7 views

Uploaded by Roxanna Levine

Note 1

- Advanced Level Trigonometry Tutorial
- Mathematical Competences of SIC BSCE Students
- Class 12 Mathematics Ll
- 12
- DPP-1..pdf iit maths
- Basic Calculus
- makalah fismat
- 1959 a First Course in Electrical Engineering Clement & Johnson
- Integration problems with solution
- 1026_sol
- Advanced Calculus.pdf
- Solutions Manual Keeler
- lec6
- M150F08FinalExam
- Integral XII IPA
- Engenering sylabus 2016
- Calc Syllabus
- Module_Handbook_BSc Biology_englischsprachig .pdf
- CH3 - Differentiation
- Integration 1

You are on page 1of 8

Differentiation

f ( x) f (c)

f (c): lim (if limit exists)

xc x c

f is differentiable at c f is continuous at c

Power Rule

f ( x) nxn1

Solution: f ( x) 3x31 3x2

Ex 8 Differentiate f ( x) 3x2 x 2 .

f ( x) 3x 2 x 2 3 x 2 x 2

32 x 1 0 6 x 1

1

Math 2351 Tutorial notes

Rules of Differentiation

In calculating derivatives, we can use the following results to speed up the calculation.

(a) , f is differentiable at c

(b) f g is differentiable at c

(c) fg is differentiable at c

f

(d) If g (c) 0 then is differentiable at c

g

f f (c) g (c) f (c) g (c)

and (c) 2

g g (c)

Remarks: By using these rules, we can simplify the calculation in finding the

derivatives. For example, we can use the power rule and the above rules to

differentiate any polynomial.

Ex 9

Differentiate f ( x) 3x2 x 1 x3 2 .

Solution: Applying the rules,

f ( x) 3x 2 x 1 x 3 2 3x 2 x 1 x3 2

6 x 1 x 2 3x x 1 3x

3 2 2

15x 4 4 x3 3x 2 12 x 2

Math 2351 Tutorial notes

Ex 10 Differentiate f ( x) x .

x 12

x x2 1 x x 2 1 1 x2

f ( x)

x x

2 2

2

1 2

1

Sometimes, we need to be able to differentiate the trigonometric functions, exponential

functions and logarithmic functions.

(d) csc x csc x cot x (j) loga x 1

for

ln a x

(e) sec x sec x tan x

a 0 & a 1

(f) cot x csc2 x

Ex 11 Differentiate f ( x) x sin x .

ln x

Solution: Using the results above,

x sin x ln x x sin x ln x

f ( x)

ln x

2

sin x x cos x ln x x sin x 1x

ln x

2

ln x

2

Math 2351 Tutorial notes

Let f : I1 , g : I 2 where f ( I1) I 2 . Let c I1 . Then

f is differentiable at c and g is differentiable at f (c)

g f is differentiable at c and g f (c) g f (c) f (c)

Remarks: There are two different versions of Chain Rule, but they are all equivalent.

(1) d g f ( x) g f ( x) f ( x)

dx

(2) dy dy du

dx du dx

99

Ex 13 Differentiate f ( x) x 2 1 .

x2 1 99 x2 1 2 x 198x x2 1

98 98 98

f ( x) 99 x2 1

dx

df df du d sin u d cosx

Solution: cos u sin x cos cos( x) sin x

dx du dx du dx

Math 2351 Tutorial notes

Integration

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

Let f :[a, b] be a continuous function.

x

(1st part): Let F ( x) : f (t )dt .

a

Then F ( x) f ( x) x (a, b)

(2nd part): G is an antiderivative of f on [a, b]

b

a f ( x)dx G(b) G(a)

d x

(1st part): f (t )dt f ( x)

dx a

x

(2nd part): a G(t)dt G( x) G(a)

b

a x dx .

2

Ex 23 Evaluate

3

Solution: Let G( x) x . Then G( x) x2 . By Fundamental Theorem of Calculus,

3

b b

a x2dx G(t )dt G(b) G(a )

a

b3 a3 1 3 3

b a

3 3 3

0 cos xdx .

Ex 24 Evaluate 2

2 cos xdx 2 G (t )dt

Solution: Let G( x) sin x . Then G( x) cos x .

0 0

2

Math 2351 Tutorial notes

Here is a list of commonly used integration formulas, including trigonometric,

logarithmic and exponential types.

x n1

x dx C

n

Thm 25 (a)

n 1

1

(b) x dx ln x C

e dx e C

x x

(c)

ax

a dx C

x

(d)

ln a

(e) ln xdx x ln x x C

(f) sin xdx cos x C

(g) cos xdx sin x C

(h) tan xdx ln sec x C

(i) csc xdx ln csc x cot x C

(j) sec xdx ln sec x tan x C

(k) cot xdx ln sin x C

Integration by Substitution

Let g :[a, b] has continuous derivative on [a, b] .

Let f : g [a, b] be a continuous function. Then

b g (b)

where u g ( x) .

Math 2351 Tutorial notes

(2 x 1)

99

Ex 27 Evaluate dx .

dx

1 u99 2dx

2

99 99

(2 x 1) dx u dx

100

1 u99du u C

2 200

Integrating by Parts

Thm 28 (Integrating by Parts)

Let f , g :[a, b] be continuously differentiable functions. Then

b b b

a f g fg a fg

a

and g are integrable.

(b) Derivatives may not be integrable.

Ex 29 Evaluate ln xdx .

Solution: Integrating by parts,

ln xdx ln x x dx ln x x x ln x dx

ln x x x 1 dx ln x x x C

x

Complex Number

Def 30 A complex number is an expression of the form z x iy ,

Math 2351 Tutorial notes

(complex conjugate of z) z x iy

(modulus of z) z x2 y 2

y

(argument of z) arg(z) is such that tan

x

If is taken between ( , ] then it is called the principal argument.

(a) z1 z2 x1 x2 & y1 y2

(b) z1 z2 ( x1 x2 ) i( y1 y2 )

(c) z1z2 ( x1 iy1)( x2 iy2 ) ( x1x2 y1 y2 ) i( y1x2 x1 y2 )

x1 iy1 x2 iy2 x1 x2 y1 y2 i y1 x2 x1 y2

(d) z1 x1 iy1

z2 x2 iy2 x2 iy2 x2 iy2 x2 2 y2 2

z z

(b) z1 z2 z1 z2 (c) z1z2 z1 z2

2

(a) zz z (d) 1 1

z z

2 2

n

Def 30 We define exp( z) z z .

n0 n!

Remarks: (a) This series converges for all complex z. (can be proved by ratio test)

(b) exp( x) ex x

(c) exp( z) has the similar properties of e x .

Def 30 We define cos Re exp(i ) & sin Im exp(i ) for all real .

Or, ei cos i sin

Remark: This definition matches the geometric meaning of the trigo. functions.

- Advanced Level Trigonometry TutorialUploaded bybj
- Mathematical Competences of SIC BSCE StudentsUploaded byJames Neo
- Class 12 Mathematics LlUploaded byDoug Carlin
- 12Uploaded byLiz Añazco
- DPP-1..pdf iit mathsUploaded bySunil Pandey
- Basic CalculusUploaded byபாலரத்தினம் தமிழன்
- makalah fismatUploaded byokkikiki
- 1959 a First Course in Electrical Engineering Clement & JohnsonUploaded byAntonioAguiar
- Integration problems with solutionUploaded byAneesh Amitesh Chand
- 1026_solUploaded byKane
- Advanced Calculus.pdfUploaded byMarcos Ferraz
- Solutions Manual KeelerUploaded byvivianemnasc
- lec6Uploaded byabimana
- M150F08FinalExamUploaded byDavid Sacco
- Integral XII IPAUploaded byPieter Karunia Deo
- Engenering sylabus 2016Uploaded byMuhammad Awais
- Calc SyllabusUploaded bypoopdoop
- Module_Handbook_BSc Biology_englischsprachig .pdfUploaded byeusoueuscribd
- CH3 - DifferentiationUploaded byBoy
- Integration 1Uploaded bySubrahmanyam Sana
- LPU MATHEMATICS FOR ECONOMISTS.pdfUploaded bySivasankarChinnasamy
- Aplicaciones Del Cálculo Integral en La Ingeniería AmbientalUploaded byAndres Nipaz
- Approximate Solution of the Progress of Consolidation in a SedimentUploaded byAnonymous GnfGTw
- MathsUploaded bysatyasravanth
- Calculus I and II Review TestUploaded byjared4robles
- Plemelj Formula of Cauchy-Type Integral of Random ProcessUploaded byPruet
- riemann-integral.pdfUploaded byhimanshu Arya
- Evalals.pdfUploaded byCarlos Hernandez
- 152 SyllabusUploaded byFuchi del Cachorro
- sweeney performanceassessment 2Uploaded byapi-202710101

- CENG3210 Lecture 2 EvaporationUploaded byRoxanna Levine
- Developing a Marketing Plan - NIVEAUploaded byRoxanna Levine
- CENG 1600 Lecture 12Uploaded byRoxanna Levine
- CENG3210 Lecture 8Uploaded byRoxanna Levine
- Lecture 4(2017)Uploaded byRoxanna Levine
- FNSC 5220 Lecture 1(2017)Uploaded byRoxanna Levine
- syllabusUploaded byRoxanna Levine
- Unit Operation of Chemical EngineeringUploaded byDQZ
- CENG3210 Lecture 4 Binary Distillation 2Uploaded byRoxanna Levine
- isothermal reactorUploaded byRoxanna Levine
- 122357866 Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles Solutions ManualUploaded byamalinaishah

- How to Operate a Scientific Calculator (With Pictures)Uploaded byMaheshwaranmahi
- Theory of equations exercise 2.pdfUploaded byChai Usajai Usajai
- MHF4U - Polynomial TestUploaded bysriram5555
- Examples and SolutionsUploaded byflight2heaven1474
- Integral Table Math ContestsUploaded byArturo Gomez
- maths iiiUploaded byGuru Samy
- 4.74 S.E. Computer EngineeringUploaded byAnant Momaya
- Complex DerivativesUploaded byKofi Appiah-Danquah
- Integration by Partial FractionsUploaded byVanessa Valdez
- Log and GrowthUploaded bystrangetest
- MDU B.tech Computer Science 3rd Sem SyllabusUploaded bylastnightstudy
- 9. Trigonometric IntegralsUploaded byJuan Robinson
- Common-integrals-and-derivatives-pdf.pdfUploaded byPatrick
- intpolyUploaded byCristian Zanoci
- trigonometry test basicUploaded byAdesh Partap Singh
- Harmonic MeasureUploaded byDorothy Oz
- LogaritmiUploaded byDinkaPajic
- Trigonometric EqnUploaded bySujoy Das
- ivhanUploaded byIvhani Maselesele
- Module 1.4 (MATHS) Final Log & Antilog.pdfUploaded byAbdul Qadeer Khan
- Trigo PlateUploaded byJohn Astronomo Bacus
- asgn1_solnUploaded bygirafable
- z TransformUploaded bytemkimleang
- 07_taylor's and Laurent' s SeriesUploaded byIqbal Khan
- 11 02 Continuous Fourier SeriesUploaded byJohn Bofarull Guix
- 3 G Codes Part 1 CNCUploaded byerlanggaaa23
- Binomial Theorem QnsUploaded byLokesh Kumar
- Trigonometry SlidesUploaded byT3JAS V
- Complex+Numbers+-+QuestionsUploaded byNameet Jain
- 1.1 Number Systems- Key ConceptsUploaded byPrasanth Bupendranath