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Gambar 3-32.

Pemilihan antara structured packing atau tray dengan performa tinggi


dalam pemasangan distilasi [6]
Skema kombinasi diatas disebut skema interpolasi. Kister dkk. Telah
mempublikasikan sebuah atlas dari bagan interpolasi, bersama dengan prosedur rinci dalam
penggunaannya. Dalam atlas ini terdapat bagan individual untuk tiap packing beserta
packing factor-nya. Lihat [16] untuk informasi lebih lanjut. Bagan pemilihan yang
membandingkan antara tray dengan susunan packing ditampilkan pada gambar 3-32.

Keterangan
DT = diameter kolom
Em = efisiensi tray Murphree
F = laju alir mole dari umpan masuk
Fp = faktor spesifik packing terhadap berbagai jenis packing, tak berdimensi
L mass = laju alir massa dari cairan
LS = laju alir mole dari cairan pada bagian stripping
LR = laju alir mole dari cairan pada bagian rectification
Nm = angka minimum dari stage teoritis yang ada pada kolom
P1 = tekanan uap atau tekanan parsial dari komponen 1 murni
P2 = tekanan uap atau tekanan parsial dari komponen 2 murni
q = kondisi termal dari umpan
Rm = rasio refluk minimum, L/D
SF = faktor pemisahan
t = suhu, oC atau oF
US = kecepatan uap superfisial, ft/s
Vmass = laju alir massa dari uap
VS = laju alir mole dari uap pada bagian stripping
VR = laju alir mole dari uap pada bagian rectification
xLD = fraksi mole dari komponen ringan dalam distilat
xLF = fraksi mole dari komponen ringan dalam umpan
= volatilitas relatif
i = koefisien aktifitas spesifik untuk sistem tertentu
= densitas gas dan cairan, lb/ft3
= konstatanta refluk minimum Underwood
= viskositas dinamis, cP
v = viskositas kinematis, cSt (=viskositas dinamis, cP, dibagi densitas cairan, g/cm3)

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