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VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201- CIRCUIT THEORY

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VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE
SRM NAGAR, KATTANKULATHUR – 603203

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
Question Bank
Programme : BE
Subject : EE6201-CIRCUIT THEORY
Semester / Branch : II/EEE,ECE &EIE
UNIT-I
PART-A
1. Define Ohm’s Law (B.L.T- 1)
2. List and define Kirchoff’s Laws for electric circuits. (B.L.T- 1)
3. An 1Φ 50 Hz ac supply system has the RMS values of 100V, 10 A.
Examine the instantaneous value of voltage and current. (B.L.T- 3)
4. Summarize the classifications of Circuit elements (B.L.T- 2)
5. Analyze how are the following affected by change of frequency
a) Resistance b) Inductive reactance. (B.L.T- 4)
6. Define ideal voltage source (B.L.T- 1)
7. Define active elements and passive elements. (B.L.T- 1)
8. Distuinguish between series and parallel circuit (B.L.T- 2)
9. Select the value of R1 and R2 when they are parallel with the following
conditions. The current in R1 is twice the current flowing through R2 and
the equivalent resistance of the parallel combination is 10/3Ω. (B.L.T- 5)
10.Point out the magnitude of currents in the Ammeter of resistance 10Ω
(B.L.T- 4)

11.A resistance of 120Ω and a capacitive reactance of 250Ω are connected in
series across an AC voltage supply. If a current of 0.9 A is flowing in the
circuit calculate the power factor. (B.L.T- 3)
12.Measure the equivalent conductance Geq of the circuit shown below
(B.L.T- 5)

KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 13.6) 16.L.Generalize the expressions for mesh current equations in matrix form (B.L.T.L.6) 15.Compose the equivalent resistance for the following combination of resistor and source current (B. Interpret the current delivered by the source shown in the circuit below.Differentiate active and reactive power in electrical circuits (B.Calculate the power absorbed by each of the elements in a given circuit.T.2) 19.T.CIRCUIT THEORY Page |3 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR.T.L.1) 18.L.1) 17.T.2) 20. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.L.How do you differentiate Power and Energy in Electrical Circuits? (B. (B. Analyse and infer Leq (B.Describe the term phasor (B.T.L.Two inductances L1=3mH and L2=6mH are connected in parallel. (B.4) 14.Define power factor. .T.3) PART – B 1.T.L.

label the current ratio (I1/I3) by applying mesh analysis.T.L.1) 4. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.4) .L.L. (B.L.T.T. For the network shown below. b) total current supplied by the source and c) power delivered to 16 ohm resistor in the circuit shown in figure (B. Tabulate a) the equivalent resistances across the terminals of the supply.T. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (B.2) 2.CIRCUIT THEORY Page |4 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR.1) 3. Analyze the mesh currents I1 and I2 for the given circuit shown below (B.

T.T. Calculate loop currents by mesh analysis (B.2) 7. Use Nodal Voltage method and estimate the power dissipated in the 10 Ω resistance on the circuit shown in the fig (B.T.T.L.L.CIRCUIT THEORY Page |5 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR.3) 6.T. (i) Derive and list the expressions for resistors in series and parallel (8 marks) (B.L.1) 8. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 5. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.3) .1) (ii) Quote the Kirchoff’s current law and prove it by using the definition of Current (8 marks) (B.L. Determine the value of V2 such that the current through the impedance (2+j3) ohm is zero (B.L.

KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 9.Evaluate the current in each branch and total power consumed by the circuit. Analyse the current flowing through the resistors R1 and R3 if current through R2 is 1A (B.T.L. the equations for voltage and current are i=28sin(314+60º) and e=180 sin 314t formulate and obtain a) the RMS value of the voltage and current b) the frequency c) the power factor d) the power e) the values of circuit constants. Illustrate the equivalent voltage source for a current source of 15A .4) 2.L. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.T. Assume E = 50 sin (ωt+45).L. (B.4) 3.T.6) 10.L. (B. Explain how voltage source with a source resistance can be converted into an equivalent current source.L.T. In a circuit consisting of two elements in series.5) UNIT-II PART-A 1.3) 4. (B. (B.CIRCUIT THEORY Page |6 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR.T. Calculate The Equivalent Current Source for a Voltage Source Of 10v In Series With A 60ohm Resistance.

L.5) .Three resistors A.3) 5.L.1) 10.A voltage source has internal impedance (4+j5) ohm.T.2) 16.T.L.L. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.IB=2IC Interpret(a) IB and IC (b)the line voltage and (c)RB and RC (B.T.L.T.4) 20.CIRCUIT THEORY Page |7 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR.T.6) 6.3) 18.Convince the purpose of star delta transformation.1) 11.L.T. Deduce the expressions for star connected arms in terms of delta connected arms and delta connected arms in terms of star connected arms (B. calculate current in the circuit.Point out the limitations of superposition theorem? (B. State Superposition theorem (B.L.1) 17.T.L.T.L.1) 9.L. (B. State Maximum power transfer theorem (B.T. (B.Discuss some applications of maximum power transfer theorem (B.L.L.T.Using superposition theorem.5) 14. capacitors and diodes? Give your reason (B.T.2) 8. Formulate the equations for resistors in equivalent delta.L. (B.2) 15.6) 7.L. Re-write the expression for resistors in equivalent star (B.L. Describe the concept of current division in a circuit. Measure the load impedance for Maximum power transfer (B. Three resistors Rab. (B.1) 13. Rbc and Rca are connected in delta.L.2) 19. Is reciprocity theorem applied to the circuit having resistors.T.B and C are connected in parallel and takes 2.T.1) 12.Identify the theorem used in converting an electrical circuit into one equivalent resistance in parallel with current source (B.T. Rb and Rc are connected electrically in star.L. How will you express the Norton’s equivalent circuit from Thevenin’s equivalent circuit? (B.T.L.Define reciprocity theorem (B.5) PART-B 1. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING when connected in parallel with 5 ohm resistance (B.T.T.5 A. Given that the resistors Ra. Describe the theorem used in converting an electrical circuit into one equivalent resistance in series with voltage source (B.T.

KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 2. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201. Analyze the given circuit and obtain Norton’s equivalent circuit (B. replace the current source in the circuit shown below by a voltage source and solve for the current delivered by the 50V source (B. Using star-delta transformation.T.6) 3.T.L.3) 5. in the following wheat stone bridge circuit of figure.CIRCUIT THEORY Page |8 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR. Calculate i)the equivalent resistance between P&Q ii)the total current (iii)the current through the 18Ω resistor (B. Determine the Thevenin’s equivalent for the figure and develop the Norton’s equivalent from the same (B.T. Using source transformation.4) .T.3) 4.L.L.L.

VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201. (B.2) (ii) Discuss in detail and prove that. Give Thevenin’s equivalent across the terminals AB for the circuit shown in figure below.2) 7.2) 8.CIRCUIT THEORY Page |9 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR. Using superposition theorem identify the current through (2+j3) ohm impedance branch of the circuit shown. (B.T. express the voltage across (2+j5) Ω impedance by using Superposition theorem. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 6.L.1) .L. (i) For the circuit shown below.T.L. in a pure resistive circuit.RL=RTh using Maximum power transfer theorem. (8 marks) (B.T. (8 marks) (B.T.L.

1) 10. Express the dot rule.CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 10 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR. (B.L. (B.T. (i) Examine the value of RL so that maximum power is delivered to the load resistance shown in figure.T-1) 2. (B.T-1) . Define quality factor of a series resonant circuit.1) UNIT-III PART-A 1.L. Calculate the total inductance of the circuit.Examine and identify the maximum power delivered to the load in the circuit (B.T.L.L.L.6 as shown in fig.L.T-2) 3.T.L.T-3) 4. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201. (8 marks) (B. (B.1) (ii) Define and explain reciprocity theorem. Define mutual inductance. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 9. if the coefficient of coupling(k) between the two coils 0. (8 marks) (B.

L.T-2) 9. Define quality factor Q of a coil (B. (B. Describe bandwidth of the circuit? (B.T-1) 13.A series resonance circuit has a bandwidth of 20kHz and a quality factor of 40.L. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 5.T-1) 2.L.L.T-5) 18.L.T-2) 12.L. Judge. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.T-1) 7. Design the frequency response of double tuned circuit.When do you say that a given AC circuit is at resonance? (B.L. (B.T-2) 14. describe the linear transformer (B.T-5) PART-B 1. Examine the maximum possible mutual inductance of two inductively coupled circuits with self inductance L1=25mH and L2=100mH.L.(B.L. (B.T-1) 10.L. Analyse resonant frequency in terms of half power frequencies. (B.T-1) 16.T-4) 15.T-4) 20.T-6) 8. Illustrate the quality factor of a coil for the series resonant circuit consisting of R= 10 ohm.Give the expression which relates the self and mutual inductance. . Define coefficient of coupling. L= 0. The resistor value is 10k ohm. With neat illustration and necessary derivations.L. 50 Hz ac supply.L.Design the frequency response of RLC series circuit. (B. Z1=(5-jXc) ohm.(B.T-1) 3. (B.T-3) 19. Define and derive the mutual inductance and the coupling coefficient of the transformer with necessary illustration. (B.L.Give the applications of tuned circuits. Compare the properties of series and parallel resonant circuits.L. Define bandwidth of a resonant circuit.L.L.Deduce the resonant frequency and quality factor for the circuit shown (B. (B.L. (B.(B.T-3) 6. When the power is maximum in the series resonance circuits? Why? (B. Impedance Z1and Z2 are parallel and this combination is in series with an impedance Z3 connected to a 100V.CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 11 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR. Evaluate the value of L of this circuit.L.T-4) 17.T-6) 11.1 henry and C= 10 micro farad.

T-4) 4.6* 10-3 Wb and the flux linking the second coil is 0. When 5A current flows in coil 1.25) ohm. Z3=(6.CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 12 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR.T-5) 5. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201. and 10Hz below resonant frequency (B.T-2) (ii) The number of turns in two coupled coils are 500 turns. For the circuit shown in fig. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING Z2=(5+j0) ohm.L. 1500 turns respectively. 10Hz above resonant frequency. express the frequency at which the circuit resonates. Describe how to derive Q factor of parallel resonance (B.L.T-1) 7.3*10-3Wb.T-3) 6. M and K. (8 marks) (B.. L2.L. the total flux in this coil is 0. The switch in the circuit shown in fig is moved from position 1 to 2 at t=0. calculate the impedance at resonant frequency. Also calculate the voltage across the inductor at resonance and the Q factor of the circuit. Evaluate the expression for voltage across resistance and capacitor. (i) A coil having an inductance of 100mH is magnetically coupled to another coil having an inductance if 900mH.L. energy in the capacitor for t>0 (B. (8 marks) (B.L. (i) For the circuit shown below. The coefficient of coupling . (B. Find the circuit current and power. Analyse the value of capacitance such that the total current of the circuit will be in phase with the total voltage. Calculate L1.25+j1.L.T-3) 8.

T-3) 15.L.L.L. (B. Develop an equivalent circuit for inductor and capacitor at t=0+ when there is no initial energy.L.L. Describe an initial condition? (B.T-2) 9.T-1) 2.L.L. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.T-2) 8. 10KHz power supply. Design the equivalent circuit at t=0+ for a capacitor with initial charge of of q=0.T-2) (i) Co-efficient of coupling (8 marks) (ii) Tuned circuit (8 marks) UNIT-IV PART-A 1.45.L. (B. Calculate the value of R to give critical damping. List the periodic inputs? (B. (B. Calculate the impedance (B.L.L.T-1) 10. Define Step function? (B. (B.T-1) 5. In a series RLC circuit.T-6) 12.L.L. (B.CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 13 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR.T-1) 4.T-4) 11.T-1) 6.T-3) 14. L=2H and C= 5uF.T-6) (8 marks) 9.L.Analyze the current given by I (t) = 5 – 4 e-20t (B. Distinguish between free and forced response. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING between the coils is 0. Quote the term time constant of a transient response.L. (B.L. For a series RLC circuit: Derive the condition for resonance. (B.T-2) a) Series aiding and Series opposing b) Parallel aiding and Parallel opposing (ii) What are coupled circuits? Sketch the frequency response of a single tuned circuit and give the explanation of tuned circuits. Define transient? (B.L.L.T-1) 7. (B. Describe steady state value? (B.L. (B.L. Distinguish between transient response and steady state response of a circuit.T-4) 10. explain the frequency response and also obtain quality factor and bandwidth. Describe about Critical damping? (B.T-6) 13. Discuss the following (B. Predict the equivalent inductance if the two coils are connected in (4+4 marks) (B.T-1) 3. A coil having a resistance of 10 K Ω and inductance of 50mH is connected to a 10 volts.T-2) . Give time constant of a RL & RC circuit.

(i) A series RC circuit with R=5 KΩ and C=20uF as a constant voltage source of 100V applied at t=0.T-1) (ii) In the circuit given below. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 16.1H and C=50uF as a voltage of 100V applied to it at t=0 through a switch. Z21=120Ω. Z11=100 Ω.T-2) 2.( B. there is no initial charge on the capacitor.L.5sec (B. when dc voltage source is applied suddenly.T-2) 19. Z12=120Ω. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201. In a two port network. Define a two port network (B.L. Express the step responses of RL and RC circuits.T-3) PART-B 1.L.show the current transient (8 marks) (B. Examine the current i and charge q for t > 0 (8 marks) (B.T-3) 4.L. Assume that initial energy stored in the circuit is zero.L. Give the expression for current response of RLC series circuit with sinusoidal excitation. (i) Analyze the expression for current transient when series RL circuit is excited by a sinusoidal source v=Vm(sin ωt) at t=0 (8 marks) (B. The switch is then moved to position 2.T-5) 5.T-4) (ii)A series RLC circuit with R=50Ω.T-4) . Compare their performances. Z22=50Ω.T-5) 17. evaluate the current at t=0.L. (8 marks)( B.Summarize h parameter and give its applications.T-2) 3.T-2) 20. (B. Assuming the initial current through the inductor at t=0 is zero.L.T-1) 18.L.L.and y. (B.L. Evaluate the expression for a current transient. Discuss z. (i) Using laplace transform analyze expression for i1 and i2 in the circuit shown below. (B. L=0.L. (B. the switch has been in position 1 for sufficient time to establish steady state conditions.parameter of a typical four terminal network.L. Calculate Y parameters.CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 14 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR. Assume initially relaxed circuit conditions (8 marks) (B. Assume that the circuit is working in critical damping condition. A series RL with R=100Ω and L=20H has a dc voltage of 200V applied through a switch at t=0.

KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (ii) In the circuit shown below examine the expression for the transient current.CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 15 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR.T-1) . The initial current is shown in the figure (8 marks) (B. In the circuit shown describe about the expression for current if the switch is closed at t=0 and the value of current at t=1ms.L. Assume initial charge on the capacitor is zero (B.T-1) 6. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.L.

the switch is moved to position 2.T-3) 10.T-2) 9. (a) Examine the transient response of series RLC circuit with DC input using laplace transform. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 7.T-2) 8.L. (B.CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 16 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR. At t=1ms. the switch is closed on position 1 at t=0. (B.L. Derive the necessary differential equation and solve.T-5) .L. Express the current in the circuit. (B. (i) Evaluate the Z parameters for the circuit shown in fig (8 marks) (B. Assume initial charge on the capacitor is zero. Z2=5∟-90°. ii. Critical damping and under damping (b) In a T network shown in fig Z1=2∟0°. A series RC circuit with R=100Ω and C=25uF is supplied with a source of 200Sin(500t) volt. Z3=3∟90°. Discuss the cases of over damping. Interpret the equations for the current in both intervals and draw the transient current curve.T-1) i.L. calculate the Z parameters (8 marks) (B. In the series circuit shown in figure.L.

L.6kW when the line current is 18.T-2) 8.(B.T-1) 4.L. Assume RYB phase sequence (B. (B.L.2A.T-2) 9.L.CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 17 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (ii) Express Y parameters of network shown in fig from Z parameters.T-2) 10. List out the methods of power measurement in 3Φ circuits.T-2) .L.L. List out the methods of power measurement in 3Φ circuits (B.L.T-1) 7. Estimate the power factor of the motor (B. List the advantages of 3Φ system over 1Φ (B. (8 marks) (B.T-1) 3. Describe the effect of power factor in energy consumption billing (B.A 3Φ motor can be regarded as a balanced Y load. Give the equations for the phasor difference between the potentials of the delta connected networks. Give the distortion power factor equation of three phase circuits.T-2) UNIT-V PART-A 1. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.L. A 3Φ 400V supply is given to a balanced star connected load of impedance 8+j6 ohms in each branch.L. (B.L. Distinguish between unbalanced source and unbalanced load.T-1) 2. A 3Φ motor draws 5.T-1) 5. Identify the voltage across Y and B in a 3 Φ balanced delta system with voltage across R and Y is 400∠00 V.T-1) 6.L. (B. Estimate the line current (B.

L.T-4) 17. Calculate the power factor if V(t)=Vmsinωt and I(t)=Imsin(ωt -45 ) (B. (B.T--3) 16.T-6) PART-B 1.T-2) 2. (B.L. A balanced delta connected load takes a line current of 15 A when connected to a balanced 3 phase 400 v system.T-2) 13.Three coils. predict when both the wattmeter read same values.Calculate the power factor if V(t)=Vmsin(ωt-45 ) and I(t)=Imsin(ωt-1350) 0 (B.Explain balance supply system.L. Calculate its equivalent delta connected load.L. A three phase balanced delta connected load of 3+j4Ω is connected across a 400v.L.T-2) 12. what is the value of power factor of the load? (B.T-4) 19.Describe measurement of reactive power using wattmeter. A wattmeter with its current coil in one line and Potential coil between the two remaining lines read 2000W.T-3) 14. A symmetrical three phase three wire 440v supply to a star connected load. In the measurement of three phase power using two wattmeter method.L.T-6) . analyze the power factor of the circuit.T-5) 3.L. In two wattmeter power measurement method.Develop the circuit diagram for balanced delta connected load.L.L.T-1) 6.T--3) 0 15. (B.T-1) 5. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201. 3 phase balanced supply.L. (B.T-5) 20. if one wattmeter reads zero.T-4) 18.L. (B.Compare star and delta connected system. (B.L. Develop the expression for balanced delta connected load and draw the phasor diagram.T-3) 4. (B. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 11. 3Φ and 50Hz supply.L. (B. Explain in detail the phase diagram of voltages and currents of a three phase unbalanced loads.L. (B. The impedance in each branch are =2+j3Ω. (B. b) power factor and c) power supplied. Summarize the main objectives of interconnection of the phases? (B. =1-j2Ω and =3+j4Ω. Examine the phase currents and line currents (Phase sequence in RYB).CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 18 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR.L. Discuss in detail about the three phase 3-wire circuits with star connected balanced loads. each having resistance of 20Ω and an inductive reactance of 15Ω are connected in star to a 400V. Describes the load impedances. (B. Calculate a) line current.L. (B.

(B. (3) the power factor (4) the phasor impedance. The two wattmeter methods produces wattmeter readings P1=1560W and P2=2100W When connected to delta connected load. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE EE6201.L. Describe about the various methods to measure the real power and power factor in the three phase circuits (B.5 5 5 .L.T-2) BLOOM’S TAXONOMY PART A BTL 1 BTL 2 BTL 3 BTL 4 BTL 5 BTL 6 UNIT 1 6 4 3 3 2 2 UNIT 2 6 4 3 3 2 2 UNIT 3 6 4 3 3 2 2 UNIT 4 6 4 3 3 2 2 UNIT 5 6 4 3 3 2 2 Total 30 20 15 15 10 10 PART B BTL 1 BTL 2 BTL 3 BTL 4 BTL 5 BTL 6 UNIT 1 3 2 1 2 1 1 UNIT 2 3 2 1 2 1 1 UNIT 3 3 2 1.5 UNIT 4 3 2 1 2 1 1 UNIT 5 3 2 2 1 1 1 Total 15 10 5. (B.CIRCUIT THEORY P a g e | 19 VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM NAGAR. Explain three phase power measurement by 2 wattmeter method for star and delta connected load and determine the power equation and draw the phasor diagram.5 2 1 0. Calculate (1) the per phase average power (2) the per phase reactive power. KATTANKULATHUR – 603203 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 7.T-1) 9.L. If the line voltage is 220V.T-3) 10. Give the short notes on symmetrical components and un-symmetrical components. (B.L.T-4) 8.5 9.