
8- Petroleum products processing and storage plants
and service stations.
What is the environmental impact assessment process?
9- Smelting plants for extraction of metals and irons
It means the study of the project and identification from raw materials or scrap.
of the magnitude of its various impacts on the three 10- Any other process involving the use of fuel
components of the environment, namely water, soil combustion equipment.
and air, including its social, economic, health and other 11- Pesticides and chemicals production plants.
12- Paper production mills.
influences. The study should also define the project's
13- Any process that generates air emissions.
advantages and disadvantages in such a way as to 14- Power generation plants.
allow taking the right decision, whether in the affirmative 15- Water desalination plants.
or the negative, coupled with the identification of the 16- Battery production factories.
necessary preventive procedures, the monitoring and 17- Public facilities and airports.
surveillance programme from the beginning of the 18- Water drainage, treatment and storage facilities
19- Wastes storage, treatment and disposal facilities.
project commissioning pending actual operation.
20- Shipbuilding and repair facilities.
21- Projects that may result in seepage of materials into
What are the projects, which should be candidates for
the soil, water or emissions into the air.
the environmental impact assessment process?
22- Agricultural projects, or projects involving detour
All of the developmental projects identified in Order
of natural water courses, leading to dredging of
No. 1 for the year 1998, which may have an impact on
the soil or land slides or deterioration.
certain and specific ecologies of high environmental,
23- Projects involving animal slaughterhouses and
archaeological, scientific, or aesthetic value. They
meat packing and processing.
include other projects, which involve utilization of 24- Constructions on coastal areas.
natural resources or projects, which have a direct 25- Quarries (rock extractions).
effect on increasing the pollution in the three media of 26- Extractive industries.
the environment or projects with the potential to cause 27- Constructions which are accompanied by dredging
chemical, biological, thermal, radioactive, noise or any of soil or landfills.
other form of pollution, or others having an impact on 28- Waste treatment or disposal facilities.
the public health and that of the workers. 29- Projects which involve utilization of rare resources.
Procedures of the Environmental Impact Assessment:
After securing the tentative approval of one by the ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE
concerned government authorities in charge of the
licensing process, the project will be referred to the From the concerned
Environmental Assessment and Planning Directorate of licensing authority
the General Directorate of Protection of the Environment Registation fees BD,S/

and Wildlife if the project has a potential impact on the


environment. There, the project will pass through three
Through special
phases, namely: screening forms

1- The screening phase:


This is the phase in which the investor gives a brief
presentation on the project. Some projects may be
licensed at this phase if the initial data and studies
conclude that the project entails no environmental
impact.
( Ministerial Order
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.Ill.
I I ~No .-
There are eight forms that have to be duly completed
depending on the type and nature of the project. No. 3 (2000)

EIA should be

2- The scoping phase/ extent of required studies: done tbrougb

This is the phase, which calls for development and cousultiug firm

generation of a report on the extent of studies required


for certain projects. An agreement will be reached with
the investor on the contents of the study in a report to on E I A submission
Consull EIA Consultant
be prepared by an approved consultant and the report BD.2000
and other parties
is to be surrendered to the Directorate. to be Paid

3- The environmental impact assessment phase: Yes

This is the phase in which the investors in mega projects


which have a negative environment impact is required
to develop a study for the assessment of their projects
in accordance with the standards to be prescribed by
the Directorate.
l Yes
.1 Determine authorisation
conditions
Usually, such studies will embody detailed description
made by a specialized consulting office on the Follow with
precautions and considerations taken into account
monitoring
relative to the potential environmental impact of these & inspections
projects and the mandatory preventive measures.