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1 Increase your vocabulary. In every issue of Learn Hot 5 English for life! Want to travel to English-speaking 4 Vocabulary: Clothes & accessories
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youll learn lots of idioms, phrasal verbs, grammar and more. and expressions you need for international travel!
5 Fashion TRACK 01

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6 Countries TRACK 02
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13 Natural English:
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Saving money TRACK 08
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TV script: 13 Reasons Why
at two spooky places, books that got banned,
24 Social Media TRACK 14
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29 Vocabulary Clinic: Terror!
30 Listening activity:
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31 Idioms: Fashion

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Here are some useful words for describing clothes and accessories.

Jeans Leather jacket Trainers (sneakers in US English) T-shirt

Watch Sweatshirt Ring Sunglasses

Tracksuit bottoms
(jogger pants in
US English) Hooded top Bomber jacket Sweater / jumper

Hand bag Umbrella Boots Crop top

High heels Coat Tights Hat

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What clothes do you like to wear at the weekend? What about at work? What are some of your
favourite clothes? Why do you like them? What clothes do you wear when you go out at night or for special occasions?
Where do you buy your clothes? Why do you go to these shops? Who do you base your style on? Why?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as KET and TOEFL.

By Giulia Martinelli

hat does it Luca and yellow
mean to be has built his hand bag.
stylish? At a look around Shes also
very basic level, you need shades of wearing
to think about colours, green. With some
fabrics and designs when his tracksuit fishnet
creating an outfit. Just bottoms, tights and
to inspire you, here are hooded top dark red
some people who really and bomber high heels.
know about style. jacket, this Green,
guy has yellow, red... the perfect
Answers on page 44 Giorgio clearly got a lot of street style. colours for an autumn outfit!
has based
1 Pre-reading his outfit on Taylor Chiara
Look at the pictures. Who do two colours: Swift Ferragnis
you think is the most stylish? black and is wearing a unusual
Why? Then, describe the white. Black pair of tight outfit
clothes that two people are ripped jeans trousers consists
wearing. and a black that show of a yellow
jacket; white off her long Spongebob
2 Reading I trainers legs, and a Squarepants
Read or listen to the article and a white long-sleeved top with
once. Were any of your T-shirt, with T-shirt with matching
descriptions similar to the a watch that stripes high heels and bag. Whether
ones in the article? completes the outfit. The that match the colour of the you like it or not, you cant
ripped jeans say, I dont trousers and her lipstick. deny this girl has style!
3 Reading II care! but he clearly does care Her handbag wand umbrella
Read the article again. Then, about style! match her black boots. GLOSSARY
write the name of person next stylish adj
to each statement. Marco Gigi Hadid someone who is stylish wears
fashionable clothes
1. Shes got a long-sleeved is wearing is wearing an outfit n
T-shirt on. a pair of a grey crop clothes that you wear together: a shirt and
pair of trousers; a jacket and skirt, etc.
2. Shes wearing an outfit blue jeans top with a ripped adj
ripped clothing has a hole in it
with a cartoon character and a grey pair of grey a look n
on it. sweatshirt side-slit someones look is the way they appear
from the clothes theyre wearing
3. Hes got a black leather with a black trousers. A tight adj
jacket and a pair of band of pair of silver tight clothing is very close to the body
it isnt big
sunglasses. colour that high heels long-sleeved adj
a long-sleeved T-shirt covers all your
4. Shes wearing a pair matches his complete arms
of silver high heels. black leather this side-slit adj
trousers with a side-slit have a hole in
5. Hes wearing some jacket. luxurious outfit perfectly. the side of them
ripped jeans. Theres luxurious adj
luxurious clothing is comfortable and
6. Shes got some dark a white T-shirt under the Leighton Meester has a expensive
fishnet (tights) adj
red high heels on. sweatshirt that goes with vintage 40s look built around tights with big holes in them. They look
7. Hes wearing a his trainers. The ring and different shades of green. like a net used for fishing
...deny... exp
hooded top and a sunglasses complement his Her dark green coat matches you cant deny this girl has style = you
bomber jacket. cool look. her light green French hat cant say this girl doesnt have style

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What is your country famous for? What do you think your country is number-one at? Why? What is the USA famous for? What do you think its
number-one for? Which country do you think eats the least meat as a proportion of its population? Which country eats the most? Which country do you think is the
most generous in the world? Why? Which country receives the most tourists?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as KET and TOEFL.


n article in the survey of around 50 items, railways (224,792km) and
Telegraph newspaper including clothing, taxi billionaires (540). Americans
looked at what fares, mobile phone bills also eat the most meat
countries are most famous and food and drink from (120kg per person, per year)
for. Here are some of both supermarkets and and own the most guns
the results. restaurants. (112.6 for every 100 residents.
The US also has the most
1 France 4 Mexico volcanoes: 173.
France receives the most According to the OECD, the
tourists in the world, with average citizen in Mexico
84.5 million having visited works 2,246 hours a year, or
the country in 2015. The USA 43.2 hours a week. This is
comes next, followed by more than any other nation.
Spain, China, and Italy. The other countries in the
list of the top five hardest-
working nations (in order)
are Costa Rica, South Korea,
Greece and Chile. Mexico
also has fewer bank holidays 7 Venezuela
(just seven) than any other Venezuela has the cheapest
nation. petrol in the world, at $0.01
a litre, against the global
average of $0.97. The country
has also produced the most
2 San Marino Miss World winners (6),
San Marino is the safest ahead of the UK (5), India
place in the world to drive, (5) and the USA (3). Finally,
Answers on page 44
with zero deaths per 100,000 it also has more protected
inhabitants according to land (53.9% of its territory),
1 Pre-reading figures by the World Health as a percentage of total land
Look at the questions below. Organization. area than any other nation.
See if you can answer them. 5 Myanmar Slovenia comes next
Which country do you Myanmar (Burma) is the with 53.6%
think... worlds most generous
...eats the least meat country. According to the
per person? Charities Aid Foundations
...has had the most 2016 World Giving Index,
Miss World winners? 91% of Myanmar residents
...has the most guns gave money to charity in the
per person? past year, 62% said they had
... has the least road helped a stranger, and 55%
deaths? 3 India claimed theyd done some
...has the most tourists? India eats less meat than volunteer work.
...has the most anywhere else on the planet How interesting!
billionaires? (just 4.4kg per person). the most to India is also the cheapest GLOSSARY
charity? country in the world safe adj
according to a Numbeo something safe isnt dangerous
2 Reading I a figure n
a number or statistic
Read or listen to the article the OECD abbr
the Organization for Economic
once to compare your ideas Cooperation and Development
a bank holiday n
from the Pre-reading activity. a public holiday
generous adj
3 Reading II 6 The United States
someone who is generous gives things
(time, money, etc.) to other people
Read the article again. Then, The USA is number-one a charity n
an organisation that helps poor people,
write the name of a country for lots of things: flight people with no homes, etc.
volunteer work n
next to each of the questions in departures (9,553,214 in work you do for a charity for free (you dont
the Pre-reading activity. 2014), roads (6,586,610km), receive a salary)

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What books have you read lately? What did you think of them? What types of books do you like
reading? Why? What are some of the best books youve ever read? Why were they so good? What books did you read as
a child? Why did you like them? What do you like or dislike about reading?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as KET and TOEFL.



BANNED! content, which involved a
fantasy about kissing a boy.

hat were some in the 1960s because it was All public
of your favourite seen to promote drug use. libraries
books as a child? in Chicago
Incredibly, many seemingly Where the once banned
inoffensive books have been Wild Things The Wonderful
banned in the US, often by Are (by Wizard of
parental groups*. Maurice Sendak) Oz (by L.
was banned Frank Baum) because of its
Where's in most ungodly influence for
Waldo? southern states because it depicting women in strong
(by Martin promoted witchcraft and leadership roles. Others
Handford) supernatural events. took offence to the ungodly
was once characters such as witches
banned A Colorado and flying monkeys.
because it library
showed a topless beachgoer. removed Incredible!
Winnie-the- and the
Pooh (by Chocolate *PARENTAL GROUPS
A. A. Milne) Factory Its relatively simple to ban
was removed a book in the States. First, a
Answers on page 44 (by Roald Dahl) because book is challenged by a parent
from libraries it encouraged a poor or a parental group. Then, the
1 Pre-reading because philosophy of life. library decides whether to ban
Look at the names of the some people the book or not.
books in the article. Which consider talking animals to A 1987 version
ones have you read? Which be an insult to god. of Little Red GLOSSARY
ones do you recognise? Riding Hood seemingly modifier
Why do you think they were James and (by the Brothers if something is seemingly true, it appears
to be true, even though it probably isnt
banned? Make notes. the Giant Grimm) caused inoffensive adj
Peach (by offence something inoffensive wont make
2 Reading I Roald Dahl) was because it
anyone angry, sad, upset, etc.
to ban vb
Read or listen to the article banned from showed Little Red Riding if you ban something, you tell people
they cant have or use it
once to compare your ideas an elementary Hood carrying a bottle of topless adj
with no shirt or top on
from the Pre-reading activity. school in wine in her basket. to remove vb
Texas because it included the if you remove something from a library
3 Reading II word ass. Lord of the
(for example), you take it away from the
Read the article again. Flies (by an ass n US
the part of your body you sit on. An arse
Then, answer the questions. Harriet the William Golding) in British English
to talk back phr vb
1. Why was Wheres Spy (by Louise was banned if a child talks back, he/she talks to a
Waldo? banned? Fitzhugh) was because it parent in a rude and disrespectful way
to curse vb
2. Why didnt some removed implies that to say bad words (swear words)
people like James and from several humans are to challenge vb
if you challenge something, you question
Giant Peach? schools nothing more than animals, it and try to change it
supernatural adj
3. What did some people because it which is the whole point of supernatural things or forces are magical
think Where the Wild taught children to lie, spy, the book! to encourage vb
if you encourage someone to do
Things Are promoted? talk back and curse. something, you try to make them do it
4. What was wrong The 50th to cause offence exp
to make someone angry, sad or upset
with an image of a Alice in anniversary the point n
the point of something is the reason for it
basket in Little Red Wonderland edition of a fantasy n
Riding Hood? (by Lewis The Diary of a dream or nice situation you think about
and want to happen
5. What was the sexual Carroll) was a Young Girl to depict vb
content some people challenged (by Anne Frank) to show
to take offence exp
didnt like in Anne by many was removed if someone takes offence, they become
angry, sad or upset about something
Franks book? institutions because of its sexual

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Blog! on learning English!
Answers on page 44

1 Pre-listening
Read the sentences below. Write I (Increase) or D (Decrease)
next to each bolded term depending on its meaning.
1. Prices rose last year.
2. Costs went down by 6% in the last quarter.
3. There will be a slight rise in costs next year.
4. Sales dropped to their lowest level in six years.
5. Costs went up by 3% last year.
6. Sales were down by 5% last year.
7. Costs had risen to $40 per unit by the
end of the first quarter.

2 Listening I
Youre going to listen to someone who is explaining
sales figures.
Listen once and make a note of any
expressions from the Pre-listening activity.

3 Listening II
Listen again. Then, mark the sales figures
on graph for the
following moments:
1. The start of January
2. The end of March Note!
3. The middle of June Dont read the
audio script until
4. The end of July youve completed
5. The end of September the exercises and Listening activity!

How to describe
6. The end of October activities.
7. The end of November
8. The end of December

sales figures!
Job talk Presentation
This graph shows our sales figures for the past 12 months.
The X axis has the months of the year on it, and the Y axis
has sales in millions of dollars. Sales at the start of January
were $15m, and had risen to $25m by the end of March. They
continued to rise until mid-June, reaching a peak of $38m.

By the end of July, sales had dropped down to $17m, where

they stayed until the end of August. Sales rose sharply after
that, reaching $32m by the end of September, then dropped
to $9m at the end of October. Sales rose again in November
reaching $14m by the end of the month, but went down
again in December, ending the year at around $10m.

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Here are some useful words for talking about jobs.

1 1The economy
Accountant 2 Baker 3 Barman / barwoman
Someone who
looks after the
finances in an
He worked as
an accountant for
several years.

Someone who makes Someone who serves

bread or cakes. drinks in a bar.
He works as a baker in a I had a job as a barman in a
large bakery. pub in Central London once.

4 Chef 5 Dentist 6 Doctor

Someone who
Someone who looks after Someone who cures
prepares and peoples teeth. people and looks after
cooks food. All the dentists their health.
Shes a top in this clinic have After qualifying as a doctor,
chef in an Italian at least 10 years she worked in a hospital in
restaurant. experience. London for 10 months.

7 Flight attendant 8 Hairdresser 9 Judge

Someone who looks after Someone who sentences

passengers on a plane. Someone who cuts and people to prison, etc.
The flight attendant brought styles peoples hair. during a trial.
us an extra blanket because it She works as a hairdresser The judge sentenced the
was cold. in a hair salon. accused to 6 months in prison.

10 Lawyer 11 Nurse 12 Optician 13 Sales assistant

Someone who Someone who

defends and looks after Someone who sells goods
prosecutes people patients in a Someone who looks after and looks after customers
during a trial. hospital. peoples eye sight. in a shop.
The lawyer stood up The nurse took The optician recommended I The sales assistant showed me
to present her case. my temperature. should change my glasses. where the changing rooms were.

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files our website:
Answers on page 44

1 Pre-listening
What questions do interviewers
ask, or what do they ask you to
talk about during job interviews?
Make a list of as many things as
you can think of. For example:
What qualifications
have you got? Note!
Tell me a bit about Dont read the
audio script until
your experience. youve completed
Etc. the exercises and
2 Listening I
Youre going to listen to someone
who is giving a job interview
presentation. Instead of a typical
interview with the interviewer
asking questions, the candidate
gives a presentation. Interviewers
often ask interviewees to do this
to see what their presentation
skills are like. Listen once.
Were any of the questions or
statements you thought of for the
Pre-listening activity mentioned? Listening activity!
Listening II
How to do a job
Listen again. Then, choose the
correct words.

interview presentation!
1. Im really excited about
this post as the Head of

2. Id just like to start with
one of my favourite Job talk Presentation
quotes by Albert Good morning and thank you so much for Portuguese and Russian.
. inviting me here today. Im really excited
3. Everyone is a genius, about this post as the Head of Languages I really feel I have the right kind of experience
but if you judge a fish and the possibility of working here, and I for this job. When I finished my teaching
on its ability to climb a really feel that Ive got the necessary skills qualification at Bristol University, I taught
tree, itll spend the rest and experience for this position. French and English literature for several
of its life thinking its years in a state school in Bristol. Ive
. Before I begin, Id just like to start with one also worked in Brazil, Russia and Italy as
4. I have a degree in of my favourite quotes by Albert Einstein. an English teacher, and I taught English
English Literature from And it goes something like this, Everyone composition for four years in a secondary
the University of is a genius, but if you judge a fish on its school in London. Im a very keen writer
ability to climb a tree, itll spend the rest of myself and Im actually in the middle of
5. and a Post Graduate its life thinking its stupid. I love this quote writing my first novel.
Certificate of Education because it really ties in with my teaching
from the University of philosophy, and, I think, the philosophy of Over the years, Ive demonstrated my ability
. this school, which is to encourage everyone to contribute positively to the places where
6. Im also fluent in five according to their abilities. I work. For example, while I was in Brazil,
languages: French, Spanish, I collaborated on a project to develop an
Italian, Portuguese and Now, Id like to tell you a bit about my online language learning system. I did much
. educational background and experience. I of the writing for the exercises and listening
7. I taught have a degree in English Literature from the activities. As part of that I worked in a large
and English literature for University of London, and a Post Graduate team, but also did lots of work outside
several years in a state Certificate of Education from the University school hours in order to complete it in time,
school in Bristol. of Bristol. I have three areas of speciality: showing my ability to work both in a team
8. Ive also worked in Brazil, English Literature, English as a Foreign and individually.
Russia and Language, and French. Im also fluent in
as an English teacher five languages: French, Spanish, Italian, Now, Id just like to [fades out]

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How to de al TRACK 6: ENGLISHMAN


with bullies
What do you do when a bully insults,
mocks or ridicules you. Of course, the
thing you should do is get angry or upset
thats exactly what they want. So, what
can you do? One thing is to respond with
a funny or witty comment of your own.
Here are some you could use.

Bully: Youre ugly!

Responses: Yes, but at least Im pretty on
the inside. /
Too bad you cant Photoshop an ugly

Bully: Why dont you smile more?

Responses: I do, but just not when youre Bully: How old are you?
around. / Responses: Age really doesnt matter unless
If you could read my mind, you wouldnt youre a cheese or wine. /
be smiling. Dont you mean, how YOUNG am I?

Bully: Youre so tall!

Responses: Feeling small, are you? /
Wow, that's news! Ill contact the media.

Bully: Youre so short!

Responses: Im just concentrated awesome.
/ All the best things come in small GLOSSARY
a bully n
a strong person who attacks or hurts
(physically or mentally) a weaker person
to mock vb
Bully: You dont have any friends! if you mock someone, you laugh at them
Responses: Well, its better than having and make fun of them
to ridicule vb
fake friends. / if you ridicule someone, you laugh at
I do, only they wouldnt want to be them and make them appear stupid
witty adj
around someone like you. a witty comment is clever, intelligent
and funny
ugly adj
not beautiful; not nice
Bully: Its all your fault! (to be) around exp
if youre around a place, youre in that
Responses: Its cute when you blame place
everyone but yourself. / to read someones mind exp
to understand what someone is thinking
Dont blame me for your stupidity. concentrated modifier
concentrated orange juice, for example,
has only orange juice with all other
substances or liquid removed so its pure
Bully: Are you crazy? orange juice
awesome adj
Responses: Crazy is better than stupid. / wonderful, amazing, really great
a package n
You make it sound like it's a bad thing. this is for the definition
fake adj
not real
cute adj
Bully: You need to lose weight! nice and attractive
to blame vb
Responses: God loved me so much he if you blame someone for something
decided to supersize me. / bad, you say that theyre responsible
to supersize vb
It wouldnt be fair to all the thin people if if you supersize something, you make it
I were this intelligent, funny AND slim! very big

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it Is there a lot of crime in your country? What crimes are the most common or frequent? Have crime
figures been going up or down? Why do you think this is? What can be done to reduce crime figures related to car
thefts? What about burglaries? Which crimes are the most concerning? Why?
Exams This listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as KET and TOEFL.

Answers on page 44 Listening activity!

1 Pre-listening
What are the crime figures
for your country? Write Up
or Down next to each
statement according to the
crime figures in your country.
Guess if you dont know the
real answer.
1. Robberies (stealing
money or property, MY BIRTHDAY
often with violence) IS RIGHT

2. Vehicle thefts

3. Murders

4. Burglaries (theft from

a persons house)

5. The total number

of recorded crimes

2 Listening I
Youre going to listen to
someone who is talking about
crime figures. Listen once.
Then, write Up or Down
next to each category from
the Pre-listening activity.
How similar are the figures in
the recording to the figures for
your country?



Dont read the
audio script until
4. youve completed

How to present
the exercises and

information graphically!
3 Listening II
Listen again. Then, write a
number, percentage, etc.
for each category below (1 to
5) to explain any increases or Crime figures
decreases. So, as you can see in this first slide, robberies the lowest figure since 2003.
1. Robberies = have fallen by 14% compared to last year.
theyve fallen by 14% And this chart shows that the number of
2. Vehicle thefts And this graph shows that nationally the burglaries has fallen by 4% compared to last
number of vehicle thefts last year fell to its year, when there were 300,053 offences.
3. Murders lowest level in almost 30 years. There were
128,000 thefts last year, compared to nearly And as you can see in this slide,
4. Burglaries 400,000 thirty years ago. the total number of recorded crimes fell to
3,976,312, the first time the figure has fallen
5. The total number Now, if you look at this slide, youll see that below four million since 1999.
of recorded crimes the total number of murders is also down
from 638 last year to 550 this year, which is And now, Id like you to look at... [fades out]

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What are your top

tips for saving money? Photos and interviews by Georgie & Danielle

When people talk
informally, they often
Danielle (USA, Bryan (USA, writer) use non-standard
wildlife enthusiast) English.

To save money, I have to

take my portion of my
pay check out from the Well, my trick for saving
very beginning otherwise money is generally I try to
Im just fooling myself get my friends to buy the
and Ill spend everything drinks, but another one
I have every month. that I can use is creating
a pre-month budget. That
way you can identify how
much money you can
spend in a given month
and you can tell if youre
going over that.

My best tip for

saving money
Georgina (England, would be always James (New Zealand,
Olympic swimmer) to pay in cash travel writer)
rather than using
your debit or credit I think my top tips for
card, I sometimes saving money would
get carried away be to stop eating out
if I dont have the and going to bars.
money in my hand. Erm, I think most of
the money I seem
to waste is going to
restaurants and and,
drinking with friends,
and so its to shop
at the supermarket
more, and cook more
at home.

a pay check n US
Leslie (France, JohnMichael (USA, a salary in British English (the money you
HR manager) business owner) get from your job)
to fool yourself exp
if you fool yourself that something is true,
you trick yourself into believing its true,
To save money even though it isnt
a trick n
I usually write an intelligent or clever idea for doing
down what Im something
a budget n
spending in a fixed amount of money that you can use
a book and I for something
try to plan out to pay in cash exp
to pay with coins (metal money) or notes
what Im going (paper money), not by credit card, etc.
to eat and what to get carried away exp
if you get carried away, you become
Ill be spending excited by something and lose control
for each week. to eat out phr vb
I get paid on a to go to a restaurant to have dinner (not at
Whenever Im monthly salary, to waste n
tempted to buy so I try to if you waste money, you spend it on
things you dont need
something, I always budget myself to be tempted exp
ask myself if its a also within if youre tempted to do something, that
want or a need. each month. thing attracts you and makes you want
to do it

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Objective To improve your listening and reading skills.
Think about it What furniture do you have at home? Whats your favourite piece of furniture? Why do you like it? Whats your least favourite?
Why dont you like it? Whats the oldest piece of furniture youve got? Where did you get it? Whats the most valuable piece of furniture youve
got? How much is it worth? What furniture would you like to buy? Why? Where do you get your furniture? Why do you get it from there?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as PET and TOEFL.
SPACE! By Kaitlyn Locke

o you need a bit strong enough to hold all a unique looking wardrobe.
more space at that food!
home? Want to
save money on expensive
furniture? Why not try some
of these unusual ideas?

Foldable furniture
Answers on page 44 Is it a bed? Or is it a desk?
Surprise, it can be both! A How clever!
1 Pre-reading popular trend these days Floating Shelves
Look at the pictures of the is multi-purpose foldable Floating shelves are the GLOSSARY
pieces of furniture. What furniture pieces of shelves of the future. Theyre a trend n
do you think they are for? furniture that can be folded basically pieces of wood that something that people are doing;
something that has become popular
Whats unusual about them? and used for a variety of get fixed to the wall. And you foldable adj
Make notes. purposes. For example, this can space them out to be as something foldable can be folded: you
can move it so one part covers another
foldable bed also functions close or as far apart as youd to fold vb
2 Reading I as a desk. How clever! like. Or you can get creative: if you fold something, you move it so one
part covers another
Read or listen to the article line them up in horizontal a magnet n
a piece of iron (a metal: fe) that attracts
once to compare your ideas rows to mimic a bookshelf; other iron
from the Pre-reading activity. or spread them out in a cabinet n
a piece of furniture (often fixed on the wall)
unusual patterns. with doors for putting things in
3 Reading II to hang vb
if you hang something from an object,
Read the article again. Then, you put it on the object so it is attached
to it
complete the sentences with a lid n
the words below. the top part of a container that you turn in
order to open it
Magnetic storage a shelf n
magnet branch desk Not enough room in the a thin, flat piece of wood, metal, etc. that
you can put things on
ceiling cabinet wood kitchen? Why not try some to space out phr vb
if you space out objects, you put them at
magnetic storage? The different distances from each other
1. The foldable bed also idea is simple: install a Hanging rods a row n
a line of things with one in front of the
functions as a large, strong magnet to the Take advantage of high other, or one on top of the other
2. You can install a strong bottom of a kitchen cabinet. ceilings by installing hanging a ceiling n
the top part of a room (above your head)
magnet to the bottom of Then, hang metal objects rods. Theyre basically a rod n
a thin, long piece of metal
a kitchen from the magnet instead of long tubes that are used to sturdy adj
3. You can hang jars with leaving them on the kitchen hang things clothes, for strong
a branch n
metal lids on the table. This is especially easy example! If youre looking to the part of a tree that leaves grow from
4. Floating shelves are to do with jars and other get creative, you could even to spray paint exp
to paint something by pushing a button on
basically pieces of glass containers. Just get go into a forest and find a a can (a metal container) that is full of paint
to mount vb
5. Hanging rods are ones with magnetic lids large, sturdy branch to use if you mount A to B, you fix or put A
installed on the and organise them in rows as a rod instead of a metal onto B
hey presto! excl
6. Instead of a metal rod, under the magnet and one. Spray paint it, mount it, we use this expression when something
you could use a sturdy then hope the magnet is and, hey presto!, youve got happens quickly as if by magic

14 / / Improve your English with our fantastic language course book series: English Unlocked! Visit our shop at:
Objective To improve your listening and reading skills.
Think about it What languages can you speak? How did you learn them? Have you ever practised speaking the language? Who
did you speak with? Have you ever made a mistake when speaking a language? What did you say? How did the other people react? How
serious was the mistake? Have you ever made the mistake again? How can you avoid making mistakes when speaking a language?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as PET and TOEFL.
FUNNY? By Giulia Martinelli

Answers on page 44

1 Pre-reading MISTAKES!
Look at the words or e asked a few look. At the time, I didnt University. I wanted to share
expressions below. In what people about the understand why, but the the good news with a friend
way could they be connected language mistakes following day one of my and I said, I cant wait to go
to language mistakes? What they made when speaking a friends explained that the to Yale, but I pronounced
do you think the mistake was? foreign language. Here are a expression Im high Yale as jail. My friend
Make notes. few of their funny stories. means that you feel strange seemed very concerned and
in your head because asked why I wanted to go to
butter donkey Im high I was in a bar in Spain youve taken drugs. jail. I replied, Because its
embarrassed pregnant having breakfast with some [Hwan, South Korea] one of the best universities in
toast and jam. I wanted the world! I said. Then, she
Yale jail some butter to put on my Last summer I went on began to laugh and told me
toast. In Italian butter is holiday to Spain with my that where I actually wanted
2 Reading I burro. As Spanish and family. I was at a restaurant to go was Yale, and that jail
Read or listen to the article Italian are very similar and I bumped into a waiter is another word for prison.
once to compare your ideas languages, I asked the carrying some glasses of I will definitely never make
from the Pre-reading activity. waiter for some burro. water that fell to the ground that mistake again.
Unfortunately he didnt and smashed. I wanted to [Pablo, Spain]
3 Reading II understand me, which was say that I was sorry and that I
Read the article again. Then, probably because burro was embarrassed. So, I said, GLOSSARY
answer the questions. means donkey in Spanish! Perdn, perdn! Yo soy muy butter n
a soft, yellow substance (made from cream)
1. What was Francesca [Francesca, Italy] embarazada! The waiter that you put on bread, toast, etc.
eating in a bar? immediately looked at my a donkey n
a type of animal like a horse but with
2. What did she want for I was in New York City and belly and asked me if I was bigger ears
out loud exp
her toast? it was my first time in an hurt. He made me sit on a if you say something out loud, you say it
3. What did she ask for in English-speaking country. I chair and told me not to worry. so everyone can hear it
to bump into phr vb
Spanish? had never studied English Later, I found out that Id told if you bump into someone, you hit that
4. What does Im so before and I was there to him that I was pregnant person accidentally with your body
to smash vb
high also mean? learn it. One night I was because embarazada if you smash a glass, you break it into lots
of little pieces
5. What does it mean out with a few international means pregnant in Spanish embarrassed adj
if you say youre students and native English and not embarrassed. if you feel embarrassed, you feel bad,
stupid or shy about something you did
embarazada in speakers and we went to a [Sally, England] a belly n
Spanish? pub. The chair I was sitting a stomach; a tummy
pregnant adj
6. Which word has the on was very high, so I said I was in the United States if a woman is pregnant, she has a baby
inside her
same initial sound as out loud, Im so high! My and I had an interview for concerned adj
jail: joke or yoke? friends gave me a strange a medical program at Yale worried

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What TV series did you watch as a child? Why did you like them? Who starred in them? Have you ever
seen a Disney TV series? Which one? What did you think of it? Are there any famous child or teen stars in your country?
Who are they? Why were they famous? What did they do as adults? How successful are they these days?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as PET and TOEFL.
By Giulia Martinelli


hey starred in Disney focusing on LGBT youth, used their popularity to
Answers on page 44
shows as kids. Now, Miley explained in a influence and help others
theyve grown up. But YouTube video. which is probably why
1 Pre-reading how have they adapted to their fans have loved and
What do you think its like to be their new lives as adults? Selena Gomez supported them over the
a child or teenage star? What Selena Gomez was the years!
are the pros and cons? How Miley Cyrus main character on Disneys
would it change or affect your Miley Cyrus started her 2008 teen series Wizards GLOSSARY
life? Discuss with a partner. career at the age of 12. She of Waverly Place. Later, she to grow up phr vb
to become an adult, or the process of
starred in the teen series formed a band, Selena becoming one
2 Reading I Hannah Montana. Miley Gomez & The Scene. They a career n
the job you choose to do for most of your
Youre going to read about two played the part of a girl with released a few albums working life
teenage stars who are now two different lives: Miley together before Selena to deal with phr vb
if you deal with a problem, you find a
famous as adults: Miley Cyrus Cyrus an ordinary teen embarked on a solo career. solution to it
fame n
and Selena Gomez. Think of with typical problems; and She kept up her acting the act of being famous
three questions to ask about Hannah Montana, a singer career, and did voiceovers a hit n
a very popular song
either one of them. Then, read who has to deal with fame. for characters in animated a debut album n
the article once. Did you find The show was a big hit. In films such as Hotel the first album a singer or group produces
in her own right exp
the answers to any of your 2007 Mileys album Hannah Transylvania. She was also if youre famous in your own right,
youve become famous through your own
questions? Montana 2: Meet Miley Cyrus an executive producer for good work, and no one helped you
came out. It was a double the Netflix series 13 Reasons to release vb
3 Reading II CD: the first CD had the Why. But despite all the
if an album is released, it appears in
shops and you can buy it
Read the article again. Then, soundtrack for the second work, shes also found to go on tour exp
if a band goes on tour, they do concerts
answer the questions. season of Hannah Montana; time for charity work. At in lots of different cities or countries
a coach n
1. When did the album the other CD was Miley the age of 17, she became someone who helps other people do
Hannah Montana 2: Cyrus debut album. These the youngest UNICEF something (a sport, play music, etc.). In
this case, Miley is helping singers in the
Meet Miley Cyrus days, Miley is a successful ambassador. She also TV show The Voice
come out? star in her own right. Shes promoted the Trick-or-Treat a charity event n
a concert, etc. to get money for a charity
2. Which TV show did Miley released several albums, campaign to get children (an organisation that helps poor people,
people with no homes, etc.)
work on as a coach? she regularly goes on tour, and their families to raise an aim n
3. Whats the name of the and she was the youngest money during Halloween an objective; something you want to do
LGBT (people) abbr
non-profit organisation coach to join The Voice TV to help less fortunate Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, (and) Transgender
she founded? show. She is also active children around the world. (people)
a solo career n
4. Which TV series did in humanitarian projects. Kids want to help, you just if a band member starts a solo career,
they leave the band and start singing on
Selena Gomez star in? She has sung at several need to tell them how and their own
5. Which film has she charity events and shes the encourage them, Selena a voiceover n
the voice for a cartoon character in an
done some voiceover founder of the non-profit said while speaking about animated film
work for? organisation The Happy the campaign. to raise money exp
to get money
6. Which campaign did Hippie Foundation. Their to encourage vb
if you encourage someone to do
she promote during aim is to fight injustice Despite their fame, these something, you give them confidence and
Halloween? in our world, specifically former-Disney stars have help them do that thing

16 / / Want to do an internship with Hot English? For more information, e-mail:
Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it How easy or difficult is it to buy a house or property in your country? What taxes are there? How much paperwork is there to fill out?
What additional charges are there? How fast is the process? Have you ever bought a property? Where? Why? How easy or difficulty was it? What problems were
there? Who helped with the process? How helpful was the bank you were dealing with?

Exams This listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as PET and TOEFL.
Listening activity!

Answers on page 44

1 Pre-listening
Look at the list of different
types of property below. Write
Up or Down according
to whether you think prices
for these properties are going
up or down in your country
right now. Guess if you arent
1. Residential property
prices in the country as
a whole
2. Residential property
prices in the capital
3. Residential rental
prices in the country as
a whole
4. Residential rental
prices in the capital
5. Office rental prices
outside the capital
6. Office rental prices Note!
inside the capital Dont read the
audio script until
2 Listening I youve completed
the exercises and
Youre going to listen to activities.
someone who is talking

How to describe trends!

about property prices.
Listen once. How similar or
different were your answers
from the Pre-listening activity
to the ones in the recording? Property Prices
Now, Id like to look at property prices for interest rates also helped to inflate these
3 Listening II the second quarter. New figures show that property prices.
Listen again. Then, write a residential property prices in the country as
figure, price or percentage a whole fell by 1.3% in the second quarter. In the rental market, there was a slight
next to each category (1 to 6) However, this trend seems to have ended as rise of 0.4% in residential rental prices
from the Pre-listening activity. prices went up slightly in the month of May; for properties in the country as a whole.
All figures refer to the second and this is the first time that prices have However, rental prices in the capital for a
quarter. For example: gone up on a national level since September one-bedroom flat rose substantially from
1. Residential property prices of last year. 900 a month to 955. The commercial
in the country as a rental market has remained steady outside
whole = They fell by 1.3%. Residential property prices in the capital the capital, with prices for a 100-metre office
2. went up by 3.9% in the second quarter, staying at around 620 per month;
3. with the average price for a two-bedroom whereas the same office in the capital rose
4. apartment at 385,000. This was mostly due from 915 to around 935 a month.
5. to purchases by foreign investors. The lack
6. of available properties, and historically low Now, Id just like you to look at... [fades out]


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One of the Most Chilling Mysteries of All Time. ONE BY ONE, THEY

Ten people. A luxury resort. A poem that
predicts death. Sound horrifying? Its the Agatha Christie
story of the 1939 Agatha Christie thriller. is a renowned
novelist, most
famous for her
crime stories.
Christie was born in Torquay,
England and began her career
with the novel The Mysterious
Affairs at Styles (1920). She is
known for her plot twists and
surprise endings, as well as two
of her most famous detective

characters, Hercule Poirot
nd Then There Were None is a 1939 They assume that theres someone attacking GLOSSARY
and Miss Marple. Christies
whodunit murder mystery. It tells the them from outside the group, but as fewer personal life was just as
story of ten people on the seemingly remain, they begin to suspect each other. The mysterious as the novels she
wrote. She was first married to
peaceful Soldier Island. Eight of the constant fear and curiosity have tremendous Archibald Christie, who had
guests are invited to the island by owner Mr psychological effects on the guests. The police numerous affairs. The two
U.N. Owen, and the other two are the resorts arrive on the island but they are baffled too. divorced in 1928. Christie later
housekeepers. On their first night, the guests No one can solve the crime. married Sir Max Mallowan,
an archaeologist whose travels
anxiously await a welcome from the host, inspired her book Murder in
but he never arrives. The guests soon realise But why these ten people? It turns out the Mesopotamia (1936) as well
that theyre completely disconnected from guests arent as random as we think. On as others. Many of her stories
have been made into films,
the outside world, and that theres no way to the first night, each person reveals their especially those starring Poirot
escape the island or their mysterious lodging. disturbing past. Every member of the party and Marple.
has been involved in some way with the
Several scary things happen on Soldier murder or death of another person, but was
Island. Early on, the guests find ten glass never held responsible or brought to legal GLOSSARY
a whodunit n
soldier figurines on the dining room table. justice. Many of the characters are stricken a novel, film or play about a murder and
Theres also a framed poem in each of their with guilt and remorse about their pasts, but in which the identity of the murderer isnt
known until the end
bedrooms entitled Ten Little Soldiers. The others feel no moral responsibility. Will each lodging n
poem describes the fate of ten people, and person get what they deserve? And who is a room in someones house where
someone stays or a place someone stays
explains in detail the way each one dies. It the one deciding their punishments? temporarily, such as a resort or hotel
a figurine n
ends with the line, One little soldier boy left a small plastic, metal, etc. model of a person
all alone, he went out and hanged himself And Then There Were None has gained to hang vb
to die by tying a rope around the neck and
and then there were none. incredible popularity and positive reviews preventing someone from breathing
from critics over the years. The book was cyanide n
a very poisonous substance
One by one, as the poem predicts, the hard to write about when it first came out to mystify vb
if you are mystified by something, you
guests die. The first one drinks cyanide. As because many critics were scared to give find it impossible to understand
the poem says, one choked his little self. away too much of the plot. There have been baffled adj
if something baffles you, you find it hard
The next never wakes up, after movies based on the book, which to understand or explain
taking a sleeping pill, following all received critical acclaim. to turn out phr vb
to happen in a particular way
the poems line, one overslept There have also been television brought to justice exp
to be punished for a crime by being arrested
himself. As each guest dies, programmes, theatre productions, and tried in a court of law
another glass soldier is mysteriously and video games based on the to be stricken with guilt exp
if someone is stricken with guilt, they feel
removed from the table, which novel. The ending has been bad about something they did
creates tension and fear among adapted for several film and stage remorse n
a strong feeling of guilt and regret
each remaining guest. productions. But, unlike the glass to give away phr vb
if you give away information, you tell
soldiers on the table, the mystery someone that information
The guests are completely and suspense of this novel has to receive critical acclaim exp
if a book receives critical acclaim, people
mystified by the crimes. never disappeared. say good things about it

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At the


Shawn and Keira are at the

ticket office. They want to get
some tickets for a concert.
[Listen once. Then, complete with
Singer Guitarist Drummer Bass guitarist the correct words.]
S: Shawn T: Ticket office:

S: Hi, wed like to get some

(1) for tomorrows
T: Do you want to sit down, or
did you want tickets for the
Keyboards player Saxophonist Amp Mic (microphone) S: Whats the difference in price?
T: Well, unreserved seats in the
(2) are $35. Theyre
high up so you get a good view.
And tickets for the (3)
are $25 thats the area in
front of the stage. You have to
stand up there, but you can get
Backing group / closer to the (4) .
Brass section backing singers Leads / guitar leads S: OK, then two tickets for the
floor, please.
T: Thatll be $50, please. Are you
S: Yes!
T: If you can show me some
student ID, theres a (5)
, so the total is $42.
S: Oh, thanks. Here you are.
Turnstile Ticket Seat [He shows her their student
ID cards and gives her a credit
More words card.] So, what time does the
Ticket office the place of people at a concert. It is also known as the band come on?
where you buy tickets for Discount a reduction in upper view. T: At 10pm, but theres a
a concert. the price for your concert Support band a band (6) band, Ace Trace,
Stage the raised (high) tickets. who plays before the main at 9pm, theyre pretty good.
area where the band plays. Car park the place where band comes on. S: OK. Great. Thanks. Do we need
Venue a general word you can leave your car Gig an informal word for to get here early or anything?
for the place where a during the concert. a concert. T: If want to get close to the
band plays. This could be Setlist / song list the Merchandising the (7) , you should get
a concert hall (specially list of the songs a band products that are branded here at least an hour before
for musical events) or a wants to play during the with the bands name, etc.: the concert starts.
stadium (which may also concert. T-shirts, caps, bags, etc. S: OK, great. Oh, and one last
be used for sports events). Floor the area in front Tour a series of live question, where can we park?
Cloakroom the place of the stage. You often concerts that a band gives in T: Theres a (8) behind
where you leave your have to stand here. It is different cities or countries. the concert hall. Just follow the
coats or bags. also sometimes called Encore when a band/ directions!
Tout / scalper person the stalls. artist comes back on S: Great! Thanks a lot.
who sells tickets illegally, Circle the high area in a stage after it has ended to T: Youre welcome. Enjoy the
often for very high prices. concert hall where you can play one more song concert!
Crowd the large group sit and watch the band. the encore. S: Thanks! Bye!

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Real language in action
By Destini Harrell
13 Reasons Why is a TV series based
on a novel of the same name by Jay
Asher. The series was directed by Tom
McCarthy and co-produced by Selena
Gomez. Its about a 16-year-old high
school girl called Hannah who commits
suicide. She leaves a box full of cassette
tapes. On the tapes, she gives the 13
reasons why she decided to kill herself.
This TV series addresses several controversial topics
such as suicide, bullying and also homosexuality. In the
following scene, Tony, who was close to Hannah, comes
Try this Betty Crocker recipe for Stuffed Peppers. out to his best friend Clay.

1 2 3 4

Ingredients 5 6 7 8
1 4 large bell peppers (red, orange and green)
2 1 pound of minced meat (ground meat in US English)
3 2 tablespoons of chopped onion
4 1 cup cooked rice
5 1 teaspoon of salt
6 1 clove of garlic (finely chopped)
7 1 tin of pasta sauce (tomato sauce in US English)
8 Three-quarters of a cup of mozzarella cheese

1. Cut the stem from the bell peppers. Remove the seeds The script
and rinse them. Then, cook Clay: I dont know. I wish Id known, though... why you cared so
them in boiling water for VIDEO much about Hannah. I kept trying to figure it out. I thought
about five minutes to soften maybe.... I thought maybe you were in love with her.
them up. Watch the chef make the stuffed Tony: Clay, you know Im gay, right?
2. In a frying pan, cook the beef peppers. Search YouTube Clay: What? No, I didnt know that. How was I supposed to know
for How to Make Stuffed
and onion on a medium heat Peppers with Betty Crocker. that?
for 8 to 10 minutes. Stir the Tony: I thought everyone knew it.
mixture occasionally until Clay: I dont think everyone knows that!
the beef is brown. GLOSSARY Tony: I think a lot of people know it. (he pauses) Wait, wait, wait, wait.
3. Add the cooked rice, salt, a stem n Did you think that I was like
garlic, and three-quarters of the stem of a plant is the thin, vertical
part that the flower or plant grows from just friends with Ryan? VIDEO
the pasta sauce to the frying the small
a seed n
hard part of a plant from which
Clay: Well, yes, I guess so. Watch the clip from the film.
pan and cook for a few more a new plant grows Tony: [he laughs] You think Search YouTube for 13 Reasons
minutes. to rinse vb
to clean with water
I would be friends with a Why Tony comes out to Clay
4. Heat the oven to 180C boiling water exp guy like Ryan?
water that is at 100C
(350F). Then, place the to soften up phr vb Clay: Yes, Id think youd be, GLOSSARY
peppers in an oven dish. to make soft (not hard)
a frying pan n
cause apparently you went to commit suicide exp
Stuff the peppers with the an object used to cook food in oil out with him. to kill yourself
a cassette tape n
beef and tomato mixture to stir vb
if you stir food, you move it in order to
Tony: Theyre different things, an object used to play music or sound. It
and pour the remaining mix it and cook it trust me. was used before CDs and was rectangular
an oven n and flat and had a long thin tape in it
pasta sauce over the top of an electrical device for cooking that is like Clay: So that guy Brad... Is he close to exp
the peppers. a box with a door. You heat it and cook
food inside it
your boyfriend now? if youre close to someone, you're good
friends with them
5. Cover the top of dish with foil an oven dish n Tony: I hope hes still my to come out phr vb
and bake in the oven for 10 a special plate or container that you can
put in an oven (see previus entry)
boyfriend. Hes been pretty iftheyre
someone comes out, they say that
gay (a homosexual)
minutes. Then, remove the to stuff vb annoyed lately, because to figure out phr vb
if you stuff food A into food B, you put if you figure something out, you
foil and bake for an additional food A into food B Ive been spending all my understand what it means
15 minutes. When the foil n
a type of metal as thin as paper that is
time with another guy. I guess so exp
I think so / I imagine so
peppers are ready, sprinkle used to protect or preserve food [He pauses.] You! a guy n inform
some cheese on top. to bake vb
to cook food in an oven (see previous entry)
Clay: Oh, right. You mean with an informal word for a man
to go out with exp
to sprinkle vb the tapes and all, not in a if you go out with someone, you have a
if you sprinkle food (such as cheese) on relationship with them
Now your stuffed peppers are top of a dish, you put a bit of cheese on romantic way. trust me exp
ready to eat! top of the dish Tony: Sure. believe me!

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By Giulia M




: EN


WITH SOCIAL ME a n ta g e o f
rn a langu
this to lea .

t take adv guage skil

n e tw o rk s? Why no improve your lan
on social ing sites to
ti m e d o you spend use social network
How muc me ideas on how to
re a re s o
lets you
Mark share
Zuckenberg longer
created videos.
Facebook in English teachers often upload video
2004 to help lessons on topics you could be interested
ect with each
university students conn in, such as pronunciation. There are also
ys, Fac eb oo k brings
other. These da lots of songs in English that you can sing
le from all over
together millions of peop along to, some complete with the lyrics.
r English, you
the world. To improve you on a topic Or you could watch clips in English
k gro up
could join a Faceboo from your favourite TV series or films,
such as your
that youre interested in, which is great for your listening skills.
tball team, or a
favourite TV show or a foo e. Then, you and writing skills by reading posts and
e tim
hobby you do in your fre commenting on them.
g and writing
could practise your readin mmenting
d co
skills by reading posts an
on them.

Instagram Snapchat
Instagram lets With Snapchat, everything
you edit and you share is only online for
share photos 24 hours. This means that
and up to 60 you can post pictures and
seconds of videos of your everyday life,
video. Although then theyll disappear the
its mostly based on photo next day. You could follow
s and videos,
people sometimes write sho famous people who write in English.
rt captions
for their pictures, and the Model Gigi Hadid regularly posts about
videos often
have audio, so theyre gre her photo shoots from around the world.
at for your
reading and listening skills. Rihanna, Ariana Grande, Justin Bieber and
of famous people on Instag ere are lots Meghan Trainor are also Snapchat users.
ram, such as
Bruno Mars, Snoop Dogg, However, try following a mixture of British
Jessica Alba,
Cristiano Ronaldo and eve and American speakers so that you get
n Pope Francis,
who has over 400 million used to both accents.

24 / / For Skype / Telephone speaking classes, e-mail

er r, each tweet
With itte Whatsapp
can only be a maximum Whatsapp became pa
rt of the Facebook
of 140 characters, family in 2014. This
useful app lets you
so the messages are message your friends
, create groups and
short. This is great for share pictures, amon
g many other things.
your English as theyre Whatsapp could be
easier to understand, too. If you write mes t for your English
sages in English, th
but still full of useful autocorrect feature e
helps you learn from
language. Sign up to a your spelling mistak
ardian, The New es.
news site such as The Gu public chat groups th And there are lots of
ton Post, CNN or at you can join. Sim
York Times, The Washing pick a category (edu ply
y up-to-date and cation, entertainmen
the BBC so you can sta health, music, sports, t,
sh . Or follow famous technology, travel,
improve your Engli among many others)
can find out what and join a group.
people on Twitter so you But remember, you
have to give your ph
theyre up to. number to people yo one
u dont know, so
maybe think before
you join!

Goodreadsds is a
social network for
people who love
reading. Its like
a personal online
library where you
can classify your GLOSSARY
books according a social network n
a website where you can connect with
to the ones youve people, send messages, comment on
read, the ones youre things, upload photos, etc.. The general
term for these sites is social media
reading and the ones to bring together phr vb

you want to read.

if you bring people together, you allow
them to connect with each other
Read suggestions a post n
on English books to improve your read
something you write or put on a social
you r writ ing by pos ting
skills; or, practise to share vb
if you share a photo (for example), you
your own book review.
Tumblr put it on a website so others can see it
to upload vb
to put something on a website, etc. from
Tumblr is a social network your computer, camera, etc.
for blogs. You can design a clip n
a small part of a video or film
your own blog and share you a caption n
thoughts, pictures, videos words under a photo that describe it
, to post vb
quotes and audio files. Or if you post something on a website, you
follow other blogs and get put it there
a photo shoot n
updates every time theres when theres a photo shoot, a
a new post and
comment on them too. Th photographer takes photos of a model

different categories and tho

ere are lots of
usands of blogs Yelp to sign up to exp
if you sign up to a social network (for

Feeling hungry but you

example), you complete a form, or give
to choose from, such as A
Well Traveled personal details, etc. so you can join it
Womans Tumblr, which has
quotes, music dont know where to to stay up-to-date exp

eat? Want to go out with

if you stay up-to-date, you learn about
and photography on travel
; or Move to all the latest news
Britain, which is full of photo your friends but arent (be) up to exp
s of towns and Yelp can tell
sure which bar to choose? restaurants
the things youre up to are the things
cities in the UK and the En
glish countryside en
youre doing
that you can read about or you where the closest op autocorrect n
comment on. , an d allo ws you to check out the autocorrect feature corrects any
or bars are people who
mistakes you make while youre writing
s by
photos and read review im prove your
a feature n
the re. To a feature of something is an interesting
have already been
the comments, or
or important part of it

English, you could read

a public chat group n
Dont worry about a group of people on a social network
practise writing reviews. who discuss a topic. As its public
na tive English
making mistakes (even
anyone can join it

sta kes wh en writing on a review n

speakers make mi a piece of writing about a book, film, etc.
to a short, simple
social media) just try
with your opinions of the book, film, etc.

a blog n
review to build up your a type of personal website where people
upload articles, photos, videos, etc.
a quote n
something that a famous person has said
g and rea
an update n

l networkin !
the latest information about something
G e t s o c ia h to build up phr vb
our Englis
improve y
if you build up your confidence, you
become more and more confident

For company classes or private tuition, contact: / / 25

Objective To improve your listening and reading skills.
Think about it Who are some of your favourite actors or actresses? What about sports people, business people or musicians? What do you know
about their personal lives? Have you ever seen an interview with them? What was the interview like? What did you learn? Who are some of the best
television interviewers in your country? Why are they good? Have you ever seen Carpool Karaoke? What do you think of it as an interview format?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as FCE, IELTS and TOEFL.
By Giulia Martinelli

here are lots of ways the belly. Bubbles came the world as a unique way to
to interview a star, out of the mouth, the eyes get stars to open up!
but Carpool Karaoke rolled back into place, the
is different. In The Late ambulance showed up and JAMES CORDEN
Late Show with James I handed the baby over, who James Corden (22nd August
Corden, comedian and TV was now breathing and fine, 1978) is an English comedian,
host James Corden invites and we went back to Carpool television host, producer,
guests to sing in his car Karaoke. actor and singer. He has
hosted the American late-
while they drive through night talk show The Late Late
the streets of Los Angeles. Another popular interview Show since 2015.
Between one song and was with ex-First Lady
another, James Corden Michelle Obama. Its one
interviews the stars (mostly of the few episodes that CARPOOL KARAOKE
singers). There have been isnt with a pop star. On Carpool Karaoke has its own
some interesting moments. top of that, it takes place in Youtube channel that attracts
lots of viewers. Other popular
Answers on page 44 the White House grounds. episodes were the ones with
One of the most popular Together, they talk about Justin Bieber, One Direction,
1 Pre-reading interviews was with Adele. her projects and how she Sia, Selena Gomez, Jennifer
Youre going to read an article A video of the interview on felt about leaving the White Lopez, Harry Styles, Demi
Lovato and Nick Jonas.
about the TV show Carpool YouTube reached over 42 House. At one point, Corden
Karaoke in which James Corden millions views in just five asked her what she was
interviews famous people. In days, and now has over 160 going to miss the most. GLOSSARY
one episode, one of the guests million. In the 14-minute The people, she said. I a view n
was involved in an emergency. episode, James and Adele mean, these are people you every time theres a view on a website,
someone looks at a video, photo, etc.
What do you think happened sing some of her hits, see every single day, they a hit n
during the show? Guess and including Hello, Someone like help you, they love you, you a very popular song
to show off phr vb
make notes. you, Rolling in the Deep, but know their families, she when you show off, you show people
how good you are at something
also the Spice Girls song added. to breathe vb
2 Reading I Wannabe, and Nicki Minaj's when you breathe, you take air into
your body
Read or listen to the article once Monster, where Adele shows At the time, shed just to thrust vb
to compare your ideas from the off her rapping skills. launched a new Snapchat if someone thrusts something at you,
they give it to you quickly
Pre-reading activity. account. She said that she CPR abbr
cardiopulmonary resuscitation an
The Red Hot Chili Peppers wanted kids to follow a emergency procedure when you push on
3 Reading II appeared on the show in trip to Africa to promote the heart to make it work, or put air into
someones lungs
Read the article again. June 2016. During filming, her initiative Let Girls locked shut exp
Then, answer the questions. singer Anthony Kiedis saved Learn! She explained how if something is locked shut, its closed
very tightly and wont open
1. What skills did Adele a babys life. The rock star she wanted to help girls to rub vb
if you rub a part of someones body, you
show off during her explained what happened around the world to get an move your hands over it and press down
interview? during an interview with education. So much could a belly n
a stomach; a tummy
2. Who talked to Anthony Radio Xs Chris Moyles, be corrected in the world to roll back into place exp
Kiedis about the Awoman came out of if girls were educated and to return to its original place in a circular
incident in the show? her house, holding a child, had power over their lives, to show up phr vb
to arrive
3. In what state was the saying, My baby, my baby, she explained. She also to hand over phr vb
baby when Anthony my baby cant breathe! We reminded students around to give
grounds n
handed it to the all ran across the street, the the world not to take their the area of land around a house, property
ambulance crew? woman thrust the baby into education for granted. The to miss vb
if you miss someone, you feel sad
4. Where did the interview my arms, the baby wasnt pair also sang Beyoncs because they arent with you any more
to launch vb
with Michelle Obama breathing and I thought, Single Lady and Stevie if you launch something, you start it
take place? Im gonna try and do a little Wonders Signed Sealed to take for granted exp
if you take something for granted, you
5. Where do the interviews baby CPR real quick, see if I Delivered. use it without appreciating it or feeling
usually take place? can get some air in this kid. thankful for it
a pair n
6. Whats the name of the I tried to open the mouth, This musical part of two people
to open up phr vb
initiative Michelle was [but it was] like locked Cordens talk show has if someone opens up, they start talking
promoting? shut. So, I started rubbing become very popular all over about their life or feelings or personal things

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Objective To improve your listening and reading skills.
Think about it What are some of your greatest achievements? How did you manage to achieve them? What have you been successful at lately?
How did you achieve success? Have you ever failed at something? What was it? Why did you fail? What lessons did you learn? How important is
failure in the process of becoming successful? What are your top tips for dealing with failure?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.


any of the worlds Despite this, he carried successful Harry Potter
most successful on painting, sometimes books, and one of the
people were once even going without food richest women in the world.
failures. Here are the stories so he could complete his But before publishing the
of a few of them. collection of over 800 books, she was penniless,
known works. depressed and trying to
Stephen King (born 1947) raise a child on her own.
is one of the best-selling In a speech at Harvard
authors of all time, but in 2008, she said, I had
his first book, Carrie, failed on an epic scale. An
was rejected by about 30 exceptionally short-lived
publishers. Eventually, marriage had imploded, and
Stephen threw it in the bin, I was jobless, a lone parent,
but his wife fished it out Albert Einstein(1879-1955) and as poor as it is possible
and encouraged him to won the Nobel Prize to be in modern Britain,
resubmit it, which he did in Physics in 1921. without being homeless.
successfully this time! However, he wasnt always The fears that my parents
considered a genius. He had had for me, and that I
didnt speak until he was had had for myself, had both
four, and couldnt read until come to pass, and by every
he was seven. His teachers usual standard, I was the
and parents thought he was biggest failure I knew.
Answers on page 44 slow, he was expelled from
school and couldnt get Keep going!
1 Pre-reading Michael Jordan (born into the Zurich Polytechnic
Look at the names of the 1963) is one of the greatest School. He later famously GLOSSARY
famous people at the start basketball players of all said, Success is failure in
successful adj
of each paragraph in the time. However, he himself progress. someone who is successful is rich and
article. What do you know admits that it hasnt been famous
a bin n
about them? How do you easy. In a famous ad for a container for rubbish (old bits of paper,
food, etc.). A trash can in US English
think they failed in their lives? Nike, he says, I have to fish out phr vb
Make notes. missed more than 9,000 if you fish something out of a bin (for
example), you take it out of the bin, often
shots in my career. I have with difficulty
2 Reading I lost almost 300 games. On to resubmit vb
if you submit a proposal (for example),
Read or listen to the article 26 occasions I have been you present it to people. If you resubmit
it, you submit it again
once to compare your ideas entrusted to take the game Abraham Lincoln (1809- to miss vb
from the Pre-reading activity. winning shot, and I missed. 1865) was one of Americas if you miss a basketball shot (for example),
you dont get the ball in the basket
I have failed over and over greatest leaders, taking the a shot n
3 Reading II and over again in my life. country through the Civil a shot in basketball is when you throw
the ball and try to get it into the basket
Read the article again. Then, And that is why I succeed. War (from 1860 to 1865). to entrust vb
if someone entrusts something to you,
write the name of a person However, his life was never they give it to you because they think youll
from the article next to each easy. He started numerous do it correctly or well
to go without exp
statement. businesses that failed, if you go without food (for example), you
He/ She he went bankrupt twice, dont have any food
to expel vb
1. produced over 800 and was defeated in 26 if someone is expelled from school, they
must leave school because theyve done
works of art. campaigns for public office. something bad
2. has missed He later said, My great to go bankrupt exp
someone who goes bankrupt has no
thousands of shots. Vincent Van Gogh (1853- concern is not whether you money to pay their bills, debts, costs, etc.
3. was once without a 1890) is one of the most have failed, but whether you penniless adj
someone who is penniless has no
job and any money. famous and influential are content with your failure. money
to raise a child exp
4. was considered slow by painters in the history of if you raise a child, you educate and care
his teachers and parents. Western Art. Hes renowned for him/her until theyre an adult
on an epic scale exp
5. had a book rejected for paintings such as The in a big way
30 times. Starry Night, The Potato to implode vb
if something implodes, it stops in a
6. went bankrupt twice. Eaters and Sunflowers. sudden and violent way
homeless adj
7. has lost almost However, during his someone who is homeless doesnt have
300 games. lifetime, Van Gogh sold a house or place to live in
to come to pass exp
8. only sold one painting only one painting for a very J. K. Rowling (born 1965) if something comes to pass, it happens
in his/her lifetime. small amount of money. is the author of the hugely

For company classes or private tuition, contact: / / 27

Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What are some of the scariest places youve ever visited? Where were they? Why were they frightening?
Have you ever been in a haunted house? Where was it? In what way was it haunted? Are there any famous spooky places in your
country? Where are they? Why are they spooky? What are the stories related to the places? Do you believe them? Why? Why not?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as FCE, IELTS and TOEFL

1 2
Answers on page 44

1 Pre-reading TWO REALLY

Youre going to read about
two creepy places. One is an
island full of dolls hanging
from trees; the other is a

dense forest in Japan. Why hat are some of the years of collecting dolls and recorded that more than
do you think theyre spooky? creepiest places hanging them on trees on 200 people had attempted
What are the dolls doing on youve ever visited? the island. Incredibly, hed suicide in the forest, of
the island? What do you think Perhaps they werent as scary drowned in the exact same which 54 were successful.
happens in the forest? as these two. spot as the girl. The most common means
Make notes. of suicide is by hanging or
The Island of the Dolls Aokigahara drug overdose.
2 Reading I (Isla de las Muecas) Aokigahara is a dense forest
Read or listen to the article Just south of Mexico City, on the north-western side Would you like to visit
once to compare your ideas between the canals of of Japans Mount Fuji. these places?
from the Pre-reading activity. Xochimico, theres a small During the 1800s, elderly or
island thats full of dolls infirm relatives were often
3 Reading II hundreds of them, hanging left to die in remote areas GLOSSARY
creepy adj
Read the article again. from trees. In an article in of the forest in a custom a creepy place makes you feel nervous
Then, complete the sentences the MailOnline, professional known as ubasute. In or frightened
(to be) struck by exp
with words from the text. photographer Cindy recent years, Aokigahara if youre struck by a thought, you
1. Photographer Cindy Vasko described it as the has become known as one suddenly think of it
surreal adj
Vasko described creepiest place shed ever of the worlds most popular a surreal place is strange and like
something from a dream
the island as the visited. At the end of the places to commit suicide. a local legend n
place journey, Iwas struck by a There are even signs at the a story that is popular in a particular area
to drown vb
she'd ever visited. surreal vision of hundreds, start of some forest trails when someone drowns, they die in water
2. A local legend says maybe thousands, of dolls telling suicidal visitors to a caretaker n
a person whose job is to look after a
that a young girl hanging from trees on the think twice, and to contact building, island, etc.
infirm adj
near tiny island," she said. So, a suicide prevention sick, ill and not well
the island. what are the dolls doing organisation. In 2017, a trail n
a little road in a forest, etc.
3. Julian was found there? A local legend Smithsonian magazine to think twice exp
dead in the exact says that a young girl columnist Franz Lidz wrote, if you think twice about something, you
stop and start deciding whether something
same drowned near the island in Distraught teens and other is a good idea or not
distraught adj
as the girl. mysterious circumstances. troubled souls straggle someone who is distraught is worried or
4. Aokigahara is one Don Julian Santana Barrera, through the 7,680-acre sad
to straggle vb
of the worlds most the island caretaker, found confusion of pine, boxwood if someone straggles, they move slowly
popular places to her. Shortly after, he saw a and white cedar. In the and with difficulty
pine, boxwood, white cedar n
commit . doll floating in the water eerie quiet, its easy to lose these are all types of trees
eerie adj
5. In 2002, 78 near the canals. He hung your way, and those with an eerie place is strange and frightening
were it from a tree as a sign of second thoughts might second thoughts exp
if you have second thoughts about
found in the forest. respect for the spirit of the struggle to retrace their something, you decide that it probably isnt
6. The most common girl. As time went on, he steps. In 2002, 78 bodies a good idea in the end
to struggle vb
forms of suicide hung more and more dolls were found in the forest. In if you struggle to do something, you try to
do it, even though its very hard
involve from trees. In 2001, Julian 2003, this figure increased to retrace your steps exp
or drug overdose. was found dead after 50 to 105. In 2010, the police to walk back the same way that you came

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HORROR WORDS! Here are some horror words for you to learn.

1 Petrified 2 Bloodcurdling

A bloodcurdling
scream is
If youre petrified, frightening and
youre very horrible.
frightened of We heard a
something. bloodcurdling scream
Hes petrified of come from the
snakes and spiders. basement.

4 Spell 5 Jinxed 6 Morbid

If youre
jinxed, youre
very unlucky
and bad things
keep happening
to you.
If a witch casts a spell, she I think I must Someone with a morbid interest in
puts a magical power on a be jinxed every something has a strange interest in
situation or person. time I take the unpleasant things, often things related
The witch cast a spell on the car to work, to death.
princess, causing her to fall into something bad Hes got a morbid fascination with crime
a deep sleep. happens. and serial killers.

7 Gruesome 8 Supernatural 9 Curse

If someone has supernatural

powers, they can do incredible
Something gruesome things that appear to be impossible
is extremely unpleasant or that defy scientific laws. If theres a curse on you, a
and shocking. He had a large group of followers and supernatural power causes bad
There were a series of many believed that he was possessed with things to happen to you.
gruesome murders in the supernatural powers, such as the ability to I think theres a curse on my family six
tiny town. cure the sick. of my relatives died last year.

10 Creak 11 Superstitious 12 Omen

People who are superstitious

If a door (for example) creaks, believe in magic or supernatural If you think that something is a bad
it makes a short, high-pitched sound powers. omen, you think its a sign that
when it moves. Paul was extremely superstitious and something bad will happen.
The door creaked open as I was sitting thought that a black cat crossing his path The presence of the black bird in the building
there. would bring him bad luck. was regarded as an extremely bad omen.

FREE subscription if you recommend Hot English Language Services to your company. E-mail: / / 29
Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What do overseas tourists generally do or visit in your country? What are your countrys most popular places, regions or attractions? How
popular is the capital city as a tourist destination? What other cities are popular with overseas tourists? Why are they so popular? What activities do tourists
like doing in your country? What potential is there for expansion of the tourist industry in your country? What are some of the challenges facing this industry?
Exams This listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as FCE, IELTS and TOEFL.

Answers on page 44 Listening activity

1 Pre-listening WHO CAN
How popular is your country as
a tourist destination? What do
you think the figures are for the
following categories? Guess if
you arent sure.
1. The overall number
of visitors last year
2. The top three markets
in terms of the number
of visits to the country
3. How much visitors
4. The top three markets
in terms of visitor
5. What percentage the
capital accounts for in
terms of visitor spend
6. The percentage
that repeat visitors
represent, of the total
number of visitors
7. The percentage of
business visits that
were repeat visits Note!
8. The percentage of visits Dont read the
to friends and family audio script until
youve completed
that were repeat visits

How to contrast
the exercises and
9. The percentage of activities.
holiday visits that were
repeat visits

and compare data!

2 Listening I
Youre going to listen to
someone who is talking about
tourism figures. Listen once.
How similar or different Audio script
were your answers in the
Pre-listening activity to the Tourism figures
ones in the recording? [fades in] (USA, Germany and France) accounting
And now Id like to look at the latest tourism for 28% of all overseas visitor spend in the
3 Listening II figures. As you can see from this slide, the country. The capital accounts for 53% of all
Listen again. Then, write a number of visits peaked two years ago at inbound visitor spend.
figure, price or percentage next 32.8 million visitors, which has been followed
to each category (1 to 9) from by a decline since then, with 29.8 million Last year, 77% of inbound visits were repeat
the Pre-listening activity. For last year, and the figure for this year set to visits. The good thing about this is that
example: be even lower. The top three markets were repeat holiday visitors are likely to stay longer
1. The overall number of respectively France, the USA and Germany in on their trip than first-time visitors, and
visitors = 29.8 million terms of the number of visits to the country, spend more on average per night and overall
2. accounting for 39% of all visits. on their trip. This means that its extremely
3. important to encourage visitors to return.
4. The 29.8 million overseas visitors who came Last year, 92% of business visits were repeat
5. last year spent 22.5 billion. This figure visits, 85% of visits to friends and family were
6. represents a 4% decrease compared with repeats, and 63% of holiday visits.
7. the previous year. The top three markets
8. measured in terms of visitor spend were the Now, if you just take a look at this graph,
9. same markets although in a different order youll see that [fades out]


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Here are some useful idioms for talking about fashion and style.

1 In fashion 2 Be out of fashion / 3 Come back

go out of fashion in fashion

If clothing is If something If something

in fashion, it goes out of comes in
is popular and fashion, it fashion,
many people stops being it becomes
wear it. fashionable. fashionable and
Collarless shirts French-style popular again.
are very much stripy shirts Flared trousers
in fashion these have gone out of have come back in
days. fashion. fashion.

4 Tailor made 5 Fit like a glove 6 A hand-me-down

Clothing that is
given to you from
Tailor made another person
clothing is often an older
made by a tailor brother or sister
according to If something because they
your specific fits like a dont need it any
measurements. glove, it fits more.
Also, made-to- perfectly. I often had to wear
measure. This new jacket hand-me-downs
Theres nothing fits like a glove when I was a kid as
quite like a tailor- its like it was my parents didnt
made suit. tailor made. have much money.

7 Make a fashion 8 Make 9 Catwalk

statement (something)
by hand

If you make a fashion A narrow flat

statement, you wear platform where
clothes or accessories To make clothing models present
that attract attention without a designer clothes.
because they're very machine just
stylish or unusual. The model
with your hands. walked along the
I think she was trying to She makes all catwalk and posed
make a fashion statement of her clothes by at the end for
with that unusual dress. hand. photographers.

10 To have a
sense of style
Idioms booklets
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always looks good.

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Cold Blood
The extraordinary life of one of Americas most unusual novelists.

It was one of the most shocking murders of the 1950s. Some argue that it changed America
forever. A famous American author heard about the story and wrote a book about it called
In Cold Blood (1966).

n Cold Blood is about the 1959 killing of Herbert Clutter, As Smith later said, I didnt want to harm the man. I thought
his wife, Bonnie Clutter, and their two children. Clutter he was a very nice gentleman. Soft spoken. I thought so right
was a wealthy and successful farmer from Holcomb, up to the moment I cut his throat. Later, they killed Mrs Clutter
Kansas. He employed up to eighteen workers, and and the two children, shooting them all in the head.
he was respected for his fair treatment and good wages.
Clutters wife, Bonnie, suffered from depression. The Clutters It didnt take long for the police to catch the two men.
had four children: three girls and a boy. The two eldest, They were arrested in Las Vegas, Nevada about six weeks
Eveanna and Beverly, had moved out. The two younger later. They pleaded temporary insanity during the trial,
children, Nancy (16) and Kenyon (15), were still living at but they were pronounced sane. After five years on death
home. The 14th November 1959 seemed to be a perfectly row, Smith and Hickock were executed by hanging just
ordinary day. But it wasnt. Two young men were planning to after midnight on 14th April 1965. Smith claimed in his oral
rob the Clutters. confession that Hickock murdered the two women. But when
asked to sign his confession, Smith refused. He wanted to
The two men were Richard Hickock and Perry Smith. At the accept responsibility for all four killings because he said he
time, they were on parole from the Kansas State Penitentiary. was sorry for Dicks mother. Smith added, Shes a real
Inside prison, Richard Hickock had met fellow prisoner, sweet person. Hickock always maintained that Smith did
Floyd Wells. Wells had once worked for the Clutters. He all four killings.
told Hickock that there was a safe at the ranch where Herb
Clutter kept large amounts of cash. Hickock later contacted Sometime after the killings, the young American author
Smith about robbing Clutters farm. Together, they planned Truman Capote read about the story. He travelled to Kansas
to commit the perfect score, then start to investigate and write an article about the
a new life in Mexico. On the night of 14th IN COLD BLOOD mass murder. Capote took his childhood friend
November 1959, they drove across the state A true crime and fellow author Harper Lee with him. Lee
of Kansas towards Holcomb, to find the novel about the helped him interview local residents. In the end,
Clutter house. murder of the Capote wrote a book, In Cold Blood, which was
Clutter family in first published as a four-part serial in The New
1959 written by
At first, everything seemed to go well for the Truman Capote. Yorker. The story is a fascinating psychological
two men. It was dark and they parked the car The book was study of two men who committed a terrible
a short distance from the house. Very quietly, made into a film of the same crime they probably wouldnt have committed
they made their way to the house. The door was name in 1967. The film was if they had never met. The book was a big
directed by Richard Brooks,
open, so they went in. They cut the telephone and starred Robert Blake success, and helped create a new genre: the
wires, then woke up Herb Clutter. They ordered (as Perry Smith) and Scott true crime novel. Some say that the killings
him to get the safe and open it. But there Wilson (as Richard Hickock). also woke America up to the danger of cold-
was no safe, and there was no money in the GLOSSARY
The film was shot in black blooded killers. No longer were doors left open.
and white and was nominated
house. For no apparent reason, Smith slit Herb for four Oscars. No longer were arms held open to strangers.
Clutters throat and then shot him in the head. America would never be the same.

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Truman Capote is one of Americas most fascinating authors. His most
famous books were In Cold Blood and Breakfast at Tiffanys. He led an
Theres a film
version of
Breakfast at
interesting life in a most interesting time. Tiffanys that is

loosely based
apote had an eccentric side to him. to have destroyed the book, but it resurfaced in on Capotes story. The 1961
He was openly homosexual (which was 2004 and was published in 2005. film was directed by Blake
unusual at the time), he had a high- Edwards and it starred
pitched voice and he dressed in an offbeat His first really successful book was Breakfast Audrey Hepburn, George
Peppard and Patricia Neal. It
manner. He also invented stories about the at Tiffanys (1958). The heroine, Holly Golightly, is about a young New York
people he knew (once claiming to have had an became one of Capotes best-known creations. socialite, Holly Golightly.
affair with Errol Flynn), and he had a running After reading the book, author Norman Mailer
battle with fellow writer Gore Vidal. described Capote as the most perfect writer of
my generation. But the book that really shot
to employ vb
Truman Capote was born on 30th September 1924 Capote to fame was In Cold Blood (1965). The to give work to
in New Orleans, Louisiana. When he was four, his book was inspired by a 300-word article in The fair treatment n
if someone receives "fair treatment", they're
parents divorced, and he was sent to Monroeville, New York Times on 16th November 1959. The story treated the same as everyone else
a wage n
Alabama. He was raised by his mothers relatives. described the unexplained murder of the Clutter an amount of money you receive for the work
He was a neighbour and friend of Harper Lee*, family in rural Kansas. Fascinated by the story, you do
to move out phr vb
another famous American author. As a child, Capote travelled with Harper Lee to Kansas to leave a house, etc. so you can live
Capote taught himself to read and write. At the age and visited the scene of the massacre. Over the somewhere else
on parole exp
of five, he was often seen carrying his dictionary course of the next few years, he met everyone if a prisoner is on parole, he /she is allowed
to leave prison but with certain conditions
and notepad. He began writing when he was ten. involved in the investigation and most of the fellow adj
residents of the small town. Later, after the a fellow worker, for example, is someone
who works with you
In 1933, he moved to New York City to live with killers were caught, he talked to them too. The a safe n
his mother and her second husband, Joseph book became an international bestseller. a strong box where you can keep valuables /
money, etc.
Capote, who was a Cuban. Joseph adopted his cash n
money in the form of coins and notes
stepson and renamed him Truman Garca Capote. In the following years, Capote lived a glamorous, the perfect score exp inform
When Capote was 11, he began jet-set social life full of drugs, the perfect crime / robbery

writing seriously in daily three-hour TRUMAN CAPOTE parties, breakdowns and

to slit someones throat exp
to use a knife to cut someones throat
sessions. Of his early days Capote Born 30th periods in and out of rehab (the tube that goes from the mouth to the
related, I began writing really sort of September 1924 clinics. In 1978, during a temporary insanity n
in New Orleans, a state of mental incapacity that lasts for a
seriously when I was about eleven. Louisiana, talk show interview, Capote short period of time
I say seriously in the sense that like USA. Died confessed that he might kill a trial n
a legal process to decide if someone is
other kids go home and practice 25th August 1984. Novelist, himself. Eventually, in 1984, innocent or guilty
the violin or the piano or whatever, I playwright, story writer. he died at the home of his on death row exp
Most famous works include if a prisoner is on death row, he / she is
used to go home from school every Breakfast at Tiffanys (1958) and old friend Joanne Carson. waiting to be executed
to hang vb
day and I would write for about three In Cold Blood (1965). There The cause of death was to kill someone by putting a rope around their
hours. I was obsessed by it. When was a film about Truman liver disease complicated by neck and making them fall
Capote (2005) starring a confession n
he was 17, Capote began a two-year multiple drug intoxication. a written or oral statement in which someone
the American actor Philip
job at The New Yorker. His first novel GLOSSARY
Seymour Hoffman. Hoffman As Capote once said, Life is a admits they have committed a crime
eccentric adj
was Summer Crossing (1943), about won an Oscar for Best Actor. moderately good play unusual; not normal for society
The film was nominated for an offbeat manner n
the summer romance of Fifth Avenue with a badly written third act. a strange, unusual way
socialite Grady ONeil. Capote claimed four other Oscars. This was Capotes third act. to have a running battle with someone exp
to have a continuous verbal war with someone
a socialite n
a person who goes to a lot of parties with rich
HARPER LEE and famous people
to resurface vb
Born 28th April 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama, USA. She is the author of the to appear again
to shoot to fame exp
widely-acclaimed book, To Kill a Mockingbird. One of the characters in the book, Dill, is to become famous very quickly
based on Truman Capote. The book touches on the themes of southern US life and racial a jet-set social life n
injustice. The book was made into a 1962 film starring Gregory Peck. a lifestyle that involves going to parties / clubs
with the rich and famous
a breakdown n
if someone has a breakdown, they become
TRUMAN CAPOTE QUOTES very depressed and can't live normally
a rehab clinic n
I dont care what anybody says about me as long as it isnt true. a type of hospital that helps people deal with
drug or alcohol dependency
I like to talk on TV about those things that arent worth writing about. a talk show n
No one will ever know what In Cold Blood took out of me. It scraped me right down to the marrow of my a television programme in which a host
bones. It nearly killed me. I think, in a way, it did kill me. interviews people
The quietness of his tone italicised the malice of his reply. a liver n
the organ in your body that processes your
To me, the greatest pleasure of writing is not what its about, but the inner music that words make. blood and helps clean unwanted substances
All literature is gossip. out of it

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Blast from the Past
What were you doing in 1988? Where were you? How old were you? What do you remember?
Were taking a break from our usual Anniversaries section to look at individual years. This
month, were focusing on 1988.
Monthly trivia 1988 supposed to be Canadian? black armbands and the porter
flies a black flag.
January May Ronald Reagan orders the
The Soviet Union begins a A report by US Surgeon destruction of the new US
programme of economic General C. Everett Koop says embassy in Moscow because
restructuring known as that nicotine is just as addictive of the presence of Soviet
perestroika under Premier as heroin and cocaine. listening devices. SPORT TRIVIA
Mikhail Gorbachev. This will The US Supreme Court rules Steve Jones
eventually lead to the that police officers do not need November (Britain) wins
dissolution of the Soviet Union a search warrant to look George H. W. Bush wins the the New York
and the end of the Cold War. through rubbish bins. States presidential election, Ayrton Senna
beating Democrat candidate (Brazil) wins the Formula One
February June Michael Dukakis. Championship.
The Democratic House of Wembley Stadium hosts a The first prototype B-2 Spirit Mike Tyson knocks out Michael
Spinks and defends the World
Representatives in the US concert in celebration of the stealth bomber is presented to Heavyweight Championship.
rejects President Reagans 70th birthday of imprisoned the public. The Washington Redskins
request for money to support African National Congress win the Super Bowl.
the Nicaraguan Contras. leader Nelson Mandela. December Meath win the All-Ireland
The Winter Olympics are The Netherlands national Benazir Bhutto becomes the GLOSSARY
Gaelic Football final.
Seve Ballesteros wins
held in Calgary, Canada. football team defeats the Soviet Prime Minister of Pakistan, the British Open golf
There were 29 days in Union 2-0 to win Euro 88. making her the first woman championship.
February it was a leap year! to head the government of an GLOSSARY
Stefan Edberg wins the mens
finals at Wimbledon.
In the Chinese zodiac, it was July Islamic country. Steffi Graf wins the womens
the Year of the Rabbit until 16th Iran Air Flight 655 is shot Pan Am Flight 103 is blown finals at Wimbledon.
February, and the Year of the down by missiles launched up over Lockerbie, Scotland,
Dragon for the rest of the year. from the USS Vincennes. killing a total of 270 people.
The Piper Alpha drilling Brazilian union and
March platform in the North Sea is environmental activist Chico The following
teams came
Lieutenant Colonel Oliver destroyed by explosions and Mendes is assassinated. out on top of
North and Vice Admiral John fires killing 165 workers. their respective
Poindexter are allegedly Famous films of 1988 football leagues:
involved in a scheme to sell August Rain Man, Who Framed Roger Liverpool (England), Monaco
(France), Milan (Italy), PSV
arms to Iranian groups in Thousands of protesters in Rabbit, Crocodile Dundee II, Eindhoven (Holland), Celtic
exchange for hostages. They Burma (now known as Die Hard, A Fish Called Wanda, (Scotland), Real Madrid (Spain)
are also using some of the Myanmar) are killed during Rambo III
money to fund anti-Communist anti-government demonstrations.
rebels in Nicaragua. The The Iran-Iraq War ends, with an Albums released in 1988 GLOSSARY
scandal becomes known as estimated loss of one million lives. Blow up your Video (AC/DC) dissolution n
the act of breaking up or ending an
The Iran Contra Affair Mehran Karimi Nasseri Viva Hate (Morrissey) organisation / parliament, etc.
a leap year n
An Israeli court sentences (otherwise known as The Crossroads (Eric Clapton) a year with 366 days it happens every four years
Mordechai Vanunu to 18 years Terminal Man) is stuck in Barbed Wire Kiss arms n
weapons such as guns, missiles, etc.
in prison for giving the Sunday Charles de Gaulle International (Jesus and Mary Chain) a hostage n
Times details of Israel's Airport in Paris. Sixteen years Stay on These Roads (A-Ha) a prisoner. The people who hold the
hostage offer to return the hostage if they
nuclear programme. later, Tom Hanks stars in a film The Madness (The Madness) receive what they want (usually money)
a search warrant n
about it The Terminal (2004). Out of Order (Rod Stewart) a legal document that gives the police
April Down in the Groove permission to look for something in
someones house, etc.
The film The Last Emperor September (Bob Dylan) a rubbish bin n
(directed by Bernardo The Summer Olympics are The Abbey Road E.P. a container for rubbish (old paper, old
food, etc.)
Bertolucci) wins nine Oscars. held in Seoul, South Korea. (Red Hot Chili Peppers) to shoot down phr vb
to destroy a plane in the air by shooting it with
The Soviet Union promises Nothing else of note happened Kylie (Kylie Minogue) a missile / gun, etc
to withdraw its forces from that year in September. UB40 (UB40) a drilling platform n
a structure built for people to work in the sea
Afghanistan as part of the Small World and extract oil, gas, etc.
Geneva Accords. October (Huey Lewis & The News) an armband n
a thin piece of material that you wear around
Celine Dion wins the For the first time in history, New Jersey (Bon Jovi) your arm
to beat vb
Eurovision Song Contest for women are allowed to study at Barcelona (Freddie Mercury to win against something or someone
Switzerland with the song Ne Magdalene College, and Montserrat Caball) a stealth bomber n
a type of plane that is invisible to a radar
partez pas sans moi (Dont Cambridge. As a form of Money for Nothing (Dire Straits) to blow up phr vb
leave without me). Isnt she protest, male students wear G N R Lies (Guns N Roses) if something blows up, it explodes

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aty Perry, Ariana Grande and Lady
Gaga are three famous pop stars. One
thing theyve all got in common is that
theyve evolved over the years. Heres how.

It still sounds like me, but it feels like

a more mature, evolved version. [...]
The whole body of work is a little darker,
sexier and more mature.

1 Katy Perry Into you

Katy Perry loves to So, baby, come light me up, and maybe
experiment, and shes Ill let you on it,
always looking for new A little bit dangerous, but, baby, thats how
sounds. She began her I want it,
singing career in a church choir, singing A little less conversation and a little more
gospel music, which was the only kind of touch my body,
music her family let her to listen to. Her Cause Im so into you, into you, into you.
first album as Katy Hudson (her original
name) was full of Christian rock songs. 3 Lady Gaga
But when she debuted as Katy Perry with Lady Gaga is definitely the GLOSSARY
One of the Boys, she was singing pop rock. queen of transformations, a career n
Teenage Dreams and Prism had more changing her style the job you choose to do for the majority
of your working life
pop- and pop dance-oriented songs. And numerous times over the a choir n
a group of people who sing together
in Witness (2017) the song Swish swish is years. But fashion isnt the only area where to debut vb
an electronic dance pop song featuring the she likes to experiment. Lady Gaga started someone who debuts does something
for the first time
rapper Nicki Minaj. Along with her music, her career with The Fame Monster, which to stumble around phr vb
Katy Perry also likes to change hair style, had a synth- and dance-pop vibe. But in if you stumble around, you walk and
almost fall at the same time
and shes had every colour from black to the album Born This Way, she started wasted adj informal
someone who is wasted has taken drugs
pink and violet to green. experimenting with electronic rock and or a lot of alcohol
techno. A clear change of direction took this ones on me exp

Chained to the Rhythm place in 2014, when Lady Gaga recorded

Im buying this drink
chained to exp
Turn it up, keep it on repeat, a jazz album with Tony Bennett. A year if youre chained to something, youre
attached to it with a chain (an object with
Stumbling around like a wasted zombie, later, she also showed off her acting skills, metal rings connected in a line)
to release vb
Yeah, we think were free, playing a part in the American Horror Stories when an album is released, it appears in
Drink, this ones on me, series, for which she won a Golden Globe shops and you can buy it
to top vb
Were all chained to the rhythm, for Best Actress. In 2016, she released her if an album tops the charts, it goes to
Chained to thy rhythm, to the rhythm, album Joanne that turned out to be another the highest position
the Billboard charts n
to the rhythm. big surprise. It was a mixture of many a list of the most popular records in a
styles, including folk, rock, pop, dance,
Ariana Grande
a step n
2 country and electronic music. something you do in order to get
As a youngster, Ariana Im so into you exp
starred in Nickeodeons Million reasons I really like you
a vibe n
teen series Sam & Cat and And if you say something that you might if a song (for example) has a certain
vibe, it has a certain feel or sound to it
Victorius. However, shes even mean, to take place exp
always loved singing. In 2013, she released Its hard to even fathom which parts to happen
to turn out phr vb
the album Yours Truly. This debut album I should believe, the things that turn out are the things
topped the Billboard charts. A year later, she Cause youre giving me a million reasons, that happen in the end
to fathom vb
released My Everything and the lead single Give me a million reasons, if you cant fathom something, you cant
understand it
Problems with the rapper Iggy Azalea, which Givin me a million reasons, about a to bow down phr vb
became a huge hit. Dangerous Woman million reasons, if you bow down, you bend your body as
a sign of respect for someone
(2016) was more pop-R&B. The album is I bow down to pray, to pray vb
definitely the next step for me, she said. I try to make the worst seem better. when you pray, you speak to God

For company classes or private tuition, contact: / / 35

Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What do you like or dislike about going by car? How often do you go by car? What do you use the car for? Have you ever rented a car?
Why did you rent it? Where did you go? Has your car ever broken down? What happened? How did you fix it? What type of car would you like to have? Why?
Whats the fastest youve ever driven? Where were you? How did it feel?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.
Answers on page 44 CAN YOU DRIVE ME

1 Pre-listening
Match the car words (1 to 6) to
the pictures (a-f).
1. Bonnet (hood in US
2. Headlight
3. Boot (trunk in US
4. Gear stick ("shift stick"
in US English)
5. Handbrake
6. Windscreen wiper

Dont read the audio script
a b until youve completed the
exercises. Also, please note that
when people chat informally, they
often use non-standard English,
correct themselves, repeat themselves,
GROUP TALK rarely speak in full sentences


and even make factual
or grammatical mistakes
c d because theyre

OR DISLIKE ABOUT CARS? speaking fast.

Audio script
Victoria: So recently I sold my car. I mean, I loved then they say, Oh, can you take us here?
e f having a car and it was so easy and Oh, can you take us there?, and you
comfortable to have it, but I must admit, become the taxi for everyone.
2 Listening I I dont miss the hassle of having to look Sam: I love singing in the car.
Youre going to listen to some after it and clean it and put some petrol Victoria: Yes. I always find it that Im just singing
people talking about cars and in it. away without a care in the world and then
driving. Make a list of the things Sam: yeah. I feel that makes more sense you look around and theres someone in
you like or dislike about cars since you live in a city. I mean, here the the car next to you.
and driving. For example: I hate transportation is great with all the metros Louis: And theyre watching you.
getting stuck in traffic... so I wouldn't want to have a car if I lived Sam: Yeah, you cant do that on the metro.
Then, listen once. Were any of in a city my whole life Even though its more convenient to
your ideas mentioned in the Victoria: Yeah. take it.
conversation? Sam: But, I normally...I live in the suburbs Victoria: Yeah, you can give it a try, but Im not sure
back home in the states and I have to how the other commuters will feel about
3 Listening II drive essentially everywhere. So when you thinking youre the next Mariah Carey,
Listen again. Then, answer the I was a teenager, I couldn't get around ha, ha, ha.
questions. without a car. Sam: Yeah, its so crowded on the metro
1. What does the first Louis: Yeah, I lived in...well, my parents lived in sometimes.
female speaker not miss Houston, Texas and if you havent got a Victoria: Yeah it is. Thats one reason why I do
about having a car? car there, you cant do anything. miss the car sometimes is when you get
2. Why wouldnt the Victoria: Exactly, yeah. I do love having a car, its so into public transport and its so busy
second female speaker easy to walk out of your house, get into or its late and theres a problem.
have a car in the city? your car and either drive to work or drive You just think, Oh, I wish I had my car
3. What does she say to the station. Even if it is just driving to right now.
about her life as a the station. That little journey there is so Sam: Yeah, I know. Definitely not worth it in
teenager in the States? much easier with a car, but at the same the city
4. What does the first time I dont miss it too much because Victoria: No way, no. [fades out]
speaker say later about
how your friends treat Top tip: how to listen
you if you have a car? The most important thing to remember when listening to a conversation is that you wont understand every word.
5. What does she not like So, you should only listen out for the key words the most important words in the conversation: the nouns,
verbs, adjectives, etc. Then, you can use your intuition to guess what the people are saying just as you do in your
about public transport? own language. Knowing the context and topic of the conversation will help with this.

36 / / Love the magazine? Why not subscribe or get the interactive version from the App Store or Google Play?
Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it Have you heard or read any stories about people doing stupid or dangerous things? What were they? What did they do? What happened to
them? What are some of the most dangerous things youve ever done? What happened? How did you get out of danger? Has your life ever been in danger? When?
Where were you? What happened? How do you avoid having accidents? What are your top tips for avoiding accidents?
Exams This activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.


he Darwin Award are In 2000, in Houston, He quickly spat it out, but
given to people who Texas, a 19-year-old man didnt realise the gasoline
die in stupid ways. died while playing Russian was also on his clothes. On
Here are some of the most roulette. However, instead lighting his cigarette, he
famous winners. of using a revolver, he was burst into flames.
playing the game with a
In 1995, James Burns, 34 (of semi-automatic pistol. How dumb!
Michigan, USA), was killed
Answers on page 44 while he was trying to repair In 2004, an amateur DARWIN AWARDS WEBSITE
his truck. A report in a local inventor was in a pub The official Darwin Awards
1 Pre-reading newspaper said how Burns showing friends his latest website is run by Wendy
Youre going to read an asked his friend to drive the creation: a pistol disguised Northcutt . She started it in
1993. Wendy was a graduate
article about some unusual truck on a highway while he as a pen. To prove it in molecular biology from
deaths involving the following held onto the undercarriage. worked, he pointed it at his the University of California,
objects. What do you think Apparently, Burns was trying head and pulled the trigger. Berkeley. She went on to study
happened? Make notes. to work out the source of a It did. neurobiology at Stanford
University. In September
funny noise it kept making. 1999, she decided to devote
a truck a chainsaw a bus In 2005, a mugger who herself full-time to the website
a pistol a tiger In 1996, a Polish farmer, was being chased by police and related books.
Krystof Azninski, cut off his climbed up a fence and
spray-paint petrol own head. According to jumped into the garden GLOSSARY
Reuters reports, Mr Azninski below. Unfortunately, the an undercarriage n
2 Reading I and his friends stripped garden was home to a man- the part at the bottom of a truck
to strip naked exp
Read or listen to the article naked then engaged in a eating tiger. to take off all your clothes
a turnip n
once to compare your ideas series of bizarre contests. a round vegetable with a green-white skin
from the Pre-reading activity. They started by hitting each In 2009 in South Carolina a chainsaw n
a machine for cutting trees
other over the head with (USA), a man spray-painted to upstage vb
3 Reading II frozen turnips. Then, one his face to disguise himself if someone upstages you, they do
something better or bigger than you
Read the article again. of the men cut off his own during a robbery, then died to go one step further exp
to do something bigger or better than
Then, answer the questions. foot with a chainsaw. Not from the fumes. Labels on another person
1. Why was James wanting to be upstaged, the bottle clearly claimed to decapitate vb
if someone is decapitated, their head is
Burns inspecting the Azninski went one step that the paint shouldnt cut off
undercarriage of his further and cut off his head. come into contact with the Russian roulette n
a game played with a pistol with one bullet
truck? skin or the eyes. Ignoring in it. You hold the pistol to your head and
pull the trigger. If it fires, you lose!
2. Why did the farmer cut In 1997, two employees on this, the robber spray- a semi-automatic pistol n
off his head? a company trip were killed painted his face gold. a pistol that fires many bullets when you
pull the trigger.
3. What were the two after putting their heads out Sometime after the robbery, a trigger n
employees doing when of a bus window while they he stopped breathing. the part of a gun that you press in order
to fire it
they were decapitated? were singing. Tragically, the a mugger n
a person who attacks or robs someone in
4. Why did the amateur bus went into a tunnel and In 2012, a 43-year-old man the street
inventor shoot himself they were decapitated. The accidentally drank from a fumes n
the gases that are produced by a fire,
in the head? driver said he hadnt locked jar containing petrol, then chemicals, etc.
5. Why did the robber the window because he smoked a cigarette. He to spit out phr vb
if you spit out liquid from your mouth,
spray-paint his face? didnt think adult passengers was at a friends apartment you force it out quickly
to burst into flames exp
6. Why did the man burst would be stupid enough to when he mistook the jar if something bursts into flames, it
into flames? do anything like that. full of petrol for a drink. suddenly starts burning

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What concerts have you been to? Who was playing? What were they like? Have you ever seen a band play in a small venue, such as a pub? Where was it?
Who was playing? What was the atmosphere like? What are some of the best or biggest concerts youve ever been to? What were they like? Who was playing? Have you
ever been to a charity event? What was it for? How successful was it? What charity events have there been in your country? What were they for? Who participated in them?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.

By Giulia Martinelli


n 22nd May 2017, One of the lighter moments to sing Where is the Love?
a suicide bomber of the night was when During the performance
killed 22 fans in Pharrell Williams and Miley invited the
the Manchester Arena at Cyrus sang Pharrell's song audience to put a finger
Answers on page 44
an Ariana Grande concert. Happy. People danced in the air, explaining,
The American singer was and sang along, choosing We are here, and we are
1 Pre-reading heartbroken and decided to happiness over fear. together, and we are one.
Youre going to read an article raise money for the victims Put one finger in the air, if
about a charity concert that families. A charity concert Before performing an youre about oneness and
took place in response to a called One Love Manchester acoustic version of her togetherness!
terror attack. In what way took place on 4th June. For original Part of Me, Katy
could people show that love many, it was an emotional Perry gave an emotional The choir from Parrs Wood
trumps hate? What could affair, and unique for a speech about love and hate, High School was invited
they do, say, organise, etc. to number of reasons. ... especially in moments to perform the song My
demonstrate this? Make notes. like these. It can be the Everything with Ariana. The
During Justin Biebers song most difficult thing to do. little girl who had the solo
2 Reading I Sorry, a police officer joined But love conquers fear, and part and who was holding
Read or listen to the article hands with children and love conquers hate. And Ariana's hand started crying
once to compare your ideas danced. A vide of the dance this love that you choose during the performance. In
from the Pre-reading activity. soon went viral. will give you strength. a moving moment, Ariana
While singing her hit Roar, gave her a hug.
3 Reading II One of the most emotional Katy Perry took off her coat
Read the article again. Then, moments was the duet by to reveal the back of her At the end of the concert,
answer the questions. Ariana Grande and Miley dress, which had pictures Ariana came back on stage
1. In what way was the Cyrus. They sang Dont of the 22 victims of the with the artists to sing
duet by Ariana and Miley Dream its Over. At one terror attack. One Last Night the song
emotional? point in the song, they shed performed as an
2. What message did Katy stood up and hugged each Another special moment encore on the night of the
Perry have about love? other... and kept hugging was when Chris Martin and attack. Ariana then ended
3. Why has the Oasis until the end of the song. Ariana Grande sang Oasis the concert with a version
song Dont Look Back song Dont Look Back in of Somewhere Over the
in Anger become Robbie Williams changed Anger. The lyrics appeared Rainbow. At the end, she
associated with the the lyrics of his song Strong on screen so everyone could burst into tears.
tragedy? to Manchester were strong, join in. The song has since
4. What was moving were still singing our song. become associated with By the end of the concert,
about the solo sung Another unusual thing was the tragedy because of its Ariana had helped the
by the girl from the Parrs that he was wearing a Justin powerful message of hope, British Red Cross raise more
Wood High Bieber sweatshirt. Had the inviting people to look to than 12 million dollars for
School choir? two become good friends; the future, not the past. the We Love Manchester
5. Why do you think Ariana or was Robbie Williams Emergency Fund.
burst into tears at the wearing it just because he Ariana Grande joined the
end of the show? liked it? Black Eyed Peas on stage What a hero!

38 / / Improve your spoken English with our fantastic Skype/Telephone classes. E-mail:
Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it Who are some of the most high-profile politicians in your country? What are they famous for? Are there any embarrassing politicians in your
country? Who are they? In what way are they embarrassing? What do they do? How should politicians behave? What are some things they should always or never
do? Why do some seemingly inept politicians become so popular? What do they do to make people like them?
Exams This reading and listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.

oris Johnson is At one point, Johnson is have changed over the
one of the UKs asked by Guppy for the years. In 1997, he said of
most embarrassing reporters address so he can the EU, Look, I'm rather
politicians. When he was rough him up. Boris asks, pro-European, actually. I
appointed Foreign Secretary How badly are you going to certainly want a European
Answers on page 44 in July 2016, the news hurt this guy? It has never community where one can
was greeted with laughter been established whether go off and scoff croissants,
1 Pre-reading by German television Johnson actually gave Guppy drink delicious coffee,
What terrible or unethical presenters; and former the reporters address. learn foreign languages
things could politicians do? Swedish Prime Minister Carl and generally make love to
Use the following words to Bildt tweeted he wished it In 2007, after a visit to the foreign women.
think of six ideas. For example: was a joke. Many wonder University of Portsmouth,
Politicians often lie when how hes got so far. Here are Johnson wrote in GQ And this from the UKs
theyre in a tight spot. a few of his low points. magazine: Here we are in most senior diplomat!
one of the most depressed What a joke!
insults, corruption, theft, Johnson was fired from his towns in southern England,
lies, violence, incompetence, job at The Times newspaper a place that is arguably GLOSSARY
sexism, racism, bullying, for inventing a quote. too full of drugs, obesity,
Foreign Secretary n
dishonesty, plagiarism, underachievement and the member of government who talks with
abuse... BoJo (as Johnson is also Labour MPs. One of the the leaders of other countries, etc.
to get far exp
known) was forced to citys MPs later said Johnson if you get far, you become powerful and
2 Reading I apologise to a 10-year-old should walk barefoot to successful in a particular profession
to fire vb
Read or listen to the article Japanese schoolboy after Portsmouth and apologise. someone who is fired loses their job
a quote n
once. Were any of your ideas knocking him to the ground something that a famous person has said
from the Pre-reading activity during a game of rugby. At During a visit to a Sikh a bureaucrat n
people who work in large organisations,
mentioned? the time, Johnson was on a holy temple, Johnson such as the EU in Brussels, the civil
service, etc.
business trip to Japan. managed to insult the local a fraudster n
3 Reading II community. While he was someone who steals money from people
by tricking them
Read the article again. Then, In a column for the there, he discussed ending to beat up phr vb
answer the questions. Telegraph, Johnson trade tariffs on whisky to hit someone many times
to rough up phr vb informal
1. Why did Boris get fired compared the EU to between the UK and India, to hit someone many times
obesity n
from his job at The Times? Hitlers Germany, claiming saying how this could the state of being very fat
2. Why was the comparison the Union was planning be great for both sides. underachievement n
if theres underachievement, people
he made regarding the to establish a super- However, its considered a arent doing anything constructive or
EU so tactless? state, just like Hitler. sin for Sikhs to consume positive with their lives
trade tariffs n
3. What was he talking Accepting that bureaucrats alcohol; and one member of taxes you pay when you import or export
goods into a country
about with his friend in Brussels were using the audience took offence. a sin n
Darius Guppy? different methods from How dare you talk about something that is considered wrong
according to a religion, etc.
4. What did one MP the Nazi dictator, they still alcohol in a Sikh temple! flustered adj
from Portsmouth shared the same aim of she said. A flustered BoJo someone who is flustered is nervous
or worried
think Johnson should unifying Europe under one attempted to apologise. diehard adj
a diehard supporter of an idea is
apologise for? authority. How tactful! someone who really supports that idea
5. How did he manage to Johnson is now a diehard a Brexiteer n
an idiot a who wants Britain to leave the
insult Sikhs at a holy In a recorded phone call, Brexiteer. However, it European Union
temple? Johnson and convicted isnt entirely clear where opportunism n
someone who is accused of
6. Why do some people fraudster Darius Guppy he stands on the issue opportunism will change their opinion or
ideas in order to get money, power, etc.
accuse him of discussed plans to beat up and many accuse him of to scoff vb informal
opportunism? an investigative journalist. opportunism as his views to eat

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Objective To improve your reading and listening skills.
Think about it What can companies do to improve morale? What do you think of company excursions as a way of improving staff morale? What are some typical ideas for company
excursions? What other events do companies organise? Have you ever been on a company excursion or event? Is there a games room or area where you can relax in the office? How important
do you think it is to have something like this for employees? What are the pros and cons of doing things like this? What can be done to increase staff punctuality or reduce staff absences?
Exams This listening activity will help prepare you for English exams such as CAE, IELTS and TOEFL.
QUESITONS? Listening activity

Answers on page 44

1 Pre-listening
What can be done to improve
staff morale in a business or
organisation? What about
increasing punctuality or
reducing absences? Use the
words below to think of any
ideas. Make notes.
Dont read the
company targets, audio script until
bonuses, personal targets, youve completed
a games room, a rest and the exercises and
relaxation area, massages, activities.

How to give an update

games, excursions,
company events

2 Listening I
Youre going to listen to
someone who is talking about
improving staff morale at an
organisation. Listen once.
in a presentation!
Audio script
Were any of your ideas from
the Pre-listening activity Improving staff morale
mentioned? Id have to say that the schemes to reduce receives a bonus if these targets are met.
staff absence and increase punctuality And to help with punctuality, weve installed
3 Listening II have been a big success. Weve seen that a new system that records exactly what time
Listen again. Then, answer the staff attendance levels have increased people are getting in and leaving the office.
questions. from 88% to 93%; and levels of punctuality This has helped improve punctuality rates
1. By how much have have increased from 79% to 91%, which is substantially.
staff attendance levels fantastic. And the number of days that staff
increased? have taken off for sickness has dropped Another initiative has been the installation
2. By how much levels of substantially from an average of nine days of a games room for employees to use
punctuality increased? per year to just five. Of course, theres still during mid-morning and lunch breaks. This
3. What changes have a lot to be done, but we feel that weve has all been set up in the basement area.
there been in the come a long way in addressing many of the Weve found that its a great way to motivate
number of days staff are problems that have been affecting us for staff, giving them time to relax and bond. As
taking off sick? the past few years. There has also been a part of this, weve bought a ping pong table,
4. By how much has output general increase in motivation at work, and a basketball hoop and a darts board. And
at work increased? weve seen output increase by at least 16% by next week, the two table-football tables
5. What conditions since this time last year. that we ordered last month will have arrived.
determine whether staff Since opening the games room, staff have
get company bonuses? So, what have we been doing to improve been using it almost constantly, especially
6. What have they done to things? Well, for a start, weve been the beds that we bought to allow staff to
help with punctuality? introducing a scheme so that employees have a short nap during the day.
7. They can use the games get bonuses if company production targets
room during mid- and sales figures are met. And if things Along similar lines, weve also organised a
morning and lunch carry on as they are, all employees will have number of teambuilding excursions. Weve
breaks. received a bonus by the end of next month. been on a kayaking trip along the river, and
8. What has been Weve also introduced a system whereby weve been paintballing a few times, which
particularly popular in employees and management set personal has been hugely popular. Weve also seen
the games room? targets. Then, the individual employee that... [fades out]

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FASHION, STYLE & CLOTHES Answers on page 44

Complete the sentences (1 to 8) with the words from below.

tonight recycle bright ceremony dress quickly trousers wash

1 Have on 2 Go together
If you have If clothes go together,
something on, the combination looks
youre wearing it. good.
What did you have I dont think these shoes
on for the award and go very
? well together.

4 Get into
If you cant get
into clothing,
its too small
for you.
3 Dress up
I cant get into
If you dress up, you put on these jeans any
your best clothes for a party, etc. more. They must
Arent you going to dress up for the have shrunk in the
party ? .

5 Pick out
If you pick out 6 Throw out
clothing, you choose it.
I took me ages to pick out If you throw out clothing,
this I just you put it in the rubbish bin.
couldnt decide which one Dont throw out your old clothes
would look best. them instead.

8 Stand out
If you stand
out, everyone
7 Wear out notices you
If clothing because
wears out, it youre wearing
becomes old something
and broken. unusual.
The shoes She really
wore out really stood out in the
so I had to throw green jacket she
them away! was wearing.

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Idioms Phrasal Verbs Listening files
ANSWERS Articles Great content Vocabulary

FASHION (PAGE 5) LISTENING (PAGE 12) to around 935. 1. She doesnt miss the hassle of BORIS JOHNSON (PAGE 39)
3 Reading II 2 Listening I looking after it, cleaning it and 3 Reading II
1. Taylor Swift; 2. Chiara Ferragni; 1. Down; 2. Down; 3. Down; TRAVEL ENGLISH (PAGE 19) putting petrol in it. 1. Because he invented a quote.
3. Marco; 4. Gigi Hadid; 5. Giorgio; 4. Down; 5. Down 1. tickets; 2. circle; 3. floor; 2. She wouldnt have a car in the 2. Because he was comparing it
6. Leighton Meester; 7. Luca 3 Listening II 4. band; 5. reduction; 6. support; city because public transport is to Hitlers Germany.
1.Robberies = they've fallen by 7. stage; 8. car park so good. 3. They were discussing beating
COUNTRIES (PAGE 6) 14% 3. She says she had to drive up an investigative journalist.
3 Reading II 2. Vehicle thefts = 128,000 CARPOOL KARAOKE (PAGE 26) everywhere and she couldnt 4. For having insulted the city of
1. India eats the least meat per last year compared to nearly 3 Reading II get around without a car. Portsmouth, saying it was full
person. 400,000 thirty years ago 1. her rapping skills; 4. She says they ask you take of drug addicts, obese people,
2. Venezuela has had the most 3. Murders = they're down from 2. Chris Moyles; 3. It was them everywhere and treat you etc.
Miss World winners. 638 last year to 550 this year breathing and fine; 4. in the like a taxi. 5. He discussed alcohol
3. The USA has the most guns 4. Burglaries = they've fallen grounds of the White House; 5. She doesnt like it when its consumption when this is
per person. by 4% compared to last year 5. through the streets of Los crowded, its late or theres a considered a sin for Sikhs.
4. San Marino has the least road when there were 300,053 Angeles; 6. Let Girls Learn problem with it. 6. Because his views on Europe
deaths. offences have changed over the years.
5. France has the most tourists. 5. The total number of recorded FAMOUS FAILURES (PAGE 27) DARWIN AWARDS (PAGE 37) He was previously pro-Europe,
6. The USA has the most crimes = it fell below the four 2 Reading I 3 Reading II but is now a Brexiteer.
billionaires. million mark to 3,976,312 1. Vincent Van Gogh; 2. Michael 1. Because he wanted to locate
7. Myanmar residents give the Jordan; 3. J. K. Rowling; 4. Albert the source of a noise it kept LISTENING (PAGE 40)
most to charity. FURNITURE (PAGE 14) Einstein; 5. Stephen King; 6. making. 3 Listening II
3 Reading II Abraham Lincoln ; 7. Michael 2. Because he didnt want to be 1. Theyve increased from 88% to
BOOKS (PAGE 7) 1. desk; 2. cabinet; 3. magnet; Jordan; 8. Vincent Van Gogh upstaged by his friend. 93% an increase of 5%.
3 Reading II 4. wood; 5. ceiling; 6. branch 3. They were singing with their 2. Theyve increased from 79% to
1. Because it showed a topless CREEPY PLACES (PAGE 28) heads out of the window. 91% an increase of 12%.
beachgoer. LANGUAGE MISTAKES (PAGE 15) 3 Reading II 4. Because he wanted to prove 3. Theyve dropped from an
2. Because it included the word 3 Reading II 1. creepiest; that his pen-gun really worked. average of nine days per year
ass. 1. toast and jam; 2. butter; 2. drowned; 5. Because he wanted to disguise to just five.
3. Witchcraft and supernatural 3. a donkey; 4. It means you 3. spot / place; himself prior to a robbery. 4. Output at work has increased
events. feel strange because youve 4. suicide; 6. Because he lit a cigarette and by at least 16%.
4. It included a bottle of wine. taken drugs; 5. It means 5. bodies; didnt know (or forgot) that he 5. They get a bonus if company
5. A fantasy about kissing a boy. youre pregnant; 6. joke 6. hanging had petrol all over his clothes. production targets and sales
figures are met.
1 Pre-listening 3 Reading II Listening II (PAGE 38) that records exactly what time
3 Reading II
1. I; 2D; 3. I; 4. D; 5. I; 6. D; 7. I 1. In 2007; 2. The Voice; 1. 29.8 million; people are getting in and
3 Listening II 3. The Happy Hippie Foundation; 2. France, the USA and Germany; 1. Because they hugged each leaving the office.
4. Wizards of Waverly Place; 3. 22.5 billion; other until the end of the 7. When can staff use the
5. Hotel Transylvania; 4. The USA, Germany and song. games room?
6. Trick-or-Treat France; 2. That love conquers fear, and 8. The beds they bought to allow
5. 53%; love conquers hate. staff to have a short nap.
LISTENING (PAGE 17) 6. 77%; 3. Because of its message of
Listening II 7. 92%; hope, inviting people to look to PHRASAL VERBS (PAGE 41)
1. They fell by 1.3%. 8. 85%; the future, not the past. 1. ceremony;
2. They went up by 3.9%. 9. 63% 4. She started crying during the 2. trousers;
THE JOB PRESENTATION 3. There was a slight rise of 0.4%. performance, and Ariana gave 3. tonight;
(PAGE 10) 4. They went from 900 a month GROUP TALK (PAGE 35) her a hug to comfort her. 4. wash;
3 Listening II to 955. 1 Pre-listening 5. Students own answer: 5. dress;
1. Languages; 2. Einstein; 5. They stayed at around 1d 2a 3e 4b 5c 6f possibly because of the build- 6. recycle;
3. stupid; 4. London; 5. Bristol; 620 per month. up of all the tension and 7. quickly;
6. Russian; 7. French; 8. Italy 6. They went from 915 a month 2 Listening II emotion during the concert. 8. bright


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GLOSSARY Editorial Department
to spell vb Spencer Stone assistant editor
the way you spell a word is the way you Phily McIvor art director
write it Mary Jones writer
Errors! the judge. Im going
to bark / bark vb / n
bark is the outside part of a tree; when a
Steve Brown writer
dog barks, it makes a loud sound Christine Saunders writer
A: I say, I say, I say, to have to make an woof exp Lorna Booth writer
the sound a dog makes when it barks
what word is always example of you, what did a trial n
spelt incorrectly? you steal? the judge a legal process to decide if someone is Blanca San Roman translation
innocent or guilty of a crime Magnus Coney proofreading
B: I dont know. asks the man. to shoplift vb
Sean Haughton proofreading
What word is always To which the man to steal something from a shop
a courtroom n
Natalia T. Piekarowicz proofreading
spelt incorrectly? responds, A tin of a building where trials (see previous Laurent Guiard French depart.
Jamie Broadway proofreading
A: Incorrectly! peaches. entry) happen
a judge n Heidi Mostafa interm
And the judge asks, the person who controls and manages Sarah Asch intern
Dogs! How many peaches
a trial
to make an example of exp
Simona Gheorghita intern
Vanessa Simmonds writer
A teacher asks a student, were there in the tin? if you make an example of someone,
you do something bad to him/her to show
Petra Bates writer
Pete, what is the outside Five, the man answers. other people what could happen to them Slim Pickens special intern
too if they do the same bad thing too Nick Hargreaves writer
part of a tree called? Thinking for a few a tin n
I dont know, the seconds, the judge a metal container for food (fruit,
vegetables, tuna fish, etc.). A can in US Printerman
student replies. eventually says, I hereby English
Getting angry, the teacher sentence you to five a peach n Audio Production
a round orange fruit with a soft skin and a
says, Bark, Pete, bark! months in prison a large stone in the middle
to which the student month for each peach! to sentence vb CD Production
if youre sentenced to prison, you must
replies, Woof, woof! The man drops to his go to prison HEP
to drop vb
Woof, woof! seat, devastated at the to fall ISSN 1577-7898
long sentence. devastated adj Depsito Legal M.14277.2001
Peaches! Suddenly, his ex-wife, who
someone who is devastated is shocked
and very sad about something
September 2017
your honour exp
A man is on trial for is also in the courtroom, this is how people address a judge in a Published by Hot English Publishing, S.L.
shoplifting. Hes standing jumps up and says, courtroom. Its like saying Sir Paseo de Extremadura, 21, Oficina 1A,
a pea n Madrid 28011, Spain
at the front of the Your honour, last week a very small, round, green vegetable Phone: (00 34) 91 549 8523
courtroom, listening to he stole a can of peas! Fax: (00 34) 672 317 912
What is LearnHot English magazine? Skype: hotenglishgroup
A monthly magazine for improving your English. Real English in genuine contexts.
Slang. British English. Practical language. US English. Fun and easy-to-read. Helpful
glossaries. Useful expressions. Readers from 16 to 105 years old. From pre-intermediate Cover/magazine images:
to advanced (CEF levels A2-C1). Ready-to-use lessons. Over 60 minutes of audio material
for you to listen to. Part of the Learn Hot English Method. Great website with free
material: All the English youll ever need! Daria Aksenova cover model

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