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Application Guide Volume IV AG2017-19

Selecting Transformer Compensation Settings for


the SEL-387, SEL-487E, and SEL-787 Relays
George Alexander, Ariana Hargrave, and Jared Candelaria

INTRODUCTION
Transformer differential protection involves phase angle and magnitude compensation of the wind-
ing currents. This application guide focuses on the application of phase angle compensation.
Traditionally, current transformer (CT) connections compensate for the phase shift across a trans-
former (for example, a delta-wye transformer had wye-connected CTs on the delta side and delta-
connected CTs on the wye side). In microprocessor-based relay applications with both sets of CTs
connected in wye, the compensation is done mathematically inside the relay. To accomplish this,
the SEL-387 Current Differential and Overcurrent Relay, SEL-487E Current Differential and Volt-
age Protection Relay, and SEL-787 Transformer Protection Relay apply a compensation matrix to
each set of winding input currents.
In this application guide, we present several examples showing how to set compensation settings
for various transformer installations. For a complete explanation and procedure on how to set com-
pensation settings, as well as additional examples, please see [1], [2], and [3]. [4] is a similar
application guide for the SEL-587 Current Differential Relay.

PHASE ROTATION SETTING (PHROT)


Set the PHROT setting to match the true system phase sequence, independent of the phase-to-
bushing connections of the transformer. It is important to note that the PHROT setting itself has no
bearing on how compensation is performed in the relay. However, the relay does use the PHROT
setting when calculating negative-sequence quantities which are used in other protection algo-
rithms (such as the negative-sequence overcurrent element and the negative-sequence differential
element in the SEL-487E).

CURRENT TRANSFORMER CONNECTIONS (WnCT/CTCONn)


Set the CT connection type for each winding using the WnCT setting in the SEL-387 and SEL-787
relays and the CTCONn setting in the SEL-487E relay (where n is the winding input). You can set
the CT connection type as either wye or delta. Use wye-connected CTs whenever possible to max-
imize available protection, simplify overcurrent element settings, and simplify CT wiring and trou-
bleshooting.
For simplicity and accurate event reporting, SEL recommends wiring CT secondary circuits to the
relay terminal block such that you connect the system phase to the associated relay phase (i.e.,
connect the CT on the system A-Phase to the A-Phase input on the relay).

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INTERNAL/EXTERNAL CT CONNECTION COMPENSATION (ICOM)


The ICOM setting selects whether compensation occurs inside the relay or not. Set ICOM = N if
you are using traditional CT connections external to the relay to compensate for the phase shift
across the transformer. You must connect the CTs such that the currents entering the polarity
marks of the relay windings are 180 degrees out of phase for load and external faults.
Set ICOM = Y if you would like to perform compensation inside the relay (for example, if you are
using wye-connected CTs on both sides of a delta-wye transformer). Setting ICOM = Y enables
the settings for connection compensation that are used to account for phase shifts caused by trans-
former winding connections and CT connections. These settings are described in the next section.

INTERNAL CONNECTION COMPENSATION SETTINGS (WnCTC/TnCTC)


The settings used to set compensation are WnCTC in the SEL-387 and SEL-787 relays, and
TnCTC in the SEL-487E relay. The relays can compensate in 30-degree increments with a settings
range of 0 through 12. Each number represents a CT compensation matrix that modifies the cur-
rents measured by the relay by a certain number of degrees: Matrix 0 being 0 multiples of 30
degrees (0 degrees, or no change), Matrix 1 being 1 multiple of 30 degrees (30 degrees), Matrix 2
being 2 multiples of 30 degrees (60 degrees), and so on. A summary of these matrices and their
effects is provided in Appendix A. A setting of 0 applies no phase shift compensation. A setting of
12 applies 360 degrees of phase shift compensation, which results in 0 degrees of compensation
but removal of zero-sequence currents. The compensation is done in the counterclockwise direc-
tion when the relay sees currents with an ABC phase sequence, and in the clockwise direction
when the relay sees currents with an ACB phase sequence.

STEPS FOR SELECTING COMPENSATION SETTINGS


When determining a transformer connection type, it is important to consider the actual system con-
nections, not the just nameplate of the transformer. With nonstandard field connections, following
the nameplate alone can result in incorrect compensation settings. See [1] for a detailed discussion
on this. SEL recommends that you have the following information prior to beginning the process
of selecting phase compensation settings:
1. Transformer phasor (vector) diagram (transformer nameplate)
2. Three-line connection diagram showing:
a. System phase-to-transformer bushing connections
b. CT connections and polarity
c. CT-to-relay connections
3. System phase sequence
Perform the following steps to determine compensation settings for a transformer installation:
Step 1. Determine the phase shift as seen by the relay.
a. Determine the phase shift in the primary load current.
b. Determine if there are nonstandard CT connections.

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Step 2. Select the reference winding and associated relay terminal.


a. If a delta winding exists and is wired into the relay, choose it as the reference
winding. Select Matrix CTC (0) for the compensation of the delta winding. If a
zig-zag grounding transformer exists on the delta side of the transformer and is
within the zone of protection, select Matrix CTC (12).
b. If a delta winding does not exist, select one of the wye windings as the reference
and choose Matrix CTC (11) for the compensation.
Step 3. Once the reference winding is selected, determine the required compensation settings
for all other windings such that all of the compensated output windings are 180
degrees out of phase with all of the compensated input windings. The sum of the
differential current must be equal to zero under normal operation conditions. Select
Matrix CTC (0) for delta windings. Use odd matrices for compensating wye windings
and avoid the use of even matrices when possible. A more detailed discussion on
selecting winding compensation, including special-case applications, is found in [1],
[2], and [3].

APPLICATION EXAMPLES
In all of the application examples below, the following assumptions apply:
The CTs are connected in wye on both sides of the transformer.
The CTs are wired in differential polarity.
The inputs to the relay match the system phase conductors.
The winding input labels on the relay reflect the SEL-387 and SEL-787 relays. The
SEL-487E uses a different nomenclature for the winding input labels. This does not
affect the compensation settings, and all of the same steps apply to the SEL-487E. This
application guide assumes the S-Terminal is associated with Winding 1 and the
T-Terminal is associated with Winding 2.
When working through these examples, it is important to remember the following about delta-wye
transformer connections:
DABY/Dy1 transformers always result in the delta side leading the wye side for ABC
phase sequence.
DABY/Dy1 transformers always result in the delta side lagging the wye side for ACB
phase sequence.
DACY/Dy11 transformers always result in the delta side lagging the wye side for ABC
phase sequence.
DACY/Dy11 transformers always result in the delta side leading the wye side for ACB
phase sequence.

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Example 1: Delta-Wye Transformer with Standard Installation

B (H2) b (X2)

a (X1)
A (H1) C (H3) c (X3)

Winding 1 Winding 2
H3 X3
C c
H2 X2
B b
H1 X1
A a
IA System Ia System

IAW1 IAW2

IBW1 IBW2

ICW1 ICW2

SEL-387/787 (Partial)

Figure 1 Delta-Wye Transformer, ABC System Phase Sequence, System A-B-C Phases
Connected to H1/X1-H2/X2-H3/X3 Bushings

The transformer in Figure 1 is connected to a system with an ABC phase sequence. This is a
DABY-winding connection because the polarity of A-Phase connects to the nonpolarity of
B-Phase. With a DABY connection and an ABC phase sequence, the high-side currents will lead
the associated low-side currents by 30 degrees. Because both CTs are connected in wye, the relay
must compensate for the 30-degree phase angle shift.
Following Step 1, first derive the phase shift at the relay. Figure 2(a) shows the relationship
between the system high-side (IA system) and low-side (Ia system) currents for a through-load
condition. Figure 2(b) shows how the opposite CT polarity causes a 180-degree shift of the
A-Phase current on the wye side of the transformer and represents the phase shift seen by the relay.
Use these phasors to determine compensation. Refer to [1], [2], and [3] for further information on
deriving the phase shift at the relay.

(a) (b)

IA System IAW2
150
30
IAW1
Ia System
Primary Load Current CT Secondary Current
Angles Angles at the Relay

Figure 2 System Phase Angles for Example 1 (a) on the System and (b) at the Relay

Moving on to Step 2, select the delta winding (W1) as the reference, assigning Matrix CTC (0) to
this winding. Next, the wye winding (W2) must be compensated such that it becomes 180 degrees
out of phase with the delta reference (W1). Figure 3 shows that W2 must be adjusted by 30 degrees
in the counterclockwise direction (due to ABC phase sequence). This results in the settings shown
in Table 1.

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IAW2

30
IAW2_Compensated IAW1

Figure 3 Compensating for Phase Shift in Example 1

Table 1 Settings for Example 1

SEL-387 SEL-787 SEL-487E

Setting Value Setting Value Setting Value


PHROT ABC PHROT ABC PHROT ABC
W1CT Y W1CT WYE CTCONS Y
W2CT Y W2CT WYE CTCONT Y
ICOM Y ICOM Y ICOM Y
W1CTC 0 W1CTC 0 TSCTC 0
W2CTC 1 W2CTC 1 TTCTC 1

Example 2: Delta-Wye Transformer With ACB Phase Sequence

B (H2) b (X2)

a (X1)
A (H1) C (H3) c (X3)

Winding 1 Winding 2
H3 X3
C c
H2 X2
B b
H1 X1
A a
IA System Ia System

IAW1 IAW2

IBW1 IBW2

ICW1 ICW2

SEL-387/787 (Partial)

Figure 4 Delta-Wye Transformer, ACB System Phase Sequence, System A-B-C Phases
Connected to H1/X1-H2/X2-H3/X3 Bushings

The transformer in Figure 4 is connected to a system with an ACB phase sequence. This is a
DABY connection because the polarity of A-Phase connects to the nonpolarity of B-Phase. With a
DABY connection and an ACB phase sequence, the high-side currents will lag the associated low-
side currents by 30 degrees. Because both CTs are connected in wye, the relay must compensate
for the 30-degree phase angle shift.
Following Step 1, derive the phase shift at the relay. Figure 5(a) shows the A-Phase load current
flow through the transformer. Figure 5(b) shows how the opposite CT polarity causes a 180-degree
shift of the A-Phase current on the wye side of the transformer. Figure 5(b) represents the phase
shift seen by the relay, and we will use these phasors to determine compensation.

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(a) (b)

Ia System IAW1

30 150
IAW2
IA System
Primary Load Current CT Secondary Current
Angles Angles at the Relay

Figure 5 System Phase Angles for Example 2 (a) on the System and (b) at the Relay

Moving on to Step 2, select the delta winding (W1) as the reference and assign Matrix CTC (0) to
this winding. Next, the wye winding (W2) must be compensated such that it becomes 180 degrees
out of phase with the delta reference (W1). Figure 6 shows that W2 must be adjusted by 30 degrees
in the clockwise direction (due to ACB phase sequence). This results in the settings shown in
Table 2.
Note that the winding compensation settings did not change between Example 1 and Example 2,
even though the phase sequence is different. This is because the compensation matrices perform
the phase angle rotation in the clockwise direction when exposed to currents with ACB phase
sequence.

IAW2_Compensated IAW1
30

IAW2

Figure 6 Compensating for Phase Shift in Example 2

Table 2 Settings for Example 2

SEL-387 SEL-787 SEL-487E

Setting Value Setting Value Setting Value


PHROT ACB PHROT ACB PHROT ACB
W1CT Y W1CT WYE CTCONS Y
W2CT Y W2CT WYE CTCONT Y
ICOM Y ICOM Y ICOM Y
W1CTC 0 W1CTC 0 TSCTC 0
W2CTC 1 W2CTC 1 TTCTC 1

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Example 3: Delta-Wye Transformer With Nonstandard Phase-to-Bushing Connections


b (X2)
B (H2)
c (X1)
C (H1) A (H3) a (X3)

Winding 1 Winding 2
IA System H3 X3 Ia System
A a
H2 X2
B b
H1 X1
C c

IAW1 IAW2

IBW1 IBW2

ICW1 ICW2

SEL-387/787 (Partial)

Figure 7 Delta-Wye Transformer, ABC System Phase Sequence, System C-B-A Phases
Connected to H1/X1-H2/X2-H3/X3 Bushings

The transformer in Example 3 is the same as the transformer in Examples 1 and 2, but now the sys-
tem phase-to-bushing connections have changed. Notice that A-Phase now connects to H3/X3 and
C-Phase now connects to H1/X1. Also notice that the system A-Phase still connects to the relay
IAW1/IAW2 inputs. Since the phase-to-bushing connections have changed, but the phase connec-
tions to the relay have remained the same, the relay will view this transformer connection as
DACY. This is because the polarity of A-Phase connects to the nonpolarity of C-Phase as seen by
the relay. For the installation in Figure 7 and an ABC phase sequence, the high-side currents will
lag the associated low-side currents by 30 degrees, and the relay must compensate for this phase
angle shift.
Following Step 1, we must first derive the phase shift at the relay. Figure 8(a) shows the A-Phase
load current flow through the transformer. Figure 8(b) shows how the opposite CT polarity causes
a 180-degree shift of the A-Phase current on the wye side of the transformer. Figure 5(b) rep-
resents the phase shift seen by the relay, and we will use these phasors to determine compensation.

(a) (b)

Ia System IAW1

30 150
IAW2
IA System
Primary Load Current CT Secondary Current
Angles Angles at the Relay

Figure 8 System Phase Angles for Example 3 (a) on the System and (b) at the Relay

Moving on to Step 2, select the delta winding (W1) as the reference, and assign Matrix CTC (0) to
this winding. Next, the wye winding (W2) must be compensated such that it becomes 180 degrees
out of phase with the delta reference (W1). Figure 9 shows that W2 must be adjusted by 330
degrees in the counterclockwise direction (due to ABC phase sequence). This results in the set-
tings shown in Table 3.

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330
IAW2_Compensated IAW1

IAW2

Figure 9 Compensating for Phase Shift in Example 3

Table 3 Settings for Example 3

SEL-387 SEL-787 SEL-487E

Setting Value Setting Value Setting Value


PHROT ABC PHROT ABC PHROT ABC
W1CT Y W1CT WYE CTCONS Y
W2CT Y W2CT WYE CTCONT Y
ICOM Y ICOM Y ICOM Y
W1CTC 0 W1CTC 0 TSCTC 0
W2CTC 11 W2CTC 11 TTCTC 11

Example 4: Delta-Wye Transformer With Standard Installation

B (H2) b (X2)

c (X3)
A (H1) C (H3) a (X1)

Winding 1 Winding 2
H3 X3
C c
H2 X2
B b
H1 X1
A a
IA System Ia System

IAW1 IAW2

IBW1 IBW2

ICW1 ICW2

SEL-387/787 (Partial)

Figure 10 Delta-Wye Transformer, ABC System Phase Sequence, System A-B-C Phases
Connected to H1/X1-H2/X2-H3/X3 Bushings

The transformer construction in this example differs from the first three examples in that the polar-
ity of the H1 winding is now connected to the nonpolarity of the H3 winding. Note that the system
A-Phase connects to the H1/X1 windings, and the system C-Phase connects to the H3/X3 wind-
ings. This is a DACY connection to the relay because the polarity of A-Phase connects to the non-
polarity of C-Phase. For the installation in the example and an ABC system phase sequence, the
high-side currents will lag the associated low-side currents by 30 degrees, and the relay must
account for this phase angle shift.

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Following Step 1, we must first derive the phase shift at the relay. Figure 11(a) shows the A-Phase
load current flow through the transformer. Figure 11(b) shows how the opposite CT polarity causes
a 180-degree shift of the A-Phase current on the wye side of the transformer. Figure 11(b) rep-
resents the phase shift seen by the relay, and we will use these phasors to determine compensation.

(a) (b)

Ia System IAW1

30 150
IAW2
IA System
Primary Load Current CT Secondary Current
Angles Angles at the Relay

Figure 11 System Phase Angles for Example 4 (a) on the System and (b) at the Relay

Moving on to Step 2, select the delta winding (W1) as the reference, and assign Matrix CTC (0) to
this winding. Next, the wye winding (W2) must be compensated such that it becomes 180 degrees
out of phase with the delta reference (W1). Figure 12 shows that W2 must be adjusted by 330
degrees in the counterclockwise direction (due to ABC phase sequence). This results in the set-
tings shown in Table 4.

330
IAW2_Compensated IAW1

IAW2

Figure 12 Compensating for Phase Shift in Example 4

Table 4 Settings for Example 4

SEL-387 SEL-787 SEL-487E

Setting Value Setting Value Setting Value


PHROT ABC PHROT ABC PHROT ABC
W1CT Y W1CT WYE CTCONS Y
W2CT Y W2CT WYE CTCONT Y
ICOM Y ICOM Y ICOM Y
W1CTC 0 W1CTC 0 TSCTC 0
W2CTC 11 W2CTC 11 TTCTC 11

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Example 5: Delta-Wye Transformer With Traditional CT Connections

B (H2) b (X2)

a (X1)
A (H1) C (H3) c (X3)

Winding 1 Winding 2
H3 X3
C c

H2 X2
B b
IB System Ib System
H1 X1
A a
IA System Ia System

IAW1 IAW2

IBW1 IBW2

ICW1 ICW2

SEL-387/787 (Partial)

Figure 13 Delta-Wye Transformer, ABC System Phase Sequence, System Phases A-B-C
Connected to H1/X1-H2/X2-H3/X3 Bushings, CTs Connected Wye-Delta

The transformer connections in this example are the same as for Example 1: Delta-Wye Trans-
former with Standard Installation. However, in this example, the CTs are connected in the tradi-
tional manner (e.g., wye-connected CTs on the delta winding and delta-connected CTs on the wye
winding). For the installation in Figure 13 and ABC phase sequence, the high-side currents will
lead the associated low-side currents by 30 degrees. Figure 14(a) shows the A-Phase and B-Phase
system current flow through the transformer. Figure 14(b) shows the currents seen at the relay after
taking the CT connections into account. The high-side current IA connects directly to the IAW1
terminal on the relay. The IAW2 terminal on the relay connects to Ia Ib. The difference of Ia Ib
in Figure 14(a) results in a vector at 0 degrees (in-line with IAW1 in Figure 14(b)). The relay sees
this current 180 degrees out of phase because of the opposite CT polarity on the wye side of the
transformer.
Looking at the resulting currents seen by the relay in Figure 14(b), we can see that they are already
180 degrees out of phase and no compensation inside the relay is required. This results in the set-
tings shown in Table 5.

(a) (b)

30 IA System 180
IAW2 = (Ia Ib)
Ib System IAW1
30
Ia System
IB System
Primary Load Current CT Secondary Current
Angles Angles at the Relay

Figure 14 System Phase Angles for Example 5 (a) on the System and (b) at the Relay

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Table 5 Settings for Example 5

SEL-387 SEL-787 SEL-487E

Setting Value Setting Value Setting Value


PHROT ABC PHROT ABC PHROT ABC
W1CT Y W1CT WYE CTCONS Y
W2CT D W2CT DELTA CTCONT D
ICOM N ICOM N ICOM N

Example 6: Wye-Delta With Standard Installation


B (H2) b (X2)
c (X3)

A (H1) C (H3) a (X1)

Winding 1 Winding 2
H3 X3
C c
H2 X2
B b
H1 X1
A a
IA System Ia System

IAW1 IAW2

IBW1 IBW2

ICW1 ICW2

SEL-387/787 (Partial)

Figure 15 Wye-Delta Transformer, ABC System Phase Sequence, System A-B-C Phases
Connected to H1/X1-H2/X2-H3/X3 Bushings

The transformer in Figure 15 is connected to a system with an ABC phase sequence. This is a
YDAB connection because wye connection is on the high side, and on the delta the polarity of
A-Phase connects to the nonpolarity of B-Phase. With a YDAB connection and an ABC phase
sequence, the low-side currents will lead the associated high-side currents by 30 degrees. Because
both CTs are connected in wye, the relay must compensate for the 30-degree phase angle shift.
Following Step 1, we must first derive the phase shift at the relay. Figure 16(a) shows the A-Phase
load current flow through the transformer. Figure 16(b) shows how the opposite CT polarity causes
a 180-degree shift of the A-Phase current on the wye side of the transformer. Figure 16(b) rep-
resents the phase shift seen by the relay, and we will use these phasors to determine compensation.

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(a) (b)

Ia System IAW1
150
30
IAW2
IA System
Primary Load Current CT Secondary Current
Angles Angles at the Relay

Figure 16 System Phase Angles for Example 1 (a) on the System and (b) at the Relay

Moving on to Step 2, select the delta winding (W2) as the reference, assigning Matrix 0 to this
winding. Next, the wye winding (W1) must be compensated such that it becomes 180 degrees out
of phase with the delta reference (W2). Figure 17 shows that W1 must be adjusted by 30 degrees in
the counterclockwise direction (due to ABC phase sequence). This results in the settings shown in
Table 6.

IAW1

30
IAW1_Compensated IAW2

Figure 17 Compensating for Phase Shift in Example 6

Table 6 Settings for Example 6

SEL-387 SEL-787 SEL-487E

Setting Value Setting Value Setting Value


PHROT ABC PHROT ABC PHROT ABC
W1CT Y W1CT WYE CTCONS Y
W2CT Y W2CT WYE CTCONT Y
ICOM Y ICOM Y ICOM Y
W1CTC 1 W1CTC 1 TSCTC 1
W2CTC 0 W2CTC 0 TTCTC 0

Example 7: Autotransformer With Standard Installation


The installation shown in Figure 18 depicts an autotransformer (without the delta tertiary con-
nected) with standard connections to a system with an ABC phase sequence. An autotransformer
produces no phase shift from the high side to the low side of the transformer. Although no com-
pensation is required to correct for a phase shift, zero sequence current must be removed from both
sides of the transformer. If a ground fault occurs on the low side of the transformer, zero-sequence
current flowing into to the fault will flow in both the tertiary and the high-side winding. The sum
of these two currents will flow through the low-side winding. If zero-sequence current is not
removed, the differential relay would see an operate current because it only takes measurements
from the high and low sides. For this reason, a matrix that removes zero-sequence current must be
selected for both windings.

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B (H2) b (T2)
a (T1)
b (X2)
c (X3) c (T3)
A (H1) a (X1) C (H3)
Winding 1 Winding 2
X3 c
H3
C
X2 b
H2
B
X1 a
H1
A Ia System
IA System

IAW1 IAW2

IBW1 IBW2

ICW1 ICW2

SEL-387/787 (Partial)

Figure 18 Autotransformer, ABC System Phase Sequence, System A-B-C Phases Connected to
H1/X1-H2/X2-H3/X3 Bushings

Following Step 1, derive the phase shift at the relay. Figure 19(a) shows the A-Phase load current
flow through the transformer. Figure 19(b) illustrates the A-Phase current being shifted 180
degrees at the W2 inputs. This is due to the opposite CT polarity causing a 180-degree shift of the
A-Phase current on the low-side bushings of the transformer. Figure 19(b) represents the phase
shift seen by the relay, and we will use these phasors to determine compensation.

(a) (b)
IA System
IAW2 IAW1
Ia System
180
Primary Load Current CT Secondary Current
Angles Angles at the Relay

Figure 19 System Phase Angles for Example 6, (a) on the System and (b) at the Relay

Because there is no delta winding connected to the relay, move to Step 3. Per Step 3, a compensa-
tion matrix of 11 is selected for the high-side winding (W1). Figure 20 shows that this compensa-
tion causes the high side currents (W1) to rotate by 330 degrees counterclockwise (due to ABC
phase sequence). In order to keep the low-side winding (W2) 180 degrees out of phase with W1, a
compensation matrix of 11 is also chosen for W2. This results in the settings shown in Table 7.

IAW2_Compensated
330
330
IAW2 IAW1

IAW1_Compensated

Figure 20 Compensating for Phase Shift in Example 7

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Table 7 Settings for Example 7

SEL-387 SEL-787 SEL-487E

Setting Value Setting Value Setting Value


PHROT ABC PHROT ABC PHROT ABC
W1CT Y W1CT WYE CTCONS Y
W2CT Y W2CT WYE CTCONT Y
ICOM Y ICOM Y ICOM Y
W1CTC 11 W1CTC 11 TSCTC 11
W2CTC 11 W2CTC 11 TTCTC 11

CONCLUSIONS
The winding compensation settings in the SEL-387, SEL-487E, and SEL-787 relays allow com-
pensation for a variety of transformer and CT connections. Follow these guidelines whenever pos-
sible:
Step 1. Determine the phase shift as seen by the relay.
a. Determine the phase shift in the primary load current.
b. Determine if there are nonstandard CT connections.
Step 2. Select the reference winding and associated relay terminal.
a. If a delta winding exists and is wired into the relay, choose it as the reference
winding. Select Matrix CTC (0) for the compensation of the delta winding. If a
zig-zag grounding transformer exists on the delta side of the transformer and is
within the zone of protection, select Matrix CTC (12).
b. If a delta winding does not exist, select one of the wye windings as the reference
and choose Matrix CTC (11) for the compensation.
Step 3. Step 3. Once the reference winding is selected, determine the required compensation
settings for all other windings, such that all output windings are 180 degrees out of
phase with all input windings. Select Matrix CTC (0) for delta windings. Use odd
matrices for compensating wye-windings and avoid the use of even matrices when
possible.
Refer to [1] or contact SEL if you need assistance with determining proper winding compensation
settings for your application.

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APPENDIX A
Table 8 Compensation Settings: Corresponding Phase and Direction of Correction

Compensation Amount and Direction of Correction


Matrix
Setting ABC System Phase Sequence ACB System Phase Sequence
0 CTC (0) 0 0
1 CTC (1) 30 CCW 30 CW
2 CTC (2) 60 CCW 60 CW
3 CTC (3) 90 CCW 90 CW
4 CTC (4) 120 CCW 120 CW
5 CTC (5) 150 CCW 150 CW
6 CTC (6) 180 CCW 180 CW
7 CTC (7) 210 CCW 210 CW
8 CTC (8) 240 CCW 240 CW
9 CTC (9) 270 CCW 270 CW
10 CTC (10) 300 CCW 300 CW
11 CTC (11) 330 CCW 330 CW
12 CTC (12) 0 (360) CCW 0 (360) CW

REFERENCES
[1] B. Edwards, D.G. Williams, A. Hargrave, M. Watkins, and V.K. Yedidi, Beyond the Name-
plate Selecting Transformer Compensation Settings for Secure Differential Protection,
presented at the 70th Annual Georgia Tech Protective Relaying Conference, April 2016, and
the 70th Annual Conference for Protective Relay Engineers, College Station, Texas, April
2017. Available: selinc.com/literature/technical-papers/.
[2] SEL-487E-3-4 Instruction Manual, Section 6: Protection Application Examples. Available at
selinc.com/products/487E/.
[3] SEL-787-3-4 Instruction Manual, Appendix M: Protection Application Examples. Available
at selinc.com/products/787-3-4/.
[4] D. Costello and J. Gregory, Determining the Correct TRCON Setting in the SEL-587 Cur-
rent Differential Relay When Applied to Delta-Wye Power Transformers, SEL Application
Guide (AG2000-01), 2000. Available: selinc.com/literature/application-guides/.

Date Code 20170710 SEL Application Guide 2017-19


16

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SEL Application Guide 2017-19 Date Code 20170710