quiz: Wind energy technology concepts

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quiz: Wind energy technology concepts

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 6

........................................................................................................................................ 1

Importing plot .................................................................................................................... 1

Horizontal axis wind turbine ................................................................................................. 3

Question 1 ......................................................................................................................... 3

Question 2 ......................................................................................................................... 4

Vertical axis wind turbine ..................................................................................................... 4

Question 3 ......................................................................................................................... 4

Question 4 ......................................................................................................................... 4

Kite-based turbine ............................................................................................................... 5

Question 5 ......................................................................................................................... 5

Question 6 ......................................................................................................................... 5

Question 7 ......................................................................................................................... 5

clear

close all

Importing plot

% grabit('Capture.PNG')

Technology\Quiz\Preparation\grabit')

Data = load('Darrieus.mat');

DarrieusP = Data.Darrieus;

Darrieus = fit(DarrieusP(:,1),DarrieusP(:,2),'linearinterp');

Data = load('Fast_HAWT.mat');

Fast_HAWTP = Data.Fast_HAWT;

Fast_HAWT = fit(Fast_HAWTP(:,1),Fast_HAWTP(:,2),'linearinterp');

Data = load('Old_wind_mill.mat');

Old_wind_millP = Data.Old_wind_mill;

Old_wind_mill =

fit(Old_wind_millP(:,1),Old_wind_millP(:,2),'linearinterp');

Data = load('Savonius.mat');

SavoniusP = Data.Savonius;

1

Savonius = fit(SavoniusP(:,1),SavoniusP(:,2),'linearinterp');

Data = load('Slow_HAWT.mat');

Slow_HAWTP = Data.Slow_HAWT;

Slow_HAWT = fit(Slow_HAWTP(:,1),Slow_HAWTP(:,2),'linearinterp');

figure

hold all

plot(Darrieus,DarrieusP(:,1),DarrieusP(:,2),'*')

plot(Fast_HAWT,Fast_HAWTP(:,1),Fast_HAWTP(:,2),'*');

plot(Old_wind_mill,Old_wind_millP(:,1),Old_wind_millP(:,2),'*');

plot(Savonius,SavoniusP(:,1),SavoniusP(:,2),'*');

plot(Slow_HAWT,Slow_HAWTP(:,1),Slow_HAWTP(:,2),'*');

grid

legend(' ','Darrieus',' ','Fast HAWT',' ','Old wind mill','

','Savonius',' ','Slow HAWT','Location','best')

xlabel('Tip Speed Ration')

ylabel('Power Coeff. C_P')

2

Horizontal axis wind turbine

rho = 1.225; % kgm3

V = 10; % m/s

P_MW = 5;

P = P_MW*1e6;

Question 1

What is the required rotor radius (blade length) of a fast-running horizontal-axis wind turbine (m)?

Cpmax_FHAWT = max(Fast_HAWT(0:0.1:7))

R_FHAWT = sqrt(P/(1/2*rho*pi*V^3*Cpmax_FHAWT))

Cpmax_FHAWT =

0.4556

R_FHAWT =

3

75.5178

Question 2

What is the required rotor radius (blade length) of a slow-running horizontal-axis wind turbine with a rotor

of multiple blades (m)?

Cpmax_SHAWT = max(Slow_HAWT(0:0.1:7))

R_SHAWT = sqrt(P/(1/2*rho*pi*V^3*Cpmax_SHAWT))

Cpmax_SHAWT =

0.3040

R_SHAWT =

92.4510

Question 3

What is the required swept area of a Darrieus wind turbine (m2)?

Cpmax_Darrieus = max(Darrieus(0:0.1:7))

A_Darrieus = P/(1/2*rho*V^3*Cpmax_Darrieus)

Cpmax_Darrieus =

0.3819

A_Darrieus =

2.1376e+04

Question 4

What is the length of a blade of this Darrieus wind turbine assuming that t

R_Darrieus = sqrt(A_Darrieus/pi)

L_Darrieus = R_Darrieus*pi

4

R_Darrieus =

82.4868

L_Darrieus =

259.1398

Kite-based turbine

Question 5

What is the required area of the kite Akite if the lift coefficient is CL=1 and the glide ratio is 5 ( in m2)?

Cl = 1;

G = 5;

Akite_G5 = P/(1/2*rho*V^3*4/27*Cl*G^2)

Akite_G5 =

2.2041e+03

Question 6

What is the required area of the kite Akite if the lift coefficient is CL=1 and the glide ratio is 5 ( in m2)?

G = 10;

Akite_G10 = P/(1/2*rho*V^3*4/27*Cl*G^2)

Akite_G10 =

551.0204

Question 7

What is the required length of a straight and rigid beam that vibrates with an amplitude of 10m in a plane

perpendicular to the mean wind speed of 10m/s if you assume that the power coefficient is CP=0.1 and

the machine must extract 5MW ( in m)?

Cp_vib = 0.1;

Amp = 10;

5

A = P/(1/2*rho*V^3*Cp_vib)

L_beam = A/(Amp)

A =

8.1633e+04

L_beam =

8.1633e+03

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