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mimtanis samagido wigni

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Tavi1. stumarTmoyvareoba da mimtani

momsaxurebis sferos sxvadasxva tipis dawesebulebebi


mimtanis roli
movaleobani, momsaxurebis 6 safexuri
momsaxure personalis struqtura
garegnuli iersaxe da higiena
xanZarsawinaaRmdego usafrTxoeba,ubeduri SemTxvevebi,usafrTxoebisa da
kanonis dacva,dacvis samsaxuri.

Tavi2. meniu

menius struqtura
kerZebis gatanis Tanmimdevroba
civi SeWamandi,sousebi da saneleblebi, yveli,
menius tipebi:a la karte,tabldoti,saerTo sadili,dRis meniu,cikluri meniu.

Tavi3. inventari

WurWeli, dana-Cangali, danadgarebi, aqsesuarebi samuSaosTvis saWiro sxva


nivTebi. mizan placi.

Tavi4. momsaxurebis dawyebiswina samzadisi

adgilebis dajavSna
sufris gadafareba alageba da gamocvla
mimtanis samuSao adgilis momzadeba
servirebis nairsaxeobani
sadeserto xelsawyoebi
SuSis WurWeli
xelsaxocebis dakecvis teqnika

Tavi5. stumrebis momsaxureba:riTi daviwyoT?

momsaxurebis Tanmimdevroba
stumrebis daxvedra da ganTavseba
rogor mivarTvad wyali, puri, aperitivi

Tavi6. SekveTis miReba

menius prezentacia da mirTmeva


mimtani rogorc gamyidveli.
SekveTis miRebis teqnika
kontrolis sistema
saserviso langris gamoyeneba

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servirebis koreqtireba

Tavi7. momsaxurebis sxvadasxva stili

TefSiT sevisis ostatoba


TefSebis gadatanis teqnika
samklavuri
ori da sami TefSiT servisi. damatebiTi TefSi.

Tavi8. CamotarebiT anu langriT servisis teqnika

forlegenis floba
ZiriTadi kerZis mimrTmeva

Tavi9. magidis alageba

alagebis procedura

Tavi10. momsaxurebis (servisis) sxva formebi

wvnianis mirTmeva
mobiluri urikiT sargebloba
ojaxuri momsaxureba41
Sveduri magida
bufeti
TviTmomsaxureba

Tavi11. stumris momsaxurebis sxva aspeqtebi

namcecebis aReba
cxeli an civi pirsaxocebis SeTavazeba
saferfleebi da maTi gamocvla

Tavi12. mobiluri urika

misi daniSnuleba
urikis gamoyeneba kerZebis demonstraciisaTvis
kerZebis prezentacia
salaTebi
urikis dakompleqteba mizan placi
flambireba
usafrTxoebis zomebi
filetireba da tranSireba
liqioriani yavis momzadeba mob.urikaze

Tavi13. sasmelebis servisisaTvis aucilebeli aqsesuarebi mizan placi

WurWeli misi aRweriloba


Senaxva da movla
mimtanis samuSao adgilis momzadeba
somelie da RviniT servisi
dekantireba aerireba , aqsesuarebi.
Rvinis karta
sasmelebisa da kerZebis erToblivad gatanis koordinireba
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ramdenime sasargeblo rCeva maTi SerCevisaTvis

Tavi14. mogzauroba alkoholuri da ualkoholo sasmelebis samyaroSi

aperitivebi
Rvino
cqriala Rvino
magari alkoholi
ludi
liqiorebi
koqteilebi da sxv.
Cai , yava , cxeli Sokoladi , wvenebi da mineraluri wyali

Tavi15. sasmelebis mirTmevis teqnika

personalis pasuxismgebloba
arasrulwlovani stumrebi
rogor miviroT sasmelebis SekveTa
maTi mirTmevis ramdenime wesi

Tavi16. sadilis an vaxSamis damasrulebeli procedurebi

angariSis momzadeba
angariSsworebis formebi
Tif anu Cai
damSvidobeba
alageba
Semdegi stumris daxvedra

Tavi17. sastumros servisi

nomrebSi momsaxurebis samzadisi


danadgarebisa da produqtebis Senaxva
SekveTis miReba
urikisa da langrebis momzadeba
stumris oTaxSi Sesvla
nomerSi misi momsaxureba
derefanis alageba
WurWlis senaxva

Tavi18. wveulebis gamarTva

wveulebis nairsaxeobani
wina samzadisi
servireba
banketis momsaxureba
mmomsaxure personalis dakompleqteba
gunduri muSaoba
sasmelebiT servisi.

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Tavi pirveli stumarTmoyvareoba da mimtani

1.1

mimtanebi Sromoben momsaxurebis sferos sxvadasxva saxis dawesebulebebSi, magram


sadac ar unda muSaobdnen isini maTi samuSaos arsi ucvlelia.
personalis saStato raodenoba da maTi adgili ierarqiul kibeze damokidebulia sawarmos
zomasa da funqciaze, magram moTxovnebi mimtanebis profesiuli momzadebisadmi,
miuxedavad maTi raodenobisa StatSi, erTnairia.
momsaxurebis sferos nebismieri saxis dawesebulebebSi-did restoranSic, da patara zomis
kafeSic, mimtanebi TavianTi saqmis kargi mcodneni unda iyvnen.

am TavSi wrmodgenilia:

sarestorno sferos sxvadasxva saxis dawesebulebebi


mimtanis roli
momsaxure personalis struqtura
maRali moTxovnebi garegnobisa da higienisadmi
rogor moviqceT xanZris dros
ubeduri SemTxvevebis dros
usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofa momsaxurebis sferos sawarmoebSi

1.2. momsaxurebis sferos svadasxva tipis dawesebulebebi

momsaxurebis sferoSi muSaoben sxvadasxva xasiaTis, profesionaluri momzadebis donis


da gamocdilebis adamianebi.
stumarTmoyvareoba SeiZleba ganvsazRvroT rogorc stumrebis moTxovnilebebis
dakmayofileba sawarmoTa qselis meSveobiT, sadac muSaobs momsaxure personali an
mimtanebi. aseT sawarmoebs miekuTvneba:

kafeteriebi, romlebic stumrebs sTavazoben yavas, sxvadasxva saxis


SeWamands da xSirad msubuq, kerZebs vaxSmamde. kafeteriaSi stumrebis did
nakadTan gamklavebis mizniT momsaxureba , mimdinareobs swrafad.

bistro/pabebi (TviTmomsaxurebis obieqtebi) Cveulebriv sTavazoben ZiriTad


kerZebs, romelebsac stumrebi TviTon iReben daxlidan, Tumca zogierT bistroebSi
sakvebi moaqvT TviTon mimtanebsac. aseTi obieqtebis mTavari ganmasxvavebeli
Tvisebaa momsaxurebis siswrafe.

patara restornebi (bistro). aseTi restornebis darbazis gaformeba da


atmosfero gaTvlilia SemTxveviTi stumrebis momsaxurebaze. sakvebi moaqvT
mimtanebs. aseT dawesebulebebs yovelTvis ar gaaCniaT licenzia spirtiani sasmelebis
gayidvaze, magram maT ufleba aqvT Tan moitanon isini. momsaxure personals unda
SeeZlos Seqmnas stumrebTan megobruli, uSualo urTierTobis atmosfero da
imavdroulad profesionalurad momzadebuli.

erovnuli an eTnikuri restornebi. am popularul restornebSi sakvebic,


da momsaxurebis stilic unda Seesabamebodes maT dasaxelebas da daniSnulebas.

restornebi, romlebic emsaxurebian miRebebs, banketebs da sxva


xalxmraval RonisZiebebs. am SemTxvevaSi stumrebis raodenoba da RonisZiebis
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stili Zalian Zlierad icvleba, amitom aseTi saxis RonisZiebebi rogorc dResaswaulis
organizatorebisagan, aseve momsaxure personalisagan iTxovs maqsimalur sirbiles.

pirveli klasis restornebi Cveulebriv gamoirCevian saxelwodebis


Sesabamisad komfortuli garemoTi da sTavazoben stumrebs daxvewil samzareulos.
momsaxure personalisgan moiTxoveba ara mxolod brwyinvale ostatoba, aramed Tavisi
saqmis Rrma codnac.

1.3. mimtanis roli

terminiT mimtani mimarTaven orive sqesis warmomadgenels, vinc emsaxureba stumars


sakvebiTa da sasmelebiT.
profesionali mimtanis valdebulebaa Seqmnas uSualo, Tavisufali garemo, sadac TiToeuli
Tavs sasurvel stumrad igrZnobs, amasTanave mimtanis muSaoba ar Semoifargleba mxolod
sakvebisa da sasmelebis miwodebiT.
imisaTvis rom kompetenturad Seasrulos movaleobebi, mimtans unda hqondes mTeli rigi
dadebiTi Tvisebebisa da Tavisi saqmis codna, agreTve sasiamovno garegnoba, gulwrfeloba,
Sromismoyvareoba da punqtualoba. amis garda is yuradRebas unda aqcevdes Tavis
garegnobas da yovelTvis iyos mowesrigebuli.
profesionali mimtani valdebulia icodes magidaze misarTmevad gaTvaliswinebuli kerZebis
momzadebis teqnologia, produqtebi, romlisganac es kerZebi mzaddeba da servirebis wesebi.
kargi mimtanebi unda iyvnen gaTviTcnobierebulni TavianTi restornis organizebasa da
muSaobaSi, da personalis movaleobebSi.

1.4. mimtanis movaleobebi da momsaxurebis 6 safexuri

mimtanis samuSaoSi Sedis:

samuSao adgilis momzadeba da misi SenarCuneba savaldebulo mdgomareobaSi.


stumrebTan da kolegebTan kargi urTierTobis unari.
gauwios daxmareba restornis stumrebs kerZebisa da sasmelebis SerCevaSi,
saTanado, rekomendaciebis gacema.

momsaxurebis 6 safexuri:
1.misalmeba RimiliT

2.SekveTis aReba SeTavazebiT

3.SekveTis gatana TanmimdevrobiT

4.poziciis kontroli SeTavazebiT

5.angariSsworeba gadamowmebiT

6.damSvidobeba kvlav mowveviT

1.5. mosamsaxure personalis struqtura


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momsaxure personalis movaleobebs gansazRvravs xelmZRvaneloba da Cveulebriv
damokidebulia restornis zomebsa da tradiciebze. rogorc wesi maT Semdegi saxiT axarisxeben:

sawarmos xelmZRvaneli

did restornebSi sawarmos xelmZRvaneli Cveulebriv pasuxs agebs kvebis organizaciaze da


asrulebs menejeris funqcias.
is adgens menius (Sef-mzareulTan erTad) imgvarad, rom biznesma moitanos Semosavali,
xelmZRvanelobs aseve produqtebisa da sasmelebis Sesyidvas da akontrolebs mosamsaxure
personalis samsaxurSi miRebasa da swavlebas.
Tu ki sawarmo flobs ramdenime bars an restorans, rogorc magaliTad didi sastumroebi, maSin
yovel restoranSi SeiZleba iyos Tavisi sawarmos xelmZRvaneli. mis movaleobebSi Sedis
restornis personalTan muSaoba da kontroli produqtebisa da sasmelebis Sesyidvaze.
mimtanebis muSaobaze ki pasuxismgebelia an sawarmos xelmZRvaneli an metrdoteli.

metr d oteli

metrdoteli xelmZRvanelobs mimtanebisa da barmenebis srul muSaobas da akontrolebs maT


mier stumrebis momsaxurebis wesebis Sesrulebas, dawyebuli restornis momzadebiT stumrebis
dasaxvedrad, damTavrebuli Senobis dalagebiT samuSao dRis bolos.
patara restornebSi metrdotelis movaleobebSi aseve Sedis magidebis dajavSna, stumrebis
miReba da maTTvis darbazSi adgilis arCevaSi daxmareba. did restornebSi am funqcias asrulebs
e.w. hostesi.

ufrosi mimtani anu brigadiri

zogierT restoranSi mas kidev kapitans uwodeben.


is pasuxismgebelia rigi magidebis momsaxurebaze an calkeul poziciebze (zona), romlebzec
dayofilia darbazi. is Rebulobs SekveTebs da Tavis pozicias emsaxureba, raSic mas exmarebian
nakleb gamocdili da kvalificirebuli mimtanebi/anu staJorebi.. yovel aseT poziciaze Cveulebriv
dgas servirebis karada an mimtanis samuSao magida.

mimtani

Tu magidebis rigs emsaxureba gundi, maSin nakleb kvalificirebuli mimtanebi emorCilebian


wamyvan mimtans. maT movaleobebSi Sedis servireba, sasmelebisa da menaJe-sousebis
mirTmeva, aseve ufrosi kolegebis wvrilmani miTiTebebis Sesruleba. xSirad aseTi tipis
samuSaoSi staJorebs rTaven.

somelie

gaxlavT sastumrosa Tu restoranSi momuSave profesionali Rvinisa da sxva magari alkoholuri


sasmelebis eqsperti.romelic exmareba stumars maT amorCevasa da swored mirTmevaSi.misi
pirveli movaleobaa stumris dakmayofileba da amave dros biznesis mepatronis interesebis
dacva.igi pasuxs agebs Rvinisa da mag.alkohol.sasmelebis Sesyidvasa da maT swored
Senaxvaze.

1.6. garegnoba da higiena.

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momsaxure personalis profesionalizmis erT-erTi umTavresi aspeqtia piradi higiena da
garegnoba. samsaxurSi mimtani valdebulia iyos sufTa da koxta yvela mimarTebaSi,
miuxedavad imisa raSia is Cacmuli , uniformaSi Tu sxva samosSi.
es aris pirveli da yvelaze TvalsaCino maCvenebeli samuSaosadmi profesionaluri
damokidebulebisa.
pirveli vizualuri STabeWdileba restornis personalze, stumrebs eqmnebaT mimtanis
SexedvisTanave. swored pirveli STabeWdileba aris momsaxurebis sferos , sawarmos
komerciuli warmatebis safuZveli.
piradi higienis mkacri dacva da Tavis movla gamoxatavs, rogorc stumrebisadmi dadebiT
damokidebulebas, aseve TiToeul mimtans matebs sakuTar TavSi darwmunebis Zalas.
piradi higienisadmi mkacri moTxovna aucilebelia yvela im muSakisaTvis, visac saqme aqvs
kvebis produqtebTan da sasmelebTan, radgan amazea damokidebuli stumris janmrTeloba.
piradi higienis mkacri dacva mimtanebis mier aseve metad mniSvnelovania, radganac es
stumrebisTvis mosawonia. Tqven ver miiRebT siamovnebas restoranSi vaxSmisagan, Tu Tqven
gemsaxurebaT mimtani cudi suniTa da WuWyiani frCxilebiT.
mimtanebma gansakuTrebuli yuradReba unda dauTmon fexsacmlis SerCevas da gamoimuSaon
swori siarulis manera. Tu adamians stkiva fexebi an zurgi, is ver gauwevs Tavazianobas da
maspinZlobas stumrebs.
mimtanebis varcxniloba unda Seesabamebodes restornis stils. varcxniloba unda iyos moduri,
magram amave dros aucileblad koxta, Tmebi ar unda faravdes saxes. moduri, koxta
varcxniloba matebs adamians TviTrwmenas da amave dros pasuxobs higienis moTxovnebs.
mimtanebs SeuZliaT isargeblon kosmetikuri saSualebebiT, parfiumeriiT, biJuteriiT, magram
yvelaferi unda iyos zomierad da harmoniulad Sexamebuli. araferi zedmeti, myvirala da
Tavsmomxvevi.
miuxedavad imisa, uzrunvelyofs restorani mimtanebs uniformiT Tu ara, Tavad TanamSromeli
agebs pasuxs imaze, rom misi uniforma nebismier dros iyos sufTa da kargad dauToebuli.

SearCevT ra uniformas zomisa da stilis mixedviT, aucileblad darwmundiT, rom is ar zRudavs


moZraobas. is unda iyos Sekerili bunebrivi qsovilisagan da advilad atarebdes haers.

1.7. higienuri moTxovnebi

kanonis Tanaxmad, Tqven piradad agebT pasuxs higienuri wesebis dacvaze., Tu stumari
daSavdeba higienuri normebis darRvevis gamo, Tqven SesaZloa giCivlon

Tvali adevneT imas, rom Tqveni uniforma iyos sufTa da kargad dauToebuli.
atareT moxerxebuli fexsacmeli da sufTad SeinarCuneT igi.
ar dauSvaT sakvebSi Tmis moxvedra. atareT iseTi varcxniloba, romelsac advilad
mouvliT, amasTan Tmebi ar unda faravdnen saxes.
yoveldRiurad miiReT Sxapi da isargebleT sxeulis dezadoriT.
isargebleT sunamoTi da biJuteriiT, Tu ki Tqveni dawesebuleba gaZlevT amis
uflebas.
kargad daibaneT xelebi sapirfareSos Semdeg.
nu eweviT sakvebTan. Tu Tqven eweviT, daibaneT xelebi yoveli mowevis Semdeg.
nu gikaviaT xelebi saxesTan, nu geqnebaT Cveva aifaroT xeliT piri an cxviri.
yoveli Wriloba an nawiburi unda iyos dafaruli, rom ar Seexos sakvebs.

higienuri moTxovnebis dasacavd didi yurageba unda mieqces xelebis dabanis

9 wess:

1) samuSaos dawyebamde,
2) daceminebis an daxvelebis SemTxvevaSi,
3) saxeze an formaze xelis Sexebis SemTxvevaSi,
4) sapirfareSoSi yofnis Semdeg,
5) Wamis an mowevis Semdeg,
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6) fulTan muSaobis Semdeg,
7) samuSao sadguris gamocvlis Semdeg,
8) stumrebTan momsaxureobis Semdeg---manamde,
9) yovel naxevar saaTSi.

mTeli personali, visac saqme aqvs produqtebTan, regularulad unda gadiodes Semowmebas.

1.8. xanZarsawinaaRmdego usafrTxoeba

pirvel rigSi, samsaxurSi mowyobisas, Tqven unda gaecnoT xanZarsawinaaRmdego


usafrTxoebis wesebs personalisa da stumrebisaTvis. aucilebelia, yovelTvis daeqvemdebaro
Sen dawesebulebaSi dadgenil wesebs, magram arsebobs ramdenime universaluri wesi,
romelTa Sesrulebac SesaZlebelia yvelgan.

xanZris aRmoCenis SemTxvevaSi maSinve gangaSi astexeT da garSemomyofebs


acnobeT rom datovon, Senoba.
ar CavardeT panikaSi. evakuacia unda CaataroT mSvidad da wesrigis dacviT.
arasodes ar gariskoT cecxlTan axlos yofna da arc sxvas misceT amis ufleba.
yvela xanZarsawinaaRmdego mowyobiloba unda iyos gamoyenebuli mxolod
instruqcis, Sesabamisad
aucilebelia gamoiyenoT usafrTxoebis da saswrafo daxmarebis yvela zoma.
ar dabrundeT xanZris adgilze mis srul likvidaciamde.
saWiroa saxanZro manqanis gamoZaxeba.

1.9. ubeduri SemTxvevebi (personalTan da stumrebTan)

gaxsovdeT rom Tqven pasuxs agebT yvela saxis ubedur SemTxvevaze, romelic Tqveni
gulgrilobis gamo moxda. kanonmdebloba iTvaliswinebs ubeduri SemTxvevebis profilaqtikas.

arsebobs mTeli rigi sakanonmdeblo muxlebisa, romlebic iTvaliswinebs sawarmoebSi saStato


personalisa da stumrebis sicocxlisa da janmrTelobis dacvas. sawarmos yvela muSaki unda
gaecnos maT da gaiaros specialuri swavleba. personali unda cdilobdes ubeduri SemTxvevebis
Tavidan acilebas.

Tu ki ubeduri SemTxveva mainc moxda, aucilebelia:

dauyonebliv aRmouCinoT daSavebuls pirveladi daxmareba.


daamSvidoT daSavebuli da SeuqmnaT mas maqsimalurad komfortuli pirobebi.
aucileblobis SemTxvevaSi gamoiZaxoT saswrafo
aucileblad daafiqsiroT ubeduri SemTxveva specialur JurnalSi.

1.10. usafrTxoeba da kanonis dacva

kanonmdebloba avaldebulebs samuSao adgilze usafrTxoebis wesebis dacvas. aucilebelia


ipovoT maRali riskis adgili da miiRoT profilaqtikuri zomebi.
Cqari prevenciuli zomebi SesaZleblobas mogvcems ubeduri SemTxvevebis riski davwioT an
sruliad aviciloT.
aseTi moqmedebiT Tqven asrulebT kanons.

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1.11. dacva

yvela saStato personalis movaleobebSi Sedis usafrTxoebis mxardaWera da Semdegi poziciebis


dacva:

samuSao moednebi
aRWurviloba
savaWro da sabanketo darbazebi
sawyobi Senoba
sardafebi
macivrebi
sayinuleebi da sxva

yvela zemoT CamoTvlili ubani, aseve mTeli aRWurviloba unda iqnas daculi gauTvaliswinebeli
SemTxvevebisgan, romlis Sedegia gafuWeba an gaflangva.
stumrebis an momsaxure personalis yvela saxis danakargis Sesaxeb aucilebelia ecnobos
xelmZRvanelobas, rom miiRon misi povnisTvis aucilebeli yvela zoma.
eWvmitanili pirebi aucilebelia Tavazianad davakavoT an vacnoboT amis Sesaxeb dacvas.
napovni nivTebis Sesaxeb informacia unda iyos dafiqsirebuli specialur JurnalSi da
gavufrTxildeT mas, sanam ar gamoCndeba mflobeli.

Tavi meore meniu


2.1. mimtanisaTvis sityva menius yvelaze cota sami mniSvneloba aqvs, esenia:

kerZebis asortimentis minimumi, romlebsac miarTmeven restornebSi da


axasiaTebT garkveuli, Tanmimdevroba.
kerZebis mirTmevis wesi (menius saxeobebi, magaliTad, kompleqsuri meniu ,
a la karti da a.S.),
qaRaldis furceli an dafa, romelzec iwereba kerZebis sia,

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am TavSi Cven visaubrebT menius pirveli ori mniSvnelobis Sesaxeb. meniuze (kerZebis
CamonaTvali) da misi stumrebisTvis morTmevis wesebis Sesaxeb waikiTxeT qvemoT.

am TavSi Tqven waikiTxavT:

Tanamedrove menius struqtura;


kerZebis miwodebis Tanmimdevroba;
produqtebi, romlebic ar Sedis kerZebis SemadgenlobaSi.
sxvadasxva saxisa da klasis meniu.

2.2. menius struqtura

saWmlis yoveli jeris dros, rogori ubraloc ar unda iyos is, aucilebelia meniu. mag: simindis
burbuSela, tostebi jemTan an raime sxva.
klasikuri franguli meniu (terminebis leqsikoni) moicavda Tormet kerZze met dasaxelebas. is
gvTavazobda sadilze kerZebis farTo arCevans tradiciuli TanmimdevrobiT. Tanamedrove meniuSi
aris naklebi raodenobis kerZi da SeuZliaT SemogvTazavon maTi mirTmevis Tanmimdevrobis
saxvadasxva variantebi.
menius Sedgenisas kerZebs alageben iseTi TanmimdevrobiT, rogorc unda iyos mirTmeuli
magidasTan.

Cveulebriv meniuSi Sedis 5 dasaxelebis kerZi:

SeWamandi,
wvnianebi,
xorcis patara SeWamandi-mTavari kerZis win,
mTavari kerZebi,
desertebi,
calke unda ganixilos sasmelebis sarCevi da e.w. Rvinis karta , razec mogvianebiT
visaubrebT.

SeWamands miekuTvneba iseTi kerZebi, rogoricaa cxare SeWamandi,


paStetebi, xamanwkebi, ufro is, rac aRagznebs, aRZravs madas da ara ganayrebT.

wvniani kerZebi SeiZleba iyos sqeli (cximiani) an Txevadi (konsomes tipis).


rogorc wesi, maT cxlad miarTmeven, magram zogierTi SeiZleba iyos civic.

klasikur frangul meniuSi xorcis patara SeWamandebi(entress)_iyo kerZi, romelsac


miarTmevdnen Tevzsa da mTavar xorcian kerZs Soris. Tanamedrove meniuSi es
termini aRniSnavs pastiseburi kerZebis patara porciebis tipis kerZebs, ruletebs zRvis
produqtebiT, daxvewil rTul salaTebs, patara Zexvebsa da Tevzeuls (Tu is ar airCies
ZiriTad kerZad). es kerZebi mowodebulia ara marto madis gasaRviZeblad, aramed
imisTvisac rom ar dauSvan sruli danayreba, riTac enacvlebian mTavar kerZs.

mTavari (ZiriTadi) kerZi-yvelaze mkvebavia meniuSi. Cveulebriv stumrebi jer


arCeven mTavar kerZebs, Semdeg sxvebs, romlebic avseben maT. analogiurad Sef-
mzareulic, romelic adgens menius, gansazRvravs mTavar kerZs, Semdeg ki
gegmavs danarCenebs, rogorc damatebas .

deserti Tanamedrove meniuSi niSnavs trapezis bolos miZRebul tkbil kerZs,


Tumca zogierT qveyanaSi, magaliTad britaneTSi is niSnavs xils da Txils da mas
miarTmevenn tkbileulis an pudingis Semdeg.

2.3. kerZebis miwodebis Tanmimdevroba.

10
ZiriTad SemTxvevebSi kerZebs im TanmimdevrobiT miarTmeven, rogorc Sedgenilia
tradiciuli Tanamedrove meniu, magram Tanmimdevroba SeiZleba varirebdes sadilis tipidan
gamomdinare. gansakuTrebiT xSirad xdeba es araformaluri sadilebis organizebis dros an
aratradiciul dawesebulebebSi. aseT SemTxvevebSi kerZebis miwodebis Tanmimdevrobaze
pasuxismgebloba ekisreba mimtans, vinc stumrebis survils iTvaliswinebs.

2.4. kerZebi romlebic ar Sedian menius struqturaSi.

menius formalur struqturaSi ar Sedis magidaze misarTmevad gaTvaliswinebuli yvela produqti


da arastandartulad gamzadebuli zogierTi kerZi.

2.5. SeWamandi

pirveli kerZis win SeiZleba mivarTvaT:

kanape
bostneuli sousiT
patara naWrebad danawevrebuli cxeli da civi SeWamandi

2.6. sousebi da saneleblebi

dRes, rodesac Cveni gastronomiuli miswrafebani efuZneba sxvadasxva kulturebis


mravalferovan tradiciebs, sxvadasxva sousebisa da saneleblebis arCevani Zalian didia.
sruliad bunebrivia rom zogierTi maTgans dgamen magidaze imisaTvis, rom stumrebs Tavad
hqondeT arCevanis saSualeba. kidev ramodenime soussa da saneleblebs maT mimtani
sTavazobs.
mimtanis movaleobebSi Sedis adevnos Tvalyuri rom mis gankargulebaSi iyos sousebisa da
saneleblebis mTeli rigi. iseTebi rogoricaa mdogvi, dafqvili Savi wiwaka, sxvadasxva keCupebi
da a.S. romlebic restoranis menius Seefereba.

2.7. yveli

yveli SeiZleba SeikveTos desertis win (rogorc miRebulia safrangeTSi), desertis nacvlad an
Semdeg stumris survilis Sesabamisad. zogs urCevnia rom yveli miirTvan sadilze RvinosTan
erTad, sxvebs moswonT yvelis miReba ufro gvian, yavasTan an portveinTan. yvelis mirTmevis
swori procedura da Sesabamisi akomponimenti damokidebulia yvelis saxeobaze.is, rasTanac
miarTmeven yvels, damokidebulia modaze, stumris gemovnebasa da restornis tradiciebze. ar
arsebobs erTaderTi, universaluri, zusti wesi!

2.8. ra mivarTvaT yavasTan.

iseve rogorc zogierTi SeWamandi, yava ar Sedis ZiriTad meniuSi.


kerZebis is asortimenti, romelic miirTmeva yavasTan, Semoifargleba mxolod mzareulis
fantaziiT. standartuli praqtika gaxda sadilis Semdeg pitnis furclebis mirTmeva, Tumca bolo dros
restornebis umetesoba yavasTan kerZebis asortiments irCevs sakuTari mosazrebiT. yavasTan
moaqvT patara keqsebi, an biskvitebi, safirmo Sokoladi, orcxobilebi, an magaliTad gayinuli xili.

2.9. menius saxeobebi

11
menius tipi da klasi gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan SesaTavazebeli kerZebis SesarCevi
variantebiT da fasebis struqturiT

2.10 meniu ( a la karte )

menius es tipi gTavazobT arCevans kerZebis yovel saxeobaSi. amasTan yoveli kerZis
Sefaseba xdeba calcalke. aseTi meniudan stumris mier SerCeuli kerZebi mzaddeba
SekveTiT. am franguli gamoTqmis zusti Targmania kartidan.
unda aRiniSnos rom termini a la karte gamoiyeneba restornul biznesSi da xSirad ara
sworad ganicdis interpretirebas. termini ar aris dakavSirebuli arc restornis gansazRvrul
saxeobasTan, arc fasebis politikasTan, arc kerZebis miwodebis procedurasTan.
is ekuTvnis mxolod menius saxeobas da iTvaliswinebs kerZebis SekveTiT momzadebas.

2.11. tabldoti.

menius es tipi gTavazobT arcTu ise did, (Cveulebriv Zalze SezRudul) patara kerZebis
asortiments da fasdeba mTliani Tanxis raodenobis mixedviT, erTi adamiani mTel meniuze.
sityva sityviT tabldoti frangulad niSnavs patronis magida.
aseTi menius tipiuri magaliTia saqmiani sauzme (biznes-lanCi) zomieri fasebiT, romlis
SemadgenlobaSi Sedis kerZebis 3-4 dasaxeleba. stumari ixdis dadgenil fass mTel sadilSi
an sauzmeSi.
bevri pirveli klasis restoranic xSirad iyenebs tabltodis tipis menius, radgan misi SezRuduli
raodenobis kerZebi saSualebas aZlevs Sef-mzareuls gamoarCios umaRlesi xarisxis axali
ingredientebi da maqsimaluri yuradReba dauTmos yvela kerZis momzadebas.
kerZebis momzadebisas asortimentis SezRudva, saSualebas iZleva rom tabldotis tipis meniuze
daixarjos naklebi raodenobis produqti, vidre a la kartis meniusTvis.
tabldotis tipis meniu Zalian popularulia sadResaswaulo dReebSi, magaliTad Sobas an 8 marts.

2.12 saerTo sadili

menius es saxeoba gTavazobT kerZebs, romlebsac gansazRvravs restornis mepatrone an


SemkveTi aseTi saxis meniu gaTvaliswinebulia specialuri SemTxvevisaTvis, magaliTad
qorwilebisa da banketebis momsaxurebis dros.

2.13. erTi dRis meniu (kart de Jur)

frangulidan zusti Targmani aris dRis karta. es meniu gTavazobT kerZebis asortiments
romelime gansazRvruli dRisTvis. is saSualebas aZlevs Sef-mzareuls SesTavazos stumrebs
specialuri kerZebi mxolod am konkretuli dRisTvis momzadebuli. an ara da a la kartis tradiciul
meniuze sxvadasxva variantebis damatebad moi-azreba. is SeiZleba gamoiyurebodes rogorc
tabldotis tipis meniu an dafaze iyos dawerili, magram momzadebuli mxolod erTi konkretuli
dRisTvis!

2.14. cikluri meniu

cikluri meniu aris meniuTa jgufi garkveuli periodis ganmavlobaSi. menius es tipi
Cveulebriv gamoiyeneba stacionalur dawesebulebebSi, magaliTad saavadmyofoebSi, cixeebSi,
aviaxazebze, samuSao sasadiloebSi.

12
cikluri menius mizania kerZebis asortimentis gamdidreba momxmareblisTvis,
momsaxure personalisTvis da aseve adamianTa mTeli koleqtivis srulfasovani kvebis
garantireba.
magaliTad, saavadmyofoSi cikli unda Seesabamebodes avadmyofis stacionarSi yofnis
saSualo xangrZlivobas.
aseTi meniu ar unda iqmnebodes mxolod 7 dRisTvis, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi erTi da
igive kerZebi miwodebuli iqneba kviris erTsa da imave dRes.

Tavi mesame inventari


3.1. Tanamedrove restornebSi arsebobs bevri sxvadasxvanairi sasadile mowyobiloba da
WurWeli. stiliT gansxvavdebian ara marto ZiriTadi sasadile mowyobilobebi, aramed uamravi
specilauri danadgaric.
am TavSi Cven ar vsvamT ptaqtikulad Seusrulebel amocanas-aRvweroT yvela sasadile
mowyobiloba, romelsac mimtans SeiZleba Sexvdes Tavis praqtikaSi: Cveni mizania-
warmovadginoT mowyobilobebis sruli kompleqti, , romlebiTac Cveulebriv sargebloben
Tanamedrove restornebSi. ar daiviwyoT stilis mravalferovnebis Sesaxeb. ilustraciebze
warmodgenilia mxolod zogierTi maTgani.

am TavSi SeiZleba gavecnoT:

kerZebisa da maTi miwodebisTvis gankuTvnil sxvadasxva sasadile


mowyobilobebs ; maT garegan iersaxes da moxmarebis wesebs.
sasadile WurWlis sxvadasxva saxeobebs
kerZis momzadebisTvis gankuTvnil sxvadasxva saxis mowyobilobebs
13
sasmelebisTvis gankuTvnil WurWlsa da mowyobilobebis Sesaxeb ikiTxeT 13 TavSi.

sufris mowyobiloba

sufris ZiriTadi mowyobiloba sasadile vercxli

didi Cangali
(cxeli kerZis Cangali)gamoiyeneba rogorc mTavari Cangali an kerZis gadmotanisTvis
gankuTvnili mowyobilobis nawili.
didi dana
(cxeli kerZis dana)gamoiyeneba rogorc mTavari dana da saserviso dana-Canglis Semadgeneli
nawili
patara Cangali
(civi kerZis Cangali)gamoiyeneba patara SeWamandisTvis paStetebisTvis salaTebisTvis
desertebisTvis(pudingi) xilisTvis
patara dana
(civi kerZis dana)gamoiyeneba, rogorc damatebiTi dana (rom wavusvaT purze karaqi an
paSteti)dana patara SeWamandisaTvis yvelis dana xilis dana
dana xorcisTvis
(yuradReba miaqcieT dakbilul waxnags)
Tevzis dana
gamoiyeneba TevzisTvis , didi naWrebis mosarTmevad
Cangali TevzisTvis
gamoiyeneba TevzisTvis
didi kovzi
(sufris kovzi)gamoiyeneba kerZis mirTmevisTvis
saSualo kovzi
(desertis anu kovzi pudingisTvis) gamoiyeneba desertebisTvis paStetebisTvis
wvnianis kovzi
patara kovzi
(Cais kovzi) gamoiyeneba Cai da yava koqteilebi (magaliTad krevetebis an xilis koqteili)
nayini deserti(nayini xiliT) Saqari

sufris sxva mowyobiloba, romelic zogjer ideba magidaze

sadeserto kovzi
gamoiyeneba desertisTvis , nayinisTvis
kovzi greifrutisTvis
Cangali xamanwkebisTvis
Cangali lokokinebisTvis
marwuxi lokokinebisTvis
basrwvetiani maxvili zRvis moluskebisaTvis
marwuxi omarisaTvis
dana karaqisTvis
gamoiyeneba karaqis da paStetis misarTmevad.

yvelis dana
gamoiyeneba yvelisTvis
saceri CaisTvis

sufris mowyobiloba, romelic kerZebis misarTmevad gamoiyeneba

14
dasakepi dana
puris dana
niCabi tortisTvis
CamCa wvnianisTvis
Txilis gasatexi
makrateli yurZnisTvis

sufris WurWeli

sufris WurWlis standartul kompleqtSi Sedis:

didi brtyeli TefSi (cxeli anu ZiriTadi kerZis TefSi)


SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnes rogorc SeWamandisTvis gankuTvnili TefSi an amosadebi
damxmare TefSi
did Rrma TefSi (sufris TefSi)
gamoiyeneba ZiriTadi kerZisTvis. zogjer mrgvali TefSebis nacvlad gamoiyeneba ovaluri
Sua TefSi
gamoiyeneba patara SeWamandisTvis, aseve salaTebisTvis, yvelisTvis, da xilisTvis
(SeiZleba iyos mrgvalic da ovaluric)
patara TefSi (puris)
gamoiyeneba purisTvis, pur-funTuSeulisTvis, aseve yvelisTvis, xilisTvis da tortebisTvis
(xandaxan)
wvnianis finjani
amiT moaqvT sqeli wvniani kerZebi, fafebi da piure.
TefSi da finjani konsome
gamoiyeneba bulionebisTvis, gaiTvaliswineT rom aseTi finjani yovelTvis amosadeb
damxmare TefSze devs
wvniani kerZis didi Tasi (TavsaxuriT)
xSirad masSi quridan gadaaqvT wvniani, magram ar dgamen magidaze stumrebis win.
kremanka
es aris SuSis, vercxlis an uJangavi liTonis sasalaTe larnaki patara fexze. gamoiyeneba zRis
produqtebisagan an xilisgan damzadebuli koqteilebis servirebisTvis,nayinis misarTmevad da
sxv.
larnaki
arsebobs sxvadasxva zomis. maTSi moaqvT gamomcxvari kvercxebi, tkbili kremi, sufle.
Cais an yavis finjani TefSiT
arsebobs sxvadasxva zomebis. zogierT restornebSi yavis Wiqa Cais Wiqaze ufro mcire
zomisaa.
patara yavis finjani lambaqiT
xSirad gamoiyeneba Savi yavisTvis an Turquli yavisTvis.
yavis maduRarebi
arsebobs savadasxva tipis, maT ekuTvniT agreTve geizeruli yavis maduRarebi.
plunJeri(naRebis asaTqvefad)
yavis grZelcxviriani Caidani
Caidani (dasayenebeli)
Caidani (mduRarisTvis)
saSaqre
sarZeve
sasalaTe (porciuli)
sasalaTe (magidis servirebisTvis)
uJangavi liTonis didi TefSi xamanwkebisa da midiebisTvis
uJangavi liTonis didi TefSi lokokinebisaTvis
sasouse
15
sxvadasxva zomis brtyeli TefSebi
sapilpile da samarile anu menaJeebi saneleblebisTvis, masSi aseve Sedis grafini
mdogvisTvis , seTisa da ZmrisTvis.
samariles aqvs erTi nasvreti, rom marilis dayra TefSis kideze SeiZlebodes frTxilad.
wiwakis menaJes ki sami an meti nasvreti.
pilpilis safqvavi
saSaqre-Seikeri
kloSe anu ZiriTadi da porciuli kerZebis Tavsaxuri arsebobs ori saxis: brtyeli da zaris
formis.
sakaraqe
karaqis TefSi
yvavilebis larnaki

didi danadgarebi

1 dasaTbobi karada

2 borblebiani magida giridoni / urika

3 urika flambes tipis kerZebis damzadebisaTvis

4 sakvebis gamacxelebeli vatiuri

da sxv.

Tavi meoTxe momzadeba stumrebis momsaxurebisTvis

4.1. stumrebis pirveli STabeWdileba Zalzed mniSvnelovania. amaze damokidebulia


moisurveben Tu ara isini kidev ewvion Tqvens restorans, Tu wavlen imisaTvis rom ar
dabrundenen. amitom didi mniSvneloba aqvs restornis darbazis zedmiwevniT da yovelmxriv
momzadebas stumrebis miRebisTvis. xelmZRvanelobis amocanaa - momsaxurebis wesebis
gamomuSaveba, xolo yoveli rigiTi TanamSromlis movaleobaa - daicvas es wesebi da
muSaobaSi aCvenos maRali profesionalizmi.

am TavSi Tqven gaigebT Tu rogor aris saWiro:

SekveTebis miReba
stumrebis ganawilebis gegmiT sargebloba
Sesabamisi atmosferos Seqmna
moamzado mimtanis samuSao magida
dakeco xelsaxocebi

16
4.2. adgilebis dajavSna

sanam restoranSi adgilebs dajavSniT, darwmundiT, rom Tqven flobT informacias da mzad
xarT upasuxoT Semdegi tipis kiTxvebs:

rogor samzareulos gTavazobT Tqven Tqveni restorani?(franguls, italiurs, adgilobrivs da


a.S.)
menius romeli saxeoba SegiZliaT SesTavazoT (a la karti Tu tabldoti)
RebulobT Tu ara Cekebs? sakredito baraTebs? romels?
aqvs Tu ara restorans licenzia spirtiani sasmelebis gayidvze Tu stumrebs Tan moaqvT
isini?
SesaZlebelia erTic da meorec? SeiZleba Tu ara spirtiani samelebis Tan motana, edeba Tu
ara damatebiTi fasi Rvinis gaxsnas an mirTmevas? rogoria es fasi?
restornis muSaobis saaTebi? SeiZleba Tu ara SeukveTo sauzme, sadili Tu marto vaxSami?
SeiZleba Tu ara Tan bavSvis miyvana?
emsaxurebian Tu ara invalidebs etlSi?
aris Tu ara darbazSi kondicioneri?
aris Tu ara adgilebi ara mwevelTaTvis?
aris Tu ara manqanis sadgomi?
emsaxurebian Tu ara banketebs da sxva masobriv RonisZiebebs?
sad mdebareobs restorani, rogor mivideT iq?
da a.S. . .

ufro xSirad adgilebis dajavSna xdeba telefoniT, amitom Zalzed mniSvnelovania, rom
SekveTis mimRebis xma JRerdes megobrulad. rogori dakavebulic ar unda iyoT Tqven,
gamoamJRavneT stumarTmoyvareobis maqsimumi, radgan swored pirvelma saubarma
SeiZleba potencialuri klienti gadaaqcios stumrad an piriqiT, SesaZloa man arasodes dagirekoT.

nu aiZulebT telefons didxans rekos, yurmili rac SeiZleba male aiReT.


SekveTis wigni gqondeT axlos.
garkveviT warmoTqviT Tqveni dawesebulebis saxeli.
SesTavazeT mas Tqveni daxmareba (mag, TqviT: gamarjobaT, riTi SemiZlia
dagexmaroT?)
yvela kiTxvas upasuxeT garkveviT da Tavazianad, Tu Tqven ar iciT, ra upasuxoT,
dauZaxeT ufro kompetentur TanamSromels da SesTavazeT gadarekva.

SekveTis miRebamde darwmundiT. rom SekveTebis Casaweri wigni xelTan gaqvT. pirveli,
rac aucileblad unda gaarkvioT aris, Tu rodis WirdebaT magida da ramden stumarze keTdeba
javSani. mxolod mas Semdeg, roca darwmundebiT rom namdvilad gaqvT aucilebeli adgilebi
saWiro dros, gaagrZeleT SekveTaze saubari, daazusteT yvela detali:

saxeli vinc javSnis magidas (Tu Tqven ar xarT darwmunebuli, rom sworad gaigeT,
sTxoveT-gaimeoros damarcvliT)
stumrebis mosvlis dro
sakontaqto telefoni
specialuri moTxovnebi, Tu ki es aucilebelia

daazusteT SekveTa, gaimeoreT yvela detali (SemkveTis saxeli, TariRi da SekveTis dro,
mowveul stumarTa raodenoba da sakontaqto telefonis nomeri). darwmundiT, rom Tqven
CawereT aucilebeli informacia saregistracio wignSi srulyofilad. saubris dasasruls
gamoamJRavneT Tqveni keTili ganwyoba: didi madloba batono, gelodebiT xuTSabaT saRamos.

17
4.3.stumrebis ganlagebis gegma

stumebis ganlagebis gegma an miReba restornis darbazSi damokidebulia stumrebis


raodenobaze da servirebis stilze. am sakiTxebis gadawyvetis Semdeg metrdoteli, darbazis
ganmakargulebeli adgens gegmas, romelic iTvaliswinebs darbazSi magidebis ganlagebas
da stumrebis ganTavsebas.

monaxazis Sedgenis dros aucileblad mxedvelobaSi misaRebia Semdegi mTavari momentebi:


magidebis ganlageba ar unda zRudavdes xalxisa da momsaxure personalis
Tavisuflad moZraobas.
magidebis dadgma saWiroa mxolod moxerxebul adgilebSi, anu Sors
Sesasvlelisagan, samzareulosagan, sapirfareSosagan, ar unda idges orpir qarSi da arc
svetebTan.
stumrebis moTxovnebis gaTvaliswineba ( magaliTad, rogor ganvaTavsoT stumrebi
saqmian -Sexvedraze. Tu movida ojaxi, axaldaqorwinebuli wyvili da a.S.)

4.4. restoranSi atmosferos Seqmna

restoranSi mTeli muSaobis warmateba damokidebulia misi Statis codnaze, Tu rogor


Seqmnan darbazSi Sesabamisi atmosfero. atmosferos xasiaTi ganisazRvreba dRis nawiliT,
restornis adgilmdebareobiT da misi specifikiT.
menejerebma, vinc pasuxismgeblebi arian saWiro atmosferos Seqmnaze darbazSi, unda
gaiTvaliswinon Semdegi momentebi:

ganaTeba :

dRisiT ufro misaRebia bunebrivi ganaTeba an kaSkaSa Suqi.


media Suqi ukeTesia saRamos RonisZiebisaTvis.
sanTlebis danTebac miRebulia saRamos da ara dRisiT, isini xazs usvamen garemos-
intimurobas.

xedi:

magidebi unda idges ise, rom stumrebis Tvalwin saukeTeso xedi iSlebodes.
. musika: musikaluri foni mniSvnelovnad moqmedebs stumrebis xasiaTze(Tu restoranSi
ukraven cocxal musikas, magidebi unda ganlagdes scenis adgilmdebareobis
gaTvaliswinebiT)

gaformeba: gaformeba da restornis atmosfero harmoniaSi unda iyos erTmaneTTan.

ferebis SerCeva did rols TamaSobs sasiamovno atmosferos SeqmnaSi. aris Tbili da civi
ferebi; romantikuli da saqmiani da a.S.)
Tu ki ferebis SerCeva da darbazis gaformeba aris dizaineris saqme, xSirad zogierTi detalis
SerCeva Sedis mimtanis movaleobaSi. magaliTad: cocxali mcenareebi da axalmoWrili
yvavilebi-interiereris gaformebis mTavari elementia. amas garda, isini stumrebis xasiaTze
dadebiTad moqmedebs da amavdroulad magidas amSvenebs. mimtans unda SeeZlos
sworad SearCios isini, gaaformos da karg mdgomareobaSi SeinarCunos.

4.5.rogor davafaroT magidas sufra?

sarestorno magidebisaTvis gadasafareblebis uamravi sxvadasxvagvari, zomebisa da stilis


mixedviT gansxvavebuli dakecvis wesi arsebobs.. aseve sxvadasxva samrecxaoebSi

18
gadasafareblebis dakecvis wesi sxvadasxvagvaria.. amitom ar arsebobs mxolod erTi zusti
teqnika da wesi restoranSi magidis sufriT gadafarebisaTvis.
gadasafareblebis dakecvis erT-erTi yvelaze cnobili meTodia e.w. garmoSka. mas iyeneben
oTxfexian marTkuTxa magidaze.

4.6. gadafarebis procedura

darwmundiT, rom magida aris mdgradi da isea ganlagebuli, rom masTan Tavisuflad
migesvlebaT momsaxurebis dros. Tu magida yanyalebs, is gasamagrebelia.
dadeqiT magidis grZel kidesTan, orive bolodan Tanabar manZilze.
dadeviT garmoSkiT dagrexili sufra magidaze.
moaxvedreT centrs Sua nakeci.
daixareT magidaze, xeli mokideT zeda nawils, Tqvengan gadaxseniT da gadafareT
magidis meore naxevari.
SeamowmeT rom Sua nakeci gadiodes magidis centrze.
gadaxseniT sufris meore naxevari Tqvensken da dafareT magidis naxevari.
SeamowmeT rom sufra idos sworad, xolo misi boloebi Tanabrad iyos yvela mxridan. misi
kuTxeebi zustad unda faravdes magidis fexebs.

4.7. sufris gamocvla momsaxurebis dros

xSirad saWiroa stumrebis momsaxurebis dros sufris Secvla. es xdeba roca stumrebi sxva
magidebTan sxedan da magidebze icvleba servireba da gadasafareblebi, an im SemTxvevaSi,
Tu masze raime daiRvara, nebismier SemTxvevaSi gadasafareblis Secvla unda iyos rac SeiZleba
SeumCneveli da rac gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania - magidis Tavi ar unda gaSiSvldes.

gadasafareblis Secvlis procedura aseTia:

WurWeli mTlianad gadaitaneT.


magidasTan dadeqiT gverdulad
gamoyenebuli sufra Tqvensken moqaCeT ise, rom misi mipirdapire mxare faravdes
magidis zedapirs, magram ara kides.
aiReT garmoSkiT dakecili sufTa sufra , ise rom Tqvensken iyurebodes misi Sua nawili
da orive kide .
unda gekavoT igi Semdegnairad: neka da saCvenebeli TiTebiT aiReT sufris zeda piri, xolo
danarCeni TiTebiT-qveda da Sua nawilebi.
xelebi aaqnieT zeviT da win ise, rom sufra gaiSalos da daiwyos daSveba magidis
mopirdapire naxevarze. amasTan, sufris zeda bolo geWiroT xeliT.
swrafad dauSviT xelebi da Tavisufali cera da neka TiTebiT aiReT gadasafarebeli da
Tqvensken moqaCeT.
Tqven erTdroulad iRebT qveda-gamoyenebul safars da mis adgilze sufTas afenT.
moasworeT sufTa sufra, xolo gamoyenebuli swrafad SeaxvieT da waiReT.

4.8 .mimtanis samuSao adgilis momzadeba mizan plasi.

stumrebis momsaxurebis dawyebamde mimtanma unda moamzados Tavisi samuSao adgili.


es SeiZleba iyos ubralod magida, gadafarebuli an specialuri damxmare karada, yuTebiT, da
zogjer Tbili karadiT (WurWlis an kerZis gaxurebisTvis). nebismier SemTxvevaSi mimtanma unda
moamzados Semdegi:

yvela saWiro mowyobiloba, magaliTad danebi da Canglebi, kovzebi wvnianebisaTvis da


tkbileulisaTvis, yavis da Cais kovzebi, damatebiTi danebi.

19
kerZebis mirTmevisTvis gankuTvnili mowyobilobebi (kovzebi CamosxmisaTvis, danebi).
magidis asalageblad gankuTvnili aRWurviloba
Cais da yavis servirebis WurWeli (sarZeveebi, saSaqreebi, finjanebi TefSebiT, specialuri
kovzebi da a.S.)
SuSis WurWeli (Wiqebi, fuJerebi TeTri da wiTeli RvinisaTvis).
amosadebi damxmare TefSebi (xelsaxocebiT dafaruli).
sapureebi da sakaraqeebi.
xelsaxocebi.
langrebi.
kbilis Cxirebi
kerZebis meniu.
Rvinis karta
sufTa bloknotebi da kalmebi.
boTlebis gasaxsneli.
menaJeebi (sousebi, safqvavi wiwakasaTvis)
sufris sufTa TeTreuli.
damatebiTi mowyobilobebi gansakuTrebuli SekveTebis momsaxurebisaTvis

Tu bufeti aRWurvilia gamTbobi karadiT, mas rTaven stumrebis momsaxurebis dawyebamde 15


wuTiT adre.
WurWeli da aRWurviloba, romelic gamoiyeneba momsaxurebis dros mudmivad unda iyos
Sevsebuli an icvlebodes sufTaTi momsaxurebis procesSi_ samuSao cvlis dasasruls an Semdegi
cvlis dasawyisSi, rac damokidebulia ufrosi mimtanis gadawyvetilebaze.

4.9. karaqis momzadeba

karaqi mzaddeba stumrebis mosvlamde cota xniT adre. mas Wrian natexebad, burTu-lebad
an sxva formiT da aciveben, yovel naWers uSveben gayinul wyalSi ise rom ar miewebon
erTmaneTs. gaciebis mere karaqis yoveli porcia dadeviT specialur TefSebze da SeinaxeT isini
macivrebSi magidaze mitanamde. Cveulebriv karaqs deben magidaze purTan erTad.

4.10. magidis servireba konkretuli stumrisaTvis

amaSi Sedis:

adgili magidasTan, romelic erT stumarzea gaTvaliswinebuli (65sm) da romelsac awyoben


SekveTili menius Sesabamisad; stumrebis mosalodneli raodenoba, (magaliTad sadili unda
gaiwyos 75 personaze) an restornis darbazis tevadobis daxasiaTeba (mag, lurji darbazi
gaTvaliswinebulia 50 personaze)
arsebobs servirebis ori ZiriTadi tipi _ a la karti da saerTo sadili.
maT Soris gansxvaveba qvemoT aris mocemuli , magram aucileblad gasaTvaliswinebelia, rom
miuxedavad servirebisa mimtanma unda daicvas Semdegi wesebi:

magidaze dawyobamde mTeli WurWeli da xelsawyoebi unda iyos garecxili da


kargad SemSralebuli.
ZiriTadi dana-Cangali aucileblad unda iyos magidis kididan 1 sm manZilze da
erTmaneTisgan 25-29 sm manZilze (damokidebulia sadilis TefSebis zomaze)
damatebiT (damxmare) TefSebs yovelTvis awyoben stumrisgan marcxniv.
damatebiT danebs deben gverdiTa TefSze marcxnidan, ZiriTadi dana-Canglis
paralelurad ise, rom TefSze daetios puri.
yvela danis piri unda iyos mimarTuli marcxniv.
pirveli da ZiriTadi Rvinis bakali idgmeba 2,5 sm-is manZilze ZiriTadi danis
wveridan. damatebiTi Wiqebi, fuJerebi da sxva saxis Wiqebi ganlagdebian pirveli

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bakalidan 45 gradusis kuTxiT.(am Temaze efro qvemoT gveqneba dawvrilebiTi saubari ,
rodesac ganvixilavT RviniT serviss)
dakecil xelsaxocs aTavseben yoveli adgilis centrSi.

4.11. servirebis saxeobebi

a la kartis meniu upiratesobas aniWebs kerZebis farTo arCevans, sadac TiToeul kerZs Tavisi
fasi aqvs. stumrebi irCeven kerZebs, maT Soris ZiriTad kerZsac Tavisi gemovnebis mixedviT.
stumrebis mosvlis win yoveli adgili iwyoba ZiriTadi kerZis momsaxurebisTvis. mas Semdeg rac
stumrebi akeTeben SekveTas, servireba ivseba Sesabamisad .

a la kartis sevirebaSi Sedis:

ZiriTadi dana-Cangali.
puris TefSi.
damatebiTi dana.
is, rac idgmeba magidis SuaSi (yvavilebis larnaki an sasanTle, saneleblebi,
saferfle, baraTi stumris saxeliT da magidis nomeri)
Rvinis Wiqa
xelsaxoci

4.12. saerTo sadilis servireba.

saerTo sadilis servireba warmoadgens kerZebis SezRudul servirebas, mTliani sadilis saerTo
fasis CvenebiT. ramdenadac winaswar aris cnobili Tu ras mivarTmevT stumrebs, magidas
awyoben sasadile dana-CangliT da SuSis WurWliT. suraTze ( ix. sur. 1, ) mocemulia saerTo
sadilis servireba, romelic Sedgeba SeWamandisagan, wvnianisgan, Tevzisa da ZiriTadi
kerZisagan.
aseT menius sWirdeba Semdegi mizanplaci:

dana-Cangali SeWamandisaTvis
kovzi wvnianisaTvis
Tevzis dana-Cangali
ZiriTadi dana-Cangali
puris TefSi
damatebiTi dana
Rvinis bakali an sxva
xelsaxoci

4.13. servireba bistro

es aris servirebis gaubraloebuli varianti sadilisTvis araformalur garemoSi. aseTi servireba ufro
uxdeba bufetebs, TviTmomsaxurebisTvis gaTvaliswinebul kafeteriebs an piknikebs.
xelsawyoebis arCevani da servireba damokidebulia meniuze da dawesebulebis stilze.

4.14. sadeserto xelsawyoebi

desertisTvis gankuTvnili xelsawyoebi (sadeserto kovzi da Cangali) Cveulebriv ar Sedis


winaswar servirebaSi. isini ZiriTad kerZis gatanis Semdeg. zogjer isini moaqvT sadilis
dasawyisSi da deben ZiriTadi kerZisTvis gankuTvnil WurWlis zemoT. am SemTxvevaSi desertis
mowodebamde mimtanma unda gadaitanos stumarTan ufro axlos sadeserto servisi.

21
alternativad Cven gTavazobT sadeserto xelsawyoebis(kovzi da Cangali) mitanas magidaze
servirebis TefSze uSualod desertis mirTmevamde. es saSualebas mogvcems magidaze
SevinarCunoT damatebiTi sivrce da agreTve mogvcems garantias, rom sadeserto xelsawyoebi
darCeba mTlianad sufTa garkveul dromde.
mxedvelobaSi gqondeT, rom kovzi da Cangali yvela desertisaTvis ar aris saWiro; zogierTisTvis
saWiroa xilis dana-Cangali da patara kovzi.

4.15. bokalebi riumkebi Wiqebi da sxv...

Rvinis Wiqebi, iseve rogorc samagido mowyobiloba, idgmeba magidaze maTi gamoyenebis
daniSnulebis mixedviT. maT dgamen 45 gradusis kuTxiT pirveli Wiqidan, romelic (rogorc ukve
zemoT iyo aRniSnuli) idgmeba 2,5sm-iT zeviT ZiriTadi danis wveridan. diagramaze Wiqebi
ganlagebulia 45 gr marcxena kuTxiT (magidis centrisaken), magram zogjer (gansakuTrebul
SemTxvevebSi) _ isini SeiZleba marjvnivac mivmarToT.
Tu magidaze ar darCa sakmarisi sivrce bokalebisa da riumkebis rigSi gasanTavseblad, maT
samkuTxedad dgamen.

4.16. xelsaxocebis dakecvis teqnologia

dakecili samagide xelsaxoci ideba rogorc stumrebisTvis, aseve servirebis gaformebisTvis.


yovel restoranSi miRebulia xelsaxocebis dakecvis sakuTari stili, is damokidebulia servirebis
saxeobaze.
upiratesobad iTvleba Tu xelsaxoci dakecilia rac SeiZleba ubralod. rac ufro ubralod aris is
dakecili, miT ufro higienuria is da miT ufro metia drois ekonomiac. magram zogierT
restoranSi, esTetikis TvalsazrisiT upiratesad iTvleba xelsaxocis dakecvis rTuli stili.
fotoze naCvenebia xelsaxocebis dakecvis dawvrilebiTi teqnika. amisTvis SeiZleba
gamoviyenoT qsovili da qaRaldis xelsaxocebi.
profesionalurad dakecili xelsaxocebi unda idges TavisiT, samagido xelsawyoebisa da Wiqebis
daxmarebis gareSe.

Tavi mexuTe riTi daviwyoT stumrebis momsaxureba?

5.1 stumrebis momsaxurebis procedura damokidebulia sawarmos saxeobaze. ar aris


imdenad mniSvnelovani Tu rogori momsaxurebis variants _ tradiciuls, Tanamedrove Tu sakuTars,
gTavazobT sawarmo, gacilebiT mniSvnelovania, rom sawarmo iyos Tanmimdevruli Tavis
arCevanSi.
stumrebis momsaxurebis mravalferovani stilis gamo umetesoba momsaxure sferos axalbedebi
ibnevian rodesac iwyeben am biznesSi muSaobas da ar ician Tu romeli stili aris yvelaze
swori. universaluri stili, romelic mouxdeba yvela saxis garemoebebs ubralod ar arsebobs. am
da Semdeg TavebSi Cven SevecdebiT warmogidginoT yvelaze gonivruli gadawyvetilebebi
sxvadasxva problemebisa, romlebic ufro xSirad wamoiWreba, magram mkiTxvelma
mxedvelobaSi unda miiRos, rom zogierT restoranSi SeiZleba moixmaron stumrebis
momsaxurebis sruliad gansxvavebuli praqtika.

am TavSi Tqven gaigebT:

rogoria stumrebis momsxurebis Tanmimdevroba;


rogor SevxvdeT da ganvaTavsoT stumrebi;
rogor gavSaloT sworad xelsaxocebi;
rogor mivarTvaT wyali;
rogor mivarTvaT puri;
rogor miviRoT SekveTa apiritivebze;
rogor mivarTvaT aperitivi;

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5.2. stumrebis momsaxurebis Tanmimdevroba

termini momsaxurebis Tanmimdevroba niSnavs moqmedebis Tanmimdevrobas, dawyebuli


stumrebis restoranSi mosvliT da maTi gacilebiT damTavrebuli. am procedurebis detalebis
varireba damokidebulia dawesebulebis stilze da momsaxurebis diapazonze, romelsac maT
sTavazoben.
momsaxurebis moqmedebis Tanmimdevroba unda iTvaliswinebdes yvela niuans, rom
saukeTesod daakmayofilos TiToeuli stumris moTxovna.
momsaxurebis Tanmimdevrobis gansazRvrisas gasaTvaliswinebelia uamravi momenti,
magaliTad, saWiroa Tu ara wylis morTmeva yinulTan, sanam stumari moiTxovs amas, iqneba Tu
ara saWiro cxeli an civi pirsaxocebi, rogor gavuwioT koordinireba kerZebisa da sasmelebis
mirTmevas! (restoranSi SeiZleba iyos somelie _ Rvinis specialisti)

5.3. CaniSvnebi

momsaxurebis CaniSvna uzrunvelyofs moqmedebebis Sesrulebis Tanmimdevrobas da


warmoadgens axal mimtanTa StatisTvis erTgavr xelmZRvanelobas. mogvyavs aseTi
xelmZRvanelobis magaliTi, da viwyebT stumebis magidasTan ganTavsebidan.

mieselmeT stumrebs da SesTavzeT maT daikavon adgilebi magidasTan.


gaSaleT xelsaxocebi.
SesTavazeT wyali yinuliT.
aiReT aperitivebis SekveTa.
miarTviT puri da karaqi.
miarTviT meniu, SesTvazeT safirmo kerZebi da informacia damatebiTi kerZebis
Sesaxeb.
miiReT SekveTa, romelSic ZiriTadi kerZic Sedis.
miawodeT Rvinis karta.
CawereT SekveTa angariSebis bloknotSi, amoartyiT Cekebi sakaso danadgarebze
da gadaeciT SekveTa samzareulos.
miiReT spirtiani sasmelebis SekveTa
miarTviT Rvino.
daamateT servireba magidaze miRebuli SekveTis Sesabamisad.
miarTviT pirveli kerZi.
waiReT pirveli kerZi.
miitaneT kidev Rvinoebi da gaxseniT axali boTlebi SekveTis Sesabamisad.
miarTviT damatebiTi SeWamandi (anu xorcis patara SeWamandi)
SeWamandis Semdeg gaitaneT gamoyenebuli WurWeli
SeamowmeT mzad aris Tu ara ZiriTadi kerZi.
miarTviT salaTa.
mas Semdeg, rac stumrebi gasinjaven kerZs, daintresdiT maTi azriT produqtis
xarisxze.
waiReT gamoyenebuli WurWeli ZiriTadi kerZis Semdeg.
waiReT sapure da sasalaTe TefSebi, aseve karaqis TefSic.
SeamowmeT da aucileblobis SemTvevaSi SecvaleT saferfleebi. (Tu stumrebi
iyeneben saferfleebs regularulad, isini mudmivad unda SevcvaloT, gansakuTrebiT
Semdegi kerZis motanis win)
CamoferTxeT namcecebi.
SesTavazeT stumrebs cxeli an civi pirsaxocebi.
SesTavazeT stumrebs Rvinoebis karta sadeserto Rvinoebis arCevisTvis (an stumris
surviliT _ moitaneT kidev ramdenime winaswar arCeuli boTli)
miawodeT desertebis meniu, da mieciT informacia stumrebs safirmo da
damatebiTi sadeserto kerZebis Sesaxeb.
miiReT SekveTa desertze an yvelebze.
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CawereT SekveTa desertze angariSis bloknotSi, amoartyiT sakaso Ceki da gadaeciT
SekveTa samzareuloSi.
koreqtireba gauwieT servirebas.
miitaneT sadeserto Rvinoebi an sxva SekveTili sasmelebi.
miawodeT deserti an yveli.
miiReT SekveTa yava\Caize. (stumrebis surviliT yava\Cai SeiZleba erTdroulad
miarTvaT desertTan\yvelTan an calke)
gamowereT angariSi Cai\yavaze da amoartyiT salaroSi Ceki.
miiReT SekveTa sadilis Semdgom sasmelebze (diJestivi).
miarTviT yava\Cai.
miarTviT biskvitebi, quqisebi da a.S. Cai\yavasTan
moamzadeT angariSi stumrebisTvis.
SesTavzeT damatebiTi Cai\yava
stumrebis TxovniT miawodeT angariSi.
miiReT Tanxa da SesTavazeT xurda.
SesTavazeT damatebiTi Cai\yava.
daemSvidobeT stumrebs da darwmundiT maT kvlav mosvlaSi...

5.4. stumrebis daxvedra da ganTavseba

pirveli STabeWdileba Zalzed mniSvnelovania. pirveli rasac restornis stumari aqcevs


yuradRebas _ aris saStato TanamSromlebis mzadyofna Sexvdnen da miiRon stumari. Tu ki
miReba iqneba Tbili, stumari ra Tqma unda kidev ufro Tbil momsaxurebas molodinSi iqneba,
radgan eqmneba STabeWdileba, rom restoranSi muSaoben maRali klasis profesionalebi.
stumrebis momsaxureba iwyeba maTi daxvedriTa da ganTavsebiT. did restoranSi stumrebs
xvdeba metrdoteli. is amowmebs magidebis dajavSnas, acilebs stumrebs adgilisaken da
warudgens maT mimtans. patara restornebSi momsaxurebis mTel proceduraze
pasuxismgebelia hostesi an mimtani. orive SemTxvevaSi wesi Semdegia:

SexvdiT stumrebs, rogorc ki Semovlen darbazSi.


miesalmeT maT, magaliTad: saRamo ,Svidobisa.
Tu stumrebs surT Wama, dainteresdiT, SeukveTes Tu ara maT magida winaswar.
SeamowmeT SekveTa. Tu javSani ar aris, naxeT, aris Tu ara darbazSi Tavisufali adgilebi
SeamowmeT aris Tu ara javSani, hkiTxeT imis saxeli vinc gaakeTa SekveTa _
magidas Cveulebriv arezerveben SemkveTis saxelze. mniSvnelovania icodeT rom is aris
stumrebis jgufSi. (is SeiZleba iyos kacic, qalic)
miacileT stumrebi maT magidasTan.
SesTavazeT stumrebs skamebi, amiT gaagebineT rom SeuZliaT dasxdnen.

5.5. xelsaxocebis gaSla

stumrisTvis xelsaxocis gaSlisas, Tqven amiT amzadebT magidas kerZebisa da sasmelebis


morTmevisaTvis, zogierTi stumari TviTon iSlis xelsaxocs, sxvebi ki elodebian rodis gaakeTebT
amas Tqven, mimtani. gaSlis teqnika aseTia:
dadeqiT stumrisgan marjvniv da aswieT xelsaxoci marjvena xeliT.
odnav aSaleT xelsaxoci, rom is samkuTxedad gaiSalos.
dadeviT xelsaxoci stumris muxlebze, samkuTxedis grZeli nawiliT rac SeiZleba
mucelTan axlos.
mouareT magidas saaTis isris sapirispiro mimarTulebiT, roca SliT xelsaxocebs.
bolos moemsaxureT magidis ufross.

5.6. rogor mivarTvaT wyali

24
wyali stumrebs SeiZleba mivarTvaT misalmebis da ganTavsebis proceduris Semdeg. es maT
gaagrilebs da aperitivebis arCevis dros miscems.
wyali yinuliT aris sadilis brwyinvale akopmponimenti, es yovelTvis moswonT stumrebs.
mimtans wyali yovelTvis mzad unda hqondes, Tumca zogierT restoranSi is mxolod stumrebis
TxovniT moaqvT (zogierT qveyanaSi, mag: aSS da iaponiaSi, miRebulia wylis yinuliT magidaze
dadgma, amitomac turistebi am qveynebSi ar ukveTaven wyals speialurad, Tvlian ra rom is
Sedis magidis servirebaSi)

wyali miaqvT Semdegi saxiT:

Wiqa wylisTvis idgmeba Rvinis Wiqidan marjvniv, ZiriTadi danis zemoT.


mimtani asxams wyals da dgams stumris marjvena xelTan.
wylis Camosxmisas, imoZraveT magidis irgvliv saaTis isris mimarTulebis
sawinaaRmdegod. bolos moemsaxureT magidis ufross.
SesTavazeT wyali mTeli sadilis manZilze saWiroebis mixedviT.

zogierT restoranSi miRebulia magidaze yinuliani wyliT savese doqebis dadgma, imisTvis rom
stumrebma SeZlon TviTon moemsaxuron Tavis Tavs.

5.7. rogor mivarTvaT puri

purs Cveulebriv awodeben mas mere, rac stumrebi dasxdebian magidasTan. mas aTavseben
kalaTaSi magidaze an arTmeven personalurad yovel stumars vercxlis TefSze. meore varianti
saSualebas iZleva adgilis ekonomias magidaze .

purs miarTmeven ase:

moitaneT kalaTa puriT da sakaraqe marcxena xeliT, isargebleT morTmevis


orTefSiani teqnikiT.
gadaitaneT kalaTa puriT marcxena xelisgulze.
miitaneT kalaTa marcxnidan.
kalaTis mirTmevisas dauSviT is puris TefSis donemde.
gadaitaneT puri kalaTidan puris TefSze specialuri xelsawyos daxmarebiT.
puris mirTmevisas, mouareT stumrebs saaTis isris mimarTulebis sapirispirod. bolos
moemsaxureT magidis ufross.

5.8. aperitivebi

aperitivebis SekveTa unda miiRoT rac SeiZleba swrafad, rogorc ki stumrebi magidas
miusxdebian. mimtanma moxerxebulad unda SesTavazos stumrebs gasinjon rame madis
aRmZvreli, da CamouTvalos koqteilis an Rvinis saxeoba. mieciT stumrebs saSualeba
gamoamJRavnon TavianTi gemovneba.
miawodeT Rvinisa da koqteilebis CamonaTvali an CamouTvaleT is, rac SeiZleba
aarCion.
miexmareT stumrebs arCevanis gakeTebaSi, an auxseniT romeli ingredientebi
Sedis ama Tu im koqteilis SemadgenlobaSi da rogoria maTi gemo.
CawereT SekveTebi erTi meoris mimdevrobiT, da SemouareT magidas saaTis isris
mimarTulebiT sapirispirod.
CawereT gansakuTrebuli survilebi. ( mag: yinulis gareSe da a.S)
CawereT SekveTebi angariSebis bloknotSi.
gadaeciT SekveTebi barSi.

5.9. rogor mivarTvaT aperetivebi

25
ganalageT sasmelebi langarze TanmimdevrobiT (saaTis isris mimarTulebis
sapirispirod )
gadaitaneT langari magidisken.
geWiroT langari marcxena xelSi stumris zurgs ukan.
miawodeT sasmelebi, SemouareT magidas saaTis isris sawinaaRmdego
mimarTulebiT. magidis ufross emsaxurebian yvelaze bolos.
dadgiT sasmeli Rvinis Wiqidan marjvniv.
axla Tqveni stumrebi moxerxebulad moewyvnen da mzad arian yuradReba
meniuze gadaitanon.

Tavi meeqvse SekveTebis miReba da magidis damatebiT servireba


6.1. mas Semdeg rac stumrebi daikaveben adgils da maT miarTmeven aperitivebs da purs,
dgeba kerZebis arCevis momenti. mimtans moaqvs kerZebis meniu. Rebulobs SekveTebs da
saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi magidas xelaxla aservirebs.

am TavSi Tqven waikiTxavT:

menius warmodgena;
SekveTebis miReba;
mimtani gamyidvelis rolSi
magidis damatebiT servireba;
SekveTi miRebis teqnika , procedura da a.S...

6.2. menius warmodgena

mimtanma unda ara mxolod miiRos SekveTebi da miarTvas stumrebs arCeuli. mas
esaWiroeba didi iniciativis warmoCena. mimtanebi-ara mxolod momsaxure personalia, aramed
Taviseburad gamyidvelebic arian.
menius warmodgena-saqonlis warmodgenis brwyinvale SesaZleblobaa. Mmimtans
SesaZlebloba eZleva gayidos, restornis meniuSi Semavali kerZebi, agreTve maTi
akomponimenti kerZebi da sasmelebi. es erTaderTi momentia, roca stumrebis mTeli yuradReba
mimarTulia mimtanisken, da man ar unda gauSvas Tavisi Sansi.sanam menius warmoadgendeT,
saWiroa mTeli sizustiT SeiswavloT igi, rom SeZloT nebismieri kerZi aRweroT, icodeT risgan da
rogor aris is damzadebuli da rogor mivarTvaT is. Tqven aseve valdebulebi xarT safirmo
kerZebis yvela wvrilmani icodeT . meniu ise unda waradginoT, rom stumrebma SeZlon
arCevanis gakeTeba bevri yoymanis gareSe da aseve Tqveni mxridan yovelgvari zewolis
gareSe.

26
6.3.menius sxvadasxva saxis formebi

meniu SeiZleba sxvadasxvagvarad gamoiyurebodes. tradiciul restornebSi mas Cveulebriv


ydaSi aTavseben. nakleb oficialur dawesebulebebSi meniu SeiZleba iyos dawerili dafaze,
dabeWdili kartaze an specialur suvenirul xarixaze-yvelaferi damokidebulia momzadebis
fantaziaze.
yoveli restorani, kafe, bari irCevs rogorc stumrebis momsaxurebis, aseve menius
mirTmevisa da gaformebis Tavis individualur stils. ra Tqma unda, mimtanebma unda
Seasrulon es saSinao wesdeba.

6.4.menius warmodgenis teqnika

Tu ki meniu formdeba rogorc wigni, is unda miarTvaT stumrebs Riad.


moitaneT meniu marcxena xelis guliT.
gaxseniT meniu marjvena xeliT ydis zeda kuTxidan.
miarTviT meniu stumars marjvena mxridan.
daurigebT ra yvela stumars menius egzemplars, SesTavazeT maT kerZebi an
kerZebis variantebi, romlebic ar Sedian menius CamonaTvalSi..

6.5. kerZebis daxasiaTeba da maTi rekomendacia

axla mzad iyaviT upasuxoT kiTxvebs safirmo da sxva kerZebis Sesaxeb. Tqven unda icodeT
kerZebis aRwera, maTi momzadebis teqnologia da zustad miwodeba, sworad da mTlianad.
Tqven SeiZleba gTxovon rekomendacia. mzad iyaviT daexmaroT stumrebs kerZebis arCevaSi.
fraza CvenTan yvelaferi gemrielia ar aris konstruqciuli.
gaarkvieT ra urCevnia TiToeul stumars_Tevzi Tu xorci, cxeli Tu civi_mxolod amis Semdeg
SesTavazeT kerZebi. Dda a.S...

6.6. mimtani gamyidvelis rolSi, SeTavazebis ostatoba.

Semdeg dgeba dro rom mimtanma gamyidvelis SesaZleblobebi gamoavlinos. mkacri


zewolis taqtika iSviaTad aris efeqturi. Tqven iseTi kerZebi unda SesTavazoT gasayidad,
romelsac stumari ueWvelad SeukveTavda rom scodnoda maTi meniuSi arsebobis Sesaxeb.
Tqven sTavazobT ufro xarisxian momsaxurebas Tqven stumrebis vaxSams restoranSi qmniT
ufro sasiamovnos da sruls. Tqven magaliTad SegiZliaT TqvaT, rom rom axali Tevzi aris
bazridan, an rom kameCis xorcis mwvadi_ siaxlea meniuSi da popularobiT sargeblobs.
gayidvis mTavari teqnikaa ar dauSvaT uaryofiTi pasuxebis provocireba. nacvlad xom
ar inebebdiT gagesinjaT SeWamandis es saxeoba romelzec getyvian ara, ukeTesia
hkiTxoT riTi gsurT daiwyoT?
zogierTi restorani (mag amerikul stilSi) gadis momsaxure personalTan detalur instruqtaJs
gayidvis teqnikasTan dakavSirebiT; sxvebi ufro did yuradRebas uTmoben stumrebisTvis
daxmarebis gawevas kerZebis SerCevaSi, amasTan ar unda ixmaron termini gayidva (es
iTvleba TiTqmis Seuracxyofad) magram orive SemTxvevaSi brwyinvale momsaxureba unda iyos
erTdroulad efeqturi;
kmayofili stumrebi da Semosavliani SekveTebi restornisaTvis.
imisaTvis rom mimtani gaxdes warmatebuli gamyidveli man aucileblad unda gamoavlinos
WeSmariti daintereseba, yuradReba , mzadyofna daxmarebisTvis da enTuziazmi. garda amisa
ki kargad unda icodes meniu da Sesabamisi kerZebis rekomendireba.

6.7. bavSvebi.

jiuti patara bavSvebi mimtanisTvisac (da maTi mSoblebisTvis) namdvili koSmaria. isini
saswrafod unda davakavoT raimeTi_an saWmliT, an raime saqmiT. mivceT maT qaRaldi, feradi
fanqrebi, kalmebi Tu ki gaqvT, an ukidures SemTxvevaSi karaqiani puri. bavSvebis
momsaxureba saWiroa Zalian swrafad. sanam didebi sinjaven sxvadasxva SeWamands,
bavSvebisTvis SeiZleba mTavari kerZis mirTmeva.
27
6.8. rogor miviRoT SekveTebi

SekveTebi unda miviRoT rogorc ki stumrebi gaakeTeben arCevans. Tqven unda gafrTxildeT da
ar gamotovoT miniSnebebi, romlebic metyveleben stumrebis mzadyofnaze SekveTis
gasakeTeblad. ar SeiZleba valodinoT isini. mag, stumrebs SeuZliaT daxuron meniu da
magidaze dadon is _es niSnavs rom SekveTis miRebis droa.

6.9. SekveTis miRebis teqnika

imisaTvis rom stumrebis SekveTa rac SeiZleba Cqara miviRoT. aseve avaridoT Tavi
dabneulobas, mimtanma unda Caiweros informacia.
SekveTebi miiReba sxvadasxva formiT, yvelaferi damokidebulia stumrebis raodenobaze
magidasTan, da restoranSi miRebul wesebze. zogierT restornebSi aris winaswar dabeWdili
blankebi, romlebzedac saWiroa mxolod mxolod niSnis (>) dasma.
SekveTis miRebisas Tqven sami mizani gaqvT. pirvel rigSi atyobinebT samzareulos, rogori
kerZebia mosamzadebeli.(iTvaliswineba gansakuTrebuli survilebic). meore, adevneT Tvali Tu
romel stumars ra unda miarTvaT SekveTis Tanaxmad. da mesame, ise gaaformeT angariSi ,
rom naTlad gamoCndes, ra aris SekveTili da ra Rirebulebis aris es. aq metad mniSvnelovania
TvalsaCinoeba.
TvalsaCinoebis mTavari mteria_sakuTari SemoklebebiT sargebloba. Tu mimtani iyenebs
Semoklebebs, isini unda iyvnen universaluri da SeTanxmebuli samzareulos TanamSromlebTan.
nu SekvecavT sityvas erT asomde. dawereT kerZis Tundac naxevari_Tanac ise, rogorc es
Tqvens restoranSia miRebuli.

6.10. SekveTis miRebis procedura.

darwmundiT imaSi rom stumrebi mzad arian mogcen SekveTa


daiwyeT SekveTis miReba stumrisgan, romelic sufris Tavisgan marjvniv zis da
gadadiT stumridan stumarTan saaTis isris mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod.
bolos miiReT SekveTa magidis Tavisgan.
jer Rebuloben SekveTas mTavari kerZis CaTvliT.
aRniSneT yvela gansakuTrebuli moTxovna (mag:dietis dacva-ar moamzadoT
kerZebi rZeze, raime specialuri moTxovnebi, mivarTvaT kerZebi rac SeiZleba swrafad,
radgan stumrebs agviandebaT TeatrSi).
gaumeoreT SekveTa stumrebs, rom darwmundeT Canaweris sisworeSi
gadaawodeT SekveTa samzareuloSi (isargebleT CanawerebiT specialur blankze an
kompiuteriT), maT Soris gansakuTrebuli moTxovnebic.
!SeavseT angariSis blanki restornis moTxovnilebis Sesabamisad Semdgomi
kontrolisaTvis.

6.11. kontrolis sistema.

kontrolis sistema emsaxureba Semdegs:

molarisTvis informaciis miwodeba angariSis momzadebis Sesaxeb.


daxarjul produqtebsa da samelebze aRricxvis warmoeba.
aRricxvisis warmoeba usargeblo danaxarjebisa da danaklisis aRmoCenis mizniT.
zustad ganvsazRvroT menius TiToeuli kerZis Rirebuleba da mogebis dagegmva.
aRkveTo gayidvis vardna da finansuri aRricxvis darRvevebi.
kontrolis sammagi sistema-tradiciuli sistemaa, romliTac sargebloben patara
aratradiciul restornebSi.

28
eleqtronuli karebi-gamoiyeneba im dawesebulebebSi, sadac angariSs amzadebs
ara molare, aramed mimtani.
kompiuteruli sistemebi-gamoiyeneba msxvil dawesebulebebSi da safirmo
restornebis qselSi.

6.12. kontrolis sammagi sistema.

keTdeba Cekis sammagi kopireba. pirveli-samzareulosaTvis, meore-molaresTvis da


mesame-mimtanisTvis
Ceki unda Seavson garkveviT, imave terminebis gamoyenebiT rac meniuSia-Secdomebis
Tavidan acilebis mizniT-daSvebulia mxolod restornebSi miRebuli SekveTebis gamoyeneba.
Ceki unda moicavdes Semdeg informacias:
magidis nomeri
stumrebis+ raodenoba
TariRi
mimtanis xelmowera
Cekis awyoba SeiZleba mxolod mTavari mimtanis an metrdotelis TanxmobiT.
xSirad stumrebis momsaxurebis dros aucilebelia SeavsoT ara erTi Ceki aramed
ramdenime; ufro xSirad meore Ceki ivseba desertis SekveTaze. am SemTxvevaSi Cekze
zemodan iwereba sityva gagrZeleba, rom iyos gasagebi rom erTi da imave magidis
momsaxurebisas ivseba ori Ceki. meore Cekic aseve sam egzemplarad ivseba. Tu
saWiroa kerZis damatebiTi porcia, Cekze iwereba sityva damateba. am Ceks xeli unda
moaweros ufrosma mimtanma an metrdotelma. Tu kerZs SeemTxva raime
gauTvaliswinebeli an saWiroa Cekis gamowera meore SekveTaze, Cekze akeTeben
miniSnebas ubeduri SemTxveva.. aseTi Cekic unda damowmdes ufrosi mimtanis an
metrdotelis xelmoweriT. damatebiT gadasaxads stumrisagan ar iReben. es Cekic sam
egzemplarSi keTdeba.
im SemTxvevaSi Tu samzareulodan moitanes sxva kerZi, Cekze iwereba dabruneba,
kerZis Sesabamisi saxelwodebiT da aseve SeSlili kerZis saxelwodebiT.

6.13. kontrolis ormagi sistema.

es sistema iTvaliswinebs mxolod Cekebis or asls. is Cveulebriv gamoiyeneba


dawesebulebebSi, romlebic gvTavazoben mcire menius, mas winaswar beWdaven.
mimtani aiRebs talons da agzavnis samzareuloSi. masze iwereba Semdegi saxis
informacia;
Cekis seriuli nomeri
oficiantis kodis saindefikacio nomeri
magidis nomeri
TariRi
am Cekis asli angariSad gamoiyeneba.
mimtani valdebulia darwmundes rom angariSSi CarTulia yvelaferi, rac SekveTaSi
Sedioda. Tu restoranSi miRebulia rom mimtani angariSs gamowers, xolo stumrebi mas
salaroSi ixdian, maSin mimtanis muSaobis aRricxvas awarmoebs molare.

6.14. eleqtronuli sakaso aparatebi.

am sistemis mTavari Rirseba aris_sizuste da siswrafe. angariSebs aformebs TviTon


oficianti, amrigad SesaZlebelia molaris Tanamdebobaze ekonomia Sesruldes.
yovel oficiants aqvs Tavisi Rilaki gansazRvruli asoTi,, angariSebis wignaki, SekveTebisa
da angariSebis danomrili qaRaldebi, mimdinare gadasaxadis blanki.
SekveTis miRebisas talonze unda Caiweros TiToeuli kerZi da gamoartyas salaroSi, sanam
samzareuloSi gaigzavneba. sakaso aparatis gamosayeneblad mimtanma unda daaWiros
Tavis Rilakze.

29
6.15. rogor visargebloT eleqtronuli sakaso aparatebiT

daaWireT Tqvens Rilaks da daafiqsireT is saWiro mdgomareobaSi


CadeviT Ceki aparatSi
daaWireT cifrebian Rilaks, kerZebis fasebis Sesabamisad.
daaWireT Rilaks sasmel -saWmeli, rom zustad gaxdes gasagebi risTvis
Rebuloben fuls
daaweqiT saindefikacio nomers
exla Ceki gamortymulia.

6.16. kontrolis kompiuteruli sistema.

kontrolis kompiuteruli sistema farTod gamoiyeneba restornebSi, gansakuTrebiT


sastumroebSi da did dawesebulebebSi klubebis tipis.
aseTi sistemis gamoyenebisas SekveTebs mimtanebi gadascemen erTi an ramodenime
terminalebidan, romlebic ganlagebulia sarTulze. es SeiZleba iyos SekveTebi baris daxlidan
an magidebidan.
qviTrebi da Cekebi avtomaturad midis daniSnulebis adgilas: samzareulo an bari,
dajgufdeba daniSnulebis mixedviT: SeWamandi, mTavari kerZebi, desertebi da sasmelebi.
kompiuterze aseve amoibeWdeba angariSebi stumrebisTvis warsadgenad.
sistema mimtanis mTel muSaobas adevnebs Tvals. specoperaciebi, rogoricaa kerZebis
meniudan gamoricxva, produqtebis danaxarji, Cekebis amobeWdva, terminalebis dadgena
da a.S.- daculia specialuri kodiT.
garda stumrebis mier swrafi da efeqturi momsaxurebisa kontrolis kompiuterulma
sistemam SeiZleba sruli kontroliT uzrunvelyos administraciis marTva, romelSic Sedis :

administraciaSi arsebuli mevaleebi da kreditorebi


Tanamdebobrivi movaleobebis sruli aRricxva.
sabanko angariSebis regulireba
finansuri angariSis mravalmxrivoba

6.17. dana-Canglis gatanis teqnika (langriT an damatebiTi TefSiT)

servirebis langari warmoadgens patara zomis langars romelzedac dakecili xelsaxoci devs.
igi gamoiyeneba yvela patara sagnebiss magidaze an magididan gadasatanad stumrebis
momsaxurebis dros: dana-Canglebi,kovzebi da sxva patara zomis nivTebi.
servirebis langari yvelas mzad unda hqondes. dauSvebelia rom mimtans dana-Cangali
xelSi ekavos. igive funqcia SeiZleba mivaniWoT damatebiT TefSsac.
saserviso langris (TefSis) daWera miRebulia marcxena xelisgulze
marjvena xeliT iReben dana-Cangals langridan (TefSidan) da aTavseben maT
magidaze.

6.18. servirebis koreqtireba.

es niSnavs winaswar momzadebuli servirebis damatebiT Sevsabas an Secvlas SekveTis


Sesabamisad.
es procedura tardeba mas Semdeg, rac SekveTa miRebulia da gagzavnilia samzareuloSi.
magidis servirebas avseben an cvlian ZiriTadi kerZebis gatanamde.
stumrebi iwyeben im xelsawyoebiT, romlebic TefSidan yvelaze Sors devs da yovel axal
kerZTan iReben momdevnos. nel-nela uaxlovdebian ra TefSs.
desertisa da yvelisTvis xelsawyos deben mas Semdeg rac miiReben SekveTas am kerZebze.

30
moamzadeT saserviso langarze (TefSze) dana-Cangali TiToeuli stumrisaTvis yvela
SekveTili kerZis gaTvaliswinebiT , ZiriTadi kerZis CaTvliT.
daiwyeT dana-Canglebis dalageba stumridan romelic zis mTavari stumris marcxniv
da CamoarigeT saaTis isris mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod

Tu Tqven gWirdebaT usargeblo dana-Canglis Secvla, jer aiReT is magididan, Semdeg


ki dadeT saWiro dana-Cangali.

ganTavsebis dros daicaviT dadgenili wesrigi.


pirveli kerZisTvis gankuTvnil d-C aTavseben stumris TefSidan yvelaze Sors.
momdevno kerZebisaTvis d-C deben erTimeoris miyolebiT sul ufro axlos TefSTan.
d-C exebian didi da maCvenebeli TiTebiT yelze an SuaSi, yelTan gadakveTis
wertilSi , imisaTvis rom ar darCes TiTebis nakvalevi.
yvela damatebiTi d-C Tavsdeba mTavarTan paralelurad, es exeba sadeserto
kovzebsac, Canglebsac, roca Tqven magidas aservirebT desertis da yvelis
miwodebis win.

6.19. damatebiTi salaTebi.

Tu stumari ukveTavs damatebiT salaTas an is avtomaturad erTvis kerZs, rogorc garniri,


is unda daidgas magidaze ise , rom stumari moxerxebulad grZnobdes Tavs, da amave
dros magida ar iyos gadatvirTuli.(anu stunmridan marcxniv)
aseTi salaTa unda iyos momzadebuli patara zomis naWrebisgan, romlis daWra meti ar
aris saWiro. masTan marto salaTis Cangals deben(patara Cangali)
damatebiTi salaTebis morTmevis procedurac Semdegia:

rodesac emzadebiT pirveladi servirebis damatebisTvis, SearCieT salaTis


Canglebi yvela kerZisTvis, maT Soris ZiriTadisTvisac.
vamatebT ra Canglebis seqcias yoveli stumrisTvis, dadeviT salaTis Cangali
marcxniv mTavari Canglidan da mis paralelurad.
Cveulebriv damatebiT salaTebs magidaze alageben uSualod mTavari kerZebis
morTmevis win
porciuli salaTebi unda davdgaT magidaze stumridan marcxniv, Canglebis
seqciis zemoT.

6.20. sadeserto dana-Canglebi.

rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT desertis dana-Canglebi Cveulebriv ideba magidaze mas


Semdeg rac gaitanen mTavar kerZs, es niSnavs, rom sadeserto dana-Canglebi moaqvT da
anTavseben magidaze Semdegi TanmimdevrobiT:

ganaTavseT saWiro dana - Canglebi servirebis langarze da moitaneT is


magidasTan.
daalageT dana-Canglebi, roca stumrebis adgilebs Soris dgaxarT. ise rom kovzi
moaTavsod TefSis win saxeluriT marjvniv , xolo Cangali marcxniv.
desertis mirTmevis Semdgom ki gadaadgileT isini Sesabamisad TefSis marjvena da
marcxena mxares.
gaagrZeleT gawyoba magidis irgvliv saaTis isris sawinaaRmdego mimarTulebiT.
Tu desertisaTvis saWiroa mxolod patara kovzi an patara sadeserto Cangali,
maSin patara kovzs deben d-C-is marjvniv.

Tavi meSvide. momsaxurebis saxeobebi.

31
porciuli kerZebis mirTmeva

7.1. arsebobs stumrebis momsaxurebis mTeli rigi saxesxvaobani. restornis mmarTvelma


unda airCios iseTi stili, romelic Seesabameba restornis samzareulos da daakmayofilebs
rogorc stumrebs, aseve momsaxure personalsac.
sazogadoebrivi kvebis sawarmos mflobeli an misi menejerebi, romlebic erkvevian
sxvadasxva stilSi, SeuZliaT airCion romelime erTi an Seaejeron ori an sxva saxeobis
momsaxurebis stili saukeTeso Sedegebis misaRwevad(maT Soris rentabeloba)
momsaxurebis yvelaze gavrcelebuli stilia magidis servireba porciuli kerZebiT da kerZebis
CamotarebiT mirTmeva.
am da momdevno TavebSi TanmimdevrobiT aRwerilia momsaxurebis sxvadasxva stili da
teqnika. maT ekuTvniT:

magidis servireba porciuli kerZebiT (moc. TavSi)


kerZebis miwodebaCamotarebiT (langriT servisi)
damxmare magididan an urikidan (geridon servisi) momsaxureba
saojaxo momsaxureba
TviTmomsaxureba
bufetis momsaxureba
kafeteriis tipis momsaxureba.

momsaxurebis es stili SeiZleba gamoiyeno axleburad da ufro sainteresod rom miizido


stumrebi. mag, kafeteriis tipis momsaxureba SeiZleba gamoiyenon Tanamedrove
darbazebSi, xolo momsaxureba damxmare magididan_bistroebSi da patara restornebSi
salaTebisa da desertebis originalurad mirTmevisTvis. kerZebis Camotareba xSirad
gamoiyeneba did magidebTan da banketebze erTis nacvlad porciuli kerZebis ubralo
mirTmeviT TefSebze. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi saWmels samzareuloSi alageben TefSebze,
ris Semdegac gaaqvT magidasTan. CamotarebiT anu langriT momsaxurebisas kerZebi
gaaqvT specialuri langriT da gadaaqvT TefSebze stumrebisTvis darbazSi samuSao
specialuri saserviso xelsawyos forlegenis daxmarebiT.
ra Tqma unda arsebobs am ori sabaziso teqnikis variantebi. ZiriTadi kerZi, magaliTad.
xorcs deben TefSze samzaruloSi da miarTmeven TiToeul stumars, xolo Semdeg bostneuli
miaqvT did TefSze da anawileben maT stumris TefSebze darbazSi samuSao specialuri d-C
is daxmarebiT. es ar aris axali teqnika, aramed ori yvelaze popularuli teqnikis
kombinacia.

am TavSi aRwerilia kerZebis mirTmevis teqnika porciuli TefSebiT.


kerZebis CamotarebiT momsaxurebis Sesaxeb waikiTxavT Semdeg TavebSi.

am Tavis wakiTxvisas Tqven gaigebT:

samklavuris gamoyeneba cxeli TefSebis mirTmevisaTvis


or TefSad mirTmevis teqnika.
sam TefSad mirTmevis teqnika
amosadebi TefSebis gamoyeneba.

7.2 TefSebiT mirTmevis xelovneba da teqnika.

porciuli kerZebis mirTmeva stumrebis momsaxurebis ZiriTadi da yvelaze gavrcelebuli


formaa. amasTan mimtani unda flobdes TefSebis gadatanis teqnikas ise, rom ar daazianos
Tavad kerZi. TefSebis gadatanis meTodebi damokidebulia maT raodenobaze.
profesional mimtans unda SeeZlos erT jerze gadaitanos ara nakleb sami TefSisa.
SeiZleba samze metic gadaitano, magram amavdroulad saWiroa gansakuTrebiT
yuradRebiT davicvaT wonasworoba, amitomac didi raodenobis TefSebis gadatana ar
iTvleba profesionaluri stilis niSnad. yvelaze gavrcelebuli meTodi aris erTdroulad 2-
32
3 TefSis gatana. amasTan TefSebi ganlagebulia marcxena mxareze, marjvena ki
Tavisufalia. marjvena xelSi SeiZleba mesame TefSi gaitano.
magididan WurWelis gatana xdeba daaxloebiT imave teqnikiT.

yvela profesionali mimtani unda iyos gawafuli TefSebis gatanis teqnikaSi!

7.3. TefSebis gatanis teqnika.

TefSebze kerZebis mirTmevis tradiciuli teqnika iTxovs rom mimtani stumars sakvebs
awodebdes marcxnidan, xolo WurWels alageben marjvnidan. maSin roca Tanamedrove
teqnika xels uwyobs awarmoos TefSebis mrTmevac da alagebac stumris marjvnidan,
radgan es stumars yvelaze nakleb uxerxulobas uqmnis.
kerZebis mirTmevis Tanamedrove teqnologia gamovlinda imaSi, rom axla sasadile
darbazebis sivrce ufro intensiurad gamoiyeneba, vidre warsulSi, da mimtans darCa
naklebi adgili moZraobisaTvis. mimtans unda SeeZlos Tavze moxvevis gareSe dadgas
kerZi stumris win marjvnidan, am dros sxva TefSebi marcxena xelSi uWiravs. stumris
zurgTan usafrTxo manZilze (mimtani-memarcxene yvela moqmedebas asrulebs stumris
marcxena mxridan).
stumris marjvena mxridan TefSebis mirTmevis da alagebis Tanamedrove teqnologiis
swavleba miRebulia mimtanTa wamyvani centrebiT mTels mspflioSi. Tumca arseboben
restornebi sadac miRebulia kerZebis marcxnidan miwodebis tradiciuli meTodika. ra Tqma
unda mimtanebi unda emorCilebodnen im dawesebulebaSi dadgenil wesrigs, sadac isini
muSaoben.
kerZebis morTmevis Tanamedrove teqnika ar ikveTeba sasmelebis morTmevis
meTodikasTan, radgan yoveli maTgani erTmaneTisagan gansxvavebiT gamoiyeneba.
im SemTxvevaSi Tu Tqven ar gaiareT stumrebis momsaxurebis specialuri instruqtaJi,
gamoiyeneT Tanamedrove teqnika, daiwyeT stumridan romelic zis magidis ufrosisagan
marjvena mxareze, SemouareT magidas saaTis isris mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod da
moemsaxureT yvelas TanmimdevrobiT, ganurCevlad sqesisa. magidis ufros unda
moemsaxuroT ukanasknels. gaiTvaliswineT rom zogierT restornebSi arsebuli wesi
avaldebulebs jer qalbatonebis, Semdeg ki batonebis momsaxurebas. zogjer amas TviTon
stumrebi iTxoven.

7.4. samklavuri

samklavuri anu servirebis qsovilisagan damzadebuli xelsaxoci gamoiyeneba xelebisa da


majis dasacavad damwvrobisagan cxeli TefSebis gatanis dros.

gadaafineT Suaze gadakecili samklavuri marcxena mtevansa da wvivze ise,


rom is Sida mxridan gadaiSalos. samklavuri ar unda faravdes TiTebis wverebs.

moabruneT samklavuris bolo, rogorc fotozea mocemuli, ise rom xelisguli


dafaroT. es saSualebas mogcemT ori an sami TefSi erTdroulad gaitanoT.

meore dakecili samklavuri ukaviaT marjvena xelSi, imisaTvis, rom daicvaT


is, roca Tqven gadagaqvT TefSebi an marcxena xelidan magidaze gadagaqvT is.
samklavuris sxva daniSnulebaze saubari gveqneba Rvinis servisis drosac.
-

7.5.ori TefSiT gatanis teqnika.

TefSebs alageben ise, rom ZiriTadi kerZi iyos TefSze da mibrunebuli iyos stumrisken.
daimaxsovreT rom pirveli TefSi, romelsac Tqven marcxena xelze debT, ukanasknelad unda
daidos magidaze.

33
pirveli TefSi ukaviaT marcxena xelis did, saCvenebel da Sua TiTebs Soris. Tuki
TefSi cxelia, gamoiyeneT saxeluri.
Semdeg meore TefSs deben pirvelze , is neka TiTiT uWiravT , didi TiTis borcviT
da mxriswinis qveda nawiliT.
mesame TefSi Tqven SegiZliaT aiRoT marjvena xelSi , aseve samklavuris
daxmarebiT.
TefSebis gadanacvlebis dros zurgi geWiroT sworad , mxrebi gadaagdeT ukan,
xolo xelebi gverdebze, TefSebs nu miekrobiT.
Tqvens win TefSebi gikaviaT mxolod im SemTxvevaSi Tu ki sivrce SezRudulia
imisaTvis rom TefSebi stumrebis win davdoT, dadeqiT skamis ukana
marjvena fexTan, marcxena xeli ki (TefSebiT) ukan daiWireT, stumris zurgs ukan.
daixareT win da dadgiT stumris win marjvena xeliT TefSi misgan marjvena
mxridan
TefSebi ise unda daawyoT, rom kerZis ZiriTadi komponenti (xorcis naWeri, Tevzi)
aRmoCndes uSualod stumris win, xolo bostneuli_cotaTi moSorebiT, TefSs zemoT.
gadadiT Semdeg stumarTan, marjvniv rom zis, aiReT meore TefSi marjvena
mxridan da marjvena xeliT dadgiT is stumris win
gaagrZeleT procedura, da imoZraveT magidis irgvliv saaTis isris
mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod.

7.6. sami TefSiT gadatanis teqnika

Tu Tqven magidaze erTdroulad giwevT oTxi TefSis mitana, gamoiyeneT sami TefSis
marcxena xeliT gadatanis teqnika.

daikaveT TefSi marcxena xelis did, saCvenebel da Sua TiTebs Soris(rogorc ori
TefSiT gadatanis teqnika). Tu TefSebi cxelia, gadaitaneT isini samklavuriT
meore TefSi dadgiT marcxena xelis moRunul xelisgulze pirveli TefSis kidesTan,
gaamagreT is meoTxe da neka TiTiT.
mesame TefSi dadgiT ise rom is eyrdnobodes mxriswiniT meore TefSis
waxnags.
meoTxe TefSi aiReT marjvena xelSi.
TefSebis magidasTan gadatanisas, Tqvengan moSorebiT manZilze daikaveT
isini, xelebi gaSaleT, mxrebSi gaswordiT da gadaagdeT ukan. araviTar SemTxvevaSi
TefSebi ar miikraT.
TefSebi Tqvens win unda gqondeT mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu magidasTan
gasasvleli viwroa da ar gyofniT adgili xelebis sworad ganlagebisTvis.
magidasTan misvlisas dadeqiT stumris skamis ukana marjvena fexTan.
amasTan marcxena xeli TefSebiT daikaveT stumris ukan, raRac manZilze moSorebiT
daixareT win da dadeviT TefSi, romelic marjvena xeliT moitaneT stumris win
marjvena mxridan.
gadadiT stumarTan, romelic Tqvengan marjvniv zis, dadeqiT imave adgilze,
aiReT marjvena xeliT mesame TefSi da dadeviT is stumris win marjvena mxridan.
gaagrZeleT procedura, da SemouareT magidas saaTis isris sawinaaRmdego
mimarTulebiT.

7.7 damxmare TefSi

es aris TefSi romelsac iyeneben kerZiani TefSis damxmared amosadebad ( mag. Wvniani)
da darbazSi dana Canglis gasatanad.
Cveulebriv damxmare TefSs zemodan xelsaxocs afareben, imisaTvis rom WurWeli da dana-
Cangali ar Camocurdes. ( am Temaze saubari iyo zemoT Tavi 6.17)
damxmare TefSi saWiroa gamoviyenoT pirdapiri daniSnulebisaTvis. ufro xSirad masze
aTavseben wvnian kerZebs.

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Tavi merve kerZebis CamotarebiT morTmeva. (langriT servisi)

8.1. kerZebis CamotarebiT miwodeba warmoadgens kerZis gatanis teqnikas rodesac


saserviso langriT (TefSiT) stumars miarTmeven ama Tu im kerZs da Semdgom ki TefSze
specialuri xelsawyos gamoyenebiT gadaudeben. specialuri xelsawyoSi igulisxmeba
forlegeni _ gadatanisTvis gankuTvnili Cangali da kovzi, magram zogjer is Sedgeba
danebisganac, ufro xSirad Tevzis danebisgan . kerZebis mirTmevis es stili moiTxovs
mimtanisagan am xelsawyos meSveobiT saWmlis cali xeliT gadatanis unars.
profesional mimtans unda SeeZlos forlegenis daxmarebiT cali xeliT gadaitanos sakvebi
saserviso langridan, romelic mas meore xelSi uWiravs stumris TefSze.

am TavSi mocemulia:

xelsawyos gamoyenebis teqnika saWmlis gadatanisaTvis.


danebis gamoyenebis teqnika saWmlis gadatanisaTvis
pur-funTuSeulis mirTmevis procedura
ZiriTadi kerZis CamotarebiT mirTmevis procedura. (langriT servisi)
sousebiss mirTmevis procedura
wvrilad an msxvilad daWrili naWrebis mirTmevis procedura.

8.2 rogor visargebloT forlegeniT

daikaveT xelsawyo marjvena xelSi CaRrmavebiT qvemoT. misi saxelurebi unda


movaqcioT Sua, saCvenebel da neka TiTebs Soris, xolo misi boloebi qveviT unda
iyos mimarTuli neka TiTis nakecSi, amasTan saCvenebeli da didi TiTebi Tavisufalia.
xelsawyos saxeluris boloebi ar unda cdebodes xelisguls.
Semdeg gayaviT saCvenebeli TiTi Cangalsa da kovzs Soris da da geWiroT
Cangali saCvenebeli da didi TiTebis wverebs Soris, ise rom Tqven SegeZloT am ori
TiTiT Canglis aweva.
giWiravT ra Cangali saCvenebel da did TiTebs Soris, aswieT is kovzze, amasTan
gekavoT orive xelsawyos boloebis saxelurebi erTad neka TiTis daxmarebiT.
daakvirdiT rom saCvenebeli da didi TiTi ar iyos xelsawyos saxeloebis Sua
nawilze maRla.
axla, Tqven ukve SegiZliaT forlegenis meSveobiT gadaitanoT sakvebi
langaridan stumris TefSze.
langaris kididan aiReT sakvebis nawili moZraobiT Tqvenken, Semdeg aswieT is.
Tu saWmlis naWrebi, romelsac Tqven iRebT, patara an Zalian wvrilia, Tqven
SegiZliaT amoiRoT saCvenebeli TiTi Canglidan; amis Sedegad Cangali ufro miekroba
kovzs da Tqven ukeT daiWerT sakvebs.
gadadebT ra sakvebs stumris TefSze, gaatareT saCvenebeli TiTis wveri
Canglis qveS, imisaTvis rom gaancalkevoT xelsawyoebi erTmaneTisagan da
gadmoitanoT produqtis nawili TefSze.
Tu Tqven gesaWiroebaT msxvili mrgvali produqtis gadatana, magaliTad puri,
Tqven SegiZliaT gadaabrunoT Cangali da aitacoT forlegeniT produqti.
zogierTi kerZis miwodebisas, magaliTad rogoricaa brokoli sousis qveS, maTze
zewola dauSvebelia. am SemTxvevebSi ise gaSaleT xeli, rom SeZloT misi
gverdebidan aReba.
zogierTi mimtani Cangals atarebs TiTebs Soris. damwyebTaTvis es aadvilebs
kerZis gadmotanis proceduras, magram zRudavs moZraobas. Tu saWiroa sxvadasxva
kerZebis swrafad mirTmeva , romlebic moiTxovs aseve sxvadasxva xelsawyoebis
gamoyenebas, aseTi teqnika aferxebs stumrebis momsaxurebis process. is aseve
rTulad ixmareba,Tu kerZis gadasatanad or danas iyeneben.

35
8.3. danebis gamoyeneba kerZebis mirTmevis SemTxvevaSi.

zogjer produqtebis didi da msxvili naWrebis gadasatanad gamoiyeneba ori dana,


( sasurvelia Tevzis) da ara Cangali da kovzi
daikaveT ori dana iseve, rogorc Cangali da kovzi
gaSaleT isini maraoseburad, rom ufro mosaxerxebeli iyos sakvebis daWera.
gaatareT danebi naWris qveS romelic stumars unda gadauRoT.

8.4 rogor unda mivarTvaT puri

dadeviT puris kalaTa marcxena xelisgulze


midiT stumarTan marcxena mxridan
CamoswieT marcxena xeli stumris sapure TefSis doneze(TefSidan ara nakleb sm)
aitaceT puri kerZis gadatanisTvis gankuTvnili xelsawyos(forlegeni) meSveobiT
da gadaitaneT is stumris sapure TefSze.
SemouareT stumrebs saaTis isris mimarTu;ebis sawinaaRmdegod da
SesTavazeT puri yvelas saTiTaod.

8.6. ZiriTadi kerZis Camotarebis procedura

aiReT marcxena xelSi sufTa cxeli TefSebi(samklavuris daxmarebiT) da


CamouareT stumrebs, dadgiT maT win TefSebi marjvena mxridan.
dadeviT marcxena xelisgulze saserviso TefSi ZiriTadi kerZiT. ar dagaviwydeT
samklavuris amodeba.
gamoTvaleT porciis zoma TiToeul stumarze da gadawyviteT rogor miawodebT
mas(magaliTad or mwvane bostneuls Soris SeiZleba moaTavsoT TeTri Tevzis naWeri)
rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT, kerZebis Camotarebis dros mimtani stumars
marcxena mxridan mudgeba (Tu marjvnidan miudga, maSin servirebis TefSi gaxdeba
xelisSemSleli)
dauSviT kerZiani langari stumris TefSTan, (daaxloebiT 5 sm-is manZilze)
gadaitaneT ZiriTadi kerZis nawili stumris TefSis win
daawyveT bostneuli ZiriTadi kerZis porciis irgvliv rogorc gaTvaliswinebuli
gqondaT.
mxedvelobaSi gqondeT rom TefSis kideebi Tavisufali unda iyos.
garniri unda miarTvaT ise rom is kerZis gaformebas emsaxurebodes
Tu kerZi Sedgeba wvrili naWrebisagan, magaliTad rogoricaa briuselis
kombosto, gadaitaneT is patara naWrebiT. gadaaqvT ra aucilebeli raodenoba, koxtad
daawyveT kerZi TefSze.
sakvebi aiReT da gadaitaneT servirebis kovzis erTi da imave
gverdiT(marcxena). porciebis gadatana daiwyeT kididan.
iyaviT Tanmimdevrulebi Tqvens moqmedebebSi: stumrisTvis TefSze saWmlis
gadatanis dros Tqven unda gaanawiloT ZiriTadi kerZi da garniri yvelasaTvis
Tanabrad.
stumrebis momsaxurebisas SemouareT magidas saaTis isris mimarTulebis
sawinaaRmdegod. ukanasknelad emsaxurebian magidis Tavs.

8.7. sousebis Camotareba

kerZebis Camotarebisas ar aris miRebuli sousebis imave langriT Camotareba. isini


SemoaqvT calke, sousebisaTvis gankuTvnil specialur WurWelSi , specialurive kovziT. maT
36
arasodes ar asxamen uSualod sasousedan. amisaTvis sargebloben specialuri kovziT (an
CamCiT)

marcxena xelisgulze dadeviT amosadebi TefSi, masze ki sasouse cxviriT


marjvniv
miarTviT sousi marcxena mxridan.
xeli sasouseTi ise CamoswieT stumris TefSze, rom xelsa da TefSs Soris manZili
iyos ara nakleb 5 sm.
servirebis kovzi mimtans uWiravs marjvena xelSi ise, rom misi saxelo
mdebareobdes sasouses cxvirs zemoT.
sousi iReba kovzis moZraobiT Tqvensken.
moasxiT sousi kerZis porcias. mxedvelobaSi gqondeT rom wveni unda
faravdes porciis mxolod mesameds.
sxva saneleblebs rogoricaa mdogvi an vaSlis piure, anTavseben ZiriTadi
kerZidan marcxena mxares.
sTavazobT ra stumrebs sousebsa da sxva saneleblebs, SemouareT maT saaTis
isris sawinaaRmego mimarTulebiT, da daasruleT sufris ufrosTan.

8.8. rogor gadavitanoT didi an Zalian nazi naWrebi.

didi an Zalian nazi naWrebis miwodebisas, Cangali da kovzis nacvlad iyeneben or


danas. ukeTesia Tevzis.

Cangalisa da kovzis nacvlad aiReT marjvena xelSi ori Tevzis dana


ise mohkideT xeli rogorc servirebis Cangalsa da kovzs da gaSaleT
maraosaviT.
am danebis meSveobiT gadaitaneT sakvebis porcia stumris TefSze.
rogorc ki sakvebi Seexeba TefSs moaSoreT danebi.
danebis garda moitaneT servirebis langarze Cveulebrivi xelsawyo(kovzi da
Cangali) bostneulisa da garniris gadasatanad.

Tavi mecxre magidis alageba


9.1. magidis alagebisas gamoiyeneba iseTive teqnika, rogorc kerZebis miwodebisas. maT
safuZvlad udevT ori an sami TefSiT gadatanis teqnika.(aRwerilia 7.5 da 7.6.)
mocemul TavSi aRwerilia:

magidis alagebis procedura


magidis alageba ori TefSiT gadatanis teqnikis gamoyenebiT
magidis alageba sami TefSiT gadataniT teqnikis meSveobiT
damatebiTi TefSebis alageba
arastandartuli formis TefSebisa da sxva WurWlis alageba.

9.2. magidis alagebis procedura.


miRebulia gamoyenebuli WurWelis alageba mTeli magididan erTdroulad mas Semdeg, rac
yvelam daasrula Wama. Cveulebriv stumrebi saWmlis damTavrebisTanave deben dana
Cangals TefSze. magram isini yovelTvis ar iqcevian ase, amitomac mimtani unda iyos
yuradRebiT imisaTvis rom ar gamoeparos saWmlis dasrulebis sxva saxis miniSnebebi.
Mmagidis alagebis nebarTva sjobs stumrebisgan aiRoT.
rogorc ki darwmundebiT rom SegiZliaT daiwyoT alageba, gamoiyeneT qveviT
SeTavazebuli TefSebiT gadatanis erT-erTi teqnika.

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9.3. magidis alageba meTodiT ori TefSi.

daiwyeT procedura stumridan, romelic sufris ufrosisgan marjvena mxareze zis.


dadeqiT skamis ukana marjvena fexTan, daixareT da aiReT marjvena xeliT
gamoyenebuli TefSi da dana-Cangali.
gadaitaneT TefSi marcxena xelSi, ganaTavseT igi did da saCvenebel TiTebs
Soris. didi TiTiT Cangalis saxeluris bolo daikaveT, xolo daniT daswieT sakvebis
narCenebi TefSis sawinaaRmdego mxares.
dadeviT dana Cangalis saxelurs qveS marTi kuTxiT.
SemouvliT ra magidas saaTis isris sawinaaRmdegod, gaCerdiT momdevno
stumris zurgTan. gikaviaT ra marcxena xeliT (pirveli stumris carieli TefSi) stumris
zurgs ukan, daixareT da aiReT misi gamoyenebuli TefSi dana CangalTan erTad.
gadaitaneT meore TefSi marcxena xelSi, moaTavseT is mxriswinis qveda
nawilze pirvel TefSs zemoT da geWiroT is usaxelo, neka da didi TiTis borcviT.
dadeviT meore Cangali pirvelTan pirvel TefSze, da danis meSveobiT
gawmindeT meore TefSi saWmlis namcecebisagan da dayareT ukve arsebul pirvel
TefSze.
dadeviT meore dana pirvelis gverdiT
SemouvliT ra magidas saaTis isris mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod, SeagroveT
darCenili gamoyenebuli WurWeli da dana- Cangali. daawyveT TefSebi meore TefSze,
xolo dana_Cangali daalageT pirvel TefSze, da gaimeoreT procedura meore TefSiT.
TefSebis raodenoba romelic mimtans SeuZlia Seagrovos amgvarad,
damokidebulia mis moxerxebulobasa da gamocdilebaze. SeagroveT imdeni TefSi
ramdensac Tqven servisis an damxmare magidaze miitanT an maSinaTve gaitaneT
is samrecxaoSi(rogorc es miRebulia mocemul restoranSi).

9.4. magidis alageba meTodoT sami TefSi


sami TefSiT gadatanis meTodi msagavsia ori TefSiT gatanis meTodisa. gansxvaveba
mdgomareobs mxolod imaSi rom saWmlis narCenebi da gamoyenebuli dana-Cangali
sxvadasxva TefSebiT miaqvT.

daiwyeT stumridan romelic zis magidis Tavis marjvniv.


dadeqiT stumris skamis ukana marjvena fexTan, daixareT da marjvena xeliT
aiReT TefSi da dana Cangali.
gadaitaneT TefSi marcxena xelSi, da dikaveT is didi da saCvenebeli TiTebiT.
daiWireT Canglis xeli bolo didi TiTiT. danis meSveobiT gaanTavisufleT TefSi
narCenebisagan.
moaTavseT dana Cangalis qveS marTi kuTxiT.
SemouareT magidas saaTis isris mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod, da SeCerdiT
TiToeuli stumris ukan. gaswieT marcxena xeli ( pirveli stumris gamoyenebuli TefSiT)
meore stumris zurgs ukan, daixareT da aiReT misi gamoyenebuli TefSi da dana-
CangaliT (am momentamde zustad meordeba ori TefSiT gadatanis procedura)
meore TefSi moaTavseT moRunul xelis gulze pirveli TefSis kidesTan. daikaveT
is usaxelo TiTiTa da neka TiTiT. dadeviT meore Cangali pirvelis gverdiT pirvel
TefSze. danis meSveobiT CamowmindeT narCenebi pirveli TefSidan meoreze.
dadeviT meore dana pirvelis gverdiT , pirvel TefSze.
CamouareT magidas saaTis isris moimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod da
gamoarTviT TefSi Semdeg stumars.
moaTavseT mesame TefSi mxriswinis qveda mxareze da meore TefSis kideze.
dadeviT mesame Cangali pirveli oris gverdze pirvel TefSze xolo daniT
moasufTaveT narCenebi da meore TefSze dayareT isini , Semdeg mesame dana
dadeviT pirveli ori danis gverdiT pirvel TefSze.

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gaagrZeleT TefSebis Segroveba saaTis isris momarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod da
amrigad daagroveT isini erTi meoreze mesame TefSze. saWmlis narCenebi meore
TefSze gadaitaneT xolo dana-Canglebi koxted daawyveT pirvelze.
rodesac imden TefSs moagrovebT ramdenis waRebasac SeZlebT dagdebis
riskis gareSe , waiReT WurWeli Tqvens samuSao magidaze.(an samrecxaoSi)

9.5. damatebiTi TefSebis alageba.


damatebiTi TefSebis alageba ZiriTad TefSebTan erTad.

Tu magidasTan zis sami, oTxi stumari, Tqven SegiZliaT aalagoT gamoyenebuli


damatebiTi TefSebi ZiriTad TefSebTan erTad, iyenebT ori an sami TefSiT gatanis
teqnikas.
SekribavT ra ZiriTad TefSebs da Canglebs ise, rogorc zeviTaa aRwerili, meored
SemouareT magidas saaTis isris mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod da aiReT damatebiTi
dana-Canglebi. Tu Tqven gsurT gamoiyenoT ori TefSiT gadatanis teqnika, proceduras
eqneba Semdegi saxe:

dadeqiT stumris marcxniv da aiReT damatebiTi TefSebi da danebi marjvena


xeliT.
damatebiTi TefSebi dadeviT dastad, romlebic eyrdnoba mxriswinis qveda nawils
da mokecil marcxena xelisguls. amasTan marcxena xeliT gekavoT WurWeli
stumris zurgs ukan.
danis meSveobiT moasufTaveT saWmlis narCenebi pirveli ZiriTad TefSis
kididan.
dadeviT dana sxva danebTan erTad pirvel TefSze.
gaagrZeleT procedura sanam ar SeagrovebT yvela damatebiT TefSs. daalageT
isini dastad sasadile TefSebze.

Tu Tqven gsurT gamoiyenoT sami TefSiT gatanis teqnika, maSin dana-Canglebi


daalageT pirvel TefSze, xolo saWmlis narCenebi meoreze, dasufTavebuli TefSebi
daawyveT dastad mesame TefSze. ( jer ZiriTadi TefSebi , radganac isini ufro didi zomisaa ,
Semdeg ki damatebiTi).

9.6. damatebiTi TefSebis alageba ZiriTadi TefSebisgan damoukideblad.

Tu sufrasTan zis oTx stumarze meti, Tqven ver aalagebT damatebiT TefSebs ZiriTad
TefSebTan erTad. Tqven mogiwevT maTi calke alageba, da gamoiyenoT ori TefSiT gatanis
meTodi.
aiReT ZiriTadi kerZis TefSi. is gacilebiT moculobiTia vidre damatebiTi TefSebi,
da masTan muSaoba ufro mosaxerxebelia.
es TefSi TamaSobs pirveli TefSis rols. masze Tqven saWmlis narCenebs dayriT
da damatebiT danebs daawyobT.
CamouareT magidas saaTis isris mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod, aiReT
damatebiTi TefSebi da danebi, dadeqiT stumris marcxniv, rogorc zemoT aris
aRwerili.

9.7. wvniani kerZis TefSebis, larnakebisa da sxva arastandartuli formis WurWlis


alageba.

araCveulebrivi formis WurWeli, rogoricaa wvniani kerZis TefSebi, larnakebi, kremankebi


ovaluri WurWeli da a. S. Cveulebriv gaaqvT langriT. sufTa damatebiTi TefSebis xelmeored

39
gamoyeneba miuRebelia , amitomac isini dastad Segrovebulni gadian darbazidan langriT an
calke. am dros gamoiyeneT ori an sami TefSiT gatanis teqnika.

Tavi meaTe momsaxurebis sxva formebi


10.1. zemoT aRwerili Camotarebisa da porciulki kerZebiT momsaxurebis formebis garda _
mimtanisagan moiTxoveba momsaxurebis kidev sxva formebis profesionalurad flobis unari.
zogierTi maTgani mocemul TavSia aRwerili, saidanac Tqven gaigebT , Tu rogor aris miRebuli:

wvniani kerZis mirTmeva Sesabamis WurWelSi an adividualurad.


kerZis urikidan an damxmare magididan mirTmeva (vatiur setvisi, giridon
servisi)
saojaxo momsaxureba.
bufeti
TviTmomsaxureba

10.2. wvniani kerZis mirTmeva Sesabamis fialaSi an misi servireba specialuri didi
Tasidan.

wvniani kerZis WurWeli warmoadgens Rrma larnaks saxuraviT. pirvelad stumrebs miarTmeven
individualur wvniani kerZis finjans an wvnian kerZs did WurWelSi , romelic gaTvlilia
ramodenime adamianze. zemoT naxsenebi WurWeli umjobesia gamoiyeno wvniani kerZis
urikidan an damxmare magididan mirTmevis dros, xolo individualuri moxmarebis wvniani kerZis
TefSebi an Wiqebi (zogjer saxuravebiT) unda miarTvaT porciuli momsaxurebis dros.

wvniani kerZisTvis gankuTvnili specialuri didi Tasi ufro didxans inarCunebs


kerZs cxel mdgomareobaSi.

10.3. wvniani kerZebisaTvis gankuTvnili individualuri TefSebi da Wiqebi.

daudgiT stumars carieli, wvniani kerZebisaTvis gankuTvnili, individualuri ,


cxeli TefSi amosadeb TefSze marjvena mxridan.
marcxena xelis gulze moitaneT da miarTviT stumars pirvel TefSTan erTad
wvnianis Wiqa, romelic saserviso TefSze(langarze) dgas.
frTxilad gadmoitaneT pirveli kerZi wvnianis Wiqidan wvnianis TefSze.
Tu ki es wvniani Sekmazulia , anu SeuZlebelia misi gadmosxma Sxefebis
gareSe (mag, vermiSeliT an bostneuliT), dadeT saserviso TefSze wvnianis kovzi
rom misi meSveobiT gadaitanoT TefSze wvniani kerZis Semadgenloba.

10.4. wvniani kerZebisaTvis gankuTvnili specialuri didi Tasi

mobilur urikaze ganaTavseT wvniani kerZebisaTvis gankuTvnili specialuri


didi Tasi , amosadebi TefSebi , wvniani kerZebisaTvis gankuTvnili individualuri
TefSebi da Camosasxmeli kovzi (CamCa); Semdeg miagoreT is magidasTan.
(10.5.)
axadeT Tavsaxuri da daanaxeT kerZi sufris ufross.
misive nebarTviT, dadeT is Tavaxdili mobilur urikaze.
marcxena xelSi daiWireT amosadeb TefSze ganlagebuli wvniani
kerZebisaTvis gankuTvnili individualuri TefSebi , xolo marjvena xeliT , CamCis
meSveobiT moaxdineT wvnianis gadmotana TefSebze.
wvniani amoiReT uSualod WurWlis fskeridan , ase ukeT gaanawilebT mis
Semadgenlobas TefSebze.
dadeT TefSebi stumrebis win marjvena mxridan.
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Tu ki wvnians moyveba damatebiTi garniri, mas miarTmeven marcxena
mxridan, rogorc kerZis Camotarebis dros.

10.5. kerZebis urikidan mirTmeva.

zogierT restoranSi miRebulia stumrebis urikidan momsaxurebis wesi , (vatiur setvisi)


an giridon servisi. momsaxurebis es forma gulisxmobs urikaze winaswar momzadebuli
kerZis gadatanas saserviso TefSidan stumris TefSze. aqve aseve SesaZlebelia
dasruldes kerZis momzadeba, magaliTad salaTebis mirTmeva.
am TavSi aRwerilia mxolod urikidan momsaxurebis procedura. urikaze kerZebis momzadeba
ki aRwerilia 12 TavSi.

10.6. stumrebis urikidan momsaxurebis teqnika. mizan placi.

daakompleqteT urika yovelive aucilebeliT, rogorc stumris momsaxurebisTvis, aseve kerZebis


damzadebisTvis. mniSvnelovania ar dagaviwydeT araferi, radgan dauSvebelia urikis mitoveba
meTvalyureobis gareSe.

dadeviT urikaze sufTa , gacxelebuli TefSebis dasta.


aCveneT stumars saserviso WurWeli kerZebiT, romlebic momzadda
samzareuloSi , Semdeg ki dadgiT isini urikaze.
aiReT urikidan saWmlis gadatanisaTvis gaTvlili xelsawyo - forlegeni (kovzi
marjvena xelSi, xolo Cangali marcxenaSi)
porciis aRebis dros gekavoT kovzi qvevidan, Cangali ki zemodan.
dadeviT ZiriTadi kerZis porcia stumris TefSze , xolo bostneuli irgvliv
daalageT, gamoyaviT isini erTmaneTisagan
sousebi SeiZleba urikidan miarTvaT, da SeiZleba aseve calke miitanoT
rogorc es CamotarebiT servisis dros xdeba.
porciul kerZebs, romlebsac samzareuloSi winaswar anawileben TefSebze,
stumrebs marjvena mxridan miarTmeven.

Mmizan placi aris nebismieri proceduris CatarebisaTvis saWiro nivTebisa Tu


aqsesuarebis nusxa.

10.7. ojaxuri momsaxureba.

momsaxurebis es forma Zalian martivia . is gulisxmobs SekveTili kerZebis magidaze


gamotanas . stumrebi TviTon emsaxurebian TavianT Tavs . maT mxolod unda
airCion kerZi da porciis zoma . xSir SemTxvevaSi momsaxurebis es forma erwymis TefSebiT
miwodebis formas . magaliTad, ZiriTadi kerZi stumrebisTvis calkeul TefSebze moaqvT, bostneuli
da salaTebi ki idgmeba magidaze did TefSebze. stumrebi TviTon irCeven garnirs.

10.8. saojaxo momsaxurebis teqnika.

sanam saserviso TefSebs magidaze dadgamT, gaanTavisufleT maTTvis


adgili.
samklavuris gamoyenebiT miudeqiT stumrebs marjvena mxridan da
dauwyveT win sufTa gaxurebuli TefSebi dastidan.
daalageT magidaze servirebis TefSebi . TiToeulis gverdze aucileblad unda
idos saWmlis gadadebisaTvis gankuTvnili xelsawyo.
es xelsawyoebi unda daawyoT saxelurebiT stumarTan yvelaze axlos.
41
servirebis TefSebis alageba sadilis nebismier dros aris SesaZlebeli, maTi
ganTavisuflebisTanave.

10.9. Sveduri magida

am formiT mosaxurebis dros did magidaze gamoaqvT kerZebi civi da cxeli


SeWamandiT , stumrebs Tavad gadaaqvT saWmeli TafSebze . amasTan ar sargebloben
mimtanis daxmarebiT . Cveulebriv stumrebi irCeven erT kerZs , Semdeg ki sxvaze gadadian .
mimtanma Tvali unda adevnos asortiments da imasac, rom kerZebi Sesaxedavad mimzidveli
iyos.

10.10. momsaxureba bufetis meSveobiT.

aseTi formis momsaxurebis dros, iseve rogorc Svedur magidas , stumrebi maT
samsjavroze gamotanili kerZebidan TviTon irCeven cxel da civ kerZebs. gansxvaveba
mxolod imaSi mdgomareobs, rom momsaxurebis dros bufetidan amorCeul kerZebs
stumrebs awodeben mimtanebi, maSin roca Sveduri magididan stumrebi TviTon iReben
yvelafers . mimtanebi dganan bufetis daxls ukan da TefSebze awyoben stumrebis mier
amorCeul porciebs Camotarebis teqnikis gamoyenebiT. amasTan marcxena xelSi maT
uWiravT sufTa TefSi, xolo marjvenaSi kovzi da Cangali.
mimtani unda iTvaliswinebdes saerTo wess: gaanawilos saWmeli TefSze frTxilad da
lamazad.

10.11. kafe-TviTmomsaxureba

aseT kafeebSi kerZebi daxlzea ganlagebuli, stumrebi langariT xelSi erTmaneTis miyolebiT
dgebian, miiweven salarosken, arCeul kerZs dgamen langarze. Tanamedrove sasadiloebi
swored am momsaxurebis formas iyeneben . yvela zemoT moyvanili momsaxurebis formis
garda, (bufeti, Sveduri magida, TviTmomsaxurebis kafe) personalma kargad unda icodes
kerZebis sruli asortimenti, romelic maT dawesebulebaSi arsebobs.

Tavi meTerTmete stumrebis momsaxurebis sxva procedurebi.


11.1. sadilis saxvadasxva dros, mimtans SeiZleba dauZaxon imisaTvis, rom man:

aalagos (an moxikos) magididan namcecebi.


moitanos cxeli an civi pirsaxocebi.
Secvalos saferfleebi
moitanos wyali da a.S. . .

mocemul TavSi dawvrilebiT aRwerilia Tu rogor unda Sesruldes es.

11.2. magididan namcecebis mowmenda.

Cveulebriv ZiriTadi kerZis Semdeg magididan namcecebs da damatebiT TefSebs


aSoreben . Tumca amisTvis arsebobs uamravi saxis jagrisis kompleqtebi, da aqandazebi,
magram yvelaze xSirad mimtanebi sasadile TefSiTa da dakecili xelsaxociT sargebloben.
Tumca Tanamedrove standartebiT xSiria e.w. Teibl-qramberis gamoyeneba (metalis erTgvari
safxeki).

es xelsawyoebi yovelTvis aris sazogadoebrivi kvebis dawesebulebebSi.


42
11.3. servirebis langrisa da xelsaxocis gamoyenebiT namcecebisgan magidis
gawmenda.

darwmundiT imaSi rom damatebiTi TefSebi , menaJeebi da sxva ukve


gamoyenebuli WurWeli alagebulia magididan.
daideT TefSi an langari marcxena xelisgulze.
dadeqiT stumrisgan marcxena mxares da moxikeT namcecebi magididan.
daiwyeT adgilidan, sadac idga damatebiTi TefSebi.
daikaveT TefSi magidis kidis qveS.
namcecebis moxikvis dros marjvena xelSi geWiroT dakecili xelsaxoci.
nu asrulebT am dros mkveTr moZraobebs, imoqmedeT frTxilad,
mimarTulebiT Tqvensken da ara stumrisken.
CamouareT magidas saaTis isris mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod, da
moxikeT namcecebi TiToeuli stumris win Tu ki arsebobs amis aucilebloba.
daasruleT samuSao sufris TavTan.

11.4. rogor miarTmeven cxel an civ pirsaxocebs.

mravali welia arsebobs cxeli da civi pirsaxocebis mirTmevis tradicia TviTmfrinavebSi da aziuri
samzareulos mqone restornebSi. es servisi stumrebisTvis misaRebi gaxda da misi gamoyeneba
daiwyes sazogadoebrivi kvebis sxvadasxva tipis dawesebulebebSic . civi da cxeli pirsaxocebi,
anu flanelis xelsaxocebi gamoiyeneba imisaTvis rom stumrebs hqondeT gagrilebis
SesaZlebloba sadilamde da mis Semdeg . pirsaxocebs namaven da odekolons moasxureben.
Tu romeli pirsaxocia mosamzadebeli-civi Tu cxeli, amas xSirad ganapirobebs klimaturi pirobebi.

11.5. pirsaxocebis mirTmevis teqnika.

daawyveT miliseburad dagrexili pirsaxoci langarze , servisis dana-CangalTan da


e.w. Sipcebis anu orkapis kompleqtan erTad.
dadeT langari marcxena xelisgulze.
pirsaxocis SeTavazebisas daudeqiT stumars marjvena mxridan.
daikaveT orkapi an servirebis dana-Cangali marjvena xelSi, aiReT maTi
meSveobiT pirsaxocis boloebi ise rom is gaiSalos.
SesTavazeT pirsaxocebi stumrebs rigrigobiT , CamouareT magidas saaTis isris
mimarTulebis sawinaaRmdegod.
bolos moemsaxurT magidis Tavs.
dadgiT langari magidis centrSi, rom stumrebma masze daawyon gamoyebuli
pirsaxocebi.
waiReT langari gamoyenebuli pirsaxocebiT.

11.6. saferfleebi.

dRes bevr restoranSi aris zonebi mwevelTaTvis da aramwevelTaTvis. zogierT restoranSi ki


moweva saerTod akrZalulia. amotom saferfleebTan mopyrobis wesi yvela restoranSi
gansxvavebulia . zogierT restoranSi ar aris miRebuli saferfleebis winaswar dadgma , isini
SemoaqvT mxolod stumrebis Txovnis Semdeg. am SemTxvevaSi mimtanma unda
gamoiCinos yuradReba da dauyonebliv moitanos saferfleebi, saWiroebis mixedviT .
mimtani valdebulia xSirad gamocvalos isini da miaqcios yuradReba rom sufTa saferfleebi
yovelTvis mzad hqondes.

11.7. saferfleebis Secvlis procedura.


43
mimtani mudmuvad unda uvlides magidebs da Seanacvlos WuWyiani saferfleebi sufTaTi.
arasodes ar aiRoT gamoyenebuli saferfle manam, sanam ar dadebT magidaze sufTas .
saferfleebis Secvlis procedura erTnairia rogorc magidasTan stumrebis momsaxurebisas,
aseve barSic. sanam gamoyenebul saferfles SecvliT, mas unda davafaroT, rom ferfli ar
moxvdes magidaze, an baris daxlze. amis Semdeg swrafad dadeviT sufTa saferfle.

marjvena xeliT aiReT sufTa saferfle da daafareT is WuWyian saferfles.


orive saferfle moaSoreT magidas erTi da imave xeliT.
aiReT marcxena xelSi gamoyenebuli saferfle.
marjvena xeliT dadgiT sufTa saferfle imave adgilze, sadac idga
gamoyenebuli saferfle
gamoyenebuli saferfleebi unda gekavoT an marcxena xelSi an langarze
stumrebisgan moSorebiT.

saferfleebis gamocvlis kidev ramdenime meTodi arsebobs!

Tavi meTormete mobiluri urikis gamoyeneba


12.1. am TavSi Cven mogiTxrobT imis Sesaxeb Tu rogor gamoviyenoT mobiluri urika.

mobiluri urikis daniSnuleba


kerZebis demonstrireba misi gamoyenebiT
urikaze dasawyobi kerZebis SerCeva
mobiluri urikiT servireba (e.w.vatiur servisi)
mobilur urikaze kerZebis momzadebis teqnika; salaTebis Sekazmva,
momzadeba , flambireba da a.S...
usafrTxoebis zomebi mobilur urikasTan muSaobis dros
liqioriani yavis momzadeba mobilur urikaze.

12.2. mobiluri urikis gamoyeneba.

mobiluri urika anu damxmare magida gamoiyeneba stumrebis momsaxurebisTvis an


samzareuloSi kerZis dasamzadeblad. mobiluri urika SeiZleba warmoadgendes daxvewilad
damzadebuli avejis nawils borblebze, Zvirfasi xis jiSisagan, Zvirfasi CaSenebuli
mowyobilobiT kerZis damzadebisTvis da vercxlis furnituriT an Cveulebrivi gadasaadgilebeli
patara magidiT.
Tavidan Cven gavigeT rom mobiluri urikiT momsaxureba gulisxmobs saWmlis gadatanas
servirebis TefSebidan damxmare magidaze an mobilur urikaze arsebul TefSebze stumrebis
TandaswrebiT . mobilur urikaze saWmelebis momzadebaSi Sedis kerZebis momzadeba an
momzadebis dasruleba stumrebis TandaswrebiT.

12.3. mobiluri urikis gamoyeneba kerZebis demonstraciisaTvis.

mobiluri urika SeiZleba efeqturad gamoviyenoT rogorc sareklamo saSualeba. masze an


awyoben kerZebs, romlebic unda airCios stumarma an maTi TandaswrebiT amzadeben kerZs.
es Zalian mimzidveli sanaxaobaa.

yvelaze martivia mobilur urikaze Semdegi kerZebis demonstrireba :

SeWamandi
44
salaTebi
pur-funTuSeuli
desertebi
axali xili.

12.4. kerZebis gamorCeva da maTi prezentacia

mobilur urikaze produqtebis momzadebisTvis an demonstraciisTvis, gaiTvaliswineT Semdegi:

produqtebi unda iyos vizualuri aRqmisTvis axali da mimzidveli.


produqti ar unda daisvaros an daiWylitos advilad.
produqti unda iyos martivi da swrafi momzadebis
produqtebis xarisxi unda iyos SenarCunebuli gamoyenebis Semdegac.
moxarSvis an Sewvis dros produqtebi ar unda gamoscemdnen
arasasiamovno suns.

12.5. salaTebi.

mobilur urikaze salaTebis momzadebis dros gaxsovdeT Semdegi:

sanam urikaze daalagebT salaTis ingredientebs, kargad garecxeT da


gaamSraleT isini samzareuloSi.
daWeriT produqtebi wvril naWrebad.
kerZis momzadebis win gaaciveT ingredientebi
sakmazi salaTebisTvis SeiZleba winaswar momzaddes samzareuloSi an
urikaze stumrebis TandaswrebiT.
aurieT ingredientebs da SekmazeT salaTa stumrebis TandaswrebiT
urikaze.

12.6. xorciani saWmelebi.


rodesac mobilur urikaze xorcian saWmelebs amzadebT, gaiTvaliswineT Semdegi:

aiReT mxolod umaRlesi xarisxis produqtebi.


moacileT mTeli qoni da ZarRvebi
daWeriT xorci iseT porciebad, rom misi momzadebisTvis saWiro iyos ara
umetes 1 wuTisa.
damzadebamde SeinaxeT produqtebi macivarSi.
xorcis momzadebisas daaxureT mas Tavi, rom metad iyos wvniani.
kerZis momzadebas moandomeT minimaluri dro.

12.7. mobiluri urikis dakompleqteba. mizan placi

Tavidan rom aviciloT yvela saxis uxerxuloba da ar gavWimoT droSi ama Tu im kerZis
momzadeba, yuradRebiT davakompleqtoT urika yovelive aucilebeliT. aq igulisxmeba rogorc
aRWurviloba saWmlis momzadebisTvis (mizan placi) , aseve TviTon produqtebic.

12.8. receptebis variantebi

sxvadsxva restornebSi aris sakuTari kerZebis variantebi, romlebic mzaddeba urikaze.


isini gansxvavdebian detalebSi, magram safuZvlad udevT klasikuri receptebi. stumrebi
unda cnobdnen kerZs.. magaliTad salaTi-cezaris SemadgenliobaSi yovelTvis Sedis kvercxi,
salaTi-latuki , anCousebi, kubebad daWrili bekoni da Semwvari puri . xolo yveli parmezani
survilis mixedviT emateba.

45
restornis mzareulebs SeuZliaT TviTonac gamoigonon urikaze mosamzadebeli axali kerZebi,
magram aucilebelia produqtebis gadarCevisa da momzadebis wesebis dacva.

12.10. mobilur urikaze kerZebis momzadebis teqnika.

urikaze SesaZlebelia momzaddes kerZebi, romlebic qvemoT aris aRwerili. stumrebs rogorc
wesi siamovnebT kerZis momzadebis procedurac, da TviTon saWmelic. amasTanave sxva
stumrebic moisurveben am kerZebis dagemovnebas.

12.11. salaTebis momzadeba.

mobiluri urikis gamoyeneba gansakuTrebiT mosaxerxebelia, Tu salaTebis dasa-mzadeblad


gamoiyeneba bostneuli, zRvis produqtebi da xili. amisaTvis ar aris saWiro gansakuTrebuli
Zalisxmeva an dro, da ueWvelad vinmes mainc gauCndeba survili SeukveTos es kerZi .
ZiriTadi ingredientebi stumrebs bunebrivi, naturaluri saxiT unda vaCvenoT, Semdeg ki
unda davWraT isini, da SevkmazoT sousiT, garniriT an liqioriT . Tu Tqven apirebT
moamzadoT urikaze garniri an sousi maSin swored aqedan daiwyeT, Semdeg ki daWeriT da
aurieT ZiriTadi ingredientebi.

12.12. Semwvari kerZebi da flambireba

Semwvari kerZebis masamzadeblad, daicaviT Semdegi wesebi:

SearCieT Sesaferisi produqti, anu razec apirebT Sewvas, magaliTad


dasufTavebuli karaqi an specialuri bostneulis zeTi Sesawvavad.
daadgineT kerZis momzadebisTvis optimaluri dro
aarCieT Sesaferisi sakmazi, romlis dasamzadeblad saWiro iqneba
minimaluri dro.
kerZebis umetesobas, romlebsac urikaze amzadeben, eZleva aalebis
gamo damateboTi efeqti (e.w. kerZebi flambe).TviT process ki rodesac
darbazSi stumris Tvalwin xdeba xorcis Tu Tevzis kerZis an aseve desertis
momzadeba aalebiT ewodeba flambireba!
axla urikaze kerZebis momzadebisTvis ar aris saWiro ZviradRirebuli gazis
qurebiani magidebi CaSenebuli mowyobilobiT. arsebobs uamravi xarisxiani
da iafi samagide gazis qura.

12.13. kerZebi flambe

flambirebisaTvis saWiro mizan placi:

mobiluri urika
tafa
2 TefSi
CamCa
saferfle-asanTi
forlegeni
spirtiani sasmeli 38 gradusze zeviT

procedura aseTia:

aanTeT qura.
daasxiT tafaze (romelzec ukve devs naxevarfabrikati) spirtis aucilebeli
raodenoba
46
gaakontroleT rom quris ali ar scildebodes tafis Zirs.
gaaxureT spirti tafaze, xolo boTli romelSic es spiriti an liqiori iyo,
gaswieT Sors.
xli mokideT tafis saxelurs da gadaswieT ise, rom spirti Tqvens
sapirispiro mxareze Camoiwuros, moxvdes cecxls, da aaldes.
aalebisTanave, frTxilad aswieT tafa cecxlidan da frTxilad, mrgvali
moZraobebiT gaanawileT is mTels tafaze.
spirtis aalebisas ideqiT sworad, ar daixaroT moulodneli aalebis
SemTxvevaSi.

12.14. usafrTxoebis zomebi urikaze kerZebis momzadebis dros

mobilur urikaze kerZebis momadebis dros gansakuTrebiT ki flambe kerZebis


damzadebisas aucilebelia usafrTxoebis zomebisa da wesebis dacva. radganac es
dakavSirebulia darbazSi Ria cecxlis da sawvavi siTxis gamoyenebasTan.

ai is rac unda gaxsovdes:

regularulad amowmeT gazis balonebi da qurebi gazis gaJonvis Tavian


acilebis mizniT. adevneT Tvali mowyobilobis mdgomareobas
specialur adgilas, sadac iolia misvla, unda inaxebodes
xanZarsawinaaRmdego sabani da patara cecxlmaqrisaxeluriT.
urikaze kerZebis momzadebisas is unda iyos stumrebis magididan
usafrTxo manZilze, ara nakleb urikis sifarTisa. amis garda, TqvenTvis
aucilebelia sivrce, stumrebis Tavisufali momsaxurebisaTvis.

12..15 qurebis profilaqtika.


qura regularulad unda daiSalos da detalebi gaiwmindos.
gawmendisa da awyobis dros unda SeamowmoT rogor muSaobs is
ar SeiZleba gazis balonis Secvla Ria cecxlTan
yovelTvis SeamowmeT balonebi da darwmundiT rom gaJonva ar aris.
Tu Tqven iyenebT spirts, regularulad SeamowmeT fitilis sigrZe da
akontroleT misi mdgomareoba.
ar gaavsoT spirtqura!!!
Tu spirti daiqca magidaze, maSinaTve gawmindeT is.
quris gamoyeneba ekrZalebaT personalis im warmomadgenlebs,
romlebsac ar gauvliaT specialuri momzadeba.

12.16. tranSireba da filetireba (xorcidan Zvlebis gamorCeva).

mimtans SeuZlia gamoiyenos urika an damxmare magida rom gaacalkevos xorci da Zvlebi
erTmaneTisagan. maRalkvalificiuri personaliT dakompleqtebul pirveli klasis restornebSi ,
meniuSi xSirad SeaqvT kerZebi, romlebic iTxoven stumrebis swored am saxiT momsaxurebas .
yvelaze xSirad stumrebi ukveTaven Tevzs. mas samzareuloSi amzadeben, Semdeg ki stumrebis
win anawevreben am process filetireba ewodeba.

tranSireba (xorciani kerZebis danawevreba).


xorcis , Sinauri frinvelis an nandirevis daWra , uZvelesi droidan warmoadgens sadilis
tradiciul proceduras . dRes restornebSi moRebulia xorcis daWra stumrebis TandaswrebiT
specialur dasaWrel dafebze amisaTvis gankuTvnil specialur magidaze (giridoni).

12.7 liqioriani yava.

47
liqioriani yava xSirad mzaddeba urikaze stumrebis Tvalwin. radganac Zalian sainteresoa
am procesis yureba. liqioriani yavis momzadeba aris sadResaswaulo sadilis
damamTavrebeli akordi.
am sasmelis momzadebis wesi qvemoT aris aRwerili.(15.24-15.25)

Tavi mecamete sasmelebis mirTmevis mizan placi da etiketi

13.1. sadilze sasmelebi iseve mniSvnelovania, rogorc saWmeli . amitomac maT


momzadebasa da mirTmevas eTmoba ara naklebi yuradReba vidre kerZebs.

am TavSi CamoTvlilia:

Tu rogori mowyobilobebi arsebobs sasmelebis servirebisaTvis


rogor movavmzadoT es mowyobiloba samuSaod da rogor movuaroT mas
ras niSnavs Rvinis karta
rogor visargeloT sasmelebis misarTmevi mowyobilobiT.
rogoria kerZebTan Rvinis mirTmevis wesebi.

13.2. sasmelebis mirTmevisTvis gankuTvnili mowyobiloba da misi aRwera.

sasmelebis mirTmevisaTvis saWiroa sxvadasxvagvari aqsesuarebis didi raodenoba.


yvelaferi damokidebulia dawesebulebis tipze da misarTmevi sasmelebis daniSnulebaze.
mimtanma yvelaferi unda icodes am mowyobilobis Sesaxeb, maT Soris is, rac mocemul
TavSia

13.3. sxvadasxva saxis Wiqebi bokalebi, riumkebi fuJerebi

Cvens droSi SuSis WurWlis warmoebam arnaxul maStabebs miaRwia , ase rom nebismier
sazogadoebrivi kvebis dawesebulebas dawyebuli yvelaze ubralodan damTavrebuli yvelaze
ZviradRirebuliT , SeuZlia airCios WurWeli nebismieri sasmelisaTvis yoveli SemTxvevisaTvis .
48
rodesac SuSis WurWels irCevT, unda gaiTvaliswinoT maxasiaTeblebis mTeli rigi , magaliTad
rogoricaa zoma, forma, ubraloeba gamoyenebisas da recxvisas, gamZleoba da fasi. ra
Tqma unda jer amorCeuli WurWeli unda Seesabamebodes mocemul dawesebulebasa da
mis menius.
miuxedavad imisa rom sxvadasxva warmoebis SuSis WurWeli mniSvnelovnad
gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan, arsebobs standartuli, SuSis WurWlis kalasikuri formebic.

13.4. Rvinisa da sxva sasmelebis servirebisaTvis gamosadegi ramdenime aqsesuari.

uZvelesi droidan dRemde adamianma uamravi Sromis iaraRi gamoigona. gamonaklisi arc
Rvinis servirebisaTvis saWiro xelsawyo yofila . erT-erTi aseTi xelsawyoa e.w. somelies dana ,
romelsac warmatebiT iyeneben rogorc Rvinis specialistebi aseve mimtanebi.
Mme-15 TavSi aRwerilia Tu rogor gamoviyenoT igi.

13.5. mowyobilobis movla. profilaqtika da momzadeba.

stumrebisaTvis sasmelebis mirTmevis procedura damokidebulia sazogadoebrivi kvebis


dawedebulebis tipze , kerZebis morTmevis stilze da mimtanebis samuSao adgilis
aRWurvilobaze. sasmelebis mirTmevis wina procedura gulisxmobs SuSis an brolis WurWlis
recxvas, polirebas, mimtanis samuSao adgilis dakompleqtebas aucilebeli WurWeliT.
yinulebisTvis qulerebis momzadebas da sxv.

13.6. SuSis WurWlis recxva da polireba.


miuxedavad imisa rom Wiqebs recxaven da asterileben sarecx manqanebSi maRal
temperaturaze(ara nakleb 77gr) wesebi mainc iTxoven rom magidaze morTmevis win xeliT
moxdes maTi polireba.. naWris saSualebiT bzinvare mdgomareobamde unda miiyvanoT
fuJerebi, rumkebi da bokalebic, ise rom ar emCneodes TiTis laqebi..

13.7. mimtanis samuSao adgilis dakompleqteba

maRalkvalificiuri mimtani yovelTvis zedmiwevniT amzadebs servirebis danadgarebs.


zogierT restoranSi amas asruleben sasmelebisaTvis gankuTvnil specialur magidebze,
romelnic restornis darbazebSia ganlagebuli. Tumca yvelaze xSirad adgili darbazSi ar aris
sakmarisi, xolo sasmelebis momzadebisTvis iyeneben baris daxls. an mimtanis damxmare
magidas.

qvemoT CamoTvlilia sasmelebis mirTmevis aucilebeli mowyobilobebis sia:

damatebiTi fuJerebi, rumkebi da Wiqebi


fuJerebisa da rumkebis misarTmevi langrebi
Rvinis kartebi
xelsaxocebi
Cxirebi
sawrupavebi
asanTi
saferfleebi
samklavurebi
Casaweri bloknotebi
Rvinis Casaciebeli danadgari
qulerebi yinuliT.

13.8. Rvinis Casaciebeli mowyobiloba da quleri yinulebiT.

49
qulerebs yinuliT iyeneben imisaTvis rom civad Seinaxon TeTri da cqriala Rvinoebi
.amisaTvis qulerSi moaTavseT 1/3 ze meti yinuli da 2/3 ze meti wyali . aseT
qulerSi(gamagrilebelSi) Rvino 20 wT-Si miaRwevs servirebisaTvis saWiro temperaturas. quleri
unda daidgas Tavisive specialur samfexze an samagrze da aseTebis arqonis SemTxvevaSi
daidgas pirdapir magidaze.

13.9. sasmelebis karta.

samelebis karta SeiZleba sxvadasxva formatebis iyos. zogjer egreT wodebuli Rvinis
karta moicavs restornis dasaxelebis srul CamonaTvals. magram informaciis miwodebis
aseTi forma ar aris mosaxerxebeli., radganac is aferxebs arCevanis process. ukeTes
variantia : daibeWdos sasmelebis TiToeuli saxeoba calkeul qaRaldebze. es aCqarebs
stumrebis mier sasmelebis arCevis proceduras.

sasmelebis kartaSi SeiZleba iyos Semdegi saxis gverdebi:

koqteilebis karta
sasmelebis karta(apiritivebi, ludi, alkoholuri da araalkoholuri sasmelebi)
sadilis Semdeg misaRebi sasmelebi anu diJestivebi (liqiorebi, portveinebi,
brendi .....)
liqioriani yavis karta
Rvinis karta

13.10. Rvinis karta


zogjer Rvinis kartaSi aris sxvadasxva tipis Rvinoebi. magaliTad:

sufris TeTri Rvinoebi


sufris wiTeli Rvinoebi
Sampanuri da cqriala Rvinoebi
sadeserto Rvinoebi.
tkbili da naxevrad tkbili
gamagrebuli

13.11. fuJerebisa da rumkebis gadatana da servireba.

esTetikisa da higienis TvalsazrisiT fuJerebis daWera miRebulia fexiT, Wiqebi ki ZiriT. Tu


Tqven fuJerebi gadagaqvT stumrebis TandaswrebiT, maSin moaTavseT isini specialur
langarze, da Tu Tqven magidas alagebT maT mosvlamde, SegiZliaT maTi gadatana
xelSic, piraRma, gadabrunebulad, TiTebs Sua.

13.12. magidis servireba SuSis (brolis) WurWliT.

Tu Tqven mxolod erTi Wiqis dadgma gWirdebaT, mas anTavseben ZiriTadi danis zeviT
2,5 sm. Tu saWiroa ramodenime fuJeri, riumka, maT alageben mwyobrSi 45 gradusis
kuTxiT , im wesiT, romliTac isini gamoyenebuli iqnebian.

13.13. sasmelebis da kerZebis mirTmevis koordinireba.

miuxedavad imisa aris Tu ara restoranSi Rvinis specialisti, Tu mimtanebs miaqvT


kerZebic da Rvinoebic, mniSvnelovani momentia kerZebisa da sasmelebis morTmevis
koordinireba . mimtani da somelie erTad unda muSaobdnen da ar unda SeuSalon
erTmaneTs xeli. maT movaleobaSi Sedis droulad miarTvan SekveTili kerZebi da sasmelebi.
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13.14. mimtanisa da somelies samuSaos koordinirebis ZiriTadi momentebi.

stumrebs menius warmodgenamde madis gasaRviZeblad sTavazoben


apiritivs.
radgan Rvinoebs arCeven kerZebis Sesabamisad , Rvinis kartac mas
Semdeg moaqvT, rogorc ki miRebuli iqneba kerZebis SekveTa.
garkveul kerZebTan SerCeuli Rvinoebi moaqvT uSualod kerZis
mirTmevis win. Camoyalibebuli tradiciis mixedviT TeTri Rvinoebi wiTlebis
win moaqvT, mSrali Rvinoebi tkbileulis win, axali Zvelis win. magram
swored stumari gansazRvravs, romeli Rvino airCios da ra TanmimdevrobiT
miiRos is. kargia da sworad aris SerCeuli is Rvino , romlis dagemovneba
unda Tavad stumars!
SeaxseneT stumrebs rom sadeserto Rvinoebs erTdroulad desertTan
ukveTaven. sadeserto Rvinoebi tkbilia. isini avseben tkbil kerZebs.
SekveTas sadilis Semdeg misaReb alkoholur sasmelebze anu diJestivebze
iReben yavis mirTmevamde . es saSualebas iZleva miarTvaT yava da
diJestivi erTdroulad.

13.15. restornebi, sadac spirtiani sasmelebis motana daSvebulia.

zogierT qveynebSi aseTi restornebi sakmaod gavrcelebuli movlenaa. miuxedavad imisa,


rom alkoholi iq ar iyideba, mimtanebis valdebulebaa profesionalis doneze miarTvas maT
sasmelebi.

Tavi meToTxmete ra unda vicodeT sasmelebis Sesaxeb


14.1. mimtani ar iTvleba kompetentur pirad Tavis saqmeSi , Tu man ar icis produqtebi,
romelsac yidis. am TavSi aRwerilia sasmelebis sxvadasxva tipis kategoriebi. waikiTxavT ra
mocemul Tavs, Tqven gaigebT Semdegi sasmelebis Sesaxeb.

apiritivebi
samarko da sufris Rvinoebi
sadeserto Rvinoebi
magari sasmelebi
Zlieri alkoholuri sasmelebi
ludi
liqiorebi
koqteilebi
ualkoholo sasmelebi. maT Soris yavac Caic
gaziani wyali

terminTa leqsikonSi Tqven ipoviT damatebiT informacias zogierTi sasmelis Sesaxeb.

14.2. aperitivebi

aperitivi-aris sasmeli, romelsac sadilis win svamen madis gasaRviZeblad. maTi umetesoba
warmoadgens mSral sasmels, radganac swored isini iwveven madas, maSin roca tkbili sasmeli
piriqiT-madas gvikargaven. Tumca zogs urCevnia aperitivis saxiT miiRos tkbili sasmeli . kargi
mimtani arasodes ar Caayenebs uxerxulobaSi stumars sasmelebis arCevis dros , rogori
miuRebelic ar unda iyos is Tavad mimtanis gemovnebisTvis .
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14.3. yvelaze popularuli apiritivebia:

mSrali cqriala Rvinoebi


sadiliswina koqteilebi(ufro mJave da mSrali, vidre tkbili da sqeli)
mSrali xeresi
mSrali franguli vermuti
uSualod aperitivi (mpari, fernet, branka, dubone, rosso antiko)

aq iqneba saubari Rvinis Sesaxeb !

14.4. sadeserto Rvinoebi.

sadeserto Rvinoebi mravalnairia. es tkbili Rvinoebia da maTi mirTmeva miRebulia tkbil


kerZebTan. bevri sadeserto TeTr Rvinos awarmoebs yurZnisagan, romelic dazinebulia sokoTi
botritis cinerea; mcenare avaddeba, magram amis Sedegad nayofze aRmocendeba
keTilSobiluri obi da Rvino iZens gansakuTrebul aromats.
cnobil frangul Rvinos, romelic momzadebulia aseTi yurZnisagan, aqvs saxelwodeba
soterni

14.5. magari sasmelebi

magari sasmelebis warmoebis dros, masSi amateben spirts. es saSualebas aZlevs Rvinos,
ar gafuWdes didi xnis manZilze, mas Sendeg rac Rvinos gaxsnian. aseTi tipis Rvinoebs
miekuTvneba xeresi, vermuti, muskati da portveini. arsebobs sxvadasxva saxis xeresebis farTo
speqtri, dawyebuli Zalian tkbiliT, damTavrebuli Zalian mSraliT. sadilze Cveulebriv svamen
mSral xeresebs. maT ukveTaven aperitivebis nacvlad an wvnian kerZebTan.
vermuti arsebobs sami saxis: vardisferi, TeTri da mSrali.. vardisferi vermuti, maT zogjer
italiurs uwodeben, aris Ria wiTeli feris, tkbili da Zalze aromatizirebuli. TeTri vermuti aris Ria
oqrosferi, saSualod tkbili . mSrali anu franguli vermuti TiTqmis uferulia, da msubuqi aromatic
aqvs.
muskati aris tkbili magari sasmeli mdidari gemoTi da aromatiT. is aris wiTeli (yavisferi)an
TeTri(narinjisferi)
portveini aris alisferi, aseTi portveini yvelaze axali da msubuqia. samarko portveinebi boTlSi
yendeba da warmoqmnian naleqs, amitom magidaze morTmevamde isini sxva WurWelSi unda
gadavasxad (dekantireba) . portveinebis TiTqmis yvela saxeoba wiTel Rvinos ekuTvnis, Tumca
maT Soris TeTric gvxvdeba.

14.6. Sampanuri da sxva cqriala Rvinoebi

SuSxuna sasmelebSi xelovnurad xdeba naxSirmJava gazis damateba. Rvino TamaSobs an


SuSxunebs. es gazi bunebrivi gziT warmoiqmneba duRilis procesis dros SampanurSi , ris
Sedegadac vRebulobT frangul cqriala Rvinos .
Sampani- aris provincia safrangeTSi romelic cnobilia Tavisi cqriala RviniT; Cven ki vicnobT
saxelwodebiT Sampanuri . am sasmels Rebuloben rTuli procesis Sedegad, romelsac ewodeba
Sampanizaciis meTodi. Sampanizaciis yvelaze mTavari momentia boTlSi dawyebuli duRili,
sxva cqriala Rvinoebi amas kasrebSi gadian, mxolod amis Semdeg asxamen maT boTlebSi.
frangul Sampanurs amzadeben yurZnis ramodenime jiSis asambliaJisagan.

esnia:

pino nuar,
pino menie
Sardone.

52
mkacrad rom vTqvaT, Sampanuri ewodeba mxolod frangul cqriala Rvinos, reomelic
Sampanizaciis meTodiT gamohyavT Sampanis provinciaSi. Tu dayenebis procesSi kasrSi gazis
burTulebi warmoiqmneba, aseT Rvinos ewodeba cqriala Rvino Tu RvinoSi naxSirmJava gazi
SehyavT, maSin is gazian Rvinod gadaiqceva.

14.7. cqriala Rvinoebia:

briuti-Zalian mSrali
mSrali-saSualo mSrali
naxevradmSrali_saSualod tkbili
tkbikli-tkbili

14.8. magari spirtiani sasmelebi.

es aris alkoholuri sasmelebi, romelTac distilaciis gziT vRebulobT. es procesi warmoadgens


siTxis orTqlad gadaqcevas gaxurebis meSveobiT, Semdeg ki orTqlis kondensacias siTxed.
TiTqmis yvela xilisgan da bostneulisganac SesaZlebelia wvenis miReba; saWiroa mxolod
aaduRoT is da Semdeg gamoxdis meTodiT spirtian sasmelad gadaaqcioT.
qvemoT CamoTvlilia yvelaze popularuli spirtiani sasmelebis sia da maTi mTavari ingredientebi.

sasmelebi mTavari ingredientebi

viski marcvleuli(simindi, Svria an xorbali)

jini neitraluri spirtiani sasmeli,damzadebuli marcvleulisagan


Semdeg ki aromatizirebuli kenkriTa da sxvadasxva
balaxebiT

romi Saqris lerwami

arayi kartofili an marcvleuli

brendi yurZeni

tekila cisferi agava (meqsikuri kaqtusi)

didi xnis manZilze viskis yvelaze popularuli saxeoba iyo Sotlandiuri viski, magram bolo dros
burboni mas uwevs seriozul konkurencias. burboni aris amerikuli brendi, romelic mzaddeba
simindisagan. maRalxarisxiani franguli brendi warmodgenilia koniakiTa da armiankiT.

14.9. ludi.

ludi miiReba marcvleulis gamoxdis gziT. ludis tradiciuli ingredientebia alao(qeris marcvlebi
mohyavT, mere aSroben), safuari da wyali.
ludi sami saxisaa: eli, lageri da stauti. elis da lageris warmoebisTvis gamoiyeneba gamoxdis
sxvadasxvanairi teqnologia. zemo gamoxdis Sedegad miiReba eli. qveda gamoxdis
Sedegad ki lageri. amrigad, lageri ufro Riaa da naxSirmJava gaziT aris savse, vidre eli. stauti-
ufro muqi da mZimea. cnobili ginesi miekuTvneba stautebs. kasris ludi kegebSia
moTavsebuli(spec. kasrebi). mas ar asxamen boTlebSi da qilebSi.

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14.10. liqiorebi

liqiori- aris spirits Semcveli(zogjer Rvinis spirtis Semcveli) sasmeli, aromatizirebuli da


datkbiluli. aris mravalsaukunovani liqiorebic. axali saxis liqiorebi mudmivad iqmneba.
zogierT liqiors patenti ar gaaCnia. es niSnavs rom maTi gamoSveba SeuZlia nebismier
mwarmoebels. aseTi liqiorebia advokati pitnis naRebis, forToxlis .
liqiorebis meore jgufs ki gaaCnia patenti, anu misi warmoemis ufleba aqvs mxolod maT, vinc
amis ufleba moipova. mag: liqiorebi benediqtini, kuantro, drambiu, da gran marinier..
xSirad liqiorebs yavasTan miirTmeven sadilis Semdeg. xSirad ki maT sufTa saxiTac
svamen(araferTan ar ureven) liqiorebisaTvis gankuTvnil specialur WiqebSi. aseve liqiori
SeiZleba Sav yavaSi CaamatoT
xSirad liqiors koqteilebSi amateben.

14.11. koqteilebi

es aris sasmelebis narevi. ori an meti saxis ingredientebs ureven erTmaneTSi erTerTi
Semdegi meTodis gamoyenebiT.
Seiki da streini(SeikerSi yinulTan)
steri da streini(koqteilis WiqaSi yinuliT)
blendi(eleqtromiqserSi, yinulis garkveuli raodenobiT)
bildi(mzaddeba uSualod bokalebSi romliTac Semdeg arTmeven)
koqteilebi sam did jgufad iyofa.
sadiliswina koqteilebi. isini rogorc wesi mJave an mSralia da gamoiyeneba
rogorc apiritivebi. klasikuri magaliTi aseTi koqteilisa aris mSrali martini
sadilisSemdgomi koqteiliebi. isini Cveulebriv ufro sqelia , xSirad tkbili da
naRebis, mag: brendi aleqsandre.
koqteilebi long drinqi. maT SemadgenlobaSi Sedis xilis wvenebi,
ualkoholo sasmelebi an rZe-maT amateben alkohour sasmelebSi. erTerTi
magaliTi aseTi koqteilebisa aris tom kolinzi

uamravi koqteili moaqvT garniriT morTuli, magaliTad yvelaze ubraloa-limnis naWeri an alubali.
garniri harmoniaSi unda iyos koqteilis SemadgenlobasTan.
bevri klasikuri koqteili moaqvT standartuli garniriT. magaliTad mSrali martini zeTisxiliT an
spiraliseburad dagrexili limnis kaniT, maSin roca gibsoni romelic imave ingredientebisagan,
magram gansxvavebuli proporciebisgan Sedgeba, moaqvT koqteilis xaxviT. garniri iseTive
mniSvnelovani nawilia koqteilis, rogorc misi nebismieri ingredienti.
klasikurikoqteilebis umetesobas safuZvlad aqvs alkoholuri sasmeli, magram is sulac ar aris
aucilebeli. zogierTi koqteilis SemadgenlobaSi saerTod ar aris alkoholuri sasmelebi. aseT
SemTxvevaSi maT ualkoholo koqteilebs eZaxian an bunebrivs an moqteilebs.

ualkoholo sasmelebi.

termini ualkohoilo sasmelebi moicavs sasmelebis farTo speqtrs, cividan cxlamde, ubralodan
egzotikuramde. zogierTi maTgani samzareulodan moaqvT, sxvebs ki barSi amzadeben.
ualkoholo samelebi mzaddeba samzareuloSi an specialur gamosaxdel kubSi.

14.12. Cai
dResdReobiT moTxovnileba sxvadasxva saxis Caize TandaTanobiT izrdeba, amitomac
restornebi afarToeben Cais asortiments.
Cais saxeobebis umravlesoba mzaddeba paketebis daxmarebiT, maSin roca arsebobs Cai,
romelic foTlebisgan mzaddeba. Cais mirTmevis dros stumrebi TviTon asxamen maT finjanebSi.
mimtans moaqvs momzadebuli Cai, damatebiT cxeli wyali, rZe, limoni da Saqari. meti
moTxovnilebiT sargeblobs Cai inglisuri sauzme, earl grei, Cinuri da a.S...
54
14.13. yava.

kargi xarisxis yava SeiZleba gaxdes sadilis gadamwyveti damasrulebeli akordi. zogjer
swored es faqti ganapirobebs movlen Tu ara stumrebi am restoranSi an kafeSi meored.
restornebSi yavas Cveulebriv ukveTaven dasasruls, maSin roca kafeteriebSi da barebSi yava
SeiZleba gaxdes vizitis mTavari mizani. am sasmelis sworad momzadeba da gonivruli
momsaxureba sul ufro did mniSvnelobas iZens.
arsebobs yavis jiSis narevis didi mravalferovneba. yava SeiZleba iyos swrafad xsnadi, anu
filtraciis meTodiT momzadebuli, yavis maduRarebSi, perkolatorSi, plunJerSi an eqspres-
maduRaraSi.

yvelaze popularuli yava Semdegi meTodebiT mzaddeba:

Savi yava grZeli ylupi es yava perkolaciuri meTodiT mzaddeba. mas moarTmeven
rZisa da naRebis gareSe did WiqaSi . zogjer mas eqspres-maduRaraSi amzadeben da
mas qvia lungo (rac italiurad niSnavs grZels).
Savi yava mokle ylupi. es aris yava espresso, romelsac asxamen patara yavis
an Zalian patara WiqebSi . ormag Sav yavas mokle ylupi kidev eZaxian ristreto
ubralo TeTri. Tu aris espres maduRara, aseT sasmels amzadeben masSi aduRebuli
rZis damatebiT (2/3 yava espresso, 1/3 rZe). espres-maduRaras uqonlobis
SemTxvevaSi yavas asxamen did WiqaSi da umateben rZes. ukeTesi SemTxvevisaTvis
Tbil rZes iReben.
yava espresso (sityva-sityviT gamowuruli yava) amzadeben spec. manqanaSi
orTqlis wnevis gamoyenebiT. yava espresos unda hqondes oqrosferi naRebi _ rac aris
umaRlesi xarisxis aparatis maCvenebeli, axladdafqvili yava da zusti recepturis
maCvenebeli.
yava kapuCino mzaddeba espres-maduRaraSi rZis damatebiT. es sasmeli unda iyos
magari, qafiani. Cveulebriv garnirad mas gaxexili SokoladiT an kakaos fxvniliT rTaven.
am yavas uwodes kapuCino , radgan is gvagonebs beri kapucinebis yavisfer anaforas,
romeli TeTrad iyo gawyobili.
yava latte yava rZiT aseve mzaddeba eqspres-maduRaraTi, magram rZes
umateben ufro mets, vidre kapuCinos (latte-italiurad rZea) rZes ar aqafeben. es
Zalian popularuli sasmelia sauzmeze. rogorc wesi is moaqvT WiqaSi da ara finjaniT
yava makkiato _ Zalian magari yava , an grZeli anmokle ylupi is moaqvT civ
rZesTan erTad. makkiato italiuridan iTargmneba rogorc laqebiani.. yavas umateben
Zalian cota aTqvefil rZes., imisaTvis rom odnav Seucvalos sasmelis feri.
yava venurad. yavis zedapirze WiqaSi deben Zalian sqel cximian naRebs.
yava Turqulad. an berZnulad. Zalian magaria, muqi da tkbili sasmeli. misTvis
gamoiyeneba Zalian wvrilad dafqvili yavis marcvlebi. sxva receptebisagan gansxvavebiT
aq wyali ar gadis yavis dafqvil marcvlebs Soris, ufro swored wyalic da marcvlebis
erTdroulad duRs. Saqars umateben duRilis procesSi da ara mere, radgan yavis
moreva ar aris dasaSvebi, rom ar daiSalos momzadebis dros miRebuli qafi.
yava kofeinis gareSe: es aris naturaluri yava, romlic gamoclilia kofeinisgan. zogs
urCevnia yavis Semcveli sasmelebi, rogoricaa cikoris an iaCmenis sasmelebi, romlebis
ar aris momzadebuli yavis marcvlebisagan.
liqioris yava. es aris yava romelic moaqvT alkoholur sasmelTan an liqiorTan. erTerTi
yvelaze popularuli magaliTia yava irlandiurad. cxel Sav yavaSi SaqarTan erTad
umateben irlandiur viskis, xolo zemodan deben axal civ naRebs.

yavasTan xSirad moaqvT sxvadasxva saxis liqiorebi, mag: tia maria (romis)an galiano
(balaxis). aseT liqiorebTan yava moaqvT Semdegi saxelwodebebiT yava iamaikurad
romauli yava da a.S.

14.14. cxeli Sokoladi.

55
dRes Sokolads TiTqmis yvelgan amzadeben swrafad xsnadi fxvnilisgan. Sokoladis xarisxze
pirdapir aris damokidebuli saboloo produqtis xarisxic. uSualod mirTmevis win kakaos
fxvnils ureven cxel rZes (magram ara aduRebuls)rogorc wesi imave WiqaSi romelsac
Semdgom miarTmevT stumars.
barSi momzadebuli ualkoholko sasmelebi.

14.15 gaziani wyali

gaziani wyali aris Cveulebrivi wyali, datenili gaziT, ufro xSirad naxSirmJava,, romelic
mas SuSxuns aniWebs. Cveulebriv gaziani wyali Seicavs sirops gemosa da feris
misaniWeblad. sodiani wyali - es aris uferuli da ugemuri gaziani wyali. toniki, mware
limnisa da mSrali imbiris wali aris aromatizirebuli gaziani wyali.

14.16. xilis wvenebi

SeiZleba gamoiyenoT an qarxnis gamoSvebis wvenebi(qilebSi an boTlebSi), an


ramodenime saxis xilisagan axladdawuruli wvenebi, rogorica forToxali, limoni da greifruti.
wvenebi moaqvT civad.

14.17. xilis sasmelebi,

maT amzadeben xilis wvenebisagan an siropebisagan, Saqris wylis da sxva ingrietebis


damatebiT. Cveulebriv mwarmoeblebi maT eZaxian madis aRmZvrels. zogjer Cveulebrivi
wylis nacvlad mineralurs iyeneben

14.18. mineraluri wyali.

mineralurs mas uwodenen masSi arsebuli mineralebis gamo. is sasargebloa


janmrTelobisTvis.
mineraluri wyali SeiZleba iyos gaziani da ugazo. wyals bunebrivi wyaroebidan
ewodeba naturaluri. mineraluri wylis umetesoba ar aris naturaluri. maT sawarmoebSi
gazaven. gazian mineralur wyals Rebuloben sufTa wylidan, misi naxSirmJava gaziT
datumbvis Sedegad.
naturaluri mineraluri wylebi xSirad im adgilis saxelwodebas atareben, sadac
ganlagebulia es wyaro. zogjer mineralur wuals xilis wvenebiT aromatizireben.
mineralur wyals iyeneben rogorc gasagrilebel da gamasufTavebel sasmels, aseve sxva
sasmelebTan narevSi.

14.19. ualkoholo koqteilebi


(naturaluri koqteilebi da moqteilebi)

alkoholze uaris Tqmis Tanamedrove tendeciam gamoiwvia sasmelebis asortimentis


gafarToeba. maT Soris ualkoholo sasmelebisac. xSir SemTxvevaSi es aris ukve popularuli
koqteilebis variantebi, anu rodesac spirtis Semcveli ingredienti ar Sedis SemadgenlobaSi
an icvleba sxva, ualkoholo ingredientiT. mag: deva maria aris ualkoholo varianti cnobili
koqteilisa sisixliani meri, romelsac amzadeben aryis gareSe. restornebi romlebic
ufrTxildebian TavianT reputacias, Tvals adevneben ualkoholo sasmelebis asortimentis
gafarToebas.

56
Tavi meTxutmete sasmelebis mirTmevis teqnika

15.1. sasmelebi unda mivarTvaT rogorc damoukideblad, (magaliTd barSi an sastumros


mosasvenebel oTaxSi), aseve sakvebTan erTad.
sasmelebis mirTmevis stili damokidebulia dawesebulebis tipze da TviT sasmelebzec.
mocemul TavSi viasaubrebT sasmelebiT servisis standartul , sayovelTaod miRebul teqnikaze .
Tumca zogierTi sazogadoebrivi kvebis daweswbulebaSi SeiZleba gamoviyenebul iqnas
teqnikis sxva variantebic.

am wignis wakiTxvisas, Tqven gaigebT Semdegs:

rogor unda miviRoT sasmelebis SekveTa


alkoholiT servisis Semsruleblis pasuxismgeblobas
SuSis WurWelTan mopyrobis wesebs.
langarTan mopyrobis wesebs
ludis mirTmeva! RviniT servisi!
Sampanuris mirTmeva
liqioris, portveinis da brendis mirTmeva.
rogor mivarTvaT yava da Cai
rogor SevcvaloT SuSis WurWeli

15.2. alkoholis mimwodebeli personalis pasuxismgebloba da movaleobebi :

menejerebic, da mimtanebic valdebulni arian profesionalurad miudgnen stumrebis


momsaxurebas salicenzio alkoholuri sasmelebiT.

momsaxure personalis movaleobebSi igulisxmeba Semdegi:

ikrZaleba spirtiani arasrulwlovanTaTvis sasmelebis mirTmeva.


spirtiani sasmeli ar eZlevaT mTvral pirebs da sazogadoebrivi wesrigis
damrRvevebs
ar SeiZleba spirtiani sasmelis mirTmeva maTTvis, vinc moiwamla!
mimtanma unda Sewyvitos spirtiani sasmelis mirTmeva Tu ki atyobs
rom sadili SeiZleba gascdes daSvebulis zRvars.
mas kategoriulad ekrZaleba xeli Seuwyos stumrebis daTrobas.

intoksikaciis (mowamvlis) niSnebia:

SesamCnevi cvlileba saqcielSi


gaugebari metyveleba an enis dabneva
sivrcis SegrZnebis dakargva, WurWlis texva, safuleSi qeqva.
moZraobis koordinaciis darRveva
yoymani, reaqciis Seneleba
sunTqvis dros alkoholis suni
moZraobis darRveva xSirad aris seriozul intoksikaciaSi gardamavali
stadiis maCvenebeli.

situaciis arasasurvel stadiaSi gadasvlisa da stumrebis itoqsikaciis sawinaaRmdego


ramdenime strategia arsebobs , maT miekuTvnebaT:

momsaxure personalis instruqtaJi stumrebisTvis alkoholis mirTmevis dros


maTi pasuxismgeblobis Sesaxeb

57
codna imisa Tu rogor aarido stumrebi zedmeti spirtiani samelis
moxmarebas.
ualkoholo da dabali alkoholis maCvenebeli sasmelebis reklamireba.
rogor SesTavazoT sasmelebiT dainteresebul stumars, kerZebi, romlebic
daTrobis process anelebs.
Tu ki intoqsikacias aqvs adili, mimtanma unda izrunos imaze rom
stumari miiyvanon saxlSi yovelgvari SemTxvevebis gareSe(magaliTad
gamoiZaxon taqsi an sTxovoT mis megobrebs waiyvanon saxlSi).

15.3. arasrulwlovani stumrebi.

restornis momsaxure personalma unda icodes kanoni imis Sesaxeb Tu romeli askis
stumrebisaTvis aris nebadarTuli alkoholuri sasmelebis gayidva. saerTo wesis Tanaxmad
arassrulwlovnebisTvis (mozardebi 18 wlamde) akrZalulia spirtiani sasmelebis gayidva.
Tu Tqven eWvobT stumris asaks, Tqven unda mosTxovoT mas asakis damadasturebeli
sabuTi.

aseTi sabuTia:

pasporti
mZRolis mowmoba
dabadebis mowmoba
saSvi

15.4. jarima

restornis xelmZRvanelobaze da momsaxure personalzec gaTvaliswinebulia jarimebi


dadgenili wesebis Sesabamisad. Tu isini:

awvdian alkohols adamians intoqsikaciis niSnebiT


mTvrals, an sazogadoebrivi wesrigis damrRvevs restoranSi Semosvlis
uflebas aZleven da mas Tan spirtiani sasmeli miaqvT.
arasrulwlovnebisTvis spirtian sasmelebs hyidian

15.5. sasmelebis gayidva.

sasmelebis gayidva aris restornis servisis umniSvnelovanesi Semadgeneli.


baris TanamSromlebi, someliebi, mimtanebi, yvela vinc dakavSirebulia sasmelebis
mirTmevasTan, valdebulni arian icodnen yvelaferi ara marto maT restoranSi arsebuli
sasmelebis Sesaxeb, aramed isic, Tu rogor miarTvan is stumars teqnikuri da fsiqologiuri
TvalsazrisiTac.

15.6. adgili sadac sasmelebi moaqvT.

sasmelebi SeiZleba moarTvan

barebSi(rogorc sazogadoebrivi, aseve specializirebuli)


dasvenebis adgilebSi
restornebSi
banketebze
da a.S. . .

15.7. barebi.
sxvadasxva saxelwodebebis tradiciuli barebi gaTvlilia stumrebis sxvadasxva jgufebze
, sasmelebis asortimentze da personalis swavlebaze. magaliTad tradiciul sazogadoebriv
barSi Sediodnen ZiriTadad mamakacebi da iq luds miirTmevdnen. baris
58
TanamSromlebisagan moiTxoveboda minimaluri teqnikuri codna, garda imisa Tu rogor
mierTvaT ludi da aeriaT tradiciuli alkoholuri sasmelebi erTmaneTSi. magram ai
garemoeba Seicvala. axla bars ara marto batonebi aramed qalbatonebic stumroben.
barma gaafarTova gasarTobi asortimentis da sasmelebis servisi. ludis garda iq
sTavazoben sxvadasxva koqteilebsa da Rvinos . dRes sazogadoebrivi barebis, ludis saxlis,
Rvinis barebis da koqteilebis barebis momsaxure personalma ara marto unda icodes
koqteilebis momzadeba da Rvinis mirTmeva , aramed unda SeeZlos maTi reklamireba da
gayidvac.
barebSi sasmelebis gayidvis teqnika da meTodebi moicaven aseve verbalur
rekomendaciebsac , reklamis demonstrirebas, reklamebze miTiTebulul saxelwodebebis
CamoTvlas da marjved Sedgenil Rvinis kartebs.

15.8. dasvenebis adgili

momsaxurebis industria gTavazobT dasasvenebeli adgilebis farTo arCevans, maT Soris


ludis saxli, sastumroebi, restornebi, saxvadasxva saxis barebi, diskotekebi da klubebi.
stumrebi SeiZleba baris daxlidan moSorebiT idgnen da maT emsaxuros mimtanebis Stati.
dasvenebis adgilebSi samelebis gayidva verbaluri rekomendaciebiT an iseTi sareklamo
saSualebebis daxmarebiT mimdinareobs, rogorc Rvinis da koqteilis kartebi da baris
meniua. xSirad dasvenebis adgilebSi gamoiyeneba kluburi momsaxurebis sistema
(15.15.)

15.9. restornebi.

roca restoranSi yidian da miarTmeven sasmelebs, maSin mTavari yuradReba eTmoba


sakvebisa da samelebis morTmevis koordinirebas. orive teqnika unda avsebdes
erTmaneTs . restornebSi sasmelebis gayidvis teqnika varirebs dawesebulebis saxeobidan
gamomdinare, magram ufro xSirad isini Seicaven verbalur rekomendaciebs, koqteilebis
menius, sasmelebis, Rvinis kartebs da liqioriani yavis menius.

15.10. banketebi.

sasmelebi,, romlebsac banketebze gTavazoben, Cveulebriv SeTanxmebulia winaswar


banketis ufrossa da menejers Soris, romelic pasuxismgebelia am RonisZiebaze da ar
iyideba banketis dros . menejers SeuZlia misces verbaluri rekomendaciebi an SesTavazos
sasmelebis meniu, romlis safuZvelzec banketis ufrosi akeTebs arCevans. Tu is
moindomebs iseTi sasmelis SekveTas romelic ar Sedis restoranis meniuSi, menejers
SeuZlia SeiZinos is specialurad mocemuli SemTxvevisaTvis.

15.11. sasmelebis gayidvis saerTo rekomendaciebi.

sasmelebis gayidvisas gaiTvaliswineT Semdegi:

ar moaxvioT stumars Tavs Tqveni gemovneba


SesTavazeT sxvadasxva sasmelebis yvelaze farTo arCevani, rom stumrebs
saSualeba mieceT Tavisi gemovnebis mixedviT airCion isini.
SesTavazeT sasmeli, romelic Seesabameba mocemul garemoebas, magram Tu
stumrebi irCeven raime Seuferebels Tqven araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar unda
gamoamJRavnoT Tqveni ukmayofileba.
stumrebs ufleba aqvT svan is, rac undaT, da miiRon siamovneba TavianTi
gemovnebis mixedviT , da ara wesebis Sesabamisad.

mimtanis valdebulebaa Seqmnas dasasvenebeli da komfortuli garemo.

15.12. rogor miviRoT sasmelis SekveTa


59
sasmelis SekveTa unda miviRoT maSinaTve, rogorc ki stumrebi moxerxebulad
dasxdebian, iqneba es barSi, sastumros darbazSi Tu restornis magidasTan.
gaiTvaliswineT am dros Semdegi rekomendaciebi:

SekveTebis miRebisas (zepir Tu werilobiT formaSi) darwmundiT rom zustad


gaigeT stumris survili da moutaneT zustad is, rac man gTxovaT. Tu Tqven rames
eWvobT, daazusteT SekveTa.
Tu Tqven SekveTas RebulobT ramdenime adamianisagan erTdroulad ,
CamowereT is logikuri TanmimdevrobiT(mag rogor sxedan stumrebi, an sxva
miniSnebebiT) rom Semdeg miawodoT stumrebs maT mier SekveTili sasmelebi.
Semoklebebi airideT, maT SeiZleba dagabnion.
sxvadasxva dawesebulebebSi miRebulia SekveTebis aRricxvis Taviseburi
sistema. rogoric ar unda iyos igi -xeliT Sevsebuli qviTrebi, sakaso aparatidan
amotrtymuli Cekebi Tu kompiuteruli sistema Zalzed mniSvnelovania rom Tqven
koxtad da mTeli sizustiT daafiqsiroT yvela gayidva.
restoranSi Rvinis SekveTas Cveulebriv mas Semdeg Rebuloben, rogorc ki
stumrebi airCeven kerZs. sadilis dros stumrebs SeuZliaT damatebiTi SekveTebi
gaakeTon. Tu Tqven amCnevT rom sadacaa bokalebi dacarieldeba, frTxilad
SeekiTxeT sufris ufross, xom ar aris saWiro Rvinis damateba.
diJestivis SekveTa (portveini, brendi, liqiori) yavis mirTmevis win xdeba,
imisaTvis rom isini erTdroulad miarTvan.

15.13. SuSis WurWeli da langrebi .

yvela saxis SuSisa Tu broils WurWeli fujerebi da riumkebi, miuxedavad imisa sufTaa isini
Tu gamoyenebuli, saWiroa gadaitanoT maTi tarebisaTvis gankuTvnil sprecialur langarze.
gamonakliss warmoadgens mxolod Rvinis fuJerebi, romelTa gadatana SesaZlebelia
gadabrunebulad marcxena xelSi TiTebs Soris , Tu Tqven aservirebT magidas stumrebis
mosvlamde.(13.11) SuSis WurWeli yovelTvis geWiroT an Wiqis fskeriT an bokalis fexiT,
magram araviTar SemTxvevaSi yelTan.

15.14. sasmelebis miwodeba langariT.

sasmelebisaTvis gankuTvnili langari gadaaqvT naxevradmoRunuli oTxi TiTis boloebze, rac


mimtans wonosworobis dacvis saSualebas aZlevs, avsebs is langars WiqebiT Tu acarielebs
mas. stumrebisTvis langaridan Wiqebis mirTmevisas mimtans is marcxena xelSi uWiravs
stumris ukan, marjvena xeliT ki dgams Wiqas marjvniv.(5.9-13.11).

15.15 klubis tipis momsaxureba.

aseTi formis momsaxureba miRebulia mxolod umaRlesi kategoriis koqteil-barebSi da


dasasvenebel adgilebSi. es aris umaRlesi momsaxurebis forma, romelic moiTxovs
gansakuTrebul yuradRebas detalebisadmi. magidaze (zogjer ki baris daxlze) yoveli stumris
win fenen xelsaxocs, misken mimarTuli klubis logoTi. es xelsaxocebi gamoiyeneba rogorc
bokalebis safenebic. spirtianTan narevi sasmelebi moaqvT bokalebSi. Sodiani wyali ,
toniki da a.S. moaqvT patara boTlebSi, da maT marjvniv dgamen, ise rom stumrebs Tavisi
survilis Sesabamisad SeeZloT dasxma. luds da Rvinos boTlebidan asxams mimtani.
kluburi momsaxurebis dros arc erTi sasmeli ar iyideba CamosxmiT. Cveulebriv magidaze
dgamen patara larnaks TxiliT (an sxv.) , es aris aucilebeli ufaso danamati sasmelze .

15.16. ludis mirTmeva.

60
ludi, gansakuTrebiT ki is saxeoba romelsac patara boTlebSi uSveben, pirdapir idgmeba
magidaze. banketebze xSirad gamoiyeneba ufro originaluri tipis boTlebi da kasrebi.
patara da didi boTlebis misarTmevad sargebloben momsaxurebis sxvadasxva teqnikas.

15.17. patara ludis boTlebi

ludis patara boTlebis magidaze mIrTmevis procedura Semdegi saxisaa:

moitaneT magidasTan ludis sufTa , civi kaTxa da gaxsnili boTli langariT.


mirTmevisas langari geWiroT marcxena xelSi stumris ukan.
aiReT Wiqa marjvena xeliT ZirSi da dadeT is stumris win marjvena mxares.
aiReT marjvena xeliT boTli ise, rom stumarma kargad dainaxos etiketi.
daasxiT ludi WiqaSi romelic magidaze dgas, ise rom siTxis nakadi iRvrebodis
stumrisgan WurWlis mopirdapire kideze. daasxiT nela, rom warmoiqmnas qafi.
gaagrZeleT sanam Wiqa ar Seivseba, xolo qafi ar warmoqmnis erTgvar
quds.
Tu boTlSi darCa ludi, datoveT is stumrisagan marjvena mxares, etiketiT
misken.

15.18 ludis didi boTlebi.

ar gadaitanoT didi ludis boTlebi langariT. langarze bokalebi da kaTxebi miitaneT da


dadgiT stumrebis win, rogorc es aRwerilia zemoT. Semdeg moitaneT gaxsnili boTli.
daikaveT is etiketiT stumrisaken. CamoasxiT ludi WiqebSi iseve, rogorc patara boTlebidan
aris miRebuli. SeZlebisdagvarad ecadeT rom magidaze ar darCes carieli boTlebi.

RviniT servisi. (es Tema iqneba ganxiluli Semdeg wignSi)


15.19. liqiori, portveini, brendi anu diJestivi .

Lliqiorebs, portveinebs da maRali xarisxis brendis, (Cveulebriv koniaks, an da zigjer


armaniaks) rogorc wesi miarTmeven sadilis an vaxSmis dasasruls yavasTan erTad. mimtans
SeuZlia is TviTon SesTavazos an miarTvas tkbilisa da desertis Semdeg sasmelebis karta.
Cveulebriv aseT sasmelebs asxamen winaswar riumkebSi, xolo Semdeg isini miaqvT
magidaze langariT. zogierT restoranSi boTli pirdapir magidaze idgmeba, xolo Semdeg
avseben an specialuri urikidan emsaxurebian.

15.20. rogor SevcvaloT SuSis WurWeli.

bokalebsa da fuJerebs ar cvlian sanam stumrebi erTi saxis Rvinos miirTmeven.


maSinac Tu mimtans ramodenime boTli gamoaqvs. rTqma unda Tu ki stumrebi iTxoven
SuSis WurWlis gamocvlas, maTi Txovna kmayofildeba. Tu ki stumrebi sxva saxis Rvinos
ukveTaven, mimtani valdebulia Secvalos bokalebi.
SearCieT Sesaferisi bokalebi. ama Tu im RvinosTan. ( magaliTad SuSxuna RvinisTvis
gamodgeba Sampaniuris fleitebi) da miitaneT is langariT magidasTan. daalageT isini
magidaze pirveli bokalidan odnav moSorebiT, 45 gradusis daqanebaze. rogorc ki stumrebi
Rvinos pirveli bokalidan Sesvamen, moaSoreT isini. gasovdeT rom bokalebic da
riumkebic uWiravT mxolod fexebiT, miuxedavad imisa mogaqvT Tqven isini maT
magidaze, Tu piriqiT. diJestivebi-liqiori, portveini da sadilisSemdgomi koqteilebi unda
miarTvaT sufTa riumkebSi da bokalebSi.

15.21. yava da Cai.

yavisa da Cais magidaze mirTmeva SeiZleba varirebdes dawesebulebis tipis,servisis


stilisa da aRWurvilobis Sesabamisad.

61
yavisa da Cais mirTmevis momzadeba SemdegSi mdgomarepobs:

miiReT SekveTa.
dadgiT magidaze rZe, Saqari, da Tu saWiroa, limoni da naRebi. es
yvelaferi SeiZleba amosadeb TefSze daawyoT. SeamowmeT rom
saSaqresTan morTmeuli iyos sufTa kovzi.
dadeviT TiToeul stumarTan finjani da TefSi da Cais kovzi.
Tu yava da Cai yveliT an desertiT moaqvT, rogorc sakvebis miRebis
calke wesi, finjansa da TefSs dgamen ZiriTadi TefSidan marjvniv. Tu Cais an
yavas sadilis bolos moarTmeven, mas Semdeg rac aalageben magidas,
finjansa da TefSs pirdapir stumarTan dgamen.
finjani uynda iyos motrialebuli saxeluriT marjvniv, xolo Cais kovzi
finjanze 45 gr kuTxiT.

15.22. Cai.

Cais morTmevis rituali uflebas aZlevs stumrebs TviTon daisxan is. moitaneT amosadeb
TefSze dasayenebeli Cai, Cai mduRareTi, saceri da patara xelsaxoci.
sacers da xelsaxocs yvela restoranSi ar iZlevian. Tu Cais dasayeneblad paketebs
iyeneben, maSin saceri ar aris saWiro. xelsaxoci ki saWiroa imisaTvis rom miT gekavoT
Caidani Camosxmis dros.
amosadeb TefSs stumridan marjvniv deben ise, rom orive Caidanis saxelo stumrisken iyos
mimarTuli.

15.23. yava.

yavis momzadeba da mirTmeva damokidebulia yavis jiSze. wina TavSi(14.13) aRwerili


iyo receptebis mTeli rigi. magram rogoric ar unda iyos yava, sasmeli ar unda
aRmoCndes ugemuri, Txevadi, stumrebis umravlesobas urCevnia magari aromatuli yava
da mxolod stumrebis mcire nawils SeuZlia msubuqi sasmelis SekveTa. vinc svams Sav
yavas, gansakuTrebiT ki Sav espresosmokle ylupi(italiana) yuradRebas aqcevs, rom yava
iyos umaRlesi xarisxis, magari da aromatuli. Tu yava Zalian magaria, yovelTvis
SesaZlebelia misi gaxsna. da Tu is msubuqia, Txevadi,, misi gamagreba dauSvebelia.
gamonaklisia yava, romelic Cven plunJeriT davamzadeT. sasmelis simagre, aseve misi
aromatic da gemo damokidebulia wylis raodenobaze, rac naklebia wyali, miT ufro magari
da mdidaria yavis gemoc.
kargi yava mniSvnelovania Tanamedrove barebisa da kafeteriebisaTvis. Cveulebriv mas
amzadeben eqspres- yavis maduRarebSi. yvela aparati sxvadasxvagvarad muSaobs.
magram warmateba nebismier SemTxvevaSi damokidebulia Semdeg komponentebze:

axali yava
cxeli Wiqebi
aparatis brwyinvale samuSao mdgomareoba.
kargi yavis SegrZnebis unari.

yava espresso Tu mas awodeben Savs, patara finjanebSi, unda hqondes naRebis qafi,
oqrosfer-moyavisfro feris. es aris niSani kargi, muSa aparatisa, axlad dafqvili yavisa da
recepturis mkacri dacvisa. asxvaveben espreso mokle ylupis or saxeobas-franguli da
italiuri. franguli varianti ufro msubuqia, mas asxamen yavis WiqaSi naxevramde an
yvelaze patara WiqaSi savses. italiuri yavis varianti Zalian magaria, mas asxamen yavis
WiqaSi naxevarze naklebs.
yavisa da rZis Tanafardoba ganasxvavebs yavalates kapuCinosagan. yava lateSi rZe
metia vidre yava. misi miomzadebisas manqanaSi yrian ufro nakleb yavas vidre es
kapuCinos Wirdeboda. Wiqas an bokalss avseben , Semdeg ki umateben cxel rZes. yava
late-s ufro xSirad asxamen bokalebSi da ara WiqebSi.
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kapuCinos momzadebisas aseve saWiroa yavisa da rZis Tanafardobis dacva. moamzadeT yava
mkacrad receptiT (an Tqveni gamocdili kolegebis rCeviT). daasxiT is yavis WiqaSi daaxloebiT
1/3, Semdeg daamateT aqafebuli rZe. kargi kapuCinos saidumlo aris ara karg qafSi, aramed
yavisa da rZis raodenobis TanafardobaSi. kargi kapuCino unda iyos magari, rZiani, aTqvefili
naRebiT.
gaxsovdeT, rom cxeli rZe ar iTqvifeba. qafs vRebulobT, roca cxel haers atareben civ rZeSi, da
procesSi aaduReben.
kapuCinos asxamen Cveulebriv WiqebSi, iSviaTad bokalebSi, rogorc latte. gaxexili Sokoladis
garniri, romelsac kapuCinos ayrian, sasurvelia magram araa aucilebeli.

15.24. yavis mirTmeva.

Cveulebriv yavas asxams mimtani. gamonakliss warmoadgens mxolod yava espresso da is


momenti, roca stumrebi mTlianad sayaves iTxoven magidasTan.
yavis mirTmevisas mimtani dgas stumrisaganan marjvniv . Tu sayaves mokle cxviri
aqvs, Wiqa miitaneT masTan. Tu sayaves didi cxviri aqvs da frTxilad dasxmis saSualebas
iZleva, Wiqas Tavis adgilze toveben da masSi yavas asxamen.
yavisa da Cais momzadebac da mirTmevac SesaZlebelia urikidan. Tu stumrebi apireben
Cais smas an yava-bankets, urika metad saWiro iqneba.(10.5. 10.6. 12) gansakuTrebiT
mosaxerxebelia urikaze liqioriani yavis momzadeba(15.26. 15.29)

15.25 cxeli Sokoladi

cxeli Sokoladi Cveulebriv moaqvT WiqebSi, xolo amzadeben mas samzareuloSi an barSi. ar
aris miRebuli Caidanidan misi magidaze Camosxma.

15.26 liqioriani yava.

restoranSi sadils gansakuTrebuli Sarms aniWebs liqioriani yava. Tu is sworad momzaddeba da


moirTmeva, es ara marto sasiamovno STabeWdilebas moaxdens stumrebze, aramed kidev
sxvebSic gamoiwvevs SekveTis survils. martivi momzadebis wesi da brwyinvale STabeWdileba
urikaze Tu baris daxlTan - gansakuTrebiT mimzidvels xdis liqioriani yavis momzadebas
stumrebis TandaswrebiT.
yavis liqiorTan damzadeba ar aris rTuli procesi,, romlis momzadebis Sedegad vRebulobdT
brwyinvale Sav sasmels axali civi naRebiT_efeqtur kontrasts Savze TeTrisa.
yava liqoiriT esTetikur siamovnebas aniWebs ara marto Tavisi garegnuli SesaxedaobiT,
amavdroulad es aris aromatizirebuli da Zalian gemrieli sasmeli. cxeli liqioriani yavis gemo civi
naRebis fenebs Soris iwvevs gansakuTrebul SegrZnebas. Tu Tqven survili gaqvT moamzadoT
maRalxarisxiani sasmeli, gaiTvaliswineT rom ar aris saWiro naRebis arc aTqvefa, arc gamodena
qilidan.
Tumca sxvadasxva dawesebulebebSi arsebobs receptebis momzadebis Tavisi wesebi da is ki
ara sxvadasxva liqoiriani yavebis sakuTari dasaxelebebi, mainc Tu Tqven gsurT miiRoT
brwyinvale liqioriani yava, mkacrad daicaviT recepturis martivi momzadebis wesi.

liqioriani yavis momzadeba.

airCieT Sesaferisi bokalebi. umjobesia gamWvirvale, ubralo SuSisagan, fexze an


saxeloTi.
CaasxiT masSi 30 ml stumris mier arCeuli liqiori an spirtiani sasmeli.
damatebiTi efeqtisaTvis liqiori SeiZleba SevaTboT spirtian gamaTbobelze da
avanTod bokalSi Casxmamde. vasxamT liquors spirtiani gamacxeleblidan.
CaumateT Saqari Tu es saWiroa.
daasxiT bokalebSi Savi cxeli yava, romelic momzadebulia perkoliaciis meTodiT an
filtraciis meTodiT. bokalebs avseben 1,5 sm rCeba carieli.
aurieT sasmels.
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axali naRebi mourieT 3 wm manZilze SeikerSi, rom odnav JangbadiT
gavamdidroT.
frTxilad CamoasxiT civi gaziani naRebi bokalSi, xolo kovzi amodeT yavis zedapirze.
naRebis fena unda iyos 1.sm.
amoiReT kovzi da miawodeT sasmeli stumrebs.

saferfleebi.

mimtanma, romelic sasmelebs awodebs, unda adevnos Tvalyuri imasac, rom stumrebis
saferfleebi iyos sufTa. maTi gamocvla saWiroa xSirad, aucileblobis Sesabamisad. saferfleebis
Secvlis teqnikaze ixileT 11.6. da 11.7.

Tavi meTeqvsmete dilis, vaxSmis damasrulebeli procedurebi


Cven ukve gavamaxvileT Tqveni yuradReba imaze, Tu ramdenad
mniSvnelovania stumrebis daxvedra, aseve Tu rogor SesTavazoT maT sadilis dros
profesionaluri momsaxureba. Tumca amiT jer kidev yvelaferi ar aris dasrulebuli. ara naklebi
mniSvneloba aqvs maTi miRebis damTavrebas.
mocemuli Tavidan Tqven gaigebT rogor unda :

moamzadoT da miarTvaT angariSi


miiRoT gadasaxadi
miiRoT Cai e.w. Tif (damatebiTi fuli)
daemSvidoboT stumrebs
aalagoT magida, moawesrigoT is stumrebis wasvlis Semdeg .

16.1. angariSis momzadeba da misi miwodebis forma.

angariSis momzadebisa da miwodebis procedura yovel restorans Tavisi aqvs. dawyebuli


xeliT Svsebuli qaRaldiT, damTavrebuli maRali teqnologiuri kompiuteruli sistemebiT. angariSis
gaformeba or mizans isaxavs: miawodos stumars informacia angariSis Sesaxeb(detalebSi) da
Seasrulos kontrolis sistemis roli restoranisTvis. imisaTvis rom kontrolis sistemam imuSaos
efeqturad, mmarTvelobam unda Caataros instruqtaJi axal muSakebTan, sanam isini
Seudgebian stumrebis momsaxurebas. angariSis wardgena SesaZlebelia magidasTan, barSi an
salarosTan. ganurCevlad adgilisa, angariSi unda mivawodoT misi moTxovnisTanave. is
yovelTvis unda iyos winaswar momzadebuli, Tumca es yovelTvis ar aris SesaZlebeli.
gansakuTrebiT im SemTxvevaSi Tu sasmelebi SemoaqvT uSualod stumrebis gasvlamde.

16.2. angariSis mirTmeva.

mimntani unda iyos frTxilad da ar gauSvas momenti, rodesac stumrebi moisurveben


angariSis miRebas. araferia iseTi gamaRizianebeli, rogorc mimtanis iZulebiTi lodini
angariSis gasagebad. gansakuTrebiT saqmiani lanCis dros. bevri perspeqtiuli restorani
kargavs stumars, da ixveWs nelad momsaxure dawesebulebis saxels. xSir SemTxvevaSi ki
es xdeba swored dagvianebuli angariSis da ara kerZebis da sasmelebis nelad miwodebis
gamo.
saerTo wesi Semdegia:
angariSis miwodeba ar aris saWiro, sanam amis Sesaxeb ar getyvian. Tumca
zogierT restoranSi, romlebic specializirdebian swraf momsaxurebaze , angariSis dadeba
jer kidev sadilis dasrulebamdea miRebuli.
64
Tu angariSi ideba magidaze, mas magidis ufros udeben win. (an mas,vinc
moiTxova angariSi) patara TefSze marjvniv.
angariSs deben ise, rom saerTo angariSi ar Candes sxva stumrebisTvis, an
specialur saqaRaldeSi e.w.paspartu
Tu stumrebs Soris ar aris magidis ufrosi, angariSs deben magidis SuaSi.
barSi angariSi unda mivarTvaT TefSze dakecilad an specialur papkaSi.
Tu dawesebulebaSi miRebulia sadilis safasuris salaroSi gadaxda, drbazidan
gasvlis dros, gaafrTxileT stumrebi amis Sesaxeb, raTa airidon gaugebrobebi Tanxis
gadauxdelobasTan dakavSirebiT
nu dastrialebT Tavs stumrebs gadaxdis lodinSi. moeSviT maT. isini ueWvelad
gadaixdian, roca CaTvlian amas saWirod. magram iyaviT yuradRebiT, mas Semdeg rac
isini gaaasworeben angariSs,
nu aiZulebT elodon rodis aiRebT Tqven Ceks.

16.3 angariSsworebis forma da procedurebi.

sazogadod miRebuli angariSsworebis meTodebi gulisxmobs naRd fuls, sakredito baraTebs,


Cekebs, talonebs kvebaze da angariSis Caweras. Tqven unda icodeT angariSsworebis yvela
forma, gansakuTrebiT ki is, romelic Tqvens dawesebulebaSia miRebuli.
angariSsworeba naRdi fuliT ufro iolia, Tqvengan miTxoveba mxolod angariSis warmodgena da
xurdis micema.

16.4. sakredito baraTebi.

kreditebiT angariSsworebis procedura


yovel restorans Tavisi aqvs. mas Semeg rac stumari angariSze dadebs Tavis sakredito baraTs,
Tqven unda aiRoT is da pirvel rigSi SeamowmoT:

Rebulobs Tu ara Tqveni restorani aseTi tipis baraTebs.


naRdia Tu ara is.(iricxeba masze fuli Tu ara)
xelmowerilia Tu ara is.

kompaniebi, romlebic sakredito baraTes warmoadgenen, adgenen egreT wodebul limits


maTTvis, vinc maT sakredito barTebs Rebulobs. nebismieri Tanxa, romelsac sakredito baraTiT
faraven, da gadasulia dasaSveb limits, unda iqnes dadasturebuli kompaniis mier. Tu Tanxa
dadgenil limitze metia, maSim an mimtanma an molarem unda darekos kompaniaSi Tanxmobis
asaRebad. Tqven unda icodeT Tqveni dawesebulebis limitis raodenoba.
satelefono saubris dros gqondeT xelSi baraTi, rom waikiTxoT misi nomeri da moqmedebis
vada. Tqven aseve gkiTxaven Tqveni restoranis angariSis nomers, amitomac isic unda
gqondeT axlos. sakredito baraTiT gadaxda gulisxmobs tradiciulad qviTrebis xeliT Sevsebas, an
mis gatarebas eleqtro aparatSi, romelzec xels awers stumari. Sevsebisas Cveulebriv saboloo
Tanxas ar weren, rom miscen saSualeba stumars Seamowmos angariSi da daumatos fuli, Tu
moisurvebs. roca darwmundebiT, rom stumarma garkveviT Cawera saboloo Tanxa, da
SeadarebT xelmoweras qviTarzec da baraTzec, mas ubruneben stumars an
gadabrunebulad, an angariSebis saqaRaldeSi . Cekebi bevr restoranSi ar miiReba. iq, sadac
maT Rebuloben, iTxoven damatebiT piradobis mowmobas, an misi gadaxdisunarianobis
kidev kidev ufro mtkice dadasturebas.
imoqmedeT restoranSi arsebuli wesebis mixedviT, romelSic aRwerilia, Tu rogor unda
moiqceT Tu ki stumari gaZlevT Ceks.
talonebs iZlevian ukve gadaxdil sauzmeze, sadilsa da vaxSamze. maT Rebuloben fulis
nacvlad.

Cawera angariSze.

sanam stumari miiRebs Tanxmobas gaakeTos angariSi sadilis gadaxdaze, man es


restornis adminiatraciasTan unda SeaTanxmos, mimtanma unda Seadaros Casawer wignSi
gakeTebuli xelmowera, Tu es xdeba sastumroSi, Seamowmos emTxveva Tu ara stumris

65
gvari misi oTaxis nomers. yvelas Tavisi wesi aqvs. mimtanebi valdebulni arin mkacrad
daemorCilon maT.

16.5. Tif anu e.w. Cai.

es aris jildo gansakluTrebiT kargi momsaxurebisaTvis, isini ar SeiZleba CavuTvaloT


stumrebs rogorc valdebuleba. ar arsebobs mkacrad dadgenili raodenoba. ar elodoT Cais,
da miT umetes ar miaxvedroT amis Sesaxeb. Tu stumari ixdis naRdi fuliT, yovelTvis
srulad daubruneT xurda., iSviaTi SemTxvevebis gamonaklisiT, rodesac stumari TviTon
garkveviT gagebinbT, rom xurdaSi Sedis Caic. arasodes ar moiqceT ise rom stumari
aRmoCndes misTvis damamcirebel situacaSi, rom mas unda moeca TqvenTvis ufro meti da
yofiliyo metad xelgaSlili. Tu Tqven ase moiqceviT, darwmunebuli iyaviT rom meored isini
arasodes SemoaReben Tqveni restornis karebs. gaxsovdeT, rom mimtans ara aqvs Cai-
ze aranairi ufleba. zogierT restoranSi miRebulia yvela Cai saerTo qvabSi grovdebodes.
mxolod amis Semdeg danawildes momsaxure personals Soris. sxva restornebSi yovel
mimtans Tavisi Cai rCeba.

16.6. stumrebTan mopyrobis wesebi.

ukanaskneli STabeWdilebebi, romelsac Rebuloben stumrebi wasvlis dros, aris ara nakleb
mniSvnelovani vidre miRebis pirveli STabeWdileba. damSvidobeba unda iyos Tbili da
megobruli da rac SeiZleba ufro piraduli. Tu Tqven ara xarT Zalian dakavebuli stumrebis
momsaxurebiT, gamoiCineT yuradReba wamsvlelebis mimarT:
SedgiT skamebi da moexmareT piradi nivTebis alagebaSi (SeaxseneT paltos,
qudis CanTebis Sesaxeb)
SesTavazeT taqsis gamoZaxeba.
Tu Tqven fizikurad ar SegiZliaT am niSnebis gamomJRavneba sxva stumrebis
momsaxurebis gamo, Tavi dauqnieT da gauRimeT maT.
SeZlebisdagvarad usurveT maT saRamo mSvidobisa da madloba
gadauxadeT mosvlisTvis.
Tu gqondaT SesaZebloba, rom gagegoT misi saxeli (sakredito baraTi gaZlevT
amis SesaZleblobas), maSin damSvidobebis dros SegiZliaT uTxraT: kargad
brZandebodeT batono n yovelTvis gagvixardeba Tqveni naxva!

16.7. alageba, wesrigSi moyvana.

mimtanis samuSao ar mTavrdeba stumrebis wasvliT. maTi gacilebis Semdeg Tqven unda
aalagoT magidebi, moiyvanoT wesrigSi darbazi, da damxmare magidac, da moamzadoT
samuSao magida Semdegi stumrebis misaRebad. yvela restoranSi aris dalagebis Tavisi
procedura. zogierT restoranSi miRebulia stumrebis gasvlisTanave yoveli magidis xelaxla
servireba. es saSualebas iZleva magidebis gamoyenebas ramdenjerme , da momsvlelTa
raodenobis gazrdas. sxvagan stumrebis wasvlis Semdeg magidas awyoben meored
magaliTad, mas Semdeg rac stumrebma isauzmes, ganTavisuflebul magidas awyoben
sadilisTvis.

16.8. WurWlis alagebis procedura da momdevno winaswari servireba.

moaSoreT magididan yavis finjanebi da yvelaferi rac centrSi dgas, aseve


bokalebi, riumkebi da saferflebi
Tu Tqven gamoiyeneT WurWeli sadilis dros, maSin misi damTavrebisTanave iq
iqneba mxolod zemoT CamoTvlili sagnebi
finjani da TefSebi gaaqvT meTodiT ori an sami TefSi.
ar dadgaT TefSebi dastaSi. bokalebi da rumkebi gaaqvT langarze. magidis
centrSi darCenili saSaqre, sarZeve da sxva sagnebi xeliT gaaqvT.

66
Tu restoranSi miRebulia magidebis gadafareba sufriT, SescvaleT sufra.
Tu Tqven cvliT maT mxolod mas Semdeg, rac stumrebi datoveben restorans,
gaakeTeT es rogorc aRwerilia 4.7.
Tu Tqvens restoranSi ar sargebloben sufrebiT, maSin kargad daasufTaveT
magida. ganurCevlad imisa, iqneba Tu ara gamoyenebuli magida ganmeorebiT,
darwmundiT, rom yvela skami dgas magidis irgvliv. ar dagaviwydeT skamebis
dasufTavebac namcecebisagan.

magidebis winaswari servirebisa da momzadebis procedurebi aRwerilia 4-4.104.16

restornebis umravlesobaSi miRebulia maSinaTve, dalagebis Semdeg daiwyos mimtanis


samuSao adgilis dakompleqteba sufTa WurWeliTa da d-C-ebiT.

Tavi meCvidmete sastumro nomrebis momsaxureba

17.1. kerZebisa da sasmelis mirTmeva

sastumroebSi, motelebSi da sxv. pirveli klsasis sastumroebSi amas xSirad servis luqs
eZaxian.
sastumros tipis did da patara dawesebulebebSi Cveulebriv aris oTaxebis momsaxurebis
specialuri ganyofileba menejeris xelmZRvanelobiT. es ganyofileba unda muSaobdes
mWidro kontaqtiT samzareulosTan, porties samsaxurTan da sameurneo nawilTan,
imisaTvis, rom saukeTesod daakmayofilos stumris moTxovna pirveli klasis servisis
Sesabamisad. rogorc wesi, sastumros Sesaxeb msjeloben imis mixedviT, Tu rogori
momsaxurebis formebs sTavazobs is. xuTvarskvlavian sastumroSi nomrebs emsaxurebian
daaxloebiT 18 sT mainc dRe-Ramis ganmavlobaSi, an ukeTes SemTxvevaSi 24 sT. da
mTeli am xnis manZilze momsaxure personali unda muSaobdes swrafad, efeqturad da
siamovnebiT.

17.2. am TavSi Tqven waikiTxavT:

mowyobilobis, kerZebisa da sasmelebis momzadeba nomrebis


momsaxurebisTvis,
rogor miviRoT da SevasruloT SekveTa sworad.
langrebisa da urikebis momzadebis Sesaxeb yvela saxis
momsaxurebisTvis.
rogor SexvideT stumris oTaxSi.
nomerSi saWmelisa da sasmelis mirTmeva.
rogor gausworoT angariSi.
rogor gamoitanoT WurWeli oTaxidan.

17.3. nomrebis momsaxurebisTvis momzadeba.

Tanamedrove sastumroebis umravlesobas aqvs nomrebis momsaxurebis ganyofilebis


erTiani, centraluri saserviso, romelic moxerxebulad aris ganlagebuli samzareulosa da
samsaxuris lifts Soris. saserviso mTlianad unda iyos aRWurvili yovelive aucilebeliT. _ es
aris swrafi da efeqturi momsaxurebis safuZveli nomrebis momsaxurebaSi Sedis
sazogadoebriv kvebasTan dakavSirebuli servisis farTo speqtri, dawyebuli sasmelebis
morTmevidan an msubuqi SeWamandidan , damTavrebuli sruli SekveTili sadiliT RvinosTan
erTad. stumrebs SeuZliaT moiTxovon nomerSi Sesabamisi mowyobilobebic, (rogoricaa
quleri yinuliT an bokalebi.) nomerSi SesakveTi sia unda Caidos menius specialur nawilSi,
magram maRali klasis sastumroebSi unda daakmayofilon stumris nebismieri survili.
nomrebis momsaxurebis ganyofilebis meniuSi aucileblad gasaTvaliswinebelia is
ganyofileba, sadac naCvenebia dRis sxvadasxva dros SeTavazebuli momsaxureba,
magaliTad:
67
sauzme 6.00.-11.00.
sadili 11.00.-23.00.
a la karti(kerZebi SekvaTiT) 19.00.-22.30.
Ramis meniu (visac ar Zinavs) 23.00-6.00

saservisoSi unda iyos sakmarisi aRWurviloba imisaTvis, rom pikis saaTebSic


momsaxureba ar iyos SezRuduli. Cveulebriv karg sastumroSi normad iTvleba , Tu
SekveTis miRebasa da mis Sesrulebas Soris gadis ara umetes 30 wT.
efeqturi momsaxurebis mizniT, pikis saaTebSic ki nomrebis momsaxurebis ganyofileba
unda aanalizebdes garemoebebs, da dagegmos samsaxuri moTxovnebis Sesabamisad.
( mag delegatebis did konfereciaze Camosvlis dros, saWiro xdeba dilis sauzmebis adre
saaTebSi organizeba). perspeqtiuli dagegmareba unda iTvaliswinebdes mimtanebis Statis
gazrdas, langrebis da urikebis raodenobis gazrdas. da sxv.

17.4. mowyobilobebisa da produqtebis Senaxvis wesi.

nomrebis momsaxurebis ganyofilebis aRWurvilobaSi Sedis:

langrebi da urikebi
sasadile dana-Canglebi, WurWeli, sasadile TeTreuli, da SuSis WurWeli(bokalebi,
riumkebi, fuJerebi)
kvebisa da sasmelebis produqtebi.
sabeWdi masala.

es yvelaferi unda inaxebodes saimedo, higienur pirobebSi, wesrigSi, mkacrad gankuTvnil


adgilebSi, romlebTanac iolad miisvleba. yoveli dawesebuleba gansazRvravs mowyobilobebis
aucilebeli raodenobis dasaxelebas. es sakmarisi unda iyos dawesebulebis moTxovnebis
dasakmayofileblad, arc meti, arc naklebi.
yoveli nivTis an produqtis Senaxvis adgili unda iyos markirebuli an gakeTebuli aucilebeli
miniSnebebi aucilebeli raodenobis Sesaxeb, ise rom raimes danaklisi aucileblad iqnes
aRmoCenili. gansakuTrebuli sifrTxiliT unda moeqceT WurWels, imisaTvis, rom rom riskis da
daSavebis SemTxvevebi minimumamde iqnes dayvanili. aqedan ukanaskneli
dakavSirebulia ara marto saSiS SedegebTan da materialur xarjebTan, aramed aisaxeba
stumrebis momsaxurebis xarisxzec.

17.5. mowyobilobis momzadeba nomrebis momsaxurebisTvis.

yovel dawesebulebas, romelic Tavis reputaciaze zrunavs, aqvs wesebis da procedurebis


sakuTari wesi stumrebis efeqtur momsaxurebasTan dakavSirebiT. bunebrivia rom personali
valdebulia es wesebi mkacrad daicvas.
langrebisa da urikebis dakompleqteba damokidebulia SekveTil meniuze. aseve
gulisxmobs damatebiT mowyobilobebs, romlebsac stumrebi xSirad itoven, magram
romelic ar Sedis meniuSi. dakompleqtebis detalebi sxvadasxva dawesebulebaSi
saxvadasxvagavarad varireben, magram arsebobs standaruli kompleqti, romelSic Sedis:

langrebi yavisa da CaisTvis


qulerebi yinuliT
langrebi da urikebi sauzmis mirTmevisTvis
langrebi SeWamandisTvis.
langrebi da urikebi sadilis mirTmevisTvis.
langrebi SampaniurisTvis da sxva RvinisTvis.
langrebi xilis kalaTebisTvis.
sakaraqeebi,
68
saneleblebi
sapure kalaTebi

17.6. rogor miviRoT SekveTebi nomrebis momsaxurebaze.

SekveTebis umetesoba keTdeba telefoniT. radganac pirveli kontaqti stumarTan keTdeba


telefonis saSualebiT, satelefono etiketis flobas usaTuod eniWeba didi mniSvneloba
pirveladi STabeWdilebis Sesaqmnelad. adamiani, romelic pasuxobs zarebs, valdebulia
kargad icnobdes menius da flobdes satelefono etikets. (4.2.) satelefono zars unda
upasuxoT swrafad,. xuTvarskvlavian sastumroSi yurmili unda aiRoT ara ugvianes sami
zarisa. amas garda yuradReba miaqcieT Semdeg momentebs:
misalmeba
daasaxeleT ganyofileba da warmoadgineT Tqveni Tavi.
stumars saxeliT mimarTeT.

Tqven SegiZliaT uTxraT Semdegi fraza. dila mSvidobisa batono n. es momsaxurebis


ganyofilebaa, telefonTan giorgia. riT dagexmaroT?
stumris saxeliT mimarTva saSualebas mogcemT darwmundeT imaSi, rom SekveTa zustad
iqneba mitanili daniSnulebis adgilze da sworad aris aRniSnuli angariSze, aseve
agrZnobinebT stumars rom masze zrunaven da pativs scemen. sastumroebis
umravlesobas aqvs centralizebuli satelefono sistema, romelic gulisxmobs displeize stumris
nomrisa da saxelis dafiqsirebas. magram Tu Tqvens sastumroSi ar aris aseTi sistema,
Tqven yovelTvis xelT unda gqondeT nomrebisa da iq mcxovrebi stumrebis saxelebis sia.
stumars mimarTeT saxeliT momsaxurebis mTeli proceduris dros.
mas Semdeg rac miesalmebiT da daazustebT mis saxels, gaagrZeleT saubari Semdegi
gegmis mixedviT :

saubris dros zustad CawereT SekveTa qviTarze. ar dagaviwydeT, rogorc xSirad


xdeba, miuTiToT oTaxis nomeri.
yovelTvis eZebeT SesaZlebloba rom frTxilad SesTavazoT an gaakeToT
kerZebisa da sasmelebis reklama, rom gazardoT SekveTis Tanxa. (6.6.)
gamoamJRavneT sirbile da daxmarebisaTvis mzadyofna, Tu ki stumari
gikveTavT imas, rac ar aris meniuSi.
gaumeoreT SekveTa stumars, daazusteT yvela saeWvo detali,
daasaxeleT miaxloebiTi SekveTis Sesrulebis dro. is ar unda aRematebodes 30
wT.
SeamowmeT(maT Soris oTaxis nomeric) yvela detali sworad aris Cawerili Tu
ara. miawereT SekveTis miRebis dro.
daaregistrireT SekveTa kompiuterul sistemaSi(6.16.)
swrafad gadaeciT SekveTa saWiro personals, rogorc momsaxurebis, aseve
saxva ganyofilebebSic.(Tu es aucilebelia, ufro zustad ki samzareuloSi)
yvela SekveTa ar miiReba telefoniT. magaliTad sauzmes iTxoven werilobiTi
formiT, saRamos specialur qviTars avseben da kideben mas karebze koridorSi. am
SekveTebs agroveben, aregistrireben, SeZlebisdagvarad azusteben da anawileben
momzadebisTvis.

langrebisa da urikebis SerCeva.

SekveTis daxarisxebis Semdeg saWiroa Sesabamisi langarisa da urikis SerCevas


SeudgeT. rac damokidebulia personebis raodenobaze, romelTa momsaxurebac aris saWiro,
aseve SekveTili kerZebisa da sasmelebis xasiaTze da sakvebis miRebis xasiaTze.
Tqvens dawesebulebaSi unda arsebobdes standartebi, romlebic iTvaliswineben urikebisa
da langrebis servirebas sxvadasxva sakvebis miRebis jerze, (sauzme, sadili, vaxSami) ,
Cveulebriv da specialur SekveTebze
rodesac SeudgebiT servirebisTvis Sesaferisi mowyobolobis SerCevas, aucilebelia
darwmundeT, rom yvelaferi sufTaa da mzad aris moxmarebisTvis. SeamowmeT, mzad

69
aris Tu ara urikebi. langaris servirebisas darwmundiT rom is kargad aris dabalansebuli,
rom miRebulia usafrTxoebis yvela zoma da araferia daviwyebuli. servireba unda iyos
mimzidveli esTetikis TvalsazrisiTac.

17.7. SekveTebis dakompleqteba.

langrebisa da urikebis servirebis Semowmebisas, swrafad miiReT SekveTebi kerZebze


da sasmelebze(rodesac isini mzad iqneba), da SearCieT maTTan aucilebeli
akomponimenti.

kerZebis da sasmelebis SerCevisas miaqcieT yuradReba Semdeg detalebs:

saWmelebisa da samelebis temperatura


porciebis zomebi
kerZebis garegani saxis Sesabamisoba standartul receptebTan.
Rvinis markis Sesabamisoba SekveTasTan mosavlis aRebis wlis CaTvliT.

kerZebis aucilebeli temperatura unda iqnes SenarCunebuli mTeli drois manZilze- maTi
samzareulodan motanidan magidaze mirTmevamde. amisaTvis gamoiyeneba saxuravebi
TefSebisaTvis(e.w. kloSe), da saWmlis gamacxeleblebi.
SeamowmeT qviTaris mixedviT SekveTis miRebis sizuste. da waimZRvaneT is stumris
oTaxSi. SeamowmeT yvelaferi_ servirebis detalebi, SekveTili sakvebi da sasmelebi.
SekveTis Sesrulebis sizuste_dauyonebliv miarTviT SekveTa stumris oTaxSi.

17.8. rogor SexvideT stumris oTaxSi

rodesac SedixarT stumris oTaxSi gaxsovdeT, misi uflebebi piradi cxovrebis darRvevis
Sesaxeb. bevr sastumroSi arsebobs Tavisi procedura.

magram sazogado wesi aseTia:

Cumad da mSvidad miuaxlovdiT karebs.


xmamaRlad midiT karebTan da TqviT: saserviso momsaxureba. gaxsovdeT
rom Tqveni xma daxurul kars miRmac unda ismodes, amitomac isaubreT
xmamaRla da garkveviT.
daelodeT pasuxs da moiqeciT Sesabamisad._ an moicadeT karebs ukan, an
SebrZandiT. Tu pasuxi ar miiReT SebrZandiT da gaimeoreT kidev erTxel.
ar SexvideT, sanam stumari ar gagiRebT kars an ar dagrTavT Sesvlis nebas.
oTaxSi Sesvlisas mimarTeT mas saxeliT da uTxariT dila mSvidobisa batono
n Tqveni sauzme. an rame sxva situaciasTan Sesaferisi.
stumars Tavazianad esaubreT da saxeliT mimarTeT.

stumris momsaxureba nomerSi sakvebisa da sasmelebis morTmevis dros.

urikisa da langrebis ganTavsebis adgili damokidebulia garemoebebze, nomerSi avejis


ganlagebasa da stumris survilze. amasTan dakavSirebiT yovel sastumros Tavisi instruqcia
aqvs, isini iTvaliswineben stumris survils.
darwmundiT rom langari an urika dgas iq sadac stumarma moisurva
SeamowmeT rom es iyos usafrTxo adgili.
gaafrTxileT stumari rom man daicvas sifrTxile. magaliTad, rom
gamaxcelebeli an sayave Zalian cxelia, SeiZleba damwvroba miiRos.
saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi daalageT skamebi.
aanTeT sanTeli Tu es saWiroa.
70
CamoTvaleT riTia dakompleqtebuli urika an langari.
miarTviT saWmeli da sasmeli Tqvens sastumroSi miRebuli wesebis
Tanaxmad.
SeekiTxeT stumars xom ar nebavs kidev raime.
warmoudgineT stumars SekveTis blankebi xelmowerisTvis.
miawodeT stumars informacia WurWlis alagebis Sesaxeb. xSir
SemTxvevaSi mas sTxoven gadgas koridorSi gamoyenebuli urika da langari
trapezis dasrulebis Semdeg.
gadaeciT stumris mier xelmowerili blanki salaros an sxva ganyofilebas,
rogorc es miRebulia Tqvens sastumroSi.

17.9. koridorebis dalageba.

rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT, gamoyenebuli langrebi da urikebi Cveulebriv koridorSi


idgmeba. mniSnvelovania maTi saswrafod gatana, radganac areuloba sastumros ar
matebs Rirsebas. ganyofilebebs Soris kargi partnioroba da dalagebuli saqmiani urTierToba,
romlebic macxovreblebs emsaxurebian, warmoadgens sastumroSi sisufTavisa da wesrigis
safuZvels. winaswar mofiqrebuli momsaxurebis sistemis Serwyma saR azrTan da
personalis pirad iniciativasTan ki aris pirveli klasis servisis mniSvnelovani Semadgeneli.
yovel sastumroSi SemuSavebulia sakuTari sistema, romelic sxvebisagan detalebiT aris
gansxvavebuli, magram SekveTebis Caweris saerTo procedura specialur blankze
Semdegia:
TariRi
oTaxis nomeri
ra aris aRebuli- langari Tu urika(daSvebulia miRebuli Semoklebebi,
magaliTad aso l-langari an u-urika)
SekveTis miRebis dro
pirovneba, vinc daaxarisxa SekveTa da alagebis dro.

Cveulebriv SekveTas Rebulobs menejer-ganmkargulebeli, romelic pasuxismgebelia


stumrebis momsaxurebis proceduris kopntrolze da personalis xelmZRvanelobazec, romlebic
koridorebsa da nomrebs alageben. amis garda regularulad unda xdebodes koridorebis
Semowmebebi yovelsaaTobrivad mainc, gamoyenebuli langrebis, urikebis da saxva
nivTebis alagebis mizniT.
damlageblebma mudmivad unda gaafrTxilon stumrebis momsaxurebis ganyofileba, Tu aris
gamoyenebuli mowyobilobis nomridan an koridoridan gatanis aucilebloba.
gamoyenebuli mowyobilobis alagebis Sesaxeb iucileblad unda moaxsenoT menejer-
ganmkargulebels. koridorebis dalageba unda mimdinareobdes Cumad da swrafad.
xeluxlebeli produqtebi da sasmelebi, WurWeli, da d-C, romlebic gaitanes koridorebidan,
unda dabrundes saservisoSi.

17.10. recxva da Senaxva.

gamoyenebuli langrebi da urikebi unda gaitanoT samrecxaoSi. gafuWebul danadgarebs


cvlian, xolo WurWelsa da dana-Cangals apolireben.
recxvis Semdeg langrebsa da urikebs usafrTxoebis mizniT Slian.
yvela sastumroSi gamomuSavebulia Semdegi wesebi:
mowyobilobis Senaxva.
WuWyiani TeTreulis Secvla
mowyobilobis Senaxva romelic gankuTvnilia mravaljeradi
moxmarebisTvis.
mowyobilobis garecxvisa da ganTavsebis Semdeg siis mixedviT amowmeben raodenobas
da avseben danaklis, rogorc amas moiTxovs dadgenili wesi.

71
Tavi meTvramete RonisZiebebis Catareba
RonisZiebis momsaxureba mimtanisTvis gacilebiT ioli procesia, radgan ar moiTxovs
profesionaluri wvrilmanebis demonstrirebas.. swored sxvadasxva saxis RonisZiebebis
momsaxurebisas axalbeda mimtanebi xvewaven TavianT xelovnebas.
am TavSi mocemulia:
zeimis formebi
RonisZiebis servirebis variantebi
RonisZiebebze kerZebisa da sasmelebis miwodeba
RonisZiebebis momsaxure personalis dakompleqteba.

18.1. sufris formebi.

zeimebsa da RonisZiebebs SeiZleba hqondeT sxvadasxva saxis forma_dawyebuli ubralo


buterbrodebis, yavisa da Cais mirTmeviT, damTavrebuli sazeimo banketebiT, romlebic
SeiZleba Catardes nebismier adgilze: restornis darbazSi, kerZo saxlis mdeloze da did
sabanketo darbazSi.
momsaxure personalis konkretuli amocanis Sesruleba RonisZiebebzec da sufrazec
damokidebulia:

stumris moTxovnaze.
RonisZiebis stilze
SekveTili kerZebisa da sasmelebis saxeobaze
fulad Tanxaze, romlis daxarjvas stumari apirebs

es CarCoebi gansazRvraven momsaxure personalis samuSaos.

18.2 momzadeba sufrisTvis.

sufris momzadebisTvis aucilebelia vicodeT rom momsaxure personalis TiToeulma wevrma


icodes RonisZiebis organizatoris yvela moTxovnis Sesaxeb. es informacia iwereba specialur
dokumentSi, romelsac uwodeben sabanketo Cek-lists.
pasuxismgebeli piri(restornis menejeri an sastumroSi banketebis ganmkargulebeli)
awarmoebs molaparakebebs uSualod sufris organizatorTan da arkvevs, Tu ra unda mas.
mas Semdeg, rac principulad SeTanxmdebian RonisZiebis Catarebaze, isini ganixilaven
yvela detals, romlebic iwereba specialur blankze, da mas xels awers orive mxare.
Semdeg ivseba banketis Cek-listi.

Cveulebriv masSi fiqsirdeba Semdegi saxis informacia:

stumris saxeli, gvari


im pirovnebis saxeli, vinc stumris mxridan awarmoebs kontaqts.
sufris forma
RonisZiebis Catarebis dro da TariRi.
tumrebis garantirebuli raodenoba.
darbazis adgilmdebareoba.
stumrebis ganawilebis gegma.
kerZebisa da sasmelebis meniu
RonisZiebis Catarebis gegma; kerZebisa da sasmelebis mirTmeva drois
miTiTebiT, kulturuli RonisZiebis dros.(prezentaciebi, brifingebi)
specialurad SeTanxmebuli moTxovnebi an procedurebi(avtosadgomi, darbazis
morTva, mikrofonebi, musikaluri akomponimenti, atraqcionebi da a.S.)
fasebi da angariSsworebis procedura
72
dResaswaulis Catarebamde ramdenime dRiT adre banketis Cek-listi.
igzavneba servisa da momsaxurebis im punqtebSi ,romlnic uSualod iqnebian CarTuli am
RonisZiebis momzadebis procesSi. yvela samsaxuri unda muSaobdes zustad, rom ar
gamoeparoT raime wvrilmani da Seasrulon damkveTis yvela moTxovna.
erTerTma menejerma unda Seasrulos saerTo xelmZRvanelis funqcia RonisZiebis
momzadebisa da Sesrulebis dros. man unda gaanawilos movaleobebi momsaxure
personals Soris, Seamowmos yvela detalis Sesruleba Cek-listis mixedviT da
gaakontrolos TiToeuli momsaxure personalis mier maTi movaleobebis Sesruleba.
amasTan mniSvnelovania, rom momsaxure personalis TiToeulma wevrma (mudmivi Tu
droebiTi) icodes momsaxurebis wesebi, romelic miRebulia am restoranSi an sastumroSi da
dauyonebliv Seasrulos is. es ganapirobebs moqmedebis Tanmimdevrobas, piradi higienis
dacvas, momsaxurebis usafrTxoebas da efeqturobas RonisZiebis Catarebis dros.

RonisZiebis momzadebaSi Sedis:

magidebis, skamebis, da sxva avejis ganlageba saWiroebis mixedviT


mcire nivTebis momzadeba(sufris TeTreuli, WurWeli, bokalebi da rumkebi,
menaJeebi da a.S. mizan placi )
TiToeuli adgilis servireba.
mimtanebis samuSao adgilis dakompleqteba
damkveTis specialuri moTxovnebis Sesrulebis momzadeba Cek-listis
Sesabamisad.

18.3. sufris servireba.


sufris servireba damokidebulia SekveTil meniuze. Cveulebriv, RonisZiebis meniu
winaswar aris SeTanxmebuli da amitom mizan placs awyoben SekveTili menius
Sesabamisad.

18.4. desertis servireba.

sadeserto dana-Cangalis ganTavseba sabanketo magidaze warmoadgens problemas,


romelsac aqvs Semdegi saxis gadawyvetilebebi. sabanketo magidaze yovelTvis arsebobs
Tavisufali sivrciss deficiti. kargia Tu ki gvaqvs SesaZlebloba, rom sadeserto dana-Cangali
mivarTvaT tkbileulis win(4.14) Tu ki gixdebaT maTi ganTavseba winaswari servirebis dros,
maSin dagWirdebaT Tanmimdevruli koreqtireba. ixileT 6.20.

18.5. bokalebi da riumkebi

magidis servirebis dros banketisTvis, SeiZleba ar iyos sakmarisi sivrce, rom yvela bokali
da riumka rigSi davawyoT. Tu isini orze metia, maSin saWiroa maTi samkuTxedad
dawyoba.(4.15.)

18.6. finjanebi da TefSebi.

Tu ki sabanketo magidaze, winaswari servirebisas saWiroa finjanebisa da TefSebis


ganlageba, maT dgamen ZiriTadi danis odnav zeviT da saxelurebiT marjvniv, rom
stumars SeeZlos iolad aiRos xelSi finjani da ar Semouabrunos is. xSirad banketis dros
isini ufro gvian SemoaqvT, uSualod Cais an yavis mirTmevis dros.(15.4.)

18.7. banketis momsaxureba.

banketze stumrebis momsaxurebis stili igivea, rac restoranSi(porciuli kerZebis mirTmeva,


CamotarebiT mirTmeva da a.S.) TiToeuli es stili dawvrilebiT aRwerilia wina TavebSi.(7-8)

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18.8. banketebis momsaxurebis procedura.

ZiriTadi procedurebia:

stumarTmoyvare garemos Seqmna.


magidebis servireba.
langaris an kerZis gadatanis procedura.
samklavuris gamoyeneba.
TefSebis gadatanis da alagebis procedura.
Rvinis Camosxmis teqnika.

18.9. momsaxure personalis dakompleqteba.

momsaxure personalis raodenoba da maTi movaleobebi RonisZiebebze damo-kidebulia


mis saxeobaze. sxvadasxva formis RonisZiebebi moiTxovs sxvadasxva saxis proceduras,
da sxvadsxva Statis organizebas. zogierT SemTxvevaSi mimtanebis Stati moqmedebs
rogorc erTi gundi, romelic emsaxureba yvela stumars ramdenime magidaze. sxvagan_
yovel mimtans aqvs magidebis Tavisi seqtori da Tavisi stumrebis gundi, romelsac is
emsaxureba. umetes SemTxvevaSi momsaxurebis gunduri sistema saukeTesod
akmayofilebs stumrebis moTxovnas da amcirebs mimtanis datvirTvas.

18.10. muSaoba gundSi.


xalxmraval RonisZiebebze momsaxure personals yofen jgufebad, rac saSualebas
iZleva rom momsaxureba iyos ufro zusti da swrafi. yovel gundSi imdeni adamiania,
ramdenic saWiroa mTeli magidis momsaxurebisTvis. magaliTad magidas, romelsac uzis 10
adamiani, SeiZleba dasWirdes 5 mimtanisgan dakompleqtebuli jgufi, gundi, romelic 5
adamianisagan Sedgeba, iyofa or qvejgufad ; mimtanebad- samkaciani jgufi da
morbenalebad-orkaciani jgufi.
morbenali pasuxs agebs kerZebis motanas samzareulodan mimtanebis magidaze. xolo
mimtanebs es kerZi uSualod miaqvT magidaze stumrebTan. daalageben ra erT
magidas, gundi gadadis meoris dasawyobad. magidebis alagebac mimdinareobs analogiuri
sqemiT mimtanebs miaqvT WurWeli stumrebis magidebidan damxmare magidebze,
morbenalebs ki am magidebidan samrecxaoSi. magidebis raodenoba, romelsac
emsaxureba erTi gundi, damokidebulia menius sirTuleze, darbazis gaformebasa da mis
aRWurvilobaze. xuTi mimtaniT dakompleqtebul jgufs, romlebsac moaqvT saSualo
sadilisTvis gankuTvnili kerZebi(sami kerZi), SeuZlia moemsaxuros aT kacian ocamde
magidas , anu 200mde stumars.

18.11. sasmelebis mirTmeva banketebze

Cveulebriv banketebze sasmelebis morTmevas akontrolebs somelie. misi konkretuli


movaleobebi damokidebulia sasmelebis arCevasa da maT morTmevaze. amaSi Sedis
sxvadasxva sasmelebis mirTmeva langarze, aperitivebis mirTmeva,(15.14) samarko da
sufris Rvinoebi(15.20) cqriala Rvinoebi(15.21). sadilisSemdgomi sasmelebi anu
diJestivebi(15.22) da yava (15.24. 15.27.) Tu banketze saWiroa kerZebisa da sasmelebis
koordinireba, maSin sasmelebi yovel axal kerZTan unda moarTvan saWmlis win. did
dResaswaulebze zogjer muSaoben calkeuli jgufebi, romlebic pasuxs ageben sasmelebis
morTmevaze da enacvlebian jgufebs , romlebic muSaoben kerZebTan. magram im
SemTxvevaSic, Tu specialuri gundi ar arsebobs da sasmelebTan da kerZebTanac
mimtanebi muSaoben, isini mainc moaqvT ara erTdroulad, aramed calke.

SeniSvnebisaTvis

74
glosariumi

mocemul glosariumSi Tqven gaecnobiT ara mxolod am wignSi

arsebuli teqnikuri terminebis ganmartebas, aramed uamrav sxva

terminsac , romelic saerTod gamoiyeneba kulinariaSi. vfiqrobT

rom am informacias unda flobdes yoveli profesionali mimtani.

leqsikonSi blomad aris franguli dasaxelebebi, ramdenadac

franguli samzareulo mTel msoflioSi popularulia da bevri

kerZis saxelwodeba arc iTargmneba sxva enebze.

75
a
al fesko-<<alfesko>>-araoficialuri sauzme an sadili haerze.

antipasto-italiuri SeWamandi asorti (sityva sityviT <<anti >>-niSnavs


<<manamde, win >>, pasto -<<saWmeli, << sakvebis miReba>>)

a la (fr.)-<<stiliT>>, <<ad>>-arsebiT saxelTan mdedrobiT sqessSi (magaliTad, a


la karti).

amaretto (ital.) - 1)mware liqiori nuSis gemoTi.


2)patara nuSis orcxobila an namcxvari, romelsac miarTmeven sadilis bolos
an desertTan.

amontilado (esp. amontolado) -xeresis(espanuri Rvino) saSualod mSrali jiSi.

anglez, a la - inglisurad; gamoiyeneba sxvadasxva SemTxvevebSi, ufro xSirad


moxarSul bostneulTan, romlis akomponimentia daWrili oxraxuSi karaqis naWriT (ix.
aseve kremi anglezi)

antrekot (fr.) - saqonlis mkerdis amonaWeri kepaven da morTmeven rogorc


erTwuTiani dakepili kerZi(entrecoti niSnavs neknebs Soris)

anCousi - patara Tevzi Zalian mkveTri suniT, mas Cveulebriv amarileben

arborio, brinji - italiuri brinjis saxeoba, romlisganac amzadeben rizotos.

aromati- 1)keTilsurneleba, suni; 2)Rvinis degustatorebis termini. yurZnis surneli


axal RvinoSi. Rvinis momwifebasTan erTad aromatic sustdeba, buketi ki Zlierdeba

artiSoki ori erTmaneTisagan sruliad gansxvavebuli bostneuli: 1)mrgvali artiSoki


- Certopoloxis msgavsi mcenare, didi yvaviliT. moumwifebeli yvavilis fxiani foTlebis
76
Suaguli da Rero sakvebadac gamoiyeneba. Cveulebriv mas miirTmeven Zmriani
sanelebliT, provansuli karaqiT da tkbileuliT.
2) an ierusalimis artiSoki, miwis msaxali, topinamburi. bostneuli, romelsac
xmaroben wvnianSi an TuSaven. es gavs girCismagvar kartofils an imbiris axal naWers
(am saxelwodebebs araferi aqvT saerTo ierusalimTan. es ufro italiuri Jirasole
mzesumziras yvavilis damaxinjebuli variantia)

arugula (ital)-Ramis ia. mwvane salaTis foToli odnav momwaro gemoTi.

B
b
b da b - koqteili brendisa da benediqtini-sagan

baba-patara msubuqi keqsi safuaris comisgan, Cveulebriv qiSmiSiani. romis


baba - romis spirtiT gaJRenTili keqsi.

bovaruli deserti - Jeles magvari kerZi moxarSuli kremiT, JelatiniT, aTqvefili


naRebiT, miirTmeva civad.

bagi - sakvebad gamoyenebadi moluski, fexebisa da marwuxebis gareSe, romlis


xorci gemoTi langustisas hgavs.

bageti(fr.) - grZeli franguli batoni

baziliki - amave saxelwodebis mcenaris pikanturi , tkbili foTlebi romelic


gamoiyeneba aromatuli balaxebis nacvlad, gansakuTrebiT italiur da samxreT-
aRmosavleT aziur samzareuloSi (ix. aseve pesto).

badrijani - bostneuli

baqteriebi - patara erTujrediani organizmebi, xSirad saSiSi janmrTelobisTvis,


magram zogjer sasargebloc. magaliTad yvelis xarSvis dros.

balzamuri Zmari - aromatuli, tkbili Rvinis Zmari Zlieri aromatiT. gamoiyeneba


rogorc sakmazi, aseve xilis aromatis gasaZliereblad, magaliTad marwyvis(ix. aseve
alaos Zmari, brinjis Zmari, Rvinis Zmari)

bania kauda (ital) - cxare, cxeli anCousis sousi(sityva sityviT cxeli abazana,
piemonidan-italiis CrdiloeTi)

barketka (fr.) - patara navis formis namcxvari, romelic SeiZleba sxvadasxva


ingredientebiT aavso.(sityva-sityviT-frangulidan barquette niSnavs patara navi)

basmati, brinji - aromatuli, grZelmarcvliani brinjis jiSi, romelic gamoiyeneba


italiur samzareuloSi, gansakuTrebiT flavisTvis da biruanisTvis(ix. flavi, biriani)

comi safuaris gareSe - Txevadi comi safuaris gareSe; sadRvebi(fqvili, wyali da


rZe an kvercxi) gamoiyeneba kulinariaSi. am comiT amzadeben blinebs, vaflis,
iorqSiris pudings, ponCikebs, an mas gamoiyeneben rogorc kliars, magaliTad Tevzis
kliarSi momzadebis dros.

TeTri soko - sakvebad gamosadegi sokos jiSi msxvil fexze.(Boletus edilus)

77
TeTri yava - yava cxeli rZis an naRebis damatebiT

TeTri sousi - msubuqi, sicxaresmoklebuli sousi gazavebuli TeTri Rvinis, Rvinis


Zmris da wvrilad daWrili xaxvis gaxsnili nareviT

bergamoti - balaxi forToxlis suniT (Monarda didyma). mas iyeneben tkbil


kerZebSi. is mkveTrad gamorCeul aromats aniWebs Cais nacrisferi grafi(Earl Grey
tea)

bearneze(fr.) - sousi, romelic momzadebulia aTqvefili kvercxebis gulisagan da


karaqSi areuli gaxsnili Rvinis ZmriT. moarTmeven Tbilad, TevzTan da grilze semwvar
xorcTan.

befstroganovi - Zroxis xorcis naWrebi araJanis sousSi, sokos garniriT.


(stroganovebi iyvnen mdidari vaWrebi, romlebsac petre pirvelma uboZa Tavadebis
tituli)

beSameli (fr) - sousi sakmaziT (karaqSi Semwvari fqviliT), romelSic amateben


rZes. gamoiyeneba bevri sxva sousis momzadebisas.

bildi - barmenebis termini, romliTac aRniSnaven koqteilebis damzadebis teqnikas,


rodesac yvela ingredients ureven eleqtromiqserSi.

bini (bin) - seqcia, galia boTlebisTvis Rvinis maranSi.

biriani (ind) - filavi anu flavi, Cveulebriv sunelebiT, Safranis yviTeli yvaviliT,
garniri- magrad moxarSuli kvercxi.

biski (fr) - sqeli cximiani wvniani , Cveulebriv zRvisproduqtebisgan momzadebuli,


magaliTad koborCxalas wvniani.

biskviti(ital) - patara aromatuli purebi, romlebsac moarTmeven yavasTan.

biskviti(fr) - tosti brioSis an galetis naWrebisgan, romelsac miarTmeven


sadilisSemdgom CaisTan.

bistro(fr) - patara restorani an licenzirebuli kafe.

bifSteqsi(fr) - Zroxis xorcis naWeri

blanketi(fr) - nazi, magram cximiani moTuSuli xbos xorci, batknis an xbos xorci
bostneuliT

blanSi(fr) - TeTri

blanSireba - CauSviT cota xniT mduRareSi, Semdeg ki acaleT wyals Camowdes-


amgvarad kerZis momzadebamde produqts clian zedmeti marilisagan, sicxarisagan
da a.S. (sityva-sityviT niSnavs gaTeTrebas)

blinci/blinCikebi - blinebi yvelis SigTavsiT da sxva.

blinebi suzeti(fr) - tkbili blinebi, gaJRenTili forToxlis wveniT an forToxlis


liqioriT(magaliTad kuraso an grand marinieri). maT xSirad amzadeben stumrebis
Tvalwin magidaze an mobilur urikaze da miarTmeven rogorc a la flambe, romiT
mosxmuls.(kerZi gamoigona 1900 w. henri karpenterma da daerqva saxeli uelsis
ufliswulis erTerTi patara stumris siuzetis pativsacemad)

78
blinebi (rus) - oladiebi, romelsac moarTmeven araJanTan da xizilalasTan.

blu (fr) - termini, romelic aRniSnavs Semwvari xorcis mzadyofnas. es aris Zalzed
Seumwvari xorci sisxliT.

soios xaWo - nazi xaWo, romelic momzadebulia soios marcvlisagan, mdidaria


mineralebiTa da proteinebiT(ix. aseve tofi)

boki (bock) - 1) magari muqi(germanuli) ludi.


2) franguli ludis kaTxa

bok Coi (Bock choy) (Cinur) - TeTri kombosto xorciani TeTri ReroebiT Ria mwvane
foTlebiT.

bokonCini(ital) - patara burTulebi damzadebuli axali italiuri yvelisagan


mocarela, romelsac inaxaven SratSi gaxmobisagan dasacavad. bokonCinis xSirad
miarTmeven rogorc italiuri SeWamandis - antipastos Semadgenel nawils an
salaTebSi.

bolonezi(fr) - sqeli sousi(xorcis da tomatis)

bomba(fr) - gayinuli deserti, romelic mzaddeba Jeleseburad, burTismagvar


larnakSi an ubralod momrgvalebuli zedapiriT, miarTmeven nayinTan
sxvadasxvagvari SigTavsiT.

bombeis ixvi(ing.-ind.) - gamxmari Tevzis saxeoba , romelsac miirTmeven


rogorc tkbil karis,(am produqtis eqsportis centri iyo bombei sadac adgilobriv
dialeqtze am Tevzs eZaxdnen bombila, ratom uwodes mas SemdgomSi ixvi-
ucnobia.)

bordo a la - bordos stilSi. (qalaqi safrangeTis samxreT-dasavleTSi):


momzadebulia xaxvi-SalotiT da RviniT.

borSi(rus) wvniani kerZi , miarTmeven araJanTan erTad.

botritisi - (botritis cinera) soko an nadebi, zogjer mas uwodeben keTilSibil


siwiTles, romelic azianebs yurZens, amiT is ufro tkbili xdeba. aseTi nadebiT an
gnebavT obiT dazianebuli yurZnisagan amzadeben brwyinvale sadeserto Rvinoebs.

botulizmi - mowamvla sakvebiT, xSirad konservebiT da ZexviT, romelsac


iwveven baqteriebi (clostridium botulinum).

branCi - msuyed sakvebis miReba gvian diliT, romelic cvlis sauzmes da lanCs.

brezola(ital) - gamxmari Zroxis xorci, romelsac Wrian wvrilad da moarTmeven


antipastosTan erTad.

bri(fr) - nazi cximiani yveli Zroxis rZisgan damzadebuli rbili qerqiT (bri-qalaqi
parizis axlos)

brioSi(fr) - msubuqi, nazi funTuSa, xSirad rgolis formiT, safuaris comisgan,


kvercxiT da karaqiT.

brodo(ital) - gamWvirvale sufi. gamWvirvale bulioni

79
broileri - grilisTvis gazrdili wiwila

broSe(fr) - Samfuri, romelzec amzadeben xorcis patara naWrebs. magaliTad


qebabisTvis

broSe , a la(fr) _ momzadebuli vertilze an Samfurze.

brusketta (ital) - gamomcxvari an Semwvari puris natexebi, karaqwasmuli da


balaxebiT moyrili, miarTmeven rogorc SeWamands. zogjer amateben pomidvrebsa
da niors.(ix. aseve kanape da krostino)

brule(fr) - zusti Targmani damwvari (ix, krem-briule)

buiabesi(fr) - sqeli bulioni a la provansali TevziT, midiebiT da sxv. Sekmazuli


balaxebiT, romelsac amzadeben nel cecxlze.

buketi(fr) - Rvinis degustatorebis termini, rac niSnavs momwifebuli Rvinis


aromats.(gansxvavebiT yurZnis aromatisgan)

buketi garni(fr) - balaxebis krebuli(Taiguli), tradiciulad Sedgeba tmianisgan,


maioranisgan, oxraxuSisgan da dafnis foTlisgan. mas iyeneben sousebis, bulionebis
aromatizirebisTvis, da a. S.

bulioni (fr) - ubralo xorcis an bostneulis mRvrie naxarSi, romelic aris ZiriTadi
Semadgeneli sxvadasxva wvniani kerZebis momzadebis drosac.

buterbrodis pudingi (ing) - tkbili fenovani pudingi qiSmiSiT, cukatebiT da


SaqriT, moxarSuli kremiT.

bufeti - sakvebis miReba, romelic Sedgeba stumrebisTvis amosarCevad


mirTmeuli kerZebisagan.
2)Senoba an daxli sadac yidian SeWamands da msubuq kerZebs

buSe (fr) - patara sakonditro nawarmi mrgvali fenovani patara namcxvrebis


saxiT sxvadasxva SigTavsiT. (zusti Targmani frangulidan piri)

bien kui(fr) - termini, romliTac aRniSnaven Semwvari xorcis momzadebis dones,


damwvari steiki(zusti Targmani kargad Semwvari)

bianko(ital.) - vermutis oqrosferi saSualod tkbili jiSi (zusti Targmani TeTri)

v
valiuri kurdReli (ing) - cxare grenki yveliT.

voldorfis salaTi - kubebad daWrili vaSlis salaTi, nigoziT, foTlebiani salaTiT,


niaxuriTa da maioneziT(sastumro valdorfi q. niu-iorkSi, sadac is gamoigones)

vanili - tkbili aromatuli nivTiereba, romelsac Rebuloben vanilis


marcvlebisagan(Vanila planifolia).

vanilis Saqari - Saqari, romelic inaxeba WurWelSi vanilis marcvalTan erTad , ris
Sedegadac Saqari Rebulobs vanilis aromats.
80
vermiSeli(ital) - makaronis nawarmi, grZeli Zafebis msgavsi, zogjer rgolebad
daxveuli lafSas sorti.

vinugreti(fr) - mcenareuli zeTis, Zmris da limnis wvenis narevi, salaTis sakmazi.


zogjer sxva ingredientebsac umateben, gansakuTrebiT mdogvsa da mwvanils.

vasabi(iapo) - Zalian cxare iaponuri xreni, mas miarTmeven mwvane pastis


saxiT saSimTan da suSisTan.(ix. qvemoT)

vusterSiris sousi - cxare sousi ZmriT, melassiT SaqriTa da saneleblebiT.

gaxmoba - produqtis Senaxva misi gaxmobis meTodiT, magaliTad Ciri.

g
gado-gado (indonez) - bostneuli araxisis sousSi magrad moxarSul kvercxTan.

gaspaCo (esp) - civi wvniani tomatis piureTi, kitri, xaxvi, niori da wiTeli wiwaka,
xSirad garnirebulia krutonebiT.

galantine (fr) xorci an Tevzi , gaclili Zvlebisgan, farSirebuli, ruletad daxveuli,


miarTmeven civ JeleSi an SofruaSi (ix. terminTa leqsikoni). galantine SeiZleba
miarTvaT cxladac Tavisive wvenSi.

galeta - brtyeli orcxobila, oladi, msxvili fxvieri korJiki.

garbur(fr) - Zalian sqeli wvniani kombostoTi , marcvleuliTa da dabasturmebuli


xorciT.

garniri - produqtebi, romlebsac awyoben kerZis zemoT an irgvliv, (an sasmelTan),


silamazisa an gemosTvis.

garnireba - gaformeba, galamazeba.

garam-masala(ind) - dafqvili sunelebi induri


kerZebis aromatizaciisaTvis.(Caram niSnavs cxares)

ga-xao-Sa-u(vietn) - wiwila limnis balaxiTa da CiliT. (ga niSnavs wiwilas, xao-


Semwvares, Sa-oT limnis balaxs)

gastronomi - kargi sakvebisa da sasmelis eqsperti, epikureli.

gafreti(fr) - maraos formis tkbili vafli

gi(ind) gadamdnari Txevadi karaqi kameCis an Zroxis rZisgan: gamoiyeneba


kulinariaSi cximis nacvlad, gansakuTrebiT indur samzareuloSi. arsebobs kidev ufro iafi -
bostneulis zeTi gi , mas eZaxian vanaspati-gi(bostneulis gi).

gliuteni mcenareuli cila ; webovani substancia, gliuteni coms webovans xdis da


afuebis dros gamoyofili haeris buStulebs STanTqavs , rac xels uwyobs comis amosvlas.

81
saqonlis xorci , a la mod (fr) - moTuSuli saqonlis an xbos xorci, daWrili kubebiT,
stafiloTi da xaxviT.

saqonlis xorci a la fisel(fr) - saqonlis xorcis file, romelic formis SenarCunebis


mizniT bawriT aris Sekruli, da momzadebulia magar bulionSi.(Ficelle niSnavs Toks)

saqonlis xorci burgundiulad- xorci, romelic iTuSeba wiTel RvinoSi qoTanSi.

saqonlis xorci velingtonurad - fenebad ganlagebuli da xaxvSi Semwvari saqonlis


file, RviZlis paSteti da soko, (kerZs uwodes hercog velingtonis saxeli- britaneTis
generali da premier-ministri)

goi-kuoni(vietn) -
rbili gamWvirvale milakebi damzadebuli brinjis qaRaldisgan, romelic datenilia brinjis
lafSiT, krevetebiTa da Roris xorciT. miirTmeven civad, winaswar amoavleben ra
araxisis sousSi.(goi-niSnavs umi sakvebi, kuon-i milaks)

holandiuri sousi -
kvercxis gulebisgan kargad aTqvefili cximiani sousi naRebis karaqiT, limnis wveniTa
an ZmriT.

cisferi myesebi -
cisferi obi (nadebi) cisfer an mwvane yvelSi(gorgonzola, rokfori, stiltoni da sxva.)

gorgonzola(ital) -
nestiani naRebis yveli, Zroxis rZidan miRebuli lurji myesebiT(gorgonzola aris sofeli
milanTan, CrdiloeT italiaSi)

mdogvi - sakmazi yviTeli an yavisferi mdogvis mcenaris Teslisgan (Brassica).


arsebobs mdogvis marcvalisa da mdogvis mcenaris sxvadasxva saxeobebi. maT
Soris cxare inglisuri mdogvi, ufro rbilia avstraliuri, tkbili amerikuli, sxvadasxva
franguli jiSi, romlebic xSirad gamoiyeneba kulinariaSi.

qoTani - 1) qvabi TavsaxuriT moTuSuli kerZebis mosamzadeblad.

mware - sxvadasxva simagris aromatuli alkoholuri sasmelebi (kampari,


underbergi, ferne, branka da sxva)

gofrirebuli qaRaldi - gamiyeneba katletebisa da qaTmis barklebis


gasalamazeblad

granita(ital) - sasmeli datexili yinuliT

grapa(ital) - italiuri spirtiani sasmeli yurZnis narCenebisgan. WaWa.

grafini - SuSis WurWeli, doqi cxviris gareSe wylisa da RvinisaTvis.

sarWi grebeSoki (qarT.) moluski maraos msgavs did niJaraSi, romelzec xdeba
misi mirTmeva grebeSokis xorci um mdgomareobaSi ar aris gamWvirvale, is
moyavisfro-moTeTro ferisaa, xolo moxarSuli ki TeTria.

berZeni a la - berZnulad -berZnuli samzareulos stilSi, sokos da bostneuls


koriandris marcvlebiT amzadeben zeiTunis zeTSi, miarTmeven civad.

wiwibura - ara fafa, aramed marcvleuli, romelic Sesabamisad aris moxarSuli.


mas aqvs Zlieri specifiuri gemo da xSirad gamoiyeneba Cinur, aRmnosavleT

82
evropul da ebraul samzareuloSi. wiwiburas fqvilisagan amzadeben blinebsa da
Rvezelebs.

grili - saWmlis momzadeba specialur danadgarze(eleqtronul an gazis


gamaTbobeliT), rac mTavaria infrawiTeli gamosxivebiT

grili - nakverCxalze- saWmlis momzadeba bunebrivad gamoyofil siTboze.

grisino(ital) - grZeli, wvrili, gmxmari puris batoni, romelic moaqvT antipastosTan


erTad.

gruie(Sveic) - Sveicaruli yveli Zroxis rZisgan damzadebuli , mkvrivi da priala,


patara TvalebiT an nasvretebiT. kans Cveulebriv ar Wamen. (gruie-sofelia
SveicariaSi)

guakamole(meqs) - avokadosgan damzadebuli cxare sousi.

guliaSi(ungr) - wiTeli moTuSuli kerZi xorcisa da xaxvisagan, Sekmazuli


paprikiTa da garnirebuli kartofiliT.

Dd
diakonis boloki - giganturi TeTri boloki, romelsac amwnileben da marTmeven
rgolebad lamazad daWrils rogorc garnirs iaponur kerZebTan.

dali(ind) - sqeli piure CeCevicisgan. dali da roti-ZiriTadi sakvebia CrdiloeT indoeTSi

qalis TiTebi - TiTis formis patara namcxvari damzadebuli biskvitis comisgan


(franguli Targmanidan niSnavs katis enebi)

dariole(fr) - 1)patara forma maRali gverdebiT, patara comeuli nawarmis da


pudingebis gamosacxobad. 2) kerZi, romelsac amzadeben an moarTmeven darioleSi

daniuri perogi - fenovani Rvezeli safuaris comisgan damzadebuli , romlis zedapiri


morTulia Saqris glazuriT, TxiliT da xiliT.
Cveulebriv mas acxoben lokokinas formaSi (cnobilia rogorc gargaris daniuri
perogi)

devonSiris Cai - sadilis Semdgeg morTmeuli Cai funTuSebiT, Sededebuli naRebiT


da jemiT (devonidan warmoSobiT, inglisis samxreT-dasavleTis sagrafo)

degustacia - 1)sinjis moxsna saWmlis an sakvebis dagemovneba 2)Rvinis sinji

deli - gastronomi maRazia romelic vaWrobs yvelebiT, xorcis produqtebiT da sxv.


saqonliT (SemoklebiT sityvidan delikatesi)

delikatesi - 1) saWmeli, romelic iSviaTia wlis am dros 2) mravlobiT rivxvSi-civi


SeWamandebi, rostbifi, salaTa da a.S

jegeri(ing-ind) - muqi gauwmendavi Saqari Saqris lerwmisa an palmisagan


damzadebuli. patokis gemoTi gamoiyeneba indur samzareuloSi

diJestivi - sadilis Semdeg misaRebi sasmeli gansakuTrebiT liqiori romelic xels


uwyobs saWmlis monelebas (DIGESTIO niSnavs sakvebis monelebas)

83
diJoni(fr) - mdogvi momzadebuli moumwifebeli yurZnis mJave wvenisa da TeTri
Rvinisagan ( diJoni-qalaqi safrangeTis dasavleTSi)

dim-sim/sum(Cin. avstral) - patara cxare klecka xorcisa da kombostosagan,


Sexveuli von-tonSi, mzaddeba orTqlze an iwveba fritiurSi.

dolma(berZ. Turq.) - yurZnis (an kombostos) foTlebi farSirebuli cximiani brinjiT,


zogjer TxiliT, batknis dakepili xorciT. xSirad mezesTan moarTmeven

dolCelata(ital) - nestiani naRebis rbili yveli, Zroxis rZisgan damzadebuli , mocisfro


myesebiT (sityva sityviT tkbili rZe)

doner-qebabi(Turq) - dabasturmebuli batknis xorci. mas avardisfreben


salamandraze, Wrian wvril naWrebad, umateben salaTs, tuxinis da piures nutasgan da
yvelafer amas aTavseben daWril purSi pitta.

dukka(egvip) - dakepili Txili, gansakuTrebiT funduki, areuli sunelebTan. maT


miirTmeven purTan. awoben zeiTunis zeTSi.

duqseli(fr) - mcire raodenobis zeTis miqsi wvrilad daWrili xaxvisa da xaxvi-


Salotisgan sokosTan da tkbileulTan erTad. duqseli gamoiyeneba rogorc garniri an
SigTavsi. aseT kerZebs ewodebaT a la duqseli (magaliTad, omleti a la duqseli

sunTqva - Rvinis degustatorebis termini. asunTqe Rvino- niSnavs mieci mas


Sevides kontaqtSi haerTan, ris gamoc bokalebis Sevsebamde ramdenime wuTiT adre
boTlidan gamoaqvT sacobi. es aZlierebs bukets(surnels).

buSmenebis saWmeli(avstral) - nacionaluri avstraliuri samzareulo. trapeza bunebis


wiaRSi

J
Jardanieri, a la - kerZi garnirebuli bostneuliT- stafilo, boloki, lobio, yavavilovani
kombosto da barda

Jarovna - gadasatani tafa gamaTbobeliT, gamoiyeneba magidaze an urikaze


momzadebisTvis

Jasminis Cai - Cinuri Cai, romelic aromatizirebulia Jasminis yavavilebiT

Jelatini - nivTiereba, romelic miiReba cilis gamaerTianebeli qsovilisagan.


gamoiyeneba Tevzeulis an xerceulis labasmuli kerZebis momzadebisTvis.

Jiu (fr) - xorcis wveni. wveni romelic gamoiyofa xorcisgan misi Sewvis an moTuSvis
dros

Julieni(fr) - 1)bostneuli an xorci, daWrili wvrili Tanabari zolebiT garnirisTvis,


gansakuTrebiT konsomesTan (savaraudod kerZi atarebs Sef-mzareulis Jan Julienis saxels.
termini Julieni gvxvdeba kulinariaSi me-18 saukunidan). 2) bostneulis gamWirvale
wvniani.

84
SeWamandizakuska - kerZi romelsac miarTmeven sadilis dasawyisSi madis
aRsaZravad.

zelci - xorcis naWrebi, gansakuTrebiT xbosa da Roris Tavisgan romelic


momzadebulia labasmurad. miarTmeven civad.

marcvleuli - nebismieri marcvali, romelic gamoiyeneba sakvebSi (xorbali, Svria,


simindi, fetvi da a.S)
zafrana - krokusis tipis gamxmari yvavili, gamoiyeneba rogorc aromatuli
sanelebeli. is aZlevs sakvebs Ria yviTel fers, amitom mas gamoiyeneben rogorc
saRebavs kulinariaSi.
zRvis beRuras xizilala - zRvis beRuras kvercxebi, xSirad cnobilia rogorc zuTxis
xizilala. zRvis beRuras xizilalas Rebaven Sav an wiTel ferSi, damokidebulia imaze Tu
romel xizilalas imitacias waradgenen.
zRvisproduqtebi - sakvebad vargisi Tevzis zogadi saxelwodeba. ZiriTadad
moluskebis.
zRvis yuri - didi moluski (Haloitis) yuris formis niJara.

imbiri - mcenaris fesvi (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE), mas axali gaxexili saxiT


gamoiyeneben kariSi, gamomxmars da gadafqvuls rogorc tkbils da tkbili surneliT. zogjer
mas inaxaven sirofSi

cvari - garniri koqteilebisTvis. bokalis zedapirs vasvelebT limnis wvenSi, Semdeg


CavuSvebT SaqarSi an marilSi

eE
ekleri(fr) - patara cilindrisebuli tkbili namcxvari safuaris comisgan, mas
CanaWers ukeTeben da avseben kremiT an Sokoladis glazuriT.

enCilada(meqs) - maisis Semwvari puri , yvelis an xorcis SigTavsiT, gragnilis


formis. miarTmeven Cilis sousiT da guakamoleTi(cxare sousi avokadosagan) .
erTwuTiani dabegvili-xorcis nazi naWeri, romelic mzaddeba ara umetes erTi
wuTisa.

eskalopi(fr) - xorcis uZvlo wvrili naWrebi.

esencia - xilis, yvavilebisa da Txilis koncentrirebuli eqstraqti; iyeneben


aromatizirebisaTvis: mag vanilis esencia

estragoni - mcenare grZeli, viwro mwvane foTlebiT, gamoiyeneba rogorc


aromatuli mwvanili. franguli saxeoba ufro nazia. magram is Znelad moiyvaneba;
rusuli jiSis ufro magaria, gamZle, magram ufro uxeSicaa. estragoni- samzareulos
balaxebis erTerTi ingredientia.

espanuri zeTisxili - mwvane zeTisxili gansakuTrebiT nazi gemoTi, maTi mSveobiT


garnireben koqteiliebs

espanuri souzi - gazavebuli yavisferi sousi Sekmazuli pomidoriTa da xeresiT.

i
inglisuri sauzme, Cai - Savi indurisa da ceilonis Cais narevi

85
italiuri makaronis nawarmi - italiuri samzareulos ZiriTadi kerZi. maT amzadeben
mkvrivi xorblisagan an kartofilisagan, wyalsa da kvercxebSi narevs, yidian gamxmari
saxiT. arsebobs makaronis nawarmis farTo asortimenti (zogierTi maTgani aRwerilia am
glosariumSi)

iorkSiris pudungi - usafuaro comisgan damzadebuli perogi, romelic cxveba maszed


Semwvari xorcis wvenSi.

kabana(polon) - grZeli, wvrili, Sebolili Zexvi Rorisa da saqonlis xorcisgan,


Sezavebuli balaxebiT , miirTmeven civad

kaienuri wiwaka - cxeli sakmazi, romelsac amzadeben gamxmari dafquli Cilisagan,


zogjer magidaze dgamen patara grafinSi. mas aseve eZaxian wiTel wiwakas an dafqul
Cilis (warmoSobiT kaienidan, qalaqi frangul gaianeSi)

kaiuni - samzareulo, romelic daarses luizianaSi (aSS samxreT Stati) frangulad-


molaparake kreolebma. misi mTavri ingredientebia wiwaka, xaxvi da niaxuri, wiwakis
didi raodenobiT

kalabreze (ital) - ) brokolis mwvane axalgazrda wamonazardebi 2)cxeli, cxare


salami.

kalzoni (ital) - surnelovani sakonditro nawarmi picis fqvilisgan damzadebuli.

kalciumi - minerali aucilebeli kbiliebisa da ZvlebisTvis. yvelaze meti kalciumi aris


yvelSi da rZeSi

kamamberi-rbili yveli Zroxis rZisgan, nazi kaniT.

kanape(fr) - puris patara natexebi(Cveulebriv momwvari) an mSrali orcxobila,


garnirebuli xizilaliT, yveliT, paStetiT, Sebolili zuTxiT d a a.S. civad kanapes
miarTmeven rogorc SeWamands aperitivebTan. cxlad ki mTavari kerZis win.

kantalupa - muskusis nesvi

kantonis samzareulo - Cinuri samzareulos xuTi ZiriTadi stilidan erT-erTi swored


es stili yvelaze xSirad SeiZleba SegxvdeT dasavleT evropis Cinur restornebSi(kantoni-
aris qalaq guanjous Zveli saxelwodeba CineTis samxreTSi, arc Tu ise Sors
honkongidan).

86
kapersebi - xmelTaSuazRvis buCqnaris kvirtebi an axali nayofi(CAPPARIS
SPINOSA), iyeneben garnirad.

kapluni - dakodili wiwila, fasobs Tavisi nazi xorcis gamo.

kaponata(sicil) - kerZi damzadebuli badrijaniT, pomidorebiTa da niaxuriT, romelic


Sekmazulia kapersebiT, anCousebiT da zeTisxiliT- es yvelaferi iwveba zeiTunis zeTSi
da miarTmeven civad rogorc SeWamands.

kapretto (ital) - Tikani

kapriCiozo (ital) - sousi, romelSic aris pomidori, yveli, lori, soko, zeTisxili da
xSirad anCousi. Cveulebriv iyeneben picis SigTavsad.(CAPRICCIOSO niSnavs jiuts)

kombostos salaTa - salaTa umi, wvrilad daWrili TeTri kombostoTi, stafiloTi


xaxviTa da maioneziT.

karamelizireba - 1) Saqris karamelad gadaqceva gaTbobis meTodiT. 2) kerZs


davasxaT damdnari Saqari, rom man miiRos yavisferi Seferiloba.

karbonara(ital) - bekonisa da naRebisagan damzadebuli sousi, miarTmeven


makaronis nawarmTan.

karpaCo(ital) - umi saqonlis xorcis an Tinusis (Tevzia) naWrebi Zmris, provansis


zeTisa da saneleblebis sousSi, miarTmeven civad.

kari(ing-ind) - xorcisa an bostneulisgan momzadebuli kerZi saneleblebiT,


gansakuTrebiT kurkumiT, es induri kerZebis saerTo saxelwodebaa. inglisuri termini
movida tamiluri enidan(Crd. indoeTi), sadac is niSnavda sous, magram Tavad
indur samzareuloSi es termini iSviaTad gamoiyeneba.

kartofili fri - kartofils Wrian grZlad da wvaven friturSi. frangulad kerZs


ewodeba pom frit, anu kartofili daWrili wvril grZiv na

kasata(ital) - aguris formi nayinis fenovani torti sxvadasxva saxeobisgan,,


erT-erTi fena iJRinTeba liqioriT da Seicavs daSaqrul xils.

kasleri(germ) - dabasturmebuli Sebolili Roris ktletebi, maT wvrilad Wrian da


civad miarTmeven an anawevreben ufro msxvil naWrebad, da wvaven. (kerZs
daarqves mexorces saxeli berlinidan)

kasule(fr) - ragu lobiosa da


xorcisgan, gamomcxvari yvelis qerqiT.

qebabi-qabab-qebobi(Turq-ind.) - xorcis Tevzisa da bostneulis patara naWrebi


Samfurze momzadebuli.

kejeri (ing-ind) - brinjis mwvadi, Sebolili Tevzi, magrad moxarSuli kvercxi da


oxraxuSi, romelic Sekmazulia kurkumiTa da SafraniT.

kedaris Txili - xmelTaSuazRvis piniis Teslebi, es aris italiuri kerZis ingredient


saxelwodebiT pesto

kemberlendis
sousi - tkbil-mJava sousi, forToxlisa da limnis wveniT, pikanturi Jele wiTeli wiwak

87
da portveini, Cveulebriv marTmeven civad, Semwvar an moTuSul xorcTan
mkveTri suniT (cxvari, iremi, ixvi): (kemberlenidan. sagrafo inglisis CrdiloeTSi).

kerveli - patara,
oxraxuSis magvari foTlovani mcenare: gamoiyeneba sakmazad, gansakuTrebiT
frangul samzareuloSi; samzareulos balaxebidan erT- ingredientia.

keCupi
pomidvris , soko, Zmrisa da saneleblebis sousi, miarTmeven civad.
kvercxi Sotlandiurad(ing)-magrad moxarSul kvercxs axveven Zexvis farSSi,
amoavleben aTqvefil kvercxSi, avleben orcxobilaSi da wvaven fritiurSi. miirTmeven
civad.

kilpatriki (avstral) -
sousi, romlis mTavari ingredientia bekoni, tomatis sousi da vusterSiris sousi. as
Cveulebriv cxlad moarTmeven xamanwkebTan.

kimCi (korea.) -
kombostos cxelimarinadi, romelsac moarTmeven TiTqmis yvela saxis koreul
kerZebTan.
komSi mkvrivi yviTeli xili, vaSlis msgavsi, nazi aromatiT. xarSvisas vardisferi
xdeba. xSirad gamoiyeneba rogorc SigTavsi namcxvrebisTvis da pudingebisTvis, misgan
xarSaven araCveulebriv murabas.

mJavianoba -
termini, romelic gansazRvravs Rvinis mJavianobis dones.

Cinuri niaxuri - ix.


koriandri.

Cinuri Cai -
mwvane Cai; - xSirad moarTmeven rZis gareSe (ix. Jasminis Cai)

kiSi (fr) - Ria


perogi, moxarSuli kremiTa da sxvadasxva SigTavsiT.

kiS loreni (fr) -


kiSi, datenili cxare moxarSuli kremiT da bekoniT, moyrilia yveliT (lorini- provincia
safrangeTis Crdilo-aRmosavleTSi)

klafuti (fr) -
gamomcxvari pudingi comisgan safuaris gareSe, romelzec sqel fenad mosxmuli
xili, gansakuTrebiT Savi alubali moreli. moarTmeven Tbilad.

kliecki qoTanSi
nel cecxlze aduRebuli gamomcxvari comis burTulebi. isini tkbilia an cxare, SaqriT,
sirofiT an tkbileuliT Sekmazuli.

kneli(fr) - kliecka
Tevzis piuresgan, kvercxis cilisa da naRebisgan. zogjer Tevzis magier gamoiyeneba
xbos xorci an wiwila.

kobe - saqonlis
xorci marcvleuliTa da rZiT gamokvebili maRalxarisxiani xorci, romelic
gamoiyeneba iaponur samzareuloSi. (kobe-qalaqia iaponiaSi, q. osakas axlos)

88
qoqosi qoqosis
palmis nayofis rbilobi, romelic saWmelad gamoiyeneba. mas axmoben, wvrilad
Wrian da iyeneben kariSi perogebSi, pudingebsa da kanfetebSi

qokosis rZe - 1)
siTxe qoqosSi, 2) qoqosis rbilobisa da qoqosis rZis gadamuSavebuli miqsi, romelsac
iyeneben rogorc sasmels, an rogorc produqts aziur kulinariaSi.

qoqosis kremi-
qoqosis gadamuSavebuli rbilobisa da kokosis rZis sqeli miqsi, iyeneben kariSi da
aziur samzareulos kerZebSi.

kolri - bolokis
msgavsi bostneuli, gasqelebuli ReroTi

kom tumi (vietn) -


dakepili brinji, dafaruli Roris xorciT.(kom-aris brinji, tum -dakepili.)

kom Cini (Cin) -Semwvari brinji.

kompoti (fr) - siropSi moxarSuli xili; xilis narevi.

konde (fr).- sxvadasxva kerZebi, mieZRvnaT ufliswul kondes, didi frangi


generali(1621-86) an mis STamomavlebs. Cveulebriv konde aris civi deserti
xilisgan, gansakuTrebiT gargaris deserti, romlis irgvliv tkbili brinjis fafaa ganlagebuli.

konni (ital)- makaronis nawarmis saxeoba grZeli milakebi magvari, romlis


SigTavsia yveli xorci.

konservireba produqtebis Senaxva saxvadasxva meTodiT-gaxmoba,


damarileba, Sebolva, marinadeba.

konsome - ucximo wvniani, damzadebuli gamWvirvale bulionisagan. rogorc wesi


saqonlis xorcis. miarTmeven ufro xSirad cxlad, magram zogjer-civadac da
gvagonebs Jeles.

konfi (fr) - TiTqmis uZvlo xorcis naWeri, Cveulebriv ixvis, batis an nanadirevis,
romelic mzaddeba Tavis wvenSi da cximSi magrad daxurul qvabSi.

koniakis prianiki - oqrosfer-moyavisfro feris kruJaos magvari sakonditro


nawarmi, aromatizebuli imbiriT, Sexveuli cilindris formaSi. zogjer mas amzadeben
kolaTas formiT da masSi alageben deserts an nayinebs.

koriandri - aromatuli balaxi an cxare gemos suneli, mas aseve uwodeben


Cinur oxraxuSs. samxreTisa da samxreT-aRmosavleTis aziur samzareuloSi iyeneben
foTlebsac da Teslebsac.

korma (ind) - cxare xorci, romelsac TuSaven cximiani qoqosis sousSi, qoTanSi.

ktlet - 1) Zvalze xorcis msxvili nawili xbos an batknis elisgan. 2) Tevzis


msxvili naWeri Zvalze

kofeini - yavis an Cais SemadgenlobaSi Semavali rbili aRmgznebi saSualeba.

yava-komleqti(fr) - sayave an sarZeve, romelTanac moarTmeven kruasanebs,


karaqsa da murabas.
89
koSeri (ebr) - xorci da sxva produqtebi, momzadebuli ebraul iudevelTa
kanonebiT.

kremi anglezi(fr) - Txevadi konstinenciis moxarSuli kremi, romelic


momzadebulia orTqlis maduRaraSi.(zusti Targmani inglisuri kremi)

krem brule(fr) sqeli kremi, dafaruli karamelizirebuli Saqris sqeli xraSuna qerqiT
(briulee niSnavs )

kremi karameli (fr.) - moxarSuli kremi romelic karamelis sousiT


moTavsebulia specialur formaSi. rogorc ki formas SemoabrumebT, sousi iwevs zeviT da
kremis gverdebze wdeba.

sakonditro kremi (fr.) - sqel moxarSul kremSi amateben kvercxis cil aTqvefil
fqvils , ris Sedagadac Rebuloben kerZs romelic hgavs mus .kremi inarCunebs formas
tortebSi da desertebSi.

krem freSi (fr.) - sqel naRebSi amateben specialur kulturas, ris Sedegad naRebi
iZens cxare gemos da xdeba Zalian mkvrive konsistenciis (kreme fraiche niSnavs axali
naRebi)

krem fuette (fr.) - aTqvefili naRebi

krem Santili (fr.) - axal naRebs Tqvfaven da umateben vanilis Saqars (Santili aris
qalaqi parizis maxloblad)

kremi Sibusti (fr.) - sakonditro tipis moxarSuli kremi magram Jelatinis damatebiT.
kvercxis cilas Tqvifaven da amateben Tbil kremSi (Sibusti cnobili konditeri me-19
saukuni )

kremi a la (fr.) - naRebiT, naRebis souiT an moxarSuli kremiT momzadebuli


kerZebi

kreolis - tkbili kerZebi vestindoeTisa da samxreT aSS-s stilSi Seicavs wiTel


espanur wiwakas an bananebs, tkbil kerZebSi amateben Saqars, roms an bananebs

krepi/blinCiki (fr.) - Zalian Txeli blini orive mxridan Semwvari. Cveulebriv masze
SigTavss aTavseben da gragnian. krepebi SeiZleba iyos tkbilic da cxarec

krepineti (fr.) - wvrilad dafqvili xorci sakmazebiT, romelic pergamentze mzaddeba.


brtyeli Zexvi.

kresi 1)mwvane salaTa jvarferovnebis ojaxidan. 2)lepidium sativum, patara


mwvane amonazardebi patara Savi TeslebiT, Cveulebriv maT kres salaTebs an baRis
kress uwodeben

glexis sauzme (ingl.) - Sedgeba yvelisa da mJave kitrisgan. miirTmeven puris didi
naWriT da ludiT, gansakuTrebiT adgilobriv ludis barebSi

kroki monsiniori (fr.) - buterbrodi grenkiT, ufro xSirad loriT da gruies yveliT. krok
madams zemodan Semwvari kvercxi aqvs.

krokmbuSi (fr.) - patara funTuSebisagan Semdgari konusismagvari koSki,


moxarSuli kremis SigTavsiT an zemodan mosxmuli Saqris siropiT, tradiciuli saqorwilo
kerZi (zusti Targmani priSi xraSuna).
90
kroketi (fr.) - xorcis an Tevzis farSi bostneuliT an sakmaziT. masSi formis
SesanarCuneblad amateben sous da Zerwaven patara burTulebs, gragnilebsa da
katletebs. kroketebs amoavleben kvercxSi da puris namcecebSi Semdeg ki wvaven.

krostino(ital) - kanape an patara cxare grenoki, moareTmeven rogorc


SeWamands.(SeadareT krutons)

krSevo - pudingi romelic ori fenisgan Sedgeba. qveda fena-xilis,(mag vaSli)


zeda fena ki fxvieri fqvilis, Saqris da cximis namcecebia.

kruasani(fr) namglis formis tkbili funTuSa safuaris comisagan damzadebuli.


marTmeven sauzmeze karaqiTa da jemiT an SokoladiT(zusti Targmani
namgliseburi)

krudite(fr) - umi bostneulisagan damzadebuli salaTi specifiur sousSi, Cveulebriv


mis SemadgenlbaSi Sedis stafilo, oxraxuSi, soko, yvavilovani kombosto brokoli da
wiTeli wiwaka. sousebi aris sxvadasxvagvari ; sawebeli avokadosagan, maionezi,
taramasalata da nebismieri sxva rbili konsistenciis sousi.

kruti(fr) 1)orcxobilis saxeoba. 2) Semwvari puris naWeri, romelzedac deben


SeWamands.

krutoni(fr) - Semwvari puris patara kubiki. marTmeven


salaTebTan da bostneulis kerZebTan(SeadareT krostinos).

kulebiaka - franguli Tevzis perogis rusuli varianti, oragulis tradiciuli SigTavsiT,


brinjiT da magrad moxarSuli daWrili kvercxiT..

koko vani (qaTami RvinoSi) - wiwila, moTuSuli bekoniT qoTanSi,,xaxviT, nioriT


da sokoTi brendiSi da wiTel RvinoSi.

mwyeri - patara gareuli frinveli, axla maT fermaSi amravleben. restoranSi


miarTmeven or-or mewyers erT porciaze.

kuskusi(arab) - Crdiloafrikuli kerZi burRulisgan, cxvarisa da bostneulisgan

samzareulo - 1) sakvebis momzadebisTvis gankuTvnili Senoba Senoba an


mzareulebis Stati.
2) kulinaruli stili (magaliTad franguli samzareulo, taisis da a.S.)

samzareulo mansuri(fr) - kulinariuli stili, romelSic gamoiyeneba dabalkaloriuli


ingredientebi da romelic cvlis tradiciuli franguli samzareulos cximian sousebs
bostneulis piureTi da a.S. (Seiqmna miSel Jerardis mier, 1933; minceur niSnavs
tanads)

naturaluri samzareulo - kulinariis saxeoba, romelic gamoiyenebs axal


produqtebs. Zalian zomierad gamoiyeneba cximebi, alkoholi, marili da Saqari
(Seiqmna antoni mozimanis mier 1947w sastumroSi dorCesteri. londoni)

samzareulos balaxebi - mwvanili(kerveli, niaxuri, estragoni, da Snit-xaxvi) maT


kepaven, ureven da gamoiyeneben kerZisTvis aromatis misacemad, gansakuTrebiT
omletebs, xorcs da sxvadasxva sousebs).

L l
91
dafnis foToli - dafnis xis foTlebi; gamoiyeneba axal da gamxmar mdgomareobaSi
zapekankebisTvis, xorciani bulionebisTvis da marinadebisTvis aromatis misacemad. s
aseve Sedis garnirebisTvis gankuTvnili balaxebis tradiciul TaigulSi.

lazania (ital.) - didi firfitebis saxis makaronis nawarmi; kerZi romelic Sedgeba
lazaniis, xorcis souzis da yvelis souzis firfitebisgan

langusti (fr.) - zRvis kiborCxala (lobsteri)

lafSa - Txeli Zafiseburi comis naWrebi, romelic waagavs makaronis nawarms,


zogjer daxveulia Txel firfitebad (maT gamoiyeneben Cinur kulinariaSi rogorc sxva
kerZebis Sesaxvevs). evropuli lafSis umetes saxeobas amzadeben xorblis fqvilisgan da
kvercxebisgan, Tumca zogierTi maTgani brinjisganac mzaddeba, mxolod mcire
raodenobis mzaddeba kartofilisgan. aziuri? lafSa mzaddeba brinjisgan an xorblis
fqvilisgan da iSviaTad Seicavs kvercxs

lardo (fr.) - naWrebad daWrili Roris sala an bekoni , romlebsac umateben umi
xorcisagan damzadebul farSs , rom momzadebis procesSi mas aromati mieces, an am
naWrebs garnirad miarTmeven salaTebTan da bostneulTan.

zafxulis pudingi (ingl.) - deserti TeTri purisagan da axali wiTeli an Savi kenkrisagan ,
mocxarisagan.

limonis balaxi - balaxis msgavsi fafuki mcenare; gamoiyeneba sakvebis


aromatizaciisaTvis, gansakuTrebiT taisis kulinariaSi

lingvini (ital.) - makaronis nawarmis nairsaxeoba. grZeli, Zalian Txeli zolebi


marTkuTxad moWrili gverdebiT

lionezi, a la/lionurad - lionis stilSi (msxvili qalaqi safrangeTis samxreT-


aRmosavleTSi). kerZebi- xSirad garnirebuli xaxviT da kartofiliT.

lionis souzi - pirveladi moculobis xarSvis Sedegad ganaxevrebuli TeTri Rvinis,


Zmrisa da oqrosferi xaxvis miqsi. mas amateben naxevrad glazurSi.

lobsteri -msxvili zRvis kibosnairi didi marwuxebiT.(homarus) kiborCxalas gemoTi


da xorciT. frangebi mas omars uwodeben. namdvili lobsterebi ar binadroben samxreT
naxevarsferos wylebSi

xaxvi Saloti-patara yavisferi xaxvi (Allium ascalanicum).Zalian popularulia frangul


(misi meSveobiT souss aromatizeben) da aRmosavlur-aziur samzareuloebSi.

lungo (ital.)-yava espressos nairsaxeoba-grZeli Savi ylupi

lucernas amonazardi-lucernas SesaniSnavi amonazardebi, romelsac iyeneben


salaTebSi da buterbrodebSi.

mM
madleni, (fr.) - niJaras formis patara biskvitis orcxobila

maisi - simindi

maionezi - sousi an sakmazi kvercxis gulisa da karaqisagan, Zmrisgan, marilisgan,


wiwakasa da mdogvisgan.

92
maiorani - patara zomis buCqnari patra nacrisferi foTlebiT da TeTri yvavilebiT.
foTlebic, da yvavilebic surnelovania da gamoiyeneba rogorc suneli. gavs oregans,
magram aqvs ufro msubuqi aromatic. Sedis tradiciuli garnis Taigulis SemadgenlobaSi.

maraskini - italiuri liqiori mJave (maraskinis) alublisagan

maraskinis alubali - Ria wiTeli feris alubali, mas inaxaven maraskinis sirofSi.

margarita (ital.) - ubralo pica pamidoris, yvelis da mwvanilis SigTavsiT

marinadi - cxare dabasturmebuli xorci sqel motkbilo sousSi; Cveulebriv mis


SemadgenlobaSi Sedis erT-erTi Semdegi komponenetebidan an yvela erTad:mdogvi ,
vusterSiris sousi, Saqari da tomatis sousi.

marinadi - siTxeebis miqsi (Rvino, limoni, wveni, Zmari, mcenareuli zeTi, soios
sousi) mwvanilebiT da sakmazebiT, romelSic inaxeba produqtebi, maTTvis aromatis
misacemad

marinara (ital.) - kerZi zRvisproduqtebiT, magaliTad, spageti marinara (il mare


niSnavs <<zRva>>.

marmeladi - muraba an jemi xSirad forToxlebisgan, marTmeven sauzmeze


tostebTan.

marsala - sadeserto tkbili, magari wiTeli (TiTqmis yavisferi) Rvinis jiSi

marcipani - sqeli dakepili pasta kvercxis cilisgan; gamoiyeneba sakonditro


sawarmoebSi, gansakuTrebiT petifuris momzadebisTvis, aseve xilis tortebis
gasaformeblad

masala (ind.) - aromatuli suneli. magaliTad garam masala (cxare suneli)

makeduani (fr.) - xil-bostneuli, kvadratebad daWrili xili JeleSi, xilis salaTi (ewoda
makedoniis pativsacemad)

maskurione (ital.) - axali moumwifebeli sadeserto yveli, romelic zogierT tkbil kerZSi
cvlis naRebs.

karaqi melniCixa - Txilis karaqi limonis wvenis damatebiT

karaqi metrdoteli (fr.) - darbilebuli karaqi. masSi amateben sokos xaxviT, daWril
oxraxuSs da limnis wvens. miarTmeven TevzTan an grilis xorcTan erTad

karaqi fondiu (fr.) - karaqSi nela ureven limonis wvens, umateben TeTr wiwakas da
marils. xSirad miarTmeven moxarSuli an daorTqlil bostneulTan da moxarSuli TevzTan
erTad (fondu frangulidan niSnavs gamdnars)

maca (ebr.) - vafli comisgan safuaris gareSe. miirTmeven ebraelebis paseqze

macerireba - siTxeSi Calboba . xSir SemTxvevaSi produqtebs, gansakuTrebiT ki


xils alboben alkoholur sasmelebSi.

medalioni - xorcis patara, medalionis formis mrgvali naWeri, Cveulebriv


Zvlebisa da kanis gareSe.

93
meze(berZ. da Turq.) - civi SeWamandebis didi asortimenti. maT Soris iseTi
kerZebi, rogoricaa taramasalata da dolma: xSirad moarTmeven rogorc
damoukidebel kerZs.

melanJi(fr) - narevi, miqsi

melanzane ala parmiana (ital) - klasikuri italiuri kerZi. gamomcxvari badrijnis


fenebi , tomatis sousiT . mozarelaTi da parmezaniT.(melanzana italiurad aris badrijani)

melba-tosti - 1) puris Zalian Txeli Semwvari natexi.


2) puris patara sqeli kvadratuli naWrebi, romlebic qarxnuli wesiT aris
damzadebuli specialurad kanapesTvis (ewodeba qalbaton neli melbas (1861-1931) saxeli
_cnobili avstralieli operis omRerali.)

merenga - SaqriT aTqvefili da gamomcxvari kvercxis cila(ix, aseve pavlova)

metrdoteli sousi (fr) - gamdnari naRebis karaqis, oxraxuSisa da limnis


wvenisagan damzadebuli franguli sousi.

metuzula - cqriala Rvinis didi boTli, romelic standartuli moculobis rva boTlis
tolia (0,75) . (metuzula iyo bibliuri personaJi yvelaze mxcovani, gadmocemiT man 969
weli icxovra.)

sakonditro tomara - misi meSveobiT aformeben namcxvrebs kremiT, naRebiT


da sxva.

mil-fuie(fr) - torti safuaris fenovani comisagan, aTqvefili naRebiTa da jemiT.


torti SeiZleba iyos cxarec, roca comis korJebs xorcisa da Tevzis sousiT kmazaven
(fr, dan niSnavs aTasfurclians)

nuSis pasta - ix. marcipani

minestrone(ital) - sqeli wvniani bostneulisa da makaronis nawarmisagan


damzadebuli.

minioni(fr) - patara nugbari, magaliTad file minioni

minioneti(fr) - 1)uxeSad dafqvili TeTri wiwaka; 2) xorcis patara naWrebi,


momzadebuli gansakuTrebuli wesiT.

marini(iapon) - tkbili brinjis Rvino alkoholis dabali SemcvelobiT; ZiriTadad


gamoiyeneba iaponur samzareuloSi.(ix. sake)

miso(iap.) - aWrili tofus pasta; gamoiyeneba miso Sirus momzadebisTvis.

misoSiru(iap) - wvniani misosa da bulionisagan damzadebuli kerZi; mas xSirad


sauzmeze miirTmeven.

mozarela(ital) - maRali konsistenciis italiuri yveli, gaxurebisas xdeba welvadi,


(klasikuri mosarTavi zedapiri picisTvis.

mozelveini - sakmaod tkbili, TeTri Rvino germaniidan (md. mozeli germaniaSi.)

moluski - moluskebis nairsaxeoba rbili mTliani taniT, segmentebis gareSe,


gansxvavebiT kiborCxalisnairebisagan, da niJarebianebisagan. moluskebs ekuTvniT
lokokinebi, xamanwkebi, midiebi da kalmarebi da a.S.
94
moreli, alubali - muqi mware alubali, romlisganac aduReben murabas da
pudingebisTvis amzadeben SigTavs.

morni - yvelis sousi, rZisa da naRebisagan, mSrali mdogvis damatebiT(filipe de


morni (1549-1623), anri IV Tanamedrove waerCinebuli didgvarovani).

mortadela(ital) - msubuqad Sebolili sqeli italiuri Zexvi Ria vardisfer ferSi Roris
qonis CanamatebiT. zogjer mas aromatizeben oxraxuSiT, fistaSkebiT, wiwakiT,
koriandris TeslebiTa da mwvane zeTisxiliT; moarTmeven antipastoSi.

marmarilos xorci - xorci cximiani myesebiT.

musaka(berZ) - acxoben badrijanSi gamomcxvari xorcis farSi, zemodan


damatebuli yvelis sousiT.

musemeni(fr) - 1) naRebiT areuli Tevzis an xorcis piure,


2) sousi, romelSic naRebs amateben.

musi(fr) - msubuqi fafuki kerZi, Cveulebriv JelatiniT, zemodan aTqvefili naRebiT.


musi SeiZleba iyos tkbili an cxare(mag Sokoladis musi, oragulis musi da a.S...)

xorcis farSi - dakepili xorci saneleblebiT. gamoiyeneba rogorc SigTavsi.

pitna - balaxi (Mentha), romelsac uamravi nairsaxeoba aqvs; gamoiyeneba


aromatis misacemad , aseve garniris saxiT tkbil da cxare kerZebTan.

vietnamuri pitna - (POLigonum oloratum), mas aseve cxares uwodeben. vietnamur


samzareuloSi garniris funqcias asrulebs.

sadilisSemdgomi pitna - Sokoladi pitnis gemoTi, moarTmeven sadilis Semdeg


yavasTan.

pitnis sousi - wvrilad daWrili baRis pitnisa alaos Zmrisa da Saqrisagan


damzadebuli Txevadi sousi ; miarTmeven civad, Cveulebriv Semwvar TikanTan.

n
naxSirwylebi - mniSvnelovani energomatarebeli mkvebavi nivTiereba; naxSiris,
wyalbadisa da Jangbadis organuli komponenti(saxamebeli, Saqari da celuloza-
naxSirwylebis jgufia)

nam-pla(taisk) - Tevzis mariliani cxare sousi, gamoiyeneba kulinariaSi.

nam-priki(taisk) - krevetebis cxare sousi; miarTmeven rogorc sakmazs.

nan(ind) - tundurSi gamomcxvari brtyeli puri.

nasturcia - mcenare (tropaeolum majus) sakvebisTvis vargisi foTlebiT, wiwakas


gemoTi, xasxasa yviTeli yvavilebiT, maT salaTebSi iyeneben. Teslebs amwnilebaen da
iyeneben rogorc kapersebs.

95
naCo(meqs.) - simindis solomka, moarTmeven bobebisagan, pomidvrebisgan da
/an xorcisagan momzadebuli cxare sousTan erTad. romelic moyrilia gaxexili yveli
an dasxmulia araJani an guacamole.

nem-nungi(vietn) - grilze damzadebuli Roris farSis burTulebi brinjis qaRaldSi


,salaTis foTolTan, kitrTan da pitnasTan erTad gaxveuli.

nioki(ital) - makaronis nawarmi patara kleckebis saxiT, amzadeben kartofilisgan


an mananis burRulisgan.

nori(iap) - zRvis wyalmcenaris nairsaxeoba, romelsac axmoben da presaven


Txel firfitebad; maTgan amzadeben Sesaxvevs suSisaTvis, romelic aseve saWmelad
gamoiyeneba.

normandi, a la normandiulad(fr) - normandiul stilSi. kerZi vaSlebiT, kalvadosiTa


da naRebiT.

normandiuli sousi - sqeli sousi naRebisgan da Tevzis bulionisagan.

nuti - Turquli barda (cicer arietinum). es aris ZiriTadi sakvebi produqti Suaaziur
samzareuloSi, gamoiyeneba iseTi kerZebis momzadebisTvis rogoricaa piure
nutasagan da felafuli.

niuburgi - kiborCxalisebrTa momzadebisa da mrTmevis wesi, (gansakuTrebiT


lobsterebisa da kiborCxalebis) kerZis sousi mzaddeba xeresisagan, naRebisa da
kvercxis gulisgan (gamoigona Sef-mzareulma niu-iorkidan vengburgma, man Tavisi
gvaris pirveli sami aso Secvala sityviT axali)

o
Ju(fr) - xorci Tavis wvenSi.

qeri - 1) qeris fafa. 2)mSrali naxevradfabrikati dakepili marcvleulisagan,


romelsac parkebSi uSveben.

okra- mcenare( Hibiscus escuolentis), romelsac aseve uwodeben qalis TiTas an


bamias; popuilaruli bostneuli axloaRmosavleTisa da kreolis kulinariaSi

oloroso - espanuri xeresis oqrosferi tkbili jiSi

omleti - kvercxs Tqvifaven saneleblebTan erTad da wvaven cxel naReb karaqze


Sesqelebamde. zogjer Sewvis damTavrebamde masSi amateben SigTavs, magaliTad
sokosa da yvels.

Txilis zeTi - zeTis sousi romelic gaxurebulia yavisframde(Txilis feri),


moarTmeven Zalian cxlad.

96
gaRiaveba - gamWvirvaleba. moacileT bulions qafi, narCenebi da a.S.
SegiZliaT bulioni gaaRiavoT da masSi moxarSoT kvercxis cila.

oso buko(ital) - cximian qoTanSi moTuSuli xbos fexebi tomatSi, RvinoSi da


bostneulis sousSi; Cveulebriv moarTmeven brinjiT, garnirebuli oxraxuSiT da limnis
cedriT.

ot kuizin(fr) - daxvewili samzareulo. maRali donis kulinariuli xelovneba.

sacobiT gafuWebuli Rvino - Rvino, romelic gafuWda defeqtiani sacobis gamo.


Tu Rvino magrad aris gafuWebuli, is mwardeba da mas cudi suni aqvs.

Ria perogi SigTavsiT - SigTavsad iyeneben xils, yvels da a.S

p
pavlova(avstral. ax.zeland.) - nazi torti merenga aTqvefili naRebiTa da
xiliT(daerqva ana pavlovas saxeli-rusi ballerina(1882-1931)

panzanela(ital) - salaTa gamxmari purisgan, pomidvrebisa da xaxvisagan. da


a.S.

paprika - wiTeli wiwaka(capsicum annuum); mas yiduloben dafqvils da


gamoiyeneben garnirad, agreTve kerZebisaTvis aromatisa da feris misaniWeblad.

parmezani(ital) - Zalian magari, mSrali yveli, romelsac gamoiyeneben italiur


samzareuloSi(parmidan, qalaqi italiis CrdiloeTSi)

orTqlis maduRara - didi gaxsnili WurWeli, nawilobriv avsebuli cxeli wyliT,


romelSic aTavseben qvabs, romlis Semadgenlobac orTqlze duRs.(frangulidan ain
marie niSnavs maris abazanas)

gemi(orTqmavali) - Cinur samzareuloSi sakvebis momzadebis meTodi rodesac


tafa bulioniT Tavsdeba specialur gamaTbobelze magidis SuagulSi, stumrebi ki
uwoben masSi umi produqtebis naWrebs da Tvals adevneben maT momzadebas.
trapezis bolos bulioni xdeba cximiani da gemrieli da mas miirTmeven.
rogorc wvnian kerZs.

parfe (fr) - 1) gayinuli naRebisagan damzadebuli pudingi,


2) xilisa da nayinis fenovani deserti(miarTmeven maRal WiqebSi).
3) naRebiT narevi cxare xorcis paSteti,

pastisi(fr) - anisiT aromatizirebuli magari franguli liqiori,.

pastrami - saqonlis cxare Sebolili xorci, romelic sunelebSi da Sav wiwakaSia


amovlebuli. Cveulebriv mas zolebad Wrian da mJave kitrTan erTad Wvavis purze
buterbrodebs akeTeben.

faxlava(berZn. Turq) - TafliT gajRenTili, fqvilisgan damzadebuli sakonditro


nawarmi nuSiTa da tkbileuliT,. tradiciulad faxlavas samkuTxedebad Wrian.

paSteti(fr) - sxvadasxva saxis xorcisa da Tevzis miqsis pasta, mwvaniliTa da


zogjer alkoholiT.

97
paSteti Sinaurulad - paSteti, romelic mzaddeba mzareulis sakuTari receptiT.

paelia (esp.) - zafranaTi aromatizirebuli brinjis kerZi , romlis SemadgenlobaSi Sedis


wiwilisa da kiborCxalasnairTa xorci , Sorizo, barda da sxva bostneuli.

pekani - priala yavisferi Txili (misisipi, a.S.S.)

pekinurad, ixvi (Cin) - mandarinis ixvis xraSuna tyavs blinebSi gaxveuls


miirTmeven mwvane xaxviT, kitriTa da sousiT xoi-Sin. TviT ixvis xorci ki calke moaqvT.

pekinuri,stili - Cinuri samzareulos xuTi ZiriTadi stilidan erT-erTi. pekinuri


samzareulo msubuqi da delikaturia.

peperoni(ital) - konservirebuli tkbili wiwaka,

pepperoni(ital) - saqonlis an Roris magari ganelebuli saliami

gamosaxdeli aparati - tradiciuli distilatori alaos viskis, koniakisa(Sarantis ormagi


gamoxdis aparati) da armaniakis gamosaxdelad, sadac spirts porciebiT distilireben.
Seuwveteli distilaciisa-gan gansxvavebiT. romelsac iyeneben Tanamedrove spirtiani
sasmelebis warmoebisTvis.

mwyeris kvercxebi - qaTmis kvercxze samjer ufro patara zomis kvercxi, xSirad
magrad moxarSuls miarTmeven SeWamandis saxiT

surnelovani pilpili - wiwakis mcenaris Teslebi, agroveben da gadaamuSaveben


Semdegnairad :1) mwvane wiwakas agroveben, rodesac Teslebi jer kidev rbilia da
mwvane, maT Cveulebriv inaxaven marinadSi boTlebSi, magram zogjer axalsac
iyeneben. 2) Sav wiwakas agroveben , rodesac kani yviTldeba, xolo birTvi magrdeba.
nayofs axmoben, kans aZroben. 3) rogorc ki nayofi wiTldeba, zeda kans aZroben,
xolo birTvebs axmoben da Rebuloben TeTr pilpils. is aris ufro cxare da arc Tu ise
aromatuli rogorc Savi.

atami melba - atmis naxevrebi, datenili vanilis nayiniTa da Jolos piureTi

pesto(ital) - pasta momzadebuli bazilikis, yveli parmezanis, kedaris Txilis,


nivrisa da zeiTunis zeTis narevisagan.

petifuri(fr) - patara figuruli namcxvari an biskviti. arsebobs sxvadasxva


variantebi: ubralo petifurebi mSralia da ar aris morTuli. axali petifurebi es
miniaturuli keqsebia, gayinuli marcepanis kanfetebi da daSaqruli xili; tkbili
petifurebi aperitivebad miirTmeva.
(frangulidan Targmani niSnavs patara keqsebs).

pikalili - yviTeli marinadi damzadebuli dakepili bostneulis, mdogvisa da cxare


saneleblebisagan.

filavi(Turq) - axloaRmosavleTis samzareulos kerZi; brinji sunelebiT, wiwila an


Tevzi - yvelaferi mzaddeba erTad.

flavi(ind) - filavis induri varianti, Cveulebriv mzaddeba wiwilis , cxvris an


Tikanis xorcisagan , sunelebiT.

ludis bari - kafe, romelic vaWrobs alkohiluri sasmelebiT. gansakuTrebiT ludiT,


aseve saWmliTa da yaviT.

pikanturi - cxare, gemrieli.


98
piperadi(fr) - kerZi damzadebuli moTuSuli pomidorebisagan, espanuri wiwakisa ,
xaxvisa da niorisagan, Sereuli aTqvefili kvercxiT. mzaddeba Zalian nel cecxlze.

pitta(berZ) - brtyeli, mrgvali orfenovani puri, romelsac Wrian da SigTavsiT


avseben, jibis puri

pica(ital) - TefSis magvari comis forma, sxvadasxvagvari SigTavsiT, Cveulebriv


es aris yveli, pomidorebi da mwvanili.

mocurave kunZulebi, - patara namcxvari . merengisagan damzadebuli patara


burTulebi, avleben rZeSi da miarTmeven moxarSuli kremis sousSi.

palenta(ital) - simindis sqeli fafa , mas wvaven an acxoben, miarTmeven xorcian


kerZebTan. (Zalian hgavs megrul Roms).

naxevrad glazuri - cximiani, yavisferi sousi naxevrad moxarSuli bulionisagan,


masSi xSirad umateben maderas, xeres, da brendis.

pom anna (fr) - kartofils Wrian naWrebad da naRebis karaqSi amzadeben.


Sedeged gamodis mkvrivi perogi. miarTmeven daWrils (kerZi miuZRvnes anna de
lionels, meore imperiis cnobil pirovnebas, 1860)

pom diuSesi(fr) - kartofilis piure kvrcxis guliTa da naRebis karaqiT. gragnilis


forma micemuls maT Semdgom acxoben.

pom nuazeti(fr) - naRebis karaqSi amovlebuli kartofilis patara burTulebi .

pom sote(fr) - moxarSul kartofils swrafad wvaven, Cveulebriv xaxv-SalotTan an


bekonoT erTad.

pomadka - perogebze wasasmelad gankuTvnili aromatizirebuli Saqrisa da


glazuris miqsi . misi mirTmeva SeiZleba kidev rogorc damoukidebeli zogjer SokoladiT
mosxmuli deserti .

ponCiki - tkbil da cxare produqtebs uSveben Txel comSi safuaris gareSe, xolo
Semdeg wvaven fritiurSi.

potaJi(fr) - (naRebis) sqeli wvniani.

xorci TaTrulad, - axlgazrda, umi saqonlis xorci umi kvercxis gulSi, romelic
Sekmazulia kapersebiT, dagrexili xaxviT da oxraxuSiT.

pot-o-feri(fr) - klasikuri kerZi dabal cecxlze moTuSuli saqonlis xorci bostneulTan.


Sedegad miRebul bulions miirTmeven xorcis win (zusti TargmaniqoTani, moTuSuli
qoTani)

praline - SaqarSi Semwvari nuSis an Txilis nugbari, winaswar wvrilad daWril


pralines amateben zogierT tkbil kerZSi, (kerZi gamoigona lasanma, marSal duplen-
pralines Sef-mzareulma1630)

pretceli(amer) - mariliT moyrili mSrali krendeli , miarTmeven madis aRsaZravad ,


xSirad ludTanac.

princes, a la(fr) - asparagusis (satacuri) boloebis msgavsi garniri.

99
sakmazi - mag. mdogvi, soios sousi, pikuli: kerZebs gemos aZlevs. Cveulebriv
maT kerZSi mas mere amateben rac magidasTan miarTmeven.

piSuSxas sakmazi - gaxexil xrens ureven naRebs, Zmars da tkbileuls;


Cveulebriv miarTmeven rostbifTan, Sebolil kalmaxTan da skumbriasTan.

pritikini - kulinariuli stili, romelsac ewoda natan pritikinis saxeli (1915-1985),


romelic specialuri dietis dacviT iRwvoda qolesterinis daklebisTvis, radgan is uamrav
daavadebas iwvevda.

provansali - nivris maionezi provansali

provansali, a la (fr) - provansis stilSi(provincia safrangeTis CrdiloeTSi); kerZebi


momzadebuli pomidvriTa da nivriT.

profitroli (fr) - safuaris comisgan damzadebuli patara tkbil- kremiani funTuSa,


romelsac zemodan Sokolads asxamen.

proSuto(ital) - cxare, Sebolili wvrilad daWrili lori, Cveulebriv miarTmeven


nesvTan da laRvTan.

puan, a(fr) - termini, romelic gansazRvravs dabegvili xorcis (steikis) momzadebis


xarisxs, saSualod Semwvari dabegvili xorci vardisferi sisxliT.

pudingi - msubuqi kerZi romlis ingredientebi areulia fqvilSi an cximSi,


Cveulebriv mas acxoben an amzadeben orTqlze; mag saSobao pudingi an iorkSiris
pudingi.

pumpernikeli(germ) - Wvavis gaucreli fqvilisagan gamomcxvari puri. xSirad


miarTmeven rogorc kanapes, daWrils patara wreebad an kvadratebad.

piure(fr) - nebismieri produqti sqeli da priala pastis saxiT. magaliTad piure


wiwilasagan.

piure nutisagan(berZ. da arab.) - piure momzadebuli nutisa da kunJutis


Teslebis pastisagan. xSirad miarTmeven pitas purTan rogorc SeWamands.

r
ravioli(ital) - comis kvadratebi, farSirebuli xorciT, yveliT rikoti an bostneuliT
(pelmenebis msgavsi ram).

ragu(fr) - moTuSuli kerZi.

ragu kurdRlis (ing) - sakuTar sisxlSi da RvinoSi qoTanSi moTuSuli danawevrebuli


kurdReli , bostneuliTa da saneleblebiT.

kiborCxalasnairebi - kiborCxalebi, lobsterebi, krevetebi, grebeSkebi,


xamanwkebi, kirCxibebi.

100
wm. Jakis niJarebi(fr) - sarWi naRebis sousSi, miarTmeven missive niJaraSi
kartofilis piuresTan erTad. (sarWis niJara piligrimebis simbolos warmoadgenda,
romlebic wm. Jakis akldamas naxulobdnen espaneTis CrdiloeTiT)

ramukini - 1) qoTanSi an specialur formaSi gamomcxvari cxare SeWamandi; 2)


porciuli qoTani an porciuli forma.

ratatui(fr) - moTuSuli bostneuli provansulad(pomidorebi, xaxvi, badrijani, wiTeli


wiwaka da cukini), Sekmazuli nivriTa da dafqvili Savi pilpiliT.

remuladi(fr) - korniSonebiT, kapersebiT, anCousiTa da mwvaniliT Sekmazuli


maioneziani sousi.

rizoto(ital) - brinji, ukeTesia aorborio, bostneulTan erTad(zogjer xorcTan da


TevzTan). xarSaven xorcis bulionSi sanam brinji ar Seiwovs mTel siTxes. garnirebulia
daxexili yveliTa da sakmazebiT.

rizoto milanurad(ital) - brinji xaxvian bulionSi, romelic Sekmazulia zafraniTa da


yveliT parmezani.

rikota(ital) - TeTri, namiani, rbili yveli, romelic ZiriTadad momzadebulia rZis


Sratisgan.

brinjis qaRaldi - sakvebad gamosadegi qaRaldi aRmosavluri xis rbilobidan


miRebuli ; gamoiyeneba aziur kulinariaSi.

brinjis Zmari - rbili Zmari, romelsac gamoiyeneben aziur kulinariaSi marinadebis


mosamzadeblad an kerZebisTvis mJave gemos misacemad.

saSobao pudingi(ingl) - rTuli, orTqlze momzadebuli pudingi, romlis


SemadgenlobaSic Sedis gamxmari, axali da daSaqruli xili, tkbileuli, Txili, kvercxebi,
cximi da brendi. mas amzadeben Sobamde ramdenime TviT adre, xolo Semdeg
acxeleben.

rqovana - rqovana xis nayofi(ceratolina siliqua) mas fqvaven da iyeneben rogorc


Saqris an Sokoladis Semcvlels.

rokfori(fr) - cxvris rZisgan damzadebuli , lurj myesebiani , naRebis msubuqi yveli


(rokfori-raionia safrangeTis CrdiloeTiT)

romanoff/romanovi(fr) - 1)kitris garniri duqselis farSis SigTavsiT; 2) marwyvi


dasvelebuli liqior kurasoSi, miarTmeven Santilis kremTan erTad.(romanovebi-samefo
dinastia, romelic marTavda ruseTs 1613-1917 ww. bevri frangi mzareuli uZRvnida
Tavis kerZs saimperatoro gvaris warmomadgenlebs)

rosso - vermutis tkbili vardisferi saxeoba.

roti(ind) - puris saerTo saxelwodeba, gansakuTrebiT brtyeli puris, romelic


mzaddeba Capatis tipis usafuaro comisagan. roti da dali aris Crdilo-induri
samzareulos ZiriTadi kerZebi.

rus, a la/rusulad - rusul stilSi, xSirad ase uwodeben zalivnoi anu labalmul
kerZebs damzadebuls kiborCxalebisagan maioneziT an Sofruas sousTan. marTmeven
rusul salaTebTan.

Tevzis bulioni frangulad - Tevzis bulioni TeTri RviniT, balaxebiTa da bostneuliT.


101
s
sabaioni(fr) - kvercxebis gulis, TeTri Rvinisa da Saqris narevs Tqvifaven da
Rebuloben sqel, fafuk deserts, miarTmeven Tbilad waagavs italiur zabaiones.

sabaioni, sousi - kvercxis gulisa da cqriala Rvinis erToblivad aTqvefis Sedegad


miRebuli sousi . miarTmeven TevzTan.

savareni - rgolis formis safuaris comisagan gamomcxvari keqsi, romelSic aris


kremi an moxarSuli kremi da mosxmulia romiT(ewoda J.a.bria-savarenis saxeli
(1755-1826) , gastronomi da mwerali)

salamandra - vertikalurad ganlagebuli grili, romlis gaTbobac zemodan modis;


gamoiyeneba gavardisferebisTvis da zogierTi kerZis momzadebisTvis

salaTa romeni - salaTis jiSi grZeli da xorciani foTlebiT.

salmi(fr) - nanadirevis ragu RvinoSi; xSirad am kerZis momzadebas asruleben


magidasTan stumrebis Tvalwin.

salmi, sousi(fr) - salmisTan misarTmevi sousi: wveni, romelic gamoiyofa


nandirevis moTuSvis periodSi, xsnian RvinoSi,, romelic areulia espanur sousTan.

salsa(ital.esp. meqs.) - 1)sousi;


2)daCexili umi bostneulis miqsi, mirTmeuli rogorc axali Catni salsa de
pomodoro (ital).tomatis sousi salsa verde-vinugreti anCousiTa da kapersebiT an wvrilad dakepili
oxraxuSiT (esp. sityva sityviT mwvane sousi)

sate(malaz) - xorcis an Tevzis kubebi bambukis Samfurebze. wvaven grilze da


miarTmeven sousTan sate.

sate, sousi(malaz) - sqeli sousi gatexili Txilisa da limnis wvenisagan;


miarTmeven satesTan.

Saqris glazuri - Saqris pomadka , gamoiyeneba perogebis dasamzadeblad.


glazurirebuli xilis mosamzadeblad maT jer kvercxis cilaSi amoavleben an limnis
wvenSi , xolo Semdeg glazurSi.

saSimi(iap) - wvrilad daWrili umi Tevzi. moarTmeven daikonis bolokTan an


vosabisTan erTad.

sevapCiCi(serb) - Zexvi kanis gareSe an xorcis burTula xorciani asortisagan,


romelic gadamuSavebulia wiTel wiwakasa da niorTan erTad.

unagiri - xorcis didi naWeri misi zurgidan.


semolina(ital) - mkvrivi xorblis an uxeSad dafqvili brinjis marcvali;
gamoiyeneba makaronis nawarmisa da kerZebis momzadebisTvis saxelwodebiT
kuskusi

siCuani - erTerTi wamyvani stili CineTis samzareuloSi. misTvis


damaxasiaTebelia cxare da tkbili kerZebi(siCuani aris provincia CineTis Crdilo-
dasavleTSi)
102
skoni - Svriis an xorblis lepeSka , miarTmeven jemTan da naRebis karaqaTan
an sqel naRebTan erTad.

tkbili xorci - ase uwodeben kulinariaSi cxovelis Ciyvisa da kuWqveSa


jirkvlebs(Cveulebriv xbos an batknisas).

naRebi - 1) rZis sqeli, cximiani nawili. ukeTesad rom aiTqvifos naRebSi


umateben gamasqelebel komponents(mag, Jelatins);
2)kerZi, romelic Tavisi konsistenciiT gavs naturalur naRebs; deserti, romlis
SemadgenlobaSic Sedis naRebi(mag naRebis kremi, naRebis karaqi da a. S.); naRebis
wvniani.

Sededebuli naRebi - pasterizebuli rZisagan miRebuli naRebi, maT aciveben da


tradiciulad miarTmeven funTuSebTan da jemTan erTad naRebis Caize.

naRebis yveli - rbili advilad wasasmeli yveli.

slivovica - naRebis brendi balkaneTis qveynebidan.

araJani - cximiani naRebi, romelsac umateben specialur kulturas cxare gemos


misacemad.(es ar aris amJavebuli naRebi)

soios sousi - mniSvnelovani ingredienti da popularuli sakmazi aRmosavleT-aziur


samzareuloSi; mzaddeba soios marcvlisa da wylisagan, sxva ingredientebis
damatebiT(xorbali, Zmari, marili da sxv), arsebobs soios Zmris mravali saxeoba, maT
Soris iaponuri Soiu da teriakis sousi.

alao - marcvali, gansakuTrebiT Svriis, jer asveleben wyalSi mere aSroben.


procesSi kraxmali gadaiqceva maltozad(alaos Saqari). alaos gamoiyeneben ludis
mosaxarSadac, misgan awarmoeben agreTve alaos viskis.

alaos viski - Sotlandiuri viskis tradiciuli nairsaxeoba, damzadebuli mxolod Svriis


alaosagan da romlis distilacia xdeba gamosaxdel aparatSi.

alaos Zmari - magari, muqi yavisferi Zmari, romelic miiReba alaosagan.


iyeneben ZiriTadad bostneulis da sxva produqtebis marinadebisaTvis. Cveulebriv
alaos ZmriT asveleben Tevzs da Cipsebs.

sosisebi - Sebolili patara Zexvebi saqonlisa da Roris xorcisgan damzadebuli .


maT Cveulebriv xarSaven da miarTmeven puris funTuSaSi rogorc hot-dogs; sul
mcire zomis koqteilis sosisebs ki rogorc SeWamands miarTmeven.

sote(fr) - swraf cecxlze momzadebuli produqtebisagan Semgari kerZi.

spageti(ital) - makaronis nawarmis saxeoba. grZeli salominkebis saxiT

sakmazi - aromatuli an cxare bostneulis substancia; gamoiyeneba kerZebSi


sakmazad. mag.:koriandri, wiwaka, kurkula.

standartuli buterbrodi - ramdenime feniani buterbrodi saxvadasxva SigTavsiT.


buterbrodi SeiZleba iyos cxeli da civi.

stiltoni(ing) - naRebis cximiani yveli lurJi myesebiT, dRes misi mirTmeva


miRebulia yvelis langarze(dafa) . tradiciulad ki stiltons magidaze mTlianad
moitandnen Semdeg ki kovziT akeTebdnen masSi CaRrmavebas, romelSic asxamdnen

103
portveins da ise miirTmevdnen (stiltoni sofelia centralur inglisSi)

parkovani wiwaka - mcenareTa ojaxi saerTo saxelwodebiT wiwaka. masSi


Sedis Cili da tkbili wiwaka

sukiiaki(iap) - xorcis patara naWrebi, amzadeben magidaze mcenareul zeTSi;


stumrebs TviTon gadmoaqvT saerTo Sesawvavi langaridan; kerZi fondius
stilSi(suki niSnavs amoRebas, iaki - grilze momzadebuls.)

sumaxi(axl.aRm) - sunelia romliTac cxare kerZebs kmazaven, gansakuTrebiT


qebabi.

sundei/sandei - deserti sirofiani plombiriT , TxiliTa da xiliT.

supreme, sousi(fr) - patara brinjis burTulebi an sendviCebi, ZmriT Sezavebuli da


morTuli nelmarilSi gamoyvanili umi TevziTa an sxva delikatesebiT, xSirad Sexveulia
noriSi.

sufle(fr) - tkbili,an cxare sousis narevi, romelSic amateben aTqvefili kvercxis


cilas; TiTqmis yovelTvis miarTmeven cxlad, maSin roca civi tkbili sufle mzaddeba
kvercxis cilis damatebiT (magaliTad xilis sufle, yvelis sufle,Sokoladis sufle)

t
tabasko - cxare patentirebuli sousi Cilis cxare wiwakasagan. yidian patar
boTlebSi, miT kmazaven xorcsa da kerZebs kvercxisagan, aseve koqteilebs (tabasko
aris Stati meqsikaSi)

tamarindi(arab) - tamarindis xis nayofi, induri finiki; misi Savi rbilobi


gamoiyeneba indur samzareuloSi

tanduri(ind) - Tixis Rumeli Ria TaviT.

tanduri(ind) - tandurSi momzadebuli kerZi(mgaliTad wiwila tanduri)

104
tapasi(esp) - cxare, msuye koqteilis SeWamandi. mas xSirad miarTmeven
larnakSi, saidanac stumrebi TviTon ideben TefSze.

tapas-bari - ludis an koqteilis bari, sadac tapas miarTmeven.

taramasalata(berZ). - naRebis rbili , vardisferi pasta, xizilaliT zeiTunis zeTiTa da


nivriT; Cveulebriv mas SeWamandad mogarTmeven.

tartari,sousi/TaTruli sousi - maionezis sousi magrad moxarSuli kvercxis


gulebisagan , wvrilad daWrili mwvane xaxvis , Snit-xaxvisa da kapersebisagan.
miarTmeven TevzTan.

tepaniaki(iap) - xorci , Tevzi da bostneuli, romlebsac magidaze wvaven (sityva


sityviT magidaze Semwvari)

termidori - langustis an lobsteris recepti, romlebic gamomcxvaria niJarebSi


kremis sousSi da cxare mdogviT.

kbil-mJave sousi -
Cinuri samzareulos popularuli sousi Saqrisgan, soios sousisagan,
Zmrisa da limnisagan: Cveulebriv masSi sisqisTvis amateben simindis fqvils.

terriaki(iap) - xorcs an Tevzs abasturmeben teriakis sousSi da wvaven


raSperze(zusti Targmani glazurirebuli da Semwvari grili)

terriaki, sousi - soios sousi, moTuSuli tkbili brinjis RviniT, ZmriT, SaqriTa da
sunelebiT.

Timiani - buCqi patara susxavi foTlebiT, romelic gamoiyeneba sakmazad,


gansakuTrebiT wvnianebSi da moTuSul kerZebSi. is aris garnis Taigulis aucilebeli
komponenti .

tmini - aromatuli mcenaris (cuminum cyminum) momwaro pikanturi gemos


marcvlebi , farTod gamoiyeneba kulinariaSi, gansakuTrebiT indur bostneulTan ,
meqsikur kerZebTan da aRmosavleT evrobis zogierTi saxeobis purSi.

tortila(meqs) - maisis brtyeli lepeSka puri , romelsac gragnilis formas aZleven,


avseben SigTavsiT, miarTmeven yvelis sousTan erTad.

tofu(iap)-soios marcvlebisgan damzadebuli Zalian mkvebavi xaWo, waagavs rbil


yvels an gayinul moxarSul krems. es aris Zalian (mgrZnobiare produqti, mas aqvs
Tavisi msubuqi aromatic, samagierod swrafad iwovs misi akomponimenti
produqtebis an sousebis suns).

balaxi - aromatuli mcenare, gamoiyeneba kulinariaSi kerZebisTvis aromatis


miniWebisTvis, magaliTad kerveli, estragoni.

balaxis Cai-nayeni an Cai romelsac amzadeben sxvadasxva mcenareebze


da balaxebze mduRares dasxmiT. umravlesoba balaxis Caisa, magram ara yvela, ar
Seicavs kofeins.

lerwamis spiriti - Saqris lerwamisagan gamoxdili sufTa spirti, xSirad


gamoiyeneba koqteilebSi.

tuti-fruti(ital) - nayini daSaqtuli xiliT(zusti Targmani yvela xili)


105
tuxini/tuxina(arab) - kunJutis marcvlebisagan damzadebuli pasta. (iTargmneba
rogorc dafqvili an datexili).

moTuSva -xorcisa da sxv. moTuSva nel cecxlze, siTxis Zalian mcire raodenobiT,
daxurul qvabSi.

tietelu(ital) - makaronis saxeoba. erTmaneTSi gadaxlarTuli grZeli zolebis saxiT.

Uu
uZiro finjani - yavisa da saxva sasmelebis morTmevis sistema, rodesac
stumrebs ufleba aqvT SezRudvebis gareSe avson TavianTi finjanebi damatebiTi
gadasaxadis gareSe.

kama - erTwliani aromatuli mcenare. gamoiyeneba sakmazad da aromatul


balaxad. mis marcvlebs marinadSi deben.

Zmari-fermentizirebuli mJave siTxe, romelsac awarmoeben Rvinisagan, sidro,


alao, spirti da brinjisagan.

xamanwkebi- orlebliani moluskebi, romlebsac miirTmeven umad

xamanwkebis soko-didi TeTri soko (pleurotis ostreatus) xamanwkebis msubuqi


gemoTi.

Ff
farSi - cxare SigTavsi

farSireba - SigTavsiT avseba, mag farSirebuli ixvi.

fattuSi(arab) - cxare salaTa pitas purisagan damzadebuli grenkebiT.

felafuli(arab) - 1) nutis burTulebi sunelebiT;


2) pitnis funTuSa salaTis SigTavsiT, nutis piure burTulebiT.

fenxeli - 1) didi xaxviseburi mcenare msubuqi anisis gemoTi. mas TuSaven da


sxva bostneulTan erad miarTmeven an kepaven da salaTis mwvanilebs ureven;
2) mcenaris bumbuliseburi totebi, gamoiyeneba rogorc balaxi an garniri ,
gansakuTrebiT TevzTan;
3) fenxelis aromatul Teslebs , amateben marinadSi.

feta(berZ) - yveli (tradiciulad cxvris rZisagan momzadebuli ,inaxaven


spec.marinadSi) .es aris magari TeTri yveli cxare mariliani gemoTi(fetes niSnavs
blokebs, agurebs an natexebs, yvels jer agurebad Wrian, Semdeg ki SenaxvisTvis
amzadeben).

fetuCini(ital) - makaronis nawarmis Txeli lentebi. romelic daWrilia 30 sm


sigrZis zolebad. Zalian gavs tietelas

106
file(fr) - amonaWeri, xorcis an Tevzis msxvili naWeri Zvlebis gareSe,
Cveulebriv saqonlis saukeTeso nawili(mag.:bifSteqsi)

file minioni(fr) - files patara mrgvali naWeri

saqonlis file - saqonlis Zalian msxvili nawili, romelSic Sedis files nawili da
oguzoki, xSirad vertelze Semwvari.

filo safuarisagan - qaRaldiviT Zalian Txeli firfitebi safuaris comisgan,


romlebsac usvamen karaqs da plastebad acxoben.

fistaSkebi-(pistacia) - xis nayofi, axloaRmosavl. fistaSkis Txils iyeneben tkbil da


motkbo kerZebSi, gansakuTrebiT naRebis desertebSi da xorcian kerZebSi,
romlebsac miarTmeven daWrils. fistaSkebis Ria mwvane feri kerZebs ufro
momxibvlels xdis.

florentini - Txeli biskviti glazirebuli xilisa da Txilisagan, erTi mxridan SokoladiT


mosxmuli; xSirad moarTmeven yavasTan sadilis Semdeg.

florentini, a la(fr) - florenciis stilSi(italiis qalaqi). kerZebi momzadebuli an


morTmeuli mornis sousiT da ispanaxiT (magaliTad wiwilis supremi a la florentin)

fokaCe(ital) - brtyeli puri, gavs picas. mas xSirad usvamen karaqs nioris
balaxiT da moarTmeven Tbilad antipastosTan erTad.

forestie, a la(fr) - kerZi, romelsac moarTmeven cximSi CaSvebuli sokoebiT.

franJipani -kremi gaxexili nuSiT an patara namcxvari nuSis kremiT(ewoda


italieli markiz franJipanis saxeli, romelic me-16 saukuneSi cxovrobda parizSi. man
gamoigona sunamo mware nuSis aromatiT xelTaTmanebis Sesasxureblad.)

franJipani, perogi - perogi safuaris comisgan jemTan, kremi franJipaniT, morTuli


axali naRebiTa da fistaSkebiT.

franguli tostebi - kvercxSi dasvelebuli da Semwvari puris natexebi.

frikadelebi - 1)tyis Txili an kerZi, romelic formiT an feriT tyis Txils waagavs;
2) xorcis patara mrgvali nazi naWrebi, Cveulebriv batknis
(amonaWeri an neknebi).

frikadelebi(ingl) - Roris subproduqtebis (guli, filtvebi, da sxv.) farSisagan


damzadebuli moTuSuli burTulebi sunelebiT.

frikase - TeTri xorcis naWrebi mag.:wiwila, momzadebuli magar bulionSi,


miarTmeven TeTr sousTan erTad.

friondizi(fr) - nugbari. magaliTad xili SokoladSi an petifurebi , romlebsac


miarTmeven sadilis Semded , yavasTan.

frittata(ital) - omleti; kvercxebs wvaven orive mxridan. zogjer amateben


bostneuls.

fritto-misto(ital) - bostneulis asorti comSi, safuaris gareSe, Semwvari friturSi


(zusti Targmani Semwvari narevi)

xilis piure - civi deserti xilisa da kenkrisagan aTqvefili naRebiT.

107
xilis aromati - Rvinis degustatorebis termini, axali Rvinis sasiamovno surneli;
aromatis aRwera.

xilis farSi(ing) - tkbili miqsi Savi mocxarisagan, , vaSlebisagan da sxva


xilisagan, ufro xSirad brendisTan erTad. tradiciuli SigTavsi saSobao perogisaTvis.

fuete(fr) - safuaris comisagan gamomcxavari fenovani firfita, tradiciulad


samkuTxedad daWrili firfitas formiT. gamoiyeneben sxvadasxva kerZebisTvis rogorc
garekani, mag paSteti fuete.

fukieni - Cinuri samzareulos erT-erTi stili. is cnobilia Tavisi gamWvirvale wvniani


kerZebiTa da zRvis produqtebiT(exla fukiens ewodeba fujiani, es aris CineTis sanapiro
provincia)(ix. aseve kantonis, xoenanis, pekinis da siCuanis samzareuloebi).

xagisi(Sotl) - tradiciuli Sotlandiuri kerZi, romlis SigTavsia Signeuloba da qeri


sunelebiT. mas amzadeben orTqlze an xarSaven.

xaxvi-Sniti - xaxvis jiSi(Allium Schoenoprasum), wvrili, mwvane, aromatuli balaxi,


xaxvisa da nioris naTesavi, magram aramkveTrad gamoxatuli Tavis gareSe,
samzareulos balaxebis erTerTi ingredienti.

xalali(arab) - msubuqi xraSuna tkbileuli, dafqvili kunJutis marcvelebiT, SaqriT,


nuSiT da a.S.
xaWo - rZis cximiani naRebi nawili, romelsac acalkaveben wylisagan, an
Sratisagan.

xoenani - Cinuri samzareulos xuTi ZiriTadi stilidan erTerTi; misTvis


damaxasiaTebelia momJavo-tbili kerZebi(axla am provincias centralur CineTSi
ewodeba xenani)

xoi-Sini, sousi(Cin) - tkbil-cxare sousi soios marcvlebisgan damzadebuli nivriTa da


sunelebiT; miarTmeven rogorc sakmazs, gansakuTrebiT kerZTan ixvi pekinurad da
Roris xorcisagan momzadebul kerZebTan.

xoki - germanuli TeTri reinvainis inglisuri saxelwodeba ; rislingi da amave jiSis


sxva Rvinoebi(warmoSobiT germanuli qalaqidan xoxaimi).

xolesterini - cximiani substancia, aRmoCenilia mxolod cxovelebSi, xolesterinis


maRalma donem SesaZlebelia gamoiwvios gulis Setevebi

piSusxa xreni(rus) - jvarferebis ojaxis mcenaris(Cochlearia armoracia) msusxavi


fesvebi, Cveulebriv iyeneben gaxexili saxiT.

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cedra - citrusis nayofis kani gulis gareSe; gamoiyeneba aromatizaciisaTvis.

cikori -1) belgiuri an TeTri endiviumi(Cichorium intybus), bostneuli magrad daxveuli


TeTri foTlebiT, romelic SeiZleba daiWras wvrilad. mas umad iyeneben salaTebSi an
xarSaven. cikoris fesvebs texen da yavasTan ureven. is yavis magivradac
gamoiyeneba.
2)(ing) xuWuWa endiviti(Cichorium endivia), ipanaxis msgavsi bostneuli, cxare
aromatiT.

cintronela - ix. limonis balaxi.

citrusi - citrusis xis nayofi-limoni, laimi, forToxali, greifruti, kumkvoi da sxva.

C
Ca zo (vietn) - farSirebuli blinCikebi; blinebs farSireben dafqvili Roris xorciT,
kiborCxalas xorciTa da sokoebiT, axveven konvertad, wvaven, Semdeg salaTis
foTolSi axveven vietnamis pitniTa da miarTmeven sousiT nuok Cumi(ix. nuok Cumi)

Catni(ingl-ind) - sqeli, momJavo-motkbilo xil-bostneulis narevi ZmarSi, SaqriTa


da saneleblebiT, miarTmeven rogorc sakmazs xorcTan.

Cauderi(amer) - sqeli suf-piure an rZeSi moTuSuli kerZi, Cveulebriv ,


zRvisproduqtebiT(ix. aseve biski)

WurWeli TiTebis gasavlebad - mcire zomis WurWeli, avsebuli wyliT(xSirad


masSi limonis naWers aTavseben), imisaTvis ideba magidaze rom stumrebma
SeZlon TiTebis gasveleba.

Cedderi - gemrieli yvelis yvelaze popularuli jiSi, warmoSobiT soflidan Cederi,


somerseti, inglisi.

Savi wiwaka - ix. wiwaka.

Savi pudingi(ing) - Roris Zexvi saneleblebiT romlis SigTavsia qeri, cxare xorci da
a.S..

niori - balaxi mZafri suniT xaxvis ojaxidan. nioris Tavi Sedgeba


segmentebisagan saxelwodebiT kbilebi. nioris wvens iyeneben cxare
saWmelebisTvis aromatis misaniWeblad.

CeCevica - marcvleuli (lens esculenta) , mdidari mkvebavi nivTierebebiT, maT


Soris proteinebiT; erTerTi uZvelesi mcenare, romelic adamians mohyavs; ZiriTadi
ingredienti induri kerZisa saxeliT dal.

Cili - wiTeli espanuri wiwakis nairsaxeobis parkebi da Teslebi. romelic


gamoiyeneba Zalian cxare sunelad, gansakuTrebiT samxreT-aRmosavleT aziis,
indoeTisa da meqsikis samzareuloSi. Cili SeiZleba iyos wiTeli da mwvane.
gamomSrali da fxvnilad gaxexili cnobilia kaienis wiwakassaxeliT.

Cipolata - Roris sardelebi; 2) ragu an sousi sardelebiT

Cop sufi(Cin) - wvrilad daWrili xorci bostneuliT.

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Sorizo(esp. meqs.) - cxare, loris Sebolili Zexvi, xSirad moarTmeven paelieTi.

Cou-meini(Cin) - qaTmis an saqonlis xorcis ragu Semwvari lafSiTa da mwvane


bostneuliT.

S
Sampinioni(fr) - saWmelad gamosadegi soko

Sarkuteri(fr) - 1)xorciani kulinariis maRazia.


2)xorciani SeWamandi(nanadirevi, Sebolili lori, saliami da sxv.)

Sarkuteri a la(fr) - miirTmeven specialur Rvinis sousSi da damwnilebuli kitris


wvrili natexebiT

Sarlotka(fr) - xilis piuresagan damzadebuli cxeli gamomcxvari deserti gverdebze


puris naWrebiT an fenebad Cawyobili specialur formaSi. (daerqva dedofali Sarlotas
saxeli, georg III meuRle)

Satobriani(fr) - files nazi, cximiani naWeri, tradiciulad moarTmeven ori personas


da magadaze anawevreben. axlavs sousi saxelwodebiT bernaz-e.(kerZi gamoigona
vikont de Satobrianis Sef-mzareulma, 1768-1848, fr. diplomati, mwerali da
gurmani.)

Saurma(Turq) - 1) batknis dabasturmebuli xorci, momzadebuli


salamandraze(gavarvarebuli vertikaluri forma) iWreba wvril naWrebad, ixveva
salaTis foTolSi kunJutis pastaSi da nutas piuresagan da ideba lavaSSi;
2) Turquli kerZis doner qebabis libanuri varianti.

Sefi - ufrosi mzareuli

SiS-qebabi(Turq) - xorcis patara naWrebi, Cveulebris batknis, momzadebuli


Samfurebze.

Snapsi(germ) - Crdiloevropuli aromatuli distilirebuli spiriti damzadebuli


xorblisagan an kartofilisagan, hgavs holandiur jins.

Sniceli(germ) - xorcis wvrili naWeri, Cveulebriv wiwilis an xbos

Soiu(iap) - iaponuri soios sousis popularuli nairsaxeoba; is naklebad mariliani da


ufro msubuqia, vidre cnobili Cinuri nairsa-xeobebi.

Sotlandiuri funTuSa - rbili, mrgvali, fqviliT moyrili xorblis funTuSa.

Sofrua(fr) - civi xorcisa da Tevzis kerZi Caciebuli Jelatinis sousSi, mzaddeba


cxlad da miirTmeva civad.

Su - patara msubuqi funTuSebi kombostos safuarisagan. maT moarTmeven an


civad, rogorc tkbil kerZs, kremis SigTavsiT an SeWamandad SigTavsiT cxare
SigTavsiT

Suteri - rTuli koqteili yinulis gareSe. miarTmeven patara WiqiT an sinjariT.

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Serbeti - 1) tkbili, aromatuli SuSxuna sasmeli; 2) xilis nayini; 3) gayinuli
deserti xiliTa da TxiliT

Semwvari Zexvi - Roris da xbos xorcisgan damzadebuli Zalian cxare Zexvi

q
qlorofili - substancia, romelic amwvanebs mcenareebs(z.T. berZnulidan
mwvane foToli)

y
yabayi - bostneuli TeTri SigTavsiT, hgavs cukinis

h
haiboli(amer) - 1)viski sodiTa da yinuliT, romelsac maRal WiqaSi miarTmeven;
2)nebismieri alkoholuri sasmeli, areuli yinuliT da sodiT an imbiris eliT,
morTmeuli maRali WiqiT;
3) Wiqis forma, maRali swori waxnagiebiT.

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