You are on page 1of 3

Types of ships, Ricky

General cargo ship


Cargo type:

Bags of rice, crate () of furniture, wine, consumer goods,

Cargo stowage:
1. Holds
Large and clear open cargo carrying spaces with cargo batten for
loading/unloading
2. Hatch
- An access for cargo stowage
- Covered by Hatch cover (watertight, reduce risk of flooding in high seas)
- Portable beam for tween deck hatchway

Cargo handling:
1. Deck-mounted cranes / derrick for cargo handling
2. By intensive Labouring, time consuming

Ship structure:
1. Ballast tanks
To ensure enough draft for stability and propeller immersion.
Draft , stability , seaworthiness
Stability and trim arrangements must be satisfactory for all prevailing weather
condition in operation areas.
e.g. Fore and aft tanks Avoid trimming
2. Double bottom tanks
Divided into different tanks for stowage of oil, freshwater and ballast water
separately.
3. Framing
Framing consists of mild steel and plating.
- Longitudinal (at deck and in double bottom)
- Transverse (at each side of the shell broken stowage )

Ship features:
1. Tween deck
Act as an upper cargo stowage space.
For cargo separation (some discharge first), avoid cargo damages by themselves
and stability improvement.
Types of ships, Ricky

2. Small general cargo ship is needed in small developing country.


Dry bulk carrier
Cargo type:
1. Max. Deadweight of any type of bulk cargo from heavy to light grain, usually
single commodity cargo, e.g. grains, sugar, coal in bulk.

Cargo stowage:
1. Holds
Can be used for cargo stowage and ballast water stowage.
2. Large hatchway, no tween deck.

Cargo handling:
1. Time consuming, dangerous
2. Cargo is handled by onboard / onshore cranes or conveyor belts.

Ship structure:
1. Ballast tanks
2. Double bottom tanks (oil, freshwater stowage, ballast)
3. Framing
Framing consists of mild steel and plating.
- Longitudinal (at deck and in double bottom and bottom of wing tank)
- Transverse (at each side of the shell broken stowage )

Ship features:
1. Single decked, no tween deck.
2. Wing tanks (For light grain and ballast stowage.
3. Low beam, high draft, low freeboard
Types of ships, Ricky

Tanker
Cargo type:
Bulk liquid cargoes, e.g. crude oil / refined oil products.

Cargo stowage:
1. Stored by individual tanks divided by longitudinal and transverse bulkhead.
2. Inert gas system installed. Avoid oil vapor explosion.
3. Pressure vacuum valve and Vent pipes (with gauges as a precaution against fire
and explosion) are installed.
Allow oil vapor escapes.

Cargo handling:
1. By large amount of pipes on deck running from pump room to different discharge
locations on ship. (catwalk on pipeline top for passage of crew)
Small hatchway as oil is transferred by pipes only.
2. Loading/unloading by pumping provided from pump room, each tank has its own
suction arrangement which connects to pumps. Pumping process may be assisted
by hose handling derricks on each side amidships near the manifolds.
3. Slop tanks for tank clearing.

Ship structure:
1. Double bottom tanks under machinery spaces.
1. Double-skin structure Avoid oil spill
2. Accommodation and machinery spaces locate aft in modern tankers.

Ship features:
1. Single decked, no tween deck.
2. Low freeboard, high draft.