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FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE

2017
2017
FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE 2017 ME2204 ELEMENTS OF ENGINEERING PLANTS AN ASSIGNMENT REPORT PRESENTED IN

ME2204

ELEMENTS OF ENGINEERING PLANTS

AN ASSIGNMENT REPORT PRESENTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR ELEMENTS OF ENGINEERING PLANTS

Submitted by

1. DK NUR AMAL BAZILAH BTE PG AHMAD [DIENG(MCH)/06/16/0401] 2. MOHAMMAD HAFIZ BIN ABDULLAH [DIENG(MCH)/06/16/0408] 3. MUHAMMAD FAIQ BIN HAJI MOHAMMAD SALLEH [DIENG(MCH)/06/16/0415] 4. TAUFIQ AL-HAKIM BIN HAJI ABDUL RAHIM [DIENG(MCH)/06/16/0422]

Lecturer:

MS MARDIAH BTE HAJI BACHEE & MS SITI NURFILZAH BINTI HAJI BRAHIM

Date of Submission

Wednesday, 15 th February 2017

Session

2017

SEMESTER 2

FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE

2017
2017

Table of Contents

  • 1.0 Introduction

3

What is a valve?

  • 1.1 ..................................................................................................................................

3

  • 2.0 Content

4

Identify

  • 2.1 the given valve

4

  • 2.2 Identify cross-section/ parts of the valve

...........................................................................................

5

  • 2.3 Identify the operating principles of the valve

.....................................................................................

6

  • 2.4 Identify how the valves regulate the flow of the fluid

6

  • 2.5 Describe the characteristics of the valve

............................................................................................

7

  • 2.6 Describe the advantages and disadvantages of the valve

..................................................................

7

  • 2.7 Describe the applications where the selected valve is being used

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  • 3.0 References

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FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE

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1.0 Introduction

During our first practical session in the Plant Lab UTB, we were given a task to disassemble parts of the required valve; this is done in order for us to understand further about the parts and working principles of the valve.

1.1 What is a valve?

A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways. Valves are essential components of a piping system that transport liquids, gases, vapors and slurries.

There are many different types of valve used in industry and they have its own specific features and functions, for example Gate Valve, Butterfly Valve and Needle Valve. Some valves are self-operated

while others are manually
while
others
are
manually
or with an actuator that uses pneumatic or hydraulic.
or
with
an
actuator
that
uses
pneumatic
or
hydraulic.

Figure 2 Gate Valve

Figure 1 Butterfly valve

Figure 3 Needle Valve

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FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE

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2.0 Content

2.1 Identify the given valve

Our group chooses to elaborate more about Gate Valve.

FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE 2017 2.0 Content 2.1 Identify the given valve Our group chooses
FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE 2017 2.0 Content 2.1 Identify the given valve Our group chooses

Gate valves are primarily designed to start and stop flow, or when a straight-line flow of fluid and minimum flow restriction is required. During operation, these valves generally are either fully open or fully closed.

Gate valves are usually divided into two types: parallel and wedge-shaped. The parallel gate valve uses a flat disc gate between two parallel seats, one is at the upstream and the other one is at the downstream. While the edge-shaped gate valves uses two inclined seats and a slightly mismatched inclined gate, this is to allow a tight shut-off.

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FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE

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2.2 Identify cross-section/ parts of the valve

FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE 2017 2.2 Identify cross-section/ parts of the valve Gate valves consist

Gate valves consist of three main parts which is the Body, Bonnet, and Trim. The body is generally connected to other equipment for example flanged, screwed or welded joints. Since fluid passed through this valve body when in service, the valve body must be made from a strong material to take the maximum pressure of the fluid.

The valve bonnet is a removable cover fitted to the body, which contains the moving parts, and it is attached usually with bolts, this is for maintenance purposes. The valve trim consists of the stem which connects the actuator to the closing element, gate, disc or wedge and the seat rings that makes a seal with the closing element when the valve is closed.

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  • 2.3 Identify the operating principles of the valve

Fully closed Partially opened Fully opened
Fully closed
Partially opened
Fully opened
FLOW MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL VALVE 2017 2.3 Identify the operating principles of the valve Fully closed

As seen from the figure above, when the valve is closed, the hand wheel will be rotated in clockwise direction, the stem and gate (wedge) will be moving downwards towards the body. Fluid won’t be able to flow once the valve is closed.

When the valve is open, the hand wheel will be rotated to anti-clockwise direction, it is the vice versa of opening the valve, the stem and gate will move in wards direction. Once the valve is fully open, fluid can continue flowing.

The disk of a Gate valve is completely removed when the valve is fully open; the disk is fully drawn up into the valve Bonnet. This leaves an opening for flow through the valve at the same inside diameter as the pipe system in which the valve is installed.

  • 2.4 Identify how the valves regulate the flow of the fluid

In gate valve, flow is controlled by lowering or raising the valve stem. But this gate valves are not suitable for the purpose of regulating or throttling of flow due to its valve design, accurate control of flow would be difficult to achieve unless it is designed to do so.

Moreover, when valve are partially opened, the high velocity may cause erosion and extensive damage to the disc and its seating surfaces.

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2.5

Describe the characteristics of the valve

The distinct feature of a gate valve is the sealing surfaces between the gate and seats are planar, so it provides a complete sealing. Thus, the valve can only completely restrict the flow of fluid or fully allow it.

 

Parallel Slide Gate Valve

 

It has a wide seating area (lower contacting stress).

It is flexible in thermal expansion in valve body.

The torque to seating is stable and smooth.

Longer life time of seats surfaces and gate.

Wedge Gate Valve

 

It has a narrow seating area (higher contacting stress) than parallel slide gate valve.

 

It has a brittle in terms of thermal flexibility of the disc.

The lower wedge edges are normally prone to damages.

2.6

Describe the advantages and disadvantages of the valve

 

ADVANTAGES

DISADVANTAGES

1.

It has a good shutoff features

  • 1. Gate valve must be slowly opened or closed

 

2.

Gate valves are bidirectional and therefore they

  • 2. It is not suitable for regulate or throttle flow

 

can be used in two directions

 

3.

Pressure loss through the valve is minimal.

  • 3. They are sensitive to vibration in the open state

 

4.

It is suitable when on-off service is needed.

  • 4. When the valve seats are damaged, it is difficult to

 

repair.

5.

Can provide a tight shutoff

  • 5. Sealing surfaces are prone to damage.

 

6.

Gate valve is easy to use since it does not involve

  • 6. Gate valves require a large force for operation.

 

any complex mechanism.

 
 

2.7

Describe the applications where the selected valve is being used

 

Gate valves are primarily used to prevent the flow of liquids by lifting a round or rectangular gate out of the path of the fluid. It is also used when a straight-line flow of fluid and minimum restriction is desired for the process.

Since gate valve can withstand harsh environment such as high temperature and high pressure, it is commonly found in Oil and Gas industry. Gate valves are also used in many industrial applications including the pharmaceuticals, manufacturing, automotive, and offshore applications. The non-rising stem gate types of valves are commonly used on ships, in underground applications, since they don't take up large space.

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3.0 References

(2017). Retrieved 11 February 2017, from https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gate_valve

ANALYSIS

AND

DISCUSSION

for

open

ended

lab.docx

-

ANALYSIS

AND

DISCUSSIONS:.

(2017).

Coursehero.com.

Retrieved

11

February

2017,

from

https://www.coursehero.com/file/17952888/ANALYSIS-AND-DISCUSSION-for-open-ended-labdocx/

Characteristics, principle of work and cautions for gate valve - WELCO VALVE - Flow control solution. (2017). Cnvalveco.com. Retrieved 14 February 2017, from http://cnvalveco.com/structural- characteristics-principle-of-work-and-cautions-for-gate-valve.htm

Divedi, H., Divedi, H., Divedi, H., & profile, V. (2017). GATE VALVE WORKING PRINCIPLE. Hkdivedi.com. Retrieved 9 February 2017, from http://www.hkdivedi.com/2016/05/gate-valve-working-principle.html

Gate Valve Types, Construction, Applications and Advantages. (2017). Pipingguide.net. Retrieved 14 February 2017, from http://www.pipingguide.net/2013/10/gate-valve-types-construction.html

Gate Valve, Gate Valve Manufacturer, Gate Valve Exporters, Gate Valve Stockist, Gate Valve Supplier,

Risng

Stem

Gate

Valve

India. (2017). Jdvalves.com. Retrieved 13 February 2017, from

http://www.jdvalves.com/gate_valve.htm

Gate Valves Information | Engineering360. (2017). Globalspec.com. Retrieved 13 February 2017, from http://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/flow_control_flow_transfer/valves/gate_valves

Introduction to valves - Gate valves - Gate valves are primarily designed to start or stop flow Wermac.org. Retrieved 9 February 2017, from http://wermac.org/valves/valves_gate.html

....

(2017).

profile, V. (2017). The Advantages And Disadvantages of Gate Valve. Dkvalve.blogspot.com. Retrieved 11 February 2017, from http://dkvalve.blogspot.com/2012/05/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-

gate.html?m=1

The Benefits of Using Gate Valves | World Wide Metric Blog. (2017). Blog.worldwidemetric.com. Retrieved 14 February 2017, from http://blog.worldwidemetric.com/products/the-benefits-of-using- gate-valves/

Valve. (2017). En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 14 February 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valve

Valves.

(2017).

Emadrlc.blogspot.com.

 

Retrieved

13

February

2017,

from

http://emadrlc.blogspot.com/p/blog-page.html

 

Valves

-

Transport

and

Storage

-

MEL

Equipment

Encyclopedia

4.0.

(2017).

Encyclopedia.che.engin.umich.edu.

Retrieved

14

February

2017,

from

http://encyclopedia.che.engin.umich.edu/Pages/TransportStorage/Valves/Valves.html

Valves In Industry (Part 2). 1) Control Valve 2) Globe Valve 3) Gate Valve 4) Ball Valve 5) Needle Valve 6) Diaphragm Valve 7) Solenoid Valve 8) Valve. - ppt download. (2017). Slideplayer.com. Retrieved 14 February 2017, from http://slideplayer.com/slide/4156563/

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