You are on page 1of 1

GD&T Symbols and Guidelines Cheat Sheet

Provided by GD&T Basics - For the best GD&T training online, visit www.gdandtbasics.com
If you would like a free copy of this cheat sheet please visit www.gdandtbasics.com
and simply sign up for our email list to download your free PDF

SYMBOL NAME ON DRAWING TOLERANCE ZONE GAUGING


Two parallel lines
0.030 apart
0.030
Straightness
(Surface)

100.050 Cylindrical Tolerance Zone


0.030 when Part = 10.050 Cylinder Gauge ID = M +

M Straightness 0.030 M 0.130 when Part = 9.950


Gauge ID =
(Axis under M ) 10.080
FORM

Two parallel planes


0.030 apart
Flatness 0.030

(Surface)

Planar Tolerance Zone Gauge spacing


at Virtual Condition

Flatness
0.030 M
M + = 10.080
M
(Median plane under M )

Two concentric circles


0.030 0.030 apart

Circularity

Two concentric cylinders


0.030 0.030 apart

Cylindricity

Two parallel planes


0.030 apart
0.030 A

Parallelism
ORIENTATION

Flat datum block


A (Datum A)
Datum A

0.030 A Two parallel planes


Perpendicularity A
0.030 apart Flat datum block
(Datum A)
(Feature)
Datum A

100.050 Gauge pin Pin Gauge OD = M


inserted
0.030 M A Axis perpendicular Pin Gauge = 9.920

M
Perpendicularity Bonus tolerance Tolerance Zone
at M
to datum
90
(9.950 - 0.030)

(Axis under M )
A Datum A

Two parallel planes


0.030 apart
0.030 A
Angularity 60 A Gauge
Block
60 60
60
Datum A

Two parallel lines


0.030 apart
Profile 0.030 A B
Datum B
Gauge must
follow true profile.

of a line B A
Profile is usually
PROFILE

measured with a CMM.


Datum A

Two parallel planes


0.030 apart

Profile
0.030 A B Gauge must
follow true profile.
B A
of a surface Datum B
Datum A
Profile is usually
measured with a CMM.

Part (actual) position Measure X and Y location and compare to the true position.
0.030 A B
(Actual X - True X) + (Actual Y + True Y)
2 2

Y
B Actual This formula must be less than
True Position 20.0
True 0.030
True
Actual Y
True Y
the True Position tolerance

A center
30.0
X
True X Actual X

Actual
Pin Position Part Part
100.050
0.030 M A B C Tolerance Zone

True Position
True of Pin Gauge
B position
M (Maximum Material 20.0 Tolerance Zone
True
position
of Hole Gauge
Condition)
30.0 Actual
A
LOCATION

Hole Position
C Gauge Gauge

0.030 A
Measured axis Datum axis

Concentricity
Datum A
Tolerance Zone
A

A A
0.030 A
A

Symmetry
Datum A plane
Two parallel planes
0.030 apart

0.030 A Datum A
Datum A Fixed + Rotated
A

A Fixed axially

Runout A
+ Rotated
RUNOUT

0.030 A Datum A
Datum A Fixed + Rotated
Fixed axially
A

Total Runout
A + Rotated

Copyright 2014 GD&T Basics - www.gdandtbasics.com - Chart designed by Andrea Barbieri <www.andreabarbieri.net>