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ISSN 2463–3221

issue 08
Summer 2016

the SAFE Youth newsletter - for kids who know that animals matter.

Welcome to issue eight of the SAFE Youth newsletter.
This issue of Animal Bites is all about goats. That’s right, goats! Goats are
playful, intelligent, fun-loving animals, but not everyone is kind to goats.
Some people eat them or take the milk meant for their babies or even tie
them up on the side of the road all by themselves.
In this newsletter you can find out all about goats and some easy ways
to help them.

ANIMAL PROFILE: goats
Scientific name: Ancestry:
Capra aegagrus hircus Domestic goats come from wild goats, much as dogs
came from wolves. DNA and archaeological evidence
Goats belong to the family Bovidae. This group of suggests goat domestication began around 10,000-
animals also includes sheep, cattle, bison, buffaloes, 11,000 years ago. This means that, along with sheep,
antelopes and gazelles. goats have been part of humans lives for longer than any
other animal, aside from dogs.
Lifespan:
Domestic goat breeds normally live between 15 and Humans and Goats:
18 years. According to the Guinness World Records,
Goats and sheep appear to be the first
the oldest goat that ever lived was 22 years and five
wild herbivores (plant eaters) to be tamed
months old.
by humans. They were first domesticated
in the Fertile Crescent, which is made
up of parts of modern-day Iraq, Syria,
Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Egypt. Goats
are used by humans for their meat, milk, and
fibre. Goats are widely spread around the world because
they are so adaptable to extreme climates and many
You’ve got to types of landscape.

be kidding me! Goats in New Zealand
Goats were introduced to New Zealand during the period
Baby goats are of European colonisation (when Europeans came to
called kids and when New Zealand). They were brought in for milk, fibre, and
a mother goat gives weed control. Many escaped from farms and others
Kids (baby goats)
birth it is called were intentionally released and are now thriving in the
kidding. New Zealand countryside on grass hills, in forests and
on scrubland. These are known as feral goats. They are
considered a pest, but they are just like any other animal;
they think, feel and want to live.
goat
HORNS INTELLIGENCE
Goats’ horns come out the top of their Goats are naturally curious and
head whereas sheep’s come out more CHARACTERISTICS intelligent animals. They have been
on the side. The horns of Bovidae, such shown to solve puzzles and look for help
as goat, sheep and cows, are true horns; from people when they cannot solve
they are not shed each year as antlers AND BIOLOGY them. Goats are also able to change
are in deer. True horns have a hard, their behaviour based on their human
bony centre with an outer layer of hard audience. It was previously thought that
material called keratin. only cats, dogs and horses could do this.

EYES TEETH
Goats have rectangular pupils that are
Goats have 32 teeth. Like cows and
horizontal. These pupils stay parallel
sheep, they do not have teeth at the top
(level) with the ground so when they put
front of their mouth; instead they have a
their head down to feed they can still see
hard pad that is excellent for gathering
predators approaching. large amounts of grass or other plants.

STOMACH EMOTION
Goats, like cows and sheep, have a Like other animals, goats have emotions.
four-chambered stomach. They also They can be happy, sad, or frustrated.
bring their food back up (regurgitate it) Researchers have been working on how to
and chew on it again; this is known as tell a goat’s emotions, meaning we could
ruminating. This process along with the know what makes them happy or sad.
four-chambered stomach allows goats
to maintain themselves on grass, weeds,
shrubs and hay.

WOOL
Goats’ fur is made of keratin. Most goats have an outer layer of
coarse hair for protection and weather proofing, sometimes called
guard hairs, and an inner layer of more fine, downy hair for warmth.

ANIMALS IN trouble
Goat Milk causing infection, or grow into an eye, Tethered goats
Unfortunately, drinking goats’ milk is no causing blindness. Young, male goats Many goats in New Zealand are
more humane than cows’ milk. Goats in the industry are castrated at four to tethered (tied up on a rope) on the side
are still forced to become pregnant six weeks of age, without anaesthetic. of the road by themselves. This is sad,
and have their babies taken away because goats are intelligent, social
Hunting
from them shortly after birth. Their creatures that live in groups. They are
horns can be removed and males can In New Zealand feral goats are some of the most naturally curious and
be castrated, without anaesthetic. considered a pest animal, so can freedom loving animals. Tethered goats
Females are no longer of use to the be hunted at all times during the often do not have proper access to the
industry when their milk production year. Unfortunately, hunting is cruel. water they need. Goats need shelter as
drops below a certain point so they Not only does it take the lives of well, because they have very little fat
are killed. these animals but also hunting kills beneath their skin to keep them warm.
are not always instant and animals Goats are not always provided with
Goat Meat can suffer prolonged deaths. good enough shelter to help keep them
According to statistics New Zealand, in warm and dry when tethered. Tethered
Tahr in New Zealand
2014 there were over 97,000 farmed goats
goats in New Zealand. These farmed Although not strictly goats, tahr can be
goats only get to live a short amount are very closely related to goats strangled
of their natural life span because they and are also widely hunted in New by their
are killed young. Many of these are Zealand. Again this is because they tethers or
goats used for meat and are killed at are considered pests. Tahr, too, can hit by cars.
around eight months. Young goats can suffer prolonged deaths from hunting. Dogs can
be dehorned, or have the tips of their even attack
horns removed. Not only is this painful them as
but it can also lead to “scurs”, which are they cannot
partially formed horns. Scurs are prone run away teth ered goat
to damage and can grow in strange because of
curves and spirals. They can even their tether.
grow back into the goat’s head, tahr

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TIPS
TO HELP
ANIMALS

1 
Drink plant-based milk rather 2 Go meat free
than cow or goat milk Goats have feelings just like your cat or dog. Like all
animals, they feel pain and want to live. Though little
Just like cows, goats suffer on commercial goat milk goat meat is consumed in New Zealand, you can still
farms. You can help these goats by not drinking goat help by not eating goats.
milk. Try plant-based milk such as soy or almond.

3 Avoid hunting
Hunting is cruel. Animals can be wounded rather than 4 adopt a goat
killed and may suffer slow deaths. Don’t go hunting and Goats can be affectionate, curious companions. If
encourage people you know not to go hunting. you and your family want to adopt a goat, make sure
Tahr you have proper housing, a fresh supply of water,
Just like feral goats, you should avoid hunting tahr and good food and good fencing. Remember to get your
encourage others not to hunt them either. goat desexed, especially males who can become
aggressive if they are not desexed.

5 Let goats be free
You should never tether a goat. Sadly, it is still legal to tether goats in New Zealand and some people still do this.
If you find a tethered goat who looks in trouble, let the property owner know. Explain to them why tethering goats
is cruel, and see if they would consider letting their goats run free on their property.
You can also check and make sure they have proper shelter, a fresh supply of water and sufficient food, all of which
must be provided for tethered goats under the animal welfare act for goats. Inform the property owner if the goat
does not have these, or let the SPCA know.

3
KIND FOOD Note:
The best thing you can do for animals is to stop You may need som
e
eating them. Try this easy meat-free tagine! help from your
parent for this.

Pumpkin and C
hickpea Tagine
Utensils:
Instructions:
·· Tagine or a frying
pan
1. Sauté (fr y quick
·· A casserole dis ly in hot oil) the on
h if using a minutes in a tagin ion, garlic and spice
e pot, a cast iron ca s for five
frying pan mp cooker or a lar
2. Add the other ing ge frying pan.
·· Measuring cups redients.
3. Place the lid on
·· Measuring spoo the pot and put int
ns tender. (If using a o the oven for 1 1/
frying pan transfe 2 hours or until
·· Something to st r to a casserole dis
ir with To make the cous h).
cous
Ingredients: 1. Place couscous
in a bowl and cove
five minutes. r it with boiling wa
ter for
·· 3 C pumpkin cu
t into cubes 2. Add the choppe
d herbs, cardamom
·· 3 Tbsp. Morocca mix through. , raisins and almon
n spices ds and
·· 1 Tbsp. cumin
·· 1 onion diced
·· 4 cloves of garlic
·· 2 red peppers ro
ughly
Couscous
chopped
·· Boiling water
·· 3/4 C olives
·· 1 C couscous
·· 3/4 C prunes 
·· 1/2 C almonds
choppe d
·· 1 can chickpeas
·· Handful of fresh
·· 2 tins tomatoes coriander choppe
d
·· 2 tsp. salt  ·· Handful of mint
ch opped
·· 1 tsp. white pepp ·· 1 tsp. cardamom
er 
·· 3 Tbsp. olive oil ·· 1/2 C raisins

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SAFE KIDS FORr actAionNforIM ALS
animals.
This is where we recognise you

Nikolas (11) and Vincent (8)
Christchurch
Nikolas and Vincent have
been taking good care of
their companion rabbit,
Gandalf. They make sure
he has fresh water, good
food, space to run around
Maeva (12) Krista (12) outside and shelter. Great
job, guys!
Christchurch Auckland
Maeva made a speech Krista has started a
about factory farming petition to end the cruel
in her school speech practice of greyhound Maja (12)
competition. She was
selected to represent her
racing in Auckland. She
has also been raising
Auckland
class and made it all the money for the animal Maja has been doing a
way to the finals, giving sanctuary, in Matakana. petition asking Countdown
her speech in front of the Amazing, Krista! to drop cage-eggs. She has
whole school. She got a also been protesting and
medal and a certificate demonstrating at her school
Sign Krista’s petition
for getting into the finals. and outside Countdown. In
at change.org, just
We are sure she taught a her spare time, she and a few friends even managed
search Greyhound
lot of people about animal to run a vegan cooking class. It is extraordinary how
racing Auckland or use
suffering and hopefully much she does for animals. Fantastic stuff, Maja.
this tiny URL: https://
changed a few hearts and
goo.gl/7hmNeJ. You
minds at the same time.
can also share her You can find Maja’s petition at chang.org
Outstanding work, Maeva!
petition with your by searching Countdown please stop selling cage
friends and family. eggs! You can also use this tiny URL:
https://goo.gl/RbkJOO.

spot the difference 13
to fi
n d!

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SAFE YOUTH PROFILE
For the second year in a row, for his birthday, Nicky asked What is your favourite
his friends to bring money as a donation for SAFE instead veg food?
of presents. He raised $115. Great stuff! This was such an Nachos and Mum’s
amazing and considerate gesture that we thought Nicky coconut ice cream
more than deserved to be our SAFE Youth profile for this with custard.
newsletter.
Anything you want to Nic ky' s secon d
Name: Nicky share about animals? birthday do nation .

Age: 10 We have had all kinds
of animals in our house. We currently
Hometown: Christchurch
have three cats (Louie, Rose and Onix) and one dog (Max).
Favourite animal: Fox We also have three chickens (Lucy, Sarah and Henny) and
two cows (Sonny and Cher). Until recently I also had two
What got you interested in wanting to help animals?
rats, which were the best pets ever. At the moment we also
My family and I love animals. That’s the kind of house I have a mother duck with her five babies living on our pond,
grew up in, so to me it is always the right thing to do. which is pretty cool.

HOW TO Join SAFE Youth Joining SAFE
YOUTH is free!
If you would like to join SAFE Youth, simply photocopy this We will send you three newsletters
page, fill in the form below and cut it out then send it to per year and keep you up to date
with any SAFE Youth events.
SAFE, or sign up online at SAFE.org.nz/safe-youth

I would like to join SAFE YOUTH. Send your entry
form to:
Alex Woodham
Name:
SAFE
PO Box 13366
Date of birth: Armagh
Christchurch 8141
Ph: 03 379 9711
Street address: Fax: 03 374 9290
Email: alex@safe.org.nz

Suburb: City:

Phone number:

Email:

Name of Parent/Guardian:

is missing 12.Cloud in top left hand corner is missing 13.One of the trees on the left of the shelter is missing.
9.Baby goat in shelter is missing 10.Plant on the left side of shelter is a different colour 11.Plant at the bottom of picture
are a different colour 6.Goat’s back leg is missing 7.Goat’s toes/hooves are black 8.Goat on top of shelter is missing
1.Cloud on right of picture is raining 2.Bird is black 3.Goat has no grass in her mouth 4.Goat has no tail 5.Goat’s spots
SPOT THE DIFFERENCE ANSWERS - Difference in the left picture compared to the right:

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