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‫ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ ‪ ،١٦٫١‬ﻭﻱﺍﻡ ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ©  ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ‪ Inc Minitab.‬ﻛﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻇﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ®‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺷﻌﺎﺭ ®‪ Minitab‬ﻭ®‪ Quality Companion by Minitab‬ﻭ ‪ Quality Trainer by Minitab‬ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬
‫®‬

‫ﻣﺴﺠﻠﺔ ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ‪ Minitab, Inc.‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻠﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﺇﻥ ™‪ Capability Sixpack‬ﻭ‪Process Capability‬‬
‫™‪ Sixpack‬ﻭ™‪ ReportPad‬ﻭ™‪ StatGuide‬ﺟﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ‪.Minitab, Inc.‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ®‪ Six Sigma‬ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﻣﺴﺠﻠﺘﺎﻥ ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ‪ Motorola, Inc.‬ﻭﺗﻈﻞ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺫﻛﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﻠﻜﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻷﺻﺤﺎﺑﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻴﻴﻦ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬
‫‪ ١‬ﺑﺪء ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪١-١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ‪٢-١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ ‪٣-١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪٣-١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minitab‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٤-١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪٦-١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬

‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪١-٢ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-٢ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-٢ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٢-٢ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻳﻦ ‪٨-٢ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪١١-٢ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ ‪١٣-٢ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪١٤-٢ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬

‫‪ ٣‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪١-٣ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-٣ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-٣ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ ‪٢-٣ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ‪٤-٣ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻓﻲ ‪٩-٣ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minitab‬‬
‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪١١-٣ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬

‫‪ ٤‬ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ‪١-٤ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-٤ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-٤ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‪٢-٤ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ‪٨-٤ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬
‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪١٠-٤ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬

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. . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-٧ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫‪ ٨‬ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪١-٨ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻲ ‪٢-٥ . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ‪١-٧ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-٨ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪١-٦ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-٥ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‫‪ ٥‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ‪١-٥ .‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪١١-٨ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪٦-٦ . . . . . . . . . . . Microsoft PowerPoint‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪١١-٧ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-٦ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ‪٢-٨ . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺦ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ‪٦-٧ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪٩-٧ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ‪٥-٥ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪٤-٨ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-٦ . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-٨ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫‪iv‬‬ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ‪٦-٥ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ ‪٢-٦ . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻨﺔ ‪٧-٧ . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪٢-٧ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Exec‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪٨-٦ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪١٢-٥ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-٥ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ ‪٩-٥ . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-٧ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ‪٥-٦ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٥-٥ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ‪٦-٧ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‫‪ ٩‬ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ‪١-٩ . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫‪v‬‬ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪٧-٩ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-٩ . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪٢-١٠ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٥-١١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-١٠ . . . Session Command Help‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‪١١-١٠ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-١٠ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪٤-١٠ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-٩ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫‪١٠-١٠ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ‪٦-٩ . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ‪٥-٩ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺱ‪١-I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ‪٢-٩ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Help‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‪٨-١٠ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪٢-١١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫‪ ١٠‬ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‪١-١٠ . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ‪١-١١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ‪١-١١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Minitab Help‬‬ ‫‪٦-١٠ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺺ ‪٣-٩ . . .‬‬ ‫‪ ١١‬ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ‪١-١١ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

vi .

‬ﻭﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻌﺘﺎﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ‪:Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍءﺍﺕ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ‪ Minitab‬ﻟﻴﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺗﻚ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪١-١‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬ﻭﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ Meet Minitab‬ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍءﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ .Minitab‬ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ‪ Minitab‬ﻟﺘﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻘﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Minitab‬ﻭﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﻭﻋﻤﻞ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ‪ . ‫‪١‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪء ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،Meet Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪١-١‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٣-١‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤-١‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ Meet Minitab‬ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺮﺡ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣًﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻏﺎﻟﺒًﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺗﺠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻝ‪ .

Variables‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﻮﺏ ﺑﺨﻂ ﻋﺮﻳﺾ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.File‬ﻭﺇﻟﻴﻚ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪Exit‬‬ ‫‪File‬‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮ‪ Tally Individual Variables Tables Stat :‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺧﻴﺮﺍ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪Tally Individual‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ Stat‬ﺛﻢ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ‪Tables‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-١‬‬ .Minitab‬‬ ‫‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ Meet Minitab‬ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺘﻴﻦ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍءﺗﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻟﺘﺘﺒﻊ ﻗﺼﺔ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻳﺘﺨﺬﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ً‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎﻻ ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻌﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻣﺤﺪﺩ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﻟﻚ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ Meet Minitab‬ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﻓﺬ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺟﻬﺎ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪.‬ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ‫]‪[Alt]+[D‬‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ ]‪ ،[Alt‬ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ ]‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻟﻪ‪.Minitab Help‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻨﺎﻭﻻ ﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻭﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ ‪.[D‬‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Exit‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﻋﻤﻠﻚ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﻮﺯ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ ﻭﻧﺼﺎﺋﺢ‬ ‫ﻻﻗﺘﺮﺍﺡ ﻗﺮﺍءﺓ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺻﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab Help‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫‪StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ ]‪.‬‬ ‫‪Enter Pulse1.‫ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻷﺳﺌﻠﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ‪ .[Enter‬‬ ‫]‪[Enter‬‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‪ .

Minitab‬ﻓﺴﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻣﺠﻲ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻪ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻷﻗﺼﻰ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ ﺗﺸﺒﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻣﺼﻤﻤﺔ ﻹﺩﺧﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪.‬ﻭﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﺤﻦ ﻧﻈﺎﻣًﺎ ﺑﺮﻣﺠﻴًﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻣﺠﻲ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺑﻬﺪﻑ ﺩﻣﺞ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻄﺎﻗﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺎ ﻹﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺘﻬﺎ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻣﺠﻲ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﺃ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﻓﺬ‪.‫ﺑﺪء ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﺗﺠﺰﺋﺔ ﻟﺒﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺷﺤﻦ ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء‪.‬ﻓﺴﺘﻘﻮﻡ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻢ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﺗﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺄﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Statistical Software‬‬ ‫ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﻊ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺗﻴﻦ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻴﺘﻴﻦ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻧﺼﻲ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪Minitab 16‬‬ ‫‪Minitab‬‬ ‫‪Programs‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﻣﻬﺎﻡ ‪ ،Windows‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Start‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫‪.‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ — ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻛﻞ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻛﻤﺜﺎﻝ ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪٣-١‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﺘﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺃﻡ ﻻ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻢ ‪.

‬ﻭﻟﻦ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﺃﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍﺋﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﻭﺟﻮﺩﻙ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻲ‪.‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﻤﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-١‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻨﺴﺦ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‪ .‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١‬‬ ‫ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ‪Session‬‬ ‫ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪:‬‬ ‫– ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ‬ ‫– ﺻﻔﻮﻑ‬ ‫– ﺧﻼﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪.ShippingData.MTW‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺪء ﻓﻲ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ .٢-١١‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻓﺎﺭﻏﺔ ﻭﻗﺘﻤﺎ ﺗﺸﺎء‪ .‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪ ،٨‬ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪٥-١‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‫ﺑﺪء ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Open File‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪.٦-٩‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗُﺴﻤﻰ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪ .Worksheet‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪Look in‬‬ ‫‪،Minitab Sample Data‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‪.General‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،ShippingData.‬ﻭﻳﻤﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺻﻒ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ "ﺣﺎﻟﺔ" ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪.‬ﻭﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ‪.‬ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪.Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﻟﻔﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪Options Tools‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Sample Data‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻭﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ‪ .OK‬ﻹﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ‪ .Open‬ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪Do not‬‬ ‫‪display this message‬‬ ‫‪ ،again‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‪ .MTW‬ﺛﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .

٥-١١‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﺈﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ ﺑﺪء ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ .‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ )"‪ "On time‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺷﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﻋﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺪﺩ ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫"‪ "Back order‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻧﻘﺺ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺰﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ "‪ "Late‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺷﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻃﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﺑﺴﺘﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ(‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-١‬‬ .Minitab‬ﻭﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪.

Stat‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻨﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻭﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺻﺤﺔ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻠﺨﻴﺺ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻭﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪. ‫‪٢‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٢-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٥-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣﻀﻠﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٦-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ،Help‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٨-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٩-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪١٠-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪١٢-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪١٣-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪١٣-٢‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺘﻲ ‪ Graph‬ﻭ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻢ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻭﻧﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪءًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺷﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪١-٢‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .

‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٢‬‬

‫ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺋﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﻁ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻣﻮﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻄﻮﺭ ﻭﻭﺿﻊ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫■‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺰﺋﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ‬ ‫■‬

‫ﻳﺴﺘﻌﺮﺽ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﻨﺖ ﻗﺪ ﻓﺘﺤﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻭﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ‬
‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Graphs‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪ Minitab Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬
‫ﺍﻹﺩﺧﺎﻝ ‪ Overview‬ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪ .Minitab‬ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪ ،Help‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬
‫‪ ،Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪.Index‬‬

‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ً‬
‫ﺃﻭﻻ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺗﺠﺎﻧﺲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺴﺎﻭﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﺸﻚ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺭﺳﻢ‬
‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ .Open Worksheet‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ً‬
‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺇﺫ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ‬
‫ﻓﺎﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺓ ‪.٤‬‬
‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Look in Minitab Sample Data‬ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ ،Meet Minitab‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬
‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬
‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Sample Data‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬
‫‪ ،ShippingData.MTW‬ﻭﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Open‬‬
‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Graph ➤ Individual Value Plot‬‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻤﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪Minitab‬‬
‫ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺤﺪﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻙ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺮﺽ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ٥‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،One Y‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،With Groups‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ‬
‫ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.OK‬‬

‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-٢‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬

‫‪ ٦‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Graph variables‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ‬
‫‪.Days‬‬
‫‪ ٧‬ﻓﻲ ‪Categorical variables for‬‬
‫)‪،grouping (1-4, outermost first‬‬
‫ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.Center‬‬
‫ﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﺭﺳﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺇﻛﻤﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ‬
‫ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﻱ ﺯﺭ ﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺨﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ٨‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .Data View‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪Mean‬‬
‫‪.connect line‬‬
‫‪ ٩‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ؛ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬
‫ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ً‬
‫ﺗﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪Select‬؛ ﺃﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬

‫‪٣-٢‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬

‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٢‬‬

‫ً‬
‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﺰﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﺃﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﺒﻴﻦ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻳﻦ ‪ Central‬ﻭ‪ .Eastern‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﺤﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻀﻠﻊ‬
‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﻴﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﺤﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ‬
‫‪.Histogram‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Graph‬‬
‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،With Fit And Groups‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.OK‬‬

‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Graph variables‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ‬
‫‪.Days‬‬
‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ‪Categorical variables‬‬
‫)‪ ،for grouping (0-3‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ‬
‫‪.Center‬‬
‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.OK‬‬

‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬

‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-٢‬‬

(Days‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Text‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪Histogram of Delivery‬‬ ‫‪.OK‬‬ ‫‪٥-٢‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬ﻭﻳﺒﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪ ،٣‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻴﺾ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺃﻗﺼﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ‪ Western‬ﻭﺃﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻭﻕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺰﻯ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‪.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻯ ﻓﻲ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﺤﻦ‪ .‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ‪ .Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻴﺮﺍ ﻓﻲ ‪ .Minitab‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻓﻌﻠﻴًﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺃﻱ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‪.Bold‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ )‪Histogram of‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪.Header Font‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Style‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪.Eastern‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻳﺒﻴﻦ ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺗﺸﺎﺑﻬًﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ً‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ً‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻣﻀﻠﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﻤﺖ ﻟﺘﻮﻙ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎﺋﻪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻞ ﺧﻂ ﻧﺺ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ )ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ(‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‪.Time‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬ﺇﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻫﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ‪ ٣٫٩٨٤—Central‬ﻳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ‪ ٤٫٤٥٢—Eastern‬ﻳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ‪ ٢٫٩٨١—Western‬ﻳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ ‪ Central‬ﻭً‪.‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪ Updating graphs‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺫﻱ ﻟﻮﺣﺔ‬ ‫‪.‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٢‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺑﻈﻬﻮﺭ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﺨﻂ ﻋﺮﻳﺾ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻭﺿﻮﺣًﺎ‪.Histogram‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Graph‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،With Fit‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺫﻱ ﻟﻮﺣﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻘﻀﻲ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻀﻠﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪.Graphics‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺮﺳﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Options‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺳﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﻭﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻭﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪.Individual Graphs Options Tools‬‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ﺗﻢ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻀﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ‪.OK‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-٢‬‬ .

‬‬ ‫‪٧-٢‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻼ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻮﺯﻉ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻌًﺎ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴًﺎ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒًﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﺿﺢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﺤﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺗﺨﺬﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣ ًﺪﺍ‪.Days‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ ،Multiple Graphs‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪.Center‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Graph variables‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ (Probability Plot‬ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪ ٥٠‬ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ )‪Graph‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‪.By Variables‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﻓﻲ ‪By variables with groups in‬‬ ‫‪ ،separate panels‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.

Help‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪.‬ﻭﻟﻠﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﻚ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻛﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﺤﺘﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺒﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ‪.‬ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ ﻭﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪Help‬‬ ‫‪.‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٢‬‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﻣﻪ ﻭﻣﺪﻯ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‪ .Index‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻹﺩﺧﺎﻝ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Type in the keyword to find‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ Graphs‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪ Overview‬ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻷﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﺤﻦ ﻳﺨﺪﻡ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﺻﻐﻴﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻻ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ‬‫ً‬ ‫ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪ .of variables‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٨-٢‬‬ .Help‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ‪،Help‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪Types of‬‬ ‫‪ ،graphs‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪Examine‬‬ ‫‪relationships‬‬ ‫‪between pairs‬‬ ‫‪.

OK‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Y variables‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.Scatterplot‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Graph‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،With Regression‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺘﺮﺡ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ‪ Help‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻣﺜﻞ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪.Days‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،X variables‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ‬ ‫‪.Distance‬‬ ‫‪٩-٢‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻱ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ Help‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪ .[F1‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ‪ ،Minitab Help‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪ ،١٠‬ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻄﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺳﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻢ ﻟﺘﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺯﻣﻼءﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﻊ ﻟﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‪.OK‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٠-٢‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻ ﺗُﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺃﻱ ﻧﻤﻂ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﻷﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪.from shipping center‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.By Variables‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﻓﻲ ‪By variables with groups in‬‬ ‫‪ ،separate panels‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻻﻧﺤﺪﺍﺭ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻄﺤﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﻴًﺎ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺄﺛﺮ ﺑﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪.Center‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٢‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ ،Multiple Graphs‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪.Footnote‬‬ ‫‪Add‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Editor‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Footnote‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪Relationship‬‬ ‫‪between delivery time and distance‬‬ ‫‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮﺍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻳﺤﻤﻞ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺳﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﺑﻬﺪﻑ ﺇﻃﻼﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺰﺍ ﻟﻠﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‪.[F3‬‬ ‫‪١١-٢‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﻭﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺪﺓ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﺼﺪﺭ ﺃﻣﺮ ‪ Minitab‬ﻛﻨﺖ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻳﺘﺬﻛﺮ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻹﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻠﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺳﺤﺒﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻨﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻨﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻳﺔ‪.Layout Tool‬ﻓﺘﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﻂ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻨﺸﻴﻂ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Editor‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‪.‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٢‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺫﻱ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﺣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ‪.Finish‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٢-٢‬‬ .‬ﺑﻞ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤُﺤﺪﺛﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‪.

Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺪﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫‪.‬ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ Minitab‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫‪ Session‬ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﺤﻔﻮﻇﺎﺕ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻭﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‪ .Print Graph‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻄﻬﺎ ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻼ ﻣﺜﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﻔﻌﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻳﺔ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻓﻲ ‪.Program Files‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ Meet Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ‬ ‫‪.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺻﻔﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‪.My Documents‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺘﺎﺭﻩ )ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪.‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‪ .Title‬‬ ‫‪Add‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Editor‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Title‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ .Graphical Analysis of Shipping Center Data‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬ﻟﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺌﻨﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺤﻔﻆ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ .(Program Files‬‬ ‫‪١٣-٢‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .OK‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ .

‬‬ ‫ﻭﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻭﻕ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Save‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺣﻔﻈﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﻳﻄﺎﻟﺒﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﻏﻠﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‪.MPJ‬‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪.My_Graphs.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٤-٢‬‬ .Save Project As‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪Minitab‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.MPJ‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺪﺍﺩ ‪.‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٢‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Stat menu‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪:Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺤﺪﺍﺭ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻀﻤﻨﺔ ﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺗﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ‪ StatGuide‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ Project Manager‬ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ .Minitab‬ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺧﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻧﻮﺍﻗﺺ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻤﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ ﻓﻲ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺫﺍ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫‪١-٣‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ . ‫‪٣‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٢-٣‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤-٣‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤-٣‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ‪ ،StatGuide‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٨-٣‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،Project Manager‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٩-٣‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎء ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﻭﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﻣﻨﻬﺠﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﻠﺨﻴﺼﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻨﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺣﺼﺎء ﻟﻮﺻﻒ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﻭﻫﻤﺎ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻬﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ‪.

‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺑﺈﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ ﻏﺎﻟﺒًﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.N total‬‬ ‫‪ ١١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.Status‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻻ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺇﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‪ .‬ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﺠﻠﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪Display Descriptive Individual Commands Options Tools‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٨‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Days‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﻓﻲ )‪ ،By variables (optional‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪Center‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،New File‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .Minitab Project‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .Open Worksheet‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Look in Minitab Sample Data‬ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-٣‬‬ .‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٣‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ ﺑﺘﻠﺨﻴﺺ ﻭﻭﺻﻒ ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺯﺓ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.Open‬ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪ ،٢‬ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ ،Meet Minitab‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Sample Data‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪ ،ShippingData.MTW‬ﻭﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪Display‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Basic Statistics Stat‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪ Display Descriptive Statistics‬ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺧﺮﺓ ﻭﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻧﻮﺍﻗﺺ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﺤﻦ‪.Statistics‬‬ ‫‪ ٩‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﻟﻐﺎء ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪ First quartile‬ﻭ‪ Median‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ Third quartile‬ﻭ‪،N nonmissing‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪.Statistics‬ﻓﻌﻨﺪ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ‪ Statistics‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺠﺪﻩ ﻳﻌﻜﺲ ﺗﻔﻀﻴﻼﺗﻚ‪.Descriptive Statistics‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Variables‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺅﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ‪ Statistics‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪.N missing‬‬ ‫‪ ١٠‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪.OK‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺒﺪء ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪.

748‬‬ ‫‪On time‬‬ ‫‪92 4.678‬‬ ‫‪0.234‬‬ ‫‪0.(٩‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Central‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺛﺎﻧﻲ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻧﻮﺍﻗﺺ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ )‪(٦‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺧﺮﺓ )‪.078‬‬ ‫‪7.157 0.‬ﻭﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺧﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪.826‬‬ ‫‪0.983‬‬ ‫‪Results for Center = Eastern‬‬ ‫‪Total‬‬ ‫‪Variable Status‬‬ ‫‪Count‬‬ ‫‪Mean‬‬ ‫‪SE Mean StDev Minimum‬‬ ‫‪Maximum‬‬ ‫‪Days‬‬ ‫‪Back order‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫‪Late‬‬ ‫‪9 6.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺪﺓ‪ .180 0.681‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺇﺿﺎﻓﺘﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻭﻃﺒﺎﻋﺘﻬﺎ‪ .953‬‬ ‫‪Results for Center = Western‬‬ ‫‪Total‬‬ ‫‪Variable Status‬‬ ‫‪Count‬‬ ‫‪Mean‬‬ ‫‪SE Mean StDev Minimum‬‬ ‫‪Maximum‬‬ ‫‪Days‬‬ ‫‪Back order‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫‪On time‬‬ ‫‪102 2.267‬‬ ‫‪5.149‬‬ ‫‪1.‬‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻄﺄ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺪ ﺍﻷﺩﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺼﻰ ﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‪ .860‬‬ ‫‪5.541‬‬ ‫‪6.254‬‬ ‫‪7.‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪Descriptive Statistics: Days‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫‪Session‬‬ ‫‪Results for Center = Central‬‬ ‫‪Total‬‬ ‫‪Variable Status‬‬ ‫‪Count‬‬ ‫‪Mean‬‬ ‫‪SE Mean StDev Minimum‬‬ ‫‪Maximum‬‬ ‫‪Days‬‬ ‫‪Back order‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫*‬ ‫‪Late‬‬ ‫‪6 6.(٦‬‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻮﺍﻗﺺ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ )‪ (٣‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮﺓ‪.385‬‬ ‫‪6.Total Count‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﻗﺺ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Eastern‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻧﻮﺍﻗﺺ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ )‪ (٨‬ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺧﺮﺓ )‪.112 1.108 1.119 1.871‬‬ ‫‪5.431‬‬ ‫‪0.‬ﻭﻻ ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻧﻮﺍﻗﺺ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﻟﻌﺪﻡ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫‪٣-٣‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .981‬‬ ‫‪0.090‬‬ ‫‪1.077‬‬ ‫‪1.070‬‬ ‫‪On time‬‬ ‫‪93 3.‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻝ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪،٧‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‪.

‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٣‬‬

‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺷﻴﻮﻋﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﻻﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻳﻤﺜﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ‬
‫‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ‪ t‬ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻮﺟﻪ ﻋﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻓﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺻﺤﺔ ﺍﺩﻋﺎء ﻣﺒﺪﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﻳﺨﺘﺒﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﺩﻋﺎء ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺘﻴﻦ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻡ )ﻭﻳُﺮﻣﺰ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺑـ ‪ (H0‬ﻭﻓﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺑﺪﻳﻠﺔ )ﻭﻳُﺮﻣﺰ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺑـ ‪ .(H1‬ﺗﻤﺜﻞ ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻡ ﺍﻻﺩﻋﺎءﺍﻟﻤﺒﺪﺋﻲ ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺒًﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‪ .‬ﺃﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻳﻠﺔ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‪.‬‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻭﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻲ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺗﻈﻦ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ )ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ( ﻋﺒﺮ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ )ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ( ﺫﻭ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻠﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ‬
‫ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺨﺘﺒﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﻧﺲ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﻴﻦ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻔﻬﻢ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﻢ‬
‫ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﺘﻮﻛﻲ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻤﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪.‬‬

‫‪.One-Way‬‬ ‫‪ANOVA‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Stat‬‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬
‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Response‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪ .Days‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Factor‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ‬
‫‪.Center‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺷﺎﺋﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ‪ .‬ﻟﺬﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ‬
‫ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪.‬‬

‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Comparisons‬‬
‫‪ ٤‬ﺣﺪﺩ ‪ ،family error rate ،Tukey’s‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.OK‬‬

‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-٣‬‬

‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬

.Graphs ‫ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬٥
‫ ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ‬،‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬
‫ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻀﻤﻨﺔ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻓﻲ‬Minitab
.‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻭﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺻﺤﺔ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬
Boxplots‫ ﻭ‬Individual value plot ‫ ﺣﺪﺩ‬٦
.of data
.Four in one ‫ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬،Residual Plots ‫ ﺗﺤﺖ‬٧
.‫ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‬OK ‫ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬٨

One-way ANOVA: Days versus Center ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬
Session
Source DF SS MS F P
Center 2 114.63 57.32 39.19 0.000
Error 299 437.28 1.46
Total 301 551.92

S = 1.209 R-Sq = 20.77% R-Sq(adj) = 20.24%

Individual 95% CIs For Mean Based on
Pooled StDev
Level N Mean StDev -----+---------+---------+---------+----
Central 99 3.984 1.280 (----*---)
Eastern 101 4.452 1.252 (----*----)
Western 102 2.981 1.090 (----*---)
- ----+---------+---------+---------+----
3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50

Pooled StDev = 1.209

Grouping Information Using Tukey Method

Center N Mean Grouping
Eastern 101 4.452 A
Central 99 3.984 B
Western 102 2.981 C

Means that do not share a letter are significantly different.

٥-٣ Meet Minitab

‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٣‬‬

‫‪Tukey 95% Simultaneous Confidence Intervals‬‬
‫‪All Pairwise Comparisons among Levels of Center‬‬

‫‪Individual confidence level = 98.01%‬‬

‫‪Center = Central subtracted from:‬‬

‫‪Center‬‬ ‫‪Lower Center‬‬ ‫‪Upper‬‬ ‫‪---------+---------+---------‬‬
‫‪+---------+‬‬
‫‪Eastern 0.068 0.468‬‬ ‫‪0.868‬‬ ‫)‪(---*---‬‬
‫‪Western -1.402 -1.003 -0.603‬‬ ‫)‪(---*---‬‬
‫‪---------+---------+---------‬‬
‫‪+---------+‬‬
‫‪-1.0‬‬ ‫‪0.0‬‬ ‫‪1.0‬‬ ‫‪2.0‬‬

‫‪Center = Eastern subtracted from:‬‬

‫‪Center‬‬ ‫‪Lower Center‬‬ ‫‪Upper‬‬ ‫‪---------+---------+---------+‬‬
‫‪---------+‬‬
‫‪Western -1.868 -1.471 -1.073‬‬ ‫)‪(---*---‬‬
‫‪---------+---------+---------‬‬
‫‪+---------+‬‬
‫‪-1.0‬‬ ‫‪0.0‬‬ ‫‪1.0‬‬ ‫‪2.0‬‬

‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ )ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ‪ (p‬ﻟﻼﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻄﻰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﻭﻳﺔ ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻮﻳﺔ )ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ‪ (α‬ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻮﺏ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻡ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺪﻋﻢ ﺍﻻﺩﻋﺎءﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻳﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻼ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻡ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻻ ﻳﺪﻋﻢ‬ ‫■‬
‫ﺍﻻﺩﻋﺎءﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻳﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ )‪ً (٠٫٠٠٠‬‬
‫ﺩﻟﻴﻼ ﻛﺎﻓﻴًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﺤﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻮﻳﺔ ‪ .٠٫٠٥‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻓﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ‬
‫‪ ،٪٩٥‬ﻻﺣﻆ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺪﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻟﻜﻨﻚ‬
‫ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺃﻳﻦ ﺗﻜﻤﻦ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻛﻲ ﺑﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻓﻲ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‪ ،‬ﻧﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻧﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﺤﻦ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ‪.‬‬

‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-٣‬‬

‬‬ ‫‪٧-٣‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Central‬ﻭﺑﺘﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻛﻲ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻷﻥ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻓﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺮ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﺃﺳﺮﻉ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ )‪ ٢٫٩٨١‬ﻳﻮﻡ(‪.‬ﻟﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﺔ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ‪ .٠٫٨٦٨‬ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﻭﺣﺎ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ Central‬ﻳﺘﺮﺍﻭﺡ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ ٠٫٠٦٨‬ﻭ‪٠٫٨٦٨‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪Eastern‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺪﻭﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﺪ‬ ‫‪ Eastern‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺷﺎﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ )ﻳﺮﻣﺰ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑـ ∗(‪،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻤﺜﻞ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﺮﻕ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻓﺘﺮﺓ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺓ‪.‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﻓﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﺛﻘﺔ ﺗﻮﻛﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Central‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Eastern‬ﻭ‪Western‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Eastern‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪Western‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺮﺍﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﻛﻲ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ ٠٫٠٦٨‬ﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Eastern‬ﺗﺴﺘﻐﺮﻕ ﻓﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﺃﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻄﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺪﻭﻗﻴﺔ )‪ (boxplots‬ﺃﻥ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻳﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ .

‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ— ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﺭﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻹﻏﻼﻗﻬﺎ‪.‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﻜﻞ ﻟﻠﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪.٨-١٠‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪.‬ﻭﻳﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮﺓ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻴًﺎ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ‪ ،StatGuide‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ‪ ،StatGuide‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪.My_Stats.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻓﻘﺔ— ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺑﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ ﻟﻠﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻮﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﺘﻮﻛﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺟﺰء ‪ ،Contents‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪Tukey’s‬‬ ‫‪.method‬‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻔﺢ ﻋﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺭﻏﺒﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.Save‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٨-٣‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺳﻲ‪.‬ﻳﺠﺐ ﺃﻻ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ً‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻄﺎ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﺪﻭﺙ ﺃﻱ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﺽ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ .MPJ‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺷﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ‪.Save Project As‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺰﻳ ًﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻻﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﺘﻮﻛﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ‪ StatGuide‬ﻣﻦ ‪ Minitab‬ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﻟﻚ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻭﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ‪ .‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٣‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ— ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‪ .‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ— ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﻟﻠﻮﻗﺖ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻳﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺷﺒﻪ ﻣﺘﻤﺎﺛﻞ ﻭﺟﺮﺳﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻞ‪.‬ﻭﻳﻼﺋﻢ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ‪.‬ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺃﻱ ﺧﻂ ﺷﺒﻪ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻌﻬﺎ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪ Project Manager‬ﺃﻭ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ،Project Manager‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ‪Project‬‬ ‫ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.Session‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪.‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪.‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻓﻲ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻓﻲ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ Minitab‬ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪Session‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺗﺠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻼﺗﻚ‪ .٣-١١‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪.Project Manager‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺰﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ One-way ANOVA: Days versus Center‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺰء ﺍﻷﻳﺴﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﻤﺖ ﻟﻠﺘﻮ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍﺋﻬﺎ‪.‬ﺑﻬﺪﻑ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪،Project Manager‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﺰ ‪Show Session Folder‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪Session‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪٩-٣‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .[Ctrl]+[I‬‬ ‫‪Manager‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﺤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺰء‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﺟﺰﺍء ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ ﻭﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺘﻬﺎ‪.

Project Manager‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺰﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ Boxplot of Days‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺰء ﺍﻷﻳﺴﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪.‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻓﻲ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٣‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺰء‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٠-٣‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺪﻭﻗﻴﺔ )‪ (boxplot‬ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﻣﺰ ‪Show Graphs‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺰء ﺍﻷﻳﺴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ‪ Project Manager‬ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺪﻭﻗﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺰء ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ‪.

‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻤﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪Western‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﺩﺭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ً‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪١١-٣‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ Western‬ﺑﻪ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺧﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻧﻮﺍﻗﺺ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﻭﻟﺪﻳﻪ ﺃﻗﺼﺮ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪ .

‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٣‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٢-٣‬‬ .

‬ﻭﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻮﺏ ﻭﺗﺼﻨﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﻭﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﻭﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺑﺄﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ ﻭﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ )ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﻗﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ( ﻭﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻮﻟﻴﺔ‪/‬ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺎء‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪١-٤‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻝ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺋﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ‪.‬ﻭﻳﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻭﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‪. ‫‪٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٢-٤‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٣-٤‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٥-٤‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٧-٤‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٧-٤‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٩-٤‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗُﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺑﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻔﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء‪ .

‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺮﺳﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎء‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺪ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻱ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺪ ﺍﻷﺩﻧﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻱ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﺨﺮﺍﺋﻂ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Control Charts‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺪﺩ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻢ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮﺓ )ﻓﻲ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ( ﻭﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ً‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻟﺘﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺟﺰءًﺍ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺘﺮﺡ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ )‪ Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ‪ :١‬ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ < ‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻱ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ‪ :٢‬ﺗﺴﻊ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻒ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻱ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ‪ :٣‬ﺳﺖ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻒ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻘﻞ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-٤‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺮﺳﻢ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ — ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻫﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺯﻭﻧﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻮﺏ — ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺅﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﺃﻥ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‬ ‫‪ Western‬ﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﺳﺮﻉ‪ .Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺷﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‪ ،‬ﻳﻠﺰﻣﻚ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪.‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻷﺳﻲ ﻭﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻳﺒﻞ ﻭﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﺎ ﻭﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎﺭ‪.

Open Project‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.OK‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ‬ ‫‪.‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺑﺈﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﻱ ﺯﺭ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺍﻟﺨﺮﻳﻄﺔ‪.‬ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪ ١٠‬ﻋﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺪﺓ ‪ ٢٠‬ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ ﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻃﺮﺃﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ) ( ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (S‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﺗﻐﻴﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‪ .٧‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ K‬ﻟﻼﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.٦-٩‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺖ ﺟﺎﻫﺰ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‪ .Minitab Project‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺒﺪء ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪.Xbar-S‬‬ ‫‪Variables Charts for Subgroups‬‬ ‫‪Control Charts‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Stat‬‬ ‫ﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‪ .Tests Tools‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .Open‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،New File‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫‪Control Options‬‬ ‫‪Charts and Quality‬‬ ‫‪.‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺄﺛﺮﺕ ﺑﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ ﺑﻌﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻀﻴﻼﺗﻚ‪.C:\Program Files\Minitab\Minitab 16\’English\Sample Data\Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫)ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺘﻚ ﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺑﺨﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ‪(.٧‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.MPJ‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ K‬ﻟﻼﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪.‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻭﺿﻌﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ‪ ،AIAG‬ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ‪ ٧‬ﻟﻼﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﻳﻦ ‪ ٢‬ﻭ‪ ،٣‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻬﺬﺍ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪٣-٤‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ) ( ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (S‬ﻋﻨﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺠﻢ ‪ ٩‬ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،Quality.

٢-٤‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﻳﺔ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺗﺒﻮﻳﺐ ﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪.Date‬‬ ‫‪ ٨‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ ،Xbar-S Options‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Stages‬ﻭ‪Tests‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪ S Limits‬ﻭ‪ Box-Cox‬ﻓﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻟﻤﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺮﺍﺋﻂ‪ .Tests‬ﻻﺣﻆ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎ ً‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‪) .Days‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Subgroup sizes‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.‬ﻭﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫‪ Parameters‬ﻭ‪ Estimate‬ﻭ‪Display‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪ Storage‬ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-٤‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺨﺮﻳﻄﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٩‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٤‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪All observations for a‬‬ ‫‪ ،chart are in one column‬ﺛﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺨﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪.‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪(.

٠٫٦٢٩‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ‪ .C2‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻄﻬﺎ‪.(+‬ﻓﺎﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪[Ctrl‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﺤﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺷﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ‪ ٢١٠‬ﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ ﺑﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﺮﺭﺓ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻠﺰﻣﻚ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ C1‬ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪.(Stem-and-Leaf‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ) ( ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ )‪ ،(S‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﺑﻤﻨﺤﻚ ﻣﺰﻳ ًﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،٢٠٠٩/٢٣/٣‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪.‬ﻭﺗﺘﻮﺍﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻭﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪) Graph‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺃﺿﻒ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ C2‬ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ‪:٢٠١‬‬ ‫‪٢٫٥٠ ٢٫٥٨ ٣٫٤٠ ٢٫٧٩ ٢٫٧٥ ٢٫٤٠ ٣٫٢١ ٢٫٨٠ ٢٫٤٠ ٣٫٦٠‬‬ ‫‪٥-٤‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ )ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮﻳﻦ(‪ .C1‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ٢٠٠٩/٢٣/٣‬ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺷﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﻘﺒﺾ ‪ Autofill‬ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺰﺓ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ ٢٠٠٩/٢٣/٣‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ‪ ،٢١٠–٢٠١‬ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ ٢٠٠٩/٢٣/٣‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ‪ ٢٠١‬ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪.‬ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫) ( ﻫﻮ ‪ ٢٫٩٨٥‬ﻭﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ ) ( ﻫﻮ ‪.‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻊ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺃﻧﻤﺎﻁ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺷﺮ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ C1‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪ [End‬ﻟﻼﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.‬ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪،[Ctrl‬‬ ‫ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺻﻠﻴﺐ ﺻﻐﻴﺮ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﻣﺰ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻤﻘﺒﺾ‬ ‫‪ (++) Autofill‬ﻭﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺳﺘﺘﻢ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻗﻴﻢ ﻣﺘﻜﺮﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ ﻭﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻗﻴﻢ ﻣﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‪.‬ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﺾ‪ ،‬ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺭﻣﺰ ﺻﻠﻴﺐ )‪ .

‬ﻭﻳﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ )‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ )) ( = ‪ (٠٫٦٢٠٧‬ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺑﺴﻴﻂ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﺎﺗﺰﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪. set graph to update automatically when data change‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-٤‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ 1‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Data entry arrow‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺈﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﺔ‪.Other Graphics Options Graphics Options Tools‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪.On creation.Graph Now‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫= ‪ (٢٫٩٧٨‬ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺠﺪ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﻭ‪ S‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ) ( ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (S‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Update‬‬ ‫‪.‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٤‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﺠﻬًﺎ ﻷﺳﻔﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪ [Enter‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺷﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻬﺪﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ ‪ ،٩‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‪.Reference Lines‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪Show reference lines at Y‬‬ ‫‪ ،values‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺣﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻳﺄﺗﻲ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﻓﻲ ﻏﻀﻮﻥ ‪ ٣٫٣٣‬ﺃﻳﺎﻡ )‪ ٨٠‬ﺳﺎﻋﺔ( ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻟﺬﺍ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﺑﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺪﻑ‪.٣٫٣٣‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫‪٧-٤‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻷﻱ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺳﺘﺮﻯ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ‬ ‫)ﺍﻟﺨﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻳﺔ( ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Add‬‬ ‫‪.٩‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺗﻠﻤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻟﻠﻌﻴﻨﺔ ‪ ٩‬ﻫﻮ ‪ ٣٫٣٦٩‬ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Process Capability‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.(٣٫٣٣‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺭﺍ "ﺟﻴﺪﺓ" ﺃﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ "ﺟﻴﺪﺓ"؟ ﻭﺗﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ — ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻞ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﺆﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺗﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﻌﺪ ﻣﺆﺷﺮﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻻﺧﺘﺰﺍﻝ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺠﺮﺩ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺄﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ‪ ٩‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ )< ‪.‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٤‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻊ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻱ ) ( ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﺗﺘﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺃﺳﺮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻬﺪﻑ ﻭﻫﻮ ‪ ٣٫٣٣‬ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺗﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴًﺎ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺭﺳﻢ ﻣﻀﻠﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٨-٤‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻟﻠﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻭﺍﻷﺳﻲ ﻭﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭﻳﺒﻞ ﻭﺟﺎﻣﺎ ﻭﺑﻮﺍﺳﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﻦ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪٩-٤‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﺄﻛﺪﻙ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺗﺘﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﺆﺩﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﻘﺒﻮﻟﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.٦‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺪﻑ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ‪ ٣٫٣٣‬ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒًﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‪.Date‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Upper spec‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.٣٫٣٣‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺇﻣﺎ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ‪.Days‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Subgroup size‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.Normal‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪،Data are arranged as‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺪ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﻫﻮ ‪) ٦‬ﻓﺘﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺃﻱ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻠﻘﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ‪ ٦‬ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺄﺧﺮﺓ(؛ ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺤﺪ ﺍﻷﺩﻧﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ‪ .Options‬ﻓﻲ ‪Target‬‬ ‫)‪ ،(adds Cpm to table‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Quality Tools Stat‬‬ ‫‪Capability Analysis‬‬ ‫‪.Single column‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.

StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪.MPJ‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻠﺔ ﻋﻦ ‪) ١٫٣٣‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻘﺒﻮﻟﺔ ﺑﻮﺟﻪ ﻋﺎﻡ( ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺘﺮﺓ ﺯﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻘﺒﻮﻟﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ‪ Capability Analysis‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺝ ‪) Cpm‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺪ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺠﺬﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﻌﻲ ﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺪﻑ( ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ ‪ ١٫٢٢‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺪﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﺨﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺪﻑ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻮﺓ‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪.Save Project As‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.Western‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٠-٤‬‬ .Save‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﻓﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻭﻣﻘﺪﺭﺗﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻣﻊ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﻳﺤﺼﻠﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺗﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺳﺮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺪﻑ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ ‪ ٣٫٣٣‬ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‪.‬ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻕ ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪.My_Quality.

‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻭﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‪ ،‬ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﻟﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻄﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺗﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‪ . ‫‪٥‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪١-٥‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪١-٥‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٥-٥‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٦-٥‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٩-٥‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﻗﺪﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ )‪ (DOE‬ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫)ﺍﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ( ﻓﻲ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻇﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺞ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺛﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺛﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺪﺧﻼﺕ )ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ( ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻟﺤﺪ ﺍﻷﻗﺼﻰ ﻟﻠﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‪.‬ﻭﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺟﻴﺔ ﻹﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻱ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎﺋﻪ ﻓﻲ ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١-٥‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬ﻭﺗﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻲ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ‪ Minitab‬ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻤﻤﺔ‪ :‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻂ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ‪) Taguchi‬ﻗﻮﻱ(‪ .‬ﻭﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺪﺧﻼﺕ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺛﻢ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ‪ .

‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ ﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﺛﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻫﻤﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻐﺮﻕ ﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﺤﻦ‪.‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ً‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪.Minitab Project‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺒﺪء ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪.‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ً‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻤﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ‪ .‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٥‬‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﻟﻮﺟﺎﺕ ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻟﺘﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻘﺎﺋﻲ ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﻚ ﻭﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻤﺠﺮﺩ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺼﻪ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻭﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺗﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻐﺮﻕ ﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‬ ‫‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .Western‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺮﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺆﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻐﺮﻕ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﺸﺤﻨﻬﺎ ﻫﻤﺎ‪ :‬ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،New File‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .OK‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-٥‬‬ .‬ﻭﺑﻤﺠﺮﺩ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ‪.‬ﻟﺬﺍ ﺗﻘﺮﺭ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ ﻻﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺪﺓ ﻟﻠﺸﺤﻦ ﻷﻗﺼﻰ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺗﻀﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ‪ .Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳُﺘﺎﺡ ﻟﻚ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻲ ﻭﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻮﻓﺮﻫﺎ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ DOE‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ Western‬ﺑﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﺘﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺤﺪﺩ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺳﻴﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺘﻴﻦ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ﻭﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺼﻲ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺴﺮﻳﻊ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻡ ﻻ‪ .

١‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫‪٣-٥‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Display Available Designs‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﺮﺽ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻨﺔ ﻭﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٨‬ﻓﻲ ‪Number of replicates for corner‬‬ ‫‪ ،points‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻘﻢ ﺑﺈﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﻔﺾ ﻋﻠﻰ –‪ ١‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.Display Available Designs‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻟﻠﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‪.‬ﻻﺣﻆ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﻘﻴﺔ‪.٣‬‬ ‫‪ ٩‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻟﻠﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Type of Design‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪2-level‬‬ ‫)‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺈﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﺳﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺩﺧﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻷﺳﻤﺎء ﻛﺘﺴﻤﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ .Designs‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺇﻛﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ‪.factorial (default generators‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Number of factors‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬ﻭﻳﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗُﺠﺮﻱ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤًﺎ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴًﺎ ﻳﻀﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺣ ًﺪﺍ ﻫﻮ‪ :‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ ً‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ‪ .Designs‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺗﻬﺎ‪ .Factorial Design‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﺭﻳﻦ ﻓﻘﻂ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﺎ ‪Display Available Designs‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪٢٢‬‬ ‫)ﺃﻭ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ( ﻣﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻨﺔ‪.‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻲ‬ ‫‪Create‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Factorial DOE Stat‬‬ ‫‪.٢‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Designs‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.

High‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Type‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Text‬‬ ‫‪ ،Factor B‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ Pack‬ﻓﻲ ‪ Name‬ﻭ‪ A‬ﻓﻲ ‪ Low‬ﻭ‪ B‬ﻓﻲ ‪ .٩‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٥‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴًﺎ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﻮﺍﺋﻲ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫‪ .Text‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻟﻠﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‪.‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﻋﺎﺩ ًﺓ ﺑﻬﺬﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ‪ ،‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺱ ﺳﻴﻌﻄﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪.Factors‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ Name‬ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﻷﺳﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻭﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻠﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ‪ .Options‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪،Base for random data generator‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﻟﺘﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﻮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺿﻤﺎﻥ ﺣﺼﻮﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‪ .High‬ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫‪ ،Type‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Store design in worksheet‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.Taguchi‬ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﻮﺍﺋﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺿﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪.‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺑـ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ،Factor A‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ OrderSystem‬ﻓﻲ ‪Name‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭ‪ New‬ﻓﻲ ‪ Low‬ﻭ‪ Current‬ﻓﻲ ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-٥‬‬ .

Modify Design‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻓﻘﻂ‪،‬‬ ‫‪DOE‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪Stat‬‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﺑﺈﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Window‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ‪ DOE.‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪ Meet Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ‪.‬ﻭﺗُﺴﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻘﻴﺎﺳﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻌﺪﻡ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺘﻚ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ‪ C3‬ﻭ‪ C4‬ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ .‬ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻙ ﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﻮﺩﺍ ‪ StdOrder‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ RunOrder‬ﻣﺘﻤﺎﺛﻠﻴﻦ‪.Worksheet 1‬‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ )‪ ،RunOrder (C2‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻴًﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﻭﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ .‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.MTW‬ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺢ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻟﻼﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﻴﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺟﻲ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ Display Design‬ﻟﻠﺘﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻲ ﻭﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺮﻣﻴﺰﻩ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪DOE Stat‬‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺖ ﺇﺯﺍﻟﺔ ﺗﺮﻣﻴﺰﻩ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﺸﺤﻨﻬﺎ‪ .١‬ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ‪ C5‬ﻭ‪ C6‬ﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺈﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ‪،Factors‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ OrderSystem‬ﻭ‪.‬ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﺣﺼﻠﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫‪١٤٫٠٦ ١٢٫٥٧ ١٣٫٨٩ ١٣٫٨٩ ٩٫٤١ ١٤٫٦٤ ١٣٫٧٨ ١٢٫٥٢ ٧٫٩٧ ١٣٫٨١ ٩٫٦٢ ١٤٫٧٢‬‬ ‫‪٥-٥‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Pack‬‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺳﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.

‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ ﺑﺘﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺝ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﻭﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺘﻤﻜﻴﻦ ‪Factorial menu DOE‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ‬ ‫‪ commands Analyze Factorial Design‬ﻭ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ Print Worksheet‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪ .Factorial Plots‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-٥‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻢ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﺸﺤﻨﻬﺎ‪.Hours‬‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺣﺼﻠﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﺤﺔ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ‪ Hours‬ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٥‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻻﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ C٧‬ﻭﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺠﺮﺩ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‪ .Analyze Factorial Design‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Responses‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.Print Grid Lines‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪File‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ‪.Hours‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻳُﺘﺎﺡ ﻟﻚ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Factorial DOE Stat‬‬ ‫‪.‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻞ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ‪.

Pack‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫‪Session‬‬ ‫)‪Estimated Effects and Coefficients for Hours (coded units‬‬ ‫‪Term‬‬ ‫‪Effect‬‬ ‫‪Coef SE Coef‬‬ ‫‪T‬‬ ‫‪P‬‬ ‫‪Constant‬‬ ‫‪12.‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺝ‪ ،‬ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ‪.097 1.573 0.OK‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.0337‬‬ ‫‪R-Sq = 93.000‬‬ ‫‪OrderSystem*Pack1.49 0.668069 PRESS = 8.20 0.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺧﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻟﺘﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺝ‪.000‬‬ ‫‪OrderSystem‬‬ ‫‪3.Pareto‬‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‪ .03 0.Session‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫‪Factorial Fit: Hours versus OrderSystem.Terms‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ‪ B: Pack ،A : OrderSystem‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ AB‬ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺍﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺑﻊ ‪Selected‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻭﺷﻜﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺘﻚ‪ً .1929 65.865 0.Graphs‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Effects Plots‬ﺣﺪﺩ ‪ Normal‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .Terms‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺩﻭﻣًﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ‪ Terms‬ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺝ‪ .01 0.46%‬‬ ‫‪٧-٥‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .1929 -6.‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻔﺎﻋﻼﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺇﺯﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻷﺳﻬﻢ‪.730 0.1929 8.000‬‬ ‫‪Pack‬‬ ‫‪-2.002‬‬ ‫‪S = 0.1929 4.160 0.79% R-Sq(pred) = 86.320 -1.02%‬‬ ‫‪R-Sq(adj) = 91.548 0.

9787‬‬ ‫‪8.7680‬‬ ‫‪28.7680‬‬ ‫‪28.‬ﻭﺗﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫)‪ OrderSystem (A‬ﻭ‬ ‫)‪ Pack (B‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪OrderSystem∗Pack‬‬ ‫)‪ (A∗B‬ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ‬ ‫)‪.12‬‬ ‫‪0.‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ )‪ (P‬ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺰﻯ‪ .54833‬‬ ‫‪Pack‬‬ ‫‪-1.9787‬‬ ‫‪8.‬ﻭﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،٠٫٠٥ = α‬ﺗﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ )‪ (OrderSystem‬ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ )‪ (Pack‬ﻭﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬ ‫‪ OrderSystem∗Pack‬ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪.16000‬‬ ‫‪OrderSystem*Pack0.12‬‬ ‫‪0.9787‬‬ ‫‪20.000‬‬ ‫‪OrderSystem‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬ ‫‪28.18‬‬ ‫‪0.4576‬‬ ‫‪50.5705‬‬ ‫‪3.46‬‬ ‫‪0.4463‬‬ ‫‪Pure Error‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪3.002‬‬ ‫‪OrderSystem*Pack 1‬‬ ‫‪8.000‬‬ ‫‪2-Way Interactions 1‬‬ ‫‪8.9787‬‬ ‫‪8.5705‬‬ ‫‪0.‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٥‬‬ ‫)‪Analysis of Variance for Hours (coded units‬‬ ‫‪Source‬‬ ‫‪DF‬‬ ‫‪Seq SS‬‬ ‫‪Adj SS‬‬ ‫‪Adj MS‬‬ ‫‪F‬‬ ‫‪P‬‬ ‫‪Main Effects‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪44.4645‬‬ ‫‪Estimated Coefficients for Hours using data in uncoded units‬‬ ‫‪Term‬‬ ‫‪Coef‬‬ ‫‪Constant‬‬ ‫‪12.9152‬‬ ‫‪44.1472‬‬ ‫‪16.32‬‬ ‫‪0.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻟﺠﻌﻞ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﻄﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫‪Effects Window‬‬ ‫‪.1472‬‬ ‫‪36.(٠٫٠٥ = α‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻟﺠﻌﻞ ﻣﺨﻄﻂ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺘﻮ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫‪.1472‬‬ ‫‪16.865000‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻔﺎﻋﻼ ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ‪ .002‬‬ ‫‪Residual Error‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪3.Plot for Hours‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﺑﺮﻣﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻊ‪ .5733‬‬ ‫‪OrderSystem‬‬ ‫‪1.5705‬‬ ‫‪3.4463‬‬ ‫‪Total‬‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫‪57.9152‬‬ ‫‪22.000‬‬ ‫‪Pack‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬ ‫‪16.9787‬‬ ‫‪8.9787‬‬ ‫‪20.Effects Pareto for Hours‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﻄﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Window‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٨-٥‬‬ .7680‬‬ ‫‪64.٠٫٠٥‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻭﻣﺨﻄﻂ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺘﻮ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺛﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻱ ‪ Hours‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪.5705‬‬ ‫‪0.

٠٫٠٥‬‬ ‫ﺇﻥ )‪ OrderSystem (A‬ﻭ‬ ‫)‪ Pack (B‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪OrderSystem∗Pack‬‬ ‫)‪ (A∗B‬ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ‬ ‫)‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺎﻭﻱ ‪.‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﻠﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺨﻄﻂ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺘﻮ‪.Available‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪ A:OrderSystem‬ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.٤‬‬ ‫‪٩-٥‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Selected‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪ ،Interaction Plot‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ‪ -‬ﻓﻲ ﺭﺳﻢ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺭﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ‪.Setup‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Responses‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.Selected‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺭ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍءﺍﺕ ﻟﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪ B:Pack‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.Hours‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺮﻏﺐ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻤﻬﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪A:OrderSystem‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ .Setup‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﻛﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺗﻴﻦ ‪ ٣‬ﻭ‪.Stat ➤ DOE ➤ Factorial ➤ Factorial Plots‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪ ،Main Effects Plot‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.(٠٫٠٥ = α‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ‪ Minitab‬ﺭﺳﻮﻣًﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﺻﻠﺖ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺤﺺ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪ A‬ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪ ،B‬ﻭﺗُﺴﻤﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Window ➤ Main Effects Plot for Hours‬ﻟﺠﻌﻞ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ً‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻄﺎ‪.‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٥‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ‪.A‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻼﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﺳﻴﻮﺿﺢ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ٍ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻄﻲ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﺋﺪ ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﺘُﺠﺮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﻠﻚ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺫﻭ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ﻟﻬﻤﺎ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺮﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻴﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻟﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺮﺑﻂ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪ A‬ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪ ،B‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺴﺘﻐﺮﻕ ً‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﺎ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪ B‬ﺗﺴﺘﻐﺮﻕ ً‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﺎ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٠-٥‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫)ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ( ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ‪.‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﺃﻱ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺫﻱ ﻣﻐﺰﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‪.

‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﺮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪ A‬ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻃﻮﻝ ﻟﻠﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ )ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻲ ‪١٤٫٥‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺤﺪﺍﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺔ(‪ .Save‬‬ ‫‪١١-٥‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Window‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﺳﻲ )ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻱ(‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ )ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﻓﻲ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻼﺕ ﻳﻌﺪ ً‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪B‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻐﺮﻗﺖ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ )ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻲ ‪ ٩‬ﺳﺎﻋﺎﺕ(‪ .‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫‪ Interaction Plot for Hours‬ﻟﺠﻌﻞ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ً‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻄﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺻﻲ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪ B‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‬ ‫‪ Western‬ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺷﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.My_DOE.A‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻷﻓﻘﻲ )ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻨﻲ( ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ )‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫)‪.‬ﻭﺣﻴﺚ ﺇﻥ ﻣﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺃﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‪.(Pack‬‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻹﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳُﺤﺪﺛﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ‪.Save Project As‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.(OrderSystem‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪.MPJ‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪.

‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٥‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺑﻤﻘﺪﻭﺭﻙ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻐﺮﻕ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ‪ ،B‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪ Execs‬ﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٢-٥‬‬ .

‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺃﻭ ‪.Command Line Editor‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺨﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ History‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪) .SORT‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻂ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺛﻮﺍﺑﺖ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺼﻔﻮﻓﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺳﻼﺳﻞ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻣًﺎ‪.‬ﻭﺗﺘﺄﻟﻒ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ‪ .‬ﻳﺠﺪ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻤﺠﺮﺩ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻴﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﺃﺳﺮﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‪. ‫‪٦‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٢-٦‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٣-٦‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،Command Line Editor‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٥-٦‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Exec‬ﻭﺗﺸﻐﻴﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٧-٦‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪١-٦‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺃﻭ ﻛﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‪ .History‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺨﻬﺎ ﻭﺣﻔﻈﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻳﻄﻠﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ‪ ،Exec‬ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻫﺎ ﻭﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪.Command Line Editor‬ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻚ ﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻭﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪(.‬ﻭﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺐ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻳﺴﻬﻞ ﺗﺬﻛﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫‪ PLOT‬ﺃﻭ ‪ CHART‬ﺃﻭ ‪ .

SessionCommands.‬‬ ‫‪ ،Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ Session Commands‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪.Open‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻄﻬﺎ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪.‬ﺑﻞ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪.Enable‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-٦‬‬ .References‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ .Enable Commands‬ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺠﺎﻧﺐ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ ،Meet Minitab‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Sample Data‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪ .Session‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،New File‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Minitab Project‬ﻭﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ .MTW‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Editor‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬ﻭﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.‬ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﻗﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪ ٤‬ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ .‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٦‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﻓﺮﺕ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ .Submitting Commands Session Window Options Tools‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Command Language‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.OK‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺒﺪء ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪.Open Worksheet‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Look in Minitab Sample Data‬ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ .

‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻠﺔ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ ،Western‬ﻛﻨﺖ ﻗﺪ ﺧﻄﻄﺖ ﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺘﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﺔ‪ .‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪.‬ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺖ ‪Quality Tools Stat‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ ،Session‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ >‪ ،MTB‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‪:‬‬ ‫‪CAPABILITY ‘Days’ ‘Date‬؛‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.[Enter‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺸﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺻﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻘﻮﻃﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻧﻚ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻓﺮﻋﻲ‪.‬ﻭﺗﻤﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺑًﺎ ﺳﻬﻼ ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫‪٣-٦‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Session‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫‪Session‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻙ ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻓﺼﻞ ‪ ،٤‬ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ )ﻣﺪﺓ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ(‪ .Normal Capability Analysis‬ﺛﻢ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺈﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﻗﻴﻢ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﻲ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻴﻦ‪.‬ﻭﺑﻬﺬﺍ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻄﻂ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻞء ﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪ .

‬‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻌﺮﺽ ‪ Minitab‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ‪.Session Command Help‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-٦‬‬ .‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺭﻣﺰ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ،Help Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪ Session Commands‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ .References‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Notation for session commands‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺒﻮﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ Help‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻷﺣﺮﻑ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‪ .TARGET 3.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ >‪ ،SUBC‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‪:‬‬ ‫‪USPEC 6‬؛‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.[Enter‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ >‪ ،SUBC‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.33‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٦‬‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻆ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ >‪ MTB‬ﻗﺪ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ >‪ ،SUBC‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻚ ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪.[Enter‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎء ﺗﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‪.

‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ’‪CAPABILITY ‘Days’ ‘Date‬؛ ﺛﻢ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪ [Shift‬ﻭﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Project Manager‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Window‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪.History‬ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ History‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ Command Line Editor‬ﻹﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ‪.33‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫‪٥-٦‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫‪.Command Line Editor‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺘﻮﻙ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ .TARGET 3.Project Manager‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺑﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ History‬ﻭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪Edit‬‬ ‫‪.Minitab‬ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻐﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻋﻤﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺃﻡ ﻻ‪.History‬‬ ‫‪History‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‬ ‫‪History‬‬ ‫‪session‬‬ ‫‪commands‬‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﺠﺰء ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻣﻦ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺅﻫﺎ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺃﻱ ﺟﺰء ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،History‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪Command‬‬ ‫‪ Line Editor‬ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻔﺘﺤﻪ‪.‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻤﻌﻈﻢ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺨﺰﻧﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫‪ History‬ﻓﻲ ‪.

Clipboard‬‬ ‫‪Editor‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪ ،Duplicate Graph‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﻴﺪ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻭﻳﺨﺰﻥ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪.History‬‬ ‫‪Editor‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ‪ Copy Command Language‬ﻭ‪ ،Duplicate Graph‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Editor‬ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮ ﺍﻹﺩﺧﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻱ ﻓﻲ ‪ Graph window‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.Editor‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Minitab‬ﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Execs‬ﺛﻢ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪Exec‬‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Exec‬ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﺼﻲ ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ‪ .‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﻀﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ،Copy Command Language‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻨﺴﺦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-٦‬‬ .‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪Exec‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٦‬‬ ‫‪Command Line‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Edit‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ‪ Minitab‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﺖ‪ .Submit Commands‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺈﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻀﻊ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ‪.

Exec‬‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.Select File‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺣﺪﺩ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ ،ShippingGraphs.MTB‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.33‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺪﺩ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Exec‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Exec‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻠﻒ ‪Exec‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ‪.Save‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺑﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪History‬‬ ‫‪.ShippingGraphs‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Save as type‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ )‪ .Exec Files (*.MTB‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.TARGET 3.Open‬‬ ‫‪٧-٦‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Run an Exec‬‬ ‫‪Other Files‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.History‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ’‪CAPABILITY ‘Days’ ‘Date‬؛ ﺛﻢ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫]‪ [Shift‬ﻭﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Save As‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪Exec‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻤُﺨﺰﻧﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ History‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Command Line Editor‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Exec‬ﻭﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ‪.Project Manager‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Window‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ،Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪ Exec‬ﻭﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﻌﻘﻴ ًﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬ ‫‪ Macros‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪.References‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻛﻤﻠﻒ ‪ .

‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٦‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻹﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Exec‬ﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ‪.My_SessionCommands.‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Exec‬ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻊ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Exec‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻣﺤﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﻣﺜﻞ ‪.MPJ‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٨-٦‬‬ .‬ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‬ ‫‪ Western‬ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Exec‬ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Central‬ﻭ‪ Eastern‬ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻤﻜﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Exec‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻳﺔ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ )ﻃﺎﻟﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻣﺘﻄﺎﺑﻘﺔ(‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪.Save‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﺖ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻛﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻭﻛﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻹﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻣﻼﺋﻚ‪.Notepad‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪.Save Project As‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.

‬‬ ‫‪١-٧‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻧﺴﺦ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻣﻦ ‪ ReportPad‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻦ ‪ Embedded Graph Editor‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺅﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﻨﺴﺨﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Microsoft Word‬ﺃﻭ ‪ PowerPoint‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪ Session‬ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Word‬ﺃﻭ ‪PowerPoint‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﻬﺪﻑ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻣﻼﺋﻚ‪. ‫‪٧‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ،ReportPad‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٢-٧‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ،ReportPad‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٣-٧‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،ReportPad‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٥-٧‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٦-٧‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺦ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ‪ ReportPad‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٧-٧‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻦ ‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺁﺧﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٧-٧‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ ،Microsoft PowerPoint‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪١٠-٧‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﻫﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ReportPad‬ﻓﻲ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺣﺼﻠﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﺧﻼﻝ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.

ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،New File‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .Append to Report‬ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻧﺴﺦ ﻧﺼﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻭﻟﺼﻘﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫‪.Open‬‬ ‫‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎﺋﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.OK‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺒﺪء ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪.Minitab Project‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ .Open Project‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،Reports.MPJ‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Histogram of Days‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Window‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-٧‬‬ .‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٧‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ ‪ ،Meet Minitab‬ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻭﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻣﻊ ﺯﻣﻼﺋﻚ‪ .HTML (Web‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻓﻲ ‪ ReportPad‬ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﺃﺣﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺗﺠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺻﺎﻟﺤﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﺸﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ ، Session‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪ .C:\Program Files\Minitab\Minitab 16\’English\Sample Data\Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫)ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺘﻚ ﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺑﺨﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ‪(.‬ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ‬ ‫‪ Project Manager‬ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺴﻤﻰ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳُﻌﺪ ‪ ReportPad‬ﺑﻤﺜﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﺤﺮﺭ ﻧﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ )ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ (Notepad‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻔﻆ ﺑﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ )‪ RTF (rich text‬ﺃﻭ )‪ .

Project Manager‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Window‬‬ ‫‪ ٨‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ .ReportPad‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪ ،٣‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻗﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‪ .Session‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Window‬‬ ‫‪٣-٧‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Append Graph to Report‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫‪.ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ .‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ReportPad‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪Session‬‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ReportPad‬‬ ‫‪.ReportPad‬ﺗﻤﺖ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.

Results for Center = Central‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪Append‬‬ ‫‪،Section to Report‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻢ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Central‬ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-٧‬‬ .ReportPad‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻟﺮﺅﻳﺔ ﺟﺰء ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮﻙ‪.Append Section to Report‬ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻘﻄﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺈﻟﺤﺎﻗﻪ ﻣﺤﺪ ًﺩﺍ ﺑﻌﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ )ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﻮﺏ ﺑﺨﻂ ﻋﺮﻳﺾ(‪.Results for Center = Western‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﺒﻴﺮ‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،Project Manager Window‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ .ReportPad‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻛﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﺤﺔ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪Results for Center = Eastern‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪.‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٧‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ ،Session‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑـ ‪ .

Regular‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Size‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .Session‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪.time by center‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Session‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Maroon‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.[Enter‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ‪ ،Report on Shipping Data‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.Font‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Font‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .Arial‬ﻣﻦ ‪،Font style‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .Data‬ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.Append Selected Lines to Report‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﻭﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻗﺼﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.(Minitab Project Report‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪Report on Shipping‬‬ ‫‪ReportPad‬‬ ‫‪ .‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﻃﻊ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،ReportPad‬ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪.Histogram of delivery time by center‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ‪Histogram of delivery‬‬ ‫‪ .11‬ﻣﻦ‬ ‫‪ ،Color‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ )‪ .OK‬‬ ‫‪٥-٧‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .

‬‬ ‫ﺗﻈﻞ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﻟﺤﺎﻗﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ RTF‬ﻹﺭﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴًﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯﻣﻼﺋﻚ ﺃﻭ ﻓﺘﺤﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻓﻲ ‪،Project Manager‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ ‪RTF‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫‪.(∗.Save Report As‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.Save‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺦ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺷﺮﺡ ﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﻭﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺟﻨﺒًﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺟﻨﺐ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،ReportPad‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪) ReportPad‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻭﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ( ﺳﻮﺍ ًء‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ )‪ Rich Text Format (RTF‬ﺃﻭ )‪ Web Page (HTML‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﺴﻨﻰ ﻟﻚ ﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪.‬ﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺭﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.RTF‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﺃﺩﺍﺗﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ReportPad‬ﻫﻤﺎ ‪ Move to Word Processor‬ﻭ‪Copy to Word‬‬ ‫‪ Processor‬ﻳﺘﻴﺤﺎﻥ ﻟﻚ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ‪ ReportPad‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺦ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﺼﻖ‪:‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-٧‬‬ .‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﺑﺈﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﻨﺴﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﻗﺘﻤﺎ ﺗﺸﺎء ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ‬ ‫‪ ReportPad‬ﻛﺠﺰء ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‪.ShippingReport‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Save as type‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫‪Rich Text Format‬‬ ‫)‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫‪.‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٧‬‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﻂ ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﺻﻠﺖ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‪ .

ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺦ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪٧-٧‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ ‪ Move to Word Processor‬ﺑﻨﻘﻞ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ‪ ReportPad‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﺣﺬﻑ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ‪.Send Graph to Microsoft Word‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Project Manager‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪.RTF‬ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺡ‪.ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ ‪ Copy to Word Processor‬ﺑﻨﻘﻞ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ‪ ReportPad‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻴﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻓﻲ ‪.Shipping Report‬ﻻ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﻈﺮًﺍ ﻷﻥ ‪Rich Text‬‬ ‫)‪ Format (∗.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺧﻠﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﺇﺿﻔﺎء ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺼﺮﻱ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪Embedded Graph‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺭﺳﻢ‬ ‫‪ Editor‬ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻭﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻢ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Save‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﻭﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ ‪ RTF‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﻤﺖ ﻟﻠﺘﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﻔﻈﻪ‪.ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Microsoft Word‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪Session‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪ Send Section To Microsoft Word‬ﺃﻭ ‪.Copy to Word Processor‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ‪ Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﻨﺴﺦ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺳﻮﺍء ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻠﺼﻖ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫‪ ،Copy to Word Processor‬ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Embedded Graph Editor‬ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪.

None‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮﻩ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻨﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٨-٧‬‬ .‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٧‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ‪ .‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Fill Pattern‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Custom‬‬ ‫‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻟﻠﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Type‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Borders and Fill Lines‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬ﻻﺣﻆ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺗﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‪.Custom‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Type‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ .OK‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻹﻧﻬﺎء ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‪.

Save‬‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪Microsoft PowerPoint‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪Session‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Microsoft Word‬ﺃﻭ ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪.PowerPoint‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻭﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.Save Project As‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.PowerPoint‬‬ ‫‪٩-٧‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪Microsoft PowerPoint‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺤﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪ Embedded Graph Editor‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪Embedded graph editor‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.MPJ‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.My_Reports.

‫ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻊ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﺤﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬PowerPoint ‫ ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﻠﻒ‬.Results for Center = Central ‫ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑـ‬،Session ‫ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬٤ .PowerPoint PowerPoint .Microsoft PowerPoint ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ٧ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ .Send Section to Microsoft PowerPoint ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ Results for Center =‫ ﻭ‬Results for Center = Eastern ‫ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ‬٤ ‫ ﻛﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺓ‬٥ .Session Window ‫ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬،Minitab ‫ ﻓﻲ‬٣ ‫ ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ‬.Histogram of Days Window ‫ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬١ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ Send Graph to Microsoft ‫ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬٢ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ .Western Meet Minitab ١٠-٧ .

Session‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Send Selected Lines to Microsoft Word‬ﺃﻭ ‪Send Selected Lines to Microsoft‬‬ ‫‪.Minitab‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﺑﻬﺪﻑ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﺒﺴﻴﻂ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫‪١١-٧‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Session‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪.‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ ‪ Microsoft PowerPoint‬ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻊ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻛﻞ ﺟﺰء ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﻳﺤﺔ ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﻃﻊ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Word‬ﺃﻭ ‪ ،PowerPoint‬ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪.PowerPoint‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﺈﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Word‬ﺃﻭ ‪ ،PowerPoint‬ﻟﻦ ﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﺤﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪ Embedded Graph Editor‬ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪.Minitab‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺪﻣﺞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻭﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ‪ .‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ ‪ PowerPoint‬ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﻁ ﻭﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻧﺼﻮﺹ‪.

‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٢-٧‬‬ .

‫‪٨‬‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٢-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪ Excel‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٣-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﺼﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٥-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﻝ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٦-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺪﻳﺲ ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٦-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻣﻴﺰ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٨-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٨-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﺗﺴﻤﻴﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٩-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٩-٨‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻛﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻗﺪ ﺳﺒﻖ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻝ ﻓﻲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ .Meet Minitab‬ﻏﻴﺮ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﻥ ﻳﺘﻮﺟﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﺪء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺗﻢ ﺣﻔﻈﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍﺕ ‪Microsoft Excel‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪١-٨‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .

Open‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻏﻴﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺻﻞ ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺑﻄﺮﻕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ — Eastern‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ — Central‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪Microsoft Excel‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ — Western‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﺼﻲ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‪ ،‬ﻻﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪.‬ﻭﺗﻀﻢ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺋﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺪﻳﺲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ﻭﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻗﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.OK‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺒﺪء ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪.MTW‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫‪.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٨‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮ ًﺓ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﺼﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪ Excel‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ ﻭﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺪﺃ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Eastern‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ‪Eastern.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ MTW‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‪ .MTW‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،New File‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Minitab Project‬ﻭﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ .MTW‬ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪ ٢‬ﻭ‪ ٣‬ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪.Open Worksheet‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Look in Minitab Sample Data‬ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ ،Meet Minitab‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Eastern.‬ﻟﺮﺅﻳﺔ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ Files of type‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫‪.Open Worksheet‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-٨‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ ،Meet Minitab‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ‪ShippingData.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ‬ ‫‪ ShippingData.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Sample Data folder‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪ .

xls.‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Central‬ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪.XLS‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪. *.(*.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Open File‬‬ ‫‪.Open‬‬ ‫ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪ Merge‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Excel‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ‪ .Minitab Help‬‬ ‫‪٣-٨‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Excel‬‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻀﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ Central‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ ،Eastern‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺪﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ ‪Excel‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺰﻧﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪ Excel‬ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪.Worksheet‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Files of type‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Excel‬‬ ‫)‪.‬ﻭﻳﻀﻊ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻳﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ‪ .C8–C5‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪ ،Merge‬ﻓﺴﻴﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ‪.Central.xlsx‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭ ‪ ،Merge‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Merge worksheets‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺃﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻣﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ً Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Merge Worksheets‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻟﺪﻣﺞ ﻭﺭﻗﺘﻲ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺘﻴﻦ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‪.Merge‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.

Merge‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Open‬‬ ‫ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪ Merge‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺪﻳﺲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-٨‬‬ .File ➤ Open Worksheet‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Files of type‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ )‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻫﺰﺍ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒًﺎ ﻟﺒﺪء ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﻌﺪﻣﺎ ﻭﺿﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪ .Open Worksheet‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻴﺮﺍ‪ .‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ً‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﺮﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺔ ً‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Text files‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.WordPad‬ﻟﻀﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻃﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ Western‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ ‪ Eastern‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﺼﻲ‬ ‫‪ ،Central‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺪﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺰﻧﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻲ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪.Western.‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٨‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Western‬ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﺼﻲ ﻋﺎﺩﻱ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻓﺘﺤﻪ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ‪Notepad‬‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ‪ .TXT‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Text (*.txt‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.C12–C9‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪ ،Merge‬ﻓﺴﻴﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺃﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻣﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﺼﻲ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺳﺘﺄﺧﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪ Preview‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ‪.‬ﻟﺬﺍ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻀﻊ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻳﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪ .

Project Manager‬ﻭﺳﻴﻘﻮﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﻠﺨﺺ ﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺰﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﺭ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ‪ Columns‬ﻓﻲ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ .[Ctrl]+[Alt]+[I‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺰﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ‪ Columns‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ ،Western‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ C10‬ﻫﻮ ‪ ١٠٤‬ﺑﺨﻼﻑ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ‪.‬ﻓﻼﺣﻆ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ‪(C4–C1) Eastern‬‬ ‫ﻫﻲ ‪ ١٠٩‬ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ‪ (C8–C5) Central‬ﻫﻲ ‪ ١٠٥‬ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ‪ .١٠٥‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺪ ًﺩﺍ ﻟﻠﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‪.‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﻟﻸﻋﻤﺪﺓ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Data menu‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.Help‬‬ ‫‪٥-٨‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬ﻭﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻣﺘﺴﺎﻭﻳًﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪ Project Manager‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪. Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪ .Worksheets‬ﻭﻳﻔﻴﺪ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﺨﺺ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﺴﺎﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻴﻢ ﻣﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪ ،Project Manager‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Project Manager Toolbar‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫‪.

‬ﻭﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﻌﺪﻡ ﺗﻜﺪﻳﺲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻄﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫‪.‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻧﺴﺨﻬﺎ ﻭﻟﺼﻘﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Data‬ﻹﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻛﺘﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳﻠﺰﻣﻚ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻣُﻜﺪﺳﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-٨‬‬ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﺧﻴﺮ ﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻲ ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﺧﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﺧﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﻳﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﺧﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﻖ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻯ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪.‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺘﻀﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺗﻜﺪﻳﺲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻊ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‪ .OK‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ‪ ١٠٥‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ ،C10‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ﻧﺠﻤﺔ )∗(‪ .‬ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٨‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ C10‬ﻟﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ‪ .Go To… Editor‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪،Enter column number or name‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.[Enter‬‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺗﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺪﻳﺲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺤﻦ‪ .C10‬‬ ‫ﻳﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﺘﺐ ﺭﻣﺰ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﺧﻴﺮ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‪.١٠٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪.‬ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ٍ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻨﺴﺦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﺼﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪ Excel‬ﻭﻟﺼﻘﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺘﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﺧﻼﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﻗﻴﻢ ﻣﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺄﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴًﺎ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻧﺠﻤﺔ )∗(‪ .C10‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Enter row number‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ .‬ﻻﺣﻆ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﻜﺪﺳﺔ‪.

‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫‪Blocks of‬‬ ‫‪Stack‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Data‬‬ ‫‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻤﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻤﺜﻞ ‪Order‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫)ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ (Eastern‬ﻭ‪) Order_1‬ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ (Central‬ﻭ‪) Order_2‬ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ‪ (Western‬ﻣﺴﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺭﻣﻮﺯﺍ ﺳﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﺒﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﺭﺩﺕ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.Use variable names in subscript column‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.New worksheet‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻛﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺓ ‪ ٢‬ﻣﻊ ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ ‪ order‬ﻭ‪arrival‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪ status‬ﻭ‪ distance‬ﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻱ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‬ ‫‪ Central‬ﻭ‪.Columns‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ‪ Order‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪ Arrival‬ﻭ‪ Status‬ﻭ‪ .Western‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Store stacked data in‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫‪ .columns on top of each other‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ‪Subscripts‬‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪٧-٨‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .My_ShippingData‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪.Distance‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪ Select‬ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ‪Stack two or more blocks of‬‬ ‫‪.

Central‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Original values‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٨-٨‬‬ .C1‬ﻻﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻰ ‪ ،Subscripts‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ ،Center‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫]‪.‬ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Calculator‬ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻟﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ‪ .Status‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ‪ ،C5‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.Distance‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪ .Western‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤُﻜﺪﺳﺔ‪.Order‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ‪ ،C3‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.Subscripts‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪Store coded data in‬‬ ‫‪ ،columns‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ .Eastern‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪،Original values‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ .‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٨‬‬ ‫ﻻ ﺗﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ‪ Subscripts‬ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺟﺎءﺕ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪.Order‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪،New‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.Order_1‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫‪ ،New‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.Text to Text‬‬ ‫‪Code‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Data‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪،Code data from columns‬‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.‬ﻟﺬﺍ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺮﻣﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻣﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺄﺳﻤﺎء ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺩﻻﻟﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻴﻦ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻣﺴﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ subscripts‬ﻫﻲ ‪ Eastern‬ﻭ‪ Central‬ﻭ‪.Subscripts‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪،Original values‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ .Arrival‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ‪ ،C4‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.Western‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﺴﻴﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻮﺑﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ‪.Order_2‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،New‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫‪.[Enter‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﻤﺎء‪:‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ‪ ،C2‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.

Calculator‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Calc‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Store result in variable‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ‬ ‫‪.Days between Arrival and Status‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ C4‬ﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻄﻬﺎ‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫‪Assign Formula To‬‬ ‫‪Formulas‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪Editor‬‬ ‫‪.‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‪ .Column‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﺜﻞ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪ .Assign as a formula‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡ‪.Days‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Expression‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.C4‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪ ،Days‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.Insert Columns‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺐ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪٩-٨‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ﻭﺗﺴﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﺝ ﻋﻤﻮ ًﺩﺍ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ‪.Days‬‬ ‫‪.Arrival – Order‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪.Minitab Help‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ ‪ Calculator‬ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Calculator‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.[Enter‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ ‪ Calculator‬ﻟﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪ Calculator‬ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻮﺩ ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻮﺑﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ Days‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﻷﺣﺪ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻣﺆﺷﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻨﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Formulas‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪ .

‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ ﻣﺆﺷﺮﻙ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺆﺷﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻟﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻤُﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻮﺩ‪ .٢٠٠٩/٧/٣‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ‪ ١٢٧‬ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ Arrival‬ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﻄﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﻭﻟﻢ ﻳﺘﻢ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ‪ Calculate All Formulas Automatically‬ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ً‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫‪ Automatically‬ﻹﻟﻐﺎء ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﺆﺷﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺃﺻﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﻬﺬﺍ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪ Calculate All Formulas Now Formulas Editor‬ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‪ .‬ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺳﻴﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺷﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍ‪-‬ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺆﺷﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ‪.٢٠٠٩/٧/٣‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.٣٫٩٨١٢٥‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺪﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Calculate All Formulas Formulas Editor‬‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺴﻮﺑﺔ ﻳﺪﻭﻳًﺎ‪ً .‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺽ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻨﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ‪ Central‬ﻏﻴﺮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‪ .Days‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ‪ ١٢٧‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ٢٠٠٩/٦/٣‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.Editor‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٠-٨‬‬ .[Enter‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪ Days‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ٢٫٩٨١٢٥‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ‪ ٢٠٠٩/٦/٣‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٨‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺨﺒﺮﻙ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺷﺮ ﺑﻤﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﺋﺪ ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺮﺍء ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺜﻬﺎ‪.

‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫‪.My_ShippingData‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Save as type‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫‪.‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪.Worksheet As‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.Save‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺿﻢ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺗﻢ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Save Current File‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪١١-٨‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Minitab‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬ﻭﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﻺﺳﺮﺍﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪.

‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٨‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٢-٨‬‬ .

‬‬ ‫‪ Options‬ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ )ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﺍﻛﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻲ ﻭﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻭﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ(‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪Session‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪ Customize‬ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻋﺮﺽ ‪ Minitab‬ﻷﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺭﻣﻮﺯ ﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪Options Tools‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﻤﻠﺖ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺷﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﺃﻋﺪﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ Customize Tools‬ﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪ Minitab‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺑﺴﺮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ‪. ‫‪٩‬‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٢-٩‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٣-٩‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺺ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤-٩‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٥-٩‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،Manage Profiles‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٧-٩‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻮﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪١-٩‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .

‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﻧﻬﺎء ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺳﺘﻌﻮﺩ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪.efficiency‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.٦-٩‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻷﻧﻚ ﺳﺘﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺃﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ .OK‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻇﻞ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺗﻨﺸﺊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺭﺳﻤًﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴًﺎ‪.Options‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻈﻞ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﻄﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪.Open Worksheet‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Look in Minitab Sample Data‬ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫‪ .Open‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫‪Options‬‬ ‫‪Graphics‬‬ ‫‪Annotation‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-٩‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ ،Meet Minitab‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ،Sample Data‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪ ،ShippingData.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،New File‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Minitab Project‬ﻭﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ .MTW‬ﻭﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻷﻧﻚ ﺗﺨﻄﻂ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻏﻀﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻀﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ‪.OK‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺒﺪء ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪.My Footnote‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪Information‬‬ ‫‪to include in my‬‬ ‫‪ ،footnote‬ﺣﺪﺩ‬ ‫‪Worksheet name‬‬ ‫‪and Date the graph‬‬ ‫‪.‬ﻭﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﺗﻘﺮﺭ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺳﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﺗﻀﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻭﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫‪.‫ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٩‬‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ .was last modified‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Custom text‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫‪Shipping center‬‬ ‫‪ .

Customize Tools‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪ Customize‬ﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﻭﺃﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍ‪.‬‬ ‫‪٣-٩‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬ﻭﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺟﻤﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺺ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺃﺑﺴﻂ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪.Days‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ )‪ ،Categorical variables for grouping (0-3‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻮﺣﺔ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﻟﻸﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ ً‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﻌﻮﺩ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‪ .OK‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺳﻔﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻌﻴﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫‪.‫ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺮﻯ ً‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎﻻ ﻟﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ‪.Histogram‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Graph‬‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺷﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،With Fit and Groups‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Center‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺺ ﻳﻀﻢ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪.OK‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Graph variables‬ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ‪.

‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٩‬‬ ‫‪.‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﺃﻣﺮ ‪Graph‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪ ،Scatterplot Histogram and Graph‬ﻭﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ٍ‬ ‫‪ Shipping Data‬ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪ ،Toolbars‬ﻭﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻝ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺃﺷﺮﻃﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻢ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺿﻒ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﻲ‪ .Customize‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪.Data‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Customize‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-٩‬‬ .New‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Toolbar Name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪Shipping‬‬ ‫‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﻲ ﻭﺍﺳﺤﺒﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ‪.Toolbars‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.

Commands‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻭﺍﺳﺤﺐ ‪ Histogram‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ‪.Close‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﻱ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺺ ﻳﻀﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍ‪ .‫ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻷﻧﻚ ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪٥-٩‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .Commands‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Categories‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫‪.Keyboard‬‬ ‫‪Customize‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﺸﺊ ﻣﻀﻠﻌًﺎ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻳًﺎ ﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻟﻠﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺷﺎﺋﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ )]‪([Ctrl]+[C‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﺼﻖ )]‪ ([Ctrl]+[V‬ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻔﻆ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ )]‪ .Graph‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Commands‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.([Ctrl]+[S‬ﻭﺗُﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺳﺮﻳﻌًﺎ ﻭﺗﺠﻨﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Histogram‬‬ ‫‪Scatterplot‬‬ ‫‪ ٨‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Scatterplot‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻭﺍﺳﺤﺐ ‪ Scatterplot‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ‪.‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻮﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺴﺮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻮﺣﺔ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Commands‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ،Customize‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Customize‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪.Histogram‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ Categories‬ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺗﻀﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻢ ‪ .Minitab‬ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﺪﺩ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺗﻀﻢ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫‪.

Histogram‬‬ ‫‪ ٥‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻨﺸﻴﻂ ﻣﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻭﺇﻟﻐﺎء ﺗﻨﺸﻴﻄﻪ )ﻭﺇﺯﺍﻟﺔ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ( ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺗﺼﺪﻳﺮ ﻣﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻭﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻪ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪ .Assign‬ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪.Commands‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ ،Commands‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-٩‬‬ .[Unassigned‬ﻭﺗﺘﻢ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺍﻹﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪ ٧‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ .[Ctrl]+[Shift]+[H‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ‪،Press New Shortcut Key‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻧﺺ ‪ Assigned to‬ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺪﺩﺓ‪ .Minitab‬ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﺪﺩ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ‪ ،‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺗﻀﻢ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﺗﺤﺖ‬ ‫‪.‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ]‪ .Current Keys‬‬ ‫‪ ٨‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﺇﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،Customize Options and Tools Tools‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‪.Keyboard‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Category‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Press New Shortcut Key‬‬ ‫‪ ٦‬ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.‫ﺇﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٩‬‬ ‫‪.Customize‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪.[Ctrl]+[Shift]+[H‬‬ ‫‪ Keyboard Map‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Shortcut keys‬ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.‬ﻭﻳﺠﺐ ﺇﺯﺍﻟﺔ ﺃﻳﺔ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻌﺎﺭﺽ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻙ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻷﻣﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪.Close‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.Manage Profiles‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ‪.Graph‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﺮ ‪ Category‬ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺗﻀﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻢ‬ ‫‪ .

MPJ‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﺸﻴﻂ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ ،Meet Minitab‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﻨﻘﻞ ﻣﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ،Available profiles‬ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ‪ ShippingCenterAnalysis‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪،Active profiles‬‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬ﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻟﻐﺎء ﺗﻨﺸﻴﻂ ﻣﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻭﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻪ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻤﺖ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ‪ .‫ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻠﻬﺎ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ‪ Meet Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﻂ‪ .Available profiles‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ MyProfile‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Available profiles‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫‪.Save Project As‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪File‬‬ ‫‪ ٢‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺼﺪﻳﺮ ﺃﻳﺔ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻔﺎﻅ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ٣‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،File name‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ‪.ShippingCenterAnalysis‬‬ ‫‪ ٤‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪.‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻠﻒ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻧﺸﻂ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪.My_Customize.StatGuide‬‬ ‫‪٧-٩‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺟﺎ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﺳﻢ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ً‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫‪ Restore Minitab Defaults English‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ English‬ﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ‪ Minitab 16‬ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺒﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺐ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Manage Profiles‬ﻓﻲ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.Manage Profiles‬‬ ‫‪ ١‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Tools‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ MyProfile‬ﻣﻦ ‪ Active profiles‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪.Save‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﻛﺘﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻔﻌﻞ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ؟ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻟﻸﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Minitab Help‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ‪.Minitab Help‬‬ ‫‪.

‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪٩‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٨-٩‬‬ .

‫‪١٠‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٢-١٠‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،Minitab Help‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٦-١٠‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،Minitab StatGuide‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٨-١٠‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،Session Command Help‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪١٠-١٠‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻢ ﺗﺠﺪ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻷﺳﺌﻠﺘﻚ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﻔﺖ ﺃﻧﻚ ﺑﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪ Help‬ﻭ‪ StatGuide‬ﻭ‪ Session Command Help‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ً‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻗﺎ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻟﻸﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﺴﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻌًﺎ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺮﻭﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺮﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﻥ ﻟﻚ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎ ًء ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺇﺟﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١-١٠‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .

‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻀﻢ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪ [F1‬ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ Help‬ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١٠‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻛﺰ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ Meet Minitab‬ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺷﺎﺋﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪ .StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫‪.Glossary‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬ ‫ﻳﻐﻄﻲ ﻣﺴﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎء ﻓﻲ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-١٠‬‬ .StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪.Help‬‬ ‫‪Help‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪Session‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ﻳﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫‪Help‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪.‬ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻃﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﻭﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪.Help‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ‪ Help‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.٦-١٠‬‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،Help Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﻓﻲ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫‪Using‬‬ ‫‪ Using Help‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪.[Shift]+[F1‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪Minitab‬‬ ‫‪.StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪Session‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪Project‬‬ ‫‪ ،Manager‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺱ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫‪Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﻟﺪﻳﻚ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻀﻢ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻬﻞ ﻓﻬﻤﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﺑﺨﻄﻮﺓ‪.‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﻭﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪.٨-١٠‬‬ ‫‪.Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ‪.Basics‬‬ ‫‪.

References‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪Command‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ > ‪ MTB‬ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ ،Session‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻭﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‪.com‬‬ ‫‪٣-١٠‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .com‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪What’s‬‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ ‪.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،Help Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪Session‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫‪Session‬‬ ‫‪ Commands‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪.com‬‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫‪ReadMe‬‬ ‫‪ ،Mintab‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻃﺮﺃﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ‪.References‬‬ ‫‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻤُﺨﺰﻧﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ‪.www.Minitab 16‬‬ ‫‪New‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻀﻞ ﺑﺰﻳﺎﺭﺓ ‪.www.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻀﻞ ﺑﺰﻳﺎﺭﺓ ‪.minitab.‬‬ ‫‪Help‬‬ ‫‪.doc_comments@minitab.minitab.١٠-١٠‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،Help Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪Macros‬‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻢ ﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ ﻭﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺟﺎء ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ‪ Minitab‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪.HELP‬‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ > ‪ MTB‬ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫‪ Session، HELP‬ﻣﺘﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ‪Session‬‬ ‫‪ Command Help‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪.

Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Help ➤ Help‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻻﻧﻄﻼﻕ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﻋﻢ ﻣﻔﺼﻠﺔ‪ .[F1‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺳﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺴﻬﻞ ﺍﻻﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ —Basics‬ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Help‬ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺱ ﻟﺒﺪء ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﻭﺻﻒ ﻟﻨﻮﺍﻓﺬ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪Minitab‬‬ ‫‪ —References‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﻟﻸﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﻣﺴﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺻﻔﺎ‬ ‫‪ —Service and Support‬ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﺠﻴﻞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻲ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-١٠‬‬ .‬ﻭﺗُﻨﻈﻢ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ‪ً Help‬‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻬﻴﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﻓﻲ ‪.‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١٠‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﺗﻢ ﺗﻠﺨﻴﺺ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ‪ Minitab‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ‪ -‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪.

‬‬ ‫‪ ،Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ Using Help‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺋﻖ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ‪Help‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‪.Basics‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪ ،Minitab Help‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪Help‬‬ ‫‪٥-١٠‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .

Help‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-١٠‬‬ .‬‬ ‫■ ‪—Index‬ﺍﺑﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻠﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﺮ ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ‪ Help‬ﻓﻲ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺗﺘﺄﻟﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺟﺰﺍء‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪-‬ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﻹﺧﻔﺎء ﻭﺇﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺟﺰء ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﻭﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪Help‬‬ ‫ﺟﺰء ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ‪-‬ﻭﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﺒﻮﻳﺐ ﻻﺳﺘﻌﺮﺍﺽ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻬﺮﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺰء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪-‬ﻭﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺪﺩ ﻓﻲ ‪Help‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺰء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺟﺰء ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫■ ‪—Contents‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫■ ‪—Search‬ﺍﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ‪.‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻜﺸﺎﻑ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺗﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ‪ Help‬ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪ ،Exec‬ﻭﻣﺪﺧﻼﺕ ﻭﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ‪ ،Minintab‬ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ‪ Help‬ﺇﺭﺷﺎ ًﺩﺍ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻮﺛﻮﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺎء ﻭﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ‪.‫‪Help‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١٠‬‬ ‫‪Help‬‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻬﻼ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻀﻢ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﻭﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‬‫ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻼ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪﺭﺍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪ ‪Minitab Help‬‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﻭﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ‪ .

‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ Overview‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻀﻢ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫‪ How to‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺇﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻼ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫‪ Example‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪ Data‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫‪ See also‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺡ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪٧-١٠‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .[F1‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻘﺘﺮﺡ ‪ً Help‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻗﺎ ﻹﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻡ ﻟﻠﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺻﻠﺔ ﻭﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ‪.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪Help‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﻓﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫‪ Help‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪ .

StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ‪ StatGuide‬ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪ .[Shift]+[F1‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Project Manager‬ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺃﻭ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬‫ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻢ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ‪ StatGuide‬ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺜﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻒ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﺰﺓ ﻟﻠﻘﺪﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺼﺪﺭ ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺍ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺃﻣﺮ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺭﺍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪ StatGuide‬ﻭﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮﻩ‪ .StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺃﻭ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.‬ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ‪StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪.‬ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺧﻼﻑ ‪ Help‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺇﺭﺷﺎ ًﺩﺍ ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ‪ StatGuide‬ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﺟﺎﻫﺰﺓ ﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‪.[Shift]+[F1‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫‪ Session‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪.‫ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١٠‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ ‪ Minitab StatGuide‬ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻳﺴﻬﻞ ﻓﻬﻤﻬﺎ‪ .Search‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٨-١٠‬‬ .StatGuide Help‬ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،StatGuide Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻚ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ‪.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮﺍ ﻟﺠﺰء ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻭﻳﻀﻢ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ‪StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻭﻳﻘﻊ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮ ًﺓ ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﻋﺎﻡ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍءﺓ ﻭﺻﻒ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻣﻔﺼﻞ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Interpretation‬ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪.‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻔﺢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ‪StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Example Output‬ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ‪.StatGuide‬‬ ‫‪٩-١٠‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ StatGuide‬ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ‪.

References‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺒﻪ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪ Session Command Help‬ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻢ ‪ Minitab‬ﺃﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺪﻭﺭﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﻓﺮﻋﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‪.‫‪Session Command Help‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١٠‬‬ ‫‪Session Command Help‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﻭﻣﺮﺑﻌﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ً‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﻭﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ .References‬‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Session Command Help‬ﻓﻲ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،Help ➤ Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ Session Commands‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪.‬ﻭﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﻡ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴًﺎ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻭﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٠-١٠‬‬ .‬ﻭﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻷﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﺼﻲ‪ .‬ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪ Exec‬ﻭﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ➤ ‪Help‬‬ ‫‪ ،Help‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ‪ Macros‬ﺗﺤﺖ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪ ،٦‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.Minitab Help‬ﻭﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺟﺰء ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﻭﺟﺰء‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ‪.

Minitab‬‬ ‫‪ .Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١١-١٠‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .‬‬ ‫■ ‪ Example‬ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫■ ‪ See also‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫‪.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﺘﺐ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ >‪ MTB‬ﺃﻣﺮ ‪ HELP‬ﻣﺘﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺡ ﻟﻸﻣﺮ‪.Minitab‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻀﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﺠﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻟﻺﺟﺮﺍءﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ‪.[Enter‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻼ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻔﺼﻠﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻭﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪ .Command syntax‬ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻲ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺼﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ]‪.

‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١٠‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪١٢-١٠‬‬ .

‬ﻭﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍءﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ‪.‬‬ ‫‪١-١١‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ . ‫‪١١‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺠﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٢-١١‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪ Meet Minitab‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﻭﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻤﻴﺰﺍﺗﻪ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ .

‬ﻭﺇﻟﻴﻚ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪:Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺃﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ‬ ‫ﺇﻃﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪Session‬‬ ‫‪Project‬‬ ‫‪Manager‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﻓﺬ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫‪Graph window‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺟﺪﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ‪ .‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-١١‬‬ .‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺼﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ ٢٠٠‬ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﺍﻓﺬ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪.Display Data Data‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻧﻮﺍﻓﺬ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺻﻔﻮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻞ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻧﻮﺍﻓﺬ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ .‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١١‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻚ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﺍﻓﺬ ﻭﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺑﺖ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﻓﺬ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺼﻔﻮﻓﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪.

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪Minitab‬‬

‫‪Project‬‬
‫‪Manager‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪﺍﺕ‬

‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻮﺡ‬

‫ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺪﺍﺕ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﺟﺰﺍء ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻟﻐﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‪...‬‬
‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ .Manage Session‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﻬﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫‪Session‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫■‬
‫ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪Session‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫‪ Session‬ﻣﺮﺗﺒﺔ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬
‫ﻧﺴﺦ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫■‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺣﺬﻓﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻃﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻟﺤﺎﻕ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪ Session‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫■‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑـ ‪ReportPad‬‬
‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺗﺴﻠﺴﻼﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻘﺪﺓ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪History‬‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪ Exec‬ﻭﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫■‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻛﺮﻭ‬

‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺗﻀﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪Graph‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬
‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻃﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫■‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺗﺠﺎﻧﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺇﺯﺍﻟﺘﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻟﺤﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑـ ‪ReportPad‬‬ ‫■‬

‫‪٣-١١‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬

‫ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١١‬‬

‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‪...‬‬
‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺒﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ‬ ‫‪ReportPad‬‬
‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ‪ ReportPad‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫■‬
‫ﻧﺼﻮﺹ ﺃﻗﻮﻯ ﻹﺟﺮﺍء ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺳﺮﻳﻌًﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﻤﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪Related‬‬
‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪ Minitab‬ﻟﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ‪ URL‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪Documents‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪Minitab‬‬

‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﻠﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻀﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪﺍﺕ ‪ Columns‬ﻭ‬ ‫‪Worksheets‬‬
‫‪ Constants‬ﻭ‪ Matrices‬ﻭ‬
‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﻭﺻﻒ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ‬ ‫■‬
‫‪ Design‬ﻟﻜﻞ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺑﺖ‬ ‫■‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻔﻮﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫■‬

‫ﻣﻠﺨﺺ ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫■‬

‫ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪:Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬
‫‪ menu bar‬ﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫■‬

‫‪ Standard toolbar‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺷﺎﺋﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪−‬ﻭﺗﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻷﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﺗﺒﻌًﺎ ﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫■‬

‫‪ Minitab‬ﺍﻟﻨﺸﻄﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Project Manager toolbar‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪﺍﺕ ‪.Project Manager‬‬ ‫■‬

‫‪ Worksheet toolbar‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﻹﺩﺭﺍﺝ ﺧﻼﻳﺎ ﻭﺻﻔﻮﻑ ﻭﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺴﺤﻬﺎ ﻭﻟﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫■‬

‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺼﺎ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻴًﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ‬
‫‪ status bar‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ً‬ ‫■‬

‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﻘﺮ ﺑﺰﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻭﺱ ﺍﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﺍﻓﺬ ‪ Minitab‬ﺃﻭ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫■‬

‫‪ .Project Manager‬ﻭﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣًﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺷﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ )‪ Graph Editing‬ﻭ‪Graph Annotation Tools‬‬ ‫■‬

‫ﻭ‪ (3D Graph Tools‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻭﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺷﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ )‪ Factorial Designs‬ﻭ‪Response Surface Designs‬‬ ‫■‬

‫ﻭ‪ Mixture Designs‬ﻭ‪ Taguchi Designs‬ﻭ‪ (OptiPlot‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ‬
‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ‪.‬‬

‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪Minitab‬‬

‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪ DMAIC‬ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺳﻴﺠﻤﺎ ً‬
‫ﻃﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫■‬

‫ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻮﺫﺝ ‪) DMAIC‬ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ )‪ (Define‬ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ )‪ (Measure‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ )‪ (Analyze‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻦ‬
‫)‪ (Improve‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ )‪.((Control‬‬

‫ﻻ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﺃﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭ‪ DOE‬ﻭ‪ DMAIC‬ﻋﻨﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ‪Tools‬‬
‫‪ Toolbars‬ﺛﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺃﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪Minitab‬‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ ،Minitab‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﺤﺪﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺫﺍﻛﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ‪ −‬ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‪.‬‬ ‫■‬

‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ ‪ −‬ﺣﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﻭﻣﺴﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻭﺭﻣﻮﺯ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‪ .‬ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ‪ Test #4‬ﺃﻭ ‪.North America‬‬ ‫■‬

‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ‪ −‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺭﻳﺦ )ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ ،Jan-1-2009‬ﺃﻭ ‪ ،1-Jan-2009‬ﺃﻭ ‪ ،3/17/09‬ﺃﻭ‬ ‫■‬

‫‪ ،(17/03/09‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ )ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ ،(08:25:22 AM‬ﺃﻭ ﻛﻼﻫﻤﺎ ﻣﻌًﺎ )ﻣﺜﻞ ‪33/17/09 08:25:22 AM‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ‪ .(17/03/09 08:25:22‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Minitab‬ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻴًﺎ ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺭﻳﺦ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻳﻌﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺨﺘﺎﺭﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺄﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺣ ًﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪...‬‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻞ‬
‫ﻻ ﻳﺤﺪﺩﻩ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺫﺍﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫‪ C +‬ﺭﻗﻢ ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ C1‬ﺃﻭ ‪C22‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺼﻞ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ Center‬ﺃﻭ‬ ‫■‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﻭﻗﺖ‬
‫‪ ٤٠٠٠‬ﺑﺤﺪ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ‬ ‫‪Arrival‬‬

‫‪١٠٠٠‬‬ ‫‪ K +‬ﺭﻗﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ K1‬ﺃﻭ ‪K93‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺃﻭ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻣﺨﺰﻥ‬
‫ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ First‬ﺃﻭ‬ ‫■‬
‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ )ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ‪(New York‬‬
‫‪Counter‬‬

‫‪١٠٠‬‬ ‫‪ M +‬ﺭﻗﻢ ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ M1‬ﺃﻭ ‪M44‬‬ ‫■‬ ‫ﻛﺘﻠﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻄﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻔﻮﻓﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ‪Inverse‬‬ ‫■‬
‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬

‫ﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ Project Manager Worksheets‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺑﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺼﻔﻮﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻜﻞ‬
‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ‪.‬‬

‫‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬

‬ﻭﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ Meet Minitab‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ .Minitab Help‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٦-١١‬‬ .Worksheet‬ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺻﻒ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻫﺬﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ Sample data sets‬ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ‪.Meet Minitab‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ Look in Minitab Sample Data‬ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﻮﺍﺭ ‪Open‬‬ ‫‪ .‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ‪١١‬‬ ‫ﻳﺄﺗﻲ ‪ Minitab‬ﻣﺰﻭ ًﺩﺍ ﺑﻌﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‪ .

‫ﻓﻬﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺔ ‪٢-٩‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺻﻴﻎ ‪٢-٩‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ‪٨-٣‬‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ‪٨-٣‬‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺪﻳﺲ ‪٣-١‬‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫ﺃﺗﻤﺘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ‪٧-٦‬‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ‪٧-٣‬‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪١١-٢‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ‪٢-٤‬‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ ‪٨-٥‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻲ ‪١٣-٢‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ‪٤-١‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ‪٩-٥‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ‪١٣-٢‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪١-٢‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٥-٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻩ ‪١-٦‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪٧-٧‬‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٨-٨‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪٦-٦‬‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ‪٢-٤‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻴﻦ ‪١-٦‬‬ ‫ﺃﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪٢-١١‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ‪٢-٦‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١ ٣D Graph Tools‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ‪١-٣‬‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ‪٦-٩‬‬ ‫‪٥-١١ DMAIC‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٨-٨‬‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Microsoft Word‬ﺃﻭ‬ ‫‪٤-١١ Factorial Designs‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﻝ ‪٦-٨‬‬ ‫‪٩-٨ PowerPoint‬‬ ‫‪Graph Annotation‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ‪٣-٨‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٩-٧‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١ Tools‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻲ ﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫‪٤-١١ Graph Editing‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪١٣-٢‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١ Mixture Designs‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻣﻴﺰ ‪٥-٧‬‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٢-٤‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١ OptiPlot‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺪﻳﺲ ‪٢-٢‬‬ ‫ﺇﻟﺤﺎﻕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ‪٢-٧‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١ ،٩-٣ Project Manager‬‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺞ ‪٥-٢‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺃﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ ‪٤-٣‬‬ ‫‪Response Surface‬‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺳﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ ‪٤-٣‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١ Designs‬‬ ‫ﻧﺼﻴﺔ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫‪٤-١١ Standard‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻓﻲ ‪١-٤ ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ‪٨-٣‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١ Taguchi Designs‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٩-٨‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ‪٣-٤‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١ Worksheet‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ‪٢-٤‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺿﻴﺎﺕ ‪٤-٥‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٨-٣‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺑﺖ ‪٨-٤‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﺘﻮﻛﻲ ‪٦-٩‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ‪٤-١١‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺑﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺰﻧﺔ ‪٤-١١‬‬ ‫‪٥-٩ StatGuide‬‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ‪٧-٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ‪٨-٨‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺍﻗﻲ ‪٩-٢‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ ‪٩-٤‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻮﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ‪٥-٣‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﻱ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ‪٢-٩‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ‪٨-٥‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ‪٥-٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ‪٩-٨‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ ‪٢-٢‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺮﺓ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻲ ﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ‪٥-١‬‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻓﺮﺩﻳﺔ ‪٩-٥‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺪﻑ ‪١٠-٨‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺒﺪﺍﻝ ﻗﻴﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٨-٨‬‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ‪١٠-٤‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ‪٩-٨‬‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ‪٥-٣‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺪﺓ ‪٦-٨‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ ‪٨-٣‬‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﺝ ‪٦-٢‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻓﻘﺔ ‪٧-٣‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪٥-١‬‬ ‫‪1-I‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .

‫ﺧﻂ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ‪٣-٨‬‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ ﻓﻲ ‪٦-٨ ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺝ ‪١٠-٤‬‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ ‪٥-٢ Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ‪١-٣‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ‪٦-٧‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ‪٣-٤‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ‪٧-٤‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ‪١٠-٢‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ‪٤-٣‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ‪٥-١‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺪﻳﺲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٢-٨‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ‪٦-٧‬‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ‪٣-٨‬‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪ Excel‬ﻓﻲ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٥-٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪٢-٤ HTML‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪٤-٣‬‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺞ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪٧-٧‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪٩-٤ MPJ‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ‪٨-٤‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻝ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪٢-٩ MTW‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪٨-٨‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪١٣-٢ RTF‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪١-٩‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻝ ﺭﻳﺎﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪٩-٨ XLS‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ‪٨‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺡ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻮﻛﻲ ‪١٤-٢‬‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺳﻔﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪١-٥‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺭﺓ ‪١-٥‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ‪١٣-٢‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪٦-٧‬‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ‪١-٥ Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ‪٤-٢‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺳﻔﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ ‪٦-٦‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻣﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪١-٥‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻢ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ‪١-٢‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ‪٢-٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﻋﻤﺪﺓ ‪٨-٥‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪١٠-٣‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ‪١١-٨‬‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪٥-٥ Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ‪٢-٢‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ ‪٧-٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ‪٢-٥ Taguchi‬‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻣﻀﻤﻨﺔ ‪١-٢‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ ‪٤-٥‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ‪٢-٧ ReportPad‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ‪٣-٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ‪٢-٥‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ‪٥-٣‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪٣-٤‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﺔ ‪٦-٥‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ‪٣-٤ Exec‬‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ‪٣-٥‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ‪١٠-٣‬‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٥-٤‬‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٦-٥‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺁﺧﺮ ‪٢-٧‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪٧-٤‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ‪٩-٥‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ‪١٠-٢‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺋﻲ ﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ‪٩-٥‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ‪٥-٤‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ‪١-٥‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ‪١٠-٢‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ‪٨-٣‬‬ ‫ﺥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ‪١-٥‬‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ ‪١-٥‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ‪١٣-٢‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺋﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ‪٣-٢‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ‪٩-٨‬‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻤﻨﺔ ‪٩-٥‬‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ‪٢-٤‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻢ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻞ ‪٢-٩‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ‪٤-١١‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ‪١-٢‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ‪٥-٧‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻀﻤﻨﺔ ‪٤-١١‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ‪١١-٢‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻄﺔ ‪٢-٩‬‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ‪٢-١١‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ‪٢-٩‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ ‪٩-٤‬‬ ‫ﺭﻣﺰ ‪٤-١١ Show Graphs‬‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺏ )‪١-٤ (DOE‬‬ ‫ﺭﻣﺰ ‪٣-١ Show Session Folder‬‬ ‫)‪٣-٨ (Xbar-S chart‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻲ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻲ ‪٦-٧‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ‪٢-٩‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺻﻴﻎ ﻟﻌﻤﻮﺩ ‪٦-٧‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ‪٣-٥‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٢-I‬‬ .

‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ‪٢-٨‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ‪٦-٧‬‬ ‫ﻕ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ ‪٦-٧ Exec‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ‪٧-٧‬‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٣-١‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ ‪٦-٧ ReadMe‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٣-١١‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻒ ‪٢-١٠ What’s New‬‬ ‫ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻃﺒﺎﻋﻴﺔ ‪٤-٢‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ‪٤-١١ p‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻢ ﻣﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ ‪٣-١١‬‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫‪١-٨ Minitab‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪٥-١١ DMAIC‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ‪٢-١١ HTML‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ‪Graph Annotation‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ‪٣-١١ RTF‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻖ ‪١١-٨ XLS‬‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫‪٢-٣ Tools‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ‪٣-١‬‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ ‪٣-٨‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ‪٤-١١‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪٤-١‬‬ ‫ﺩﻣﺞ ‪٢-١١ ،٤-٨‬‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ‪٦-١١‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ‪٢-١١‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٥-٨‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ‪٥-٢‬‬ ‫ﻧﺼﻴﺔ ‪٤-٨‬‬ ‫‪١٣-٢ Graph‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ‪٦-٢‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ‪٥-١١‬‬ ‫‪١٤-٢ History‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﻗﻲ ‪ ٤‬ﻓﻲ ‪٤-٢ ١‬‬ ‫‪٥-١١ Related Documents‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ‪٦-٨‬‬ ‫‪٢-٧ ReportPad‬‬ ‫‪Numbers‬‬ ‫‪٨-٣ Session‬‬ ‫‪٦-٣ Worksheet‬‬ ‫‪٤-١١ 3D Graph Tools‬‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ‪٣-٣‬‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪٨-٤ Graph‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻮﻑ ‪٥-٦‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪٥-٤ History‬‬ ‫ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﺩ ‪٣-٤‬‬ ‫‪A‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪٤-٨ Related Documents‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪٥-٤ Session‬‬ ‫‪٥-٤ Autofill‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪٦-٦ Worksheet‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪٦-٩‬‬ ‫ﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ‪٥-٩‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪Embedded Graph‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ‪٣-٧‬‬ ‫‪C‬‬ ‫‪٥-٤ Editor‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻄﻂ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺘﻮ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮﺍﺕ ‪٧-٦‬‬ ‫‪٥-٦ Command Line Editor‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻔﻮﻓﺎﺕ ‪٦-٧‬‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ ‪٢-٨‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ‬ ‫‪D‬‬ ‫ﺫﻭ ﻟﻮﺣﺔ ‪٣-١٠‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ‪٣-١١‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ ‪٣-١٠‬‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ‪٨-٥ Session‬‬ ‫‪٢-٣ Display Descriptive Statistics‬‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﺫﻭ ﻟﻮﺣﺔ ‪٧-٦‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻔﻴﺔ ‪٤-١١‬‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻠﻊ ﻣﺠﺎﻣﻴﻊ ‪٢-٦‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ‪٣-٨‬‬ ‫‪F‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٢-٦‬‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫‪٤-١١ Factorial Designs toolbar‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ‪٢-٨‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪٤-١١ ،٦-٢‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ‪٤-٨‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ ‪٣-١١‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻮﺳﻄﺎﺕ ‪٦-٦‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ‪٤-١١ Minitab‬‬ ‫‪٤-٧ StatGuide‬‬ ‫‪٣-I‬‬ ‫‪Meet Minitab‬‬ .

R G ٤-١١ ،٢-٧ ReportPad ٤-١١ Graph Editing toolbar ٢-٧ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺨﺮﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ٣-٧ Session ٥-٧ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ‬ H ٥-٧ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﻂ‬ ١-١٠ Help ٦-٧ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ٨-١٠ StatGuide Response Surface Designs ٣-١٠ What’s New ٤-١١ toolbar ١٠-١٠ ‫ﺃﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ٦-١٠ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ٤-١٠ ،٨-٢ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ‬ S ٧-١٠ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬ ٤-١٠ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ١٠-١٠ Session Command Help ١٠-١٠ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ١١-١٠ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬ ٤-١١ Standard Toolbar M ٨-١٠ StatGuide ٦-٩ Manage Profiles ٨-١٠ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ٤-١١ Mixture Designs toolbar ٨-٣ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ‬ ٩-١٠ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ‬ ٧-٨ subscripts O ٤-١١ OptiPlot toolbar T ٤-١١ Taguchi Designs toolbar P ٩-٣ Project Manager W ٤-١١ Related Documents ٤-١١ ،٢-٧ ReportPad ٤-١١ Worksheet toolbar ١٠-٣ Show Graphs ‫ﺭﻣﺰ‬ Show Session ‫ﺭﻣﺰ‬ ٩-٣ Folder ٤-١١ ،٩-٣ ‫ﺷﺮﻳﻂ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ٣-١١ Graph ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‬ ٣-١١ ،٥-٦ History ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‬ ٣-١١ Session ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‬ ٤-١١ Worksheet ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ‬ ٥-٨ Info ‫ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ Meet Minitab ٤-I .