NEWS

Features

Culture

SONA UPM DORM SSWC RENOVATION
Pages 2 to 7

MOTHER AND CHILD IN PERIL TIPPING OFF THE SCALE
Pages 8 to 11

REALITY AND MONSTRISITY EXCELLENCE IN EVOLUTION
Pages 12 to 15

Editorial

PAGTANAW AT PAGHAMON
Page 20

The Official Student Publication of the University of the Philippines Manila | Volume 24 Numbers 4-5 FRIDAY, AUGUST 13, 2010

“Aquino’s SONA Evades RP Pressing Issues,” Says SR, FR
DEONAH ABIGAIL LUGO MIOLE

NEWS

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

D

espite positive feedbacks raked by President Benigno Simeon Aquino III’s first State of the Nation Address (SONA) on July 26, the University of the Philippines (UP) Student and Faculty Regents – alongside progressive groups and students – expressed dissatisfaction over the recent SONA, saying that Aquino fell short in addressing the country’s pressing issues.

Remnants of the Arroyo Regime

Aquino started his speech by reiterating his former campaign slogan concept, “Matuwid na daan,” and further explaining its premises. He also said that the true state of the nation has been kept secret from the people. For the most part of his speech, Aquino addressed the problems his administration inherited from the Arroyo administration. He also mentioned the discovered anomalies from Arroyo’s term.

been covered by the fund, despite having the fund increased to 480 million pesos. Further, the said projects were not included in the original plan. “Tapos na po ang panahon para dito. Sa administrasyon po natin, walang kota-kota, walang tongpats, ang pera ng taumbayan ay gagastusin para sa taumbayan lamang.” Aquino remarked.

shall investigate further on the anomalies from the previous administration and punish the corrupt officials.

otohP PA / zeuqraM tilluB fo ysetruoc otohP 13 yluJ no dnatsdnarG

Aquino exposed the irregularities in the budget of the government, such as the 196.7 billion peso deficit, the remaining 6% or 100 billion pesos left from the 1.54 trillion peso budget for 2010, and the already–spent 70% or 1.4 billion pesos of the 2 billion peso calamity fund. His SONA, which lasted for almost 40 minutes, also included the controversies involving the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) officials, National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) debt, Mass Rail Transit (MRT) purchase, National Food Authority (NFA) debt, and unplanned infrastructure projects of the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH). Aquino articulated that the MWSS officials had been giving themselves ‘rewards,’ despite the fact that the pension for retired employees has not yet been fully paid and people had been putting up with water scarcity.

Aquino included the NAPOCOR debt in his address. He disclosed that the government had been paying the corporation’s debt since 2004, since it persuaded NAPOCOR to sell power at very low costs in early 2000s. He said, “Kung naging matino ang pag-utang, sana’y nadagdagan ang ating kasiguruhan sa supply ng kuryente. Pero ang desisyon ay ibinatay sa maling pulitika, at hindi sa pangangailangan ng taumbayan. Ang taumbayan, matapos pinagsakripisyo ay lalo pang pinahirapan.” Aquino revealed that the Land Bank and Development of the Bank of the Philippines, were ordered to buy the MRT .

Moreover, Aquino brought up the Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) in his SONA. With the PPP, the government shall partner up with one or more private institutions to financially support the needs of the country.

Aquino said, “Ang sagot naman sa kakulangan natin sa pondo ay mga makabago at malikhaing paraan para tugunan ang mga pagkatagaltagal nang problema.” According to him, implementation of

CONTINUED ON PAGE 16

once the the PPP

OF RELEVANCE. Thousands of people from different sectors rallied at the People’s SONA to raise the issues that should be addressed by President Aquino in his SONA on July 26. Photo courtesy of Joanna Udarbe

Furthermore, Aquino discussed the controversial funds of the NFA. He also discussed that the agency had imported too much rice annually which they have kept for years until the rice becomes rotten.

Activists Killed Under New Administration
ALYSSA NICOLE CACHO GRATIL

M

erely days after President Benigno ‘Noynoy’ Aquino’s inauguration as the 15th president of the Republic of the Philippines, unidentified hit men gunned down four activists in four different incidents – rendering extra judicial killings the highlight of his initial weeks in office.

Solutions to the Problems of the State

“Firsts” Under the Aquino Administration

Recalling that the said officials were midnight appointees from the previous administration, Aquino said, “Kung mayroon pa silang kahit kaunting hiya na natitira – sana kusa na lang silang magbitiw sa puwesto.” Aquino also mentioned in his speech the road works and infrastructures controversies of the DPWH. He said, that the DPWH proposed 240 priority safety projects which would have been funded by the Motor Vehicles Users Charge with 425 million pesos. Only 28 projects, however, have

To make amends in the government, Aquino disclosed the immediate steps his administration would take to ‘build a better nation’.

In his speech, he tackled the issue on tax evasion, declaring that every week, there shall be cases filed against tax evaders and smugglers. Aquino also announced that 50% of the extralegal killing incidents since his inauguration have been resolved.

2 • 13 AUGUST 2010 •

Aquino pronounced in his address, that in the coming days after his SONA, an executive order shall be signed to formally finalize the Truth Commission, to be headed by former Chief Justice Hilario Davide. The commission

Fernando Baldomero, a 61-yearold second-term councilor, Bayan Muna coordinator for Aklan, and a Makabayan coalition official, was shot to death in front of his house in Kalibo, early morning, July 5. Following suit after four days were Pascual Guevarra, a 78-yearold leader of the Alyansa ng mga Magbubukid na Nagkakaisa 3100 (Almana 3100), and Mark Francisco, a 27-year-old teacher in Masbate and member of the Alliance of Concerned Teachers Partylist. Last and most recently, Josephine Estacio, a 46-year-old co-member of Francisco was shot dead in Balanga City, Bataan, July 12. The number of victims is continuously swelling, with an additional five attested media

killings prior to Baldomero, Guevarra, Francisco and Estacio. Among the victims were Radyo Natin commentator Jose Daguio and public school teacher Edgar Fernandez.

Administration in a State of Refute

Above all the claims of extrajudicial killings, the administration still insists that the military has nothing to do with the deaths of the activists. Militant legislators, on support, agreed that Aquino is no different from Arroyo about this matter. Recently interviewed by the Philippine Online Chronicles, Malacanang insisted that they do not have a policy regarding the extrajudicial killings, and even vowed to address the issues boldly. In this regard, Department

of Justice Secretary Leila De Lima even issued a memorandum, creating a super body composed of the Philippine National Police, the Department of Justice, the Commission on Human Rights and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) that will specifically attend to the killings, and will proactively go beyond the collation of data and supervision of investigation.

Extrajudicial Condemned

Killings

Bayan Muna President Satur Ocampo and party-list Rep. Teddy Casiño strongly rebuked the murders of activists. Other advocates demanded strict analysis on the possible meddling of military and military-backed death squads. CONTINUED ON PAGE 16

FRIDAY

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

NEWS

YS Holds Nat’l Day of Action for Education
Thousands of Studes Walk out from Classes
MARK JASON SANTOS FLORES

KaKulangang Dulot ng mga DepeKtibong batas

K

BEANCA JHANINE MULATO SAMIANO

D

emanding for prompt and genuine resolution of the country’s educational crises, thousands of students from different schools and universities nationwide walked out from their respective classes on July 16 to partake in the National Day of Action for Education (NDAE).

Nationwide Unity

The walkout was organized by progressive, nationalist youth organizations such as Kabataan Partylist, League of Filipino Students, National Union of Students in the Philippines (NUSP), College Editors Guild of the Philippines (CEGP), Anakbayan, Kabataang Artista para sa Tunay na Kalayaan (KARATULA), and Student Christian Movement, among others. Youths from the NCR marched towards Mendiola to voice out their protests regarding the poor education system in the country. Majority of the participants came from private institutions and state universities such as the University of the Philippines (UP) Manila, UP Diliman, UP Los Baños, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, Far

Eastern University, Lyceum of the Philippines, Adamson University, University of the East, Jose Rizal University, and the Technological Institute of the Philippines. In UP Baguio, roughly 75% of the whole student population took part in the walkout.

Simultaneously, students and youths from Central Luzon and Vizayas also participated in the NDAE by holding protests in their respective Commission on Higher Education’s regional office.

sa text book, gayundin din dun sa kakulangan ng mga guro dun sa ating eskwelahan,” said UP Student Regent (SR) Cori Alessa Co. Moreover, the youth sector (YS) demanded for the release of an emergency fund to address the crisis in education as soon as possible. The new administration was also dared to reassert the power of CHED so as to give it authority over private school owners who regularly increase tuition fees. SR Co pointed “pagdating naman dun sa higher education… di syempre, yung pagreregulate dun sa taon taon na tuition and other fee increase sa iba’t ibat mga higher education institution at kung partikular satin sa state universities ay nandyan na at lantad na lantad na ung tahasang pagtahak nya ng iba’t ibang administrasyon sa privatization at commercialization schemes.” CONTINUED ON PAGE 16

Hindi naresolba ng mga mapanlinlang at ng mga nagyayabang na numero ang bawat hinaing ng bawat mamamayan. Makikita ito sa 528 na naipasang panukalang batas at tatlong resolusyon na nagawa ng ika14 na Kongreso sa panahon ng kanilang panunungkulan na sumaklaw sa iba’t ibang usapin sa bansa. Ang ika-11 Kongreso ay nakagawa ng 415 na batas habang ang ika-12 ay may 172, at ang ika-13 ay may 86. Marami nga ang naipasang batas ng ika-14 na Kongreso kumpara sa mga nagdaan ngunit hindi ito naging epektibo upang pigilan ang dumaraming suliranin lalong lalo na kung ang pag-uusapan ay edukasyon, karapatang pantao, at kalusugan. Narito ang isang grap na nagpapakita ng pagkakahatihati ng mga naturang batas.

asabay nang pag-alis sa trono ng administrasyong Arroyo matapos ang siyam na taong pagpapasasa sa kapangyarihan ay ang pag-apruba ng napakaraming panukalang batas ng ika-14 na Kongreso. Ang mga naturang batas ay tumalakay sa iba’t ibang isyu na naglayong mas dagdagan pa ang karapatan at higit na matugunan ang pangangailangan ng bawat Pilipino. Katakatakang sa kabila ng mga batas na nagawa ng mga nagdaang administrasyon ay hindi pa rin napigilan ang lumalalang kalagayan ng bansa.

Movement’s Agenda

The newly-seated president Benigno Simeon Aquino III was challenged to fulfill his promise of increasing state subsidy for education. “Ang tinuturol natin dito ay ung pagdagdag o ung pagallocate ng 6% ng gross domestic product ng ating bansa dun sa sektor ng edukasyon upang mapondohan nya talaga ang kakulangan sa class room,

Source: Komisyon ng Karapatang Pantao ng Pilipinas

Kung susuriin ang naturang grap sa itaas, nahati ito sa karapatang pantao, edukasyon, kalusugan, hustisya, imprastraktura, at iba pa. Kung mapapansin, mahigit sa kalahati ng kabuuang batas ay natuon sa edukasyon na siyang may pinakamalaking bahagdan samantalang ang may pinakamaliit na bahagdan naman ay ang kalusugan.

Paglabag sa Karapatang Pantao

Mayroong 33 panukalang-batas ang naipasa ng kongreso na naglalayong mas maproteksyunan pa ang buhay ng nakararami subalit makikita pa rin na hindi ito naging epektibo. Sa halip na mabawasan ay mas nadagdagan pa ang kaso ng extra judicial killings, enforced disappearances, at paglabag sa karapatang pantao sa nagdaan na siyam na taon.

Ayon sa tala ng Karapatan, isang grupo ng karapatang pantao, nadadagdagan ang bilang ng mga kasong ito sa bansa kada taon sa ilalim ng pamumuno ni Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. Karamihan sa mga naging biktima ay miyembro ng mga partylist, mamamahayag, at manggagawang pansimbahan. Narito ang isang talangguhit na nagpapakita ng naging bilang ng extra judicial killings at enforced o involuntary disappearances sa bansa mula 2001-2010. Bilang ng Kaso ng Extra Judicial Killings Bilang ng Kaso ng Enforced Disappearances Kabuuang Bilang ng Paglabag sa Karapatang Pantao

ROLLBACK THE TUITION. UPM students walked out from their classes as a form of protest to the tuition increase as well as a form of demand for higher state subsidy on July 16. Photo courtesy of Joanna Udarbe

Kung susuriing mabuti ang talangguhit, mapapatunayan na marami ang naging kaso ng paglabag sa karapatang pantao na hanggang sa ngayon ay hindi pa rin nabibigyang hustisya. Hindi naging sapat ang bilang ng mga naipasang batas na sumasaklaw sa karapatang pantao upang pigilin ang pagdami nito. CONTINUED ON PAGE 17

1,206 204 1,410

FRIDAY

• 13 AUGUST 2010 •

3

NEWS

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

Selection for New UP Pres Commences
JOANNA MARIE ICASAS UDARBE AND YODHIM GUDEL GEPTY DELA ROSA

W

ith University of the Philippines (UP) President Emerlinda Ramos Roman’s term ending on February 9, 2011, the UP Board of Regents (BOR) called for nominations for the 20th UP President on July 15.
The nominees for the next UP President shall be given until August 25 to compose their curriculum vitae, vision statement, a statement on the nominee’s willingness to serve, and a brief justification for his/her nomination, to be submitted to a search committee. On August 27, the BOR will evaluate and finalize the nominations. The Search Committee, composed of all the regents in the board, will submit a final list of nominees from which the BOR will choose the next UP President. Thereafter, the nominees shall present their visions before the BOR on November 8.

autonomy, commitment to academic excellence, and a clear vision of what UP’s role would be.

The third criterion delves into the managerial capabilities, emphasizing on the ability of a nominee to raise fund without compromising the ideals of the academe. This entails the ability to manage resources in order to sustain the UP modernization program and as well as the ability to deal with all the constituents with fairness. The last criterion states that a nominee must be able to maintain intellectual diversity, as well as preserve UP’s secular, public, and non-sectarian character.

The BOR shall elect the next UP President at its 1262nd meeting on November 26. As of press time, the only official nominees are former Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs Professor Maria Serena Diokno, Filipino journalist, sociologist Professor Randy David, and Alumni Regent Alfredo Pascual.

In an interview with the Manila Collegian, SR Co emphasized on what values a UP President must possess in terms of student welfare.

WHAT MAKES A UP PRESIDENT. SR Cori Co discusses the criteria on selecting the new UP President at the Sectoral Regents’ forum on July 29. Photo courtesy of Joanna Udarbe

The Selection Process

To educate the constituents of the UP system on the nomination process, a Sectoral Regents’s forum entitled “The Search for the Next UP President: Criteria, Process, and Experience” was held at UP Manila on July 23 and 29. Present in the forum were Faculty Regent Judy Taguiwalo, Student Regent (SR) Cori Alessa Co, Staff Regent Clodualdo Cabrera, and former SR Marco de los Reyes. Moreover, the possibility of UP President Roman to be nominated for another academic term was also discussed in the forum. However, former SR de los Reyes asserted that it will still depend upon the nomination process. It was explained during the forum that in the selection process, there would be four criteria. Primarily, a nominee can be nominated by any person, group, or organization from or outside UP. A nominee must be a Filipino citizen who possesses integrity, an excellent standing in the academe, a known reputation as a scholar, and administrative capabilities –recognized both locally and internationally.

“Dapat, ang UP President, pinapahalagahan ang pinakamalaking sector doon sa loob ng pamantasan… Mahalaga ang magkaroon siya ng kongkretong plano at paraan upang mas ilapit ang kanyang sarili[…] at talagang tignan yung aspeto na ang lahat ng polisiya na ipinatutupad ng pamantasang ito ay estudyante ang laging natatamaan,” said Co.

UPM Residential Halls To Be Erected
T
ANGELA MARIZ ULEP CAUDAL
wo residential halls for the University of the Philippines Manila (UPM) students are to be constructed within the vicinity of the campus starting January next year, to be ready for accommodation on July of academic year 2011-2012. According to Dr. Zorayda Leopando, Vice Chancellor for Planning and Development, apart from the fact that UPM is the only University of the Philippines (UP) unit that does not offer dormitory accommodation to its students, Chancellor Ramon L. Arcadio felt that it is of paramount importance for students primarily because most of UPM students come from far provinces. One residence hall will be located near the newly constructed College of Allied Medical Profession on Pedro Gil Street. As decided by the majority of the alumni and the UP administration, 50 percent of the appropriation will be donated by the Phi International, an organization of alumni from the College of Medicine. The other half of the total budget allotted for the construction will come from the UPM budget. Estimated to cost P27 million the first dorm will have four floors that can estimatedly accommodate more than a hundred students. Meanwhile, the other dormitory will be constructed near the basketball court beside the Pediatrics Ward of the UPMPhilippine General Hospital. This dormitory will be a sixstorey building that can provide accommodation for roughly two hundred students. hall’s budget will be covered by the funds accumulated from the system-wide tuition fee increase which started implementation on 2004.

A s s e r t in g t h e S t u d e n t s’ Inv o l v e m e n t

The preservation of the public character of UP is a new addition to the criteria. In line with this, Co said “Sinusuportahan natin ang pagrereinterate ng pagiging public character ng Unibersidad ng Pilipinas lalo na ngayong paunti ng paunti na ang pagka-public character ng UP… Marapat na ang pipiliing UP President ay maging assertive sa pag-clinch sa fight for higher state subsidy at gayundin ang pag-review ng mga hindi makatarungang bayarin dito sa loob ng ating pamantasan.”

Negotiable Arrangements

On Dorm Funding and Spec

The second criterion focuses on values and perspectives, which states that a nominee must possess political will and skills to protect academic freedom, the university’s

4 • 13 AUGUST 2010 •

In addition, Co stressed on the importance of student participation in the UP President selection. “Mahalaga ang partisipasyon ng mga student councils, organizations, and publications, upang maipakalat ang ating UP agenda, at inaasahan nating sa pagtitipon-tipon ng mga estudyante lalo na sa Luzon-wide Student Congress sa August 14-15 sa UP Diliman, upang sa gayon ay maitambol natin at maiparating ang UP agenda sa magiging UP President,” Co said.

Leopando mentioned that the need for a UPM dormitory was first opened up on 2006. Because of the various issues that surfaced within the span of a couple of two years, however, the project was not further pursued until UP’s Centennial Celebration on 2008. These issues include problems in decision making, appriopriations allotment, and bidding process. As commissioned by the UPM administration, Arch. Allen Rivera Buenaventura was the one assigned to work on the two dormitories.

Decisions regarding the residents’ type from among an all-girls’, all-boys’ or even a combination of both (coed) are yet to be finalized. In addition, the dorm payment per semester is still in the process of canvassing. The arrangement, added by Dr. Leopando, would be dependent upon the progress of the construction, as well as the students’ preference and standard of living. Moreover, Leopando said that if both dormitories will be finished simultaneously¸ the arrangement would definitely be a separate dormitory for boys and girls. If only one building manages to meet the deadline, however, the students will be subjected to a co-ed type of residence.

FRIDAY

Amounting to a total of P35 million, the second residence

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

Implementation, Athletic Fee Increase
UPM-DPE Rejects Proposal
ACE VINCENT PONSECA MOLO

UP Admin Plans PE Fee

NEWS

College Briefs
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY
The College of Pharmacy (CP) will be having its Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges, and Universities (PAASCU) Reorientation on August 16, 8:30 – 10:00 am at the CP auditorium. This will be the second time that CP conducts orientation on PAASCU. The said event shall serve to elucidate matters, questions, and legalities regarding PAASCU and its possible implementation on the aforementioned college.

T

o address the problem of funding Physical Education (PE) courses, the University of the Philippines (UP) administration proposes the implementation of PE laboratory fees on selected PE courses and imposition of an increase in the existing athletic fees. UP Manila (UPM)’s Department of Physical Education (DPE), however, rejects the proposal. According to the proposal, PE laboratory fees with rates of P100, P250 or P400, depending on course requirements, shall be imposed effective First Semester of Academic Year 2010-2011. The fee shall apply only to incoming first year students. Also, the proposal suggests an increase in athletic fees, the sources of funds of the university’s PE courses and athletic activities. Athletic fees in the UP System range from P75 to P100 per semester, and are paid as part of the miscellaneous fees. according to Roman. The athletic fee remains the same and the proposed PE laboratory fees have not been implemented, in contrast to the schedule stated in the proposal.

disapproval on the proposal. Though deemed beneficial for the improvement of UPM’s PE program, Dioquino said that it is not timely to implement such fees in UPM.

COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
The College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) celebrated its 59th Foundation Week Celebration on July 27 – 31, with the theme “Moving Towards Excellence in Research and Extension.” An opening program attended by University of the Philippines Manila (UPM) Vice Chancellor for Planning and Development Dr. Zorayda Leopando was held on July 27 at the Little Theater Walkway, CAS. Foundation Week Activities Included in the line-up of activities prepared for the foundation week were “Sigla-CAS-an,” a sports organized by the Department of Physical Education, and an independent film screening of “Dinig Sana Kita” organized by the Department of Arts and Communication. Students and administrative staff of the college participated in the said activities. A symposium, “Med Talk,” by the Department of Biology was also held at the Little Theater. Moreover, the Department of Physical Sciences and Mathematics organized a computer science exhibit in the afternoon at the Rizal Hall Lobby. The Department of Social Sciences, in cooperation with the Political Science 196 MHD class also held a mural painting contest, “Pinta Mo, Freedom Ko.” Various student organizations, institutions, fraternities, and sororities of UPM joined the competition. Further, the Department of Behavioral Sciences (DBS) stageda photo exhibit of the indigenous people at the DBS Corridor An awarding ceremony which recognized the College’s outstanding constituents was the culminating activity of the said week.

Studes React on Lack of Proper Consultation

PE Funding Dealt in Proposal

The proposal was preceeded by a study directed by UP President Emerlinda C. Roman, which took to recommending the charging of tuition and laboratory fees for service and elective PE courses to students taking up these courses. The proposal was then drafted in 2009 and was then handed to chancellors of the UP constituents for consultation and evaluation. By January 2010, as stated in the proposal, the final output must be ready for submission to the Board of Regents (BOR), the highest policy-making body of the university.

Through a statement, the Katipunan ng mga Sangguniang Mag-aaral sa UP (KASAMA sa UP), the broadest and most comprehensive alliance of UP Student Councils, has expressed its strong opposition to the proposal, as “there was no substantial, genuine and democratic consultation regarding the proposal” and that “the proposal is a clear manifestation of state abandonment and the worsening commercialization scheme of the UP Administration.”

The DPE heeds for the prioritization of improving their facilities and equipment, considering the need for safety and convenience of PE students. Dioquino explained that she and the rest of the department has turned down the proposal because it would be unfair for UPM students to pay PE laboratory fees and a higher athletic fee with the present state of DPE’s facilities and equipment.

Proposal Denied, Discussions Delayed

On March 24, 2010, students from various UP campuses held protests at UP Diliman’s Quezon Hall, to prevent the BOR from approving the increase of fees in the university, including the proposed PE fee. Consequently, the students were able to prevent two regents from entering Quezon Hall, causing lack of quorum in the meeting that was supposed to take place. Meanwhile, discussions regarding the PE fee were deferred by the BOR to give the new SR more time to review the proposals and to conduct further consultations,

“The PE Laboratory Fees and Increase in Athletic Fee Proposal is a form of commercialization in the University… Like the tuition and other fees increase (TOFI) which was passed by the UP Administration on 2006, the PE Lab Fees proposal and increase in athletic fee transforms UP education into a commodity – a product which should be bought by the students instead of a right that should be for everyone, especially the poor,” says Cesarie Ann Santos, chairperson of the UPM USC. In addition, Santos emphasized that the increase will further burden the students who are already experiencing TOFI. Furthermore, Santos stated that the UP Administration should assert for higher state subsidy from the government, instead of resorting to fee increases.

At present, PE classes in UPM are held in the Sports Science and Wellness Center (SSWC), which will be undergoing renovation, possibly during the semestral break (See related story on page __). Although majority of the PE course offerings of the DPE are held in the SSWC, several PE courses, such as swimming and badminton, are conducted in venues outside the campus. Separate rental fees paid to these venues are collected from students of these PE courses. When asked about the possibility of the implementation of the PE fee in UPM, Dioquino answered, “’Yan ang nakakatakot, kapag [UP] System na ang nagsabi, sumusunod lang tayo kung ano ‘yung order, kahit na autonomous tayo, kapag nag-go na sila, go na rin tayo, kahit nag‘no’ tayo.” Since the proposal is a system-wide directive, there is probability that UPM would not be an exemption from its implementation.

UNIVERSITY STUDENT COUNCIL
The University Student Council (USC) together with the participation of various organizations in the University of the Philippines Manila (UPM) held their first frog week which staged an organizational fair, amazing race, quiz bee and educational discussions for freshmen on July 27 – 30 at the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS). The following organizations were present in the event: Christ Youth in Action (CYA), Youth For Christ (YFC), State Varsity Christian Fellowship, Every Nation Campus Ministry, UP Political Science Society, Association of Muslim Students, League of the Filipino Students, ASAPKatipunan, Bigkis, Anakbayan, UP One Earth, Bread Society, Students of Destiny, KARATULA, UPerture, UP Adhere, USC, University Service League (USC Volcorps) and Organization of Area Studies Majors.

DPE Says ‘No’ to Proposal

In an interview with The Manila Collegian, Professor Aurea D. Dioquino, DPE chair, pointed out that their department has expressed its

According to Dioquino, if the proposal takes effect, UPM students would have no other choice but to pay a higher athletic fee and pay additional PE laboratory fees on their PE subjects. She added, however, that the DPE is firm with their stand on the proposal.

FRIDAY

• 13 AUGUST 2010 •

5

News

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

SSWC Renovation UnderwayFaster Studes, Faculty Call for
Project Initiation
MON GABRIEL POSADAS DISTOR

D

The renovation will be a first for the SSWC ever since it was awarded to the DPE in the 1980s.

ue to the increasing demands of the Department of Physical Education (DPE) and the students of the University of the Philippines Manila (UPM), the Sports Science and Wellness Center (SSWC) will finally undergo a renovation to address the apparent hazards and current deformities of the building.

Student and Faculty Grievances

Project Bidding

Considering the hefty amount involved in the renovation project, bidding shall be conducted to determine the private construction firm that will handle the said renovation. As of press time, no quotations have yet been submitted.

Meanwhile, sentiments from the UPM community revealed the inadequacies in SSWC.

The DPE, assisted by the College Planning Development and Maintenance Office (CPDMO), proposed an estimated 4 million peso costing for renovation. The CPDMO is the unit that oversees all construction and maintenance projects in UPM. The proposed renovation of SSWC will include thermal and moisture protection treatments for the wooden parts of the building, upgrading of plumbing lines and sanitary facilities, repairing of electrical and telephone lines, as well as aesthetic rehabilitation. In addition to these, processing of clearances and permits from the government falls under the said budget.

Gian Louis Coronel, a sophomore student of the Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry program enumerated the evident problems of the building. “Masyado ng luma, yung banyo, minsan hindi nalilinis or bumabaha…Hindi rin lahat ng aircon nagfu-function ng mabuti, and yung floor sa dance studio nababakbak na,” he said. The SSWC remains to be a risky and inefficient facility for the P.E. classes of the students.

FIRST TIME RENOVATION. SSWC will undergo its first renovation in order to provide a safer place for P.E. students to conduct their P.E. classes. Photo courtesy of Kathleen Guiang

ROAR! Urges FOI Ratification; Slams Revived ROR
JILLIANE MARAI FUERTE LAGUS

In an interview with The Manila Collegian, Professor Aurea Dioquino, DPE Chairperson, expressed frustration over the current condition of SSWC. “Yung mga glass windows, minsan kusa na lang silang bumabagsak Pinapalitan na lang namin yung nahulog na glass windows ng wooden planks… The wooden walls are infested by termites and the cubicles of the washroom are either inaccessible or unclean…,” Dioquino implied. When asked about the processing of the project, Dioquino noted, “Ipinaparating na lamang namin sa kanila (UPM administration) kung ano ang sitwasyon namin dito [pero] hindi nila maiintindihan kasi hindi naman sila nagpupunta dito.”

I

n a press conference on July 7, 2010, the Rise as One Against Right of Reply Bill (ROAR!) Alliance expressed their plans to intensify the campaign for the Freedom of Information (FOI) Bill over the recently resurrected Right of Reply (ROR) Bill. Founded on August 17, 2009 by the College Editor's Guild of the Philippines and the University of the Philippines Diliman College of Mass Communication Student Council, the alliance sought for and victoriously struck in junking the ROR Bill. The resurrection of the ROR Bill in June 2010 prompted the alliance and pro-FOI campaigners to forward the need to pass the FOI Bill alone. The previous Arroyo administration pursued passing the ROR and FOI concurrently before the closing of the 14th Congress. The alliance's renewed efforts are based on the dangers they see posed by the possibility of passing the ROR and FOI simultaneously. Federis asserts, “The Reply bill may be dead, but repression is not.” campaigners, the alliance included, the said bill came very close to passing on May 24.

Renovation Timeframe

The duration of the renovation is predicted to last for 60 days.

During the continuance of the project, the DPE will have a temporary makeshift office outside the SSWC. Classes, on the other hand, will still be conducted within the premises of the building. Classes such as badminton and swimming will not be affected as they are conducted outside the campus.

However, hope that the FOI Bill would be passed before were scotched on June 2, 2010 due to lack of quorum in the Lower House, concluding in the bill's complete need for re-processing by the 15th Congress. The document needed only ratification by the House of the Bicameral Conference Committee report and approval by the Office of the President for it to be a full law.

the FOI bill alone.” Further, she says that the ROR Bill would make the reply mechanism in publications cumbersome and repressive sanction tolerated and the FOI would lawfully secure the already constitutionallyassured freedom to information.

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As of press time, the renovation project, although it may already have a proposed budget, remains to be abstract. The date by which the project should launch is still undetermined.

Failed Ratification

6 • 13 AUGUST 2010 •

The FOI bill, which guarantees the public’s right to information and promotes disclosure of government transactions, grants legal access to documents pertaining to foreign relations, law enforcement, budget, administration and management, and legal proceedings in courts, among others. Resulting from action of pro-FOI

Implementing the FOI Bill is said to give the media easier access to otherwise inaccessible documents. FOI Bill advocates claim that the said bill would provide an enabling law to the already constitutional guarantee transparency in the public sector, through its clauses which provides that a person shall be permitted to gain access to pertinent information regarding clear and present external or internal threats, foreign affairs, law enforcement, administration, budget, and management, among others.

The ROR Bill provides that, replies to accusations published in publications shall be aired in the same space or airtime where the criticism or accusation was originally placed. Further, the bill states that within three days of the publisher or network receiving notice of the reply, these must be published free of charge of the replier. In the case of failing to do so, resulting penalties will be legally charged against the publisher or network in the case that the reply is not published or broadcast. These provisions are believed by critics to limit the decisions of mass media entities in weighing broadcast and published works against the said replies as well as consequently aid government agents in evading criticisms hurled at them. “There have been talks with legislators regarding [passing] the FOI bill,” states Federis, referring to the 15th Congress, “but as to President Aquino himself, there are no indicators.”

Alliance

Federis states, referring to the mass media, “[We] challenge the Aquino administration to pass

stands

for

FOI

MGA FULUNG-VULUNGAN NG NAGJIJISANG...

Lola Patola
K
Akow na…Waley kowkowntra…Akow na ang bidang kontrabida…
ontravida na kung kontravida. Falavan na kung falavan. Vasta forla sa mga dearest afows kech ay wiz na wiz aatras si Lowla P sa kahit sinech itechwaley madlang utaws na meyk demands akech faalisin sa trono. Ezpesyali pa ngayon na dehins lang si Lowlow Upo niyo ang kering-keribells akechiwa ifaglavan kahit fatayan fa! Keriloo rin akech ifagtanggol ng akech Fafa Hector at Fafa Alejandro, dahiley sing-veautyful ko ang nagjijisang vidang-kontravida. Char! Anyweyz, so much foh the angas. Gora naman tayo sa mas falaban na mga chismaks na nasagaf ko sa sangka-YuFiEm-han. Awoo awoo awoo!!!

nalang na i-make-stopping kech ang fagfafakalat ng mga tsismaks tungkol sa kafanisan niyow! Vesides, wiz naman ako mag-julat ng chismaks na waley basis noh! At kung me frovlemo keyo, havey fwedengfwede kaayech magwritelaloo samin. Nevah titigil sa fagvavantay sa mga afows ko si Lowla P. I am hiir to stay no matter what. You can threaten me but you can never beat me. Evah! Chos!

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

News

Itanong Kay

Isko’t Iska
Ano ang masasabi mo sa mga bagong halal na kongresisita?
Generally, karamihan ng mga naelect ngayon, celebrities. I’m a bit skeptical sa capacities nila to perform their occupation well. Hindi naman lahat sila graduate ng course na related sa pinasok nilang career which is Politics. Although they may have good intentions for the country and the people, these are not enough to change or improve the existing conditions in the Philippines. Being in politics, one must also be knowledgeable in the ABCs of the career. –smiley Magaganda’t gwapo sila. Hahaha :)) –MahiyaingBiba, BS PH, 09***67 Masasabi ko lang ay sana gawin nila ng maayos ang trabaho nila... –Anonymous K-pop lover

R u b i l ic i o u s c h e o R va effekk N u m va h t w o : D e m e N t o R s D i s a p p e a R a ga i N a N D a ga i N . . . a N D a ga i N

R u b i l i c i o u s c h e o R va e f f e k k N u m va h o N e : b i t t e R o ca m p o a N g aRbiZi

Vakit ba dehins akech fatahimikin ng mga itechwaley sa rukrukan ng kafanisang Arbizi!?! Viruin nyow ba namang i-suggest na tanggalin daw ang akech part sa The Manila Kulengot. Homigad. Trulala at walang halong eklaborba itechiwa! To the maximum levelacious na itech! Dehins na sila nakuntentow na fahirapan ang akech mga afows at now akech naman ang tripipay nilang jomvagin, sifain at faalisin. At wiz lang iyan, gravacious daw sa fagpaparinig ang mga fifol sa Arbizi sa mga istaff ng Mkulengot. Ava ava ava, kahit nga si Maribel bilbil ay waley lakas ng loob na kavugin and beauty ng Lowla niyo, kayo fa kaya? Wishing nyo

Narerememvah nyo fa va ang vanat ko sa mga deMENTORS na namvavalewaley sa mga afows ko noong start ng sem? Well well well, itech jisang frop ang fatuloy pa rin sa wiz fag-funta sa kanyech mga klase. Gravacious at sovrang naaka-voil ng dugo davah!!! Dagdag fa ng jisa kowng afow na sangkatutak to the maximum levelacious na ang finapapanood sa kanilang movies na wiz naman konekted sa lesson of the day! At may iva fah na uber sa readings at wala namey discussions! At wiz rin knows magvaleek ng examinayshuns at eksersaysez! Supah vaklush at taray nyo frops!!! Kahit fa savihing nag-eenjoy ang akech mga afows sa mala-free cut nilang savjek ay dehins tama ang ganitech na happenings. My afows need quality edukasyones at hindi for free muvees at kung ano fa man! Supah laking frovlema talaga ang mga deMENTORS na itechiwa. I thought pa naman ay tagos sa vuto at laman ang faalala kow. Waley mangyayari sa mga afows ko sa mga ginagawey niyo kaya stop this nonsense already. Herkkkaaaayyyy? That’s it mga afows. Natafos na naman ang izang izzue ng chismakan at faguututang-dila. At jisang faalala, wiz suvukan si Lowla Patola. Hanggang sa muli, vavooshka dahling beybes!

Goodluck na lang sa kanila. Marami kasi sa kanila ay walang background sa politika kaya dapat magsikap sila na patunayan na dapat silang manatili sa pwesto. –Code.geek(); Patay kung patay. Nararapat na ilaan nila ang buong buhay, oras at kakayahan nila upang maglingkod sila sa publiko. –Hapontukin

Base sa mga dispersions na ginawa sa mga kampuhan ng magsasaka, masasabing hindi magandang simula sa kasalukuyang rehimen lalo pa’t isang malaking issue na kadikit ng kasalukuyang presidente ang usaping agraryo. –Angelo Rosal, BS CS ang mxaxbe ko lng, eh pagbutihin nila ang kanilang trabaho. mdme xa mga nhalal ngaun ay mga kilalang personalidad (artista, etc.). kasikatan man o hinde ang nging batayan, sila pa din ang hinalal ng madla. dpat lng na gmitin nila xa tama ang kapangyarihang ipinagkaloob xa kanila. – bNTxngKO, CAS, 09-10295

To cite one: Manny Pacquiao as congressman? Natatawa pa rin ako kapag naaalala ko na nanalo pala siya. Once, I was just imaging how he would deliver his privilege speech, tapos nung news nung gabi, un nag-speech na cya sa TV. Ako: <deep sigh>. Babantayan ko siya. I will be one of his critics. -2009-01333, CAS Hindi porket nagcrash course ang ilan sa kanila sa UP Diliman ay karapat dapat na sila sa position. – Tambay sa Lobby Some of them are not supposed to be there. – Kahit Ano

Yung mga kongresista ngayon parang walang binatbat. Yung mga artista naman kasi parang ginagawang 2nd career ang pulitika. – YOU

I T C Y

ORGANEWSATION

I think parang circus na ang congress! with a former president turned congresswoman kasama pa yung anak niya na feeling related sa mga tricycle driver at sekyu! masasabi ko lang, UMAYOS KAYO. we’re not morons to believe your foolish acts. –Ina Nacario, 1st YearBA Political science Many of them are tremendously hypocritical. –UPM A hindi na siya kongreso kundi isang tv show. andameng artista, pati si pacquiao nandun. ibang klase. –achieve na achieve! Halal sila ng mamayan, kaya wala tayong magagawa kung gusto nilang mag-shooting ng pelikula sa Congress.Pero pwede tayong makialam.-- Beach. Different first names, same surnames. Walang pagbabago sa composition ng Congress. Landed elites, business elites at kung ano-ano pang elites. House of Elites and Senate of the Artists na nga ata ang Congress! Disappointing much. :| -- Cleve Arguelles, 2008-00596, CAS Nagmukhang circus ang congress and senate. Biruin ba namang magsama-sama ang mga athletes, showbiz personalities, at pangulong naging congresswoman! Hanep! Baka mapakanta niyo pa si Britney Spears ng “Circus” niyan sa kongreso. :D --2010-14725, BA PolSci

The Manila Collegian reserves a space for announcements, gigs, and rendezvous tidbits of organizations in UP Manila. Submit your announcements via email to themanilacollegian@gmail. com. Max of 100 words ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• nihahandog ng Komite sa Kultura ng USC ngayong Agosto “PADAYON: Ang Wika at Kultura sa Nababagong Panahon. Abangan ang mga anunsyo para sa karagdagang detalye. ••• he UPM Streetdance Corps brings you “SO YOU THINK YOU CAN DANCE? CHOREOGRAPHERS’ WEEK2”, August 16-20, at the SSWC Multipurpose Hall and Dance Studio, 5:00 - 7:00 pm. Tickets are sold at P50. ••• inemata UPM shall hold a film screening of Magkakapatid, a film by Kim Homer Garcia, on August 6 at the Little Theater. The movie shall be shown twice on that day, at 10 am and at 3 pm. Tickets can be brought from its members at 100Php each. The event is sponsored by the CASSC. ••• ou are invited to a big celebration! August is Behavioral Sciences Month. We will be celebrating this year’s BehSci month with the theme: Moving Beyond Excellence in Service of Humanity through various activities and events which we have prepared for everyone- especially for you! Forums, filmshowings, and exhibits will be held the whole month. See posters or simply approach any BESTSOC member for more details.

CONTINUED ON PAGE 17

FRIDAY

• 13 AUGUST 2010 •

7

Features

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5
Inhumane is the torture of the forty-three illegally detained health workers; more so, of the two who are carrying in their womb their life’s offspring. They were handcuffed, blindfolded and forcibly delivered to a military camp. As 300 soldiers from the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) were deployed to their health training site in Morong, Rizal, all they could do is follow the commands of the fully-armed. Sleep was denied from them as they were mentally and physically tortured night and day unceasingly. They were harassed as military officers would pull down their underwear if they need to answer nature’s call. These people being subjected to the cruel interrogation procedures of the military were tagged as the “Morong 43”— 43 volunteer health workers who were brutally arrested and tortured despite their only aim of serving the deprived rural communities. The unlawful detention of the Morong 43 provided one of the most concrete evidences of unjustifiable human rights violations (HRV) committed during Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s term. The verge of this arrest lies not on the conducts of the military towards the political prisoners but on the new jeopardized tactic of the authorities: an eye for the innocence of the guiltless, in this case, the innocence of the women. Held as captives, two pregnant detainees endured physical and mental tortures despite their sensitive conditions. But the real victims of the unlawful detention of the pregnant health workers are the innocent infants who are caught in the middle of the military’s deception.
nobody can guarantee that these generous acts will continue giving the children’s needs while their mothers are still held in captivity. Despite the continuous oppression being encountered by Judilyn and Mercy, they received not even a single consideration from the authorities, a clear indication that the human rights violations they encounter are among the least of the past and present governments’ priorities. the military in order to prove that they are indeed insurgents. The police’s dictum “to serve and protect” the people seems to be fallacious as they spearheaded the arrest of the health workers who present themselves as one of the very few servants of the underprivileged masses. They were detained in Camp Capinpin where they were inhumanely tortured despite the precarious conditions of some of them. Five of the forty-three were coerced to profess that they are members of the CPP-NPA for the pains of torture is unbearable for them anymore. These five remained to the said camp where interrogations were furthered while the remaining thirty-eight were transferred to Camp Bagong Diwa. The inhumanity that is the torture is carried not only by the pregnant women, more so, of the infant on their womb in spite of their criticality.

Women Under Torture

Judylin Carina Oliveros was three months pregnant when she was detained by the AFP in Camp Capinpin; on the other hand, Mercy Castro only learned her pregnancy in the said camp days after their arrest. Judilyn and Mercy are two living proofs of how the AFP is willing to defy universal ethics just to coerce their brainwashing ploy among the common taos. Evenmore, they are glaring victims of the so-called intersectionality of repression as multiple violations were inflicted unto them in spite their being victims of unlawful imprisonment, their critical conditions as female pregnant detainees and their inclusion among the urban poor of the Philippine society. However, despite their very delicate situations, the government seemed to have turned its ears deaf to them for their emancipation is not yet granted upon them. “Noong pinagbubuntis ko pa lang si Morong, kapag may bisita kami, gumugulo

siya, pero kapag bumalik na ko sa selda, tumitigal naman siya. Damang-dama niya lahat ng mga nararamdaman ko habang nandito ako,” said Judilyn in an exclusive interview, explaining how her baby, during her time of pregnancy, seems to feel about her unwarranted calvary as if knowing that it is his future that is at stake in her situation.

What Went Wrong

8 • 13 AUGUST 2010 •

FRIDAY

Since Judilyn and Mercy are among those who are living below poverty line, they need to work in order to maintain the high cost of pregnancy, let alone make ends meet, but since the prison does not provide them an avenue for full-time work to support their needs, they are merely being deprived of the things that are most essential to their condition. These basic needs of the pregnant women that the prison fails to provide such as vitamin supplements among others are being voluntarily sponsored by their support groups instead. Nevertheless, this merely offers a band-aid solution as

On February 6, just as 43 health workers were attending a “First Responders Training” sponsored by the health NGOs Community Medicine Foundation and Council for Health and Development in the rest house of a renowned infectious disease specialist, Dr. Melecia Velmonte, three hundred members of the 202nd Infantry Brigade of the AFP including the Rizal Philippine National Police forayed the said rest house which is a regular venue for health trainings. The AFP declared the health workers as members of the so-called “health bureau” of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) - National People’s Army (NPA) guerrillas as a caliber .45 pistol, a caliber .38 revolvers, three hand grenades and bomb-making materials were found within the vicinity of the rest house. This allegation, however, is being consistently denied by the detainees, claiming that those were just planted by

Since then, the situation of the 43 health workers has not progressed at all: months have passed and the case against them remains unresolved. As mirrored in their conditions, the country’s existing laws and provisions become the key breeders of social injustice, inequality and impunity. These laws and provisions cause the failure of institution of due process in their case which further causes their protracted imprisonment.

Mothers’ Calvary

On July 22, Judilyn gave birth to a baby

boy she named after the place of their arrestment, Morong. But even Judilyn’s pains of caesarian labor will not come close to the pain of not being with her newborn baby as she is bound to return to prison days after. “Pagtapos nito, kailangan na naming umalis dito sa ospital. Ako, babalik na dun [in prison]. Siya [Baby Morong], baka nanay ko muna ang magalaga. Magiging mahirap para sa’min,” explained Judilyn in an exclusive interview. She was only allowed by Judge Gina Cenat Escoto of the Morong Regional Trial Court Branch 78 to give birth at the Philippine General Hospital due to the accessibility of better and sufficient medical facilities and equipment. The issue of Judilyn’s condition after giving birth is also being insistently brought up by her family and the Morong 43’s support groups as Camp Bagong Diwa does not provide the essentials she needs for full recovery. For one, the prison does not have post-natal care facilities and the necessary medicines needed for Judilyn’s immediate recuperation. In spite of this, she is compelled by the court’s decision to return to prison after three days to one week’s time. What makes this matter critical not only for Judilyn and her child is the fact that their condition emphasizes the grave unconstitutionality imposed by the civil government.

health trainings and seminars couldn’t sustain them as the inhospitable atmosphere induced by the prison cell to its detainees seriously eradicated their state of well-being. Although their situation improved as tortures are not being executed anymore, their basic needs as pregnant women are not being provided by the Department of Jail Management and Penology (DJMP). The basic needs of the pregnant women are not being subsidized by the camp due primarily to budget constraints of the DJMP. Despite their situation, they receive no special treatments for they are considered like common convicted prisoners.

43, including Judilyn and Mercy, would still want to pursue being volunteers, a glaring proof that they are but mere health workers who aims at doing nothing but to serve the underprivileged communities. As Judilyn puts it, “Wag kayong maawa samin, mas maawa tayo sa mga tao sa labas na nangangailangan ng tulong natin.” The current Philippine system where violence through the usage of arms of those in power and impunity prevails must be revolutionized in order to put an end to the unsolved human rights violation cases and to give justice to those who are proved innocent over time. It is ephemeral for the government to just pursue the Morong 43 case primarily because it attracts the condemnation of the public, but accordingly, the course of the legal process is what the masses are waiting for. It is traced from the history of political deliquency that baffling circumstances achieved

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

no legitimacy. The task of accomplishing uncalled human rights defiance is what sculpts the conviction of the general public. There would be no justice if unwarranted transgressions still sweep the nation.

Features

The future of Morong estranged from Judilyn offers another distinct focus of concern since it would be highly improper for both of them to live separately. An infant has optimal needs that only his own mother could give. In this case, what hinders the totality of the mother and child relationship is the lack of due process of Judilyn’s detention; her motherhood will be taken away from her and her baby’s state of wellbeing will be jeopardized due to the military’s baseless allegations. In the end, Morong, despite his innocence, will be the ultimate victim: he will be denied of his basic needs as an infant while due process is also kept denied from his mother. The exceptional instance of Judilyn’s recovery is even decelerated by an inapt prison condition and apprehension of her estrangement with her baby. To address the concerns, Morong 43 supporters plan to petition for Judilyn’s transfer to a detention with a home-like environment until Morong is much ready to be separated from her. This motion, however, is far from materializing for even if emergency situations like these needs immediate rulings, the DJMP still requires the petitioners to follow the protracted and inefficient system of petition. The provision of a conducive environment for both the mother and the child should likewise be given an utmost consideration for the reason that it presents a matter between life and death.

The 43’s inclusion in the incomegenerating activities led by the jail officers alone confirms that the camp indeed has financial drawbacks and could not sustain the basic needs and the medical care of the all the detainees it houses, more so, of the pregnant ones. Hence, the prison fails to provide Judilyn and Mercy immediate medical attention for it does not only have a disproportionate ratio of the detainees that is in dire need for medical supervision, but also a substandard system for humane health services that were proved to be flawed and inefficient. The need for immediate medical attention is hindered by a closely controlled military policy, implementing court orders as a prerequisite even to the most urgentlyneeded health services. In the first place, these tragic situations are not supposed to be experienced by the detainees as they were robbed of their lives due to an unproven claim. Despite these critical issues being raised concerning Judilyn and her newborn baby, and the rest of the Morong 43, the ordered review of the case by the Aquino administration still proves to be an unkept promise of change. This command lacks enthusiasm and also, a sense of judicial responsibility which further exhibits either Noynoy’s lack of interest in the case or his bias towards the imprisonment of the innocent health workers.

If due process is needed for these Judilyn and Mercy to be released in order to attend to their matriarchal roles uninterruptedly, trial procedures must be done as soon as possible. In the face of these all, only one option remains: Free the 43!

Even amidst various groups’ clamor for the release of the Morong 43, the detainees’ standpoint still remains resolute. Their

If concerns regarding Judilyn and Morong’s situation will not be addressed today, another mother and child will suffer the same predicaments as Mercy Castro is due to give birth to a baby girl she would call “Selda” on October. Nevertheless, despite these unfortunate events, the Morong

FRIDAY

• 13 AUGUST 2010 •

9

Features

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

How Aquino’s sonA encum
ARIES JOSEPH ARMENDI HEGINA AND JESSE NICOLE RUBIO SANTOS

TIPPING TH

I

t was one big irony. From the inspirational catch-phrases and buzzwords to the desperate and relentless sabotage of the past administration—Aquino’s To Change is to be Conformist first State of the Nation Address (SONA) failed to discuss genuine reform. The “Sa unang tatlong linggo ng aming new president ran short of presenting a clear picture of society’s ills and a sign panunungkulan, marami po kaming natuklasan. Nais ko pong ipahayag sa of concrete and tangible societal change that is highly expected of his rule. While he boasted of creating a new and revolutionized Philippine nation, what came out of his SONA was an atrocious pattern vulgarly resembling that regime which he vehemently condemns. To Create is to Destroy
“Matagal pong naligaw ang pamahalaan sa daang baluktot. Araw-araw po, lalong lumilinaw sa akin ang lawak ng problemang ating namana. Damang-dama ko ang bigat ng aking responsibilidad.” It is unbelievable that President Benigno S. Aquino III, in all his bald and stark yellow glory, could conceive an effective and clever ruse to sweeten the already sugary image of his administration and presidency. He vindictively revealed some of the vilest examples of corruption supposedly hidden from the public eye and inside the closet of the former Philippine President and current Pampanga 2nd District Representative, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Aquino hit the GMA administration blow by blow. Without any reservations, he showed all the controversies lurking in the darkest corners of the then President’s closet. devil himself. Despite the glorious uproar of the public concerning the revelation of these facts, some government officials are questioning their validity. The likes of Representative Danilo Suarez, House Deputy Speaker Jesus Crispin Remulla and then Agriculture Secretary Arthur Yap stated that the figures that Aquino said are incorrect. inyo ang iilan lamang sa mga namana nating suliranin at ang ginagawa naming hakbang para lutasin ang mga ito.” A SONA is supposed to be an honest report of the nation’s status quo. Through it, the president conveys the concrete steps that the president will follow to solve the crises that plague society. But then history serves as a reminder that this description has not yet transcended the theoretical realm. In reality, the past SONAs have displayed a stark contrast to this definition.

The revelations concerning the Arroyo administration could be classified into three types: the misappropriation of the national budget, the unjustifiable spending of public funds for self interests, and the erroneous allotment of the government’s money for superfluous expenses and projects.

For instance, the Aquino claim that only P100 billion of the P1.5 trillion 2010 national budget is available for the remainder of the year, is questionable, as Suarez stated. He said that around 750 Billion Pesos are still there to be spent. Also, Yap claims that there was even an under-importation of 600,000 metric tons of rice; contradicting Aquino’s statement that there happened an over-importation of rice by three folds of the normal rice deficit. Indeed, Aquino felt it was necessary to exaggerate certain facts about the Arroyo administration. This embellishment of details presents a certain sense of insecurity or it may be a safeguard in perpetuating the people’s trust in him. Presenting inaccurate facts to the people is dangerous for Aquino because “the people will believe hook, line, and sinker everything he said”, as Suarez puts it. Aquino feasted on the ills of the Arroyo administration that his first SONA became a mud-slinging bout. He utilized the scandals of the previous regime to further boost up his administration’s “matuwid” image. Using this tactic proved to be effective though, as he gained high trust ratings and even commendations from the international community. But when the time comes that all the stench of the GMA government has been wafted, he must think of other strategies to keep his fragrant name from turning stale and not just relying on destroying his predecessor’s already shattered governance to reinforce the foundations of his still rickety yellow rule.

History has taught the Filipino people time and again that the SONA is the venue for giving people the prospects of change by reforms and implementation of new laws. Yet, these prospects, as proved by the mass movements of the people for change in every president’s term were not justifiable enough to address the pressing issues during these times. And now, even the 15th president’s SONA is an unceasing tradition of deception. The SONA of Aquino could have been far none better than his predecessors’ past discourses. It is rendered to be the conventional type: hurling criticisms at his predecessor’s rule yet not offering concrete actions of his own, rallying change by using stirring words and being able to identify himself with the masses, and distancing himself to address social issues that are mostly

The problems were thought to be “shocking”, as what the president is envisioning it to be. 100 billion, or equal to 1% for each remaining month of the year, misuse of the calamity fund, government agencies like DPWH and NFA which are dogged with graft and corruption, MWSS Board of Trustees’ siphoning of budget, and the purchasing of the government of companies, like NAPOCOR and MRT that are verging into insolvency. From thrashing the devil’s advocate he turned into the

10 • 13 AUGUST 2010 •

FRIDAY

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

HE SCALE:
needed to be solved.

Features

mbered

Arroyo in His fAvor
when she first stood on that platform. Nothing was new.

ILLUSTRATION AND PHOTOS BY EJ JALLORINA, KATHLEEN GUIANG, AND MARION BIOLENA
Another evidence of Aquino’s conformity to the reality-based definition of a SONA would be how his first SONA bore a close resemblance to that of Arroyo. In mentioning one “new and creative” proposal designed for infrastructural development which is the Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), Aquino managed to contradict his thirty-minute rant against Arroyo. Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), as viewed by the International Monetary Fund-World Bank (IMF-WB), is a financing scheme preferred by world governments to answer their lack of funds for infrastructure projects. Furthermore, PPP promises that it can grant better and improved services which are same with those allotted in the national budget. Also, it can maximize the number of infrastructure projects which are limited in the country’s budget.

Both tried to ensure the public of a better nation for all–an attempt at a differentiation from what their predecessors accomplished. Motivational linguistics became a must as vague platforms laced their speeches. Both assured the masses that they would investigate the crimes their predecessors committed–Arroyo asserted that investigations of the corruption allegations against Estrada would be undertaken while Aquino prompted the establishment of a Truth Commission to evaluate the Arroyo administration. Arroyo eventually granted Estrada a presidential pardon in 2007, contradicting her predisposed promise and toppling all the hard work of filing and trying cases. The people should remain critical and be wakeful of what will become of Aquino’s Truth Commission. The country is well aware of how Arroyo’s first SONA turned out to be for the nine years that followed it. Though the same cannot entirely hold true for Aquino, the possibility cannot be ruled out. The orator and his speech looked different but underneath all the inspiring words, spirit-lifting messages and ground-breaking promises lies an almost exact clone of what Arroyo said

Both presidents ascended to the throne with predecessors that were largely unpopular with the masses. Arroyo was the product of People Power II which ousted former president Estrada on grounds of massive corruption, plunder and jueteng, among many others. On the other hand, Aquino was hailed as a triumphant replacement for a largely unpopular regime. They inherited the same societal plagues: widespread poverty, empty treasuries, low food supply, and budget deficits, among others.

To Resolve Perennial Predicaments is to Scrap Corruption
“Nagsimula nang mabuo ang ating Truth Commission, sa pangunguna ni dating Chief Justice Hilario Davide. Hahanapin natin ang katotohanan sa mga nangyari diumanong katiwalian noong nakaraang siyam na taon. Sa loob ng linggong ito, pipirmahan ko ang kauna-unahang Executive Order na nagtatalaga sa pagbuo nitong Truth Commission.” In vividly describing a handful of the anomalies of the past administration, it seems as though Aquino has the invisible mandate to distinguish right from wrong. The Aquino administration constantly and desperately identifies itself with the so-called straight path. To be worthy of such a label, he is determined to probe the anomalies of the Arroyo administration by forming the Truth Commission that will dig through the bloody carcass of the last nine years.

To head the Truth Commission, Aquino appointed former Chief Justice Hilario Davide. Aquino’s appointments border on the “familiar” officials: his own relatives, and different names from the private sector but nevertheless present an uncanny similarity to Arroyo’s appointees. Davide clearly is no exception to the given categories. But if Aquino were to fulfill his promise of change, then reusing former officials who proved to be identified with the forces that he condemns would prove such view of change to be futile. With the absence of much needed clarification concerning the seemingly blacklisted topics and substantial reform proposals, came the presence of anti-corruption bills in the new president’s SONA. Since the beginning of his campaign, Aquino banked on his famous slogan “Kung walang corrupt, walang mahirap”. He seemingly deluded himself including the people with the notion that the prevention of corruption is the answer to all the country’s problems. There is a lot to be corrected, reformed and revolutionized in the Philippine system. Anti-corruption campaigns alone cannot transcend the boundaries of other significant issues in society.

Ratified by the President’s mother, the late president Corazon Aquino through Executive Order No. 215, PPP along with the Build-Operate-Transfer and other related economic accords were introduced as a solution for the then dismal post-Marcos economy of the country. It is probable that Aquino further utilized another of the legacies of his mother. This measure has been one of the reasons of the growth of privatization and the ballooning of budgetary deficits in the country, the true legacy of the Cory Aquino administration. And this same inheritance from his mother is the curse that is continually inflicting colossal economic damages to the already devastated Philippines. Projects under the PPP include infrastructure and development measures. Investment in supposedly publicfunded infrastructure projects usually fall on the hands of big multinational and local “partners”.

To Revolutionize is to be Retrospective

It is ironic that Aquino is heralding the PPP as the savior of the present economy when he himself stated the losses of the NAPOCOR, MRT, and MWSS, which are all products of the said scheme in the country. He is seeing the PPP as a myopic concept that really offers no solution. It is being groomed as model that is framed on a perspective of lending a hand to the government by private investors but in reality, pulling the country into the abyss of possible unceasing debt and dependence to economic exploiters. His SONA also reflected that PPP is for the benefit of the business sector, not for the resolution of the people’s longstanding problems. These private “partners” are the ones who construct and control different infrastructure projects CONTINUED ON PAGE 18

“Kahit gaano po kalaki ang kakulangan para mapunuan ang mga listahan ng ating pangangailangan… ito ang magiging solusyon: mga Public-Private Partnerships.”

FRIDAY

• 13 AUGUST 2010 •

11

culture

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

AUBREY NICOLE LEONES ARBOLEDA AND JETHRO CIMANES PEREZ ILLUSTRATIONS BY KATRINA JOY CAPULONG “Darkness falls across the land. The midnight hour is close at hand. Creatures crawl in search of blood to terrorize your neighborhood…” –Thriller

Reality and Monstrosit y

Manananggal: The Youth Buster

he Filipino mass, now set under new leadership, thrives in the sparks of a newfound hope. Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino’s recent acquisition of the presidential seat has not only led to the rise but also magnified the expectations of the Filipino people. Essentially, we expect the Philippine archipelago to be touched by the yellow sun – that the greenery of economy be lush, that the seas of political harmony be unexploited and that the skies of Filipino welfare be clearer.

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onsters have either been told as bedtime stories or passed on accounts from generation to generation. Each has its own horrifying facet that haunts us in our sleep. Yet they all share a certain weakness—daylight. Perhaps because of the ‘enlightenment’ that the rays of the sun entail, the emergence of well-aware citizens threatens their fantastical existence. A pandemonium of greater terror is brought upon us when the roads of corrupt societal monsters become parallel with the monsters of folklore, when reality and monstrosity become one at 12 midnight.
by the manananggal’s settlement on the roof of houses, to terminate those who dare obstruct their plans. This was best portrayed in the case of Sherlyn Cadapan and Karen Empeno who were abducted during their struggle against the vile intentions and actions of those in power. Blinded by the sweetness of so-called economic partnerships, Filipinos fail to see the true foreign interest in the consumption of our products and their use of our natural resources.

welfare. Motives guised by brotherhood, we let ourselves believe their outrageous acts of greed unknown to some.

It must never be disregarded, however, that even politicians with the purest of hearts, may turn evil when tempted by power and wealth. By acts of greed like siphoning public funds, they strip the youth of their chances to achieve a supposedly bright future and nurturing present. But with the growing number of youth, a greater challenge is faced by these oppressive officials.

The intense desire for blood and power of those who are corrupt is also possessed by the manananggal that craves for children’s blood. From generation to generation, stories about the manananggal have been passed on especially in the provinces of Capiz, Iloilo and Antique. Derived from the Filipino word ‘tanggal’, the manananggal severs its waist to separate its upper torso from its lower torso. It subsequently grows bat-like wings in order to roam towns in search for victims. In its quest for a sumptuous dinner, the manananggal flies off and roams over houses. When it smells the appetizing aroma of youth in the belly of a pregnant woman, especially that of a fetus in its developing stages, it settles on the victim’s roof and punctures it thereafter to create a small hole. It slithers its long and sharp tubular tongue into the hole to reach the sleeping victim below while its tongue pierces through the victim’s skin and sucks the blood from the heart of the unborn baby. The manifestations of the manananggal may not be overtly evident but its presence is strongly parallel to the actions of some of our governmental officials. Those who grip in power use their position and power over the state and the military, symbolized

While the upper torso preys, the lower torso is left hidden in the woods. When salt is sprinkled or garlic is smeared on the severed waist of the lower torso, the two halves are disabled to reconnect until the manananggal finally dies at daybreak. It might be more difficult than just smearing garlic or sprinkling salt, however, to kill the manananggal of our society when they have even adapted and upgraded this unique strategy. As we try to kill their unjust ways, we are invariably challenged since the perfect time to kill them is also the moment that they are at their paramount stealth. We then are led back to the sparks of hope that the yellow sun be the light that turns the manananggal into ashes rather than be a bloody concealment of a power hungry and wealth seeking monstrosity. Nevertheless, let us be vigilant for the yellow sun might only be a transient light. When the doom of the night begins, there will be no light that will illuminate this monster; we may never know if a manananggal once again flaps its wings above us.

In the history of the country, we had continually enslaved ourselves to the will of the foreign will by succumbing to their desires. Their gifts of economic aids and investments actually mask their ugly intentions of maintain the Philippines as their colony, forever catering to their needs alone. Since then, the Philippine economy has suffered tremendously, reflected by the palpable poverty in the slums and streets of Manila. While our country is suffering, foreign nations enjoy the riches offered by our lands just like the suffering of a victim during the agonizing bite of a vampire as it sucks its blood dry.

As early as now, our farmers should cultivate garlic to repel these foreign personifications of the Danag. We need to drive them from our lands and wake up from the hazy landscape that we have created. If only the Filipino people realize, utilize and nourish the agricultural riches akin to our nation by investing on our own resources, we can impede the unnecessary imperial influence that shatters our identity as an agricultural country.

Kapre: The Obstinate Landlord

Let us always consider whether or not the enticing promises of foreign investors are only a guise of a silhouette in the darkness of exploitation. A very old Visayan word and its mythological history, Danag, attest to the blinding poison of blood in its literal sense. The Danag is the Filipino version of the vampire, a bloodsucking demon.

s one of the largest island-groups in the world, the Philippines boasts of its wealth in its prime source of life: agriculture. Our country is blessed with fertile plains where rice, the staple food of the Filipino people is cultivated. In fact, records show that new and innovative methods of planting have paved the way for growth in agricultural output in the recent decades.

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Danag: The Con Artist

12 • 13 AUGUST 2010 •

he Philippines is comprised of 7,100 islands of virgin forests, land rich in various elements, seas that carry a wondrous array of aquatic species and hospitable citizens most of all. Our country possesses natural resources that make industrialized countries such as the United States of America and China green with envy.

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FRIDAY

The story of the Danag starts with the partnership that the Danag established with the humans. Helping the humans plant taro on our islands, the Danag has maintained an unscathed relationship with the humans until its morbid end one fateful day when a woman cut her finger. The Danag sucked her blood and enjoyed the taste. Unable to resist, the Danag killed the woman by draining her blood. As we can see, the Danag and these foreign investors are very much the same. At first glance, we see a rainbow of promises yet beyond this; these promises turn out to be promises for themselves and turmoil for our

However, those who suffer hard for the food we eat remain poor. Composing seventypercent of our society, they are forced to

carry on the feudalistic approach wherein the system almost legalizes the abusive power of the landlord over his laborers. Stuck in the ways of our ancestors, we continue to implement the system wherein the land owner only reaps what the farmers have sown.

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5
horse) is very much like them. It has a head of a horse and the body of a human but with the feet of a horse. The image of the Tikbalang was started by the Spanish conquistadors to make sure the natives do not go out at night. The fact that the horses only arrived in the Philippines during the Spanish invasion actually proves their claim. A nauseating stench of burning hair alerts their victims of their impending doom. They are said to scare travelers and lead them astray such that they keep on returning at an arbitrary path no matter where he goes. Other legends say that when rain falls while the sun is shining means a pair of Demon Horses is being wed. Weddings of the Demon Horses are usually disturbing. People are forced to stay indoors for the time being instead of being able to enjoy a sunny day. Illegal and secret deals by corrupt government officials similar to the weddings of this creature. Those who are in charge enjoy their gains while the masses are forced to suffer the consequences of their greed and lies. Even though we may not suffer directly in the actions of these corrupt officials, we are still left with no choice but to stay in the wreckage while others gloat of their apparent success. Instead of being able to do something else, they are left to take care of the mess that they did not create. Like everyone else, the Tikbalang has a weakness. Legend says that one can tame a Tikbalang by obtaining the three thickest spines from its mane. It can be used as an anting-anting (talisman) in order to have this creature follow is will. This can be paralleled to uncovering the underhand acts and tactics of corrupt officials through obtaining evidences that will be used against them. We must make ourselves aware of the truth about the actions that may seem right are actually wrong.

Tikbalang: The Illusionist

developed a culture of impunity that those who commit crime no longer fear the law and the wrath of the people.

culture

In spite of the implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law which is supposed to protect agricultural workers and provide them land accessibility and other inputs, a number of landless farmers have still been fighting for their rights to the land they cultivate. What is even more disturbing is that those who are in power like the Arroyos and the Aquinos who swore to be to serve the country, are the most controversial land owners who deprive the farmers of their rights. The prominent families refused to relinquish their properties, Hacienda Bacan, Hacienda Grande and Hacienda Luisita, respectively, thereby provoking the farmers to fight for their rights by going on hunger strikes, camping in various agencies and walking for days in hopes their pleas will be heard. Surely, the political integrity of the Philippines will suffer even more with its own leaders thwarting the Agrarian Reform Law. These hacienderos, the Kapre of agricultural land ownership, just sit back and relax with their lit tobaccos at hand instead of creating a solution to the problems that caused the plight of the oppressed farmers. Said to be a territorial creature, the Kapre dwells in hefty trees such as acacias, mangoes bamboos and banyan or balete. It is a creature with a towering height ranging from 7 to 9 feet, brown and hairy skin and a long beard. The Kapre would usually smoke tobacco pipes to attract human attention. It loves playing pranks on people, disorienting travelers to lose their way in the mountains and forests. It also has the ability of confusing people even in a familiar environment, hence the metaphor of land deprivation for farmers. Henceforth, the line between total ownership and mere occupation is hazy. As the Kapre sits atop a tree, a sense of authority is established. Those who were sworn into office are only after their own interests. By voting for them, we give them the power and the capacity to do so. Yet, while there is a sense of authority established, we still hesitate to do what we know is right. Like a Kapre gripping its position, the people would hesitate to pick the trees’ fruit in fear of its presence. The greenery trees that are necessary for life are not taken advantage by its rightful owners.

Take the Maguindanao massacre as an example, where seventy-seven died with multiple witnesses’ statements’ leading to a particular family. Those victims have not yet given appropriate course of justice. The overwhelming evidences against the Ampatuans were not enough to put them behind bars. Despite the brutal nature of the crime and the world wide condemnation it received, the courts still let them go since they were given unsuitable charges. They were able to run free and participate in the recent elections while the families of all the victims are left in despair.

resident Benigno Aquino III inherited more than his parents’ legacy. He also inherited the problems of the previous administration. The drawback of corruption is one of them.

P

Improving the system of communication in our country is one of the goals of the previous administration. It was conceptualized in the NBN-ZTE deal that was meant to turn the dream into a reality. However, allegations of corruption are evident in the making of the deal. It seems like a great achievement though in actuality it was all false promises. It involves giving the Chinese telecommunications firm ZTE for the proposed government-managed National Broadband Network (NBN) a US$329 million construction contract. It has also taken an interesting turn of events that includes the resignation of Benjamin Abalos as COMELEC chairman, the suspected bribery of congressmen and provincial governors called as “Bribery in the Palace”, removing of Jose de Venecia, Jr. as House Speaker, and the alleged kidnapping of Rodolfo Noel Lozada, Jr. who is the designated National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) consultant who became a NBN-ZTE witness. Beneath this seemingly harmless and helpful deal, is a web of lies meant to manipulate the masses. At some point, they may seem like real sympathetic and helpful though they only want to benefit themselves. The seemingly helpful façade that they possess just masks their underhand tactics. The people’s trust will then waver, the reputation of our government will go downhill and country’s financial crisis will go worse.

Everyday, ordinary citizens wait until they can see the criminal behind bars. Some waited for months, years and even decades till they can finally find justice. Others died even before that. Still no matter how long they wait, justice is yet to be served. The criminals roam free while victims have no choice but to hide and fear what could happen next. They had to avoid doing certain things, always being cautious when they go out. Be it a politician who thinks he is better than everyone else or a common crook, we can never be too sure if he is after us next. Similar to those who had to live in fear until their case is closed, people also avoid being the vicinity of a Nuno. A Nuno is a small old man with a long beard who is easily angered and will do harm to those who damage or disturbs his mound called punso. It is said that when passing an ant hole or a punso, excuses usually like “tabi-tabi po” is usually said first so the Nuno will do you no harm. The respect given to a Nuno is similar to the respect we show those who are in power. Out of fear, we begin to see them above us and fear the damage that they may inflict. Regardless of the fact that you are right or wrong, those who are in power are still the ones who are right.

Many mischievous youth, as stories have told, creep up to a Kapre at night and tie a rope to its neck and around the tree. The next day, the rope is still tied to the tree but the Kapre is nowhere to be seen. The embers of these hacienderos’ tobacco still haunt our Filipino farmers. Even with the towering height in governmental position that these landlords carry, our farmers can still acquire their land, with a sturdy rope and a strong and secure knot perhaps.

However, the government official’s tactics of shadowing deals with promises of industrialization and modernization is parallel to a creature said to manipulate what you see. This particular creature is said to lurk in the mountains and forests in the Philippines is the Tikbalang (Demon

Nuno sa Punso : The Malicious Cripple

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ustice delayed is justice denied. For a country that you can actually s ee the obvious slow pace of justice that we

For a Nuno to be able to curse the person, the person must be in close range. It will then spit on the trespasser’s body. The trespasser would then experience aches or soreness on the affected part of the body. There is a common belief that if modern medicine is unable to cure a particular disease, it may be because of the curse of the Nuno. People at that time believed that the curse will only go away once the victim is brought to an albularyo. The victims of the Nuno will then provide an offering for the Nuno such as fruits and other food or any material object. Giving an offering to the Nuno just so that the victim will survive its wrath is very similar to the way Filipinos are giving certain gifts to avoid the malicious and selfish politicians who manipulate people in order to gain profit or favors. Living in fear, people had to give in to the demands of those who have power. Yet, we should not be intimidated by their hostile personalities. In a bigger picture, they are a cripple who needs our help in winning elections or defending them in their time of need. However, beneath the façade of fame and glamour is a malicious CONTINUED ON PAGE 18

FRIDAY

• 13 AUGUST 2010 •

13

“UP naming mahal, pamantasang hirang. Ang tinig namin, sana’y inyong dinggin…” University of the Philippines—an institution that was established to offer tertiary education for deserving scholarly youth of the country; a community that has a social obligation of giving back its students’ knowledge through unwavering service for their motherland’s benefit. As it celebrates its 102nd year of foundation this year, the University continues to strive to achieve its aim which is to still serve as a pillar of “honor and excellence”. UP still struggles to be the face of the oppressed society; yet there are still hindrances that are inevitably rising. These problems alter depending on the actions taken by liable people. They are the ones who will handle the situations and will mark such consequences. In these cases, too, time is an essential determinant on how decisions will affect the situations occurring. It serves as an element on how things will be dealt and a critical view on how the effects will be applied for the betterment of the university. History is an essential factor for building and strengthening an institution. The university, for instance, faced certain chapters throughout its existence that brought out UP’s distinction among other universities. This distinction molded to what the university’s faculty and students turned out. Again, time became an important aspect in instilling the importance of UP’s history especially to its students. Time had been a significant factor for the developments of UP. Time also marks proof that we must look upon the past to see how we would able to reestablish our present and prepare for our future as well. Time along with enduring goals contributes to the successes and failures of “UP Nating Mahal”.

operations. It was the will of serving the people that motivated them to face the constant threats of war. The country would undergo rehabilitation after the war, and that UP knew that this was the right time to test its capacity and capability in producing graduates who will utilize their knowledge to help the country in its depressing phase. Likewise, they wanted to show that the university’s sense of obligation for its students was never devalued in spite of the immense danger that was surrounding the atmosphere back then.

have preferred to continue their studies in the university for they believe in its pledge for quality education and social service. In this time, the students were given more significance in their stand in the university with their contribution in UPM’s rebuilding state. A big shift of the student’s outlook in the society emerged as the 1970’s came in the Philippines. It was known as the “First Quarter Storm” or FQS. This event was born due to the dissatisfaction of the people, particularly the students, towards the Marcos regime. In this chapter of UP’s history, the concept of activism started to evolve in its students. Their growing consciousness regarding the issues in the society led them to initiate several protests and demonstrations, which the military forces answered back with violent dispersals through forced arrest and teargas. These constant actions, together with the minor participation of the people, eventually made the student activists to isolate in the mountains and establish a firmer alliance to oppose the prevailing system of the government that time. These protests against the government led by students, mostly known from UP, motivated other sectors of the society to speak out for change. Together with other state universities and active organizations, they acted as one to show the reigning power that they are looking for a better system in the government and in the country, too. With the state universities, UP Diliman students were noticed to be very active with these protests. On what the people do not see, students from UP Manila also participate with these movements, only that it is barely noticed and rare, so to speak. The First Quarter S t o r m ,

The Students: The Base

Under the First Philippine Legislative Act No. 1870, also known as the “University Act”, UP Manila was established to offer a high standard of tertiary education for Filipino youth. It was first named as the “American University of the Philippines” which is incorporated with the settlement of the American colonial era in the country. With its mission that is “to provide advanced instruction in liberation, philosophy, science and arts and give professional and technical training to every qualified student,” it stresses out that UP was created to bring quality education for all deserving students, regardless of their social status.

UP marked a new concept of “quality education for all”, that every legitimate Filipino can study, less the high cost factor. It was evident that before UP was established; entering a university would mean a lot of money, a factor that most Filipino families would not buy. First is because parents do not earn that much to sustain their children’s education; second, reputable universities by that time were very expensive to enroll at and that only wealthy students can afford to study then; and lastly, they prefer their children to be with them to till their land or help do the chores for they think that their children will be more productive with that way. But the university wanted to break that concept that education is only for the privileged. It wanted to prove that even back then there is an institution that can house intellectual students regardless of their social status, for

education is a right of every youth and also a key to achieving their goals.

This vision of UP eventually materialized, seen with the expanding student population with the majority coming from the deprived sector of the society. Yet, with a demand for a bigger space to occupy more students, a plan was made to transfer the campus from Manila to Diliman. As the preparation for the transference of the flagship campus took progress, the Second World War emerged to test the university as well as the Philippines. Even if the war brought destruction to every aspects of life, UPM became one of the firm testaments on how the country remained strong despite the perils of war. Though it became dangerous to deal with the outside world by that time, the students felt a greater urge to pursue their studies. Money was not the main goal instilled in them, for by that time, the economy had been badly affected, and that almost all businesses stopped their

And after almost 5 years of panic and trepidations, the war had subsided. Its aftermaths is disheartening for the country’s whole persona, as well for UP itself. But this trial became a testament of how UPM dwelt with the worst case scenario. It proved that nothing can hinder in helping the students to be responsible citizens. In that time where hope was frail, they were the ones who wanted to show that the country could be rebuilt only if they work as one. The students applied their knowledge to solve some, if not all, problems that are within or maybe even beyond their capacity. Though young they may seem, they had served the community they live with and drew a clearer image of hope to Filipinos. That is how a UP student started to become a solid resemblance of academic excellence, social sensitivity, and a character of strength and willpower. Manila became the second most devastated city in the world after the war. UP Manila, on the other hand, along with its constituent campuses, began its rehabilitation process. During this process, the students became a vital element in rebuilding the university. If the faculty became important to the university’s existence before the war, with the students, on the other hand, relied the continuity of its operations during UP’s restoration. Though it may seem that UPM was not a conducive place for learning, the students must

along with other substantial factors, headed the proclamation of the Martial Law. The government saw a more disciplined Philippines with this action taken; on the contrary, the sense of activism grew higher with the UP students. The Diliman campus was then called the “Diliman Republic”, for it had an autonomous way of governing and did not seek the assistance of the government towards them. Yet, there was a big difference of UPM among its sister campuses. That time, the university’s students were attending evening classes for they were working in the morning. With that case, they cannot hold such rallies unlike the Diliman students who can manage to throw up their anger against the administration. But still, UPM was aware of the constant chaos in the society, only that they were not the ones to initiate such protests for they also considered their own situations. It can be said that this remarkable period in the university became an eye-opener for the Iskolar ng Bayan with regards with the social and national issues concerning not only them but the country as well. The sadistic approach of the government, personified by the joint forces of the military and the constabulary ignited the hearts of many Iskos and Iskas to fight for their ruined countrymen. Their nationalistic mindset was a great leap toward a more free-minded UP student, yet the consequence for some of them was to be an exile on their own land. The things that they fight for were stained

by the indoctrination of the government that these studentsturned-activists were the “enemies of the state”, as to what is still in the people’s minds until today. What the people only do not know is that they are still blind-folded with the aims and the true intentions of those who have dedicated their selves to larger causes.

Over the years and changing times, there has been a flux in the demography of the university, mainly caused by the increased tuition fee in the university that was said to “aim” to improve the quality of education in the whole UP system. Some of the deserving yet financiallydeprived students are unable to pursue their higher education in the university due to the steep increase in tuition—something improper for a state university. Fact is, the ever decreasing share of state universities and colleges (SUCs) in the government’s budget appropriation is a part of a larger schemes— privitization. If pursued, SUCs will eventually fall in the hands of profitdriven corporations. Consequently, the commercialization of what was supposedly a right inherent to every Filipino: education. Tuition and other fees increase is only one of the manifestion of the trend that education in the Philippines has undertaken. In UP Manila for instance, there is the impending accreditation in different institutions for private academic institutions only. By

subsuming to these standards, we are already embarking on realms which repelled and sickened the Iskolars of previous generations: profitability. These occurring situations in the university merely prove that UP is somewhat gradually showcasing the exclusivity of the education system for the elites. Yet as seen in the past, UP was mainly established for students where the majority comes from the neglected class in the society and not from the privileged ones.

Also, due to the high rate of unemployment in the country and the promise of high salary, more Filipinos, even professionals, choose to work abroad. They saw no progress in the economy of the country, which took them to seek their fortune outside the Philippines. This concept gave way to the marketable perspective of the students regarding the courses they are taking. Since they see a “better” life when they go abroad after they have graduated, they would pursue these courses though it is not what they truly wanted. This choice, based on marketability, though opposing the spirit by which UP goes along, is already a palpable reality in the university. These gave way for the university to make the “Return Service Agreement”. In this agreement, the students would be pledging upon

their entrance in UPM. With this agreement, graduates, particularly that of the health science majors, would be entitled to serve at the Philippine General Hospital for a matter of years. And after that, they are free to choose whether to stay in the country or to pursue to go abroad. It is saddening that the students that are the byproducts of the university’s education which advocates the concept of being one of with the masses have to be bound with this shackle of an agreement for them to return what they owe to the people. This may reflect that the university is mellowing down in instilling to its students the values that it has long preserved, and that maybe another era is dawning in the university. With these new cultures, new values are emerging—all shaping and molding a new face of Isko. There may be these big transformations in the students of UP over the years. But what is clear is that the “Iskolar ng Bayan” today must remain critical, having one foot on the ground, monitoring what is going on around him or her, and one foot in the air, visioning and looking at the big picture. Students now and then take the responsibility of their decisions and make future plans based on

outcomes of previous actions. Since UP also determines the sense of independence with its students, it wanted to imply its value and essence to build the students as a whole. If they succeed in achieving this goal, it will serve as a basis for better decision making. These decisions, in time, would play a bigger role in helping our country to achieve progress. This will help decrease, if not stop, the continuing problems in the society. This is what a true Isko has got in mind.

The Faculty: The Pillars

The academe intended to propose a broader approach in teaching which requires the effectiveness of the mentors. The influence and the capabilities of the teaching body depend on their teaching methodologies and viewpoint with the concerns in the society. As they formulate the university’s reputation, their efforts and proficiency became big factors in shaping UP’s fate. Their imagery CONTINUED ON PAGE 17

Freestyle
happens, the fund for education in the country would be increased and PhilHealth would be improved to further cater to the healthrelated needs of many Filipino families. Aquino also called for peace talks with Mindanao. “Kung kapayapaan din ang hangad ninyo, handa po kami sa malawakang tigil-putukan. Mag-usap tayo,” said the President.

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5
the expansion of the PhilHealth coverage, suggesting that Aquino should follow the Universal Health Insurance proposal health practitioners and concerned organizations. In addition, the Faculty Regent noted that there were essential omissions from Aquino’s SONA. According to her, Aquino mentioned nothing about land distribution and that there are still no updates on extrajudicial killing incidents and forced disappearances, the Morong 43, and human rights violations. Taguiwalo also noted that Aquino did not say anything on the Reproductive Health Bill and the Freedom of Information Bill. On the other hand, UP Student Regent Cori Alessa Co said in an interview that Aquino’s SONA proves that he cannot genuinely run the country.

NEWS SONA ...from page 2

ng SONA na hindi niya talaga ‘genuinely’ kaya, o walang siyang political will para i-address ‘yung mga pressing issues ng ating mga mamamayan.”said Co. Co mentioned that Aquino failed to tackle agrarian reforms and the status of laborers in his SONA. As stated by Co, she would have wanted to hear Aquino’s stand on the almost-permanent stay and continuous intervention of the United States of America to the Philippine government. When asked about the PPP, Co said, “Doon sa pagtanggal ng kontrol ng gobyerno o sa mga serbisyo na dapat na ginagampanan niya, o privatization ng ating mga basic social services, makikita natin talaga na tatalikuran na ng gobyerno yung kanyang responsibilidad sa kanyang mamamayan.”

P INT BLANK
U

UP AGENDA: Our Call for Change

Ipaglaban ang UP bilang pamantasan ng bayan!

12-point Agenda. 10,000 pledge signatures.
P Agenda is the 12-point consolidated compilation of demands of the University of the Philippines System. To the new administration of President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III, we present this challenge: fulfill the promises of your campaign and respond to the worsening condition of the youth and education in the country, We demand that the new administration will turn back on the flawed policies of the past administration and hold Arroyo accountable for all injustices committed by her administration for the past 9 years. To the next UP President, reverse all anti-student and antipeople policies in UP and reaffirm UP’s public character as a university of the people: accessible to the people and serves the people.

Disappointment Towards SONA
Expecting that Aquino would give an overview on how his administration would run the country, UP Faculty Regent Dr. Judy Taguiwalo stated that the policy pronouncements Aquino had in his SONA do not really address the change that our country needs. Taguiwalo found the assertions in the address alarming. As said by her, the PPP would essentially mean privatization of the government as a whole. Moreover, the proposed ceasefire and peace talks meant the ‘continuation of military solutions to a political problem.’ Taguiwalo is also concerned with

1 2 3 4

“Pinatunayan lamang niya doon sa ilang mga araw na nakapwesto siya bilang presidente ng Pilipinas at noong pumatak ang araw this, according to human rights activists, because of its incorrect policy of classifying leftist activists as “enemies of the state”.

Allocate higher budget for UP and the rest of the education sector. Increase state spending on education to 6% of the GDP. Realign a significant portion of debt servicing and Malacañang intelligence funds to education services. Rollback the tuition. Scrap the Socialized Tuition and Financial Assistance (STFAP). Forward democratic access to UP. Remove various imposed laboratory and other exorbitant fees including PE fee and deposit fee of freshmen among others. Uphold democratic rights of the students. This incorporates the following: junking of the repressive and illegitimate 2009 Draft Code of Student Conduct; implementation of simple organization recognition process; and removal of all anti-student policies. Establish student councils and campus publications in all schools nationwide and ensure student participation in decision-making and policy-making processes.

Commission on Accreditation). Promote transparency and review existing policies and institutions of education. Sanction corruption cases in education programs and contracts.

8 9

Protect the rights and improve the welfare of the faculty, employees and REPS in UP and the entire education sector. Recognize the important roles of the entire UP community. Protect the rights and improve the welfare of the people settling and operating within the UP land including drivers, vendors and residents.

“The President should issue a blanket order to the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) for all troops not to engage in killings and abduction of activists. Former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo refused to do this but the new president should send a strong message against these killings right at the start of his term of office,” Casiño said. Consequently, this incident also raised the issue of the counterinsurgency program of the AFP. The Arroyo administration had a counterinsurgency program under its belt called the “Oplan Bantay Laya III.” Aquino should immediately suspend

NEWS Activists Killed ...from page 2

“Oplan Bantay Laya III” is a program to eliminate enemies of the state during the Arroyo regime. In 2007, UN’s special rapporteur on extra-judicial killings, Philip Alston, and a Philippine government fact-finding mission stated that under “Oplan Bantay Laya III”, non-combatants are not differentiated among the combatants, thus marking them as targets, as well. “The killings of members of Anakpawis, Bayan Muna and ACT Teachers party lists within the first 10 days of the new Aquino administration is proof that extrajudicial killings which claimed over 1000 lives during the nine years of the Arroyo regime continue.” Faculty Regent Judy Taguiwalo stated. She added, “The Aquino presidency should repudiate Oplan Bantay Furthermore, NUSP and CEGP also demanded for the autonomy and independence of student institutions such as student councils and school papers. They included proposals to give students representation in the decision-making bodies of their campuses and to junk anti-student policies, such as the Campus Journalism Act of 1991 and the Education Act of 1982.

Laya or any similar counter insurgency measures and should prosecute Arroyo and her henchmen involved in the massive human rights violations. Without such strong actions, the list of victims of extrajudicial killings will grow longer.”

10 11

Steadfast Fight For Justice

Condemn militarization on campuses including UP Los Baños, UP Iloilo and UP Mindanao. Repeal various policies that repress UP and other campuses. Justice to all the victims of political repression, enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings committed by the Arroyo administration, including our fellow Iskolars ng Bayan Karen Empeno, Sherlyn Cadapan, James Balao, Jaqueline Gonzales and Maria Elena Serato. Free all political prisoners.

Impunity reigns mainly because of lack of action. The Aquino administration is starting slow, and is described by critics as ‘tame’ about the matter. This incident strung the attention not only of the national activists, but of the student body as well. “Nakalulungkot isipin na ilang araw pa lamang nakaupo si Aquino ay mayroon na namang pinapaslang na mga aktibista. Kung daang tuwid ang sinusulong niya, nararapat lang na maaga pa lamang ay nagpapahayag na siya ng mahigpit na pagkukundena sa mga pagpatay. Hindi sagot ang pagkikibit-balikat lang niya. Patunayan niyang sa kanyang pamamalakad ay aandar ang hustisya dito sa bansa. Panagutin ang mga berdugo at bigyan hustisya ang mga aktibista!“ Mary Rose Toledo, AnakbayanUPM Chairperson, said in an interview.

5 6 7

Recuperate students’ services and welfare. These include P.E. facilities, dormitories, food service and health service, among others. Uphold the Philippine General Hospital (PGH) as a public hospital accessible to all. Counter privatization of health services in the Philippines. Increase budget to health. Reverse Arroyo administration’s push to privatize educational institutions. Oppose commercial use of UP and other public lands. Oppose procurement of accreditation from private accrediting bodies such as PAASCU (Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities) and PACUCOA (Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities

12

Promote a nationalist, scientific and massoriented education. Promote a nationalist curriculum. Improve science, research and technology development that will serve the interest of the country.
*12 Point UP Agenda was prepared by the Office of the Student Regent and KASAMA sa UP, the broadest alliance of student councils in the whole UP system based on the UP System-wide demands.

Walkout ...from page 3

DO NOT FORGET MAGUINDANAO 11/23/09

The Manila Collegian calls upon you to drive straight to the center of the issue, mark your aim, and deliver the blow at point blank range.

16 • 13 AUGUST 2010 •

FRIDAY

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5
reflects that of the institution, whether good or bad. The challenge of UP’s credibility, then, was up to them to fulfill.

Freestyle
ang problemang ito at hindi pa rin napipigilan ang pagpapahirap sa milyun-milyong Pilipino. Marami pa rin ang may sakit, walang makain, at walang matirhan. Hindi natugunan ng maliit na porsiyentong ito ang tumitinding krisis pangkalusugan.

CULT Excellence in Evolution... from page 15

One of the first demonstrations led by the faculty of UPM as one with the students in 1977 was in front of US Embassy. This attests that professors in the university were the source of social consciousness for the students. Jessica Sales was a Social Sciences graduate and later became a member of the faculty. She became one of those courageous who lived by the dictum that activism is a life-long learning, and who went out and did what needed be. However, her valor was she was forcedly disappeared and missing up to now. Generally, the students of UPM at Martial Law period used to work at daytime and studied at night. Therefore, the strength of activism in UPM was demonstrated in limited ways but significant ways. Examples of which are Dr. Bobby dela Paz and Dr. Johnny Escandor, professors from the health science colleges, who sought to cure not only the illness of their countrymen but also of their country; they fought the Marcos dictatorship fearlessly headon. With this actions and beliefs of the two doctors, the government recognized them as rebels and worse, as the “enemies if the states”, too. They were brutally killed by the military, and in the least of their contentment, their bodies treated inhumanely.

The professors had served a great contribution for the UP community over the years. They handle a big duty to mold their students’ character. They are one of the main pillars of a sound and progressive society. They bear the weight and responsibility of teaching. Being the heritage of knowledge and values for students now and then, they influenced them to be a better and aware people of a society. UPM will not limit the students to explore the world around them. Hence, it encourages them to see the world in a wider perspective. During the Martial Law, the UP administrators tried to sustain the university’s educational priorities and institutional autonomy which led to the unwavering force of activism. Professors of the university basically contributed on the heightening of the force of activism. But with this aspect, it expects that there would be a good outcome with the students. The university, as a whole, expects that they would learn from that exploration.

NEWS Iskotistics ...from page 3

Problema sa Edukasyon

Sa kabilang dako, ang kalunoslunos na kalagayan ng edukasyon sa Pilipinas ay hindi pa rin nabago sa kabila ng 359 na naipasang batas na na siyang may pinakamaraming bilang. Hindi napigil ng napakaraming batas na ito ang pagtaas ng matrikula, paglawak ng komersiyalisasyon, at pagbaba ng literacy rate ng bansa. Isa lang sa mga nakaranas ng pagtaas ng matrikula at pagkakaroon ng komersiyalisasyon ay ang Unibersidad ng Pilipinas na nagtaas ng 300 porsiyento tatlong taon na ang nakararaan dahil sa mababang budyet na ibinibigay ng gobyerno. Maging ang ibang unibersidad ay unti-unti na ring nagtataas ng matrikula kaya marami na ang humihinto sa pag-aaral. Marami sana ang nakakatapos sa kani-kaniyang larangan ngunit hindi na muling nabibigyan ng pagkakataon na makapag-aral. Dahil sa kawalan ng suporta ng gobyerno, marami na sa mga kabataan ngayon ang kulang sa kaalaman at hindi nakakapasok sa paaralan. Makikita natin sa ating paligid ang napakaraming batang palaboy. Ito ang nagiging sanhi ng patuloy na pagbaba literacy rate ng Pilipinas. Ibigay na lang siya sa pangangalaga ng DSWD. -Isabella Vincent, BA BS

Usaping Pangkalusugan

Yung iba naman sa kanila pumasok lang sa politics because malapit na mag-fade ang showbiz stardom nila. Sana nga lang magawa nila ng maayos ang trabaho nila. And, GMA, congresswoman? Mi gahd! Wala ba tayong natutunan nung naging presidente siya? -Isabella Vincent, BA BS

NEWS Itanong...from page 7

The professors would play a vital part of that journey. But one thing is for sure - that along with the students, they are the once accountable of sustaining the tradition of honor and excellence in the university, more so, they also imply their student’s awareness and sensitivity in their society.

Kung naging kalunos-lunos na ang kalagayan sa edukasyon ay mas naging matindi pa ang sa kalusugan dahil sa kapabayaan ng gobyerno. Kapansin-pansin ang napakaliit na bahagdan ng batas sa kalusugan. Ito marahil ang dahilan ng kahindik-hindik na kalagayan pagdating sa pangangailangang medikal dahil sa kapabayaan ng gobyerno. Hanggang ngayon, marami pa rin sa mga kababayan nating Pilipino ang nagugutom, nakakaranas ng malnutrisyon, at hindi makabili ng gamot. Patuloy na bumababa ang kalidad ng iba’t ibang pampublikong ospital, at nababawasan ang mga medikal na propesyonal. Ayon sa Council for Health and Development (CHD), isang non-government health organization, libo-libong doktor, nars, kumadrona, at iba pang medical na propesyonal ang umaalis ng bansa taun-taon dahil sa mababang sahod. Sa Philippine General Hospital (PGH) na lamang, 500 na mga nars ang umaalis kada taon upang mangibang-bansa. Sa katunayan, ang Pilipinas ang tinaguriang “Biggest exporter of nurses in the world.” Napipinto rin ang pagsasapribado ng naturang ospital. Sa kasalukuyan, hindi pa rin natitigil batas. Pero sana wag namang mahaggard yung bata, masyado na siyang nagiging showbiz. – Tambay sa Lobby Syempre kay Kris dapat sumama si Baby James. – YOU Papansin talaga yang si Kris. - 2009-01333, CAS Kay Kris, syempre. – Kahit Ano

Sa madaling sabi, hindi maipagmamalaki ng nagdaang administrasyon ang dami ng bilang ng mga naipasang panukalang batas ng ika-14 na Kongreso dahil hindi pa rin nito nabigayangsagot ang bawat problema ng marami nating kababayan. Hindi pa rin tuluyang natugunan ang bawat hinaing at kakulangan sa pangangailangan lalong lalo na sa usapin ng karapatang pantao, edukasyon, at kalusugan. Hindi naging sapat na katibayan ang dami o bilang para pigilin ang lumalalang krisis ng bansa. Walang halaga ang bawat batas kung ang layon at tugon nito ay nakakulong lamang sa papel at hindi naiimplementa nang maayos. Ang tunay mahalaga pa rin ay ang aksyon na siyang kulang na kulang. Wala tayong maaasahan sa gobyerno kung patuloy tayong maghihintay. Nararapat lamang na magsimula tayong kumilos upang ipaglaban ang mga karapatan na hindi naman natin natatamasa at bigyang-diin ang bawat kakulangan na hindi naman natutugunan. ready kasi pagdating sa parenting. -- 2008-88007, BS Pharmacy If I am baby James, I would go with Kris. She appears to be the more responsible parent. -200952666 I’d leave both of them and stay with Pres. Noynoy. Mas masaya doon at mas maramu akong pwedeng gulatin :) -2009-52908 Kay mommy Kris syempre...para “win na win” parin ako -2nd year BSPH student

like guilty convicts trying to stop a search! -2009-52908 Hanga ako kay CongPac at sa kanyang staff dahil masipag silang magtrabaho sa kongreso, at impressive ang English nya! at nakakapangkulo ng dugo ang pagupo ni Mikey Arroyo, na isang napakalaking pangbabalahura sa partylist system. - geekbox, 0911676, CAS

In my opinion, i think that the congress has a plan against our President because almost all of the members in the congress are [allies] of former President Arroyo. Even though Arroyo is not anymore our president, but still they can start a “rage” against the administration which will eventually put down Pres. Aquino and will be replaced by someone under Arroyo. [It’s] Scary, but let’s hope it does not happen. -2nd year ComSci student

I’m quite impressed sa iba sa kanila. Pero iilan lang silang talagang sa tingin ko, deserve ang posisyon nila. Yung iba, nakakainis e. - Corn Cobb, 09-*****, CAS

Kay Boy Abunda. Siya na lang kasi ang naisip ko eh. Si Kris selfish. Si James mukhang ewan. At least di ba kay Boy laging may titingin s bata (weh? di nga?) Ahihihi. Okay na din yun kaysa mapunta sa DSWD. –Code.geek(); Kay Noynoy. Para may pusongbata sa Malacanang. –Hapontukin Ayon sa batas, ang mga sanggol na 7 gulang pababa ay dapat nasa pangangalaga ng ina. –Angelo Rosal, BS CS kung tutuusin, parehong busy ang mga magulang ni Baby James - artista ang ina at basketbolista nman ang ama. pero sa tingin ko nman ay mas mpagtutuunan ni Kris ang pngangailngan ni Baby James kaysa kai Big James. mukhang siya ang mas responsable sa knilang dlawa. :P bNTxngKO, CAS, 09-10295

Kanino dapat sumama si Baby James?

I believe Edcel Lagman is just being a plain “douchebag” in congress. not only did he become the leader of the minority(aka the GMA posse), he also had to announce that they will stop the formation of the Truth Commission. why would they want to stop it? Because it’s a waste of time? come on, don’t trample on the people’s hope. There is some sense in this thing [Truth commission] don’t make yourselves look

I think kay James Yap. Kawawa naman si Baby James if he will grow up in a family who is and will be facing controversies for basically the rest of their lives. –smiley Sa ngayon, kay Kris muna. Iba pag sa ina lumaki. Feeling ko, iba yung ‘love’ of a mother. Kahit ganun ka---Kakaiba si Kris. haha :)) –MahiyaingBiba, BS PH, 09-***67

I firmly believe na dapat kay papa james. haha. magulo kase yung buhay ni kris lalo na she is the sister of the president! bata pa si baby james hindi suitable para sa kanya yung magulong environment.- Ina Nacario, 1st Year- B.A. Political Science kay villar, haha. –UPM A kay kris. sa tingin niyo ba kayang buhayin ni james si baby james? –achieve na achieve!

Kay James Yap na lang. Masyadong ‘showbiz’ si Kris eh... –Anonymous K-pop lover

Papansin talaga yan si Kris. Naku, mag-jack en poy na lang sila, kung cno matalo syang unggoy. O kaya kay Villar na lng. -2009-01333, CAS Kay Kris na lang, yun ang sabi ng

Kay James. Para sa basketball mahilig ang bata. Enough of Aquinos in the limelight, please. Hehe. --Beach. Sa mother. Feeling ko hindi nurturing yung tatay. He’s not yet

Para sa akin, kay James Yap na lang si Baby James para matutong magbasketbol. Malay nyo maging national player pa yan at makapasok sa NBA. Tsaka para hindi na rin siya mabiktima ng mga mapanirang tao mula sa itago na lamang natin sa katagang “showbiz tsismisan”. -boyngits 09 - 15266 CAS Sumama na sya kay Daddy James para hindi maging machine gun ang bunganga! at matuto na maging matinik sa chicks! hahaha -geekbox, 09-11676, CAS

Si Baby James? Kay James. :)) -Cleve Arguelles, 2008-00596, CAS

Kay Papa James. Pareho silang ‘James’ eh. Hehehehe -Corn Cobb, 09-*****, CAS

FRIDAY

• 13 AUGUST 2010 •

17

Freestyle
personality only waiting for you to come near.

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5
at a young age never having the chance to experience what is it like to learn, to play, and to live carefree. They are bounded by the depriving walls they did not build, forcing such as hospitals and roads and given the power to impose to the people user fees like tolls, among others. For one, PPP gives these investors the right to manipulate the people for their own advantage such as the impending 233% increase of toll fees in the South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) and 345% increase of water bills in Metro manila due to the 1997 MWSS Privatization.
This so called partnership provides the perennially bankrupt Philippines the means of solving infrastructure problems in immediacy; but endangers us to the possibility of passing to the people the foreign debt that made these projects possible. Ergo, Aquino’s statement of saying that we will not spend even a single cent on the PPP is actually an illusion of that is too futile and too distant to be real.

CULT Reality and Monstrosity ...from page 12

FEATS Tipping off the Scale ...from page 10

“Pwede na muling mangarap. Tayo nang tumungo sa katuparan ng ating mga pinangarap.”

Tiyanak: The Shape Shifter

ccording to the United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) adopted in 1948 and the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines, every individual has the right to education. Education provides a means through which all people can become aware of their rights and responsibilities, which is an essential tool for achieving the goals of equality and peace. However, despite the fact that it is a right, not everyone has the means to exercise it.

A

t h e m to go beyond their capacity. Whereas a Tiyanak is stuck in the form of a defenseless baby, a child deprived of education is stuck with its seemingly vulnerable form when in truth they had already experienced much more than they can handle.

There is also the angle that Aquino has adopted the same economic idea of GMA. Such fact is ironic for he is promoting PPP that was done by his predecessor, that one he is condemning for leading a regime that lurked on the “baluktot na daan”. It only reflects that by recycling an old and ineffective policy and promoting privatization as solutions to the country’s predicaments, the Aquino administration lacks the capacity to come up with new policies that promote the interests of the masses- the true investors of the republic. Thus, it shows that this incapability will result for the new administration’s tendency of not being able to eradicate the old pro-business, pro-market policies of other administrations, including his predecessor’s.

What is missing in Aquino’s SONA is how to address what the society is lacking–concrete, visible and transparent measures by which the nation’s problems are to be solved. Mere inspiration is insufficient to relieve the society of its setbacks and troubles. Aquino’s action-empty platforms of anticorruption and the application of moral principles to the notorious nature of Philippine politics are the contents of the spoon he keeps feeding to the people during his SONA. Everything about the past administration is highlighted in blood while everything that is about to emerge from his rule, even if they are shapeless blobs, are yellow and sunny. If the picture of extremely bad governance is the past administration, and if Aquino’s government falls short of this description, then his administration may automatically be considered an image of good governance. Though Aquino exposed the corruption acts in the previous regime, no part in his SONA explicitly tells of jailing GMA for these acts. Also, he failed to say anything about tackling the dilemmas providing basic social services, human rights and other socially significant topics. The obvious absence of the issues concerning Hacienda Luisita, the farmers’ situation and even education is downright inexcusable. A lot of burning hot topics regarding his presidency and even candidacy remain as haunting questions atop people’s heads as they are unspoken of since he assumed the position. A large portion of his SONA

was devoted to finger-pointing. He diverted the focus of the SONA from his plans for the future and the discussion of important issues, to the wrongdoings of the administration of the Philippines’ most unpopular president. Aquino was not only playing safe. Not only are his economic policies largely similar to Arroyo’s, but his methods are the same as well. The occurrence of extrajudicial killings early in his administration is deeply and hauntingly familiar.

The Filipinos are caught in a tide of euphoria because of the end of a repressive tyrant’s regime. Blinded by the prospect of a total overhaul of the present system, the people trust the new president to be their hero. Yet, this will act as a hindrance to the formation of genuine change in society. Blind faith can ravage a society and trick it into thinking that all is well when it is not. As this is the case, people may overlook the future mistakes and setbacks of his administration. What this society needs now more than ever is a vigilant and critical eye to everything that is happening and about to happen. The idea is to be critical yet open. The current government claims to be the purveyor of change. But as the disappointing SONA make it seem to be, it may just be a shameless copy of the past regime, subtle in externality but true to form.

We are witness to the increasing exclusivity of education to those who are rich and privileged. With the obtrusive nature of poverty in our society, most parents would prefer to have their children scout for coins instead from passerby than have them go to school.

A child denied of his/her rights to education is like a blood-sucking vampire disguised as a newborn baby. It is supposedly a baby that was aborted or died before receiving baptism rights. After death, evil spirits use the infant bodies to kill, eating the inner organs and drinking the victim’s blood. This vampire masquerading as a baby is called a Tiyanak (Demon child) or impakto. From slashing victims, the Tiyanak also delights in leading travelers astray or in kidnapping children. The Tiyanak is also said to come to life to take revenge on its mother. Like the Tiyanak disguised as a baby, these children take on bigger roles becoming someone else in the process. The drive to change their lifestyle and help their parents changes them for better or for worse. They are forced to work

We can no longer allow the deprivation of the rights of children to education. We must act to somehow turn back the privilege of education to the right of every Filipino. Traditionally, people create mythology to explain the world around them. Before the existence of science, myths and legends served as the ‘truth’. These tales make up a significant slice of the Filipino culture, colored by events, issues and periods throughout the Philippine history. However, the existence of science did not erase all traces of these monsters known only in mythological stories. They exist as people that we see and know. Unexplained and unaccounted atrocities that we encounter in our society need not be blamed to mythological creatures as they manage to exist among us. We know better than to believe that something else caused a crime when we can see the truth with our eyes. Those who are creating fear and terror are no longer those who only appear at night. They are everywhere: in the alleys, in institutions and in the government. And so it is crucial for us to take action and end this night of monstrous reality. We need to stand up and fight them head on. We need to reveal who they really are before they manage to consume us. “…It’s close to midnight and something evil’s lurking in the dark.”

To Inspire is to Hide Empty Promises

18 • 13 AUGUST 2010 •

FRIDAY

U N
PM

ga Freshies: Fresh Pa Nga Ba? N N G
I eIl AbAYeRoN

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

Opinion

NARNIAN
Marion Carla Quinto Biolena

Confessions of a GC
You don’t exactly have to be KJ to be GC; you only have to take life a little more serious. Besides, I think that though we need to enjoy life while we are young, we also need to be responsible of our present actions; therefore we need to strive for balance. Though I say that I am grade-conscious, I am not being too hard on myself.

I

spend most of my time in the library, I obediently read our assigned readings, I come to class everyday unless I have good reasons not to come, I take down notes during class, I pass my papers on time, and I study hard for an exam. As you can see, it is obvious that I am one of those GC or grade-conscious students you would see walking around with readings on one hand and a highlighter on the other. But the story of my life has not always been with GCness. Once upon a time when I was in first year, I thought, “Ok na sakin ang pumasa lang, nasa UP naman ako. “ But two semesters passed and I discovered that it doesn’t feel good to receive only satisfactory grades. After all, I am not the kind of person who would settle for “pwede na”. I figured that moping around and ranting about my low grades would not make me feel much better. So I thought, why not aim for high grades? Surely, if I would have faith and work hard to get the things that I want, I could rule the world. From there, I began to be more serious in studying and upon receiving my hardearned grades, I felt much better. But it wasn’t exactly the grades that made me feel better; I think it was the feeling of getting what I have worked for that made me feel good.

“...IT WASN’T EXACTLY THE GRADES THAT MADE ME FEEL BETTER; I THINK IT WAS THE FEELING OF GETTING WHAT I HAVE WORKED FOR THAT MADE ME FEEL GOOD”
I do spend most of my time in the library but sometimes I find myself taking a nap there. Sometimes I daydream during class, sometimes I don’t exactly read my readings but only color it with highlighters, and I do have a lot of moments of talking and having fun with my friends. But there are also times that I have no choice but to be really mean to myself just to finish what I have to, there are times that I have to resist sleep to finish my papers and there are times that I force myself to get up in the morning so that I would not miss my class. Well, that’s life. We should not take the things in the present for granted; we have no idea what we are missing. “Don’t judge a book by its cover.” That is about as old a cliché could ever get, yet most of us would often go against its wisdom. I know that I am running the risk of being branded as a GC for life upon writing this. But it really doesn’t matter much to me, as long as I know that I am doing my best and am happy about its results.

CHATTERBOX
Criselli Lagonoy Endaya

Sometimes when we say “ang GC mo naman!,” what we really meant to say is, “aral ka na lang ng aral” or “ ang KJ naman nito”. We so often hear the term GC to mean negative things, that we forget the essence of the term and start to have negative connotations for it. As for me, there is nothing wrong with being grade-conscious as long as you are not being destructive to other people just to get high grades. Besides, aren’t we all supposed to be grade-conscious because we are students and we are studying? We have to face it, our grades could not measure how much we have learned in class, but only grades can quantify our performance in class. And the grades that we earned could be very useful in the future

Sana

N

agising ako ng sobrang aga sa tunog ng alarm clock noong Hulyo 26. Wala nga pala si Mama kaya ako ang mag-aasikaso sa mga kapatid ko na papasok ng alas-syete. Habang nagluluto ng agahan namin ay naalala kong may pagsusulit nga rin pala ako sa klase ko mamayang alas-diyes. Lalo pa akong nabanas dahil baka tapos ng iwasto ni sir ang dep ex namin sa Chem 27 at ibalik ang resulta mamaya. Tapos naalala kong mamayang hapon din pala ang unang State of the Nation Address (SoNA) ni Noynoy. Malalaman na nga ba ng mga Pilipino kung matutugunan ng Presidenteng ipinalit natin kay Gloria Arroyo ang mga hamong ibinabato sa kanyang administrasyon. Noong isang araw nabalitaan ko na idineklara ni Noynoy na working holiday ang araw ng una niyang SoNA. Naisip ko tuloy kung natatakot ba siya sa magiging reaksyon ng masang Pilipino o kung ayaw niyang mahadlangan ng SoNA ang trabaho at pag-aaral ng nakararami. Pagpatak ng alas dos ng hapon, ako at ang mga kasamahan ko sa The Manila Collegian (MKule) ay tumungo sa ginaganap na malawakang SoNA rally sa may Commonwealth. Marami kaagad akong napansing kaibahan nito mula sa rally noong huling SoNA ni Gloria. Hindi gaanong siksikan ang mga tao na nakilahok. Hindi ganoon katindi ang damdaming nangingibabaw sa paligid. Mas konti ang mga tao malapit sa stage kaysa sa mga taong paikot-ikot at naghahanap ng makakain o mga kakilala. Marami ang payapang naghihintay, kaunti ang aksyon at parang walang inaabangan ang mga tao sa pagsisimula ni Noynoy ng kanyang SoNA. Manunulat ako para sa MKule pero hindi ko tinapos ang speech ni Noynoy dahil mas pinili kong samahan ang isang kasamahan pauwi. Ang nakakatawa ay sa pagsakay namin ng bus ay mukha ni Noynoy sa telebisyon ang tumambad sa amin. Tila lahat ng tao ay nakasubaybay sa bawat sinasabi niya. Hindi tumatak sa isip ko ang mga panunuya niya sa nakaraang administrasyon, sa mga pangako niyang pag-unlad o maging sa panawagan niyang magkaisa para magkaroon ng pagbabago. Buo na ang

opinyon ko tungkol kay Noynoy at hindi iyon nagbago kahit marinig ko man ang SoNA niya o hindi.

AYAW KONG MASANAY SA KULAY DILAW NA SIMBOLISMO NG PAGBABAGONG PINAPANGARAP NI NOYNOY...
Ang totoo, hindi naman talaga si Noynoy ang dahilan kung bakit nawalan ako ng gana sa naganap na rally o sa makasaysayang pagtatagumpay ng SoNA ng bagong pangulo. Nakakasawa na lang talaga ang umasa na matutupad ang mga mabubulaklak na pangako ng mga pangulo na sa huli ay pipiliin din ang baluktot na daan. Lalong nakakabanas isipin na isang Aquino na naman ang uupo sa tuktok ng kapangyarihan. Ayaw kong masanay sa kulay dilaw na simbolismo ng pagbabagong pinapangarap ni Noynoy. Sana sa halip na maupo at magpakasarap sa kapangyarihan si Noynoy Aquino ay pagtuunan niya ng pansin ang tunay na mahahalagang isyu ng bansa. Sana imbes na mangako siya sa salita ay patunayan niya sa pamamagitan ng pagkilos at pagtatalaga ng tunay na karapat-dapat na gabinete upang tulungan siya na maisakatuparan ang mga binigkas niyang kataga noong SoNA. Sana sa halip na magsilbi siyang pag-asa na pilit pinanghahawakan ng mga Pilipinong lubog pa rin sa kahirapan ay maging sagisag siya ng isang hinaharap na malaking kabalintunaan ng ating pinagdaanang nakaraan. FRIDAY

• 13 AUGUST 2010 •

19

Editorial

Volume 24, Numbers 4-5

THE M ANIL A COLLEGIAN
Magna est veritas et prevaelebit
ALLANA RUTH GARCIA DELA PEÑA Editor-in-Chief ANGELO LUNA MURILLO Associate Editor for Internal Affairs; News Editor; Features Editor MARIE KRISTEL ANTONIO GABAWA Associate Editor for External Affairs; Culture Editor JOANNA MARIE ICASAS UDARBE Managing Editor MARION CARLA QUINTO BIOLENA Art Director

By Ehcel Hurna

Pagtanaw at Paghamon

OFFICE AND CIRCULATIONS MANAGER JILLIANE MARAI FUERTE LAGUS

S

a nalalapit na pagtatapos ng kanyang termino, ang sentenaryo at kauna-unahang babaeng pangulo ng Unibersidad ng Pilipinas ay haharap sa mabangis na paghuhusga ng kasaysayan. Kasabay nito ang pagkilala sa hahalili na siyang papasan sa mga napabayaa’t nagsusumigaw na mga hinaing sa loob at labas ng unibersidad.
Ang naging termino ni Emerlinda Roman ay isang napaka-epektibong batayan upang masiyasat ng buong unibersidad kung anu-ano ba ang mga katangiang hindi dapat taglayin ng susunod na uupo bilang pangulo. Hindi maikakaila na ang naging panunungkulan ni Roman ay sumasalamin sa mga hindi mabilang na panggagahasa at pagkitil sa mahahalagang prinsipyong dapat sana ay unang isinasabuhay ng pambansang unibersidad. Ang pagtanaw sa nagdaang termino ay pag-alala sa hindi makatarungang pagpataw ng 300% na pagtaas ng matrikula – isang desisyong walang dangal na ipinasa sa kabila ng dakilang layon ng unibersidad na mabigyan ng kalidad na edukasyon ang pinakamahihirap at pinakakarapat-dapat na mga estudyante. ng Philippine General Hospital para maisakatuparan ang mga madilim na balakin ng administrasyon. ng UP, mahalagang maisa-alangalang sa pagpili ng bagong pangulo ang mga tunay at kagyat na mga tugon upang maisalba ang unibersidad sa makasaysayang kabuktutan na pinairal ni Roman sa kanyang termino.

NEWS CORRESPONDENTS YODHIM GUDEL GEPTY DELA ROSA DEONAH ABIGAIL LUGO MIOLE FEATURES CORRESPONDENT JEO ANGELO CHICO ELAMPARO

CULTURE CORRESPONDENT CRISELLI LAGONOY ENDAYA

Ang pagtanaw sa nagdaang termino ay pag-alala sa maraming kahindik-hindik na pamamalakad ng Board of Regents sa ilalim ni Roman. Kabilang sa mga ito ang pagpasok ng unibersidad sa mga mapanlinlang na kasunduan kasama ng mga naglalakihan at pribadong korporasyon, ang pagsasawalang-bahala sa serbisyo ng mga manggagawa gamit ang laganap na subkontraktuwalisasyon ng serbisyo, at iba pang kakulangan sa pagpapatupad ng mga polisiyang tunay sanang tutugon sa krisis ng edukasyon. Ang pagtatwa ni Roman sa makamasa, demokratiko, at radikal na tradisyon ng unibersidad ay isang malinaw na indikasyon ng kaniyang kawalang-galang at pang-uuyam sa mismong institusyong naghirang sa kanya sa pwesto. Ngayong papalapit na ang pagpapalit-pwesto sa pagkapangulo

20 • 13 AUGUST 2010 •

Ang pagtanaw sa nagdaang termino ay pag-alala sa mga kwestiyonableng pagtanggal sa ilang mga kinatawan ng konstityuwensya sa UP tulad ng rehente ng mga estudyante at ng direktor

Ngayon pa lang, hinahamon na ng The Manila Collegian ang susunod sa pwesto na puksain ang mga bakas ng di-demokratiko, militarisado, at komersiyalisadong pamamaraan ng nagdaang administrasyon. Nararapat lamang na salingin ang landas na tinahak ng admistrasyong bulok upang maisalba ang edukasyong tunay na para sa tao at sa sambayanan. Hinihingi ng panahon ang kagyat na pagtugon sa bumababang badyet ng edukasyon at karampatang aksyon na hindi nakakasikil sa batayang karapatan na makapag-aral. Tinatawag ng mga Iskolar ng Bayan ang taong tutugon sa mga ito sa katauhan ng magiging bagong Pangulo ng Pamantasan. At nasa atin, bilang mga Iskolar, nakaatang ang pagkilatis at paggiit para taong gaganap nito.

ILLUSTRATOR EHCEL SAÑGA HURNA MAY ANGELIQUE JUSI MAGBOO

LAYOUT ARTIST VAN DENN DOMINGO CRUZ

WEBSITE http://www.themanilacollegian.net http://www.themanilacollegian.multiply.com http://www.facebook.com/themanilacollegian http://www.twitter.com/mkule

OFFICE 4th Floor Student Center Building, University of the Philippines Manila, Padre Faura cor. Ma. Orosa sts., Ermita, Manila

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