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Sep 28, 2017

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DISCUSSION

The alternating current is an electric current which reverses direction with a frequency so

that it is called AC current (Alternating Current). In alternating current, GGl and current have more

than one direction or direction as a function of time. Source Alternating current is alternating

current generator. The alternating current generator consists of a square bucket rotated in a

magnetic field. Alternating current is Differentiated between alternating current sinusoidal pattern

and non sinusoidal pattern

a rectangular coil that is rotated in a magnetic field. The electric motion force (GGL) generated by

the generator changes periodically according to the sine or cosine functions. GGL sinusoid is

produced by a rotating coil with a fixed angular rate. The resulting voltage is a sinusoidal voltage

with the following equation:

m = NBA = maximum electric force

N = Number of coil rolls

A = coil area

B = magnetic induction

= angular frequency

Electrical loads in alternating current can be resistor (R), capacitor (C) and inductor (L).

2.2 Effective Value (Root Mean Square), Average Value, and Maximum value

The effective value of alternating current is the value of alternating current and voltage

equivalent to direct current and voltage to produce the same amount of heat and through a

resistor in the same time. the relationship between the effective current and voltage with

maximum current and voltage is given by:

direct current which keeps the same amount of electrical charge at the same time. The

magnitude of the average voltage and current strength is formulated

Vef = effective voltage (V) Vr = average voltage (V)

Im = max current (A) Ir = average current (A)

2.3 Resesive, Inductive and Capacitive Circuits

a. Resistor

resistive circuit. Look at the picture below.

In the resistive circuit, the voltage and current will have the same phase as shown in the

curve figure above. In the resistive circuit apply the formula :

I = momentary current (A)

= Period

R = resistance (ohms)

2

= 2 =

= the angular velocity

b. Inductive Circuits (L)

the inductive circuit, the phase difference between voltage and current is / 2 with a voltage

preceding a current of / 2 or you can call its current / 2 overdue from the voltage. As in

the following graph

In the inductive circuit, when the current on the inductor changes, an electric force will

develop between the ends of the inductor whose magnitude is formulated :

If the resistance in the inductive circuit through which the alternating current is defined as

the inductive reactance (XL) then XL is formulated :

L = inductance inductor

Vmax = maximum voltage on inductor (Volt)

VL = voltage between the ends of the inductor (Volt)

c. Capacitive Circuits (C

capacitive circuit, the phase difference between the voltage and current is / 2 with the

current preceding the tang of / 2. The graph is as follows:

If the resistance in the capacitive circuit through which the alternating current is

interpreted as a capacitive reactance Xc then the magnitude Xc can be formulated as

C = capacitor capacity (C)

d. Impedance (Z)

capasitive reactance. To simplify the problem, we observe an alternating current circuit

inside which is composed of a resistor R, a coil R, an inductive coil L and a capacitor C.

According to the ohms law, the voltage between the ends of the circuit:

V = VR + VL + VC

. = ( 1 )2 + 2

The RL, RC, LC and RLC circuits are combinations of resistors, inductors and / or

capacitors arranged in series. Before discussing the above four types of circuit above, it is

necessary to know first that the current and the applied voltage are the effective current (Ief) and

the effective voltage (Vef). While in the recessive, inductive and pure capacitive circuits in the

previous discussion using maximum current and voltage.

If the resistor and indukor (R and L) series assembled and connected to a source of tension

was back and forth the applicable formula

b. Series circuit between R and C

If the resistance and capacitor (R and C) are coupled series and then connected to an

alternating voltage source then

If the resistance, the inductor, and the capacitor are strung together then connected to a

voltage source back and forth then

If XL> Xc then the circuit is inductive, because q is positive

2. If Xc> XL then the circuit is capacitive, because q is negative

3. Apbaila XL. = X c then the circuit is resistive, resonance Z = R, q = 0 with the

frequency and velocity of resonance angle formulated

C = capacitance of capacitor (F)

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