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# ADVANCED PLACEMENT PHYSICS B EQUATIONS FOR 2010 and 2011

## NEWTONIAN MECHANICS ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

u ! u0 " at a = acceleration 1 q1q2 A = area
F !
F = force 4 p!0 r 2 B = magnetic field
1 2 f = frequency C = capacitance
x ! x0 " u0 t " at F
2 h = height E! d = distance
q
J = impulse E = electric field
u 2 ! u0 2 " 2a # x % x0 \$
K = kinetic energy 1 q1q2 e = emf
UE ! qV !
& F ! Fnet ! ma k = spring constant 4 p!0 r F = force
! = length V I = current
F fric ' m N m = mass Eavg ! % ! = length
d
N = normal force P = power
1 q
ac !
u2 P = power V !
4 p!0 & rii Q = charge
r p = momentum i q = point charge
t ! r F sin q r = radius or distance Q R = resistance
C !
T = period V r = distance
p ! mv t = time t = time
!0 A
U = potential energy C ! U = potential (stored) energy
J ! FDt ! Dp d
u = velocity or speed V = electric potential or
1 1
1 2 W = work done on a system Uc ! QV ! CV 2 potential difference
K ! mu 2 2
2 x = position u = velocity or speed
m = coefficient of friction DQ r = resistivity
DUg ! mgh I avg !
q = angle Dt q = angle
W ! F Dr cos q t = torque r! fm = magnetic flux
R!
A
W V ! IR
Pavg !
Dt
P ! IV
P ! F u cos q Cp ! & Ci
i
Fs ! % k x
1 1
!&
1 Cs i Ci
U s ! kx 2
2
Rs ! & Ri
i
m
Ts ! 2 p
k 1 1
Rp
! &R
i i
!
Tp ! 2p
g FB ! qu B sin q
1 FB ! BI ! sin q
T !
f
m0 I
B !
Gm1m2 2p r
FG ! %
r2 fm ! BA cos q

Gm1m2 Dfm
UG ! % eavg !%
r Dt
e! B!u

ADVANCED PLACEMENT PHYSICS B EQUATIONS FOR 2010 and 2011

## FLUID MECHANICS AND THERMAL PHYSICS WAVES AND OPTICS

r!mV A = area u ! fl d = separation
e = efficiency f = frequency or
c
P ! P0 " r gh F = force n! focal length
u
h = depth h = height
Fbuoy ! rVg H = rate of heat transfer n 1 sin q1 ! n 2 sin q2 L = distance
k = thermal conductivity n2 M = magnification
A1u1 ! A2 u2 sin qc ! m = an integer
Kavg = average molecular n1
kinetic energy n = index of
1 2 1 1 1
P " r gy " ru ! const. ! = length " ! refraction
2 si s0 f
L = thickness R = radius of
D ! ! a ! 0 DT m = mass curvature
h s
M = molar mass M ! i !% i s = distance
h0 s0 u = speed
kA DT n = number of moles
H ! x = position
L N = number of molecules R
f ! l = wavelength
P = pressure 2
F q = angle
P! Q = heat transferred to a d sin q ! ml
A system
m lL
PV ! nRT ! Nk BT T = temperature xm (
d
U = internal energy
3 V = volume GEOMETRY AND TRIGONOMETRY
K avg ! k T
2 B u = velocity or speed
Rectangle A= area
3 RT 3k B T urms = root-mean-square
urms ! ! A ! bh C= circumference
M m velocity Triangle V= volume
W = work done on a system 1
W ! % PDV A ! bh S = surface area
y = height 2 b = base
DU ! Q " W a = coefficient of linear Circle
expansion h = height
m = mass of molecule A ! pr2 != length
W C ! 2p r w= width
e!
QH r = density Parallelepiped r = radius
V ! ! wh
TH % TC Cylinder
ec !
TH V ! p r 2!
S ! 2p r ! " 2p r 2
Sphere
4
ATOMIC AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS V ! pr3
3
E ! hf ! pc E= energy S ! 4p r 2
f = frequency
K max ! hf % f K= kinetic energy Right Triangle
h m= mass a 2 " b2 ! c 2
l ! p = momentum
p a
l= wavelength sin q ! c
c a
2 f= work function
DE ! ( Dm) c b q 90!
cos q !
c b
a
tan q !
b