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4/5/17, 09:17 - +967 777 722 477: Global warming
Global warming is defined as a gradual rise in
temperature in the lower atmosphere of the Earth
during the last hundred to two hundred years due to the
rise in greenhouse gases (also known as greenhouse
gases) such as carbon dioxide, methane and many
other gases Other. Since the middle of the 20th
century, climate scientists have begun to collect huge
amounts of data and information indicating a change in
climate at the planet level. These include precipitation,
ocean currents and storm surges, all of which point to
fundamental changes in the Earth's climate since The
era of the industrial revolution, and that it was a direct
result of human activities and man-made change in the
Earth's environment. [1] Studies currently available,
compiled by most climate scientists around the world,
indicate that the planet's temperature rose between
1880 and 2012, 0.9 stairs The pre-industrial studies -
before 1750 - indicate that the Earth's temperature has
risen by 1.1 degrees Celsius over the last three
centuries. The Global Climate Change Panel (IPCC)
believes that most of the rise in global warming during
the second half of the 20th century is due to human
activities. Recent predictions suggest that if human
activity continues at its current pace, the Earth's
temperature will rise by as much as 4.8 degrees
Celsius by the end of the 21st century, which will have
disastrous consequences for human, animal and plant
life on the face of the planet. Global warming The most
fundamental cause of global warming, scientists now
believe, is the emission of greenhouse gases to the
Earth's climate. Industrial and commercial activity
carried out by man, and the way of life in general, cause
the proportion of gases naturally occurring in the
atmosphere to change. The most significant effect that
humans are doing in this regard is to raise the
proportion of carbon dioxide from their very normal
level, as well as methane gas, water vapor and nitrogen
oxides. All of these gases are classified into a category
known as greenhouse gases, and the reason for their
designation is their great ability to absorb heat. [2] The
bad effect of greenhouse gases on the climate is called
the phenomenon of the glass house. This phenomenon
occurs when rays of light and heat of the sun reach the
Earth's atmosphere. After the sun reaches the ground,
the soil, rocks and trees absorb naturally, thus heating
the surface of the earth. But a large proportion of them
are reflected in outer space, leading to cooling of the
Earth. For example, white ice can absorb only 20% of
the sun's rays, while the rest reflects it toward the sky,
while the ocean water absorbs 90% of the light on it and
reflects only 10%. [3] ] The problem caused by
greenhouse gases is that they absorb 90 percent of the
sun's reflected heat from the Earth's surface, so all the
thermal energy of the sun is stored within the Earth's
atmosphere, and this causes a very high temperature
rise. [2] The Earth's atmosphere contains 280 parts per
million of carbon dioxide naturally Carbon dioxide is
one of the most important greenhouse gases in global
warming. Before the Industrial Revolution, this figure
was around 275 ppm, and in fact, it did not exceed 180-
280 ppm for the last 800,000 years of geological history
of the globe. However, the amount of carbon dioxide in
the atmosphere has increased dramatically from the
time of the Industrial Revolution to the present, where
scientists estimated in 2013 that it reached 400
molecules per million, a proportion that has not reached
this gas in the atmosphere for any time since more than
three million Year. Carbon dioxide alone accounts for
82% of US greenhouse gas exports, the first country
responsible for climate pollution in the world. [2] At the
fifth meeting of the Global Climate Change Panel
(IPCC), which involved 1,300 scientific figures from
around the world Under the auspices of the United
Nations, the Commission announced that human
activity was responsible for the warming of the Earth's
atmosphere during the last 50 years with a probability
of 95%. [4] Statistical studies show that at least 97% of
climate scientists in the world now agree that warming
Thermal is a reality that currently leads to a The
warming of the earth, and the reason behind it is man's
tampering with the environment. [5] The Danger of
Global Warming to Humans and Earth Global warming
may cause many catastrophic disasters for the planet,
so scientists are still studying its effects and discovering
more catastrophic consequences. Global warming
could melt ice and snow on mountain peaks and poles,
leading to a world-wide rise of several meters, and
huge coastal cities drowning around the world. It is also
likely to have overlaps and imbalances in the seasons
of the year and a very high summer temperatures or
rainfall rates at certain times of the year, this may lead
to unprecedented floods and the spread of many pests
and the destruction of many agricultural areas, and may
be affected by the fisheries, The quantities of food
available to mankind are much. Large numbers of
animals and plants are likely to become extinct as a
result of the destruction of rainforests, coral reefs and
other ecosystems that can not withstand high