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PROGRESS REPORT OF FRONTLINE DEMONSTRATIONS

ON OILSEED AND PULSE CROPS (2009-2010)


BY
KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA, KAPURTHALA
ON 7th AND 8th AUGUST, 2010 AT SIRSA, HISAR

BY
KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA,
KAPURTHALA

DIRECTORATE OF EXTENSION EDUCATION


PUNJAB AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
LUDHIANA
2

PROGRESS REPORT OF FRONTLINE DEMONSTRATIONS


ON OILSEED AND PULSE CROPS (2009-2010)
BY
KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA, KAPURTHALA
ON 7th AND 8th AUGUST, 2010 AT SIRSA, HISAR

INTRODUCTION
The adoption of Rice-Wheat cropping pattern under Punjab conditions, have resulted in
many problems like increase in insect pest and diseases, deficiency of micro- nutrients, lowering
down of water table and degradation of soil health. This system has also increased the cost of
production and ultimately reduced the margin of profits. Thus, it has become necessary to shift
some area from Rice- Wheat cultivation to oil seed and pulse crops. It will definitely uplift the soil
health status and at the same time, water level. Further, the available research findings show that
the prevailing yield per hectare of oil seed and pulse crops can still be increased considerably with
the available technology. Transfer of agriculture technology from lab to land has therefore become
a critical input to increase productivity and maintain sustainability in agriculture. In order to
popularize the cultivation of oilseed and pulse crops on large scale, front line demonstrations (FLD)
on oilseed and pulse crops were conducted to transfer latest production technology generated by
the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana among the various development agencies for its further
dissemination amongst the farming community. In this regard, KVK, Kapurthala conducted 22 FLD's
on Oilseed and 20 FLD's on Pulse crops during the year 2009-2010. The detail of FLDs is as under:

Table: 1 Yield obtained under FLDs and farmer’s practice of oilseed and pulse crops.

Sr. Name of Variety No. Area Average %


No. Crop of (ha) yield increase
FLDs (q/ha) over the
FLD FP FP
1. Sunflower PSH 569 12 4.8 20.8 19.6 6.1
2. Gobhi-Sarson GSC-6 10 4.0 16.3 14.4 13.2
3. Gram PBG-5 05 2.0 16.2 14.0 15.7
4. Moong SML-668 15 5.6 12.1 10.6 14.2

The increase in yield obtained under FLD was mainly due to adoption of recommended
package of practices which include use of improved varieties, proper method of sowing, application
of recommended fertilizer dose on the basis of the soil test reports and keeping the fields weeds-
free in addition to timely control of insect-pests and diseases. The farmers were fully convinced with
the new technology demonstrated by this Kendra.
3

A. PERFORMANCE OF OILSEED CROPS

1. SUNFLOWER

Technological gaps identified in Sunflower cultivation

1. Farmers use seed of un-recommended hybrids available in market.


2. Use of un-recommended insecticide for control of American boll worm.
3. No irrigation at critical growth stages (50% flowering and hard dough stage) which leads to
25% reduction in yield.
4. Farmers are not using fertilizers on the basis of soil test report.

Conductance of FLD on Sunflower

Crop/ Variety : Sunflower/ PSH-569


Area Sown : 4.8 ha
No. of Demonstration : 12
Farming Situation : Irrigated
Crop Rotation : Paddy-Potato-Sunflower/Paddy-Pea-Sunflower.

Improved package of practices followed for FLD on Sunflower

1. Seed : PSH 569 takes 105 days to yield 19.5 q/ha

2. Seed rate. : 5kg/ha

3. Seed Treatment : Thiram @ 2 g/kg seed.

4. Irrigation scheduling: Newly released variety PSH 569 was tested against hybrids of
private sectors and benefits of irrigation at critical growth
stages was demonstrated among farmers.

5. Spray Schedule : Thiodan 35 EC @ 2500 ml/ha was demonstrated at star bud


stage even before the attack of American boll worm. Spray of
Classic (Chlorpyriphos) @ 2500 ml/ha was also
demonstrated for control of American boll worm.
Soil Fertility Status

Sr. No Name and Address of Farmers O.C(%) P (kg/ha) K(kg/ ha)


01. Sh. Sheetal Singh S/o Sh. Surinder Singh,
Vill: Tibba 0.32 (L) 11.0 (L) 120.5 (L)
02. Sh. Gurmeet Singh S/o Sh. Tara Singh, Vill:
Amarkot 0.28 (L) 10.5 (L) 110.0 (L)
03. Sh. Sukhwinder Singh S/o Sh. Tara Singh,
Vill: Amarkot 0.26 (L) 9.5 (L) 125.0 (L)
04. Sh. Jaswant Singh S/o Sh. Pooran Singh,
Vill: Dariewal 0.24 (L) 10.0 (L) 130.5 (L)
4

05. Sh. Ranjit Singh S/o Sh. Nirmal Singh, Vill:


Ahmedpur Channa 0.28 (L) 10.0 (L) 135.0 (L)
06. Sh. Sh. Shingara Singh S/o Sh. Udham
Singh, Vill: Jhallbibri 0.34 (L) 8.0 (L) 102.0 (L)
07. Sh. Gurmeet Singh S/o Sh. Nanak Singh,
Vill: Jhalbibri 0.36 (L) 8.5 (L) 105.5 (L)
08. Sh. Manjit Singh S/o Sh. Darshan Singh,
Vill: Mohablipur 0.34 (L) 9.0 (L) 115.0 (L)
09. Sh. Jaspal Singh S/o Sh. Pritam Singh, Vill:
Amarjitpur 0.28 (L) 9.0 (L) 120.0 (L)
10. Sh. Joga Singh S/o Sh. Malkit Singh, Vill:
Jhal lai wala 0.28 (L) 9.5 (L) 125.0 (L)
11. Sh. Sucha Singh S/o Sh. Partap Singh, Vill:
Chak Kotla 0.26 (L) 10.0 (L) 120.0 (L)
12. Sh. Sukhjinder Singh S/o Sh. Tara Singh,
Vill: Mohablipur 0.32 (L) 10.5 (L) 116.0 (L)

Interpretation of values:

OC range : < 0.4 Low P range : < 12.5 Low K range: < 137.5 Low
(%) 0.4 to 0.75 Medium (kg/ha) 12.5 to22.5 Medium (kg/ha) >137.5 High
>0.75 High 22.5 to 50 High
> 50 Very High

Results:
Sr. Name and Address of Variety Are Date of Date Grain Yield Perc C:B
No Farmers a Sowing of (q/ha) ent Ratio
(ha) Harve Incr
s-ting ease
FLD’ F.P
s
01. Sh. Sheetal Singh S/o Sh. PSH 569 0.4 24-2-10 16-5-10 17.05 16.25 4.83 1:1.50
Surinder Singh, Vill: Tibba
02. Sh. Gurmeet Singh S/o PSH 569 0.4 25-2-10 4-6-10 21.0 20.0 5.10 1:1.70
Sh. Tara Singh, Vill:
Amarkot
03. Sh. Sukhwinder Singh S/o PSH 569 0.4 25-2-10 3-6-10 21.1 20.0 5.26 1:1.68
Sh. Tara Singh, Vill:
Amarkot
04. Sh. Jaswant Singh S/o PSH 569 0.4 25-2-10 3-6-10 22.2 21.0 5.71 1:1.30
Sh. Pooran Singh, Vill:
Dariewal
05. Sh. Ranjit Singh S/o Sh. PSH 569 0.4 26-2-10 5-6-10 22.9 21.3 7.69 1:1.46
Nirmal Singh, Vill:
Ahmedpur Channa
06. Sh. Sh. Shingara Singh PSH 569 0.4 26-2-10 6-6-10 20.6 19.4 6.25 1:1.40
S/o Sh. Udham Singh,
Vill: Jhallbibri
07. Sh. Gurmeet Singh S/o PSH 569 0.4 26-2-10 8-6-10 19.3 18.1 6.56 1:1.48
5

Sh. Nanak Singh, Vill:


Jhalbibri
08. Sh. Manjit Singh S/o Sh. PSH 569 0.4 27-2-10 8-6-10 21.4 20.3 5.71 1:1.27
Darshan Singh, Vill:
Mohablipur
09. Sh. Jaspal Singh S/o Sh. PSH 569 0.4 27-2-10 6-6-10 20.3 19.4 4.61 1:1.42
Pritam Singh, Vill:
Amarjitpur
10. Sh. Joga Singh S/o Sh. PSH 569 0.4 27-2-10 11-6-10 22.2 20.5 8.12 1:1.60
Malkit Singh, Vill: Jhal lai
wala
11. Sh. Sucha Singh S/o Sh. PSH 569 0.4 27-2-10 10-6-10 20.6 19.2 7.80 1:1.50
Partap Singh, Vill: Chak
Kotla
12. Sh. Sukhjinder Singh S/o PSH 569 0.4 4-3-10 13-6-10 21.4 20.5 4.61 1:1.80
Sh. Tara Singh, Vill:
Mohablipur
Average 20.8 19.6 6.1

Discussion
The fields of all the demonstrating farmers were low in organic matter (OC) therefore it was
recommended to apply 25% more urea fertilizer than the recommendations viz 157 kg/ ha whereas
Muriate of Potash was applied only when k was found to be low i.e. @ 137 kg/ ha. The grain yield in
FLDs plots varied from 22.9 q/ha to 17.05 q/ha and the percent increase in FLDs plot over farmers
plots was found to be 4.61% to 8.12%. Yield difference in FLDs plots was mainly due to application
of higher dose of 25% urea in FLD plot and application/ spray of chloropyriphose (Classic Brand) at
the star-bud stage. As compared to previous years, yield obtained was lower and this may be due
to higher temperature in the months of February and March.

Reactions/ Feedback of farmers


Hybrid PSH-569 seed's germination is very good but there is a problem in it’s proper
establishment in the ground as it fall earlier than the other varieties. Secondly, sowing of sunflower
seed at it's proper time depends upon the availability of the seed in the market at that very time.

Impact Assessment
There was an increase in the yield under FLD plots than the farmers plot due to adoption of
improved package of practices viz. fertilizer application on the soil test reports and spray of
Choloropyriphos at starbud stage against Heliothis.

2. GOBHI SARSON

Technological gaps identified in Gobhi Sarson cultivation

1. Farmers sow Gobhi Sarson by following broadcasting method.


2. No use of gypsum along with the DAP fertilizer.
3. Crop is sown on marginal land and mostly as intercrop with Berseem on bunds.
4. Spray of insecticides after heavy appearance of caterpillars.
6

5. Poor knowledge about varieties, fertilizers, pesticides etc.

Conductance of FLD on Gobhi Sarson.


Crop/ Variety : Gobhi Sarson/GSC-6
Area Sown : 4.0 ha
No. of Demonstration : 10
Farming Situation : Irrigated
Crop Rotation : Paddy-Gobhi Sarson

Package of practices followed for FLD on Gobhi Sarson.


1. Seed : GSC-6 is early maturing and takes 145 days to yield 14.67
q/ha. It was released in year 2007.

2. Time of sowing : October

3. Seed rate : 4.25 kg/ha

4. Method of sowing : Drill at 45X10 cm

Practices followed by farmer for sowing method.

Flat sowing : Broadcasting

5. Depth of sowing : 4-5 cm

6. Fertilizer : Use of urea @ 283 kg per ha. In soil having medium Organic
carbon content were demonstrated through FLD’s. Urea was
applied half at sowing and half with first irrigation.

7. Integrated pest : When the caterpillars of hairy caterpillar and cabbage


management caterpillar were in gregarious stage, demonstration was done
on picking and destroying the infested leaves as easy
mechanical control measure. But the grown up caterpillars was
controlled by using 2500 ml Thiodan 35 EC /ha.

8. ET level of : Farmers were demonstrated application of insecticide


insects (Dursban20 EC @ 900 to 1500 ml/ha. on the basis of need by
following economic threshold levels. (50-60 aphids/10 cm.
terminal portion of central shoot or average of 0.5 to 1.0 cm
terminal portion of central shoot was covered by aphids or 40-
50% plants infested by aphids).

Soil Fertility Status:


Sr. Name and Address of Farmers O.C (%) P K (kg/ha)
No (kg/ha)
1. Sh. Pritam Singh S/o Sh. Anokh Singh, Vill: Kanah 0.32 (L) 10.2 (L) 154.4 (H)
2. Sh. Sarwan Singh S/o Sh. Gurmail Singh, Vill: Boolpur 0.28(L) 11.4 (L) 162.2 (H)
3. Sh. Mukhtiar Singh S/o Sewa Singh, Vill: Bidhipur 0.26(L) 14.2 (M) 128.4 (H)
7

4. Sh. Harjit Singh S/o Sh. Mohinder Singh, Vill: Biharipur 0.24(L) 14.0 (M) 124.6(L)
5. Sh. Gurmeet Singh S/o Tara Singh, Vill: Amarkot 0.28(L) 16.0 (M) 122.2 (L)
6. Sh. Sukhjinder Singh S/o Sh. Tara Singh, Vill: 0.32(L) 10.4 (L) 118.4 (L)
Mohablipur
7. Sh. Amarjit Singh S/o Sh. Bachan Singh Vill Kahna 0.34(L) 10.6 (L) 148.6 (H)
8. Sh. Piara Singh S/o Sh. Ujjagar Singh, Vill: Bhanolanga 0.36(L) 11.4 (L) 150.2 (H)
9. Sh. Harjinder Singh S/o Sh. Gurdeep Singh, Vill: Patti 0.24(L) 16.2 (M) 158.4 (H)
Navi Bakash
10. Sh Sukhdev Singh S/o Sh. Batan Singh, Vill: Sherpur 0.26(L) 14.2(M) 155.2 (H)
Sadha

Results:
Sr. Name and Address Variety Are Date of Date of Grain Yield Percent C:B
No of Farmers a Sowing Harves- (q/ha) Increas Ratio
(ha) ting FLD’s Farmer' e
s
Practic
e
1. Sh. Pritam Singh S/o GSC-6 0.4 19-10-09 11-3-10 15.89 14.00 13.5 1:1.32
Sh. Anokh Singh, Vill:
Kanah
2. Sh. Sarwan Singh GSC-6 0.4 22-10-09 12-3-10 16.50 14.40 14.6 1:1.36
S/o Sh. Gurmail
Singh, Vill: Boolpur
3. Sh. Mukhtiar Singh GSC-6 0.4 22-10-09 13-3-10 15.30 13.30 15.0 1:1.42
S/o Sewa Singh, Vill:
Bidhipur
4. Sh. Harjit Singh S/o GSC-6 0.4 24-10-09 15-3-10 16.40 14.50 13.1 1:1.40
Sh. Mohinder Singh,
Vill: Biharipur
5. Sh. Gurmeet Singh GSC-6 0.4 28-10-09 15-3-10 14.80 13.00 13.8 1:1.28
S/o Tara Singh, Vill:
Amarkot
6. Sh. Sukhjinder Singh GSC-6 0.4 28-10-09 16-3-10 14.20 12.80 11.0 1:1.34
S/o Sh. Tara Singh,
Vill: Mohablipur
7. Sh. Amarjit Singh S/o GSC-6 0.4 28-10-09 16-3-10 15.20 13.50 12.6 1:1.40
Sh. Bachan Singh
8. Sh. Piara Singh S/o GSC-6 0.4 28-10-09 15-3-10 18.30 16.50 10.9 1:1.42
Sh. Ujjagar Singh,
Vill: Bhanolanga
9. Sh. Harjinder Singh GSC-6 0.4 28-10-09 17-3-10 18.80 16.50 13.9 1:1.38
S/o Sh. Gurdeep
Singh, Vill: Patti Navi
Bakash
10. Sh Sukhdev Singh GSC-6 0.4 29-10-09 17-3-10 17.94 15.80 13.5 1:1.36
S/o Sh. Batan Singh,
Vill: Sherpur Sadha
8

Average 16.33 14.43 13.19

Discussion
The per cent increase in yield of Gobhi Sarson under FLD plots varied from 10.9 to
15.0 over the farmers practice. The variation in grain yield was probably due to the difference in soil
fertility status as apparent from soil analysis done before laying out demonstrations. Highest grain
yield (18.80 q/ha) was obtained at the field of Sh. Harjinder Singh of village Patti Navi Bakash
where the inherent fertility status analysis of soil revealed that soils were medium in available
phosphorous (16.2 kg/ha) and high in available potash (158.4 kg/ha) as compared to Sh.
Sukhjinder Singh of Village Mohablipur where soil status was low in phosphorous (10.4 kg/ha) and
potash (118.4 kg/ha). Further weather conditions at growing and harvesting stage have also
affected the yields obtained. The increase observed in the FLD plot over the farmer practice was
probably due to the application of fertilizers as per soil test reports and spray of insecticides at ET
level of insects.

Reactions/ Feed back of farmers


Farmers were fully convinced regarding the application of fertilizers on the soil test report.

Impact Assessment
It was established that the higher yield in the FLD plots, mainly due to proper adoption of
package of practices for the Gobhi Sarson cultivation viz. recommended use of fertilizers and
properly spray of insecticides at the ET level of insects.

B. PERFORMANCE OF PULSE CROPS

3. GRAM

Technological gaps identified in Gram cultivation

- Farmers sow seed after procuring from market of unknown variety.


- No seed treatment is done before sowing.
- Gram is sown on flat surface by broadcasting method and thereafter ridges are made
with potato ridger. Some farmers follow kera method to sow Gram on flat surface.
- Farmers spray insecticides and pesticides of un-recommended brands on the advice of
dealers. Moreover, spray is done after severe attack of insect pest or a disease.
- Farmers do not read literature before undertaking an activity in the field.

Conductance of FLD on Gram.

Crop/ Variety : PBG-5


Area Sown : 2.0 ha
No. of Demonstration : 05
Farming Situation : Irrigated
Crop Rotation : Paddy/Maize-Gram
9

Package of practices followed for FLD on Gram

1. Seed : PBG-5 variety of Gram was recommended for cultivation in


whole of the Punjab State in year 2005 under irrigated
conditions. It takes 165 days and
average yield is 17.0 q/ha.

2. Time of sowing : 25th October to 10th November.

3. Seed rate : 60 kg/ ha.

4. Method of sowing :

Sowing on beds : Gram was sown on beds in 2 lines made with the help of
bed planter under FLD plot.

Practices followed by farmer for sowing method.

Flat sowing : Gram was sown on flat surface by Kera method at a spacing
of 45 cm.

Gram on ridges : Seed was broadcasted on flat surface and there after
ridges were made with Potato ridger.

5. Seed treatment : Seed was treated with Bavistin+Thiram (1.5g+1.5 g) per kg of


seed against blight.

6. Depth of sowing : 12.5 cm deep sowing was preferred

7. Fertilizers : Fertilizers were applied as per the soil test report under
FLD plot.

8. Spray schedule :

For control of Pod Borer: Spray of 2.5 litre Thiodan 35 EC or 400 ml Decis 2.8 EC per
ha. was demonstrated.

For control of Blight : Indofil M-45 @ 900 g/ha was applied in February-March.

Soil Fertility Status:

Sr. No Name and Address of Farmers O.C (%) P (kg/ha) K (kg/ha)


1. 1 Sh. Pritam Singh S/o Sh. Anokh Singh, 0.32 (L) 10.4 (L) 155.0 (H)
Vill: Kanah
2. Sh. Hardev Singh S/o Sh. Ajit Singh, Vill: 0.34 (L) 11.6 (L) 140.2 (H)
Dhapai
3. Sh. Joga Singh S/o Sh. Buta Singh, Vill: 0.38 (L) 13.2 (M) 126.4 (L)
Khalru
10

4. Sh. Sheetal Singh S/o Sh. Surinder Singh, 0.28 (L) 12.0 (L) 130.2 (L)
Vill: Tibba
5. Sh. Dharam Singh S/o Sh. Kishan Singh, 0.26 (L) 14.0 (M) 150.6 (H)
Vill: Sukhia Nangal

Interpretation of values:

OC range : < 0.4 Low P range : < 12.5 Low K range : < 137.5 Low
(%) 0.4 to 0.75 Medium (kg/ha) 12.5 to22.5 Medium (kg/ha) >137.5 High
>0.75 High 22.5 to 50 High
> 50 Very High

Results:

Sr. Name and Address of Variety Are Date of Date of Grain Yield Perce C:B
No Farmers a Sowing Harves- (q/ha) nt Ratio
(ha) ting FLD’s Farme Increa
r's se
Practic
e
1. Sh. Pritam Singh S/o PBG-5 0.4 28-10-09 10-4-10 15.45 13.75 12.4 1:1.72
Sh. Anokh Singh,
Vill: Kanah
2. Sh. Hardev Singh PBG-5 0.4 29-10-09 9-4-10 16.20 14.50 11.8 1:1.62
S/o Sh. Ajit Singh,
Vill: Dhapai
3. Sh. Joga Singh S/o PBG-5 0.4 03-11-09 13-4-10 18.05 15.00 20.4 1:1.78
Sh. Buta Singh, Vill:
Khalru
4. Sh. Sheetal Singh PBG-5 0.4 03-11-09 12-4-10 16.30 13.75 18.6 1:1.54
S/o Sh. Surinder
Singh, Vill: Tibba
5. Sh. Dharam Singh PBG-5 0.4 06-11-09 13-4-10 14.97 13.00 15.2 1:1.60
S/o Sh. Kishan
Singh, Vill: Sukhia
Nangal
Average 16.2 14.0 15.7

Discussion :
The per cent increase in grain yield varied from 11.8 to 20.4 in FLD plots over the
farmer's practice. The highest percent increase was observed on the field of Sh. Joga Singh of
village Khalru viz 20.4% and the grain yield was also reported to be highest from the same
farmer viz 18.05 q/ha in FLD's plot. This may be due to good inherent soil fertility. The increase
in yield in FLD plots could be attributed to timely management of weeds, insect pests (by
spraying Thiodan at flowering time) and application of fertilizers on the basis of soil test repots
whereas in the farmers plot, they followed the indigenous techniques. Further in FLD plots, the
crop sown on the raised bed was better than the flat sown at the farmer’s field
11

Reactions/Feed back of farmers


• Farmers convinced about the role that is played by Thiodan at the flowering stage as
compared to other stages of plant growth.
• Farmers convinced about the better performance of crop on the ridges as compared to
flat sown.
• Farmers convinced regarding the use of fertilizers on the basis of soil test report.

Impact Assessment

Yield under FLD plots was definitely better than farmer’s plots and it was mainly due to
adoption of improved package of practices at the proper time.

4. MOONG (SML-668)

Technological gaps identified in Moong cultivation


- Farmers do not sow Moong on ridges.
- They apply fertilizers without soil test report.
- Untimely spray of insecticide against white fly.

Conductance of FLD on Moong


Crop/ Variety : Moong /SML-668
Area Sown : 5.6
No. of Demonstration : 15
Farming Situation : Irrigated
Crop Rotation : Summer Moong-Rice-Gobhi Sarson

Package of practices followed for FLD on Moong

1. Seed : SML-668 was released for cultivation in Punjab in year 2002. It


possesses early and synchronous maturity (60 days). Average
grain yield is 11.25 qt/ha.

2. Time of sowing : March-April

3. Seed rate : 37.5 kg/ha

4. Method of sowing : Sown with seed drill in rows- 22.5 cm apart with plant
to plant distance 7 cm.

Practices followed by farmer for sowing method.

Flat sowing : Broadcasting

5. Seed treatment : Captan or Thiram @ 3 g/kg of seed

6. Depth of sowing : 4-6 cm


12

7. Fertilizers : As per soil test report in the FLD’s plots.

8. Spray schedule :

For control of Pod Borer: Spray the crop at appearance of larvae with 2.50 litre of
Thiodan35 EC per ha.

For control of White fly: 625 ml Rogor 30 EC/ha or 625 ml/ha Metasystox 25 EC in 250
litre water.
Yellow Mosaic virus : Rogue out the effected plants.

Soil fertility status:


Sr. Name and Address of Farmers O.C P K
No (%) (kg/ha) (kg/ha)
1. Sh. Gurmeet Singh S/o Sh. Tara Singh, Vill: Amarkot 0.28 (L) 9.5(L) 110.0(L)
2. Sh. Pardeep Singh S/o Sh. Surinder Singh, Village Nurowal 0.24(L) 9.0(L) 130.5(L)
3. Sh. Sukhwinder Singh S/o Sh. Mohinder Singh Village 0.30(L)
Blerkhanpur 10.0(L) 126.5(L)
4. Sh. Lakha Singh S/o Sh. Arjun Singh, Village Fattu Chack 0.32(L) 10.5(L) 101.5(L)
5. Sh. Satnam Singh S/o Sh. Dalip Singh, Village Miani 0.36(L) 8.0(L) 135.0(L)
6. Sh. Sukhjinder Singh S/o Sh. Tara Singh, Village Mohablipur 0.32(L) 7.0(L) 110.0(L)
7. Sh. Jhirmal Singh S/o Sh. Fouja Singh, Village Fattu Chack 0.28(L) 6.5(L) 150.5(H)
8. Sh. Joginder Singh S/o Sh. Khajan Singh, Village Miani 0.26(L) 6.0(L) 166.0(H)
9. Sh. Davinderplan Singh S/o Sh. Manjit Singh, Village 0.24(L)
Dariewal 5.5(L) 145.0(H)
10. Sh. Piara Singh S/o Sh. Mela Singh Village Boolpur 0.26(L) 6.5(L) 105.0(L)
11. Sh. Pritam Singh S/o Sh. Anokh Singh, Village Kahna 0.34(L) 6.5(L) 105.0(L)
12. Sh. Niranjan Singh S/o Sh. Bachan Singh, Village Barindpur 0.26(L) 7.0(L) 110.0(L)
13. Sh. Jasbir Singh S/o Sh. Niranjan Singh Village Bhagatpur 0.28(L) 7.5(L) 105.0(L)
14. Sh. Dyal Singh S/o Sh. Harnam Singh , Village Bhagatpur 0.32(L) 8.0(L) 106.0(L)
15. Sh. Rajwant Singh S/o Sh. Laxman Singh, Village Jagirpur 0.36(L) 8.5(L) 120.5(L)

Interpretation of values:
OC range : < 0.4 Low P range : < 12.5 Low K range : < 137.5 Low
(%) 0.4 to 0.75 Medium (kg/ha) 12.5 to22.5 Medium (kg/ha) >137.5 High
>0.75 High 22.5 to 50 High
> 50 Very High
13

Results

Sr. Name of farmers Area DOS DOH Grain yield % C:B Ratio
No (ha) increase
. FLDs FM
1. Sh. Gurmeet Singh S/o 0.4 23-3-10 8-6-10 11.75 10.5 12.0 1:1.42
Sh. Tara Singh, Vill:
Amarkot
2. Sh. Pardeep Singh S/o 0.4 23-3-10 10-6-10 12.33 10.7 15.3 1:1.56
Sh. Surinder Singh,
Village Nurowal
3. Sh. Sukhwinder Singh 0.4 24-3-10 9-6-10 14.55 12.5 16.4 1:1.62
S/o Sh. Mohinder
Singh Village
Blerkhanpur
4. Sh. Lakha Singh S/o 0.4 25-3-10 9-6-10 13.10 11.30 16.4 1:1.44
Sh. Arjun Singh,
Village Fattu Chack
5. Sh. Satnam Singh S/o 0.4 25-3-10 10-6-10 13.25 11.5 14.2 1:1.60
Sh. Dalip Singh, Village
Miani
6. Sh. Sukhjinder Singh 0.4 25-3-10 11-6-10 10.8 9.5 13.8 1:1.52
S/o Sh. Tara Singh,
Village Mohablipur
7. Sh. Jhirmal Singh S/o 0.4 25-3-10 9-6-10 13.75 12.0 14.5 1:1.54
Sh. Fouja Singh,
Village Fattu Chack
8. Sh. Joginder Singh S/o 0.4 26-3-10 11-6-10 13.35 11.62 14.8 1:1.48
Sh. Khajan Singh,
Village Miani
9. Sh. Davinderplan 0.4 26-3-10 13-6-10 11.68 9.88 18.2 1:1.35
Singh S/o Sh. Manjit
Singh, Village Dariewal
10. Sh. Piara Singh S/o 0.4 26-3-10 12-6-10 12.00 10.3 16.4 1:1.50
Sh. Mela Singh Village
Boolpur
11. Sh. Pritam Singh S/o 0.4 28-3-10 8-6-10 11.5 10.3 12.2 1:1.45
Sh. Anokh Singh,
Village Kahna
12. Sh. Niranjan Singh S/o 0.4 28-3-10 6-6-10 11.15 10.00 11.50 1:1.60
Sh. Bachan Singh,
Village Barindpur
13. Sh. Jasbir Singh S/o 0.2 29-3-10 8-6-10 10.8 9.75 10.90 1:1.62
Sh. Niranjan Singh
Village Bhagatpur
14. Sh. Dyal Singh S/o Sh. 0.2 29-3-10 15-6-10 11.4 10.0 14.35 1:1.48
Harnam Singh , Village
Bhagatpur
15. Sh. Rajwant Singh S/o 0.4 29-3-10 13-6-10 10.50 9.40 12.10 1:1.66
Sh. Laxman Singh,
Village Jagirpur
Average 12.1 10.6 14.2
14

Discussion

The pecent increase in FLDs plots over farmers plot in terms of grain yield varied from 10.90
to 18.2%. The increase in FLD plots was mainly due to adoption of improved package of cultivation
viz. 25% more urea than recommended as all the plots has low O.C (%).

Reactions/Feed back of farmers

- Both the farmers were convinced with the sowing of Moong with drill.
- SML-668 is a good variety and comparatively resistant to white fly.
- The inherent soil fertility improved.

Impact Assessment

There was an increase in the yield of moong in FLD plots than farmer’’s field due to adoption
of improved package of practices for moong cultivation.

Demonstrations conducted to demonstrate the effect of Timely spray of thiodan and


application of fertilizers on the basis of soil test basis.

1. Result of demonstrations regarding the use of higher dose of urea in plots having low
O.C (%) in Sunflower during 2009-10

Sr. Name & Variety Area O.C (%) Date of Date of Yield qt/ha %
No. address of sowing harvesti increase
farmer ng Farmer’s FLD
Practice
1. Sh. PSH 2 acre 0.32% 4-3-10 10-6-10 20.0 20.3 1.10
Sukhwinde 569 (Low)
r Singh S/o
Sh. Tara
Singh, Vill:
Mohablipur
2. Sh. PSH 2 acre 0.28 % 5-3-10 12-6-10 21.3 21.8 2.35
Harnaik 569 (Low)
Singh S/o
Sh. Ajit
Singh, Vill:
Mohablipur
3. Sh. Jaspal Advanta 2 acre 0.34% 6-3-10 10-6-10 19.25 19.45 1.15
Singh S/o 3776 (Low)
Sh. Pritam
Singh, Vill:
Amarjitpur
4. Sh. Pioneer 2 acre 0.28% 10-3-10 12-6-10 20.25 20.65 2.00
Sarabjit 6457 (Low)
Singh S/o
Sh. Jagir Advanta 2 acre 0.26% 15-3-10 12-6-10 19.5 19.7 1.15
Singh, Vill: 3776 (Low)
15

Paramjitpu
r
Average 20.1 20.4 1.45

Discussion
It is observed that in these demonstrations, yield increase was 1.10 to 2.35% higher than the
farmer’s field. These demonstrations are being conducted to study the effect of higher dose (25%
more) of Urea on yield of sunflower plots having low O.C (%).

2. Result of demonstrations of Sunflower regarding control of cabbage semi-looper


through 2 sprays of Thiodan (@ 1250 ml /ha).

Sr. Name and address Variety Area Date of Date of Yield %


No of farmer (ha) Sowing harvesti (qt/ha) increase
ng
FLD FP
1. Sh. Joginder Singh s/o Advanta 0.8 26-2-10 9-6-10 17.3 16.87 2.25
sh. Pal Singh, Vill: 275
Toganwal
2. Sh. Sukhjinder Singh Advanta 1.0 4-3-10 12-6-10 17.4 17.0 2.10
S/o Sh. Tara Singh Vill: 309
Mohablipur
3 Sh. Amar Singh S/o Advanta 0.4 14-2-10 5-6-10 18.05 17.75 1.75
Sh. Isher Singh, Vill: 309
Chak Kotla Mobile No.
4 Sh. Kuldeep Singh S/o Advanta 0.8 6-3-10 10-6-10 19.73 19.37 1.80
Sh. Jit Singh, Vill: 309
Mohablipur Mobile No.
5 Sh. Manjit Singh S/o Advanta 1.0 26-2-10 8-6-10 19.77 19.37 2.00
Sh. Darshan Singh, 309
Vill: Chak Kotla
6 Sh. Pritam Singh S/o Advanta 1.0 20-2-10 7-6-10 19.10 18.75 1.85
Sh. Anokh Singh, Vill: 309
Kahna
7 Sh. Harjinder Singh S/o Advanta 1.0 21-2-10 8-6-10 19.83 19.5 1.65
Sh. Gurdeep Singh, 309
Vill: Patti Navi Bakash
8 Sh. Gurmeet Singh S/o Pioneer 0.8 19-2-10 10-6-10 21.1 20.8 1.70
Sh. Tara Singh, Vill: 6457
Amarkot
9 Sh. Manjinder Singh Advanta 0.4 25-2-10 10-6-10 18.58 18.3 1.72
S/o Sh. Gurmeet 309
Singh, Vill: Biharipur
10. Sh. Harvinder Singh Advanta 0.4 5-3-10 11-6-10 18.45 18.13 1.85
s/o Sh. Gurdeep Singh, 309
Vill: Patti Navi Bakash
16

Average 18.9 18.6 1.87

Disucussion
It is observed that timely application of Thiodan @ 1250 ml /ha against the Semi-
looper on Sunflower increase the grain yield from 1.65 to 2.25%.

3. Result of demonstrations of Sunflower (PSH 569) in collaboration Deptt. of Pant


Breeding

Sr. Name and address of Date of Date of Grain Yield (qt/ha) % increase
No farmer Sowing harvestin
g
PSH- Advanta-
569 309
1. Sh. Joginder Singh S/o 26-2-10 10-6-10 20.43 17.44 5.50
Sh. Pal Singh, Vill:
Toganwal
2. Sh. Nirmal Singh S/o Sh. 27-2-10 9-6-10 20.0 18.80 6.65
Mohinder Singh, Village
Nasirpur
3. Sh. Parminder Singh S/o 27-2-10 10-6-10 21.0 20.3 4.83
Sh. Surinder Singh, Village
Nasirpur
4. Sh. Sheetal Singh S/o Sh. 26-2-10 8-6-10 21.1 20.3 4.00
Surinder Singh, Village
Tibba
5. Sh. Shangara Singh S/o 27-2-10 10-6-10 21.0 18.8 7.15
Sh. Uttam Singh Village
Jhalbibri
6. Sh. Swaran Singh S/o Sh. 28-2-10 12-6-10 20.3 19.13 6.10
Chanan Singh, Village
Jhalbibri
7. Sh. Sarwan Singh S/o Sh. 1-3-10 12-6-10 19.1 18.13 5.10
Gurmail Singh, Village
Boolpur
8. Sh. Gurmeet Singh S/o 1-3-10 10-6-10 17.5 16.63 5.35
Sh. Tara Singh, Village
Amarkot
Average 20.1 18.7 5.6

Discussion
It is observed that PSH-569 has an edge over Advanta-309 in terms of grain yield from
4.83% to 7.15%.
17

WEATHER DATA
The month wise data on the total rainfall occurred was as under:

Sr.No. Month 2007(mm) 2008 (mm) 2009(mm) 2010 (mm)


1. January 6.0 20.2 22.6 4.2
2. February 137.0 6.5 32.2 21
3. March 90.5 ---- 23.7 3.4
4. April 14.0 65.4 30.8 ----
5. May 23.4 71.4 8.00 8.6
6. June 45.6 227.6 8.00 8.9
7. July 104.9 255.8 325.6
8. August 119.2 292.0 224.8
9. September 20.0 ---- 48.4
10. October ---- 8.8 34.0
11. November ---- ---- 4.4
12. December 9.5 1.1 ----

EXTENSION ACTIVITIES UNDERTAKEN:

The following programmes were organized on the conductance of Front-line Demonstrations on


Oilseed and Pulse crops.

Sr. Activities No. of Date Village No. of Partici-


No. Progra pants
mme
A. SUNFLOWER

1. Field days 02 21/05/10, Amarkot, 71


01/06/10 Mahablipur

2. Farmer Trainings 01 5/5/10 Tibba 12

3 Field Visits 05 2/3, 4/5, 5/5, 20/5, Togawal, 42


23/5 Amarkot (2),
Tibba,
Mahablipur,

4 Farmer meetings 02 20/5/10, Mahablipur, 25


. 23/5/10 Amarkot
.
B. Gobhi Sarson
1. Field days 02 28/1/10, Kahna, 50
26/2/10 Mahablipur
2. Farmer Trainings 01 15/1/10 Boolpur 13
18

3 Field Visits 10 4/11,23/12, 7/1, Kanah (2), 92


14/1, 15/1, Amarkopt(1) ,
22/1, 27/1, 1/02 Mahablipur (1),
26/2, Boolpur (6)
26/3
4 Farmer meetings 02 14/1, 1/02, 26/3 Boolpur, 28
. Kahna
.
C. GRAM
1. Field days 02 19/2/10, Dhapai 41
10/3/10
2. Farmer Trainings 01 14/1/10 Kahna 11
3 Field Visits 08 30/12, 7/1, 14/1, 3/2, Dhapai,(4) 54
16/2, 26/2, 10/3, Kahna (3),
25/3/10 Blarikhanpur
(1)
4 Farmer meetings 02 16/2/10, Dhapai, 22
. 25/3/10 Blairkhnapur
.
D. MOONG
1. Field days 02 7/5/10, Barindpur, 45
19/510 Kahna
2. Farmer Trainings 01 06/05/10 Blairkhanpur 13
3 Field Visits 04 4/5, 6/5, 7/5, 2/6 Barindpur (2), 38
Blairkhanpur,
Kahna

4 Farmer meetings 01 28/5/10 Amarkot 15


.
.

CRITICAL INPUTS USED IN THE DEMONSTRATION PLOTS:

INPUTS GOBHI- SUNFLOWER GRAM MOONG


SARSON
Seed GSC-6 @ 3.75 PSH-569 @ 5 PBG-5 @ 60 SML-668 @ 37.5 kg/ha
kg/ha. kg/ha kg/ha

Fertilizer Urea @ -------- -------- --------


280kg/ha
19

Thiodan Applied @ -------- Applied @ --------


2500ml/ha 2500ml/ha

Cholropyrip -------- Applied -------- --------


hose 2500ml/ha

*In addition to this, we had also applied thiodan @ 2500ml/ha in 12 sunflower plots against
cabbage semi-looper and applied urea @156.3 kg/ha in the demonstration plots to use of urea
in 5 sunflower plots having low O.C (%) content.

BUDGET UTILIZATION 2009-2010:

In order to provide critical inputs like seed of improved varieties fertilizers, insecticides,
pesticides etc. to the farmers a budget is allocated for conductance of FLD by the Indian Council of
Agricultural Research, New Delhi during the year 2009-2010. The detail of budget allocated and
utilized was as under:

Sr.No. Crop Particular Sanction Amount Balance (Rs.)


Amount Utilized (Rs.)
(Rs.)
PULSE CROPS
1. Gram Critical Inputs 7000=00 6000=00 1000=00
Extension Activities 1000=00 732=00 268=00
Contingency 1000=00 885=00 115=00
2. Moong Critical Inputs 21000=00 21000=00 -----
Extension Activities 3000=00 ----- 3000=00
Contingency 3000=00 ----- 3000=00
Total 36000=00 28617=00 7383=00
OILSEED CROPS
3. Gobhi Sarson Critical Inputs 14000=00 9318=00 4682=00
Extension Activities 2000=00 1157=00 843=00
Contingency 2000=00 200=00 1800=00
4. Sunflower Critical Inputs 28000=00 4800=00 23200=00
Extension Activities 4000=00 300=00 3700=00
Contingency 4000=00 2160=00 1840=00
Total 54000=00 17935=00 13727=00
20

THE POLICY CONSIDERATIONS

There is an urgent need to enforce MSP (Minimum Support Price) as local dealers
make purchases at lower price than MSP. There is need to create marketing cells so as to
generate the marketing demand of various crops.

FUTURE PLAN FOR FLD’S DURING THE YEAR 2010-2011

Sr.No. Crop Area (ha) proposed for


carrying out Front Line
Demonstrations plots
during 2010-2011
1. Gobhi-sarson 4.0
2. Sunflower 6.0
3. Gram 2.0

4. Moong 6.0

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