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Hospital Department

According to Dr. Roger Henderson, there are many hospital departments, satffed
by a wide variety of health care professional, with some crossover between
departments. For example physiotherapist often work in different departments and
the doctors do same, working on general medical ward as well as an intensive or
coronary care unit.
Below is a list of the main department you will come across when you visit a
hospital:
1. Accidend and Emergency (A and E)
This department is where you are likely to be taken if you have called an
ambulance in an emergency, it is also where you should come if you had
accident but make your own way to hospital. This department operate 24
hours.
2. Anasthetics
Doctors in this department give anasthetics for operation they are responsible
for the provision of: acute pain service (pain relief after operation), chronic
pain service, critical care services (pain relief those who have had a serious
accident of trauma) obsetric anesthesia and analgesia.
3. Breast Screening
This unit screen women for breast cancer, either through routine mammogram
examination or at the request of doctors. It is usually linked to an X-ray
department.
4. Cardiology
This department provides medical care to patients who have a problems with
their heart or circulation. It treats people on an inpatient and outpatient basis.
Typical procedur performed include: electrocardigram, echocardigram,
stroke, 24 hours blood pressure test, insertion of pacemakers and cardiac
catherisation.
5. Chaplaincy
Chaplaincy promote the spritual and pastoral welbeing of patients, relative
and staf. They are available to all members of staff for confidential counsel
and support irrespective of religion or race.
6. Critical Care
Sometimes call intensive care, this unit is for the most seriously ill patients. It
has a relatively small number of beds and is manned by specialist doctors and
nurses as well as by consultant anesthetists, physiotherapist and dietitians.
7. Diagnostic Imaging
Formely known as X-Ray, this departments provides a full range of
diagnostic imaging service including: general radiography, scans for A and E,
mammography, ultra sounds scan, angiography, interventional radiology, CT
Scanning.
8. Discharge Lounge
Many hospitals now have discharge lounges to help your final day in hospital
go smoothy. Patient who dont need to stay on the ward are transferred to
lounge on the day of the discharge. Staff will inform farmacy, transport, and
relatives of your transfer. To help pass the time, there are facilities such as:
TV, radio, magazines, puzzles books and newspapers.
9. Ear Nose and Throat (ENT)
The ENT department provides care for patients with a variety of problems
including : general ear, nose, and throat disease, neck lumps, cancer of the
head and neck area, tear duck problems, facial skin lesions etc.
10. Ederly Service Department
This department look after aa wide range of problems associated with the
elderly. This includes: stroke medicine, gastroenterology, diabetes, locomotor,
continence problems, syncope, bone disease.
11. Gastroenterology
This department investigate and treat upper and lower grastroentistinal
disease as well as disease of pancreas and bile duct system.
12. General Surgery
The general surgery ward covers a wide range of surgery and includes: day
surgery, thyroid surgery, kidney transplant, colon surgery etc.
13. Gynaecology
These departments investigate and treat problems of the female urinary tract
and reproductive organs such as: endometritis, infertillity and icontinence.
14. Haematology
Haematology services work closely with the hospital laboratory. These
doctors treat blood disease and malignancies linked to the blood with both
new referrals and emergency admissions being seen.
15. Maternity Department
Maternity wards provide antenatal care, care during childbirth and postnatal
support. Antenatal clinics provide monitoring for both routine and
complicated pregnancies.
16. Microbiology
The microbiology department looks at all aspects of microbiology, such as
bacterial and viral infections.
17. Neonatal Unit
Neonatal units have a number of cots that are used for intensive, high-
dependency and special care newborn babies.
18. Nephrology
This department monitor and assesses patients with kidney problems. They
also supervise the dialysis day unit for people who are waiting a kidney
transplant or who are unable to havea transplant for any reason.
19. Neurology
This unit deals with disorders of the nervous system including the brain and
spinal cord. It is run by doctors who specialize in this area and their staff.
20. Nutrition and Dietetic
Trained dietician and nutritionist provide specialist advice on diet for
hospitals wards and outpatient clinics, forming part of multidisciplinary team.
21. Obsetrics and Gynaecology Units
These units provide maternity services such as: atenatal and postnatal care,
prenatal diagnosis units, maternal and foetal surveillance.
22. Accupotional Therapy
This profession people who are physically or mentally impaired, including
temporary disability after medical treatment. It pratices in the field of birth
healthcare and sosial care.
23. Oncology
This departments provide radiotherapy and a full range of chemotherapy
treatments for cancerous tumors and blood disorders.
24. Ophthalmology
Eye departments provide a range of ophthalamic services for adult and
childern including: general clinic appointment, laser treatment, optometry etc.
25. Orthopaedics
Orthopaedics department treat problem that affect your musculoskeletal
system. That is your muscles, joints, bones, ligament, tendon and nerves.
26. Pain Management Clinics
Usually run by consultant anesthetist, these clinics aim to help treat patiens
with severe long term pain that appears resistant to normal treatments.
27. Pharmacy
The hospital pharmacy is run by pharmacists, pharmacy technicians and
attached staff.
28. Physiotherapy
Physiotherapists promote healing, for example after surgery, through
therapies such as exercise and manipulaation.
29. Radiotherapy
Run by a combination of consultant doctor and specially trained
radiotherapiests, this department provides radiotherapy (X-Ray) treatment for
condition such as : malignant tumors and cancer.
30. Renal Units
Closely linked with neprologhy terms at hospitals, these units provide
hemodialysis treatment for patients with kidney failure. Many of these
patients on waiting lists for a kindey transplant.
31. Rheumatology
Specialist doctors called rheumatologist run the unit and are experts in the
field of musculoskeletal disoders (bones, joints, ligament, tendons, muscles
andd nerves.
32. Sexual Health
This department provides a free and confidential service offering : advice,
testing, treatment for all sexually transmitted infection, family planing care,
pregnancy testing.
33. Urology
The urology department is run by consultant urology surgeons and their
surgical teams. It investigates all areas linked to kidney and bledder-based
problem.