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**0 Modellus: the concept and uses
**

Write a mathematical model... and then visualise and explore it!

1

Modellus 4, A Visual Introduction for Teachers

Write a model, using functions, differential equations or iterations...

Make an animation using the model...

Visualize one or more quantities on a graph and, or, on a table

http://modellus.fct.unl.pt

**1 A first look of the interface
**

Learn how things are labelled and what they do

2

Ribbon The ribbon changes, clicking on different objects Model Window Graph Window Table Window

Modellus 4, A Visual Introduction for Teachers

Workspace Start / Pause Step Backward / Step Forward

Hide / Show Case Boxes Minimize All Windows Hide / Show Ribbon

Notes Window

Independent Variable

Replay Reset

http://modellus.fct.unl.pt

**2 See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion)
**

What you will get on this example that illustrates how to make a model of a projectile motion... (click on the image to see the movie)

3

Modellus 4, A Visual Introduction for Teachers

pt 2a See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion) Write the model on the Mathematical Model Window.. on the Mathematical Model Window and on the Notes Window .http://modellus. 4 Modellus 4. A Visual Introduction for Teachers Use either the * key or the SPACE BAR to get the multiplication sign To make an exponent. Ctrl Z). Ctrl X.. Ctrl V. Paste and Undo are the usual ones (Ctrl C.unl. Cut. either click on the exponent icon or press ^ Keys Backspace and Delete can be used to correct mistakes Shortcuts for Copy.fct.

unl.fct..pt 2b See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion) Create a particle to see the motion of the projectile. A Visual Introduction for Teachers To create an object on the workspace.http://modellus.. use the Right Button or Click on an object on the Ribbon . 5 Modellus 4.

fct. Use the Horizontal and Vertical variable boxes to select x and y as coordinates for the particle ...http://modellus. select its coordinates... A Visual Introduction for Teachers Click on the Particle to see its properties.pt 2c See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion) Once the particle is created. 6 Modellus 4.unl.

.pt 2d See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion) Run the model.fct..unl. ... A Visual Introduction for Teachers Run the Model.. The Run button is also the Pause button. 7 Modellus 4.... The current value of the independent variable is shown as a small ball alongside an horizontal line...http://modellus.. The current value of the independent variable is also shown as a number.. as well as the Minimum and Maximum values..

.. using the Reset button Modellus 4.http://modellus. A Visual Introduction for Teachers . but can be changed! 8 The Independent variable has the following default values: Labeled as t Minimum of 0 Maximum of 50 Step of 0.pt 2e See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion) The Maximum value of the independent variable t is too big. if necessary. Maximum is 10 units Don’t forget to reset the Model.unl. 10] for t: Minimum value is 0.1 All of these values can be changed on the Independent Variable Ribbon Define a domain [0.fct.

A Visual Introduction for Teachers Run the model again..... 9 Modellus 4. .http://modellus.unl. 10] for t. to check if the domain is correct With a domain [0..pt 2f See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion) Play it again. the projectile fly until the same height of the launching point..fct.

pt 2g See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion) Place a Pen on the Workspace to make a graph of the vertical coordinate y. just select or unselect the Points check-box .http://modellus.fct. use the right button or click on the icon on the Workspace Ribbon Select the properties for the Pen on the Ribbon The Horizontal scale was changed to 1 unit = 10 pixels because the default value (1 unit = 1 pixel) was too small.unl.... A Visual Introduction for Teachers To place a Pen. The Pen can draw points or lines.. 10 Modellus 4.

but these are two completely different parabolas! The Graph Window is minimized.pt 2h See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion) And the complete model is... as well as the Notes Window Minimized Windows can be shown with a double click or a click on their top-right icon ....unl.. 11 Modellus 4.fct.http://modellus. A Visual Introduction for Teachers The values on the table can be scrolled and shown with the scroll bar. as well as the function y. The trajectory is parabolic.

http://modellus.unl. 12 Modellus 4.fct.pt 2i See it in action: a simple example with functions (a model of projectile motion) And now a complete movie on how to make the model.. A Visual Introduction for Teachers ..

pt 3 A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) Particle launched vertically.. 13 Modellus 4..fct.http://modellus. with different accelerations: what you will get. A Visual Introduction for Teachers .unl.

. This model is a function y that represents the vertical coordinate of a particle launched vertically with a certain initial velocity v0y Initial velocity and initial coordinate are given on the Mathematical Model Window ay is a free parameter.unl..http://modellus. ... 14 Modellus 4. The independent variable is the time t..pt 3a A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) Create the mathematical model. A Visual Introduction for Teachers Write the Mathematical Model.fct....

.... A Visual Introduction for Teachers On the Parameters Ribbon. Modellus 4. . 15 ay is a free parameter..http://modellus..unl.pt 3b A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) Give different values for the free parameter.fct. give three different values for the free parameter.

. 16 Modellus 4. A Visual Introduction for Teachers Properties for the FIRST particle. ... Vertical coordinate is y.pt 3c A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) Create three particles and attribute properties for the first particle. Case is Case 1.unl......fct.http://modellus.

. 17 Modellus 4. Vertical coordinate is y.fct. Case is Case 2. .pt 3d A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) Attribute properties for the second particle..unl.http://modellus... A Visual Introduction for Teachers Properties for the SECOND particle.....

pt 3e A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) Attribute properties for the third particle... A Visual Introduction for Teachers Properties for the THIRD particle.. .. Case is Case 3.. 18 Modellus 4.http://modellus.unl.. Vertical coordinate is y...fct.

http://modellus..pt 3f A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) Select what to display on the graph window.. A Visual Introduction for Teachers Click on the Graph Window. 19 Modellus 4.. Select y for the vertical axis in the first three boxes. Select Case 1 for the FIRST value of y Select Case 2 for the SECOND value of y Select Case 3 for the THIRD value of y .fct.unl....

..pt 3g A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) Change the upper limit for the independent variable. Modellus 4...unl. A Visual Introduction for Teachers . Change the Max value for t: 20 units is a good value.fct...http://modellus. 20 Click on the Independent Variable Ribbon.

.http://modellus. as an image.pt 3h A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) See it all.unl. 21 Modellus 4.fct. A Visual Introduction for Teachers ..

http://modellus. A Visual Introduction for Teachers .fct... as a movie. 22 Modellus 4.unl.pt 3g A more complex example with functions (exploring parameters) See it all.

.pt 4 Exploring inertia with iterations See a movie of what you will get.unl.. 23 Modellus 4. A Visual Introduction for Teachers .fct.http://modellus.

A Visual Introduction for Teachers .fct..pt 4a Exploring inertia with iterations Creating the model..unl. 24 Modellus 4.http://modellus.

A Visual Introduction for Teachers . but there is a problem with the scale for the vector sum of the forces! 25 Modellus 4..pt 4b Exploring inertia with iterations Setting the scene.http://modellus..unl.fct.

http://modellus. A Visual Introduction for Teachers .fct... 26 Modellus 4.pt 4c Exploring inertia with iterations Changing the scale for the sumF vector makes it more easy to control velocity.unl.

The graph shows how the system reacts to change in the concentration of a reactant 27 Modellus 4.unl.http://modellus. A Visual Introduction for Teachers .pt 5 Chemical equilibrium with differential equations The model.fct.

unl.fct.. A Visual Introduction for Teachers .pt 5a Chemical equilibrium Creating the model.. with differential equations 28 Modellus 4.http://modellus.

A Visual Introduction for Teachers ...unl.fct.pt 5b Chemical equilibrium with differential equations Creating controls for initial values and for parameters. and giving values for them 29 Modellus 4.http://modellus.

.fct.pt 5c Chemical equilibrium with differential equations Running the model and changing values interactively.. 30 Modellus 4.unl. A Visual Introduction for Teachers .http://modellus.

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