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Homework 2

10 questions, 2 points each


Due 2/2

-1. Expression of a phenotype that is intermediate to those of the parents is known as


__expressivity__. What is an example of this condition in humans? Dominant allele
homozygotes having a bent little finger on both hands.

-2. Syndrome Q is caused by a recessive allele (q). A couple wants to know the probability that
they will have a child with this disorder. If you were a genetic counselor, what would you tell
them the probability is if:
a. each has one affected parent (qq) and one parent with no family history of the disorder (QQ).
100% would be not affected by the gene, but they would be heterozygous meaning they
are a carrier for the genes.
b. the woman is affected by the disorder and the man is not (with no family history of it).
100% would be not affected by the gene, but they would be heterozygous meaning they
are a carrier for the genes.
c. the man is affected by the disorder and the woman has one affected parent and one parent with
no family history of it.
50% would be homozygous recessive being affected by the gene while the other 50%
would be heterozygous meaning they would be carries of the gene.

-3. On a pedigree, a person is represented by filled in square that is located on a line labeled by a
Roman numeral II. Describe what you know about this person. Second generation male that is
affected

-4. A mating between two related individuals, such as first cousins, is called _Consanguinity.

-5. Using either a 4x4 Punnett square or multiplication of individual probabilities, determine the
phenotypic ratio resulting from the following two-trait (dihybrid) cross: SSYy x ssyy. Show your
work. (S=smooth, s=wrinkled; Y=yellow, y=green)
SY Sy SY Sy
sy SYsy Sysy Sysy SYsy
sy SYsy Sysy Sysy SYsy
sy SYsy Sysy Sysy SYsy
sy SYsy Sysy Sysy SYsy

-6. What is a proband? First family member who seeks medical attention for genetic disorder

-7. People with __Albinism__ carry two copies of a recessive allele and cannot make a pigment
called melanin. The likelihood of an individual having this disorder when both parents are
heterozygous for the disorder is ___25%___.

-8. What are the possible genotypes for the following blood types?
a. type A- AA or AO genotypes
b. type AB- AB genotype
c. type O- OO genotypes

-9. What is a locus?


It is the position of a gene on a chromosome.

-10. How many basic patterns of Mendelian inheritance are there? List them.
5. Autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked Dominant, X-linked recessive,
and Mitochondrial