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PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION (Elementary)

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MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. All of the following describe the development of children aged eleven to thirteen EXCEPT

A. they show abstract thinking and judgement


B. they exhibit increased objectivity in thinking
C. sex differences in IQ becomes more evident
D. they shift from impulsivity to adaptive ability

2. A teachers summary of a lesson serves the following functions, EXCEPT

A. it links the parts of the lesson.


B. it clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson.
C. it makes provisions for full participation of students.
D. it brings together the information that has been discussed.

3. The principle of the individual difference requires teachers to ___________.

A. give greater attention to gifted learners


B. prepare modules for slow learners in class
C. treat all learners alike while in the classroom
D. provide for a variety of learning activities

4. After giving an input on a good paragraph, Teacher W asks her students to rate a given
paragraph along the elements of a good paragraph. The students task is in level of
_________.

A. application C. evaluation
E. synthesis D. analysis

5. John Watson said Men are built not born. What does this statement point to?

A. The ineffectiveness of training on a persons development.


B. The absence of genetic influence on a persons development.
C. The effect of heredity.
D. The effect of environmental stimulation on a persons development.

6. Which is a sound classroom management practice?

A. Apply rules and policies on a case to case basis.


B. Apply reactive approach to discipline.
C. Establish routines for all daily needs and tasks.
D. Avoid establishing routines; routines make your student robots.

7. How can you exhibit legitimate power on the first day of school?

A. By making them feel you have mastery of subject matter.


B. By making them realize the importance of good grades.
C. By making your students feel they are accepted for who they are.
D. By informing them you are allowed to act in loco parents.

8. Which assumption underlines the teachers use of performance objectives?

A. Performance objectives assure the learner of learning.


B. The success of the learner is based on teachers performance.
C. Learning is defined as a change in the learners observable performance.
D. Not every form of learning id observable.
9. For maximum interaction, a teacher ought to avoid _____ questions.

A. leading C. rhetorical
B. divergent D. informational

10. In a social studies class, Teacher I present a morally ambiguous situation and asks his
students what they would do. On whose theory is Teacher Is technique based?

A. Piaget C. Bruner
B. Kohlberg D. Bandura

11. A child who gets punished for stealing candy may not steal again immediately. But this
does not mean that the child may not steal again. Based on Thorndikes theory on
punishment and learning, this shows that ______________.

A. punishment weakens a response


B. punishment does not remove a response
C. punishment remove a response
D. punishment strengthen e a response

12. Based on Piagets theory, what should a teacher provide for children in the concrete
operational stage?

A. Activities for hypothesis formulation.


B. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skills.
C. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and ordering.
D. Stimulating environment with ample objectives to play with.

13. All subject in Philippine elementary and secondary schools are expected to be taught
using the integrated approach. This came about as a result of implementation of
___________.

A. School-Based Management C. Basic Education Curriculum


B. Program for Decentralized Education D. Schools First Initiative

14. A goal-oriented instruction culminates in _______.

A. planning activities
B. formulation of objectives
C. identification of topics
D. evaluation

15. Student Z does not study at all but when the Licensure Examination for Teachers comes,
before he takes the LET, he spends one hour or more praying for a miracle, i.e, to pass the
examination. Which attitude towards religion or God is displayed?

A. Religion as authentic C. Religion as magic


B. Religion as real D. Religion as fake

16. As a teacher, what do you do when you engage yourself in major task analysis?

A. Test if learning reached higher level thinking skills


B. Breakdown a complex task into sub-skills
C. Determine the level of thinking involved
D. Revise lesson objectives

17. During the Spanish period, what was/were the medium/media of instruction in schools?

A. English C. Spanish
B. Spanish and the Vernacular D. The Vernacular

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18. In instructional planning it is necessary that parts of the plan from the first to the last have
___________.

A. conciseness C. clarity
B. coherence D. symmetry

19. Behavior followed by pleasant consequences will be strengthened and will be more likely to
occur in the future. Behavior followed by unpleasant consequences will be weakened and
will be more likely to be repeated in the future. Which one is explained?

A. Freuds psychoanalytic theory


B. Banduras social learning theory
C. Thorndikes law effect
D. B.F. Skinners Operant conditioning theory

20. What was the prominent educational issues of the mid 1980s?

A. Mainstreaming C. Inductive Reasoning


B. Value Education D. Modeling

21. Which teaching activity is founded on Banduras social learning theory?

A. Questioning C. Bilingual Education


B. Lecturing D. Accountability

22. A mother gives his boy his favorite snack everytime the boy cleans up his room.
Afterwards, the boy cleaned his room everyday in anticipation of the snack. Which theory
is illustrated?

A. Classical conditioning C. Operant conditioning


B. Associative learning D. Pavlonian conditioning

23. The concepts of Trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame & self-doubt, and initiative vs. guilt
are most closely related with works of _____.

A. Jung C. Erickson
B. Freud D. Piaget

24. Ruben is very attached to his mother and Ruth to her father. In what developmental stage
are they according to Freudian psychological theory?

A. Latent stage C. Anal Stage


B. Pre-genital stage D. Oedipal stage

25. What does extreme authoritarianism in the home reinforce in learners?

A. Creativity in work.
B. Dependence on others for directions
C. Ability to direct themselves
D. Doing things on their own initiative

26. Which types of play is most characteristic of a four to six-year old child?

A. Cooperative and solidarity plays C. Associative and onlookers plays


B. Solidarity plays and onlookers plays D. Associative and cooperative plays

27. The main purpose of compulsory study of the Constitution is to ___.

A. make constitutional experts of the students


B. develop students into responsible, thinking citizens
C. acquaint student with the historical development of the Phil Constitution
D. prepare students for law-making

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28. Which does Naom Chomsky assert about language learning for children?

I. Young children learn and apply grammatical rules and vocabulary as they are
exposed to them.
II. Begin formal teaching of grammatical rules to children as early as possible.
III. Do not require initial formal language teaching for children.

A. I and II C. I only
B. II only D. I and III

29. With which goals of educational institutions as provided for by the Constitution is the
development of work skills aligned?

A. To develop moral character C. To develop vocational efficiency


B. To Teach the duties of citizenship D. To inculcate love of country

30. Soc exhibits fear response to freely roaming dogs but does not show fear when a dog is on
a leash or confined to a pen. Which conditioning process is illustrated?

A. Acquisition C. Discrimination
B. Generation D. Extinction

31. Teacher F is convinced that whatever a student performs a desired behavior, provided
reinforcement and soon the student will learn to perform the behavior on his own. On
which principle is Teacher Fs conviction based?

A. Constructivism C. Environmentalism
B. Behaviorism D. Cognitivism

32. Studies in the areas of neurosciences discloses that the human brain has limitless
capacity. What does this imply?

A. Every pupil has his own native ability and his learning is limited to this native
ability.
B. Every child is a potential genius.
C. Pupil can possibly reach a point where they have learned everything.
D. Some pupils are admittedly not capable of learning.

33. Based on Piagets theory, what should a teacher provide for children in the sensimotor
stage?

A. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skill.


B. Activities for hypothesis formulation.
C. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and ordering.
D. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with.

34. Bruners theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to iconic and symbolic
stages. In which stage(s) are diagrams helpful to accompany verbal information?

A. Symbolic C. Symbolic and enactive


B. Enactive and iconic D. Iconic

35. Researches conducted show that teachers expectations of students become self-fulfilling
prophecies. What is this phenomenon called?

A. Halo effect C. Hawthorne effect


B. Pygmalion effect D. Ripple effect

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36. Rodel is very aloof and cold in his relationship with classmates. Which basic goals must
have not been attained by Rodel during his developmental years, according to Ericksons
theory of psychological development?

A. Autonomy C. Generativity
B. Initiative D. Trust

37. Which one may support equitable access but may sacrifice quality?

A. Selective retention C. School accreditation


B. Deregulated tuition fee hike D. Open admission

38. Based on Freuds psychoanalytic theory which component (s) of personality is (are)
concerned with a sense of right and wrong?

A. Super ego and Ego C. Id


B. Super-ego D. Ego

39. It is not wise to laugh at a two-year old child when he utters bad word because in his stage
he is learning to __________.

A. socialize C. distinguish right from wrong


B. considered others views D. distinguish sex differences

40. In a treatment for alcoholism, Ramil was made to drink an alcoholic beverage and then
made to ingest a drug that produces nausea. Eventually, h nauseated at he sight and smell
of alcohol and stopped drinking alcohol. Which theory explains this?

A. Operant conditioning C. Associative learning


B. Social learning theory D. Attribution theory

41. Theft of school equipment like t.v. computer, etc. by teenagers in the community itself is
becoming a common phenomenon. What does this incident signify?

A. Prevalence of poverty in the community.


B. Inability of school to hire security guards.
C. Communitys lack of sense of co-ownership.
D. Deprivation of Filipino schools.

42. Teacher B engages her students with information for thorough understanding, for meaning
and for competent application. Which principle governs Teacher Bs practice?

A. Behaviorist C. Cognitivist
B. Gestalt D. Constructivist

43. Under which program were students who were not accommodated in public elementary and
secondary schools because of lack of classroom, teachers, and instructional materials,
were enrolled in private schools in their respective communities at the governments
expense?

A. Government Assistance Program


B. National Scholarship Program
C. Educational Service Contract System
D. Study Now-Pay later

44. Which is/are the sources of mans intellectual drives, according to Freud?

A. Super ego C. Id -ego


B. Id D. Ego

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45. A student passes a research report poorly written but ornately presented in a folder to make
up for the poor quality of the book report content. Which Filipino trait does this practice
prove?

A. art of academics C. porma over substance


B. art over science D. substance over porma

46. Which is NOT a sound purpose for asking questions?

A A. To encourage self-reflection
B B. To probe deeper after an answer is given
C. To remind students of a procedure
D. To discipline a bully in class

47. A stitch on time saves nine, so goes the adage. Applied to classroom management, this
means that we _______.

A. must be reactive in our approach to discipline


B. may not occupy ourselves with disruptions which are worth ignoring because they
are minor
C. have to resolve minor disruptions before they are out of control
D. may apply 9 rules out of 10 consistently

48. In Krathwohs taxonomy of objectives in the affective, which is most authentic?

A. Responding C. Valuing
B. Organization D. Characterization

49. Teacher Gs lessons objective has something to do with the skill of synthesizing? Which
behavioral term is most appropriate?

A. Test C. Assess
B. Appraisal D. Theorize

50. Teacher H strives to draw participation of every student into classroom discussion. Which
students need is she trying to address? The need

A. to get everything out in the open


B. to feel significant and be part of a group
C. to be creative
D. to show their oral abilities to the rest of the class

51. A sixth grade twelve-year old boy comes from a dysfunctional family and has been abused
and neglected. He has been to two orphanages and three different elementary schools.
The student can decode on the second grade level, but he can comprehend orally material
at the fourth or fifth grade level. The most probable cause/s of this students reading problem
is/are ______.

A. poor teaching C. neurological factors


B. emotional factors D. immaturity

52. Teacher B clears his throat to communicate disapproval of a students behavior. Which
specific influence technique is this?

A. Proximity control C. Signal interference


B. Direct appeal D. Interest boosting

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53. Which questioning practice promotes more class interaction?

A. Focusing on convergent questions.


B. Focusing on divergent questions.
C. Asking rhetorical questions
D. Asking the question before calling a student

54. The following are used in writing performance objectives EXCEPT

A. integrate C. delineate
B. diagram D. comprehend

55. Research tells that teachers ask mostly content questions. Which of the following terms
does NOT refer to content question?

A. Direct C. Concept
B. Convergent D. Closed

56. Which is behavioral term describes a lesson outcome in the highest level of Blooms
cognitive domain?

A. Design C. Evaluate
B. Create D. Analyze

57. Which is an appropriate way to make manage off-task behavior?

A. Make eye contact.


B. Stop your class activity to correct a child who is no longer on task.
C. Move closer to the child.
D. Redirect a childs attention to task and check his progress to make sure he is
continuing to work.

58. How can you exhibit referent power on the first day of school?

A. By reminding your students your authority over them again and again.
B. By giving your students a sense of belonging and acceptance.
C. By making them feel you know what you are talking about.
D. By telling them the importance of good grades.

59. If a teacher plans a constructivist lesson, what will he most likely do? Plan how he can
_______.

A. do evaluate his students work


B. do reciprocal teaching
C. do lecture to his students
D. engage his students in convergent thinking

60. How can you exhibit expert power on the first day of school?

A. By making them realize the importance of good grades.


B. By giving your students a sense of belonging and acceptance.
C. By reminding then your students your authority over them again and again.
D. By making them feel you know what you are talking about.

61. Read this question: How will you present the layers of the earth to your class? This is a
question that _________.

A. assesses cognition C. probes creative thinking


B. directs D. leads the students to evaluate

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62. In Krathwohs affective domain of objectives, which of the following is the lowest level of
effective behavior?

A. Characterization C. Organization
B. Responding D. Valuing
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63. The following are sound specific purpose of questions EXCEPTS:

A. To stimulate learners to ask questions


B. To arouse interest and curiosity
C. To call the attention of an inattentive student
D. To teach via student answers

64. An effective classroom manager uses low-profile classroom control. What is a low-profile
classroom technique?

A. Note to parents C. Withdrawal of privileges


B. Raising the pitch of the voice D. After-school detention

65. Test norms are established in order to have a basis for ______.

A. identifying pupils difficulties C. establishing learning goals


B. computing grades D. interpreting test results

66. Quiz to formative test while periodic is to _________.

A. criterion-reference test C. norm-reference test


B. summative test D. diagnostic test

67. Two students are given the WISC III. One has a full scale IQ of 91, while the other has an
IQ of 109. Which conclusion can be drawn?

A. The first student is probably below average, while the second has above average
potential.
B. Both students are functioning in the average range of intellectual ability
C. Another IQ test should be given to truly assess their intellectual potential.
D. The second student has significantly higher intellectual ability.

68. Students scores on a test were: 72,72,73,74,76,78,81,83,85.


The score 76 is the ___.

A. mode C. median
B. mean D. average

69. The best way for a guidance counselor to begin to develop study skills and habits in
underachieving student would be to ______.

A. have them view filmstrips about various study approaches


B. encourage students to talk study habits from their own experiences
C. give out list of effective study approaches
D. have these underachieving students observe the study habits of excelling students.

70. Which describes norm-referenced grading?

A. What constitutes a perfect score C. An absolute standard


B. The performance of the group D. The students past performance

71. Standard deviation is to variability as mode to _____.

A. correction C. central tendency


B. discrimination D. level of difficulty

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72. If teacher wants to test students ability to organize ideas, which type of test should she
formulate?

A. Short answer C. Essay


B. Technical problem type D. Multiple-choice type

73. What is the mean of this score distribution 4,5,6,7,8,9,10?

A. 6 C. 8.5
B. 7 D. 7.5

74. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer
the question.

Subject Mean SD Ronnels scrore

Math 56 10 43
Physics 41 9 31
English 80 16 109

In which subject(s) did Ronnel perform best in relation to the groups performance?

C. Physics C. Math
D. English D. Physics and Math

75. Out of 3 distracters in a multiple choice test items, namely B,C, and D, no pupil choice D as
answer. This implies that D is ________.

A. a plausible distracter
B. a vague distracter
C. an effective distracter
D. an ineffective distracter

76. Shown a picture of children in sweaters inside the classrooms, the students were asked this
question: In what kind of climate do these children live? This is a thought questions on
______.

A. predicting C. creating
B. applying D. inferring

77.Which one can best evaluate students attitudinal development?

A. Short answer test C. Essay test


B. Observation D. Portfolio

78. In which competency do my students find the greater difficulty? In item with a difficulty
index of

A. 0.9 C. 1.0
B. 0.1 D. 0.5

79. With synthesizing skills in mind, which has the highest diagnostic value?

A. Performance test C. Completion test


B. Multiple choice test D. Essay test

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80. In the light of the facts presented, what is most likely to happen when? is a simple
thought question on _____.

A. synthesizing C. inferring
B. generalizing D. justifying

81. Which is most implied by negatively skewed score distribution?

A. The score are evemly distributed from left to the right.


B. Most pupils are achievers.
C. Most of the scores are low.
D. Most of the scores are high.

82. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer
the question.

Subject Mean SD Ronnels scrore

Math 56 10 43
Physics 41 9 31
English 80 16 109

In which subject(s) were the scores most homogenous?

A. English C. Physics and Math


B. Math D. Physics

83. Which guidance in test construction is NOT observed in this test item Jose Rizal wrote
____.

A. The alternative must be plausible.


B. There must be only one correct answer.
C. The central problem should be packed in the stem.
D. Alternatives must grammatical parallelism.

84. Are percentile ranks the same as percentage correct?

A. Yes
B. It cannot be determined unless scores are given.
C. It cannot be determined unless the number of examinees is given
D. No

85. What is most likely to happen to our economy when export continuously surpasses import
is a thought question on ______.

A. creating C. synthesizing
B. relating cause-and-effect D. predicting

86. The burnout malady gets worse if a teacher doesnt intervene to change whatever areas he
or she in control. Which one can renew a teachers enthusiasm?

A. Judge someone else as wrong. C. Stick to job.


B. Initiate changes in jobs. D. Engage in self-pity.

87. In the context on the theory on multiple intelligences, what is one weakness of the paper-
pencil test?

A. It lacks reliability.
B. It is not easy to administer.
C. It utilizes so much time.
D. It puts the non-linguistically intelligent at a disadvantage

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88. Which holds true to standardized tests?

A. They are scored according to different standards.


B. They are administered differently.
C. They are used for assigned grades.
D. They are used for comparative purposes.

89. The first thing to do in constructing a periodic test is for a teacher to

A. decide on the type of test to construct


B. study the content
C. decide on the number of items for the test
D. go back to her instructional objectives

90. Which can effectively measure students awareness of values?

A. Moral dilemma C. Anecdotal record


B. Projective techniques D. Likert scales

91. I drew learners into several content areas and encouraged them to solve a complex
question for interdisciplinary teaching. Which strategy did I use?

A. Thematic instruction C. Unit method


B. Problem-centered learning D. Reading-writing activity

92. With specific details in mind, which one has (have) a stronger diagnostic value?

A. Restricted essay test


B. Non-restricted essay test
C. Restricted and non-restricted essay tests
D. Multiple choice test

93. If your Licensure Examination for Teacher (LET) items sample adequately the
competencies listed in the syllabi, it can be said that LET possesses ______ validity.

A. concurrent C. predictive
B. content D. construct

94. In a criterion-referenced testing, what must you do to ensure that your test is fair? .

A. Ask each student to contribute one question.


B. Use objectives for the unit as guide in your test construction.
C. Make twenty questions but ask the students to answer only ten of their choice.
D. Make all of the questions true or false.

95. In his second item analysis, Teacher H found out that more from the lower group got the
test item # 6 correctly. This means that the test item _____.

A. has a lower validity.


B. has a positive discriminating power.
C. has a high reability
D. has a negative discriminating power

96. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer
the question.

Subject Mean SD Ronnels scrore

Math 56 10 43
Physics 41 9 31

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English 80 16 109

In which subject(s) did Ronnel perform poorly in relation to the groups performance?

A. Physics C. English
B. Math D. English and Math

97. To promote effective practice, which guidelines should you bear in mind? Practice should
be ______.

A. done in an evaluative atmosphere


B. difficult for students to learn a lesson
C. arranged to allow student to receive feedback
D. take place over a long period of time

98. Teacher A discovered that his pupils are very good in dramatizing. Which tool must have
helped him discover his pupils strength?

A. Portfolio assessment C. Performance test


B. Paper-and-pencil test D.Journal entry

99. By what name is Socratic method also known?

A. Mastery learning C. Questioning Method


B. Morrison method D. Indirect instruction

100. Teacher F wanted to teach the pupils the skills to do cross stitching. He check up quiz
was a written test on the steps of cross stitching. What characteristic of a good test
does it lack?

A. Reliability C. Objectivity
B. Scorability D. Validity

101. Which method has been proven to be effective in courses that stress acquisition of
knowledge?

A. Cooperative learning C. Mastery learning


B. Socratic method D. Indirect instruction

102. Teacher Y does norm-referenced interpretation of scores. Which of the following does she
do?

A. She describes group performance in relation to a level of mastery set.


B. She uses a specified content as its frame of reference.
C. She compares every individual students scores with others scores.
D. She describes what should be their performance.

103. Which is a major advantage of a curriculum-based assessment?

A. It is based on an norm-referenced measurement model.


B. It tends to focus on anecdotal information on student progress.
C. It connects testing with teaching.
D. It is informal in nature.

104. Which is the first step in planning an achievement test?

A. Select the type of test items to use.


B. Decide on the length of the test
C. Build a table of specification
D. Define the instructional objective

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105. Which test has broad sampling of topics as strength?

A. Short answer test C. Objective test


B. Problem test D. Essay test

106. Which is one characteristic of an effective classroom management?

A. It respects cultural norms of a limited group students.


B. It quickly and unobtrusively redirects misbehavior once it occurs.
C. Strategies are simple enough to be used consistently.
D. It teaches dependence on other for self-control.

107. Which guideline must be observed in the use of prompting to shape the correct
performance of your students?

A. Refrain form using prompts.


B. Use the most intrusive prompt first.
C. Use the least intrusive prompt first.
D. Use all prompts available.

108. To elicit more students response, Teacher G. made use of covert responses. Which one
did she NOT do?

A. She refrained from judging on the students responses.


B. She had the students write their responses privately then called each of them.
C. She showed the correct answers on the overhead after the students have written
their responses.
D. She had the students write their response privately.

109. In self-directed learning, to what extent should a teachers scaffolding be?

A. None, to force the student to learn by himself


B. To the maximum, in order to extend to the student all the help he needs.
C. To the minimum, to spend up development of students sense of independence.
D. To a degree the student needs it.

110.Read the following then answer the questions:

TEACHER: IN WHAT WAYS OTHER THAN THE PERIODIC TABLE MIGHT WE PREDICT
THE UNDISCOVERED ELEMENTS?
BOBBY: WE COULD GO TO THE MOON AND SEE IF THERE ARE SOME
ELEMENTS THERE WE DONT HAVE.
BETTY: WE COULD DIG DOWN TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH AND SEE IF
WE FIND ANY OF THE MISSING ELEMENTS.
RICKY: WE COULD STUDY DEBRIS FROM THE METEORITES- IF WE CAN FIND
ANY.
TEACHER: THOSE ARE ALL GOOD ANSWERS BUT WHAT IF THOSE EXCURSIONS
TO THE MOON, TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH OR TO FIND
METEORITES WERE TOO COSTLY AND TIME CONSUMING? HOW
MIGHT WE USE THE ELEMENTS WE ALREADY HAVE HERE ON EARTH
TO FIND SOME NEW ONES?

Question: which questioning strategy/ies does/do the exchange of thoughts above


illustrate?

A. Extending and lifting C. Funneling


B. Sowing and reaping D. Nose-dive

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111. Which are direct measures of competence?

A. Standardized tests C. personality tests


B. Performance tests D. paper-and-pencil tests

112.Availment of the Philippine Education Placement Test for adults and out-of-school youths is
in support of the governments educational program towards ___ .

A. relevance C. quality and relevance


B. equitable access D. quality

113.Teacher T taught a lesson denoting ownership by means of possessives. He first


introduced the rule, then gave examples, followed by class exercises, then back to the rule
before he moved into second rule. Which presenting technique did he use?

A. Combinatorial C. Sequential
B. Comparative D. Part-whole

114.Which Filipino trait works against the shift in teachers role from teacher as a fountain of
information to teacher as facilitator?

A. Pakikisama C. Authoritarianism
B. Authoritativeness D. Hiya

115.Referring to Teacher S, Nicolle describes her teacher as fair, caring and someone you can
talk to. Which power or leadership does Teacher S have?

A. Expert power C. Reward power


B. Referent power D. Legitimate power

116.Teacher B uses the direct instruction strategy. Which sequence of steps will she follow?

I. Independent practice
II. Feedback and correctiveness
III. Guided student practice
IV. Presenting and structuring
V. Reviewing the previous days work

A. III-II-IV-I-V C. I-V-II-III-IV
B. V-II-IV-III-I D. V-IV-III-II-I

117.The teachers first task in the selection of media in teaching is to determine the

A. technique to be used C. availability of the media


B. objectives of the lesson D. choice of the students

118.Teacher Ms pupils are quite weak academically and his lesson is already far behind time
table. How should Teacher M proceed with his lesson?

A. Experientially C. Deductively
B. Inductively D. Logically

119.In mastery learning, the definition of an acceptable standard of performance is called a

A. behavior C. SMART
B. condition D. criterion measure

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120. What values are being given priority by juries in criminal cases?

A. The rights of the criminal over the strict interpretation of the law
B. The safety of the community over sympathy for the criminal
C. The punishment of the criminal over the safety of the community
D. The needs of the criminals over the advice of the judge

121. Helping in the development of graduates who are maka-Dios is an influence of ___.

A. dialectical morality C. situational morality


B. naturalistic morality D. classical Christian morality

122. What should you do if a parent who is concerned about a grade his child received
compared to another students grade, demands to see both students grades?

A. Refuse to show any record without expressing permission from principal.


B. Show only his childs record.
C. Show both records to him.
D. Refuse to show either record.

123. A teacher / student is held responsible for his actions because s/he _______.

A. has reason C. has a choice


B. has instincts D. is mature

124. With indirect instruction in mind, which does NOT belong to the group?

A. Problem solving C. Lecture-recitation


B. Discovery D. Inductive reasoning

125. A teacher who equates authority with power does NOT usually __________.

A. retaliate C. shame
B develop self-respect in every pupil D. intimidate

126. The typical autocratic teacher consistently does the following EXCEPT

A. ridiculing students C. encouraging students


B. intimidating students D. shaming students

127. Teacher H and teacher I are rivals for promotion. To again the favor of the promotion staff,
teacher I offers her beach resort for free for members of he promotional staff before
ranking. As one of the contenders for promotions, is this becoming of her to do?

A. Yes. The rare invitation will certainly be welcomed by an overworked promotional staff
B. Yes. Theres nothing wrong with sharing ones blessings.
C. Yes. This will be professional growth for the promotional staff
D. No. This may exert undue influence on the members of the promotional staff and so
may fail to promote on the basis of merit.

128. Teacher A knows of the illegal activities of a neighbor but keeps quiet in order not to be
involved in any investigation. Which foundational principle of morality does Teacher A fail
to apply?

A. Between two evils, do the lesser evil C. The principle of double effect
B. The end does not justify the means D. Always do what is right

15
129. Which is a true foundation of the social order?

A. Equitable distribution of wealth


B. Strong political leadership
C. The reciprocation of rights and duties
D. Obedient citizenry

130. Teacher F is a newly converted to a religion. Deeply convinced of his new found religion,
he starts Monday classes by attacking one religion and convinces his pupil to attend their
religion services on Sundays. Is this in accordance with the Code of Ethics of Professional
Teachers?

A. Yes. In the name of academic freedom, a teacher can decide what to teach.
B. Yes. What he does strengthens value education.
C. No. A teacher should not use his position to proselyte others.
D. Yes. What he does is a value education.

131. Teacher Q does not want Teacher B to be promoted and so writes an anonymous letter
against Teacher B accusing her of fabricated lies. Teacher Q mails this anonymous letter
to School Division Superintendent. What should Teacher Q do if she has to act
professionally?

A. Hire a group to distribute poison letters against Teacher B for the information
dissemination.
B. Submit a signed justifiable criticism against Teacher B, if there is any.
C. Go straight to the School Division Superintendent and gives criticism verbally.
D. Instigate student activists to read poison letter over the microphone

132. Rights and duties are correlative. This means that.

A. rights and duties arise from natural law


B. rights and duties regulate the relationship of men in society
C. rights and duties ultimately come from God
D. each right carries with it one or several corresponding duties

133. In the Preamble of Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers, which is NOT said of
teachers?

A. Possess dignity and reputation


B. With high moral values as well as technical and professional competence
C. Duly licensed professionals
D. LET passer

134. In what way can teachers uphold the highest possible standard of quality education?

A. By working out undeserved promotions


B. By wearing expensive clothes to change peoples poor perception of teachers
C. By putting down other professions to lift the status of teaching
D. By continually improving themselves personally and professionally

135. If you agree with Rizal on how you can contribute to our nations redemption, which should
you work for?

A. Gaining economic recovery


B. Stabilizing the political situation
C. Opening our doors to foreign influence
D. Upgrading the quality of the Filipino through education

16
136. In a study conducted, the pupils were asked which nationality they preferred. If given a
choice. Majority of the pupils wanted to Americans. In this case, in which obligation,
relative to the state, do schools seem to be failing? In their obligation to

A. respect for all duly constituted authorities


B. install allegiance to the Constitution
C. promote obedience to the laws of the state
D. promote national pride

137. History books used in schools are replete with events portraying defeats and weaknesses
of the Filipino as a people. How should you tackle them in the classroom?

A. Present them and express your feelings of shame.


B. Present facts and use them as means in inspiring your class to learn from them.
C. Present them and blame those people responsible or those who have contributed.
D. Present them as they are present and tell the class to accept reality.

138. Teacher often complain of numerous non-teaching assignments that adversely affect their
teaching. Does this mean that teachers must be preoccupied only with teaching?

A. Yes, because other community leaders, not leaders, not teachers, are asked to lead in
community activities.
B. Yes, because teaching is enough full time job.
C. Yes, if they are given other assignments, justice demands that they be properly
compensated
D. No, because every teacher is expected to provide leadership and initiative in activities
for betterment of communities.

139. Each teacher is said to be a trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation
and is under obligation to transmit to learners such heritage. Which practice makes him
fulfill such obligation?

A. Observing continuing professional education.


B. Use the latest instruction technology.
C. Study the life of Filipino heroes.
D. Use interactive teaching strategies

140. Teacher A is directed to pass an undeserving student with a death threat. Which advice will
a hedonist give?

A. Pass the student. That will be use to the student, his parents and you.
B. Dont pass him. You surely will not like someone to give you a death threat in order to
pass.
C. Pass the student. Why suffer the threat?
D. Dont pass him. Live by principle of justice. You will get reward, if not in this life, in the
next.

141. Teacher P wants to develop the skill of synthesizing in her pupil. Which one will she do?

A. Directs her students to ask questions on the parts of the lesson not understood.
B. Tell her pupils to state data presented in graphs.
C. Ask her students to formulate a generalization from the data shown in graphs.
D. Ask her students to answer questions beginning with What if

17
142. Which measure(s) of central tendency separate(s) the top half of the group from the bottom
half?

A. Median and mean C. Mean


B. Mode D. Median

143. Which applies when skewness is zero?

A. Median is greater than mean.


B. Mean is greater than the median.
C. Scores have three modes.
D. Scores are normally distributed.

144. Based on Edgar Dales Cone of Experience, which activity is farthest from the real thing?

A. Attend exhibit C. Hear


B. View images D. Read

145. NSAT and NEAT results are interpreted against set mastery level. This means that NSAT
and NEAT fall under _______.

A. aptitude test C. criterion-referenced test


B. norm-referenced test D. intelligence test

146. Which one can enhance the comparability of grades?

A. Individual teachers giving weights to factors considered for rating.


B. Formulating tests that vary from one teacher to another.
C. Allowing individual teachers to determine factors for rating
D. Using common conversation table for translating test scores in to ratings.

147. Read the following then answer the questions:

TEACHER: IN WHAT WAYS OTHER THAN THE PERIODIC TABLE MIGHT WE PREDICT
THE UNDISCOVERED ELEMENTS?
BOBBY: WE COULD GO TO THE MOON AND SEE IF THERE ARE SOME
ELEMENTS THERE WE DONT HAVE.
BETTY: WE COULD DIG DOWN TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH AND SEE IF
WE FIND ANY OF THE MISSING ELEMENTS.
RICKY: WE COULD STUDY DEBRIS FROM THE METEORITES-IF WE CAN FIND
ANY.
TEACHER: THOSE ARE ALL GOOD ANSWERS. BUT WHAT IF THOSE EXCURSIONS
TO THE MOON, TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH OR TO FIND
METEORITES WERE TOO COSTLY AND TIME CONSUMING? HOW
MIGHT WE USE THE ELEMENTS WE ALREADY HAVE HERE ON EARTH
TO FIND SOME NEW ONES?

Question: The Teacher questions in the above exchange are examples of ____ questions.

A. Direct C. Closed
B. Concept D. Fact

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148. I combined several subject areas in order to focus on a single concept for interdisciplinary
teaching. Which strategy/method did I use?

A. Readingwriting activity C. Thematic instruction


B. Unit method D. Problem-entered learning

149. All men are pretty much alike. It is only by custom that they are set apart, said one
Oriental philosopher. Where can this thought be most inspiring?

A. In a class composed of indigenous people.


B. In heterogeneous class of learners.
C. In a multi-cultural group of learners.
D. In a multi-cultural and heterogeneous groups of learners and
C indigenous peoples group.

150. I want to teach concepts, patterns and abstractions. Which method is most appropriate?

A. Discovery C. Direct instruction


B. Problem solving D. Indirect instruction

151. What should a teacher do for students in his class who are on grade level?

A. Mohammed C. Buddha
B. Confucius D. Lao tsu

152. Who among the following needs less verbal counseling but needs more concrete
operational forms of assistance? The child who ______.

A. has attention-deficit disorder C. has mental retardation


B. has learning disability D. has conduct disorder

153. Teacher B is a teacher of English as Second Language: she uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-
the blank sentences, dictation and writing exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery
shopping. Based on this information, which of the following is a valid conclusion?

A. The teacher is emphasizing listening and speaking skills.


B. The teacher wants to do less talk.
C. The teacher is reinforcing learning by giving the same information in a variety of
methods.
D. The teacher is applying Blooms hierarchy of cognitive learning.

154. Which illustrates a development approach in guidance and counseling?

A. Acting as a mentor
B. Making the decision for the confused student
C. Spotting on students in need of guidance
D. Teaching students how to interact in a positive manner

155. Which technique should a teacher use to encourage response if his students do not
respond to his question?

A. Ask a specific student to respond, state the question, and wait a response.
B. Tell the class that it will have detention unless answers are forthcoming.
C. Wait for a response.
D. Ask another question, an easier one.

19
156. In the parlance of test construction what does TOS mean?

A. Table of Specifics C. Table of Specifications


B. Term of Specifications D. Table of Specific Test Items

157. Based on Edgar Dales Cone of Experience, which activity is closest from the real thing?

A. View images C. Watch a demo


B. Hear D. Attend exhibit

158. For which may you use the direct instruction method?

A. Become aware of the pollutants around us.


B. Use a microscope properly.
C. Distinguish war from aggression.
D Appreciate Miltons Paradise Lost.

159. Why should a teacher NOT use direct instruction all the time?

A. It requires much time.


B. It is generally effective only in the teaching of concepts and abstractions.
C. It requires use of many supplemental materials.
D. It reduces students engagement in learning.

160. What measure/s of central tendency do/es the number 16 represent in the following data:
14,15,17,16,19,20,16,14,16?

A. Median C. Mode
B. Mode and mean D. Median

161. Teacher E discussed how electricity flows through wires and what generates the electric
charge. Then she gave the students wires, bulbs, switches, and dry cells and told the
class to create a circuit that will increase the brightness of each bulb. Which one best
describes the approach used?

A. It helped students understand scientific methodology.


B. It was contructivist.
C. It used a taxonomy of basic thinking skills.
D. It used cooperative learning.

162. Teacher B is a teacher of English as Second Language: she uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-
the blank sentences, dictation and writing exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery
shopping. Based on this information, which of the following is a valid conclusion?

A. The teacher wants to make her teaching easier by having less talk.
B. The teacher is emphasizing reading and writing skills.
C. The teacher is applying Blooms hierarchy of cognitive learning
D. The teacher is teaching in a variety of ways because not all students learn in the same
manner.

163. Standard deviation is to variability as mean is to _______.

A. level of difficulty C. coefficient of correlation


B. central tendency D. discrimination index

20
164. Which is a form of direct instruction?

A. Problem solving C. Programmed instruction


B. Discovery process D. Inductive reasoning

165. Value clarification as a strategy in Values Education classes is anchored on which


philosophy?

A. Hedonism C. Idealism
B. Existentialism D. Christian philosophy

166. Which type of reports to on-the spot description of some incident, episode or occurrence
that is being observed and recorded as being of possible significance?

A. Value and interest report


B. Biographical report
C. Anecdotal report
D. Autobiographical report

167. Direct instruction id a facts, rules, and actions as indirect instruction is for _____ ,____,
_____.

A. hypotheses, verified data and conclusions


B. concepts, processes and generalizations
C. concepts, patterns and abstractions
D. guesses, data and conclusions

168. Which does NOT belong to the group of alternative learning systems?

A. Multi-grade grouping C. Multi-age grouping


B. Non-graded grouping D. Graded education

169. Which activity should a teacher have more for his students if he wants to develop logical-
mathematical thinking?

A. Choral reading C. Problem solving


B. Storytelling D. Drama

170. Which behavior is exhibited by a student who is strong in interpersonal intelligence?

A. Works on his/her own.


B. Keeps interest to himself/herself
C. Seeks out a classmate for help when problem occurs.
D. Spends time meditating.

171. If teacher has to ask more higher-order questions, he has to ask more ____ questions.

A. closed C. convergent
B. Fact D. concept

172. Which criterion should guide a teacher in the choice of instructional devices?

A. Novelty C. Cost
B. Appropriateness D. Attractiveness

173. The primary objective of my lesson is: To add similar fractions correctly. This is the
advice of the ______.

A. Primary C. Terminal
B. Major D. Enabling

21
174. With-it-ness, according to Kourin, is one of the characteristics of an effective classroom
manager. Which phrase goes with it?

A. Have hands that write fast. C. Have eyes on the back of your hands.
B. Have a mouth ready to speak. D. Have minds packed with knowledge.

175. Which is one role play in the pre-school and early childhood years?

A. Separates reality from fantasy.


B. Develops competitive spirit.
C. Develops the upper and lower limbs
D. Increase imagination due to expanding knowledge and emotional range.

176. A guest in one graduation rites told his audience: Reminder, you are what you choose to
be. The guest speaker is more of a/an _____.

A. idealism C. realistic
B. existentialist D. pragmatist

177. Principal C shares this thought with the teachers: Subject matter should help students
understand and appreciate themselves as unique individual who accept complete
responsibility for their thoughts, feelings and actions. From which philosophy is this
thought based?

A. Essentialism C. Progressivism
B. Perennialism D. Existentialism

178. Which of the following prepositions is attributed to Plato?

A. Sense perception is the most accurate guide to knowledge.


B. Learning is the discovery of truth as latent ideas are brought to consciousness
C. Truth is relative to a particular time and place.
D. Human beings create their own truths.

179. Student B claims: I cannot see perfection but I long for it. So it must be real. under which
group can he be classified?

A. Realist C. Pragmatist
B. Empiricist D. Idealist

180. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that pleasure is not the highest good. Teachers teaching
is against what philosophy?

A. Realism C. Empiricism
B. Hedonism D. Epicureanism

181. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements, longer school day,
longer academic year and more challenging textbooks?

A. Progressivist C. Existentialist
B. Perennialist D. Essentialist

182. To come closer to the truth we need to go back to the things themselves. This is the
advice of the ______.

A. pragmatists C. phenomenologists
B. idealist D. behaviorist

22
183. Teacher W wants to review and check on the lesson of the previous day. Which one will be
most reliable?

A. Sampling the understanding of a few students


B. Explicitly reviewing the task-relevant information necessary for the days lesson.
C. Having students correct each others work.
D. Having students identify difficult homework problems.

184. Whose influence is the education program that puts emphasis on self-development through
the classics, music, and ritual?

A. Mohammed C. Buddha
B. Confucius D. Lao tsu

185. Teacher H gave first-grade class a page with a story in which picture take the place of
some words. Which method did she use?

A. The Spaulding method C. The rebus method


B. The language experience approach D. The whole language approach

186. The search for related literature by accessing several data bases by the use of a telephone
line to connect a computer that have database is termed ______.

A. computer search C. manual search


B. on-line search D. compact disc search

187. On whose philosophy was A. S. Neil Summerhill, one of the most experimental schools
based?

A. Pestalozzi C. Montessori
B. John Locke D. Rousseau

188. You arrive at knowledge by re-thinking of latent ideas. From whom does this thought
come?

A. Existentialism C. Idealist
B. Experimentalist D. Realist

189. As a teacher, you are rationalist, Which among these will be your guiding principle?

A. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything.
B. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full.
C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven
D. I must teach the child every knowledge, skills and value that he needs for a better
future.

190. Principal B tells her teachers that training in the humanities is most important. To which
educational philosophy does he adhere?

A. Progressivism C. Essentialism
B. Existentialism D. Perennialism

191. As a teacher, you are reconstructionist, Which among these will be your guiding principle?

A. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven


B. I must teach the child every knowledge, skills and value that he needs for a better
future.
C. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full.
D. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything.

23
192. What can be said of Peter who obtained a score of P75 in a Grammar objective test?

A. His rating is 75.


B. He answered 75 items in the test correctly.
C. He answered 75% of the test items correctly.
D. He performed better that 5% of his classmate.

193. Which group of philosophers maintain the truth exists in an objective order that is
independent of the knower?

A. Idealists C. Existentialists
B. Pragmatists D. Realists

194. If we teach our students to think creativity, what do we encourage them to do?

A. To question the illogical


B. To criticize the unreasonable
C. Think within the box
D. Do outside-the-box thinking

195. Which of the following is considered a peripheral device?

A. Keyboard C. Monitor
B. CPU D. Printer

196. Helping in the development of graduates who are maka-Diyos is an influence of ___.

A. naturalistic morality
B. situational morality
C. dialectical morality
D. classical Christian morality

197. In research which is another term for independent variable?

A. Response C. Criterion
B. Outcome D. Input

198. Which practices speak of education of the human spirit?

I. Familiarizing the learner with the worlds heritage of art in all its forms
II. Encouraging the learner to be practical
III. Studying the biographies of heroes and martyr
IV. Teaching the learner how to learn

A. I, II C. II,III
B. I,IV D. I, III

199. Rights cannot be unduly tramped upon or suppressed without moral guit because they are
A. Inalienable. C. perfect.
B. Inviolable. D. adventitious.

200. Which instructional material is closest to direct experience?

A. Film showing C. Field trip


B. Simulation D. Dramatization

END OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION

24
ANSWER KEY
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
(Elementary)

1. C 50. B 100. D 150. C 197. B


2. C 51. B 101. B 151. C 198. D
3. D 52. B 102. C 152. A 199. A
4. C 53. D 103. C 153. C 200. B
5. D 54. D 104. C 154. D
6. C 55. D 105. C 155. A
7. D 56. C 106. C 156. C
8. A 57. D 107. C 157 C
9. C 58. B 108. A 158. B
10. B 59. D 109. D 159. D
11. B 60. D 110. C 160. C
12. C 61. C 111. B 161. D
13. C 62. B 112. B 162. D
14. D 63. D 113. C 163. B
15. C 64. C 114. D 164. C
16. B 65. D 115. C 165. B
17. B 66. B 116. D 166. C
18. B 67. C 117. B 167. A
19. C 68. C 118. A 168. D
20. C 69. D 119. D 169. C
21. D 70. B 120. A 170 C
22. A 71. C 121. D 171. A
23. C 72. C 122. B 172. B
24. D 73. B 123. A 173. D
25. B 74. B 124. C 174. C
26. B 75. D 125. B 175. D
27. B 76. B 126. C 176. B
28. A 77. B 127. D 177. D
29. C 78. A 128. B 178. no answer
30. C 79. C 129. C 179. A
31. B 80. A 130. C 180. B
32. B 81. C 131. B 181. no answer
33. D 82. C 132. D 182. no answer
34. D 83. C 133. D 183. D
35. B 84. D 134. D 184. C
36. A 85. B 135. D 185. no answer
37. D 86. B 136. D 186. B
38. B 87. D 137. B 187. no answer
39. A 88. D 138. D 188. C
40 A 89. D 139. C 189. no answer
41. C 90. A 140. C 190. C
42. C 91. A 141. C 191. B
43. C 92. D 142. D 192. B
44. B 93. B 143. D 193. A
45 C 94. B 144. D 194. B
46. D 95. D 145. B 195. D
47. C 96. A 146. D 196. C
48. D 97. C 147. B
49. B 98. C 148. C
99. C 149. D

25