You are on page 1of 46

LNG Terminal Risk Assessment

LNG Shipping Symposium

Jan Tellkamp
OCTOBER 2014

1 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014 SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER


Risks Opportunities

DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014

2
Small Import Terminal

3 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Risk Assessment and Risk Management

Discharge of gas ongoing

use bus-stop on other side


of quai

4 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


small scale LNG in the big picture

Operation Tomorrows infrastructure


Tomorrows
markets

Commissioning

Construction

Design

Feasibility
Todays infrastructure
Tomorrows infrastructure
Strategy development

Import & Marine fuel /


Intermediate Intermediate Bunker /
large scale other
distribution storage Break Bulk
storage markets

5 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Enablers for LNG bunkering to develop in ports

LNG availability, Legal certainty,


for example the Reliable & safe established
nearby presence logistical legislation and
of an import concepts regulatory
terminal framework

Favorable Necessary
investment competences, Public
climate & knowledge & acceptance
taxation regime skills

6 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


More than 50 years of technology development

Classification Onshore
Historical LNG trade contract for Service Spec
mega LNG for LNG
carriers facilities
200
180 Oil supply
160 concerns
Rules for
140 barge
10E9 cubic meter

mounted Spadeadam
120 Moss
LNG plant test facility
100 Spherical
tank Standard
80 Membrane design for offshore
tank concrete
60
developed structures
and tested Kyoto
40 for LNG
20
Oil crises
0
1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010

R
Guidelines
Published and criteria
Research rules for for floating Frist Classification
team on gas LNG FPSO and Classification contract for
LNG carriers terminals contract for FLNG
established FSRU

DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


LNG distribution needs to take a step

8 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Decision support framework for major accident risk management

9 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Source: OGP draft 116901
Risk assessment no rocket science

Risk Risk Risk


Identification Assessment Response Planning

10 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


ISO 31000 Risk management process

Safety
Environment
Business

11 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


RP: Structure for introducing barriers

DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014

12
The RP: overall process description

DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014

13
(some) possible LNG release scenarios

Source of release Scenario Possible causes


General process and cargo Accidental release from Lack of flange tightness
handling equipment and piping
Weld defects
Corrosion
Impact
Supporting structure
damage
Earthquake, floods and other
natural hazards
Accidental release from LNG Ship collision Passing ship adrift
tanks at jetty or on ships Ship pressure relief valve Overpressure
Onshore storage Tank leakage Internal or external leak
in tank bottom or wall
Catastrophic rupture and
leakages
Tank PSV release Tank overfilling
Tank overpressure
Rollover

14 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Risk Identification: example Rollover

Flashing
Evaporation at reduced Overpressure
Evaporation
rate

heavy

Convection Convection
cell cell

light

DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Risk Analysis: example spill scenario

16 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Risk Analysis: example Simplified event tree

17 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Source: OGP draft 116901
Risk Assessment: example FN-curves group risk, societal risk

IMO MSC 83/21/1


Group
24 / 365

Cumulative

18 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Timeline of typical project activities in first phase

Concept Seveso II
Strategy Feasibility Design Construction Commissioning Operation
development process

Filing Seveso application

19 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Risk assessment integrated in overall process

Concept
Strategy Feasibility
development
Supply Bunker
Demand Storage Logistics Bunker
Market outlook volumes & volumes &
estimate frequencies
volumes
frequencies concept modes

Showstopper Feasibility
analysis analysis
Identification of
Legal frame applicable technical Site screening Site concept
standards

Initial HAZID Initial nautical QRA Initial site QRA

Filing Seveso application


Development of initial LNG
bunkering procedures

development of ship concept (LNG Carrier link to (re)export terminal)

development of bunker vessel concept

Management of permit application

Development of organisational / company setup (make) or requirements on


supplier (buy)

Project risk Project management office Project risk


management management

20 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Risk pictures in Port
for / from elements of LNG value chain
Storage

Bunkering
Import

21 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Tools in place

Operation

Commissioning

Construction

Design

Feasibility

Strategy

Import & Marine fuel /


Intermediate Intermediate Bunker /
large scale other
distribution storage Break Bulk
storage markets

22 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Jan.Tellkamp@dnvgl.com
+49 40 36149 0

www.dnvgl.com

SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER

23 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Managing project risks keep schedule and budget on track
Keep
budget

schedule
Stay in
100 %

Degree of freedom to make changes

strategy feasibility design construction Commissioning operation

24 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


State of the art hard arms (Marine Loading Arms)

25 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Loading arm quick connect / disconnect

26 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Loading arm Emergency Release Coupling

27 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Hoses

28 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


the RP suggests how to work with them

29 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Operation & design: 1st layer of defence

Equipment standard, inspection and Transfer stop


testing Trapped LNG
Operational planning Vent mast
Compatibility of the transfer systems Draining/stripping operations
Pre-transfer operations Disconnection of the systems
transfer hoses Quantity and properties of the supplied
Couplings LNG (pressure / temperature)
Emergency Release System, ERS
Loading arms
Inerting/purging operations
Transfer operations

30 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Operation & design: 2nd layer of defence

Ignition prevention
Emergency shut-down system
Prevention against electrostatic and
galvanic ignition
Leakage detection
Cryogenic spill protection
PPE
Fire protection and suppression
Operation inside the safety zone

31 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


SMS: 3rd layer of defence Emergency Managment

Rescuing casualties,
Safeguarding /evacuating others,
Minimising damage to property and the
environment,
Preventing escalation / bringing the
incident under control.

practical and location- and/or situation-


specific emergency procedures and
exercises.

32 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


33 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014
Source: OGP draft 116901
Risk Matrix asset owner

34 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Opportunities in an emerging industry

35 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Supply chain management

2014
Atmospheric -> Pressurized > Pressurized
Atmospheric -> Atmospheric > Pressurized

2016+
Atmospheric -> Pressurized > Atmospheric
Atmospheric -> Atmospheric > Atmospheric

36 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


small scale LNG in the big picture

Operation Tomorrows
markets

Commissioning

Construction

Design

Feasibility
Todays infrastructure
Tomorrows infrastructure
Strategy development

Import & Marine fuel /


Intermediate Intermediate Bunker /
large scale other
distribution storage Break Bulk
storage markets

37 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Netherlands

38 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Source: OGP draft 116901
Japan

BImSchG
BImSchV
KAS 18

39 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Source: OGP draft 116901
Germany

Major accident scenario

BImSchG
BImSchV
KAS 18

40 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Large jetty / small carrier

41 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Typical atmospheric tank design (Mitsubishi)

42 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Further distribution

Cargo capacity: 1.100m3


Propulsion: 2 gas engines + 2 diesel engines

43 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Mid Size Import Terminal

44 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Pressure vessel (here: IMO type C)

45 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014


Ship to Ship, Other to ship

Photo: Carl Gabor Photo: Viking Line

46 DNV GL 2014 OCTOBER 2014