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What are Family Structures? 3.

Extended Family
is a very common family arrangement found in
many parts of the world and the most particularly in
DEFINITION Asia. The extended family is the nuclear family plus
According to Merriam-Webster Online the parents of either the husband or the wife, or both
Dictionary, “a group of individuals living under their parents, depending on the arrangements they
one roof and usually under one head,” make. Sometimes, a single brother or sister of either
From a sociological point of view, Filipino one of the couple may also be part of the extended
sociologist Belen T. G. Medina, PhD (Medina family. If there is a need for household help, the
2001), defined family as “two or more persons who first option is to seek out a poorer relative from the
share resources, share responsibility for decisions, provinces to serve the family’s needs. In an
share values and goals, and have a commitment to extended family, there could exist some friction
each other over time.” (Gregorio Alfonsin C. when it comes to making decisions.
Andoyo, The Filipino Family and Filipino Values)
4. Childless Family
The childless family is just the couple
TYPES OF FAMILY STRUCTURES without any child or children, and who may be
living all by themselves. They may or may not have
1. Nuclear or Traditional Family household help assisting around the house.
- Is comprised of a father, a mother, and
their offspring/s. Usually, the father plays the role Moreover, as society progresses and
of the breadwinner while the mother stays at home diversity is more acknowledged by many, new
to manage the house and the children. variations of the basic family structures are
Contemporary lifestyles are changing this surfacing, such as interracial marriage, adoptive
traditional set-up, with the reversal of roles between families, and lately, same-sex marriage. More and
the mother and the father. We the father, also called more countries are allowing same-sex marriages
as “househusband,” manages the home. Another today, and more states in the US are following what
variation of the traditional family is where both is becoming a norm.
husband and wife are working and earning a living
for the family while entrusting their growing child
or children to hired caregivers or relatives. Adopted Influence of Family Structure on
children are also considered as part of the nuclear or the Adolescent
traditional family.

2. Single Parent Family 1. Nuclear or Traditional Family
For the nuclear family or traditional family,
There is the single parent who rears the child
the parents (and/or primary caregivers). These are
or children while earning for the offspring/s. The
expressed in their unique parenting styles, the
single parent may be supported by relatives or hired
nature of parental authority they practice, and the
caregivers to take care of the growing children. A
general atmosphere at home.
Filipino single parent may be assisted financially by
the parents or relatives. Sometimes, the single
parent will decide on cohabiting with a partner who 2. Single Parent Family
is not the biological parent of the child. The For a single parent family, the absence of
cohabiting partner may not necessarily reside with one parent may create an impact on the growing
the single parent and the child. child who would normally look up to authority as
role models. Oftentimes, single parents try to
become the mother and the father, or may seek out a

the presence of supporting their development toward young grandparents may create some confusion to a child. adulthood. and self-concept. and or pride in what was learned. to see a continuum in the family line. Extended Family modeling). Depending on how the single often learned by a child through observation. A parent wielding behavioral control over a child such as providing curfews during weekends or limited time for the child to be online is believed to develop better adjusted children. norms. parent manages the child. The presence of different generations within  mental states are important to learning. thus. The parent’s life situations. beliefs. Behavior. believed to foster a healthy and positive impact on the adolescent’s development. which may result in learning about Parenting Authority and intimacy and trust. most particularly. For example.relative to stand in to compensate for the absence of child’s development. but are also willing to sit down to listen and negotiate with them should they resist. Authoritative parenting . and financial and Parenting Styles social status. Authoritative parents . anchoring or rooting to the family’s history. adolescents can emulate while at the same time On the other hand.the key factor in the and may later on intimate them and claim them as psychosocial development of an adolescent. parenting styles that allow particularly when the biological parents may adopt a meaningful dialogs to happen between parent and parenting style that is opposite of the grandparents. hinges on three concepts:  learning takes place through observation(or 3. he or she may grow up Albert Bandura’s theory of social learning well-adjusted or problematic. adolescent encourages self-disclosure for the adolescent. All of these are being observed and internalized by the adolescent. and rules.Newton control over a child’s behavior but not child’s emotion. personal relationships. The manner by which parents(or primary caregivers) rear a child has a strong influence on the .those who insist on their child learning important values. such as career. enabling the child to appreciate family heritage and Parents can serve as the models their traditions. The presence  and not all learning can lead to changes in of grandparents also provides the child a sense of behavior. a home provides the child a sense of stability in which means that child’s learning can be relationships as he or she witnesses firsthand how reinforced or rewarded if there is satisfaction relationships can work and endure challenges. may also have an effect on how success is defined by the adolescent. is the other parent. and it is their own. Authoritative parenting is about exercising Group 11 Report Handout | XI . This psychological control imposed by a parent on a  Harvey LabisAbiagador child through emotional manipulations or  Hannah Joy Avenido withdrawal of love and caring can harm the child’s  Jan Marie Valdez psychosocial development and mental health.