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OHSAS 18001

ISO 18001 redirects here. For the radio frequency stan- 2 Development
dard, see ISO/IEC 18000.
OHSAS 18001, Occupational Health and Safety Assess- Recognizing this decit, an international collaboration
called the Occupational Health and Safety Assessment
Series (OHSAS) Project Group was formed to create
a single unied approach. The Group comprised rep-
resentatives from national standards bodies, academic
bodies, accreditation bodies, certication bodies and
occupational safety and health institutions,[2] with the
UKs national standards body, BSI Group, providing the
Drawing on the best of existing standards and schemes,
the OHSAS Project Group published the OHSAS 18000
Series in 1999. The Series consisted of two specica-
tions: 18001 provided requirements for an OHS manage-
ment system and 18002 gave implementation guidelines.
As of 2005, around 16,000 organizations in more than 80
countries were using the OHSAS 18001 specication.[4]
By 2009 more than 54,000 certicates had been issued
in 116 countries to OHSAS or equivalent OHSMS stan-

3 Adoption as British Standard

Certicate of conformity to OHSAS 18001:2007

The OHSAS 18001 specication was updated in July
2007. Among other changes, the new specication
was more closely aligned with the structures of ISO
ment Series, (ocially BS OHSAS 18001) is an interna- 9000 and ISO 14000 so that organizations could more
tionally applied British Standard for occupational health easily adopt OHSAS 18001 alongside existing manage-
and safety management systems. It exists to help all kinds ment systems.[5] Additionally, the health component of
of organizations put in place demonstrably sound occupa- health and safety was given greater emphasis.[6]
tional health and safety performance. It is a widely rec-
Later, the BSI Group decided to adopt OHSAS 18001 as
ognized and popular occupational health and safety man-
a British standard.[5] BSI Group subsequently adopted the
agement system.[1]
updated 18002 guidance specication for publication as
BS OHSAS 18002 in 2008.

1 Origins 4 How they work

Organizations worldwide recognize the need to control Its supporters claim that an occupational health and
and improve health and safety performance and do so safety management system (OHSMS) promotes a safe
with occupational health and safety management systems and healthy working environment by providing a frame-
(OHSMS). However before 1999 there was an increase of work that helps organizations to:
national standards and proprietary certication schemes
to choose from. This caused confusion and fragmentation Identify and control health and safety risks
in the market and undermined the credibility of individ-
ual schemes. Reduce the potential for accidents


Aid legal compliance [3] Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) Management
Systems,Standards and Certicates Survey - to 31 Decem-
Improve overall performance ber 2005

[4] BSI Group website

The OHSAS 18000 standards provide organizations with
the elements of an eective safety management system [5] ISO 45001 Whitepaper: A new International Standard
which can be integrated with other management systems for Occupational Health and Safety Management Sys-
and help organizations achieve better occupational health tems (PDF). British Standards Institution.
and safety performance and economic objectives. Retrieved 2016-11-18.

BS OHSAS 18001 species requirements for an OH&S [6] BSI Press release July 2007: Health and safety manage-
management system to help an organization develop and ment systems specication OHSAS 18001 is now a British
implement a policy and objectives, which take into ac- Standard BS OHSAS 18001:2007
count legal requirements and information about OH&S [7] Solving the mystery: A summary of OHSAS 18000 and
risks. It applies to all types and sizes of organizations and ISO 18000
accommodates diverse geographical, cultural and social
conditions. [8] ISO 45001 - Occupational health and safety.
International Organisation for Standardization. Retrieved
BS OHSAS 18002 provides guidance for establishing, 2016-11-18.
implementing or improving a management system which
is based on OHSAS 18001 and demonstrating successful
implementation of OHSAS 18001.
8 External links
OHSAS 18001 can be aligned with existing ISO 9001
and ISO 14001 management systems. Historically many Ocial website
organizations start with the quality management system
ISO 9001, then add the environment management re-
quirements from ISO 14001. Many organizations now
look at implementing all three standards at once which
can minimize costs and disruption. The standards can be
integrated using a standard such as BSIs PAS 99.

5 Disambiguation
The OHSAS 18000 standards were written and published
wholly outside of the International Organization for Stan-
dardization (ISO) framework. To avoid confusion, ISO
18000 does exist but it is a radio-frequency identica-
tion standard.[7]

6 ISO 45001
Main article: ISO 45001

In October 2013, the International Organization for

Standardization approved the project proposal to de-
velop the ISO 45001 standard, an ISO analogue to the
OHSAS 18000 standards.[5] This is stated to be taking
OHSAS 18001 into account along with other interna-
tional standards.[8]

7 References
[1] BS OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health and Safety

[2] International Labour Oce Report, Page 2, Footnote 3


9 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

9.1 Text
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Attack Dog, Mohis321 and Anonymous: 35

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