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MX 16-slice CT

Service Manual

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Revision D

This document and the information contained in it is proprietary and confidential information of Philips Healthcare ("Philips") and may not be reproduced, copied in
whole or in part, adapted, modified, disclosed to others, or disseminated without the prior written permission of the Philips Legal Department. Use of this document
and the information contained in it is strictly reserved for current Philips personnel and Philips customers who have a current and valid license from Philips for use by
the customers designated in-house service employee on equipment located at the customers designated site. Use of this document by unauthorized persons is strictly
prohibited. Report violation of these requirements to the Philips Legal Department. This document must be returned to Philips when the user is no longer licensed
and in any event upon Philips first written request.

2012 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. All Rights Reserved.


CSIP Level 1
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Philips Healthcare
2012 KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N. V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Warranty Disclaimer
PHILIPS PROVIDES THIS DOCUMENT WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, IMPLIED OR EXPRESSED,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Limitation of Liability
PHILIPS HAS TAKEN CARE TO ENSURE THE ACCURACY OF THIS DOCUMENT. HOWEVER, PHILIPS
ASSUMES NO LIABILITY FOR ERRORS OR OMISSIONS AND RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES
WITHOUT FURTHER NOTICE TO ANY PRODUCTS HEREIN TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY, FUNCTION, OR
DESIGN. PHILIPS MAY MAKE IMPROVEMENTS OR CHANGES IN THE PRODUCT(S) OR PROGRAM(S)
DESCRIBED IN THIS DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.

Password Notice
THE PASSWORD IS THE PROPERTY OF PHILIPS MEDICAL SYSTEMS AND IS PROVIDED FOR THE EXCLUSIVE
PURPOSE OF PROVIDING ACCESS TO SELECTED SERVICE UTILITIES WHICH ARE DESCRIBED IN THIS
SERVICE MANUAL AS BEING ASSOCIATED WITH THE PASSWORD. USE OF THIS PASSWORD FOR ANY
PURPOSE OTHER THAN FOR THE ACCESS TO THE SELECTED SERVICES UTILITIES IS STRICTLY
PROHIBITED.

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Symbol Descriptions

! Attention symbol Radiation warning symbol

Laser warning symbol Biohazard warning symbol

Magnetism warning symbol Projectile warning symbol

Electrical warning symbol Do not touch

Recycle Label
Dispose of in accordance with your countrys
requirements. This label indicates that there is
Crush warning symbol material in the system that you must separately
collect and recycle in accordance with the
requirements of the European Waste Electrical
Equipment (WEEE) Directive.

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Safety Information
To the User of This Manual
The user of this manual is directed to read and carefully review the instructions, warnings and cautions contained herein prior to beginning installation or service activities.
While you may have previously installed or serviced equipment similar to that described in this manual, changes in design, manufacture or procedure may have occurred
which significantly affect the present installation or service.

!
WARNING In addition to the warnings listed above, follow all safety guidelines as described in
the Safety Manual. Failure to do so can result in severe personal injury.
Installation and Environment
Except for installations requiring certification by the manufacturer, see that a radiation protection survey is made by a qualified expert in accordance with NCRP 102,
section 7, as revised. Perform a survey after every change in equipment, workload, or operating conditions which might significantly increase the probability of persons
receiving more than the maximum permissible dose equivalent.

Diagnostic Imaging Systems - Mechanical-electrical Warning


All of the moveable assemblies and parts of this equipment should be operated with care and routinely inspected in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations
contained in the equipment manuals.
Only properly trained and qualified personnel should be permitted access to any internal parts. Live electrical terminals are deadly; be sure line disconnects are opened and
other appropriate precautions are taken before opening access doors, removing enclosure panels, or attaching accessories.
Do not under any circumstances remove the flexible high tension cables from the x-ray tube housing or high tension generator and/or the access covers from the generator
until the main and auxiliary power supplies have been disconnected. Failure to comply with the above may result in serious or fatal bodily injuries to the operator or those
in the area.
Prior to any service and maintenance activities inside components:
Switch off the system at the main power supply, and the uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
Make sure that no other person can switch on power or switch off any safety measures, when installation, maintenance or service work on the system is performed.
Always use an ESD protection wrist strap when servicing any component in the system.

Electrical-grounding Instructions
The equipment must be grounded to an earth ground by a separate conductor. The neutral side of the line is not to be considered the earth ground. On equipment
provided with a line cord, the equipment must be connected to a properly grounded, three-pin receptacle. Do not use a three-to-two pin adapter.

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Diagnostic Imaging Systems - Radiation Warning


X-ray and Gamma-rays are dangerous to both operator and others in the vicinity unless established safe exposure procedures are strictly observed.
The useful and scattered beams can produce serious or fatal bodily injuries to any persons in the surrounding area if used by an unskilled operator. Adequate precautions
must always be taken to avoid exposure to the useful beam, as well as to leakage radiation from within the source housing or to scattered radiation resulting from the
passage of radiation through matter.
Those authorized to operate, participate in or supervise the operation of the equipment must be thoroughly familiar and comply completely with the current established
safe exposure factors and procedures described in publications, such as: Subchapter J of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations, "Diagnostic X-ray Systems and Their
Major Components", and the national council on radiation protection (NCRP) no. 102, "Medical X-ray And Gamma-ray Protection For Energies Up To 10 Mev-
equipment Design and Use".
Those responsible for planning of x-ray and gamma-ray equipment installations must be thoroughly familiar and comply completely with NCRP no. 49, "Structural
Shielding Design and Evaluation for Medical of X-rays and Gamma-rays of Energies Up to 10 Mev". Failure to observe these warnings may cause serious or fatal bodily
injuries to the operator or those in the area.
Add additional safety information as needed.

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Revision History
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Revision History

ECO # Revision Date Comments

H3002578 A July 2009 New Release

Added information for the new ADM components in ADM Type Identification on
page 154
Added information for the new RCOM in RCOM on page 168
Combine Power Supply Block content into Table 67 on page 152
E-007395 B May 2010
Modified Horizontal Limit Switches, Float Button on page 199
Modified Patient Table Vertical Position on page 197
Modified Patient Table Calibration on page 200
Modified UPS (Optional) on page 215

Added information for T5500 console computer in PC Computer on page 231.


E-010663 C February 2011
Added NOTE for GTX460 and GTX 260 replacement notice

Modified Gantry Stationary Part on page 11


Modified Gantry Rotating Part on page 12
Added Figure 5 on page 19
Modified Figure 10 on page 27
Modified Figure 11 on page 28
E-025576 D December 2012 Modified Figure 13 on page 30
Added GPC Type B on page 77
Added Gantry Frequency Converter Module on page 65
Added Fironia-50 on page 90
Added Fironia-50 on page 102
Modified NOTE for GTX460 and GTX 260 replacement notice

This document was prepared by CT/NM Service Innovations.


For any additions, corrections, or suggestions, contact your next level of support.

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Contents
Revision History ............................................................................................................................. vi

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 1
How this Manual is Organized................................................................................................................................1
Applicable Documents............................................................................................................................................2

System Overview ............................................................................................................................. 3


System Specifications ............................................................................................................................................3
System Connections ..............................................................................................................................................6
System Diagram.....................................................................................................................................................7
System Scan Modes ..............................................................................................................................................8
Surview Scan...............................................................................................................................................8
Axial Scan....................................................................................................................................................8
Helical Scan.................................................................................................................................................8
Manual Scan................................................................................................................................................8
Functional Scan...........................................................................................................................................9

System Components ..................................................................................................................... 10


Gantry...................................................................................................................................................................11
Gantry Stationary Part ....................................................................................................................................11
Gantry Rotating Part .......................................................................................................................................12
Patient Table...................................................................................................................................................13
Workspace ......................................................................................................................................................13
Isolation Transformer ......................................................................................................................................13
ECG/CCT Injector ...........................................................................................................................................13
Acronyms ........................................................................................................................................................15
Data and Signal Communication..........................................................................................................................17
UCOM Board........................................................................................................................................................20
CAN (Controller Area Network) Network ........................................................................................................22
Ethernet (Firmware Download) Network.........................................................................................................24
Ethernet IP Address and CAN ID....................................................................................................................25
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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Contents
Assist Calculate Unit....................................................................................................................................... 25
Monitor Status Unit ......................................................................................................................................... 25
Power Supply ....................................................................................................................................................... 26
Gantry Stator Distribution ............................................................................................................................... 27
Gantry Rotor Power Distribution ..................................................................................................................... 28
Patient Table Power Distribution .................................................................................................................... 29
Workspace Power Distribution........................................................................................................................ 30

Gantry System ............................................................................................................................... 31


Gantry Stator Control System .............................................................................................................................. 32
Stator Control System Functions .................................................................................................................... 32
Functions for Motion.................................................................................................................................. 32
Functions for Communication.................................................................................................................... 32
Stator Control Board ....................................................................................................................................... 33
Main Components ..................................................................................................................................... 33
Functions:.................................................................................................................................................. 34
Module descriptions .................................................................................................................................. 34
Stator Control Board Interface................................................................................................................... 37
Gantry Interface Board interface and protocol................................................................................................ 47
Gantry Rotation Motor Servo ............................................................................................................................... 56
Gantry Rotor Control Module Diagram...................................................................................................... 56
Motor Servo Connections.......................................................................................................................... 57
Motor Servo Power Supply........................................................................................................................ 58
Removing faults/warnings ......................................................................................................................... 62
Gantry Frequency Converter Module................................................................................................................... 65
Gantry Frequency Converter Module Diagram............................................................................................... 65
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................... 66
Frequency Converter Block Diagram.............................................................................................................. 68
Frequency Converter Electrical Installation .................................................................................................... 70
Basic Troubleshooting .................................................................................................................................... 71
GPC ..................................................................................................................................................................... 73
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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Contents
GPC Type A.................................................................................................................................................... 73
GPC Block Diagram .................................................................................................................................. 73
Main Features ........................................................................................................................................... 74
GPC Functions .......................................................................................................................................... 75
GPC Type B.................................................................................................................................................... 77
GPC Block Diagram .................................................................................................................................. 77
Main Features ........................................................................................................................................... 78
GPC Functions .......................................................................................................................................... 80
Control Panel ....................................................................................................................................................... 82
Gantry Motion....................................................................................................................................................... 85
Gantry Motion Control Functional Description ................................................................................................ 85
Software Commands................................................................................................................................. 85
Hardware commands ................................................................................................................................ 85
Auxiliary Control Assembly (Manual Tilt and Rotation Control) ...................................................................... 86
Display for System Motion ............................................................................................................................. 86
Gantry Rotor Control System ............................................................................................................................... 87
Gantry Rotor Overview Functional Description............................................................................................... 87
Gantry Rotor Power Supply....................................................................................................................... 87
Gantry Rotor Communication Interface..................................................................................................... 87
X-ray Generation ....................................................................................................................................... 87
High Voltage System and X-ray Tube.................................................................................................................. 93
HV Generator.................................................................................................................................................. 94
HV Generator (AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 AND HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815)................................. 95
Fironia-50 ................................................................................................................................................ 102
X-ray Tube .................................................................................................................................................... 123
Rotor Control Board High Voltage Control Module....................................................................................... 128
HV Generator and X-Ray Tube Error Protection..................................................................................... 128
X-ray Tube filament protection ................................................................................................................ 128
Unknown exposure command protection ................................................................................................ 128
Single exposure longest time protection ................................................................................................. 128
Unnecessary Radiation protection .......................................................................................................... 128
Dose protection ....................................................................................................................................... 128
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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Contents
HV generator self protection.................................................................................................................... 129
Tube self protection................................................................................................................................. 129
Collimator System .............................................................................................................................................. 130
Composition and Function of the Collimator System.................................................................................... 130
Composition of collimator system............................................................................................................ 130
Function................................................................................................................................................... 130
A-Plane system............................................................................................................................................. 131
Function of the A-Plane........................................................................................................................... 134
Slice Thickness ....................................................................................................................................... 134
Slice Center............................................................................................................................................. 137
Filter Position........................................................................................................................................... 138
A-Plane Step Motor Servo....................................................................................................................... 141
Step Motor............................................................................................................................................... 145
Flow Chart-Collimator Initializing............................................................................................................. 146
Flow Chart-Collimator Operation............................................................................................................. 147
Flow Chart-Filter Forward........................................................................................................................ 148
Flow Chart-Filter Backward ..................................................................................................................... 149
DMS ................................................................................................................................................................... 150
Overview....................................................................................................................................................... 150
DMS Functional Description ......................................................................................................................... 151
DMS Power Supply Distribution.................................................................................................................... 152
Main Subassembly Outline ........................................................................................................................... 153
ADM (Array Detector Module) ................................................................................................................. 153
RCOM ..................................................................................................................................................... 153
Fan .......................................................................................................................................................... 153
Data Sampling and Scan Mode .................................................................................................................... 153
Operating Temperature Overview ................................................................................................................ 154
DMS Main Subassemblies............................................................................................................................ 154
ADM Type Identification .......................................................................................................................... 154
DMS Mother Board (DMB) ...................................................................................................................... 161
DMS Components ................................................................................................................................... 161
External Devices ..................................................................................................................................... 161

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Contents
Mother Board Connections...................................................................................................................... 164
RCOM ..................................................................................................................................................... 168
Reference Detector and Converter ......................................................................................................... 181
Cradle...................................................................................................................................................... 183
Laser Marker ...................................................................................................................................................... 184
Slip Ring............................................................................................................................................................. 187
Stator Transceiver ........................................................................................................................................ 189
Rotor Transceiver ......................................................................................................................................... 190
Interface........................................................................................................................................................ 191

Patient Table ................................................................................................................................ 192


Overview ............................................................................................................................................................ 192
Patient Table Motion Control Board ................................................................................................................... 193
Patient Table Motion Control Board LEDs.................................................................................................... 194
UCOM Card ....................................................................................................................................................... 196
Patient Table Actuator Driver Card .................................................................................................................... 196
Actuator Driver Board LEDs ......................................................................................................................... 196
Patient Table Vertical Position ........................................................................................................................... 197
Tilt Envelope Protection ..................................................................................................................................... 198
Horizontal Movement ......................................................................................................................................... 199
Horizontal Limit Switches, Float Button ........................................................................................................ 199
Patient Table Calibration.................................................................................................................................... 200

Workspace ................................................................................................................................... 201


Overview ............................................................................................................................................................ 201
Workspace Block Diagram................................................................................................................................. 204
Console .............................................................................................................................................................. 205
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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Contents
Overview....................................................................................................................................................... 205
Operators Table ........................................................................................................................................... 205
Monitor.......................................................................................................................................................... 206
Keyboard ...................................................................................................................................................... 206
Mouse ........................................................................................................................................................... 206
CTBOX ......................................................................................................................................................... 207
Overview ................................................................................................................................................. 207
CTBOX Functional Description ............................................................................................................... 208
CTBOX Controls...................................................................................................................................... 209
CTBOX Main Boards............................................................................................................................... 211
Computer Rack .................................................................................................................................................. 212
Overview....................................................................................................................................................... 212
UPS (Optional).............................................................................................................................................. 215
Determining On Battery Run Time .......................................................................................................... 215
UPS Front Panel ..................................................................................................................................... 215
Troubleshooting the UPS ........................................................................................................................ 218
PDU .............................................................................................................................................................. 221
Switch Power Supply .................................................................................................................................... 223
CT-Box Console Interface Board.................................................................................................................. 224
Network Switch ............................................................................................................................................. 225
Overview ................................................................................................................................................. 225
Site Preparation....................................................................................................................................... 225
Booting the Switch................................................................................................................................... 226
Switch Port Configuration........................................................................................................................ 227
LED Definitions........................................................................................................................................ 228
PC Computer ..................................................................................................................................................... 231
Overview....................................................................................................................................................... 231
T5400 Computer ..................................................................................................................................... 231
T5500 Computer ..................................................................................................................................... 232
Windows XP ................................................................................................................................................. 232
About RAID Configurations ..................................................................................................................... 233
RAID Level 0 ........................................................................................................................................... 233

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Contents
Dell T5400 .................................................................................................................................................... 235
Front View of Dell T5400 Workstation..................................................................................................... 235
Controls and Lights ................................................................................................................................. 236
Rear View of Dell T5400 Workstation ..................................................................................................... 237
T5400 Host Computer Block Diagram .......................................................................................................... 238
T5400 System Board Components............................................................................................................... 239
Connect Devices to T5400 ........................................................................................................................... 241
Audio Port................................................................................................................................................ 241
Parallel Port Connector ........................................................................................................................... 241
USB 2.0 Connector ................................................................................................................................. 241
Microphone Port ...................................................................................................................................... 241
PS/2 Mouse Connector ........................................................................................................................... 242
PS/2 Keyboard Connector....................................................................................................................... 242
T5400 Computer Troubleshooting and Diagnostics ..................................................................................... 243
Overview ................................................................................................................................................. 243
System Shutdown Procedure.................................................................................................................. 243
Network Testing ...................................................................................................................................... 243
Diagnostic with the DELL Diagnostics Tools........................................................................................... 245
Dell Diagnostics Main Menu.................................................................................................................... 247
DELL Precision T5400 Trouble Shooting Lights ..................................................................................... 249
Dell T5500 .................................................................................................................................................... 257
Front View of Dell T5500 Workstation..................................................................................................... 257
Controls and Lights ................................................................................................................................. 258
Rear View of Dell T5500 Workstation ..................................................................................................... 259
T5500 Computer Block Diagram .................................................................................................................. 260
Connect Devices to T5500 ........................................................................................................................... 261
Audio Port................................................................................................................................................ 261
Parallel Port Connector ........................................................................................................................... 261
USB 2.0 Connector ................................................................................................................................. 261
Microphone Port ...................................................................................................................................... 261
PS/2 Mouse Connector ........................................................................................................................... 262
PS/2 Keyboard Connector....................................................................................................................... 262
T5500 Computer Troubleshooting and Diagnostics ..................................................................................... 263
Overview ................................................................................................................................................. 263
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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision C

Contents
System Shutdown Procedure.................................................................................................................. 263
Network Testing ...................................................................................................................................... 263
Diagnostic with the DELL Diagnostics Tools........................................................................................... 265
Dell Diagnostics Main Menu.................................................................................................................... 267
DELL Precision T5500 Trouble Shooting Lights ..................................................................................... 269

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Introduction
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Introduction

The MX 16-slice CT scanners are Philips value scanners that provide:


Simple, reliable operation for small and medium patient loads
Philips image quality for diagnostic confidence
Compact design for installation in most pre-existing rooms
Multi-slice technology multiplies performance and flexibility
Sub-second rotation and reconstruction for fast, motion-free images
Sub-millimeter slices for exceptional detail

MX 16-slice CT is a multi-slice CT for every hospital and clinic.


MX 16-slice CT provides more power and tube capacity for heavy patient loads, hard to image anatomy, and
advanced applications.

How this Manual is Organized


This manual provides the information necessary to service the MX 16-slice CT scanners. The manual is organized in
chapters according to the major system components that contain an engineering description of the subassemblies of
each main component.
This manual is presented in a new format that complies with Philips Healthcare service documentation. Its landscape
format is intended for easy viewing on the Field Service Engineers computer. In addition to the bookmarks displayed in
Acrobat Reader, the user can take advantage of the Tables of Contents in the beginning of the manual. These
navigation tools enable the FSE to find the necessary information quickly.

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Applicable Documents
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Applicable Documents
For instructions on detection of faulty components, refer to the MX 16-slice CT Troubleshooting Manual.

For repair procedures of system components (FRUField Replacement Units) refer to the following manuals:
MX 16-slice CT Gantry Repair & Replacement Manual
MX 16-slice CT Patient Table Repair & Replacement Manual
MX 16-slice CT Workspace Repair & Replacement Manual

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System Overview
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

System Overview

System Specifications
Scan
Max FOV: 500mm
Scan Time:
Standard: 0.6, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0Sec, for full 360 scans, partial 240 scans 0.5 Sec (@0.75/360 degree rotation);
Optional: 0.5Sec, for full 360 scans, partial 240 scans 0.33 Sec (@0.5/360 degree rotation)
Spiral Exposure: up to 100sec. of uninterrupted spiral scanning
Spiral Pitch: Spiral pitches from 0.2 to1.5 in 0.1 increment
Scan Length: MAX 1500mm

Detector
Solid state
672 (16 * 42), 24 Rows, 16 * 0.75mm, 8 * 1.5mm, Max Coverage is 24mm @1.5mm collimation increments.

Reconstruction
6 Image per Sec (Standard)

Display Monitor - 19 inch LCD


Archive - CD-RW drive

Slice Collimator:
0.75mm
1.5mm
3mm
4.5mm
6mm
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System Specifications
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

9mm
12mm

Gantry
Gantry Aperture: 700 mm diameter
Max Gantry Tilt: +/- 30 0.5
Resolution: 0.1

Patient Table
Horizontal Speed: 0.5 to 100mm/Sec.
Horizontal Position Accuracy: 0.1mm
Vertical Range: 430 to 980mm
Vertical Speed: 2.5 to 50mm/Sec.
Table Load Capacity: 200 kg with full accuracy
1500 mm scannable range

Image
Spatial Resolution
High Resolution mode: 15 lp/cm@cut off (less than 40mGy)
Standard Resolution mode: 12 lp/cm@cut off (less than 40mGy)
Noise: <=0.35% (less than 40mGy)
Low contrast resolution: 4.0mm@0.3%(less than 40mGy)

Vertical carbon brush and RF Slip Ring

Generator
Output: 50kW
90, 120, 140 kVp
30420mA
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System Specifications
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Spiral Scan Time


100 sec

Tube
Dunlee CTR2150CEPN 5.0M
Single filament
Two grids
Focal Spot: 0.5 X 1.3mm(Small); 1.0 X 1.3mm (Large)
Maximum cooling rate: 6kw/8.40kHU/sec

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System Connections
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

System Connections
OPERATORS CONSOLE On-site
220VAC Power In

Left GANTRY Right Isolation Transformer


Switching
UPS (Optional)/ Power

PDU
(optional)
P/S 380VAC Stabilizer (Optional)
J2-
Data RX/TX CMD RECEIVER
Console
CAN X7-2076
Interface E-stop & Intercom X6-2076 X-ray ON Lamp

Network X7-2060 Door Interlock


LAN
LAN Switch
Add-In
OnBoard
Console Card Optical
Card
P.C.
ECG CCT
Computer Rack (Optional)

B-Code
(Optional)

24V
CAN
LAN
Video Output 1

Power
CAN

Monitor
Emergency
Intercom

Keyboard

GND
Mouse

CT-Box Hospital
Net
Workspace (DICOM) Video Output 2

Figure 1: System Connection


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System Diagram
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

System Diagram

Gantry Stator
ECG
Pulmonary Accessory
CCT Signals
Injector
Gantry
Audio
Gantry Rotor
Ucom
Gantry
Power Unit Rotor Laser
Couch
Gantry
Display A-Plane
E-stop
System
Ucom Filter

Gantry HV
Host Motor Tube
Generator
CTBOX
Gantry Tilt
CAN & system
TCP/IP

1GB LAN
Ucom coaxial coaxial
cable cable
TCP/IP GPC Stator Control Contact Rotor Control
Slipring Board

Interface
Board

Slipring
Interface
Slipring
Hotlink Hotlink Ucom Data Link
Console Computer
Data_ACK
DRC Capacitive DMS
Optical Fiber 1.2G
Card Slipring Reference
Detector

Figure 2: System Diagram

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System Scan Modes
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

System Scan Modes

Surview Scan
In the Surview scan, the Gantry remains stationary after it has been set to the specified position with X-ray ON, and the
Patient Table with the patient on it keeps its horizontal motion at uniform speed.
The image derived from Surview (pilot) Scan is used for positioning of Axial and Helical Scans. There are two kinds of
Surview Scans:
Anterior/Posterior (X-ray tube at 180 degrees)
Lateral (X-ray tube at 90 degrees)
The Surview (pilot) Scan length range is from 50mm to 1400mm.

Axial Scan
Axial scans are commonly used. While scanning, the Gantry rotates at the set speed, and the Patient Table with the
patient on it remains stationary.
In continuous scanning, X-ray turns off after scanning and slice and the Gantry continues to rotate. The Patient Table
advances to the next scanning position. The Gantry then begins scanning the next slice with X-ray on.
The process is repeated continuously until the desired patient area has been scanned.

Helical Scan
In Helical scans, the Patient Table moves horizontally while the Gantry rotates. The scan parameters include rotation
speed, slice thickness (or collimator thickness), scan interval, and pitch, etc.

Manual Scan
The Manual Scan mode is only used for production, service, it is used to diagnostic the system components fault or
trouble, the manual scan includes:
No X-rays
No rotation
No acquisition

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System Scan Modes
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Functional Scan
This mode enables performing a series of scans by specifying the number of times and the cycle times to repeatedly
perform a particular scan protocol.
The Minimum Inter Scan Delay <= 1 Sec (from the end of current slice acquisition to the start of next slice acquisition,
and for bolus-tracking the start of next acquisition must be after the current slice image has been reconstructed)
NOTE For advanced information on scan modes, refer to the MX 16-slice CT User Guide.

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System Components
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

System Components

The system is comprised of five major components:


Gantry on page 11
Patient Table on page 13
Workspace on page 13
Isolation Transformer on page 13 (optional)
ECG/CCT Injector on page 13 (optional)
Acronyms on page 15

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Gantry
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry
The Gantry consists of two major subsystems: Gantry Stationary Part and Gantry Rotating Part.

Gantry Stationary Part

1. Gantry Rotation Motor Servo or


Gantry Frequency Convertor
(G103)
2. Main Drive Motor Power Supply
Transformer
3. Temperature Sensor/Rotation
Zero Position Board
4. Gantry Main Drive Motor or
Gantry Frequency Conversion 3
Motor (M101)

2
1

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Gantry
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry Rotating Part

1. DMS Power Supply (G201, G202,


G203, G204)
2. DMS Power Supply Transformer 9
3. A-Plane
4. Slice Thickness Detection Board
(not shown) 7
3
5. Z-Position Detection Board (not
shown)
15 10
6. Filter Position Detection Board
(not shown)
7. Reference Converter
8. 24V Power Supply (G206) (not
shown) 11
2
9. X-Ray Tube
10. Inverter Box (X3815) or Tank
Control Unit (Fironia-50)
11. High Voltage Box or Power 12
Inverter Unit (Fironia-50)
12. DMS ASSY 1
13. DMS FRUs (Not shown)
14. Monitor Detector ASSY (Not
shown)
15. Stepping Motor Servo A/B (G207,
G208)
19. 5/12V Power Supply (G205) (Not shown)
16. Compensator Step Motor ASSY
(Not shown) 20. Gantry Rotor Laser Marker ASSY (Not shown)
17. A-Plane Step Motor ASSY (Not 21. R-Host ASSY (Include Rotor Control Board and UCOM Board) (Not shown)
shown) 22. UCOM Board (on Rotor Control Board) (Not shown)
18. Rotor Control Board (Not shown)

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Gantry
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Patient Table
The Patient Table includes the following main functions:
1. Positioning the Patient Table in the Gantry bore for the scan (in Z direction).
2. Spiral and Interventional CT options by accurately synchronizing the table movements with the system exposures.
3. The spindle is used to raise and lower the Patient Table (i.e., move it vertically).

Workspace
The Workspace performs the following functions:
Enables the operator to plan the patient examination procedure by activating the scanning function of the system
Enables audio communication between the patient and the Operator
Acquires and stores RAW data on the hard drive of the PC computer
Reconstructs the RAW data
Enables viewing of images on the LCD monitor
Performs real-time viewing
Performs post-processing including graphical manipulation (via Console mouse) and image analysis
Enables filming, printing, and storage on Local / Remote storage device (PACS)

Isolation Transformer
The Isolation Transformer (Voltage regulator) receives local voltage (in the range of 220VAC to 480VAC) from the site
and outputs three phase 380VAC to the Gantry and one phase 220VAC from Gantry to the Patient Table and Computer
Rack (part of Workspace).

ECG/CCT Injector
ECG
The ECG signal represents the heart beat and is used to determine when the heart is motionless. This is the
ideal point to make a cardiac exam. Making exams while the heart is moving will cause motion artifacts.
CCT Injector
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Gantry
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

A monitor is needed in the Scan Room for a doctor controlled biopsy


Interactive Speech is needed between the Scan Room and the Control Room
The laser markers should be lit while performing a CCT Scan for positioning or reference point

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Gantry
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Acronyms
Table 1: Acronyms

Abbrev. Meaning

AGND Analog ground

AS Restart Lock, option

BTB/RTOBTB/RTO Ready to operate

CAN Fieldbus (CANopen)

CE Communite Europenne (EC)

CLK Clock signal

COM Serial interface for a PC-AT

DGND Digital ground

DIN German Institute for industrial Standards

Disk Magnetic storage (diskette, hard disk)

EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

EMC Electromagnetic compatibility

EMI Electromagnetic interference

EN European standard

ESD Electrostatic discharge

IEC International Electrotechnical Commission

IGBT Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor

INC Incremental Interface

ISO International Standardization Organization

LED Light Emitting Diode

MB Megabyte

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Gantry
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 1: Acronyms

Abbrev. Meaning

MS-DOS Operating system for PC-AT

NI Zero pulse

NSTOP Limit-switch input for CCW rotation

PC-AT Personal computer with 80x86 Processor

PELV Protected low voltage

PGND Ground for the interface

PSTOP Limit-switch input for CW rotation

PWM Pulse-Width Modulation

RAM Volatile memory

Rregen Regen resistor

Rbext External regen resistor

RBint Internal regen resistor

RES Resolver

ROD 426 A quad B encoder

PLC Programmable Logic Controller

SRAM Static RAM

SSI Synchronous Serial Interface

UL Underwriters Laboratory

VAC AC voltage

VDC DC voltage

VDE Verein Deutscher Elektrotechniker

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Data and Signal Communication
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Data and Signal Communication


Slip Ring Stator

G-Host ASSY
Patient Table

Rotation Motor
M Servo 7&3,3
PCI GPC ASSY UCom
Rotation Motor Board
Temperature Motion
Sensor/ Zero P Control Board

R-Stop
R-Stop switch
SPI
Recieve UCom Board
Stator Control Board CAN

Manual 7&3,3
Control Panel
TCP/IP

Tilt Switch/
P Potentiometer TCP/IP

TCP/IP UDP
Left Front
Operator Panel

CAN
ECG & CCT
Interface TCP/IP
UCom
Slip Ring Transceiver Box

Transmit
Couch Code
ABZ

IDC40
Right Front

CAN
Power Supply Operator Panel
+5V/12V/24V

UCom

CAN
Gantry Interface Board

M
Power Supply Terminal

Left Panel E-Stop


Front Cover Switch
Tilt Motor Tilt Strut Detect
Foot Switch

CTBOX E-Stop & Console Intercom


Door

Navigation Board
Switch
Power Supply

Data RX/TX CMD


Power Control Board

Breathing
+24V

E-Stop Loop
Cover

Warning
Fans

Light

CAN
Voltage Ok
Receiver Box

Data
Receiving
Card

Voltage
Main Contactor Main Switch
Monitor Relay
CTBOX

3 Phase 380V Console


Neutral

Figure 3: Stator Data Signal Flow

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Data and Signal Communication
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Slip Ring
9KVAC
DC_Rail AC/Inv 380VAC
Tube

Terminal
HV Box

Supply
Power
Starter Control Control Signal Box

HV Command and State Feedback


KV,mA,Fil,GM Reference and Feedback UCOM

Temperature Switch Status


Rot_Index
Power Supply
AP_0&AP_90

Slip ring R-Stop Terminal


+24v A-Plane
Control A-Plane_cmd_bus+Strobe
Module
A-Plane Box Motor A Step Motor Driver A
A-Plane_Status_Buffer R-Stop
Motor B Step Motor Driver B
Xray On
Reference

Reference
Detector
Convert

Encoder B Filter Detection Board Rot_Index

Z Position
Detection
Board

Slip Ring Interface Module


AP_0
Slice Thickness
Encoder A Detection Board Even_rea

HV Couch&ECG Code+Strobe
Data & Control Control Command

Slip ring Transceiver


Variable MA Data+Strobe
Monitor Data + Strobe Module Ring Signal
Start HV_On

Box
HV_Cmd_Bus+Strobe Couch
Encoder
Philips BR 16 DMS HV_Status_Buffer
Xray_On
RCOM
HV drop Make_Data Abort_cmd
Fiber AP_0&AP_90

Collimator Z-Position + Strobe Rot_Index


DMS
KV,mA,Filament,Grid1,Gride2,

Transmitter Box
Control DMS_cmd_Bus+Strobe
DC_Rail+Strobe
Module DMS_Status_Buffer
DMS Power
+5.75
Comm_Ok
-5.75 DMS I/F
+3.4
+24 Power Supply
+5v
+12v Rotor Control Board
Fiber
Figure 4: Rotor Data Signal Flow (HV Generator X3815)

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Data and Signal Communication
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Rotor Slip Ring


DC Bus
DC Power
Tank Control Power 380VAc
Tube

Terminal
Control Feedback

Supply
Power
Starter Control Inverter Unit
Unit Inverter drive feedback

HV Command and State Feedback


KV,mA,Fil,GM Reference and Feedback
UCOM
Temperature Switch Status
Rot_Index
Power Supply AP_0&AP_90

Slip ring E-stop Terminal


+24v A-Plane
Control A-Plane_cmd_bus+Strobe
A-Plane Box Motor A Step Motor Driver Module
A-Plane_Status_Buffer R_Stop
Motor B Step Motor Driver
Xray On
Reference

Reference
Detector
Convert

Encoder B Filter Detection Board Rot_Index

Z Position
Detection
Board

Slip Ring Interface Module


AP_0
Slice Thickness
Encoder A Even_rea
Detection Board
HV Couch&ECG Code+Strobe
Control Command

Slip ring Transceiver


Variable MA Data+Strobe
Monitor Data + Strobe Module Ring Signal
Data & Control Stat HV_On

Box
HV_Cmd_Bus+Strobe Rotor
Encode
Philips BR 16 DMS HV_Status_Bus
Xray_On
RCOM
HV drop Make Data Abort_cmd
Fiber AP_0&AP_90
Collimator Z-Position + Strobe Rot_Index
DMS
KV,mA,Filament,Grid1,Gride2, DMS_cmd_Bus+Strobe

Transmitter Box
Control
DC_Rail+Strobe
Module DMS_Status_Bus
DMS Power
+5.75
Comm_Ok
-5.75 DMS I/F
+3.4
+24
Stator Control Board
Fiber
Figure 5: Rotor Data Signal Flow (HV Generator Fironia-50)

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UCOM Board
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

UCOM Board

Figure 6: UCOM Board


UCOM Boards make up the CAN network for hardware communication (Normal Working Module)
UCOM Boards make up the Ethernet and connect with the Console computer for Firmware download (Service Working
Module)
UCOM provides a calculation interface for the component control board and assists in calculations (UCOM of RHost for
focal spot tracking) us tracing and dose modulation calculations)

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UCOM Board
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

UCOM monitors the operation status of the component control board and monitors the firmware download status

Console

Console
CTBox
Gantry Stator Computer

Ucom Ucom

Left Front Panel Right Front Panel

Patient Table
Ucom
Ucom Gantry Rotor
Patient Table Motion Ucom
Slip Ring System
Control Board Gantry Stator Control Board
Rotor Control Board

CAN

Ethernet
HotLink

Figure 7: UCOM Communication Flow

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UCOM Board
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

CAN (Controller Area Network) Network


The CAN network is the hardware communication platform on system. It connects with the following boards:
Patient Table Motion Control Board
Front Left Operator Panel
Front Right Operator Panel
CTBOX
Gantry Stator Control Board

CAN communication is an interconnection of several data processing systems or intelligent terminals that are called a
data network.
The CAN communication network is built up as a electric current loop. The two wires are labeled COMMPOS and
COMMNEG.
Via this CAN bus, all necessary parameters and commands are distributed to assure safe operation and on-line display
of system position on the Gantry Control Panels and CTBOX (i.e. Patient Table horizontal position, Patient Table
Height, Gantry Tilt Angle).

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UCOM Board
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

The CAN network communication baud rate is 921Kbps.

UCom for Rotor


(Collimator &
HV &
DMS)

UCom for (Stator


Control Board) &
(Gantry)

UCom for UCom for


Front Left Panel Front Right Panel

UCom for
Couch

CTBOX

Figure 8:

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UCOM Board
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Ethernet (Firmware Download) Network


The Ethernet network is the Firmware Download online platform. It connects with the following boards:
Patient Table Motion Control Board
Front Left Operator Panel
Front Right Operator Panel
Console Computer
Gantry Stator Control Board
The Ethernet network is used to upload and download FPGA firmware from or to the control boards. It can also be used
for troubleshooting purposes.

UCom for Rotor


UCom for (Collimator &
Front Right Panel HV &
DMS)

UCom for (Stator


UCom for
Control Board) &
Front Left Panel
(Gantry)

Console

PC104
UCom for
Couch

Figure 9:

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UCOM Board
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Ethernet IP Address and CAN ID


Table 2: Ethernet IP address and CAN ID

Part Ethernet IP Address CAN ID

Stator Control Board 192.168.60.101 2

GPC (Rotor Control Board) 192.168.60.100 5

Patient Table 192.168.60.104 3

Front Left Panel 192.168.60.102 0

Front Right Panel 192.168.60.103 1

Console PC 192.168.60.10 N/A

CTBOX N/A 2

Assist Calculate Unit


The UCOM Calculation Unit is for Focus Tracing and Dose Right Calculation. The Assist Calculation Unit respond
calculation requirements of component, posts the message through the parallel interface, and sets the UCOM Status
Lights through the Parallel interface.
The UCOM on Rotor Control Board uses this functionality.

Monitor Status Unit


Monitors the Component Baseboard Unit status.
Posts required diagnostic messages or error response.
If necessary, transfers the error message to the console through CAN or Ethernet.

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Power Supply
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Power Supply
The main power supply of system is 3-Phase, 1 Neutral and 1 Ground Wire (3 phase wye, 5 wire power supply system).
Power capacity is not lower than 80kVA

Frequency: 501Hz
Voltage: 3 Phase 380V10%, 400V10%
Load efficiency factor: not more than 5%
Three-phase unbalance factor: not more than 5%
Net power supply shall have surge protection
Transient voltage: not more than 1000V (peak voltage) in the duration of smaller than 100ns
Ground resistance: not more than 4. When connected to a public ground the resistance should be less than 1.
Ground wire of equipment must be connected to the ground wire of Transformer.

Power supply block diagrams are shown in the following links:


Gantry Stator Distribution on page 27
Gantry Rotor Power Distribution on page 28
Patient Table Power Distribution on page 29
Workspace Power Distribution on page 30

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Power Supply
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry Stator Distribution

Contactor Rotor
380VAC/2phase 380VAC Gantry Rotor
KM101 QF102

220VAC/1 phase
G103
Contactor M102
X102 T101 Main Driver Servo or
KM103 Tc=125 Main driver motor
Inverter
380VAC
Right Side
Panel
24VDC
Main Driver
QF104
X104 Left Side
5VDC 5VDC Laser Mark
Contactor Panel
X101 F102 380VAC
KM102 Switch Power 5V/12V/
X103
K101 G101 24VDC Command
Were deleted Stator 12VDC R/S Board
380VAC

(Direct Current) X102 T102


QF105 12VDC
220VAC
5V/12V/24VDC Data
Receive
Wall Box
Switch Power
Box 24VDC X103
G102
G-Host 5V/12VDC
220VAC Gantry Signal
Cooling Fan Interface
X102 GPC
EV101~104 Board
F101
Zero Position
Power Control Voltage OK 24V 5VDC & Temperature
220VAC Board Detector Board
220VAC E-Stop
Switch
Contactor DC24V
SA102 M101
KM104
Tilt Motor

Patient Table
220VAC Patient Table
QF106

Console
220VAC Workspace
QF107

Figure 10: Stator Power Distribution

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Power Supply
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry Rotor Power Distribution

Tube Exchanger Fans


220VAC F201 X202 220VAC

Tube Exchanger Pump

G201
+3.4V

G202
T201
220VAC QF201 X202 220VAC +5.75V
1:1
DMS System
G203
-5.75V

G204
+24V 5VDC Laser Mark 1

Power Power
QF102 380VAC 380VAC X201
Brush Ring
G205
5/12VDC R-Host 5VDC Laser Mark 2
5,12,24V

T202
220VAC F202 X202 Command
1:1 12VDC
R/S Board

G207 12VDC
24VDC
Step Servo A
G206 Data Send
220VAC F203 X202 24V Box
220VAC
G208
24VDC
Step Servo B

HV

380VAC

Figure 11: Rotor Power Distribution

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Power Supply
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Patient Table Power Distribution

Figure 12:

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Power Supply
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Workspace Power Distribution

Fan 2
220VAC

Fan 1

Console
Monitor
220VAC UPS
Breaker T401 Console DVD-
220VAC PDU 5VDC
QF107 1:1 Computer R/W

220VAC Network Switch

Console
220VAC G401 5/12VDC Interface
Board

Figure 13: Console Power Distribution

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Gantry System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry System

Gantry system includes:


Gantry Stator Control System on page 32
GPC on page 73
Control Panel on page 82
Gantry Motion on page 85
Gantry Rotor Control System on page 87
High Voltage System and X-ray Tube on page 93
Collimator System on page 130
DMS on page 150
Laser Marker on page 184
Slip Ring on page 187

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry Stator Control System

Stator Control System Functions

Functions for Motion


Rotation
Tilt
Gantry motion safety (including collision)
Gantry temperature control
Gantry Cover open signal
Foot Switch signal

Functions for Communication


PCI interface with GPC
Transceiver interface with Slip Ring
R-stop control
Couch position transfer
Stator CAN Bus control
Critical scan flow control, scan syc (low level)
Status transfer (Can, GPC, Rotor)
ECG handling
Firmware download (to rotor)
EEPROM

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Stator Control Board

Main Components

GPC

Stator Control
Board

UCOM

Figure 14: Stator Control Board

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Functions:
Gantry Motion Control: Max Speed 2 revolutions/s, Max Acceleration Time 18s, Gantry Rotation Resolution <1,
Positive Tilt maximum Angle +30, Negative Tilt minimum Angle -30, Tilt Angle Resolution 0.1, Time for Full Travel
(from +30 to -30) not more than 40s, E-stop tilt moves range <0.5, Provide travel limits curve
Gantry front cavity temperature control: Temperature range 24C to 28C, Detector Resolution 0.5C
Provide ECG interface. ECG analog signal frequency 500Hz, 12Bit AD, analog value input range <3V
Receive the couch horizontal pulse and convert it into position data, transfer the horizontal position to Rotor Control
Board through the Slipring
Communication via CAN to CTBOX, to send commands to Couch and Gantry and receive position feedback from
both.
Transfer the net power status and X-ray on status to Power Control Board
Hotlink communication with Rotor Control Board
Use PCI protocol to communicate with console, the PCI protocol base on GPC
Receive and handle rotation Zero Signal
Provide the Foot Switch, Door Switch and Front Cover Switch signal interface
With panel and couch compose the Ethernet for firmware download

Module descriptions
a. Gantry Rotation Control Module
The Gantry Rotation System includes the Servo System, Gantry Rotation Belt and Rotor. There are two control
modes - Position Control Mode and Torque Control Mode.
Position Control Mode is used in normal operation, Torque Control Mode is used in Gantry Rotor Balance
operation.
The MAX Rotation Pulse Freq. is 250KHz even though only 128KHz is used.
In Torque Control Mode, the Stator Control Board sends analog signal to the Servo.
The Input Analog Voltage 10V, analog voltage Resolution is 1.25mV, Input Register is 20K.

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

b. Gantry Tilt Control Module


The Gantry Tilt Control Module includes the Tilt Motor, Tilt Angle Measure Potentiometer, and Tilt Logic Control
Mode.
The Tilt Motor Power Supply is DC 24V.
The Tilt Angle is measured by the Tilt Angle Measure Potentiometer. Potentiometer resistance value 1K 4.
The Gantry tilt range is 30, the title Angle Resolution is 0.1, the tilt measurement voltage changes 13.5mV for
per 0.1 tilt angle.
c. Temperature and Zero Position Detect Module
The Gantry Front Cavity temperature range should be between 24C and 28C. The temperature detect board is
combined with the Zero Position Detect function.
When the Gantry Front Cavity temperature is higher than 27 C, the Cover Fans turn on.
When the Gantry Front Cavity temperature is lower than 25 C, the Cover Fans turn off.
The temperature detect error is approximately 0.5C. One Zero position pulse will be output while the rotor
rotates one circle.
d. ECG Interface Module
There are two types of ECG modes that are supported, prospective and retrospective.
Each optional ECG monitor or interface module provides two outputs. The first is a sync signal, R-pulse, which is
derived from the R-wave portion of the ECG signal. The second is the ECG signal itself, which is the digitized
ECG waveform.
The Stator Control System supplies the Electrocardio Analog Signal Interface for the Cardio-Scan function. The
input Analog Range 2V, A/D Transform Resolution10 Bit, Sampling Freq. 500Hz.
e. PCI Interface Module
The PCI interface Module provides eight pieces 32bit I/O operation address.
f. HotLink Interface Module
Sends the Data Link packet to the Receiver and resets the Sending Overtime Counter.
Performs the CRC when receiving the return packet. If there is a fault, abandons the packet, or distinguishes the
ACK/NAK packet.
g. Door Switch and Front Cover Switch Signal Detect Module
The Front Cover Switch is used to detect CT Front Cover status. While the Gantry Front Cover is open, if the
switch is pulled out, it will protect the engineer from the Gantry suddenly rotating. Usually when a panel is

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

opened the switch will open to prevent rotation. The switch needs to be pulled out to disable the switch and allow
rotation of the Gantry with the panel opened. This will therefore NOT protect the engineer from sudden rotation.

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Stator Control Board Interface


Slip Ring Stator Control
GPC UCOM
Command Board
Temperature
sensor/Zero
Position

R-STOP

Slip Ring
Interface Board

X2
Auto/Manual
Control Panel

X1 Rotation
Motor Servo
Control
X6,X7 Ethernet
Interface
X3 Tilt
Potentiometer /Tilt
limit

X4 peripheral
interface

CAN
Power for Interface
Stator Control
Board

IDC40 Cable

Gantry Interface
Board

Tilt Motor Patient Table Rotor


Foot Switch Power Breathing Left Side Couch Console Cable
Control Horizontal Encoding
Interface Control Board Navigation E-stop Loudhailer Interface
Interface Code Board

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

1. X1 Rotation Motor Servo Control Interface


Table 3: X1 Rotation Motor Servo Control Interface

DB 15
Signals Interface
AMP 787683-1

1 DGND DGND

9 FP_SRV_WARERR

2 SRV_ENABLE

10 SRV_OPMODE

3 DGND DGND

11 SRV_PULSE

12

5 SRV_ANALOG-OUT

13 AGND

6 SRV_BTB

14 DGND DGND

7 SRV_ANALOG-IN

15 AGND

Shield GND PE Shield protect GND

2. X2 Auto/Manual Control interface

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Table 4: X2 Auto/Manual Control interface

MTA100-8
Signals Interface
AMP 640456-8

1 DGND DGND

2 MANUAL_TILT+ manual positive tilt signal

3 MANUAL_TILT- manual negative tilt signal

4 DGND DGND

5 MANUAL_AUTO manual/auto signal

6 A-8V analog -8V power supply

7 MANUAL_VOLTAGE manual input rotation analog interface

8 A+8V analog +8V power supply

3. X3 tilt potentiometer and tilt limit interface


Table 5: X3 tilt potentiometer and tilt limit interface

DB9
Signals Interface
AMP 750678-1

1 A+8V analog +8V power supply

6 TILT_VOLTAGE tilt angle voltage (+8V, -8V)

2 A-8V analog -8V power supply

3 DGND DGND

8 TILT_LIMIT+ positive tilt limit

4 DGND DGND

9 TILT_LIMIT- negative tilt limit

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

4. X4 peripheral interface such as ECG, CCT footswitch


Table 6: X4 peripheral interface such as ECG, CCT footswitch

DB9
Signals Interface
AMP 750678-1

1 ECG_ANALOG_VOLTAGE

6 I1GND

2 ECG_R_TRIGGER

7 ECG_R_RETURN

Shield GND PE Shield protect GND

5. X5
6. X6-X7 Ethernet network interface
Ethernet long-distance download interface for operation console connected to GPC and boards on stator
Table 7: Ethernet network interface

RJ45-8
Signals
AMP 557969-1

1 TX (3,2)+

2 TX (3,2)-

3 RX (3,2)+

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Table 7: Ethernet network interface

RJ45-8
Signals
AMP 557969-1

6 RX (3,2)-

7. X8 patient table Ethernet network interface


Table 8: X8 patient table Ethernet network interface

MOLEX 70545-
Signals Rotation Zero position interface
0038

1 RX1+

2 RX1-

3 TX1+

4 TX1-

8. X10 Ethernet network and GPC transformer interface


Table 9: X10 Ethernet network and GPC transformer interface

SAMTEC
Signals Interface
IDC10-2mm

3 RX4+

4 RX4-

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 9: X10 Ethernet network and GPC transformer interface

SAMTEC
Signals Interface
IDC10-2mm

9 TX4+

10 TX4-

9. X11 GPC power supply interface


Table 10: X11 GPC power supply interface

MTA-100-8
Signals Interface
AMP 640456-8

1 +5V Stator Control Board digital power supply +5V

2 +5V Stator Control Board digital power supply +5V

3 +5V Stator Control Board digital power supply +5V

4 DGND Power GND

5 DGND Power GND

6 DGND Power GND

7 DGND Power GND

8 +12V Stator Control Board digital power supply +12V

10. X12 SPI temperature detector interface


Table 11: X12 SPI temperature detector interface

MODEX
Signals Interface
70545-0042

1 +5V Stator Control Board digital power supply +5V

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 11: X12 SPI temperature detector interface

MODEX
Signals Interface
70545-0042

2 DGND DGND

3 TEM(1,2)_SC+ Positive clock differential signal of SPI temperature detector

4 TEM(1,2)_SC- Negative clock differential signal of SPI temperature detector

5 TEM(1,2)_SI+ Positive data differential signal of SPI temperature detector

6 TEM(1,2)_SI- Negative data differential signal of SPI temperature detector

7 ZERO+ Positive differential signal of rotation zero position

8 ZERO- Negative differential signal of rotation zero position

11. X13 Slip Ring interface


Table 12: X13 Slip Ring interface

MOLEX
Signal Interface
70545-0038

1 +12V Stator Control Board digital power supply +12V

2 DGND DGND

3 DGND DGND

Term A Positive differential pulse output of Patient Table


4 BED_A+
Horizontal Encoder

Term A Negative differential pulse output of Patient Table


5 BED_A-
Horizontal Encoder

12. X14 Slip Ring R-stop signal interface

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Table 13: X14 Slip Ring R-stop signal interface

PHOENIX
Signal Interface
MSTBVA2.5/2-G5.08

1 R-STOP stop rotation signal

2 PE protective GND

13. X15-X16 Slip Ring command interface


SMB, Amphenol SMB1251B1-3GT30G-50
Hotlink protocol PECL differential signal
14. X17 Stator Control Board power supply
Table 14: X17 Stator Control Board power supply

MKDS-2
Signal Interface
MKDS1.5/2-5.08 (3)

1 +24V 24V power supply for Stator Control Board

2 +12V 12V power supply for Stator Control Board

3 -12V

4 DGND

5 +5V

6 DGND

7 +5V

8 DGND

15. X18 Stator Control Board and GPC interface


16. X19 Stator Control Board and UCom 100PIN interface
17. X20 Stator Control board and Gantry Interface Board

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Table 15: X20 Stator Control board and Gantry Interface Board

Signal

1 +24V 24V power supply

2 DGND DGND

3 +24V 24V power supply

4 T_POS gantry positive tilt

5 T_STOP gantry tilt enable

6 T_NEG gantry negative tilt

7 FP_TILTRELAY_P gantry positive tilt detector interface

gantry negative tilt and enable detector


8 FP_TILTRELAY_SN
interface

9 +5V +5V power supply

10 DGND DGND

11

12 TILT_DETECT tilt detector interface

13 FP_FOOT1_C1 footswitch contactor 1

14 FRONTCOVER_SWITCH front cover switch

15 FP_FOOT1_C2 footswitch contactor 2

Term A negative differential pulse output of


16 COUCH_A0
Patient Table Horizontal Encoder

Term A Positive differential pulse output of


17 COUCH_A1
Patient Table Horizontal Encoder

18 FP_BED_ZERO patient table horizontal zero position

Term B Positive signal of Patient Table


19 FP_BED_B
Horizontal Encoder

20 FP_ROT_B Term B pulse for rotation motor servo

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Table 15: X20 Stator Control board and Gantry Interface Board

Signal

21 FP_ROT_A Term A pulse for rotation motor servo

22 FP_VOLT_K main power supply voltage status

23 FP_DOOR_SW scan room door switch

24 FANS cover fan control

25 X-RAY HV x-ray on

console data receiver board communication


26 DRB_COMR-
signal

console data receiver board communication


27 DRB_COMR+
signal

console data receiver board communication


28 DRB_COMT-
signal

console data receiver board communication


29 DRB_COMT+
signal

gantry interface board connecting status


30 FP_CABLE_CONNECT
signal

31

32

33 +12V 12V power supply

34 DGND DGND

35 LAMP_BIN breath lamp control

36 LAMP_BOUT breath lamp control

37 CANH CAN network communication signal

38 LAMP_BHOLD dont breath control

39 CANL CAN network communication signal

40 CAN_GND CAN network isolation GND

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Gantry Stator Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

18. X21 Stator Control Board Spartan3E JTAG interface


19. X22 Stator Control Board XCF04 JTAG interface

Gantry Interface Board interface and protocol


1. X1 Patient Table Encoder interface
Table 16: X1 Patient Table Encoder interface

DB9
Signal
AMP 2748003-0

Term A Positive differential pulse output of Patient


1 COUCH_A1
Table Horizontal Encoder

Term A negative differential pulse output of Patient


2 COUCH_A0
Table Horizontal Encoder

Term B Positive differential pulse output of Patient


3 COUCH_B1
Table Horizontal Encoder

Term B negative differential pulse output of Patient


4 COUCH_B0
Table Horizontal Encoder

5 DGND DGND

Term Z positive differential pulse output of Patient Table


6 COUCH_CLR1
Horizontal Encoder

Term Z negative differential pulse output of Patient


7 COUCH_CLR0
Table Horizontal Encoder

shell PE protection GND

2. X2 Rotating Motor Servo Encoder interface

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Table 17: X2 Rotating Motor Servo Encoder interface

DB9
Signal
AMP 750678-1

1 DGND DGND

Term A negative differential pulse output of Patient Table Rotation


4 ROT_A-
Encoder

Term A positive differential pulse output of Patient Table Rotation


5 ROT_A+
Encoder

Term B positive differential pulse output of Patient Table Rotation


6 ROT_B+
Encoder

Term B negative differential pulse output of Patient Table Rotation


7 ROT_B-
Encoder

8 VCC 5V power supply

shell PE protection PE

3. X3 Tilt Motor and Tilt control


Table 18: X3 Tilt Motor and Tilt control

MKDS-2
Signal
MKDS1.5/2-5.08

1 T24V 24V power supply for tilt motor

2 TGDN GND for tilt power supply motor

3 T_POS0 positive tilt control signal

4 T_NEG0 negative tilt control signal

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4. X4 Power Control Board


Table 19: X4 Power Control Board

DB9
Signal
AMP 2-748003-0

1 P+24V 24V power supply for power control board

2 DOOR_SW scan room door switch

3 VOLT_OK main power supply status signal

4 E-STOP emergency stop signal

5 E-STOP-LOOP emergency stop feedback signal

6 +24V 24V power supply for Stator Control Board

7 X-RAY HV x-ray on signal

8 FANS cover fans control signal

5. X5 Left Emergency Stop Interface


Table 20: X5 Left Emergency Stop Interface

PHOENIX
Signal
MSTBVA2.5/4-G5.08

1 E-STOP-LOOP front left E-stop signal

2 E-STOP-COM front left E-stop signal

3 E-STOP-COM back left E-stop signal

4 E-STOP-CTBOX back left E-stop signal

6. X6 Console Interface Board interface (CAN network and Digital Acquisition Board)

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 21: X6 Console Interface Board interface

DB9
Signal
AMP 750678-1

1 DRB_COMT+

6 DRB_COMT-

2 DRB_COMR+

7 DRB_COMR-

3 DRB-CHECK1

8 DRB-CHECK2

4 CANH CAN network signal

9 CANL CAN network signal

5 CAN_GND CAN power supply

shell PE protection GND

7. X7 Console Interface Board interface (voice signal, CTBOX emergency signal)


Table 22: X7 Console Interface Board interface

DB9
Signal
AMP 2-748003-0

1 OPERATOR_VOICE+ operator voice input

6 OPERATOR_VOICE- operator voice input

2 PATIENT_VOICE+ patient voice output

7 PATIENT_VOICE- patient voice output

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Table 22: X7 Console Interface Board interface

DB9
Signal
AMP 2-748003-0

9 E-STOP CTBOX emergency signal

5 E-STOP-CTBOX CTBOX emergency signal

shell PE protection GND

8. X8 Patient Table reproducer interface


Table 23: X8 Patient Table reproducer interface

PHOENIX
Signal
MSTBVA2.5/2-G5.08

1 OPERATOR_VOICE+ operator voice output

2 OPERATOR_VOICE- operator voice output

9. X9 Breathing Navigation Board interface


Table 24: X9 Breathing Navigation Board interface

MOLEX 8P
Signal
70545-0042

1 PATIENT _VOICE+ patient voice input

2 PATIENT _VOICE- patient voice input

3 DGND DGND

4 DGND DGND

5 LAMP_BIN breathing navigation lamp

6 LAMP_BOUT breathing navigation lamp

7 LAMP_BHOLD breathing navigation lamp

8 +12V 12V digital power supply for Stator Control Board

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

10. X10 Front Cover open signal


Table 25: X10 Front Cover open signal

PHOENIX
Signal
MSTBVA2.5/2-G5.08

1 FRONTCOVER_SWITCH front cover switch

2 DGND DGND

11. X11-X13 CAN Network Interface


Table 26: X11-X13 CAN Network Interface

RJ25-6
Signal
AMP 520425-3

1 CANH CAN network signal

2 CANL CAN network signal

3 CAN_GND CAN network GND

4 CHECK Panel CAN board address detection

5 CCHECK Panel CAN board address detection

6 LCHECK Panel CAN board address detection

12. X14 Stator Control Board


Table 27: X14 Stator Control Board

Signal

1 +24V 24V power supply

2 DGND DGND

3 +24V 24V power supply

4 T_POS gantry positive tilt

5 T-STOP gantry tilt enable

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 27: X14 Stator Control Board

Signal

6 T-NEG gantry negative tilt

7 FP_TILTRELAY_P gantry positive tilt detector interface

gantry negative tilt and enable detector


8 FP_TILTRELAY_SN
interface

9 +5V +5V power supply

10 DGND DGND

11

12 TILT_DETECT tilt detector interface

13 FP_FOOT1_C1 footswitch contactor 1

14 FRONTCOVER_SWITCH front cover switch

15 FP_FOOT1_C2 footswitch contactor 2

Term A negative differential pulse output of


16 COUCH_A0
Patient Table Horizontal Encoder

Term A Positive differential pulse output of


17 COUCH_A1
Patient Table Horizontal Encoder

18 FP_BED_ZERO patient table horizontal zero position

Term B Positive signal of Patient Table


19 FP_BED_B
Horizontal Encoder

20 FP_ROT_B Term B pulse for rotation motor servo

21 FP_ROT_A Term A pulse for rotation motor servo

22 FP_VOLT_K main power supply voltage status

23 FP_DOOR_SW scan room door switch

24 FANS cover fan control

25 X-RAY HV x-ray on

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Table 27: X14 Stator Control Board

Signal

console data receiver board communication


26 DRB_COMR-
signal

console data receiver board communication


27 DRB_COMR+
signal

console data receiver board communication


28 DRB_COMT+
signal

console data receiver board communication


29 DRB_COMT-
signal

30 DGND DGND

31

32

33 +12V 12V power supply

34 DGND DGND

35 LAMP_BIN breath lamp control

36 LAMP_BOUT breath lamp control

37 CANH CAN network communication signal

38 LAMP_BHOLD dont breath control

39 CANL CAN network communication signal

40 CAN_GND CAN network isolation GND

13. X15 Footswitch Interface


Table 28: X15 Footswitch Interface

PHOENIX
Signal
MSTBVA2.5/4-G5.08

1 I2GND

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Table 28: X15 Footswitch Interface

PHOENIX
Signal
MSTBVA2.5/4-G5.08

2 FOOT1_CONTROL1

3 I2GND

4 FOOT1_CONTROL2

14. X16 Tilt Detect Interface


Table 29: X16 Tilt Detect Interface

PHOENIX
Signal
MSTBVA2.5/4-G5.08

1 TILT_DETECT

2 DGND

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Gantry Rotation Motor Servo
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry Rotation Motor Servo

Gantry Rotor Control Module Diagram

Manual/Auto
Switch Position Servo Control Input
Control Rotor
Pulse X3
Direction, Pulse
Control
Module
Frequence DIRECTION
24V PNP PULSE
Front Cover Switch Audion Output Servo Running Limit, PSTOP
Enable NSTOP
EABLE
Servo
Switchorder
Control
M
Potentiometer for
A/D Converter
Manual Rotation
Servo State Output

Rotation Handling Module


X3RS485
Servo ENABLE Status ENABLE-OUT
Input Servo Photoelectric Servo Alert
WAR/ERR-OUT
Status
Value
Coupler
Isolation
Servo Motor
Servo BTB State Servo Make Ready
Rotation Command & Servo Make ready
state
GPC Status Transceiver
BTB/BTB
Module
Analog Torque Model Control
Value Interface
12 bit DA
Module for X3(14 Bit AD Converter)
Converter
Torque Analog -In 1+
Modle Analog -In 1-

Rotor
Speed
Measure

Position Pulse
Interface X5

Gantry Rotation Control


S614 Servo Drive
Modul

Figure 15: Gantry Rotor Control Module Diagram

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Gantry Rotation Motor Servo
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Motor Servo Connections

PC

Stator Control
System

X103

24V

Switch
Power
Supply
1:1 Isolation Transformer

~380V

Figure 16: Motor Servo Connections

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Gantry Rotation Motor Servo
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Motor Servo Power Supply

Figure 17: Motor Servo Power Supply

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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

X1, XOB is
not used

Figure 18: Motor Servo Interface

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Gantry Rotation Motor Servo
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

X2 - Feedback Unit (Resolver)


The thermostat contact in the motor is connected via the resolver cable to the SERVOSTAR 600 and evaluated there.

Figure 19:
X3 - Digital Control

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Gantry Rotation Motor Servo
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

X4 24V auxiliary supply

Figure 20: X4 24V auxiliary supply


X5 - Position Pulse Interface
X6
Interface cable between the PC and servo amplifiers of the SERVO STAR 600 series:
(View: looking at the face of the built-in SubD connectors, this corresponds to the solder side of the SubD sockets on
the cable).

Figure 21: X6
X9 - Connect with mother leads; Motor-holding brake, shielding to EMI
XOA - Main Power Supply

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Gantry Rotation Motor Servo
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

NOTE Keep Route power leads and control cables separately

Removing faults/warnings
The table below should be regarded as a First-aid box. Depending on the conditions of the installation or setup, there
may be a wide variety of reasons for the fault. In multi-axis systems there may be further hidden causes of a fault. If any
other problem occurs contact Customer Service for further assistance.
Table 30: Removing Faults and Warning

Fault Possible Causes Measures to Remove the Cause of the Fault

wrong cable used use null-modem cable


HMI Message: cable plugged into wrong position in servo amplifier plug cable into the correct sockets on the servo amplifier and PC
Communication fault or PC select correct interface
wrong PC interface selected

F01 message permissible heat sink temperature exceeded improve ventilation


heat sink temperature

regen power is insufficient. regen power limit was shorten the braking time RAMP or use an external regen resistor
F02 message reached and the regen resistor was switched off. with a higher power rating and adjust the regen power parameter
overvoltage This causes excessive voltage in the DC-link circuit. use mains transformer
supply voltage too high

feedback connector not properly inserted check connector


F04 message:
feedback cable is broken, crushed or otherwise check cable
feedback unit
damaged

F05 message: supply voltage not present or too low when servo only enable the servo amplifier when the mains supply voltage has
undervoltage amplifier is enabled been switched on delay>500ms

motor thermostat has been activated wait until motor has cooled down, then check why it became so hot
F06 message:
feedback connector is loose or break in feedback tighten connector or use new feedback cable
motor temperature
cable

F07 message: the aux. voltage produced by the servo amplifier is return the servo amplifier to the manufacturer for repair
aux. voltage incorrect

F08 message: motor phases swapped correct motor phase sequence


motor runs away (overspeed) feedback set up incorrectly set up correct offset angle

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Table 30: Removing Faults and Warning

Fault Possible Causes Measures to Remove the Cause of the Fault

short-circuit in the supply cable for the motor-holding remove short-circuit


brake replace motor
F11 message: motor-holding brake is faulty check shielding of brake cable
brake fault in brake cable brake parameter set to WITHOUT
no brake connected, although the brake parameter
is set to WITH

F13 message: permissible internal temperature exceeded improve ventilation


internal temperature

motor cable has short-circuit/ground short replace cable


motor has short-circuit/ground short replace motor
F14 message: output module is overheated improve ventilation
out stage fault output stage is fault return the servo amplifier to the manufacturer for repair
short-circuit/short to ground in the external regen remove short-circuit/ground short
resistor

enable was applied, although the supply voltage only enable the servo amplifier when the mains supply voltage has
F16 message:
was not present been switched on
mains BTB/RTO
at least 2 supply phases are missing check electrical supply

F17 message: error in the analog-digital conversion, usually reduce EMI, check screening and grounding
A/D converter caused by excessive EMI

wrong cable check wiring


F25 message: wrong phasing check resolver poles (RESPOLES)
Commutation error check motor poles (MPOLES)
check offset (MPHASE)

F27 message: AS-24V relay AND hardware enable AND software check PLC programming and wiring
error AS-option enable are active

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Gantry Rotation Motor Servo
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 30: Removing Faults and Warning

Fault Possible Causes Measures to Remove the Cause of the Fault

servo amplifier not enable apply enable signal


break in setpoint cable check setpoint cable
motor phases swapped correct motor phase sequence
motor does not rotate brake not released check brake control
drive is mechanically blocked check mechanism
no. of motor poles set incorrectly set no. of motor poles
feedback set up incorrectly set up feedback correctly

gain too high (speed controller) reduce Kp (speed controller)


motor oscillates shielding in feedback cable has a break replace feedback cable
AGND not wired up join AGND to CNC-GND

drive reports Irms or Ipeak is set to low increase Irms or Ipeak (keep within motor data!)
following error setpoint ramp is too long shorten setpoint ramp +/-

Kp (speed controller) too low increase Kp (speed controller)


Tn (speed controller) too high use motor default value for Tn (speed controller)
drive too soft
PID-T2 too high reduce PID-T2
T-Tacho too high reduce T-Tacho

Kp (speed controller) too high reduce Kp (speed controller)


drive runs Tn (speed controller) too low use motor default value for Tn (speed controller)
roughly PID-T2 too low increase PID-T2
T-Tacho too low increase T-Tacho

offset not correctly adjusted for analog setpoint adjust setpoint-offset (analog I/O)
axis drifts at
provision join AGND and CNC-GND
setpoint=0V
AGND not jointed to the CNC-GND of the controls

Motor number stored in sine encoders If n12 is displayed, default values for the motor are loaded.
n12 message:
EEPROM different than what drive is Motor number will be automatically stored in EEPROM with SAVE
Motor default values loaded
configured for

n14 message: Wake & shake not executed Enable the drive
Wake & shake active

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Gantry Frequency Converter Module
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry Frequency Converter Module

Gantry Frequency Converter Module Diagram

Figure 22: Gantry Frequency Converter Module Diagram

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Gantry Frequency Converter Module
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Introduction

Figure 23: Gantry Frequency Converter Interface

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Gantry Frequency Converter Module
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 31: Gantry Frequency Converter Interface

1 LCP 10 Motor output termnals


2 RS-485 serial bus connector 11 Relay 1
3 Analog I/O connector 12 Relay 2
4 LCP input plug 13 Brake and load sharing terminals
5 Analog switches 14 Mains input terminals
6 Cable strain relief / PE ground 15 USB connector
7 Decoupling plate 16 Serial bus terminal switch
8 Grounding clamp (PE) 17 Digital I/O and 24 V power supply
9 Shielded cable grounding clamp and strain relief 18 Control cable cover plate

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Gantry Frequency Converter Module
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Frequency Converter Block Diagram

Figure 24: Frequency Converter Block Diagram


Table 32: Frequency Converter Block Explain

Area Title Functions


1 Mains input Three-phase AC mains power supply to the frequency converter
2 Rectifier The rectifier bridge converts the AC input to DC current to supply inverter power
3 DC bus The frequency converter's intermediate DC-bus circuit handles the DC current
Filter the intermediate DC circuit voltage
Prove line transient protection
4 DC reactors Reduce RMS current
Raise the power factor reflected back to the line
Reduce harmonics on the AC input

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Gantry Frequency Converter Module
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 32: Frequency Converter Block Explain

Stores the DC power


5 Capacitor bank
Provides ride-through protection for short power losses
Converts the DC into a controlled PWM AC waveform for a controlled variable
6 Inverter
output to the motor
7 Output to motor Regulated three-phase output power to the motor
Input power, internal processing, output, and motor current are monitored to provide
efficient operation and control
8 Control circuitry
User interface and external commands are monitored and performed
Status output and control can be provided

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Gantry Frequency Converter Module
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Frequency Converter Electrical Installation

Figure 25: Frequency Converter Electrical Installation

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Gantry Frequency Converter Module
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Basic Troubleshooting
Symptom Possible Cause Test Solution
Missing input power See Table 3.1. Check the input power source.
Missing or open fuses or circuit See open fuses and tripped circuit Follow the recommendations
breaker tripped breaker in this table for possible provided.
causes.
No power to the LCP Check the LCP cable for proper Replace the faulty LCP or
connection or damage. connection cable.
Shortcut on control voltage Check the 24V control voltage Wire the terminals properly.
(terminal 12 or 50) or at control supply for terminal 12/13 to 20-39
Display dark / No function terminals or 10V supply for terminal 50 to 55.
Wrong LCP (LCP from VLTp 2800 Use only LCP 101 (P/N 130B1124)
or 5000/6000/8000/ FCD or FCM) or LCP 102 (P/N. 130B1107).
Wrong contrast setting Press [Status] + Up/Down arrows
to adjust the contrast.
Display (LCP) is defective Test using a different LCP. Replace the faulty LCP or
connection cable.
Internal voltage supply fault or Contact supplier.
SMPS is defective
Overloaded power supply (SMPS) To rule out a problem in the If the display stays lit, then the 9 9
due to improper control wiring or control wiring, disconnect all problem is in the control wiring.
a fault within the frequency control wiring by removing the Check the wiring for shorts or
Intermittent display
converter terminal blocks. incorrect connections. If the display
continues to cut out, follow the
procedure for display dark.
Service switch open or missing Check if the motor is connected Connect the motor and check the
motor connection and the connection is not service switch.
interrupted (by a service switch or
other devise).
No mains power with 24V DC If the display is functioning but no Apply mains power to run the unit.
option card output, check that mains power is
applied to the frequency converter.
LCP Stop Check if [Off] has been pressed. Press [Auto On] or [Hand On]
(depending on your operation
mode) to run the motor.
Missing start signal (Standby) Check 5-10 Terminal 18 Digital Input Apply a valid start signal to start
Motor not running
for correct setting for terminal 18 the motor.
(use default setting).
Motor coast signal active Check 5-12 Terminal 27 Digital Input Apply 24V on terminal 27 or
(Coasting) for correct setting for terminal 27 programm this terminal to No
(use default setting). operation.
Wrong reference signal source Check reference signal: Local, Program correct settings Check
remote or bus reference? Preset 3-13 Reference Site Set preset
reference active? Terminal reference active in parameter
connection correct? Scaling of group 3-1* References. Check for
terminals correct? Reference signal correct wiring. Check scaling of
available? terminals. Check reference signal.

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VLT AutomationDrive Operating
Basic Troubleshooting
Instructions Gantry Frequency Converter Module
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Symptom Possible Cause Test Solution


Motor rotation limit Check that 4-10 Motor Speed Program correct settings.
Direction is programmed correctly.
Active reversing signal Check if a reversing command is Deactivate reversing signal.
Motor running in wrong
programmed for the terminal in
direction
parameter group 5-1* Digital inputs.
Wrong motor phase connection See 3.5 Check Motor Rotation in this
manual.
Frequency limits set wrong Check output limits in4-13 Motor Program correct limits.
Speed High Limit [RPM], 4-14 Motor
Speed High Limit [Hz], and 4-19 Max
Motor is not reaching Output Frequency
maximum speed Reference input signal not scaled Check reference input signal Program correct settings.
correctly scaling in parameter group 6-*
Analog I/O mode and parameter
group 3-1* References.
Possible incorrect parameter Check the settings of all motor Check settings in parameter
settings parameters, including all motor group1-6* Analog I/O mode. For
Motor speed unstable compensation settings. For closed closed loop operation check
loop operation, check PID settings. settings in parameter group 20-0*
Feedback.
Possible over-magnetization Check for incorrect motor settings Check motor settings in parameter
in all motor parameters. groups 1-2* Motor data, 1-3* Adv
Motor runs rough
motor data, and 1-5* Load indep.
setting.
Possible incorrect settings in the Check brake parameters. Check Check parameter group 2-0* DC
Motor will not brake brake parameters. Possible too ramp time settings. brake and 3-0* Reference limits.
9 9 short ramp downvt times.
Phase to phase short Motor or panel has a short phase Eliminate any shorts detected.
to phase. Check motor and panel
phase to for shorts.
Motor overload Motor is overloaded for the Perform startup test and verify
application. motor current is within specifi-
Open power fuses or circuit cations. If motor current is
breaker trip exceeding nameplate full load
current, motor may run only with
reduced load. Review the specifi-
cations for the application.
Loose connections Perform pre-startup check for loose Tighten loose connections.
connections.
Problem with mains power (See Rotate input power leads into the If imbalanced leg follows the wire,
Alarm 4 Mains phase loss drive one position: A to B, B to C, C it is a power problem. Check mains
Mains current imbalance description) to A. power supply.
greater than 3% Problem with the frequency Rotate input power leads into the If imbalance leg stays on same
converter unit frequency converter one position: A input terminal, it is a problem with
to B, B to C, C to A. the unit. Contact supplier.
Problem with motor or motor Rotate output motor leads one If imbalanced leg follows the wire,
wiring position: U to V, V to W, W to U. the problem is in the motor or
motor wiring. Check motor and
Motor current imbalance
motor wiring.
greater than 3%
Problem with drive unit Rotate output motor leads one If imbalance leg stays on same
position: U to V, V to W, W to U. output terminal, it is a problem
with the unit. Contact supplier.

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GPC
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

GPC
The GPC is an industrial standard PC board installed on the Stator Control Board, full PC with display interface,
keyboard, and mouse, will work as a stand alone PC Can connect monitor, keyboard, and mouse.
There are two types of GPC.
GPC Type A on page 73
GPC Type B on page 77

GPC Type A

GPC Block Diagram

Console
DDR128M
CPUceleron M 600
Ethernet
CFSoftware Memory GPC

PCI Interface Ethernet Interface8139D

PCI

Stator Control Board

Figure 26: GPC Block Diagram

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GPC
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Main Features
CUP: Celeron (R) M600 MHz
Chipset: Intel 855GME (Montara-GM+) GMCH/ICH4
Chipset 400 MHz FSB
VGA/LCD controller with optimized Shared Memory
Architecture (SMA)
Supports Analog and Digital display
Integration Network Card, 10/100Mbps PCI Ethernet
interface, supports wake-on-LAN
PCI-104 expansion connector
Support for CompactFlash(R) Card (CFC) Type I Socket
Supports six USB 2.0 ports
SODIMM socket support up to 1 GB DDR SDRAM
Support audio function compliant with AC 97 2.0

Figure 27: GPC

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GPC
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

+5V/+12V P.S. +5V P.S.

PCI-104

SD RAM CF Socket

Figure 29: Back View


KB/Mouse LAN CRT

Figure 28: GPC Front View (no radiator)

GPC Functions
Execute Scan flow control (Middle Level)
GPC executes all of the scanning process.
Issues commands to different components
Component Test flow (Service Mode)
GPC forwards the commands and status from the Console
Used to test each individual components (Hardware Test)
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GPC
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Monitor status of Gantry components (safety handling)


The GPC real time monitors the status of each component. First it handles the disabled task and at the same
time sends an error message to Console, every 80ms the status register be rewritten.
Monitor communication between GPC and Console
ECG signal transfer
Error handling (TCP/IP, PCI)

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GPC
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

GPC Type B

GPC Block Diagram

Console
DDR21G
CPUAtom N450
(WKHUQHW
On Board flashSoftware GPC
Memory

Ethernet Interface
PCI Interface
Intel82567V

3&,

Stator Control Board

Figure 30: GPC Block Diagram

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GPC
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Main Features

Intel Atom N450 Processor


Supports DDR2 667 memory
Supports 18-bit LVDS LCD interface
Supports 1 X SATA2 interface
Supports 2GB on-board flash
Supports 1 x 10/100/1000 Mbps Fast Ethernet
Supports four USB2.0 ports
Supports two serial RS-232 ports (COM1/2), one RS-422/
485 port(COM3)
PC/104-plus expansion interface

Figure 31: GPC

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GPC
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

PCI Bus Interface Input Power


Connection

Ethernet Connection

Monitor
PS2 for Keyboard and Mouse

Figure 32: GPC Front View (no radiator) Figure 33: Back View

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GPC
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Figure 34: Block Diagram

GPC Functions
Execute Scan flow control (Middle Level)
GPC executes all of the scanning process.

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GPC
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Issues commands to different components


Component Test flow (Service Mode)
GPC forwards the commands and status from the Console
Used to test each individual components (Hardware Test)
Monitor status of Gantry components (safety handling)
The GPC real time monitors the status of each component, first it handles the disabled task and at the same time
sends an error message to Console, every 80ms the status register be rewritten.
Monitor communication between GPC and Console
Error handling (TCP/IP, PCI)

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Control Panel
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Control Panel
There are three types of Control Panels for manual control of movement of the Gantry Tilt, Patient Table In/Out and Up/
Down and Laser Markers On/Off:
CTBOXrefer to Chapter Workspace on page 201
Gantry Front Left/ Right Control Panel
Gantry Back Left/ Right Control Panel

The Gantry Control Panel includes: The Front Left Control Panel, Front Right Control Panel, Back Left Control Panel,
Back Right Control Panel. The left and right panel are totally the same. The Front Control Panel power is 5V, supplied
by Switch Power. The back Control Panel is 3.3V, supplied by the Front Control Panel with IDC 40 Cable.

The Gantry Control Panel, includes the following functions:


Key Enable (LED)displays if the keys enables (LED=ON) or disables (LED=OFF) (only Front Left/Right Control
Panel)
Key Boardpress keys for manual movement commands
X-Ray ON displaythe X-ray symbol display blinks ON every time that X-ray is active
Laser light control
Display Paneldisplays the position of the Gantry Tilt, Patient Table Height (Vertical position) and Patient Table
Horizontal position (Z- position).
CAN Communication Interface and Auto Download

All panels transfer the key commands to the Motion Control card via the CAN communication cards and Gantry Signal
connection Board.
The Stator Control Board sends the control signals for Gantry Tilt, Laser Markers ON/ OFF (located on the Gantry
Rotor), and forwards commands for Patient Table movement in Horizontal & Vertical direction to Patient Table Motion
Control card.

There are 12 keys on the Control Board (include 8 Capacity key, they are In, Out, Up, Down Tilt-, Tilt+, Index and
Release), the meaning of keys are:

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Control Panel
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 33: Control Panel

Key Description

Tilt+ Gantry will tilt with the upper portion away from the patient table

Tilt- Gantry will tilt with the upper portion towards the patient table

Patient table ascends vertically, at the same time Patient Table cradle moves back to keep the
Up
scanning position immobile unless the Patient Table is 2mm distance to the Zero Position.

Patient table descends vertically, at the same time Patient Table cradle move ahead to keep the
Down
scanning position immobile unless the Patient Table is far from Zero Position 1600mm.

Patient Table move horizontally far away from the Gantry, speed is 100mm/s. The most distance is
Out
2mm distance to the Zero Position.

Patient Table move horizontally near to the Gantry, speed is 100mm/s. The most distance is 1600mm
In
distance far from Zero Position.

Laser Light on/off


Open or close the Interior and Exterior Laser Maker
(Laser Switch)

Zero Screen (REF) When pressing the button, the Patient Table position will be defined as display Zero Position

Patient Table moves horizontally to 2mm distance to the Zero Position, speed is 100mm/s.
Patient Release
Tilt the Gantry to Zero Position, down the Patient Table to 0mm height.

In to Internal Marker Patient table moves in horizontally for a distance, the distance equal to space from Interior Laser to
(Index In) Exterior Laser.

Out to External Marker Patient table moves out horizontally for a distance, the distance equal to space from Interior Laser to
(Index Out) Exterior Laser.

Safe Range Shows safety range that the Patient Table and Gantry could be moved in current condition.

Index In and Index Out:


Index In can be used while the Couch Code is less than 1300.
Index Out can be used while the Couch Code is more than 302.
Index In and Index Out are mutually exclusive, only one of them can be used at one time. After pressing one key, the
enable light of the key will blink until the movement is stopped.
Display Error log

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Control Panel
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 34: Control Panel Error Messages

Error Description

Put the Gantry Control Panel Plug into the Patient Table CAN connector on Gantry
PErr
Interface Board

CErr Can not receive the signal from UCOM to the Panel

Err3 Patient Table Height Error

Err4 Tilt Error

Err5 Communication timeout between Panel and Stator Control Board

Err6 Communication timeout between Panel and Patient Table Control Board

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Gantry Motion
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry Motion

Gantry Motion Control Functional Description


The Stator Control Board is the core board to control Gantry Motion.
The Gantry Motion Control includes inputs, outputs, and functional electronic control mechanisms.
The Gantry Motion Control Inputs include the Software and Hardware commands

Software Commands
Scan Protocol Application on the Host Computer during scan performance
HW Test Application on the Host Computer in the service mode for manual system movement

Hardware commands
Gantry Control Panels
Movement Commands from the Patient Table (in service mode) for information and display.
CTBOX
Auxiliary assembly manual Tilt & Rotation of the Gantry (in manual/ service mode)
Both software and hardware control commands of the following movements:
Patient Table Vertical and Horizontal movement
Gantry Tilt motion (30 degrees)
Gantry Rotation motion speed, stop at requested rotor position.

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Gantry Motion
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Auxiliary Control Assembly (Manual Tilt and Rotation Control)

The Auxiliary Control Assembly is added between the


Motion Control card and Servo/ Motor, so that the action of
system components can still be under control even when
the computer operates abnormally (such as computer fails)
Manual/Auto
or manual control is needed.
Select
Movement commands are issued directly to the
implemented components via the Auxiliary Control
Assembly by setting the Manual/Auto switch to MANUAL Tilt
mode (in maintenance conditions). Forward/Rear
Commands from the Workstation will only be executed
when the Manual/Auto switch is set to AUTO.

Rotation
Speed

Figure 35: Auxiliary Control Assembly


In MANUAL mode, the Gantry Tilting and rotating can be done via Auxiliary Control Assembly:
Tilt control handle can make the Gantry do Positive Tilt (leftward) or Negative Tilt (right wards). Release handle to
stop motion.
The manual Rotation Speed knob will allow manual speed control of the rotor. Turning the knob counterclockwise
slows down the rotation speed to 0 rpm while a clockwise adjustment increases the speed. Rotation of the rotor is
clockwise only.

Display for System Motion


Display on the Gantry front Left/ Right Control Panels.
CTBOX
Host Computer as part of data in the system files, on Image and on Service utilities during maintenance.
NOTE The Control Panels, display system position (Tilt, Patient Table Vertical/ Horizontal), Error codes and error
messages.

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Gantry Rotor Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Gantry Rotor Control System

Gantry Rotor Overview Functional Description

Gantry Rotor Power Supply


The Gantry Rotor receives 3-phase 380VAC and 1-phase 220VAC power supply via the Slip Ring from the Gantry
Stationary.
3 phase 380VAC connects directly to the AC/DC converter/filter for generation of 540VDC Power voltage
220VAC drives to the following:
Power Supply 5V, 12V
DMS Power Supply
Cooling Unit for cooling the Tube220VAC for Cooling Unit operation

Gantry Rotor Communication Interface


The communication between the Gantry Rotor and Gantry Stator is via the Slip Ring system. It includes signals and
data lines, for operation control and data transfer from the Rotor (DAS) to the Workstation.

The main purposes of the Gantry Rotor are:


X-ray Generation
Transmit X-ray through image/ patient
Collect the remainder of the X-ray with the Detector Modules
Translate the collected X-ray to data on the DAS assembly
Send the data to the Workstation for analysis and image display

X-ray Generation
The main generator circuit of the HV generator consists of three-phase incontrollable rectification, filtration, two parallel
IGBT high-frequency semi-bridge inverters, HV transformer, and control-protection circuit.
Spellman Chassis X3815

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Gantry Rotor Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Fironia-50

Spellman Chassis X3815


The HV generator contains two parts: AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 and HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 The main input
power supply 320~440VAC is connected to AC/INV module. Auxiliary power supply 184-255VAC is connected to AC/
INV to supply power for the auxiliary control part.
The AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 is connected to the HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 via 20-cores cable, and
commands from system-control board in HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 are transferred to the AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY
X3815 via this cable.
In the AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815, AC/DC converter/filter changes 380VAC 3phase input to 540VDC, then
Inverters convert 540VDC to High Frequency AC(25KHz), Step-up transformers convert the High Frequency AC to mid-
voltage, ~7kV. The mid-voltage is output to the HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 via cable.
In the HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815, the Multiplier/rectifier assembly to converts ~7kV to Positive or Negative High
voltage output (30-70kVDC).
The AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 also offers 24VDC output to the Low Voltage Power Supplies of HV CHASSIS
ASSY X3815 via cable so that the HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 can supply power to the filament board and system
control board.
X-ray adapter (which is built conforming to US Federal and European Standard) from the output terminal of HV
CHASSIS ASSY X3815 is connected to tube. There are four pins for cathode receptacle of HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815,
it includes cathode voltage output, filament output, and two grid voltage output.

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Gantry Rotor Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

All controlling functions of HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 are interconnected through digital and analog I/O. The cases of
AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 and HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 shall be earthed properly.

Figure 36: HV Interfaces

Transmit X-ray through object


The X-ray generated by the Tube passes through a mechanical collimator and the object. Once the X-ray has passed
through an object, the attenuated X-ray will be collected by the DMS and converted to a digital signal.
There is an A-plane.
The A-plane is located on the Tube side and controlled by the Rotor Control Board.
The main purpose of the A-plane is to limit the X-ray exposed surface area of the DMS resulting in better image quality.

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Gantry Rotor Control System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Collect the remainder of the X-ray with the Detector Modules


The remaining X-rays that pass the image/ patient are collected by the DMS.

Fironia-50
The HV generator contains two parts: PIU (Power Inverter Unit) and TCU (Tank Control Unit).
The PIU consists with Power Control Board, Inverter Drive Board, IGBT module, Resonant circuit and Cooling Unit.
The TCU include System Control Board, filament board, Anode Control Board. Grid Module is in Tank oil box.

Figure 37: Fironia-50 system Connections

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Figure 38: Fironia-50 system Interface

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Transmit X-ray through object


The X-ray generated by the Tube passes through a mechanical Collimator and the object. Ones the X-ray has passed
through an object the attenuated X-ray will be collected by the DMS and converted to a digital signal.
There is an A-plane.
The A-plane is located on the Tube side and controlled by the Rotor Control Board.
The main purpose of the A-plane is to limit the X-ray exposed surface area of the DMS resulting in better image quality.

Collect the remainder of the X-ray with the Detector Modules


The remaining X-rays that pass the image/ patient are collected by the DMS.

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High Voltage System and X-ray Tube


The system is composed with Rotor Control Board (HV control part), Spellman 50kW HV Generator and Dunlee 5.0
MHU Tube.
Rotor Control Board (HV control part) interface includes:
Parallel interface with UCom
Interface with RHost control Module
Interface with Collimator Control Mode
Fiber interface with DMS
Analog and digital interface with HV Generator
Spellman 50kW HV Generator
MAX output power is 50kW(120kV, 417mA or 140kV, 357mA)
MAX exposure time is 100s
Full power exposure time is 60s
Support DFS function
Philips-Dunlee CTR2150CEPN tube
MAX: 5MHU
Anode Position Speed: 105Hz
One filament
Big and Small Focus
Support of DFS

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HV Generator
There are two kinds of HV Generator.
HV Generator (AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 AND HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815) on page 95
Fironia-50 on page 102

HV Box
Power
Inverter Unit

AC/Inverter Tank
Control Unit

Figure 39: Spellman CHASSIS X3815

Figure 40: Fironia-50

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HV Generator (AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 AND HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815)


The HV generator consists mainly of AC/Inverter CHASSIS ASSY X3815 and HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815.

Its functions are:


Generate working voltage and current for tube
Monitor working status of tube, and offer protection for the system
Control of tube filament and tube rotating anode
Set tube voltage and current

Specification of the HV Generator


Table 35: Parameters of HV generator

Items Parameters

3 phase, 400VAC+10%/-20%, 50~60hZ


Input Power
Single phase, 230VAC, +11%/-20%, 50~60Hz (used for auxiliary power)

60 to 140kV (bipolar, 30 to 70kV)


Accuracy: +/- 0.5% of setting
Repeatability: +/- 0.1% (between any two exposures at same voltage setting), for output voltage 80 to 140kV,
output power>2kW
KV Output voltage
Ripple: Working frequency>10KHz 2% pk to pk of tube voltage measured anode and cathode.
Working frequency<1KHz 0.2% rms of tube voltage measured anode and cathode.
Anode to Cathode Imbalance:<4kV
Settling Time: 50ms to within 0.2% programmed voltage.100ms to within 0.1%.

When maximal output power is not more than 50KW, mA output: 0 to 420mA
Regulation and Accuracy: 2% or 1mA, whichever is larger, for 20 to 420mA
Ripple: 2% or 3mA (whichever is larger) max. ptp, end to end
Settling Time: 50ms to within 0.5% of programmed current, 75ms to within 0.2% of programmed current.
mA Output current
NOTE The customer is responsible for setting the filament preheat level accurately in
order to archive adequate settling time. The generator will close the control
loop on the tube current once exposure starts.
Filament Output 15VAC(30kHz-40kHz)@ 0-6A max

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Composition of HV generator
HV system consists of the following three parts:
HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 (High Voltage multiplier assembly)
It includes System control board, High Speed Starter assembly, Filament supply, Grid Modulator, Multiplier/rectifier
assembly and Inductive Arc Suppressor and so on.
AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 (AC/Inverter assembly)
In AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 there is the rectifier, filtration circuit, inverter conversion circuit, step-up
transformers, trickle charging circuit, EMC filter, and auxiliary power supply.
HV control sub system (Rotor control board)
The HV control sub system is controlled by the Rotor control board inside the RHOST. The function of the HV
control sub system is to set up kV, mA, filament current and grid voltage, control tube anode boost, run and brake
function, and HV X-ray exposure in response to the command of software.

!
WARNING Do not move any cable or its cover until five minutes after the power supply has been
cut off. Failure to wait can result in serious injury or death.

!
CAUTION There are non-insulated, charged elements in the HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 and AC/INV
CHASSIS ASSY X3815, so dangerous HV is still present on them even when the AC contactor
has been opened. Wait at least five minutes after all power supplies have been cut off before
accessing inner parts of the AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 and HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815.

HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 and AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815


380VAC is input to AC/INV CHASSIS ASSY X3815, AC/DC converter/filter changes 380VAC 3phase input to 540VDC,
then Inverters convert 540VDC to High Frequency AC(25KHz). Step-up transformers convert the High Frequency AC to
mid-voltage, ~7kV. The mid-voltage output to HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 via cable. In HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815,
Multiplier/rectifier assembly to convert ~7kV to Positive or Negative High voltage output 30-70kVDC).

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Filament power supply in HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 is the circuit for driving filament of X-ray tube. It undergoes pulse-
width modulation (PWM), and its conversion frequency is 40 KHZ. IC used specially for PWM completes setting up and
magnification of current of X-ray tube and pulse-width modulation.
The HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 provides power for the High Speed Stater which drives the anode inside the X-ray tube.
Being the processing center of the power supply system, Rotor Control Board in the rotation control system (RHOST)
offers time sequence for rotating anode system and filament current during re-exposure and exposure. Meanwhile, it
monitors circuit errors from digital port and analog port. Therefore, all functions have been linked to the Rotor Control
Board.

Digital Input Signal to the HV generator


Table 36: HV Signals

Signal Name Description

Contactor_ON_L Contactor on command

1. When the starter on command is enabled, the starter will automatically start in boost mode and stay
in boost mode for 20 seconds.
2. After the 20 seconds, the starter will automatically go into run mode.
Starter_ON_L
3. When the starter on command is taken away, the starter will automatically go into break mode for 15
seconds then shut off.
4. When starter on command is inactive, the HV output (exposure) will be inhibited.

A pulse signal of 20 millisecond. This signal commands all latch functions in the system to be reset.
RESET_L
Whenever RESET is active, the HV output (exposure) will be inhibited.

NLTest_L Provisions are made on the control board to allow for no load exposures to be made.

When current is flowing variable mA mode is selected.


VMA_L
Need spellman provide the delay time of mA reference changing to mA output changing and max di/dt.

This is a digital signal generated by the HVPS control board, when active this signal validates the
X_PREP_L
HV_ON_L command, Both must be active to generate high voltage.

This digital input signal is active low. High voltage will be produced by the HVPS when the following
conditions are met.
HV_ON_L
1. X-PREP_L is low
2. HV_ON_L is low

GM_ON_L Turn on the grid voltage

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Table 36: HV Signals

Signal Name Description

Toggles the grid voltage assignments. Need Spellman provide detailed Description.
B_POS_L (For example: when GM_ON_L=0 AND B_POS_L=1 then Grid1 voltage=G1L and Grid2 voltage=G2H
when GM_ON_L=0 and B_POS_L=0 then Grid1 voltage=G1H and Grid2 voltage=G2L

Binary selection of which 8-bit fault group is to be supplied to the x-ray control computer on the fault
FA0-FA2
data lines FD0-FD7.

FA0: System Control (a latching fault register on the control PWB)


Table 37: System Control

HEX Bit Name Indication

xx01 D0 MAreg_E The mA loop has failed to maintain regulation.

xx02 D1 KVreg_E The KV loop has failed to maintain regulation.

xx03 D2 Starter_E Problem with rotating anode

xx04 D3 INV_TMP Inverter over temperature detected

xx05 D4 Uncommanded Exp A greater than 10kV voltage feedback without a HV_ON signal

xx06 D5 NLTest Status When active low indicates No Load Test mode is enabled

xx07 D6 VMA Status When active low indicates Variable mA mode is enabled

xx08 D7 Test Test mode switch on the control PWB is on

FA1: Analog (a latching fault register on the control PWB)


Table 38: Analog

HEX Bit Name Indication

xx01 D0 A_OV Anode over voltage

xx02 D1 C_OV Cathode over voltage

xx03 D2 A_OI Anode over current

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Table 38: Analog

HEX Bit Name Indication

xx04 D3 C_OI Cathode over current

xx05 D4 FI_OI Filament over current

xx06 D5 Arc Anode or Cathode arcing

xx07 D6 GM_ON Status When active low indicates the grid voltage is on

xx08 D7

FA1: reserved

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Digital outputs from HV Generator


Table 39: Digital outputs from HV Generator

Signal Name Description

Contactor_STAT_L When active, low indicates the contactor is on

Starter_STAT_L When active, low indicates the starter is on

HV_ON_STAT_L Safety signal, active low when HV is ON(>10kv)

GM_OK_L When active, low indicates that the grid voltage is functioning properly

The fault signal is active, low (no current flow) and remains latched when a fault is detected. The
high voltage generator will incorporate a fault detection circuit to terminate and prevent high
voltage output when a fault occurs. A fault will cause the high voltage generator to shut itself
Fault_L down (zero kV output) and report the condition as an addressable fault data word. The error
detection circuits shall be designed so as not to provide false fault indication more than once in
100,000 X-ray exposures. A fault condition can only be cleared by the RESET signal, providing
the condition that caused the fault has been corrected.

Arcing Primary tube arc-sense.

Secondary arc-sense. Signal will go active low and stay low for only 50 miro seconds after an
HV_ARC_L
arc event.

A_OV Anode Over Voltage detected.

C_OV Cathode Over Voltage detected.

A_OI Anode Over Voltage detected.

C_OI Cathode Over Voltage detected.

FI_OI Filament Over Current detected.

INV_TMP Inverter over temperature detected.

Over-current or under-current for any of three outputs (Main, Phase and Common) will result in
Starter_E
starter error and stop three output.

A fault condition exists when the HV generator detects that the Anode and Cathode kV is not
KV_Reg_E
maintaining regulation.

A fault condition exists when the HV generator detects that the Anode and Cathode mA is not
MA_Reg_E
maintaining regulation.

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Table 39: Digital outputs from HV Generator

Signal Name Description

A fault condition exists when the HVPS detects an output voltage level greater than 30kV without
Uncommanded Exp
the HV_ON signal.

The eight-bit group of fault data. The specific fault data to be transmitted will be determined by
FD0-FD7
the fault address signals FA0-FA2.

HVJB1_L, HVJB2_L HVJB1_L and HVJB2_L returning via HVGND in order to verify cable connections.

HV generator control PWB indicator LEDs description


Table 40: HV generator control PWB indicator LEDs description

LED Name Description

PWR ON Indicates +5V power is present in the system control PWB.

HV ON Indicates high voltage (greater than 10kV) is present on the output of the generator

FIL ON Indicates the filament is on

STARTER ON Indicates the starter is on

TEST MODE Indicates any one of SW1 switches are in the test mode.

Indicates the generator is in a fault mode. The detailed fault is provided on the digital I/O and FD0 TO
FAULT
FD7.

CONTACTOR ON Indicates the main contactor is on

NL Test ON Indicates No Load Test mode is enabled.

VMA ON Indicates Variable mA mode is enabled

GM ON Indicates the grid voltage is on

ARC Flash for 1 second if 1A threshold detect is given

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Fironia-50
The HV generator Fironia-50 consists mainly of PIU (Power Inverter Unit) and TCU (Tank Control Unit).
Its functions are:
Generate working voltage and current for tube
Monitor working status of tube, and offer protection for the system
Control of tube filament and tube rotating anode
Set tube voltage and current

Specification of the Fironia-50


Table 41: Parameters of HV generator

Items Parameters
3 phase, 400VAC+10%/-20%, 50~60hZ
Input Power
Single phase, 230VAC, +11%/-20%, 50~60Hz (used for auxiliary power)
60 to 140kV (bipolar, 30 to 70kV)
Accuracy: +/- 0.5% of setting
Repeatability: +/- 0.1% (between any two exposures at same voltage setting), for output
voltage 80 to 140kV, output power>2kW
KV Output voltage Ripple: Working frequency>10KHz 2% pk to pk of tube voltage measured anode and
cathode.
Working frequency<1KHz 0.2% rms of tube voltage measured anode and cathode.
Anode to Cathode Imbalance:<4kV
Settling Time: 50ms to within 0.2% programmed voltage.100ms to within 0.1%.

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Table 41: Parameters of HV generator

Items Parameters
When maximal output power is not more than 50KW, mA output: 0 to 420mA
Regulation and Accuracy: 2% or 1mA, whichever is larger, for 20 to 420mA
Ripple: 2% or 3mA (whichever is larger) max. ptp, end to end
Settling Time: 50ms to within 0.5% of programmed current, 75ms to within 0.2% of
mA Output current programmed current.

NOTE Customer is responsible for setting the filament preheat level


accurately in order to archive adequate settling time. Generator
will close the control loop on the tube current once exposure
starts.
Filament Output 15VAC(30kHz-40kHz)@ 0-6A max

Composition of HV generator
HV system consists of the following three parts:
PIU (Power Inverter Unit)
The PIU consist of an IGBT full bridge inverter, rectifier & filter, power control board, drive protection board, resonant
capacitors, resonant inductors, cooling fans and mechanical parts etc.
Rectifier & Filter Parts consist of power filter, rectifier bridge and rectifier capacitors etc, The functions serve to
implement rectification and filtering of the mains input, and to supply DC voltage for inverter parts.
The power control part consist of a switched-mode power supply, power control board, contactors etc., The functions
serve to supply low DC voltage and to implement the pre-charging of capacitors and to provide power supply for cooling
fan.
The Inverter Resonant includes the IGBT full bridge inverter, heat sinks, resonant inductors and resonant capacitors.
The main functions is to provide the high frequency AC voltage for the high voltage generator (transformer, cascade
etc.).
The Drive protection part is realized by the inverter drive board and provides the drive and the protection of IGBT
modules.
TCU (Tank Control Unit)

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The TCU consists of the Tank module, Grid modular, Filament board, System Control Board, Anode drive boardcable
and mechanical parts. Due to the worst electrical work environment in this box, EMC is a very important factor to be
considered during the design of the TCU box.
Besides the high voltage TANK, system control board, rectifier-doubler, filament transformer, rotor control board, the
Grid module control is also included in this box.
The Filament board provides filament current for the tubes filament.
System control board is mostly controlling all modules in the generator, interfacing with CT system, exchange data.
The Anode Drive control board provides boosts voltage and operational voltage for the tube, controls the speed- up the
tubes plate and keep it spinning.
HV control sub system (Rotor control board)
HV control sub system is controlled by the Rotor control board inside the RHOST. The function of the HV control sub
system is to set up kV, mA, filament current and grid voltage, control tube anode boost, run and brake function, and HV
X-ray exposure in response to the command of software.

!
WARNING Any cable or its cover shall only be moved five minutes after power supply has
been cut off. Otherwise serious injuries or even death may be incurred.

!
CAUTION There are non-insulated, charged elements in PIU (Power Inverter Unit) and TCU (Tank
Control Unit), so dangerous HV is still present on them even AC contactor has been
opened. Inner parts of PIU (Power Inverter Unit) and TCU (Tank Control Unit) hall only be
accessed Eight minutes after all Power supplies have been cut off.

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Fironia Theory

Figure 41:

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Anode Interface description


Table 42: Tube Anode Interface

Pin Define I/O Specification Remark


1 COMMON Output 380V/50V
2 MAIN Output 380V/50V From Tube Anode
3 Output Output 380V/50V

Fironia-50 Anode Interface


Table 43: Fironia-50 Anode Interface

Pin Define I/O Specification Remark


1 C Output +kV output
2 S Output Tank and the tube To Tube
3 L Output inside is connected

Fironia-50 Cathode Interface


Table 44: Fironia-50 Cathode Interface

Pin Define I/O Specification Remark


1 G1 Output Grid1 output
2 F Output Filament output
To Tube
3 G2 Output Grid2 output
4 C Output -kV output

Fironia Tube Wall Current Interface

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Table 45: Fironia-50 Tube Wall Current Interface

Pin Define I/O Specification Remark


1 C_TmA FED Input Cathode mA from tube
2 C_MA_CABLE+ Input Cable and connection
From Tube
3 C_MA_CABLE- Input check for cathode mA

4 NA

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X1 description


Table 46: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X1 description

Pin Define I/O Description


1 HV+GM_DRV1 Output Grid Power Driver1
2 12V Output
3 12V Output Grid Power Driver2
4 HV+GM_DRV2 Output

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X2 description


Table 47: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X2 description

Pin Define I/O Description


A2 TankCKV+ Input Cathode KV+ feed back from Tank
A3 TankCKV- Input Cathode KV- feed back from Tank
A5 TankCmA+ Input Cathode Ma+ feed back from Tank
A6 TankCmA- Input Cathode Ma- feed back from Tank
A13 TankAmA+ Input anode Ma+ feed back from Tank

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Table 47: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X2 description

Pin Define I/O Description


A14 TankAmA- Input anode Ma- feed back from Tank
A16 TankAKV+ Input anode KV+ feed back from Tank
A17 TankAKV- Input anode KV- feed back from Tank
B2 C_ARC_DEC_A Input Cathode ARC transformer detection
B3 C_ARC_DEC_B Input Cathode ARC transformer detection
B5 inf_detA Input Short circuit on Tank Interface detection
B6 inf_detB Input
B13 inf_detC Input
B16 A_ARC_DEC_A Input Anode ARC transformer detection
B17 A_ARC_DEC_B Input Anode ARC transformer detection

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X3 description


Table 48: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X3 description

Pin I/O Description


1 3.3V
2 GND
3 TCK
4 TDO
5 TDI
6 TMS
7 X

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Table 48: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X3 description

Pin I/O Description


8 X
9 X
10 X

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X4 description


Table 49: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X4 description

Pin I/O Description


1
2 RXD
3 TXD
4
5 GND
6
7
8
9
10

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X5 description

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Table 50: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X5 description

Pin Define I/O Description


1 Starter_Err_L Input Anode Error
2 Starter_Power Input Anode Power
3 Starter_ON_L Output Anode Starter Control
4 SysCtrl_Power Output System control board power
5 SPI SIMO_L Output Main Unit Output, slave Unit input
6 SPI SOMI_L Input Main Unit Input, slave Unit Output
7 SPI CLK_L Output Clock signal, by Main Unit
8 SPI SEL_L Output Slave Unit Enable Signal, controlled by Main Unit
9 Starter_TXD_L Output
10 Starter_TXD_H
11 Starter_RXD_L Input
12 Starter_RXD_H
13 INF_det Output Cable test
14 INF_det Input
15 X

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X6 description


Table 51: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X6 description

Pin Define I/O Description


1 HV_TX_LINK Output Fiber sending Signal

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Table 51: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X6 description

Pin Define I/O Description


2 HV_RX_LINK Input Fiber Receiving Signal

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X8 description


Table 52: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X8 description

Pin Define I/O Description


1 FIL_REF Output Filament setting
2 FGND Input Filament Board Ground
3 FIL_FB Input Filament current feed back
4 FGND Input Filament Board Ground
5 FIL_SC Input Filament short circuit error signal
6 FIL_OI_L Input Filament over current error
7 FIL_REG_H Input FIL_REG+
8 FIL_REG_L Input FIL_REG-
9 Reset_L Output Filament Board Reset Signal
10 Reset_H Output

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X9 description


Table 53: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X9 description

Pin Define I/O Description


1 Driven+ Output Driver Inverter Enable+
2 Driven- Output Driver Inverter Enable-

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Table 53: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X9 description

Pin Define I/O Description


3 Drive1+ Output Drive inverter A group bridge arm
4 Drive1- Output
5 Drive2+ Output Drive inverter B group bridge arm
6 Drive2- Output
7 Drive3+ Output Drive inverter C group bridge arm
8 Drive3- Output
9 Drive4+ Output Drive inverter D group bridge arm
10 Drive4- Output
11 Resonance_O+ Input Resonant / bus current error
12 Resonance_OI- Input
13 X X
14 Inv_TMP+ Input Inverter temperature error
15 Inv_TMP- Input
16 Resonance_CRMS+ Input Resonant current effective value feed back
17 Resonance_CRMS- Input
18 INF_det inverter drive board short circuit
19 INF_det
20~25 X

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X10 description

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Table 54: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X10 description

Pin Define I/O Description


1 CS1_H Input CT SPI1 chip Select Signal H
2 SCLK1_H Input CT SPI1 chip Clock Signal H
3 SDO1_H Input CT SPI1 chip Output Signal H
4 CT_GND GND CT GND
5 CS2_H Input CT SPI2chip Select Signal H
6 SCLK2_H Input CT SPI2 chip Clock Signal H
7 SDO2_H Input CT SPI2 chip Output Signal H
8 CT_GND GND CT GND
9 CS_H Input CT SPI chip Select Signal H
10 SCLK_H Input CT SPI chip Clock Signal H
11 SDI_H Output CT SPI chip Output Signal H
12 CT_GND GND CT GND
13 HV_JB2L Output Cable connection confirm signal
14 CS1_L Input CT SPI1 chip Select Signal L
15 SCLK1_L Input CT SPI1 chip Clock Signal L
16 SDO1_L Input CT SPI1 chip Output Signal L
17 CT_GND GND CT GND
18 CS2_L Input CT SPI2chip Select Signal L
19 SCLK2_L Input CT SPI2 chip Clock Signal L
20 SDO2_L Input CT SPI2 chip Output Signal L

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Table 54: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X10 description

Pin Define I/O Description


21 CT_GND GND CT GND
22 CS_L Input CT SPI chip Select Signal L
23 SCLK_L Input CT SPI chip Clock Signal L
24 SDI_L Output CT SPI chip Output Signal L
25 CT_GND GND CT GND

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X11 description


Table 55: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X11 description

Pin Define I/O Description


1 Contactor_Ok_H Input Contactor pull-in +
2 Contactor_Ok_L Input Contactor pull-in -
3 DCBus_dectect Input DC bus feed back (0-10V)
4 DCBus_GND Input DC bus feed back ground
5 DCBus_GND Input DC bus feed back ground
6 Precharge_on_H Output Precharge+
7 Precharge_on_L Output Precharge-
8 Contactor_on_H Output Contactor on+
9 Contactor_on_L Output Contactor on-

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X12 description

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Table 56: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X12 description

Pin Define I/O Description


1 CT_+5V Power CT +5V output voltage
2 CT_+5V Power CT +5V output voltage
3 Starter_ON_L Input CT starter_ON command
4 NLTest_L Input CT no load test command
5 X_PREP_L Input CT sending X-PREP command
6 GM_ON_L Input CT sending GM_ON_L command
7 FA0 Input CT sending address FA0
8 FA2 Input CT sending address FA2
9 FD0 Output CT Receiving address FD0
10 FD2 Output CT Receiving address FD2
11 FD4 Output CT Receiving address FD4
12 FD6 Output CT Receiving address FD6
13 Contactor_STAT_L Output CT Receiving Contactor_STAT status
14 HV_ON_STAT_L Output CT Receiving HV_ON_STAT status
15 Fault_L Output CT Receiving Fault Status
16 Reservel_L Output Reserved
17 DVCC+12V Power Control Board output +12V
18 DGND Power Control Board GND
19 HV_JB1L Output Cable Connection confirm signal
20 CT_+5V Power CT output +5V

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Table 56: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X12 description

Pin Define I/O Description


21 Contactor_ON_L Input CT Sending Contactor_ON command
22 RESET_L Input CT sending reset error command
23 VMA_L Input CT sending MA mode command
24 HV_ON_L Input CT sending HV_ON command
25 B_POS_L Input CT sending B_POS command
26 FA1 Input CT sending Address FA1
27 FIL_OFF_L Input CT sending FIL_OFF command
28 FD1 Output CT receiving FD1
29 FD3 Output CT receiving FD3
30 FD5 Output CT receiving FD5
31 FD7 Output CT receiving FD7
32 Starter_STAT_L Output CT receiving Starter_STAT status
33 GM_OK_L Output CT receiving GM_OK status
34 HV_ARC_L Output CT receiving HV_ARC status
35 CRC_ACK_L Output CRC checking error
36 DVCC+12V Power Control Board output +12V
37 ii power Control Board Ground

Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X13 description

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Table 57: Fironia-50 System Control Board Interface X13 description

Pin Define I/O Description


1 -12V .5A
2 12V 1A
3 GND
4 12V 5A
5 GND
6 5V 1.2A
7 5VGND

Fironia-50 System Control Board indicator LEDs description


Table 58: Fironia-50 System Control Board indicator LEDs description

No. LED Name No. Color Description


1 DONE V30 Green FPGA configuration successful
2 CT_X_PREP V20 Green exposure preparation
3 CT_NLTest V78 Green No load test mode
4 Starter_Inf_Dec V108 Red Anode Interface detection
5 CT_VAM V80 Green Change MA indicator
6 FAULT V73 Red Error indicator
7 HV_ON_State V51 Yellow HV_ON status indicator
8 HV_Starter_State V54 Green Anode starter
9 +5V V121 Green +5V power indicator

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Table 58: Fironia-50 System Control Board indicator LEDs description

No. LED Name No. Color Description


10 +12V V119 Green +12V power indicator
11 -12V V118 Green -12V power indicator
12 3.3V V47 Green +3.3V power indicator
13 SRVRXD V87 Green Serial port receiving indicator
14 SRVTXD V88 Green Serial port transmitting indicator
15 FIL_State V52 Green Filament power supply normally
16 HV_Constanct state V77 Green Constatctor Pull_in
17 Test_MODE V57 Green Test Mode
18 2.5V V2 Green +2.5V Power indicator
19 1.2V V3 Green +1.2V Power indicator
20 GMVCC+12V V120 Green Grid module +12V power supply
21 GM_ON_State V80 Green Grid Power Control Enable
22 ARC V86 Red ARC
23 Tank_Inf_Dec V109 Red Tank interface detection
24 Inv_Inf_Dec V110 Red Inverter interface detection
25 Tube_Inf_Dec V117 Red Tube wall current interface detection

Fironia-50 System Control Board Test Point Definition


Table 59: Fironia-50 System Control Board Test Point Definition

No. Test Point Name No. Description


1 GND TP9 GND

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Table 59: Fironia-50 System Control Board Test Point Definition

No. Test Point Name No. Description


2 GND TP2 GND
3 GND TP3 GND
4 GND TP4 GND
5 KV FB TP5 kV feed back
6 GND TP6 GND
7 GND TP7 GND
8 3.3V TP8 3.3V power supply
9 2.5V TP9 2.5V power supply
10 1.2V TP10 1.2V power supply
11 REF2.5V TP11 Reference 2.5V power supply
12 GND TP12 GND
13 A_ARC_H_IN TP13 Anode High Arc
14 C_ARC_H)IN TP14 Cathode High Arc
15 REF1.25V TP15 Reference 1.25V
16 GND TP16 GND
17 GMDRIVEA TP17 Grid driver A
18 GMDRIVEB TP18 Grid drive B
19 StarterTXD TP19 Anode Serial port sending
20 GND TP20 GND
21 Contactor_ON TP21 AC contactor pull-in

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Table 59: Fironia-50 System Control Board Test Point Definition

No. Test Point Name No. Description


22 Starter_ON TP22 Anode Status feed back
23 RESET TP23 HV Reset
24 NLTest TP24 No Load test
25 VMA TP25 Change mA
26 X_PREP TP26 X-ray on preparation
27 HV_ON_L TP27 HV X-ray on status
28 GM_ON_L TP28 Grid effective
29 VCC+5V TP29 5V Power supply
30 GND TP30 GND
31 FiberTX TP31 Fiber transmitting
32 StarterSPISOMI TP32 Anode SPI
33 FiberRX TP33 Fiber Receiving
34 pidouttest TP34 PID output test
35 Reservel_L TP35 Reserved
36 StarterErr TP36 Anode Error
37 B_POS_L TP37 BPOS signal
38 FA0 TP38 Address FA0
39 FA1 TP39 Address FA1
40 FA2 TP40 Address FA2
41 FIL_OFF TP41 Filament OFF

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Table 59: Fironia-50 System Control Board Test Point Definition

No. Test Point Name No. Description


42 HV_INV_TMP TP42 Inverter Overcurrent
43 HV_INV_TMP TP43 Inverter Over temperature
44 StarterRXD TP44 Anode serial receiving
45 GND TP45 GND
46 HV_Contactor_OK TP46 AC contactor staus
47 GND TP47 GND
48 FILSET TP48 Filament setting
49 IRms TP49 Current circuit feed back
50 GND TP50 GND
51 HV_Contactor_ON TP51 HV contactor Pull_in command
52 HV_Precharge_ON TP52 HV precharge command
53 GND TP57 GND
54 GND TP58 GND
55 GND TP59 GND
56 GND TP60 GND
57 AmAFB TP61 Anode mA feedback
58 CKVFB TP62 Cathode kV feed back
59 AKVFB TP63 Anode kV feed back
60 CmAFB TP64 Cathode mA feed back
61 test0 TP65 Reserved Test0

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Table 59: Fironia-50 System Control Board Test Point Definition

No. Test Point Name No. Description


62 test1 TP66 Reserved Test1
63 test2 TP67 Reserved Test2
64 test3 TP68 Reserved Test3
65 AGND TP69 Analog GND
66 KVFB TP70 kV feed back
67 mAFB TP71 mA feed back
68 FilFB TP72 Filament feed back
69 C_ARC_H_FPGA TP73 Anode High ARC feed back
70 A_ARC_H_FPGA TP74 Cathode High ARC feed back
71 CmA_FB TP75 Cathode mA feed back
72 C_ARC_L_FPGA TP76 Cathode low ARC feed back
73 A_ARC_L_FPGA TP77 Anode low ARC feed back

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High Voltage System and X-ray Tube
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X-ray Tube
Tube Model: Dunlee CTR2150CEPN 5.0M

Tube Insert

Physical Metal Center Tube with a single filament and two separate beam position control grids.

Diameter 190 mm

Track: Tungsten-rhenium (5%-11& Rhenium)


Target Material Cap: TZM (Titanium Zirconium Molybdenum alloy)
Back: Graphite

Angle 7

Maximum Peak Voltage 140 kV+ 2% ripple

Anode to ground (maximum) 70 kV+ 2% ripple

Electrical Anode Integrated pigtail three pin federal standard, with 90 elbow

Cathode to ground (maximum) 70 kV+ 2% ripple

Cathode Integrated pigtail four pin federal standard, with 90 elbow

Maximum anode heat storage 5.0MHU at 1080C

Maximum usable heat storage at 100% capacity 5.0 MHU

Anode max cooling rate 6kW/8.4KHU/sec

Anode continuous heat dissipation (at 100% H.S.) 6kW/8.4KHU/sec

50kW@35sec@20%Initial Heat Storage, 50kW@25sec@40%


Worst case scenario protocols
Thermal Initial Heat Storage, 50kW@14sec @60% Initial Heat Storage

25kw@ 20% initial heat storage, or 14kW@60% initial heat


Maximum power at 100 sec continuous spiral time
storage

Heating and Cooling curve use TTS

6.0kW at 40C delta temperature (difference between hot oil


Heat Exchanger dissipation temperature and ambient air temperature) operating in a gantry
with 35C maximum ambient air temperature

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Tube Insert

Filament Wiring One Filament, Large connected to Common

2.2 A standby
Filament Current Ratings (Small & Large):
5.2 A Instantaneous

Filament Frequency Limits 50kHz - 50kHz maximum


Filament
Filament V-A Characteristics 9.6V - 13.9V@4.0-5.0A

Filament boost time Should include 1 sec before, 3 sec after end of scan

-1000V Bias nominal for Large spot, and - 1500 V Bias nominal
Filament emissions characteristics
for small spot

Small: 0.5x1.3mm IEC 60336


Focal Spot Data Focal Spot Size (Nominal)
Large: 1.0x1.3mm IEC 60336

Small Width (FWHM): 0.5 to 0.7mm


Small Width (FW0.1M):0.6 to 0.9mm
Large Width (FWHM): 1.0 to 1.2mm
Focal Spot Actual Limits (Slit)
Larger Width(FWH0.1M): 1.1 to 1.4 mm
Large Length (FWHM): 1.3 to 1.8
Large Length (FW0.1M): 1.5 to 2.0

Testing method (Resolution of measuring instrument Small 120kV,100mA, slit/digital camera


at least 0.05mm) Large 120kV,150mA, slit/digital camera

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Tube Insert

Grid Voltages Range 0 to -3000 VDC

Adjustment to grid voltages will allow the position of either large


Focal Spot Position or small focal spot to move 0.63 with nominal value of 0.427
mm from the center (unbiased) position in X direction.

For given grid voltages, the focal spots will be stable in the X
Focal Spot Stability Due to Mechanical Grid
direction to within 0.05 mm during the scan and from scan to
Movement
scan over a time range of the life of the tube.

Leakage current between each grid and filament less than 40


Grid leakage Current microamps with -3 kV between that grid and filament, and the
Grid Voltages filament heated at 5.0 amps for a minimum of 4 minutes

Normally DC - 4 kHz square waves with 50% dwell on alternate


Switching Rate
focal spot positions.

The x-ray output intensity should not vary more than 3% from
one position to the other when measured at a defined
X-Ray Output Modulation
frequency (2320Hz) and grid voltages adjusted for both
nominal focal spot sizes

Focal Spot to Mounting Distance 76mm 2mm

When viewing the x-ray tube port with the anode down -
Grid Identification
cathode up, G1 is on the left and G2 is on the right

Focal Spot
Unbiased focal spot will be within 1 mm of the center of the port bolt pattern
Centering

Focal Spot Motion In "Z" Axis (Tilt +/- 30o) 0.075 mm maximum
due to Gravity In X Axis 0.05mm maximum

Focal Spot Motion


due to Anode In "Z" Axis (Anode Wobble Hot) 0.05mm maximum
Rotation

Focal Spot Motion


due to Anode In "Z" Axis 0.03 mm maximum
Heating

Radiation Variation
Physical vibration from rotation at imaging speed will not cause flounce modulation beyond 0.5% pp DC to 5 kHz
(X-ray Modulation)

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Voltage System Protection Function

Tube Housing

Minimum Fan Angle: +/- 27.2


Coverage
Minimum Fan Width:+/- 2.75

Housing Port Window AI (artifact free & visually clean)

X-Ray Beam Half Value Layer 3.4 mm Al min. @ 120 kVp

Beam uniformity <10% variation across fan beam with cutoffs at 90% of max

Inherent filtration (actual) 1.5 mm Al min. @75kV(IEC)

Materials affecting inherent filtration Be: 0.060 0.03 mm, Ultem: 2.3 0.13 mm, Oil: 14 2 mm

Main Winding (Blk to Wht): 8.2715% Ohms@ 25C,


Stator Coil Resistance
Sub coil (Grn to Wht): 8.2715%Ohms @ 25C

Insulation Resistance (hypot)@ 1750VAC,


20 Mg ohm minimum
T=2015C

High Speed 105 Hz

Stator Acceleration (Boost) 9 Amp

Run 3 Amp

Hold over 20 minutes after last scan then brake to 15 Hz using 8


Brake
Amp

Boost time for full speed @125 Hz, 0-6,300 RPM in less than 20s

Hold Over 20 minutes after last scan then brake to 15Hz

Heat Exchanger

Dimensions 15.5" (W) x 15" (H) x 8.6" (D)

Weight (with Oil) 17.25 kg


Physical
<= 65 dB at 1.0 m (facing the finger guards of the heat
Acoustic Noise
exchanger, 55dB maximum background)

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Heat Exchanger

Heat Exchanger Power 220V10% VAC,6/7 Amp, at 50HZ

Electrical 6.0kW at 40C delta temperature (difference between hot oil


Power Dissipation temperature and ambient air temperature) operating with 35C
maximum ambient air temperature

Safety

Two thermal switch mounted on the housing. Thermal switch contacts are normally closed, opening at approximately
Thermal Switch
80C. Rating 12 A at 240 VAC

Pressure Switch A pressure switch is installed at the outlet of the pump. It is normally closed. It opens if the pressure drops below 3 PSI

In case of system power failure with the anode at 90% heat storage, no oil leakage or damage to housing and insert will
Power Failure Test
occur.

Environmental Specifications

Ambient Air Temp. 5C to 40C

Operating Limits Humidity 5% to 95%

G forces: 11g acceleration during scan. 11g acceleration emergency braking.

Ambient Air Temp. -30C to 70C


Environmental
Specs for Storage Humidity 10% to 90%
and Transportation
G forces 10G maximum shock

SEASONING and Daily Warm-Up

Use for all new tubes or tubes out of service over 7 days. Do not operate tube above 100kV until seasoning procedure is completed.
Make scans until the 90% heat limit is reached. Then continue to scan for 5 minutes maintaining maximum anode temperature.

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Rotor Control Board High Voltage Control Module

HV Generator and X-Ray Tube Error Protection


Exposure command HV_ON can only be executed when the following conditions are met, these conditions are also
required during exposure:
HV error signals (Arc, Anode_OV, Cathod_OV, Anode_OI, Cathode_OI, Filament_OI, ACU_TMP, HV_ABNORMAL,
STARTER_Err) are low
HV signal (PS_OK, Starter_stat) is on
Temperature switch and flow switch are closed

X-ray Tube filament protection


Tube filament current should switch to STANDBY in 100s after its last exposure, or the Rotor Control Board will switch
Tube filament current to STANDBY by force.

Unknown exposure command protection


When the HV_ON_STATUS is active (KV output > 10kV) and the HV_ON signal is OFF, the Rotation Control Board will
switch off the AC contactor of the HV CHASSIS ASSY X3815 to cut off power.

Single exposure longest time protection


The maximum exposure time is 102s, the Rotor Control Board will switch OFF the HV_ON signal when the maximum
allowable exposure time has expired.

Unnecessary Radiation protection


The Rotor Control Board has an independent counter, when the counter expires the exposure will be stopped.

Dose protection
There are two signals that to control HV exposure. It protects the system exposure while errors occur.
HV Control module will detect the kV and mA feedback, and compare them with the setting value.

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HV generator self protection

DC rail short cut protection


When the HV generator receives the command Contactor on, it first charges the DC rectifying filter capacitance
through pre-charge circuit. If the DC rail circuit does not reach 150V in 4s, the HV generator will ignore the command
Contactor on.

X-Ray Tube Anode Motor protection


While the Tube Motor is running, if one of the Tube Anode Motor AC inputs is abnormal, the HV generator will cut off the
Anode power supply and report Starter Error at the same time.

HV Generator temperature protection


A temperature sensor real time detects the temperature of Main Inverter Unit on HV generator, whether temperature is
greater than the setting Maximum value, the exposure will be stopped. INTERER_TMP ERROR will be reported.

Arc protection
When the feedback value of mA is greater than 25A detected by the HV Generator, and it continues for more than 2uF,
the exposure will be stopped and cut off the output.

Tube self protection

Tube temperature protection


Two temperature switches are used to protect the Tube.

Tube temperature heat exchanger protection


A flow switch is used to protect the Tube Heat Exchanger, to ensure the cooling system will work well.

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Collimator System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Collimator System

Composition and Function of the Collimator System

Composition of collimator system


A-Plane system on page 131

Function
The Collimator system is used to restrict the width of X-ray that is accepted by the patient and filter the energy of X-ray.

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Collimator System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

A-Plane system
1. Filter Position Detector Board
2. Slice Thickness Detection Board
3. Z Position Detection Board
4. Step Motor ASSY A
5. Step Motor ASSY B
6. Pre-collimator Lead ASSY
7. Step Motor Driver

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1 6 3

Figure 43: Step Motor Driver

4 2 5

Figure 42: A-plane System

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Figure 44: A-Plane System Block

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Collimator System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Function of the A-Plane


Set the Slice Thickness adjustment
Set the restriction of Z-axis on X-ray
Set the Filter position switch
Set the Focus Track

Slice Thickness
This function is used to set the Slice Thickness adjustment.

Specifications
Set the Nonpolar adjustment; Maximum Thickness:10mm; Minimum Thickness: Zero (cut off X-ray); Resolution:
0.02mm
Step Motor ASSY A
Motor A: step Angle 1.8, 200 step per Cycle
Tommy screw lead: 5mm
Driver A: 25 step resolution, 2.5A output
ASSY A: 5000 step per Cycle, resolution: 0.001mm.
Feedback Encoder is incremental style, resolution: 500CRP; linear distance for one cycle is 0.01mm; Setup Zero
position the same as Detector Board Zero position photoelectric couplers; photoelectric couplers re-position
resolution is 0.006mm; limited position detection is realized by photoelectric coupler.
Step Motor A
Lead scope: 0-71mm
Slice thickness adjustment scope: 0-10mm
Resolution: 0.02mm
Offset range: 2mm
MAX speed:10mm/s
Slice Z-axis Position

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Collimator System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Work Mode

Wheel

Wedge Block
The A-plane moves the Wedge block in the X-Axial direction to push
the wheel driving the slice open or close

Figure 45: A-plane Work Mode

Slice Thickness Detection Board


Table 60: Definition of Slice Thickness Limit Position

U1 Limit Photoelectric coupler U2 Zero Position Photoelectric U3 Limit Photoelectric coupler


Photoelectric Coupler Position
(Near) coupler (Far)

Near Limit Position 1 0 0

Zero Position 0 1 0

Far Limit Position 0 0 1

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Collimator System
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Far Limit Zero Near Limit

Figure 46: Slice Thickness Detection Board

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Collimator System
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Slice Center
This functionality is used to restrict the X-Ray radiation on the Z-Axis.

Specifications
Resolution: 0.02mm
Step Motor ASSY B:
Motor B: step Angle 1.8, 200 step per Cycle
Tommy screw lead: 5mm
Driver B: 25 step resolution, 2.5A output
ASSY B - 5000 step per Cycle, resolution: 0.001mm.
The Feedback Encoder is incremental style, resolution: 500CRP
linear Distance for one cycle is 0.01mm
Setup Zero position the same as Detector Board Zero position photoelectric couplers
Photoelectric couplers reposition resolution is 0.006mm
Limited position detection is realized by photoelectric coupler
Step Motor B
Lead scope: 0-90mm
Slice center adjustment scope: 0-5mm
Resolution: 0.02mm
Offset range: 2mm
MAX speed:10mm/s

Z Position Detection Board


Table 61: Definition of Slice Thickness Limit Position

U1 Limit Photoelectric Coupler U2 Zero Position Photoelectric U3 Limit Photoelectric Coupler


Photoelectric Coupler Position
(Near) Coupler (Far)

Near Limit Position 1 0 0

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Table 61: Definition of Slice Thickness Limit Position

U1 Limit Photoelectric Coupler U2 Zero Position Photoelectric U3 Limit Photoelectric Coupler


Photoelectric Coupler Position
(Near) Coupler (Far)

Zero Position 0 1 0

Far Limit Position 0 0 1

Far Limit

Zero

Near Limit

Figure 47: Z Position Detection Board

Filter Position
The functionality is to position the filter in the X-Ray beam path.

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Specifications
Filter Position includes Air position, Body position and Focus Measure Position.
Filter Position and Limited Position detection is realized by the photoelectric coupler
Filter lead scope: 25mm

Filter Position Detection Board


Table 62:

U3 Body U1 Limit
U5 Limit Photoelectric U4 Focus measure U2 air Photoelectric
Photoelectric Coupler Position Photoelectric Photoelectric
Coupler (Far) Photoelectric Coupler Coupler
Coupler Coupler (Near)

Near Limit Position 0 0 0 0 1

Focus Measure Position 0 0 0 1 0

Air Position 0 0 1 0 0

Body Position 0 1 0 0 0

Far Limit Position 1 0 0 0 0

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Near Limit
Far Limit

Body Position
Focus Measure
Position

Air Position

Figure 48: Filter Position Detection Board

Filter Position Change Procedure


1. Step Motor ASSY A adjusts the Slice Thickness to Zero. This disengages the clutch.
2. Step Motor ASSY B moves to object position (does not carry the compensator).
3. Step Motor ASSY A adjusts the thickness to 10mm. This engages the clutch.
4. Step Motor ASSY B moves to object position (carry the compensator).
5. The thickness and A-plane Z position returns to initialization position before adjust compensator.

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A-Plane Step Motor Servo

J1 J2

Indicator Light Monitor Current and


Step Resolution Switch

Figure 49: A-Plane Step Motor Servo

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Table 63: J1 Input from Rotor Control Board

I/O Socket Pin Pin Signal Remark Description

Input 1 OPTO +5V User supplied power for the opto-isolators

A low-to-high transition on this terminal advances the motor


Input 2 PULSE 200kHz one step. The step size is determined by the Step
Resolution Switch setting

When this signal is high, motor rotation is clockwise,


Input 3 DIR
rotation is counterclockwise when this signal is low.

When this signal is low, AC and DC current to the motor is


Input 4 AWO zero. There will be no holding torque when the AWO signal
is low.

Table 64: J2 to Step Motor and 24V Power Supply

I/O Socket Pin Pin Signal Remark

Output 1 Phase A+

Output 2 Phase A-

Output 3 Phase B+

Output 4 Phase B-

Input 5 24V 3.5A

6 GND

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Motor Current and Step Resolution Switch


The proper current setting for each motor is shown on the individual torque vs. speed curves. Use this current level to
obtain the torque shown. Switches 1 through 5 are used to select the current level. Select the desired operating current
by setting the appropriate switch to position 1 (ON). The OFF position is labeled 0. Only one switch should be on. If
two or more switches are ON, the one which selects the highest current level will be the active switch.
Table 65: Switch Setting

Position Current (A)

None 1.0

1 1.5

2 2.0

3 2.5

4 3

5 3.5

When Switch 6 is in the OFF position, the current at standby goes to


50% of the selected level. This occurs between 1 and 2 seconds after
the last pulse is received. When switch 6 is in the ON position, the
current at standby remains at full value.

The value highlighted above is the current setting on MX 16-slice CT.

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The number of pulses-per-revolution is selected using positions 7 and 8 of the switch described in Current Settings.
Table 66 shows the correct switch setting for each available step resolution.
Table 66: Step Resolution

Switch Position
Step Resolution Pulses-Per-Resolution
7 8

0 0 1/2 400

1 0 1/10 2000

0 1 1/25 5000

1 1 1/100 20000

The value highlighted above is current setting on MX 16-slice CT.

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Step Motor
Danaher Motion Company T2HNRLH-LDN-C5-00
The Max holding torque is 0.52Nm
Self configured encoder (Encoder Products Company 15T series), Resolution 500CPR

Figure 50: Figure 51: Step Motor Speed Curve

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Flow Chart-Collimator Initializing

Power on
or Software reset
Initialization Start

Delay 2 Seconds

Initialize X axis Initialize Filter Position


Start Start

Slice Width Zero or Near- Far-limit is 1,


limit optocoupler is 1? or all 0

Filter Position optocoupler


N
is 00010(Body)?
Y
Null, Focus,
Far-limit,
X axis Motor run to 10mm, Y or others
dir far from Zero optocoupler N Filter Position
X axis Motor run to 0mm, optocoupler is 00001
until cover Zero optocoupler N
or 00011
(Near-limit)?
X axis Motor run to 0mm,
until cover Zero optocoupler
Y

Z axis Motor run to 12mm, Filter Position move Filter Position move
Initialize Z axis dir far from Zero optocoupler forward a step backward a step
Start

Slice Position Zero or Near- Far-limit is 1, Initialization Finish,


limit optocoupler is 1? or all 0 Collimator Ready is 1

Z axis Motor run to 10mm,


dir far from Zero optocoupler
N

Z axis Motor run to 0mm,


until cover Zero optocoupler

Figure 52: Collimator Initializing

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Flow Chart-Collimator Operation

Slice or Filter
or Both set
Commands

Slice Position > Z axis Motor run to


Y
17mm ? 16mm

Record Slice
Both set update? Y Width and Slice N
Position

N Slice Position < Z axis Motor run to


Y
12mm ? 13mm
Backup Slice
Filter set update? Y Width and Slice
Position
N
N

X axis Motor run to


N Slice set update? Filter set = Current new Width
position?
N
Y
Z axis Motor run to
Filter set > Current new Position
Renew Slice position?
Width and Slice N
Position

Y
X axis Motor rerun
Y Filter Position Filter Position with
move forward a move backward a new Width
step step

Z axis Motor rerun


with
new Position

Figure 53: Collimator Operation

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Flow Chart-Filter Forward

Filter Backward
Operation

Current position is
00010 or
N
00100 or
Z axis Motor run to
Slice Position > 17mm ? Y 01000?
16mm

Y
N

Z axis Motor run to Z axis Motor run to


Z axis Motor run to 29mm 26mm
Slice Position < 12mm ? Y
13mm

N
X axis Motor run to
50mm
X axis Motor run to
0mm
Z axis Motor run to
10mm

Figure 54: Filter Forward

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Flow Chart-Filter Backward

Filter Forward
Operation

Current position is
00010 or N
Z axis Motor run 00100 or
Slice Position > 17mm ? Y 01000?
to 16mm

N Y

Z axis Motor run to Z axis Motor run to


Z axis Motor run 0mm 3mm
Slice Position < 12mm ? Y
to 13mm

N
X axis Motor run to
50mm
X axis Motor run to
0mm

Z axis Motor run to


19mm

Figure 55: Filter Backward

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DMS

Overview
The DMS (Data Measurement System), located on the Gantry Rotor, provides the following functions:
Converts X-ray radiation passed through the patients body into digital data
Preprocesses the digital data (compress the data)
Transfers preprocessed data to the Operating Console via the Optical Link
Internal temperature stabilization by automatic/manual control in a closed loop
Transfer the Reference Converter
Transfers RAW data to the Host Computer (Data Receiving Card) for the reconstruction process

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DMS Functional Description

Slipring
Slipring

High Voltage
High Voltage
X-Ray
X-Ray
Tube
Generator
Generator
Tube

Detectors
Detectors

Figure 56: System Block Diagram

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DMS Power Supply Distribution

G203

G201 G202
G204

Figure 57: DMS Power Supply


Table 67: DMS Power Supply

G201 G202 G203 G204

Voltage [VDC] -5.75 3.3 5.75 24

Tolerance [%] +/- 4 +/- 5 +/- 4 -

Ripple RMS [mV] 20 20 20 -

Nominal Power [W] 75 66 65 -

Over Voltage Protection [V] -9.5 5 9.5 -

Max. Current [A] 13 20 11.2 -

Over Current Protection


Max. Current * 1.4 -
Current Limit [ratio]

Input AC [V] 220V

Switch Power Type HWS80-5 HWS100-3 HWS80-5 HWS30-24

Provide with DMS DMS DMS DMSs

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Main Subassembly Outline

ADM (Array Detector Module)


42 ADMs that convert X-ray radiation passed through the patients body into digital data, that can be measured and
manipulated.

RCOM
Performs pre-calculation (PREP) and transfers the data in the correct format to the Data Receiving Card on the
Console, via the Optical Slip Ring with a 800 Mbits/sec Baud rate.

!
CAUTION There are two types of DMS Assemblies with different RCOM boards. The different RCOM board
are not interchangeable.

Fan
Cools the ADMs

Data Sampling and Scan Mode


Scan Field Of View is 500 mm
The scanner supports the following collimation apertures:
Single: 1.5 mm, 3 mm, 6 mm
Quad: 4x0.75 mm, 4x1.5 mm, 4x3 mm
Octal: 8x3 mm
Hex: 16x0.75 mm, 16x1.5 mm

The main features of the MX 16-slice CT scanner affecting the DMS are:
Simultaneous acquisition of up to 16 channels
FOV (Field of View) coverage of up to 500 mm

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Z coverage of up to 24 mm
Slice width thickness is 0.75 mm (x16)
Shortest rotation time of 0.5 sec/360o, leading to centrifugal mechanical forces of 22G on certain DMS components
Longest spiral scan time is 100 sec.
Maximum data transfer rate to the Gantry is 1.1 Gb/second
Internal temperature Detection

Operating Temperature Overview


The DMS internal operating temperature of 34C 1C.
The DMS temperature control is done by a closed loop control. The Temperature Control functions are:
Reading the Temperature sensors.
Fan speed control
Temperature sensors read the DMB air temperature, and activates the fans according to the defined closed loop
control. The temperature information is passed through the RCOM to the Host Computer.

DMS Main Subassemblies


The DMS main subassemblies are as follows:
ADM (Array Detector Module) on page 153
DMS Mother Board (DMB) on page 161
RCOM on page 168
Reference Detector and Converter on page 181
Cradle on page 183

ADM Type Identification


Before replacing any ADM(s), you must identify the type of ADM present in the DMS. Identify the ADM type for ordering
according to the DMS serial number or Part number (Table 68 on page 155) appearing on the DMS cover label. Label
location - left side of the DMS cover when the DMS is in the 12 oclock position. See Figure 58 on page 155 and
Figure 59 on page 155.
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NOTE The spare part PN may change during the life time of the parts. Make sure that you have the latest PN in the
eSPF before ordering the new spare part.

Table 68: DMS Configurations

DMS Type DMS PN ADM Type Description ADM PN

GPN DMS Assy 455012003861 BR G ADM ASSY 455012003801

BR. G TYPE MODULES KIT 455012203371

DPN DMS Assy 455012003941 BR. D TYPE SINGLE ADM KIT 455012203481

BR. D TYPE MODULES KIT 455012203481

green handle

Figure 58: GPN DMS Label Figure 59:

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blue handle

Figure 60: DPN DMS Label


Figure 61:
Each one of the 42 Array Detector Modules (ADMs) (see Figure 62 on page 157) includes the following:
A Detector Array
A highly mechanically-accurate ADM Card (ADMC) PCB base. Its function is to carry 8 FEE ASICs with 32 data
channels each. The ADMC also carries voltage regulators to supply the voltages needed by the ASIC and
reference voltage. The detector array is connected mechanically and electrically to the ADMC via a high-density
connector and leading mechanical supports.
An Anti-Scatter (AS) cassette, which minimizes the amount of detected scattered radiation, is mounted on top of the
ADM in a very precise manner, similar to the Mx8000 IDT anti-scatter.

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Mechanical Handle and Holder

Figure 62: ADM

Detector Array
The Detection Array detects the intensity of the X-ray radiation transmitted through the patient and converts it to current.
The Detector Array is a third generation type, covered by an axial fan beam, with a diameter of 500 mm in the center of
rotation of the gantry. The MX 16-slice CT detector array is two-dimensional, consisting of 672 detector columns on 42
Array Detector Modules, 16 columns per module (see Figure 63 on page 158).
To obtain two-dimensional coverage, each detector column is divided into sub-segments or pixels, that cover the
equivalent of 16 x 0.75 mm and 16 x 1.5 mm slices in the center of rotation. The 16 x 1.5 mm mode is obtained by
multiplexing pairs of the 16 x 0.75 mm internal section, and other 2 external sections of 4 x 1.5 mm.
The Detection Array consists of scintillating crystal arrays with high X-ray stopping power and high light yield, mounted
on correspondingly segmented Photo diode Arrays (PDA), that convert the scintillating light into electrical current.

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The PDA is mounted on a highly accurate base, that also carries on-board multiplexes. A connector transfers the
detector signals to the FEE ASICS, that are mounted on the ADMC.

4 x 1.5 mm 8 x 0.75 mm 8 x 0.75 mm 4 x 1.5 mm

Figure 63: Detector Array

Segments: 4x1.5 mm, 16x0.75 mm, 4x1.5mm


Segments per column: 24
16 X 0.75 mm
Basic Slice thickness: 16 x 1.5 mm (fused 2 x 0.75 mm)
8 x 3 mm (fused 4x0.75 & 2x1.5 mm)

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Basic Slice Widths


16 x 0.75 mm

16 x 1.5 mm

8 x 3 mm

Slice width is selection done by Select 0 and 1 signals (see Figure 64 on page 160).

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Array Detector Module Card (ADMC)


The ADMC carries 8 FEE 32 channel ASICS (see Figure 64 on page 160). The ASIC is a mixed analog and digital
signal technology.
Each ASIC input channel receives the current of 32 detector segments, and converts each current into digital data.
The ASIC has an internal offset current injector to provide a minimum output signal in case of a very low signal.
The conversion rate as a function of Input-Current is variable and is set according to the expected current range during
a specific clinical protocol.

128 Input Side A

DET_A_OUT1
DET_A_OUT128 32 32 32 32

Detector Inputs Connector


SOUT_A

Main Connector
Detector Array

Select 0 Asic1_A Asic2_A Asic3_A Asic4_A Control


Select 1 Clock

Power SOUT_B
Asic1_B Asic2_B Asic3_B Asic4_B

DET_B_OUT1 32 32 32 32 Power
DET_B_OUT128

128 Input Side B

Power Timing
Regulators Control

Figure 64: ADMC Block Diagram

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DMS Mother Board (DMB)


The DMS motherboard, is composed of two connection boards, Left Motherboard (LMB) (see Figure 66 on page 163)
and Right Motherboard (RMB) (see Figure 67 on page 163).
The DMB is an interface between the DMS components and the external devices on the Gantry as follows:

DMS Components
42 ADMsconnect with a fixed connector (part of the ADM board)
RCOM boardone connector on each DMS motherboard
Fan Assemblytwo fans on each side of the DMS cradle

External Devices
Reference Detector and Reference Converter
Switching Power supply
The RCOM receives digital data from all the ADMs.

The RCOM is plugged into the DMB with one connector to each one of the DMB boards (LMB, RMB). The DMS
motherboards contain active components for delivering control data and clock to the Detector Modules, and serial data
from the detector modules connection to the RCOM (see Figure 65 on page 162).
The DMB and the RCOM are located in a board cage for EMI shielding.

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Temperature sensors, Driver Buffers, Voltage Regulators, power supply test points, and the shutdown unit are the only
active components on the DMB.

FAN L

ADM 01
Serial output
Temperature
Reference Converter Sensing & Fan
Controlling Control ADM 02
Distributor

LMB
DMS PS I
RCOM Left Clock
Connection Distributor
DMS PS II

ADM 21

Supplies to RMB
ADM 22

Control
RCOM Right Distributor
24V for
Connection
Fans
RMB
Clock
Temperature Distributor ADM 41
Sensing & Fan
Controlling
DMC16 I/F Serial output
ADM 42

FAN R

Figure 65: DMB Block Diagram


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Figure 72 and Figure 72 display the Left and Right Motherboards when the DMS is in the 6 oclock position.

Figure 66: Left Motherboard (LMB) Figure 67: Right Motherboard (RMB)

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Mother Board Connections

Ref Convertor
R-Host
PS1

PS from LMB DMS FAN (24V)


PS to RMB
PS2
DMS FAN (24V)

Figure 68: DMS Cable Connections

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DMS Input Power Supply Measurement

Reference
RCOM FAN
Converter

+3.4VD

24V
+5.75VA; -5.75VA;
+3.4VD
+5.75VA; -5.75VA;
+3.4VD ADM 1
External Power Supply + CDMP 24V

+3.4VD
LMB
+3.4VD

+5.75VA; -5.75VA; +3.4VD


+5.75VA; -5.75VA;
+5.75VA; -5.75VA;
+3.4VD ADM 21
+3.4VD

+5.75VA; -
5.75VA; +3.4VD ADM 22

RMB
+3.4VD
24V

+5.75VA; -5.75VA;
+3.4VD ADM 42

24V
FAN

Figure 69: Power Supply Overview

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The power supply to the DMS motherboard and to all components that connect to it comes from two Vicor Power
Supplies via three Switching Power Supplies:
PS1 (Vicor Power Supply)supplies 3.4V and 5.75V
PS2 (Vicor Power Supply)supplies 24V
The 24V supply separate to each one of the DMS motherboards (LMB and RMB) for the fans. The rest of the power
supply is passed from the Switching Power Supply to the LMB and then via the power cable is supplied to the RMB.

Test Points
The test points for the Right Motherboard are listed in Table 69 .
Table 69: Test PointsLeft Motherboard

Test Point Description

TP3 2.5V output from VR1 (TP8 is DGND)

TP4 2.5V output from VR2 (TP8 is DGND)

TP5 2.5V output from VR3 (TP8 is DGND)

TP10 -5.75V after Filter and Ripple Attenuator (TP9 is AGND)

TP11 +5.75V after Filter and Ripple Attenuator (TP9 is AGND)

TP12 +3.4V for RCOM after Filter (TP8 is DGND)

TP13 and TP2 +3.4V for MB and ADMs after Filter (TP8 is DGND)

TP14 24V for LEFT TEMP after Filter (TP15 is 24V_RET)

TP6 5V output from RCOM (TP8 is DGND)

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Test Points
The test points for the Left Motherboard are listed in Table 70 .
Table 70: Test PointsLeft Motherboard

Test Point Description

TP3 2.5V output from VR1 (TP8 is DGND)

TP4 2.5V output from VR2 (TP8 is DGND)

TP5 2.5V output from VR3 (TP8 is DGND)

TP10 -5.75V after Filter and Ripple Attenuator (TP9 is AGND)

TP11 +5.75V after Filter and Ripple Attenuator (TP9 is AGND)

TP12 +3.4V for RCOM after Filter (TP8 is DGND)

TP13 and TP2 +3.4V for MB and ADMs after Filter (TP8 is DGND)

TP14 24V for LEFT TEMP after Filter (TP15 is 24V_RET)

TP6 5V output from RCOM (TP8 is DGND)

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DMS
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

RCOM

Overview
The RCOM (Rotor Communication) board is a part of the DMS system (see Figure 70 and Figure 71 on page 170).

42 X Array Detector Modules

Control 84 differential
lines lines

12 differential
R lines
Control
H JTAG FPGA
Reference
DMB 2 differential lines Detector
O Programming
Lines
S RCOM
Board Temp Ctrl 1
T
Power Supply Temp Ctrl 2
P.S.

Fiber Optic line:


Readings Data

Fiber Optic line:


Slip Ring Readings Data
ACQ Board

Figure 70: RCOM Data Path


There are two types of RCOM assemblies. The main difference is compatibility with different ACQ boards.

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The RCOM boards main tasks are:


Receive 10752 detector values (16 Slices of 672 detectors each) from 42 ADMs, during each IP (Integration
Period).
Organize the detectors values in one structure (Reading). In each Reading the order of the detector values is the
same as the order of the detectors on the scanner.
Add a Header to each Reading with relevant data.
The Readings data is serialized, encoded, and transmitted through an optical transmitter to Console Host system
(Data Receiving Card Board), at 1.1Gbits/sec.
Receive the scan parameters and operation modes from RHost sub-system.
Generate the ADMs control lines timing and working mode.
Implement the Resend mechanism with the Data Receiving Card.
The RCOM board interfaces are:
Connection to 42 ADMs
Connection to the Rhost
Connection to the Data Receiving Card via the slip ring with a fiber-optic cable
Connection to the Rhost board via a fiber-optic cable, parallel to Data Receiving Card Connection, for Dose
modulation
Connection to temperature controllers

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Connection to Reference Detector

3 ADDR Buses
Receivers

Connection to LMB
Sout from 21 ADM Cards
ADDR 1st
1st Offset 1st
Control to 21 ADM Cards
Concentrator Data
Memory
Drivers &
Memory
Data 1st Pipeline
Ref. Converter Sout & Control Receivers 3 Data Buses

Control Mu Data

1st Temperature Control


Optical Transmitter Optical Link to DOM
Optocouplers Scan Control and
communication
Connection to RMB

Optical Transmitter Optical Link to ACQ


2nd Temperature Control

Control Mu Data

3 Data Buses

Data 2nd Pipeline


2nd Data 2nd 2nd
Control to 21 ADM Cards Concentrator Offset Memory
ADDR
Memory
Sout from 21 ADM Cards Receivers
3 ADDR Buses

Figure 71: RCOM Block Diagram

Functional Description

Serial to Parallel
The 42 (21x2) serial differential lines are converted from DIFF to TTL level and enter the Concentrator. From the
Concentrator data exits as 32 bit parallel data and passed to the memory.
When taking Offset readings, the parallel data is written via the Concentrator into the Offset memory (16 bit) (see
Figure 71 on page 170).

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Pipeline
The function of the PipeLine sub-block is to perform the following arithmetic operation:
MU = log2 [RAW-BIAS]

The result is 16bit data.


There are 2 Registers, DAS Control 1 and DAS Control 2, that control the processing and routing of data through the
Pipeline.
The Registers define what type of data is transferred from the RCOM:
Means (Log or Antilog, subtraction or without subtraction, Pass address, etc.)

Organizing the Reading


The values of all 10752 detectors, taken during one integration period (IP), and calculated in the Pipeline on the next IP,
are organized in same order as the detectors are located on the scanner. These values are stored with the
supplementary Header information in 64k x 64b Buffer Memory. This data structure of all detectors values with the
supplementary information is called a Reading (see Transmitting the Reading on page 173).
The Scan Control and Communication block is used for:
Receiving scan parameters from the Rhost.
Providing scan timing and Rhost handshake signals.
Writing the outcome values from the Pipelines into the Buff Mem in their location in the Reading structure (see
Figure 72 on page 172).
Writing the supplementary information (see Transmitting the Reading on page 173).
Reading the prepared Reading structure from the Buff Mem and sending the data to the Transmitter for serializing
and streaming the data on 2 fiber-optic lines.

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Performing the Resent mechanism.

Connection
Buff Mem
64K 64b

64 bits
Receiving
Scan
1st Pipeline Parameters
16 Scan Control
And RHost
Communication Handshaking
2nd Pipeline
16

64 bits

Fiber Optic Line to ACQ


Transmitter
Fiber Optic Line to RHost

Figure 72: Scan Control and Communication

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Transmitting the Reading

Reading Header
Table 71: Reading Header

Word # Parameter Name Word # Parameter Name Word # Parameter Name

1 DMS Type 25 UID unique identifier 49


2 DMS Status 26 Scan Counter 50
3 DMS Error 27 51
4 Integration time 28 52
5 Reference Detector 29 53
6 Detectors Temperature 1 30 54
7 Detectors Temperature 2 31 55
8 Fan speed 32 56
9 Reading No. Low 33 57 Reading No. Low
10 Reading No. High 34 58 Reading No. High
11 ASIC mode low 35 59 Physical Slice Number=0
12 ASIC mode high 36 60 Logical Slice Number=0
13 DAS_cnt 1 37 61 Reserved
14 DAS_cnt 2 38 62 Reserved
15 39 63 Reserved
16 Vertical Table Position 40 64 Stamp
17 Horizontal Table Position 41
18 Gantry tilt 42
19 Rotation Angle 43
20 Reconstruction angle 44
21 HW lines 45
22 46

23 Time Stamp low 47

24 Time Stamp high 48

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Block Footer
Table 72: Block Footer

Word # Description
1 Reading number low

2 Reading number high

3 Physical Slice Number=0

4 Logical Slice Number=0

5 Reserved

6 Reserved

7 Reserved

8 Stamp

Resent Mechanism
The Resent mechanism is implemented on two terminals:
RCOM as a transmitter
Data Receiving Card as a receiver

The Readings are transmitted on the serial line all


the time, without intermission.
Serial Data
No sub-Readings are sent; only complete RCOM Board ACQ Board
(on rotor) (on Console Host)
Readings. comm_ok

The comm_ok line is used by the ACQ board to


inform the transmitter circuit (on the RCOM board)
Figure 73: Schematic Connection of Resent Mechanism
of good reception of the last transmitted Reading.
The acknowledgement is done by the transition of the comm_ok signal levels, high to low transition or low to high
transition.

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Description of the Resent Mechanism

Reading #1 Reading #2 Reading #3 Reading #4 *Confirm cm Reading #3 Reading #4 Reading #5

comm_ok

*Ack fr. #1 Ack fr. #2 No Ack Resend fr. #3 Send fr. #4

Figure 74: Relations Between Readings and the comm_ok Line


* Ack fr. #1 = acknowledge of the reception of Readings no. 1.
* confirm cm = Confirm Commands.
* Reading #3 & 4 are sent with Header Resent and Slice Resent commands.
In case of no transition of comm_ok (no Ack), the RCOM (transmitter) sends the CONFIRM commands
(CONFIRM_CM), until the receiver (Acquisitor) acknowledges the Confirm commands by a comm_ok level transition.
This way, the system verifies that both sides (Tx and Rx) know that a resent frame is going to be sent.
Each Reading that the RCOM sends again after the Confirm commands are accompanied with Header Resent and
Slice Resent commands (in Figure 74 on page 175 they are Resent Readings #3 & 4). The following Reading (#5)
starts with a normal Header Start command (HEADER_CMND).
The control signals to ADM are generated by the RCOM. The Control signal are connected in parallel to all ADMs.
There are 8 ASICs on each ADM, all of them are connected parallel to the control signals. The control signals determine
how the ASICs work.
The integration period is derived from two signals, AP_0 and AP_90. that come from the Gantry. During one rotation of
the rotor there are 2320 AP pulses in each signal.
Table 73: Scanning modes: Resolution, DFS, Integration time, Angular sampling

Mode
Rotation Time Integration period (s) No of Readings /360
Resolution DFS Angular Sampling

Ultra-Fast No Normal 0.50 431 1160

Standard Yes Normal 0.75 323 2320

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Table 73: Scanning modes: Resolution, DFS, Integration time, Angular sampling

Mode
Rotation Time Integration period (s) No of Readings /360
Resolution DFS Angular Sampling

Yes Normal 1.00 431 2320

Yes Normal 1.50 646 2320

High Yes Normal 0.75 323 2320

Yes Normal 1.00 431 2320

Yes High 1.50 323 4640

Yes High 2.00 431 4640

Surview (Pilot) No N/A N/A 431 N/A

Interfacing with RHost


This interface is used to receive the scan parameters and control lines (e.g. reset, couch position, scan angle etc.) and
to return the current status.
The signals connecting the RHost with RCOM are sorted into 2 groups:
Real Time signals (see Table 74 )
Multiplexed signals (see Table 75 and Table 76 )

Real Time Signals


Table 74: Real Time Signals10 Dedicated Signals: Default Activity is High

Signal Name Direction Function


Rcom_reset RHost to RCOM HW reset to RCOM. (active low)

make_bias RHost to RCOM bias measurements command

make_data RHost to RCOM data measurements (scan) command

Ap_0 RHost to RCOM Angular pulses.

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Table 74: Real Time Signals10 Dedicated Signals: Default Activity is High

Signal Name Direction Function


Ap_90 RHost to RCOM Angular pulses with 900 phase shift.

Rot_index RHost to RCOM Index pulse from slot ring (once during rotation)

Acknowledge signal from Data Receiving Card,


Com_ok RHost to RCOM
indicating good reception of last frame.

Even_rea RCOM to RHost Selecting one of the 2 focal spots, low=0 for first reading

Rea_clk RCOM to RHost one pulse per reading, Tp> 10s

Resi_trg RCOM to RHost Not yet implemented

Multiplexed Signals
All multiplexed signals are packed into two serial lines, one from RHost to RCOM (RHost2rcom), another one from
RCOM to RHost (rcom2RHost).
.

Table 75: Multiplexed Signals

Signal Name Direction Function

RHost2RCOM RHost to RCOM Serial interface from RHost to RCOM

RCOM2RHost RCOM to RHost Serial interface from RCOM to RHost

The multiplexed signals on the serial lines are as listed in Table 76


Table 76: Multiplexed Signals on Serial Lines

Signal Name Part of Function


XC RHost2rcom Enable signal for x-ray

x-ray RHost2rcom X-ray on indication

Hv_drop RHost2rcom HV drop

strobe RHost2rcom Handshake signal - data and address are valid

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Table 76: Multiplexed Signals on Serial Lines

Signal Name Part of Function


read/_write RHost2rcom Handshake signal - read/write from/to RCOM Reg.

rcom_ok RCOM2RHost RCOM board is functioning.

ack RCOM2RHost Handshake signal - acknowledge to strobe signal

Offset_rdy RCOM2RHost The OFFSET measurements are ready

The RHost can access the RCOMs registers, using RHost2rcom and rcom2RHost lines (see below).

Temperature measurements
Two temperature controllers, each connected to a temperature sensor, are located on the DMS MB. The value of the
sensor is sent through the Readings Header, to the DRC.
The data is read from each Temperature Controller via a 2-wire serial interface (open drain I/O lines). The control of the
Temperature Controller is done through the same serial interface. The RCOM is used to transfer the temperature
control parameters to the Temperature Controllers and to read the temperature of the sensors.

DRC Interface
A gigalink transmitter of Slip Ring System with an optical transmitter is used to transmit the measurement data from the
RCOM board to the Data Receiving Card at 1.1 Gbits/sec.

DOM Interface
Another optical transmitter, connected parallel to the first one, is used for the optical link to the RHost for the DOM
function ( at 1.1 Gbits/sec).

ADMs Interfaces
The RCOM board is not connected directly to the ADMs. The RCOM is connected to the two DMS motherboards
boards: Left motherboard (LMB) and Right motherboard (RMB).
The connection from RCOM to LMB uses a160 pin connector. The connector has 5 column of 32 pins each. The same
interface is used to connect RCOM with RMB.
Each motherboard (LMB or RMB) is connected to 21 modules via 21 connectors.
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MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Input Voltage and Regulators


Voltage is OK when LED is ON
Voltage RCOM Operation
LED_2 (DS23): F_Xilinx Regulated 2.5 Volt Status LEDs LEDs
LED_4 (DS32): S_Xilinx Regulated 2.5 Volt
LED_6 (DS1): VCC 3.3 Volt
LED_7 (DS34): StepUp 3.3 Volt to 5 Volt for
Reference Converter
LED_8 (DS35): StepUp 3.3 Volt to 5 Volt for
Communication circuit
These LED should be ignored at all times:
LED_1 (DS33): Altera Regulated 2.5 Volt
LED_3 (DS19): F_Xilinx Regulated 1.8 Volt LED_1 LED_8 LED_1 LED_9
LED_5 (DS28): S_Xilinx Regulated 1.8 Volt

Figure 75: RCOM LEDs

RCOM Operation: GREEN


LED_1 (DS3): Readings_Run Flashing along with readings transmission rate (IP rate) (see NOTE.)
LED_2 (DS7): Readings_Run Flashing along with readings transmission rate (IP rate) (see NOTE.)
LED_3 (DS8): Readings_Run Flashing along with readings transmission rate (IP rate) (see NOTE)
LED_4 (DS9): Reserved. (Off)
LED_5 (DS10):
In Resent mode: LED indicates Resent Events
Not In Resent mode: LED lights when reaching rotation Index point
LED_6 (DS11): Fan_1 Fault Fan 1 runs too slow, stuck or disconnected
LED_7 (DS12): Fan_2 Fault Fan 2 runs too slow, stuck or disconnected
LED_8 (DS13): MAKE_BIAS - Lights when Make_Bias signal is on, indicating bias process

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LED_9 (DS14): MAKE_DATA - Lights when Make_Data signal is on, indicating scan process
NOTE LEDS 1-3 indicate two modes of operation:
1. When Rcom_OK bit = 1 (Rcom has NO errors) each LED blinks at a different rate.
LED_1 blinks at a high rate
LED_2 blinks at a medium rate
LED_3 blinks at a Low rate
When Rcom_OK bit = 0 (Rcom has errors) all three LED blink at the same low rate.

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Reference Detector and Converter


The Reference Detector is external to the DMS. Its data is routed into the RCOM via the Reference Converter, so that
its data is part of the RCOM data header. It is therefore included as part of the DMS.
The Ref. Converter is located on the external side of the Tube Collimator aperture. In this position, the radiation on
the detector is proportional to the Tube Collimator opening (Figure 76).
The Ref. Det. is connected by a coaxial cable to the converter (Figure 77). The converter is connected by a
shielded cable to the DMB. From the DMB, it is connected directly to the RCOM.

Reference Detector

Reference Converter

Figure 76: Reference Converter Figure 77: Reference Detector

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Ref Detector and Converter Connection


The Ref Detector compensates for variations of the x-ray during the scan. These variations can be as a result of
instability of the H.V system or of the X-ray tube.
The Ref Detector is located behind the Beam collimator and receives x-rays according to the aperture of the Beam.

Figure 78: REF Detector Data Path

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Cradle
The cradle is a massive precision-machined casting, that carries the 42 Array Detector Modules (ADM), the Collimators,
the main electrical boards (MB, RCOM), the DMS temperature control, and the DMS cover (Figure 79).
The cradle is fixed to the rotor in such a manner that it provides high rigidity and good alignment of the detection
system, relative to the fan beam of the X-ray.
The cradle and the DMS cover are equipped with movable weights to balance the required total weight and center of
mass. The total weight is 67 kg 50 g (147.7 lb 0.11 lb)

Figure 79: Cradle

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Laser Marker
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Laser Marker
Exterior and Interior Laser Marker are used on MX 16-slice to locate patient's scanning position.
The Interior Laser Markers are on Gantry, the Laser Maker are flat type. The laser emits a flat beam.

Figure 81: Interior Laser Marker

Figure 80: Interior Laser Markers

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Laser Marker
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

The Exterior Laser Markers are on the Front Cover. The


power is from the Front Left Control Panel.The Laser
Markers on the side are flat type. The laser emits a flat
beam. The upper Laser Markers is a cross type. The
laser emits a flat beam and Z position.

Figure 82: Exterior Lazer Marker

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Laser Marker
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Initialization, laser
marker is off

Setoncommmand?

Laser marker
is on N

Setoffcommand?

Delay 5s

Laser marker
is off

Figure 83: Laser localizer flow chart


After the Laser light is turned on, it remains lit automatically for 1minute, and then turns out.

WARNING Laser Warning: The operator must remind the patient not to gaze at the laser
localizer diring the process of scanning.

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Slip Ring
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Slip Ring

The SlipRing is schleifring 10-way. The Power rings are


L1, L2, L3, N and PE. The Signal Rings are R-STOP, the
DownLink Pair, and the UpLink Pair. DownLink

UpLink

R-Stop

L1

L2

L3

PE

Figure 84: Slip Ring

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Slip Ring
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Ring 1
Ring 2
Ring 3
Ring 4
R-STOP_IN R-STOP
Ring 5

Ring 4
2:1 Ring 4
DOWN_LINK+ DOWN_LINK+ 1:2

J1 Ring 3 J1
Ring 3
DOWN_LINK- DOWN_LINK-

CY7C9689 Ring 2 Ring 2


CY7C9689
2:1 UP_LINK- UP_LINK- 1:2
Stator rotor
J2
FPGA UP_LINK+ J2 transceiver Ring 1 Ring 1 transceiver UP_LINK+
FPGA

ENCODE+ ENCODE+
ENCODE ENCODE
ENCODE- J4 J4 ENCODE- Optical isolator
(RS-422 ) (RS-422)

Rotor PCBoard
Stator PCBoard

Power
Power +12v +12v (+12Vdc)
(+12Vdc) COM COM +/-100mV
+/-100mV ripple
ripple

Figure 85: Slip Ring Communication

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Slip Ring
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Stator Transceiver

J2

J4

Power Indicator
LED

Receiving Signal J1
Indicator LED J3

Figure 86: Stator Transceiver

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Slip Ring
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Rotor Transceiver

J2

Power Indicator
LED

J4

J1

Receiving Signal J3
Indicator LED

Figure 87: Rotor Transceiver

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Slip Ring
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Interface
1. J1, J2
Table 77: J1, J2

Connector I/O Description

J1 Input SMB, 50ohm

J2 Output SMB, 50ohm

2. J4 for Stator Transceiver Board


Table 78: J4 for Stator Transceiver Board

I/O Pin Num. Pin Signal Remarks Description

Input 1 Power VCC 12VDC+/-10% Use supplied power

Input 2 Power GND

3 GND-ENC RS-422 Return

Input 4 Input+ RS-422

Input 5 Input- RS-422

3. J4 for Rotor Transceiver Board


Table 79: J4 for Rotor Transceiver Board

I/O Pin Num. Pin Signal Remarks Description

Input 1 Power VCC 12VDC+/-10% Use supplied power

Input 2 Power GND

3 GND-ENC RS-422 Return

Output 4 Output+ RS-422

Output 5 Output- RS-422

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Patient Table
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Patient Table

Overview

TCP/IP Vertical
CAN 9 Encoder
B_code Ucom

Speaker
Vertical Horizontal Horizontal In Limit
Manual Switch 24 V Motor Encoder Switch
& Speaker
Assembly
Patient Table Motion Horizontal Zero Switch
Manual Patient Table Hor. Control Board
Horizontal Control Horizontal Out Limit
up/down Actuator Driver Motor Servo Switch
switch Board
Horizontal Safety
Gantry 'ULYHU
Switch
Encoder
Vertical Down
Electronic Horizontal PositionSwitch
6SHDNHU Driver
Clutch Motor Left Float Switch
220V

Right Float Switch


Actuator & Clutch Control

24 V 5V/12V

Switch
Foot
220V Isolation POWER SUPPLY
Transformer 5V/12V

POWER SUPPLY 24V


24V

Figure 88: Patient Table Motion Diagram

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Patient Table Motion Control Board
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Patient Table Motion Control Board

Float Switch in Out Limit Down Switch In


Clutch Ctr. In Limit
Estop in P/S

Net

RS232
Driver to Actuator Driver Card

CAN

B-Code

Foot
Switch

Hor. Servo Motor Interface Hor. Encoder in Ver. Encoder

Figure 89: Patient Table Motion Control Board Interfaces

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Patient Table Motion Control Board
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Three movement model control


Receive movement command via CAN bus
Command from control panel on Gantry or CT-box on the Console
Command from Computer
Send Couch status back to motion control card via CAN Bus
Movement limitation and Collision protection control
Relative Movement Model
Keep horizontal position when moving the couch up and down

Patient Table Motion Control Board LEDs


Table 80: Patient Table Motion Control Board LEDs

LED No. Description

V0 Debug LED Indicator

V1 Debug LED Indicator

V2 Debug LED Indicator

V3 Debug LED Indicator

V4 Debug LED Indicator

V5 Debug LED Indicator

V6 Debug LED Indicator

V7 Debug LED Indicator

V15 Emergency LED, ON means the 24V power input is available

V16 Firmware Download Done LED, ON means the FPGA firmware download completed

V17 Front Limit Switch LED, OFF means the Front Limit Switch is pressed down

V18 Zero Position Switch LED, ON means the Zero Position switch is pressed down

V19 OUT Position Switch LED, OFF means the OUT Position Switch is pressed down

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Patient Table Motion Control Board
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Table 80: Patient Table Motion Control Board LEDs

LED No. Description

V20 Servo Ready LED, ON means the Servo is ready

V21 ZERO Speed LED, ON means the Zero Position switch is pressed down

V22 SERVO Alarm LED, OFF means the Servo is ready

V23 TLC (Torque Limit Control) LED, ON means the Servo in torque limit control mode

V24 INH LED, ON means the input pulse of the Servo is available

V25 Servo Enable LED, ON means the Servo is enabled

V26 Servo deviation Counter reset LED, ON means the inner deviation counter of Servo is reset

V27 Raise patient table LED, ON means the Patient Table Up button is pressed

V28 Manual Control LED, ON means the Patient Table is in manual control mode

V30 ACLR (Alarm Clear) LED, ON means clear the Servo alarm

V32 Patient Table Float Switch 2 LED, ON means the Float switch 2 is pressed

V33 Foot Switch 2 LED, ON means the foot switch 2 is pressed

V34 Patient Table float output LED, ON means the Patient Table top is locked

V35 Foot Switch 1 LED, ON means the foot switch 1 is pressed

V36 Lower Patient Table LED, ON means the Patient Table Lower Button is pressed

V38 Vertical Up and Down enable LED, on means the vertical up and down is enabled

V44 Down Position Switch LED, ON means the Patient Table higher than Down position

V46 Patient Table Float Switch 1 LED, ON means the float switch 1 is pressed

V54 5V power LED, ON means the 5V power input is normal

V55 +12V power LED, ON means the +12V power input is normal

V56 -12V power LED, ON means the -12V power input is normal

V69 Servo Control LED, ON means the Servo work normal

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UCOM Card
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

UCOM Card
CAN Communication
Service firmware update

Patient Table Actuator Driver Card

Hor.Motor Driver Clutch

Manual

Command

Ver. Motor Driver

Power Supply

Vertical Driver
Horizontal motor clutch driver

Actuator Driver Board LEDs


V1: Patient Table moves UP when the LED is on
V2: Patient Table moves DOWN when the LED is on

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Patient Table Vertical Position
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

V3: Patient Table vertical move is enabled when the LED is on


V4: Manual control is active when the LED is on
V5: Patient Table horizontal moves is enabled when the LED is on

Patient Table Vertical Position

Table 81: Patient Table Vertical Position

No. Vertical Height Position

1 976mm Up Limit of actuator

2 970mm Up Position (software)

3 733mm Down Position

4 430mm Load Position (Software)

5 422mm Down Limit of actuator

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Tilt Envelope Protection
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Tilt Envelope Protection

No Limitation
to tilt Gantry

Tabletop Y No Limitation to
is above Down move
position couch horizontally

No Limitation to
N move
couch vertically
Positive Tilt is
forbidden

Y Tilt >+15

Horizontal Y Gantry
Safety switch tilt is at zero
is actived position?

N N
Forward Forward
movement movement
is forbidden is forbidden

Figure 90: Tile Envelope Protection

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Horizontal Movement
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Horizontal Movement
Speed
Pulse Step Motor
Frequency: 2Hz - 128Hz
Resolution: 2Hz
65535 Steps
Speed: 0.002mm/s - 128mm/s
Direction
Voltage Level Control

Horizontal Limit Switches, Float Button


When the front or rear Limit Switch is engaged, the Patient Table stops moving horizontally.
When the Safety Switch is not pressed, the Patient Table cannot be lowered below the DOWN position.
Pressing the Zero Switch resets the Horizontal Patient Table Code.
.

Float Button

Safety Limit Switch (SL304)

Front Limit Switch (SL301)


Zero Position Switch (LS303)

Rear Position Switch (LS302)


Figure 91: Horizontal Limit Switch

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Patient Table Calibration
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Patient Table Calibration


Patient Table Vertical Encoder Replacement
Patient Table Vertical Limit Switch Replacement
Patient Table Horizontal Motor Replacement
Vertical Down Switch Adjustment

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Workspace
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Workspace

Overview
The Workspace performs the following functions:
Enable the operator to plan the patient examination procedure by activating the scanning function of the system
Enables audio intercommunication between the patient and the Operator
Acquire and store RAW data on the hard drive of the PC computer
Reconstruct the RAW data
Monitor the scan using a 19 flat LCD monitor
Perform real-time viewing
Perform Post-processinggraphic input via a mouse and image analysis

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Overview
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Filming, printing, and storage on Local / Remote storage device (PACS)

RSN Router )6(

LAN

LAN PACS
Printer for Hospital
Hospital
Console Rack Switch
Console LAN
220V AC Switch
LAN
PDU

Imager
Onboard
Network
Card
Com 5721 LAN G-Host
Console Computer

Data Receiving
Card
+5V/ +12V Data Stream (Optical) Slip Ring Stator "Data" Receiver Assy

Power Supply
Frame_ok
Audio

+5V/ +12V Console Interface Board

DB9 Injector
DB25

MIC CTBOX Audio/ E-stop (DB9)


Gantry Interface
Board
CAN/ DRB (DB9)

Figure 92: Workspace Diagram

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Overview
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

The Workspace consists of the following components:

Console (Figure 93)


Table
Monitor
Monitor
Keyboard
Mouse
CT-Box
CTBOX
Computer Rack (Figure 98) Mouse
PC Computer Keyboard
Network Switch
Console Interface Board
Switching Power Supply
Multi-outlet Computer
Rack
Isolation Transformer
UPS (optional)

Figure 93: Workspace

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Workspace Block Diagram
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Workspace Block Diagram


Figure 94 on page 204 shows the schematic layout of the Workspace.

Console Host Computer


Mouse Mouse USB
KeyBoard Keyboard USB
Monitor SVGA SVGA
Microphone Mic Mic In
Monitor Power
CTBOX

Optical Data
Gantry Optical port
Interface Box
X1 CTBOX
X4 Computer DRC DRC port
X10 Auto-voice Audio Audio

Gantry X2 Speech Interface


220VAC
Gantry X3 CAN Network
Injector X5 Injector
DVD
X8 RS232 12V DC data SATA-2
drive
Microphone X9 Microphone

220VAC
Gantry LAN Switch LAN LAN

Power In 220VAC
Isolation PDU
(220V AC) Transformer 220V AC Power In
GND

Figure 94: Workspace Schematic Layout

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Console
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Console

Overview
The Console includes the following:
Operators Table
Monitor: 19 Flat LCD
Keyboard
Two button wheel mouse
CTBOX
The operator enters commands at the console either with the keyboard or interactively with the mouse. The result is
displayed on the color monitor. The scanning process is initialized from the SCAN toolbox on screen and controlled
from the CTBOX.

Operators Table

There are two holes on the table surface for cable routing
(Figure 95). The monitor, keyboard, mouse, and
microphone should be positioned to allow the operator
the best view of the scanning room and their cables
routed through the proper hole accordingly.

Figure 95: Operators Table

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Console
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Monitor
The color monitor enables the following:
Operator dialog with the system
Display of medical images
Running of software service tools for system diagnostics

Keyboard
A PS/2 interface, 104-key (Microsoft Windows) keyboard is supplied with the system.

Mouse
A optical two button scrolling mouse is supplied with the system.

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Console
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CTBOX

Overview
The scanner is provided with a CTBOX that supports control of the following:
Gantry/system ON/OFF key
Start scan in manual or automatic mode
Abort scanning
Patient Table IN/OUT, UP/DOWN and Gantry Tilt control buttons
Enable Automatic (computer controlled) Patient Table and Tilt motion
Emergency stop button
Display of Patient Table (vertical and horizontal) position and Gantry Tilt
Display X-ray ON Indicator
Console-side intercom functions with Volume Control

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Console
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

CTBOX Functional Description

CT Box Control
Display of Patient Table
Pos. (Vertical &
Display panel
Horizontal),
and Gantry Tilt angle

Display panel X-Ray ON display

Key-press Key input enable LED


enable display

Key board order


Operation input
dispose

CAN Communication CAN


Interface PC
Communication
CAN_signal
Computer Interface board
PC_Audio
Breath
Navigation
Volume Audio_OUT
MIC magnify display
adjust CAN_signal
CT-BOX Console Audio_IN
PC_Audio CT-BOX Gantry
Speaker filter and Volume Mix Interface board Audio_IN Audio Input
magnify adjust voice Interface board
Audio_IN Audio_OUT Display board of
CT Box Audio breath navigation
CT-BOX
Audio_OUT Speaker on Patient
Table

Figure 96: CTBox Block Diagram

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Console
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

CTBOX Controls

Table 82 lists the parts of the Scan Control Box (see Figure 96 on page 208).

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8
11

10 9
Figure 97: CTBOX

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Console
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Table 82: The Parts of the Scan Control Box

# Tool Function

1. Emergency Stop Button Halts all Gantry and table motions and X-ray generation in case of an emergency

2. Tilt Control Controls and displays Gantry tilt angle and table movements

3. NOT ACTIVE

4. Manual Scan Initiates a single scan manually

5. Abort Scan Abort during scanning at anytime

6. Enable
Enables automatic Table and Gantry movements, e.g., after Plan on Surview when the Table
and Gantry move to the planned position and tilt.

7. Microphone

8. Volume control Includes sliding volume control of internal speakers

9. Activate Microphone Allows operator to communicate with patient in the Gantry room

10. Table IN/OUT and UP/DOWN Manually moves the position of the Patient Table

11. Seven segment display Display of X-ray ON, Patient Table position (vertical, horizontal) and Gantry Tilt

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Console
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CTBOX Main Boards


The CTBOX contains two main boards:
CTBOX Control Board
CTBOX Audio Board

CTBOX Control Board


The CTBOX Control Board includes the keys to control the following system motions:
Gantry Tilt
Patient Table vertical movement
Patient Table horizontal movement
Emergency Stop in case of safety reason
Manual and Enable keys for auto pre-setup of the system (enable) and start scan (manual/ auto).
Display control for viewing system physical position and X-ray ON indicator.

CTBOX Audio Board


The CTBOX Audio Board controls the following:
Microphone (Audio Out)for giving messages to patient
Manual: using the build-in microphone on the CTBOX
or
Automatic: via scan protocol on computer
Speakerto hear patient via speaker on the Patient Table
to hear pre-recorded messages from the application on the PC computer

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Computer Rack
MX 16-slice CT Service Manual Revision D

Computer Rack

Overview
The Computer Rack consists of the following:
PC Computer: T5400 Computer
Network Switch
PDU
Console Interface Board
Switch Power
DVD R/RW
Isolation transformer
UPS (optional)
NOTE The Computer Rack can be installed under or alongside the Console Table.

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Computer Rack
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Figure 98 on page 213 shows the Computer Rack:

Figure 98: Front of Computer Rack

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Computer Rack
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Figure 99 on page 214 show the rear view of the Computer Rack without the rear cover.

Host Computer

PDU

Network Switch

Console Interface
Box

Isolation
Transformer

Figure 99: Console Rack Rear View

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Computer Rack
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UPS (Optional)
The UPS receives 230VAC power from the PDU in the rear of the Computer Rack.
Output power from the UPS is transferred to the Console computer and monitor.

Determining On Battery Run Time


UPS battery life differs based on usage and environment. It is recommended that the battery/batteries be changed once
every three years.

UPS Front Panel


Figure 100 on page 215 display the UPS
front panel. See Table 83 for LED
descriptions and explanations.

Figure 100:

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Table 83: UPS LEDs

LED Explanation

Online

The online LED illuminates when the UPS is supplying utility power (Input Power) to the connected
equipment. If the LED is not lit, the UPS is either not turned ON, or is supplying battery power.

AVR Trim

This LED illuminates to indicate that the UPS is compensating for a high utility voltage.

AVR Boost

This LED illuminates to indicate the UPS is compensating for a low utility voltage.

On Battery

When the on battery power LED is lit the UPS is supplying battery power to the connected equipment.
When on battery, the UPS sounds an alarmfour beeps every 30 seconds.

Overload

The LED illuminates and the UPS emits a sustained alarm tone when an overload condition occurs.

Replace Battery

Failure of a battery self-test causes the UPS to emit short beeps for one minute and the replace
battery LED illuminates.

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Table 83: UPS LEDs

LED Explanation

Battery Disconnected

The replace battery LED flashes and short beep is emitted every two seconds to indicate the battery
is disconnected.

The UPS performs a self-test automatically when turned ON, and every two weeks thereafter (by
default).
During the self-test, the UPS briefly operates the connected equipment on battery.
Automatic Self-Test
If the UPS fails the self-test, the replace battery LED lights and immediately returns to online
operation. The connected equipment is not affected by a failed test. Recharge the battery for 24
hours and perform another self-test. If it fails, the battery must be replaced.

Manual Self-Test Press and hold the button for a few seconds to initiate the self-test.

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Troubleshooting the UPS


Use the chart below to solve minor Smart-UPS installation and operation problems. Refer to the APC web site,
www.apc.com, for assistance with complex UPS problems.

Problem and Possible Cause Solution

UPS Will Not Turn ON

button not pushed. Press the button once to power the UPS and the connected equipment.

Check that the power cable from the UPS to the utility power supply is securely
UPS not connected to utility power supply.
connected at both ends.

Check the utility power supply to the UPS by plugging in a table lamp. If the light is very
Very low or no utility voltage.
dim, have the utility voltage checked.

UPS Will Not Turn OFF

Internal UPS fault. Do not attempt to use the UPS. Unplug the UPS and have it serviced immediately.

UPS Beeps Occasionally

None. The UPS is protecting the connected equipment. Press the button to silence
Normal UPS operation.
this alarm.

UPS Does Not Provide Expected Backup Time

The UPS battery(s) are weak due to a Charge the battery(s). Batteries require recharging after extended outages. Batteries
can wear faster when put into service often or when operated at elevated temperatures.
recent power outage or battery(s) are
If the battery(s) are near the end of their service life, consider replacing the battery(s)
near the end of their service life. even if the replace battery LED is not yet illuminated.

All LEDs are illuminated and the UPS emits a constant beeping

Internal UPS fault. Do not attempt to use the UPS. Turn the UPS off and have it serviced immediately.

Front Panel LEDS Flash Sequentially

The UPS has been shut down remotely through


None. The UPS will restart automatically when utility power returns.
software or an optional accessory card.

All LEDS are Off and the UPS is Plugged Into a Wall Outlet

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Problem and Possible Cause Solution

The UPS is shut down and the battery is None: The UPS will restart automatically when utility power is restored and the battery
discharged from an extended outage. has a sufficient charge.

The Overload LED is illuminated and the UPS Emits a Sustained Alarm Tone

The connected equipment exceeds the specified maximum load as de-fined in


Specifications at the APC web site, www.apc.com. The alarm remains on until the
overload is removed. Disconnect nonessential equipment from the UPS to eliminate the
The UPS is overloaded.
overload condition. The UPS continues to supply power as long as it is online and the
circuit breaker does not trip; the UPS will not provide power from batteries in the event
of a utility voltage interruption.

The Replace Battery LED is illuminated

Check that the battery connectors are fully engaged. Allow the battery to recharge for 24
hours and perform a self-test. If the problem persists after recharging, replace the
Replace Battery LED flashes and short beep is battery. Allow the battery to recharge for 24 hours. Perform the self-test procedure to
emitted every two seconds to indicate the battery is confirm the replace battery condition. The alarm stops and the LED clears if the battery
disconnected. Weak battery. Failure of a battery passes the self-test.
self-test.
If the battery fails again, it must be replaced. The connected equipment is
unaffected.

The Input Circuit Breaker Trips

The connected equipment exceeds the


specified maximum load as defined Unplug all nonessential equipment from the UPS.
in Specifications on the APC Web site, Reset the circuit breaker.
www.apc.com.

AVR Boost or AVR Trim LEDs are illuminated

The system is experiencing very high or Have qualified service personnel check your facility for electrical problems. If the
low utility voltage. problem continues, contact the utility company for further assistance.

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Problem and Possible Cause Solution

UPS Operates on Battery Although Normal Line Voltage Exists

Reduce the load on the UPS by unplugging equipment and resetting the circuit breaker
UPS input circuit breaker tripped. Very high, low, or
(on the back of UPS) by pressing the plunger in. Move the UPS to a different outlet on a
distorted line voltage. Inexpensive fuel powered
different circuit. Test the input voltage with the utility voltage display (see below). If
generators can distort the voltage.
acceptable to the connected equipment, reduce the UPS sensitivity.

There is no utility power

Use the cold start feature to supply power to the connected equipment front the UPS
battery(s).

There is no utility power and the UPS is off. Press the button for one second and release. The UPS will beep briefly.

Press and hold the button again for about three seconds. The unit will emit two
beeps. Release the button during the second beep.

Battery Charge and Battery Load LEDS Flash Simultaneously

UPS has shutdown. The internal temperature of Check that the room temperature is within the specified limits for operation. Check that
the UPS has exceeded the allowable threshold for the UPS is properly installed allowing for adequate ventilation. Allow the UPS to cool
safe operation. down. Restart the UPS. If the problem continues contact APC at: www.apc.com/support.

Diagnostic Utility Voltage Feature

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Problem and Possible Cause Solution

The UPS has a diagnostic feature that displays the utility voltage. Plug the UPS into the
normal utility power.

Utility Voltage Press and hold the button to view the utility voltage bar graph display. After a few
seconds the five-LED, Battery Charge, , display on the right of the front panel shows
the utility input voltage.
Refer to the figure at left for the voltage reading (values are not listed on the UPS).
The display indicates the voltage is between the displayed value on the list and the next
higher value.
Three LEDs light, indicating utility voltage within the normal range.
If no LEDs are lit and the UPS is plugged into a working utility power outlet, the line
voltage is extremely low.
If all five LEDs are lit, the line voltage is extremely high and should be checked by an
electrician.

NOTE The UPS starts a self-test as part of this procedure. The self-test does not affect the voltage
display.

PDU
The PDU receives 220AC from the isolation transformer which is located in the Computer Rack.

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The following cables are connected to the PDU:

Host Computer
power supply
Network Switch
Fans Power Supply
power supply Console Interface
Box power supply

Figure 101: PDU


Monitor power supply
Host Computer power supply
Network Switch power supply
Console Interface Box power supply
Computer Rack Fans power supply

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Switch Power Supply


The Switch Power Supply is located in the Console Interface Box, and receives 220VAC power from the PDU.

Console
interface Board

Switch Power
Supply

Figure 102: Console Interface Box

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CT-Box Console Interface Board


The Console Interface Board is the interface between the Operator Console, Host Computer and Gantry. The Console
Interface Board includes all the connectors (Figure 103) which distribute signals to the system or receive signals from
the system.

X6
X7

X10

X9 X1 X8 X4 X2 X3 X5

Figure 103: Console Interface Board


Table 84 lists the connectors of the Console Interface Board.
Table 84:

Connector Destination Description

X1 CTBOX CTBOX cable

X2 Speech Interface Breath navigation

X3 CAN Network

X4 Computer connect cable to computer

X5 Injector Digital Infector cable

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Table 84:

Connector Destination Description

X6 Power Input Power Cable

X7 Test Can

X8 RS232 used for manufacture

X9 Microphone Voice Record

X10 Auto-Voice

Network Switch

Overview
The MX 16-slice CT system use Dell Power Connect 2708 for LAN connect the following devices,

Figure 104: Power Connect 2708


The Network Switch fulfills the following functions:
DICOM communication between the PC computer and external DICOM devices for images transfer.

Site Preparation
The Network Switch can be mounted in a standard 48.26-cm (19-inch) equipment rack. Before using the unit, verify that
the chosen location for installation meets the following site requirements:

Power --The unit is installed near an easily accessible 100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz outlet. Ensure that after connection, the power LED on the
device is visible.

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Clearance --There is adequate frontal clearance for operator access. Allow clearance for cabling, power connections, and ventilation.
Cabling --The cabling is routed to avoid sources of electrical noise such as radio transmitters, broadcast amplifiers, power lines, and
fluorescent lighting fixtures.
Ambient Requirements --The ambient unit operating temperature range is 0C to 45C (32 to 113F) at a relative humidity of up to 95
percent, non condensing.

Booting the Switch


When the device is connected to a power source, the device LEDs are lit indicating that power is being supplied to the
device. A power-on self-test (POST) runs every time the device is initialized and checks hardware components to
determine if the device is fully operational before completely booting. If POST passes successfully, the System and the
Power LEDs are lit and a valid executable image is loaded into RAM.
The boot process runs approximately 90 seconds.

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Switch Port Configuration


The Network Switch use 10/100/1000 BASE-T ports on the front panel for connecting to a network.The Gigabit Ethernet
ports can operate at 10, 100 or 1000 Mbps. These ports support auto negotiation, duplex mode (Half or Full duplex),
and flow control. The combo 1000 Mbps optical ports can only operate at 1000 Mbps, full-duplex mode.
The following figures illustrate the front panel and back panel of the Network Switch.

Figure 105: Network Switch Front Panel

Figure 106: Network Switch Back Panel


On the front panel there are eight ports which are numbered 1 to 8, top down and left to right. On each port there are
LEDs (Light Emitting Diode) to indicate the port status. On the left side of the front panel is the Managed Mode LED
which indicates the Ethernet switch operational status. The Power LED on the front panel indicates whether the device
is powered on or not. A Managed Mode push-button, located on the right side on the front panel, restores the devices
default settings configuration.

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LED Definitions
The front panel contains LEDs that indicate the status of network links, power supply, fan status, and Managed Mode
status.

Power LEDs
On the Network Switch front panel there is a Power LED. The following table describes the Power Supply status LED
indications.
Table 85: Power LEDs

LED color Description

Green Solid The Switch is turned on

Off The Switch is not turned on

Managed Mode LED


On the Network Switch front panel there is a Managed Mode LED monitoring the switch node as well as indicating
diagnostic test results. The following table describes the Managed Mode LED indications.
Table 86: Managed Mode LEDs

LED Color Description

Indicates diagnostics in progress, firmware loading, or Managed


Green Flashing
Mode transition.

Green Solid Indicates the switch is in Managed Mode.

Amber Solid Diagnostics has failed.

Amber Flashing No valid image.

Off Indicates Unmanaged mode

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Port LEDs
10/100/1000BASE-T Port LEDs
Each 10/100/1000BASE-T port has two LEDs. Speed/Link/Activity is indicated on the left LED and the duplex mode is
indicated on the right LED.
The following figure illustrates the RJ-45 10/100/1000BASE-T LEDs.

Figure 107: RJ-45 Copper-Based 10/100/1000BASE-T LEDs


The RJ-45 LED indications are described in the following table:
Table 87: RJ-45 Copper-Based 10/100/1000BASE-T LEDs

LED Color Description

Left LED Green Static The port is linked at 1000 Mbps

Green Flashing The port is transmitting or receiving data at 1000

Amber Static The port is linked at either 10 or 100 Mbps.

Amber Flashing The port is transmitting or receiving data at 10

Off The port is currently not operating

Right LED Green Static The port is currently transmitting in Full Duplex

Off The port is operating in Half Duplex mode.

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Managed Mode Button


The Network Switch has a Managed Mode push button on the front panel. The Managed Mode button is for changing
between Managed Mode and Unmanaged Mode. After a change from Unmanaged Mode to Managed Mode, the switch
restores the configuration values to factory default settings.
From Unmanaged, pressing the Managed Mode button causes:
The factory default configuration (192.168.2.1) to be set as the switch IP address.
The Subnet mask to change to 255.255.255.0
The Graphical User Interface (GUI) login user name to change to Admin, and the password will not be configured
(appears blank), with Read/Write privilege.
The DHCP client is turned off.
The device is rebooted.

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PC Computer

Overview
NOTE T5400 and T5500 use the difference Windows XP OS GHOST.
NOTE There are two kinds of Recon Graphic Card, GTX260 and GTX460.

When the system version is V1.1.3, see below notice; for V1.1.4 and upon, igore it:
Before reinstalling Windows XP for MX 16-slice, firstly identify the Graphic Card type. For Nvidia GTX460,
reinstall the Graphic Card drive after Windows XP installation withGHOST DVD and install the Nvidia
GTX 460 Patch after Application Software Installation.
Before reinstalling Application Software for MX 16-slice, firstly identify the Graphic Card type. ForNvidia
GTX 460, uninstall Application Software and install the Nvidia GTX 460 Patch after ApplicationSoftware
Installation.
When replacing GTX260 with GTX460, reinstalling the Graphics card drive and Nvidia GTX 460 Patchis
necessary.
When replacing GTX460 with GTX260, reinstalling the Graphics card drive is necessary.

T5400 Computer
The Common Console uses, as Host Computer, a Dell Precision T5400 with Quad-Core Intel Xeon Processor 5400
series CPU. It includes the following components:
Hard disk of 730 GB (7200 RPM) for images and the operating software storage
Intel E5400 Chipset
RAM memory of 1G*8
Display Card NVIDIA Quadro FX 570 (256M) with two digital outputs (for two monitors)
Graphic Card GTX260 for Image Reconstruction
Audio card (on-board) to support the intercom operation to and from the Gantry
On board (10/100) Lan connection to Net Switch

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LAN card to connect to the G-host at a rate of 1-Gbit/sec.


Standard keyboard and mouse.
DVD-ROM drive for software loading and image burning.

T5500 Computer
CPU
(E5620) 2.4GHz/5.86GT/12MB L2 Cache
Memory
12GB (6x2GB) DDR3 RDIMM Memory 1066MHz ECC
Graphic Card
256MB PCIe x16 NVidia NVS 295, support DP+1 DVI
Hard Drivers
250G SATA (7200RPM) hard driver
500GB*2 (7200RPM) attached with SATA Hard driver
SATA controller information (to be along with the SATA hard driver)
DVD and Read-Write Devices
16X DVD-ROM with Cyberlink Power DVDTM NO Media
Network Controller
Integrated Broadcom5754 Gigabit Ethernet controller
2nd Gigabit port is available with the optional PCI-e Broadcom Gigabit controller card

Windows XP
The Workspace PC computer is based on the Microsoft Windows XP operating systems. The user is presumed to have
a basic knowledge of working in a Windows environment. For help regarding Windows operating systems, refer to the
operating system documentation.

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About RAID Configurations


While there are many RAID configurations available in the computer industry for different types of uses, Dell offers
RAID Level 0, RAID level 1, or RAID level 5 on your Dell Precision computer. RAID levels do not represent a hierarchy.
A RAID level 5 configuration is not inherently better or worse than a RAID level 0 configuration.
A RAID 0 configuration is recommended for high-performance programs, and the Host computer for the MX 16-slice CT
use the RAID 0 configuration.
NOTE All drives must be the same type of drive; SAS and SATA drives cannot be mixed in a RAID array. The drives
should also be the same size to ensure that the larger drive does not contain unallocated (and therefore
unusable) space.

RAID Level 0
RAID level 0 uses a storage technique known as "data striping" to provide a high data access rate. Data striping is a
method of writing consecutive segments-or stripes-of data sequentially across the physical drives to create a large
virtual drive. Data striping allows one of the drives to read data while the other drive is searching for and reading the
next block.

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Another advantage of a RAID level 0 configuration is that it utilizes the full capacities of the drives. If you have two 120-
GB drives installed, you have 240 GB on which to store data.
Because RAID level 0 provides no data redundancy, if one drive fails, then the data on the other drive is also
inaccessible. Therefore, ensure that you perform regular backups when you use a RAID level 0 configuration.

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Dell T5400

Front View of Dell T5400 Workstation


The following Figure 108 on page 235 show the controls, lights, and other features on the front panel of your computer.

Hard Disk2 Hard Disk1 USB Power Light

Hard Disk
Activity Light

Network Link Diagnostic Lights Microphone Headphone


Light

Figure 108: Computer Front View

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Controls and Lights


Power button --controls the computer's AC input power (Table 88 )
Table 88: Power Button Functions

Button Lights Status Power Button Function

Off Press and release to turn the computer on.

Press and hold for more than 6 seconds to immediately turn the computer off.
On
NOTE: Use this method only if the computer will not shut down normally.

Power light ---illuminates in two colors and blinks or remains solid to indicate different states.
Hard Disk Activity Light ---illuminates when the computer reads data from or writes data to the hard disk.
Diagnostic lights---a series of lights that can help you diagnose a problem with your computer.
Network Link Light --The network link light is on when a good connection exists between a 10-Mbps, 100-Mbps, or
1000-Mbps (or 1-Gbps) network and the computer.

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Rear View of Dell T5400 Workstation


The following figure shows the connectors and other features on the rear of the Host Computer.
Optical-In
Connector

Back Panel Connectors RS-485 Monitor-out


(Figure 110) Connector
Figure 109: Rear view of Computer
Parallel USB Audio Network
Connector Mouse Port Port Line

COM1 COM2 KeyBoard Microphone USB


Port
Figure 110: Back Panel Connectors

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T5400 Host Computer Block Diagram


The block diagram in following figure displays the Host computer and its relationship to all the elements in the MX 16-
slice CTCT power System.

Hard disk power


SATA 0 (250G) Power
SATA 1 (160G)

power
Monitor 2
Graphic Card 2
(for images reconstruction)
(Optional)
SATA
DVD Drive
Connector Display card 1 Monitor 1
Stator Data Receiver
Data Receiving Card
(on Slip Ring)

Network Card (on board) Network Switch


FAN 1
Network Card (Com 5721) G-Host (Gantry)
CPU 1 Main board
Audio port CTBox Console
(on board) interface board

Mouse
Memory 1
Keyboard
Memory 2
CPU 2 Memory 3
FAN 2 Memory 4

Hard Disk
SATA 3 (160G)
SATA 4 (160G)

Figure 111: T5400 Host Computer Block Diagram

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T5400 System Board Components


The following Figure 112 on page 239shows the principal connectors of the System Board (refer to Table 89 )

Figure 112: System Board Connectors

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Table 89: Computer Mainboard Interfaces

1. Primary processor connector 2. Secondary processor connector


(CPU_0) (CPU_1)

3. Front fan connector (FAN_FRONT) 4. Card cage fan (FAN_CCAG)

5. Internal speaker connector 6.


Power connector (POWER2)
(INT_SPKR)

7. USB (INT_USB) 8. Password jumper (PSWD)

9. Auxiliary hard-drive LED connector 10.


Auxiliary power LED (AUX_PWR)
(AUX_LED)

11. RTC reset jumper (RTCRST) 12. Battery socket (BATTERY)

13. 14. SATA connectors (SATA_2, SATA_3, and


Main power connector (POWER1)
SATA_4)

15. SATA connectors (SATA_0, SATA_1) 16. Floppy drive (DSKT)

17. Front panel connector 18.


PCI-X card slot (SLOT6_PCIX)
(FRONTPANEL)

19. PCI-X card slot (SLOT5_PCIX) 20. Chassis intrusion header (INTRUDER)

21. PCI Express 2.0 x16 card slot 22.


PCI card slot (SLOT3_PCI)
(SLOT4_PCIE)

23. PCI Express 2.0 x16 card slot 24.


Front panel audio connector (FP_AUDIO)
(SLOT2_PCIE)

25. PCI Express x8 card slot, wired as x4 26.


Hard drive fan connector (FAN_HDD)
(SLOT1_PCIE)

27. Memory module connectors 28.


Memory fan connector (FAN_MEM)
(DIMM_1-8)

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Connect Devices to T5400


When you connect external devices to your computer's back panel, follow these guidelines:
Check the documentation that accompanied the device for specific installation and configuration instructions.
For example, you must connect most devices to a particular I/O port or connector to operate properly. Also, external
devices like a printer usually require you to load device drivers before they will work.
Always attach external devices while your computer is turned off. Then turn on the computer before turning on any
external devices, unless the documentation for the device specifies otherwise.

!
CAUTION Before disconnecting a device from the computer, wait 10 to 20 seconds after turning off the
computer to avoid possible damage to the system board.

Audio Port
The audio controller provides connection to the Gantry via the Console Interface Board (for Auto Voice).

Parallel Port Connector


An I/O port on your computer that transfers data eight bits at a time. It uses a 25-pin, female subminiature-D connector,
typically to connect a printer. Also referred to as an LPT port.
NOTE The integrated parallel port is automatically disabled if the computer detects an installed expansion card
containing a parallel port configured to the same address as specified in the Parallel Port option in system setup.

USB 2.0 Connector


USB 2.0 connection could be used to connect a mouse.

Microphone Port
The Microphone Port is used to connect the microphone for voice recording.

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PS/2 Mouse Connector


Attach the PS/2 mouse cable to the 6-pin mouse connector on the rear panel.
NOTE This connector is similar to the keyboard connector. Ensure that you correctly identify the mouse connector
before you connect the device.

PS/2 Keyboard Connector


Attach the PS/2 keyboard cable to the 6-pin keyboard connector on the rear panel.
NOTE NOTE This connector is similar to the mouse connector. Ensure that you correctly identify the keyboard
connector before you connect the device.

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T5400 Computer Troubleshooting and Diagnostics

Overview
The following sections aid you in troubleshooting problems with the workstation:
System Shutdown Procedure on page 243explains how to shut down the system
Network Testing on page 243troubleshoot problems that involve network communication
Diagnostic with the DELL Diagnostics Tools on page 245use the Dell Diagnostic Tools to test and diagnose
system hardware

System Shutdown Procedure


When necessary, log out of the Applications menu, not from the Windows Start menu.

Network Testing

Basic Test of the Network


The testing procedure is based on the ping utility. This utility sends packets from the tested Workspace to another
computer that is connected to the same network. The other computer returns every packet it receives to the sender of
the packet (in our test, the packets are sent from and returned to the Workspace).
The ping utility also displays every returned packet, thus enabling the user to see if the network is operating OK.

Testing
1. Turn ON the computer.
2. From the Windows Start menu, click Run.
3. Type: cmd and press <Enter>. A command window (DOS shell) opens.
4. Type: ping <IP-address-of-the-other-computer> and press <Enter>.
For instance, if the IP address of the other computer is 192.132.141.211, type:
ping 192.132.141.211
5. If everything is OK, lines such as the following appear on the screen:
PING 192.132.141.211 (192.132.141.211): 56 data bytes

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64 bytes from 192.132.141.211: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=2 ms


64 bytes from 192.132.141.211: icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=1 ms
64 bytes from 192.132.141.211: icmp_seq=2 ttl=255 time=1 ms
NOTE The IP address 192.132.141.211 above is only an example. Actually, the IP address that you used with ping
appears.
6. If a fault is detected in the network, only one line appears:
PING 192.132.141.211 (192.132.141.211): 56 data bytes
or: the icmp_seq variable displayed in each line is not incremented by 1 from line to line.
If this is the case, look for a network problem, such as:
Damaged Ethernet cable
IP address of the Workspace or of the other computer not set properly
TCP/IP software not properly installed on the other computer
Damaged network card on sending and receiving side

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Diagnostic with the DELL Diagnostics Tools

When to Use the Dell Diagnostics


The Dell Diagnostics tests check your computer's hardware without additional equipment and without the risk of
destroying data. When the diagnostics tests complete without indicating any problems, you can have confidence in your
computer's operation. If the tests indicate a problem you cannot solve by yourself, the test results provide important
information you will need when talking to Dell's service and support personnel.
NOTE Only use the Dell Diagnostics to test your Dell computer. Using this program with other computers may cause
incorrect computer responses or result in error messages. Also, only use the Dell Diagnostics that came with
your computer or an updated version of the program for your computer. Do not use Dell Diagnostics from
another model Dell computer

Features
The diagnostic test groups features allow you to take the following actions:
Perform quick checks or extensive tests on one or all devices
Choose the number of times a test group or sub-test is repeated
Display or print test results or save them in a file
Suspend testing if an error is detected or terminate testing when an adjustable error limit is reached
Access online Help screens that describe the tests and tell how to run them
Read status messages that inform you whether test groups or sub-tests completed successfully
Receive error messages that appear if problems are detected

Before You Start Testing


Read "Safety FirstFor You and Your Computer" and the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
Turn on your printer if one is attached, and ensure that it is online.

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Starting the diagnostic from you hard disk


1. Turn on (or restart) your computer.
2. When the DELL logo appears, press F12 immediately to enter Boot Device List.
NOTE If you see a message stating that no diagnostic utility partition has been found, run the dell diagnostics from your
Drivers and Utility Disc (Starting the Diagnostics from Drivers and Utilities Disc on page 246)
NOTE If you wait too long nand the operating system logo appears, continue to wait until you see the Microsoft
Windows desktop, and then shutdown the computer and try again.
3. When the boot device list appears, highlight Boot to Utility Partition and press <Enter>.
4. When the Dell Diagnostics Main Menu appears (Dell Diagnostics Main Menu on page 247), select the test that you
want to run.

Starting the Diagnostics from Drivers and Utilities Disc


1. Insert the Drivers and Utilities Disc
2. Shut down and restart the Host Computer, when the DELL logo appears, press F12 immediately.
NOTE The next steps change the boot sequence for one time only. On the next start-up, the computer boots according
to the drives specified in the system setup program.
3. When the boot device list appears, highlight the onboard or USB CD-ROM Drive and press <Enter>.
4. Select the Boot from CD-ROM option form the menu that appears and press <Enter>.
5. Type 1 to start the menu and press <Enter> to proceed.
6. Select Run the 32 Bit Dell Diagnostics from the number list. If multiple versions are listed, select the version
appropriate for your computer.
7. When the Dell Diagnostics Main Menu appears (Dell Diagnostics Main Menu on page 247), select the test you
want to run.

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Dell Diagnostics Main Menu


1. After the Dell Diagnostics loads and the Main Menu screen appears, click the button for the option you want.
Table 90:

Option Function

Express Test Performs a quick test of devices. This test typically takes 10 to 20 minutes and requires no
interaction on your part. Run Express Test first to increase the possibility of tracing the problem
quickly.
Test devices are: Real-time clock, system timer, interrupt controller, system memory, I/O APIC,
multi-processor, video card, USB controller, keyboard, serial ports, Intel PRO/1000 NT network,
IDE CD-ROM, audio.

Entends Test Performs a thorough check of devices. This test typically takes 1 hour or more and requires you
to answer questions periodically.

Custom Test Tests a specific device. You can customize the tests you want to run.

Symptom Tree Lists the most common symptoms encountered and allows you to select a test based on the
symptom of the problem you are having.

2. Select first the Express Test, to perform fast test on Dell.


3. If any of the devices fail during the test, perform manual test on the same specific device, using the Custom Test
option
4. If you run a test from the Custom Test or Symptom Tree option, click the applicable tab described in the following
table for more information.
Table 91:

Tab Function

Results Displays the results of the test and any error conditions encountered.

Errors Displays error conditions encountered, error codes, and the problem description.

Help Describes the test and may indicate requirements for running the test.

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Table 91:

Tab Function

Displays your hardware configuration for the selected device.


The Dell Diagnostics obtains configuration information for all devices from system setup, memory,
and various internal tests, and it displays the information in the
Configuration
device list in the left pane of the screen. The device list may not display the names of all the
components installed on your computer or all devices attached to your
computer.

Parameters Allows you to customize the test by changing the test settings.

5. When the tests are completed, if you are running the Dell Diagnostics from the Drivers and Utilities disc, remove the
disc.
6. Close the test screen to return to the Main Menu screen. To exit the Dell Diagnostics and restart the computer,
close the Main Menu screen.

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DELL Precision T5400 Trouble Shooting Lights


To help you troubleshoot a problem, the Dell Precision
T5400 workstation computer has four lights labeled "1,"
"2," "3," and "4" on the front panel (Figure 113). The
lights can be "off" or green. When the computer starts
normally, the lights flash. Hard Disk
Activity Light
If the computer malfunctions, the pattern of the lights
and also that of the power button help to identify the
problem. These lights also indicate sleep states.
Diagnostic Lights

Network Link
Lights

Figure 113: T5400 Trouble Shooting Lights

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Diagnostic Lights Codes Before POST

Table 92: Diagnostic Lights Codes Before POST

Diagnostics Light Power Light Problem Description Suggested Resolution

The computer is in a normal off condition or in Windows


Hibernation mode. Press the power button to turn the computer
The computer is in abnormal off on. If the computer does not turn on, ensure that the front-panel
Off condition or in Windows power light is on. If the power light is off, ensure that the
Hibernation mode. computer is connected to a working electrical outlet and then
press the power button. If the problem is still not resolved,
contact Dell for technical assistance

Use one of the appropriate methods to "wake up" the computer.


See "Advanced Features in your Dell T5400 User Guide.
The computer is in a reduced If the problem is not resolved and you are trying to wake the
Blink green
power or "sleep" state. computer with a USB mouse or keyboard, substitute the mouse
or keyboard with a working PS/2 mouse or keyboard and then
try to wake the computer.

The system hardware appears to be operating normally.


Green None Any issues seen may be related to the operating system or
software.

Ensure that the processor is seated correctly and restart the


computer.
Amber The BIOS is not executing
If the problem is still not resolved, contact Dell for technical
(blinking) assistance

Perform the procedure in "Power Problems" on the Dell T5400


A possible power supply or power
Amber Blinking User Guide. If the problem is still not resolved, contact Dell for
cable failure has occurred.
technical assistance
(blinking)

A possible system board failure


Amber Contact Dell for technical assistance
has occurred.

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Table 92: Diagnostic Lights Codes Before POST

Diagnostics Light Power Light Problem Description Suggested Resolution

A possible system board failure


Amber Contact Dell for technical assistance
has occurred.

A possible system board failure


Amber Contact Dell for technical assistance
has occurred.

A possible system board failure


Amber Contact Dell for technical assistance
has occurred.

Amber A processor mismatch exists. See "Troubleshooting" in Dell T5400 User Guide

Power supply cables are not Verify that both power supply cables are plugged in to the
Amber
properly connected. motherboard.

Diagnostic Light Codes During POST


The power light displays a solid green for diagnostic light codes during POST.
Table 93: Diagnostic Light Codes During POST

Light Pattern Problem Description Suggested Resolution

A possible processor Reinstall the processor (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R manual) and
failure has occurred. restart the computer.

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Table 93: Diagnostic Light Codes During POST

Light Pattern Problem Description Suggested Resolution

A possible expansion card 1. Determine if a conflict exists by removing a card (not the Display card) and
failure has occurred. then restarting the computer (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R
manual).
2. If the problem persists, reinstall the card that you removed, remove a
different card, and then restart the computer.
3. Repeat this process for each card. If the computer starts normally,
troubleshoot the last card removed from the computer for resource
conflicts (see "Trouble shooting Software and Hardware Problems in the
Microsoft Windows XP and Microsoft Windows Vista Operating Systems"
your Dell T5400 User Guide).
4. If the problem persists, contact Dell for technical assistance
A possible Display card 1. If the computer has a Display Card, remove the card, reinstall it, and then
failure has occurred. restart the computer (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R manual).
2. If the problem still exists, install a Display Card that you know works and
restart the computer.
3. If the problem persists or the computer has integrated graphics, contact
Dell for technical assistance
A possible floppy or hard Reset all power and data cables and restart the computer.
drive failure has occurred.

A possible USB failure Reinstall all USB devices, check cable connections, and then restart the
has occurred. computer.

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Table 93: Diagnostic Light Codes During POST

Light Pattern Problem Description Suggested Resolution

No memory modules are 1. Reset the memory modules to ensure that your computer is successfully
detected. communicating with the memory (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R
manual).
2. Restart the computer.
3. If the problem still exists, remove all the memory modules and install one
memory module in memory module connector DIMM_1.
4. Restart the computer. A message appears stating that because your
memory is not paired, the system will operate with reduced performance
and reduced error-correction capability.
5. Press <F1> to boot to the operating system.
6. Run the Dell Diagnostics (Starting the diagnostic from you hard disk on
page 246).
7. If the memory module passes, shut down the computer, remove the
memory module, and then repeat the process with the remaining memory
modules until a memory error occurs during start-up or diagnostic testing.
If the first memory module tested is defective, repeat the process with the
remaining modules to ensure that the remaining modules are not
defective.
8. When the defective memory module is identified, contact Dell for a
replacement
System board failure has Contact Dell for technical assistance
occurred.

Memory modules are 1. Ensure that no special memory module/memory connector placement
detected, but a memory requirements exist
configuration or 2. Verify that the memory modules that you are installing are compatible with
compatibility error exists. your computer
3. Reinstall the memory modules and restart the computer.
4. If the problem persists, contact Dell for technical assistance

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Table 93: Diagnostic Light Codes During POST

Light Pattern Problem Description Suggested Resolution

Routine system activity Watch your monitor for on screen messages.


preceding video
initialization.

A possible expansion card 1. Determine if a conflict exists by removing a card (not the Display card) and
failure has occurred. then restarting the computer (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R
manual).
2. If the problem persists, reinstall the card that you removed, remove a
different card, and then restart the computer.
3. Repeat this process for each card. If the computer starts normally,
troubleshoot the last card removed from the computer for resource
conflicts (see "Trouble shooting Software and Hardware Problems in the
Microsoft Windows XP and Microsoft Windows Vista Operating Systems"
your Dell T5400 User Guide).
4. If the problem persists, contact Dell for technical assistance
Routine system activity Watch your monitor for on screen messages.
preceding video
initialization.

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System Beep Codes


When errors occur during a boot routine that cannot be reported on the monitor, the computer may emit a beep code
that identifies the problem.
The beep code is a pattern of sounds: for example, one beep, followed by a second beep, and then a burst of three
beeps (code 1-1-3) means that the computer was unable to read the data in nonvolatile random-access memory
(NVRAM).
If the system loses power and beeps constantly when you turn it back on, the BIOS is probably corrupted.
Table 94:

Code Cause

1-1-2 Microprocessor register failure

1-1-3 NVRAM read/write failure

1-1-4 ROM BIOS checksum failure

1-2-1 Programmable interval timer failure

1-2-2 DMA initialization failure

1-2-3 DMA page register read/write failure

1-3 Video Memory Test failure

1-3-1 through 2-4-4 Memory not being properly identified or used

1-3-2 Memory problem

3-1-1 Slave DMA register failure

3-1-2 Master DMA register failure

3-1-3 Master interrupt mask register failure

3-1-4 Slave interrupt mask register failure

3-2-2 Interrupt vector loading failure

3-2-4 Keyboard Controller Test failure

3-3-1 NVRAM power loss


3-4-2 Screen retrace failure

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Table 94:

Code Cause

3-3-4 Video Memory Test failure

3-4-1 Screen initialization failure

3-3-2 Invalid NVRAM configuration

3-4-3 Search for video ROM failure

4-2-1 No timer tick

4-2-2 Shutdown failure

4-2-3 Gate A20 failure

4-2-4 Unexpected interrupt in protected mode

4-3-1 Memory failure above address 0FFFFh

4-3-3 Timer-chip counter 2 failure

4-3-4 Time-of-day clock stopped

4-4-1 Serial or parallel port test failure

4-4-2 Failure to decompress code to shadowed memory

4-4-3 Math-coprocessor test failure

4-4-4 Cache test failure

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Dell T5500

Front View of Dell T5500 Workstation


The following Figure 108 on page 235 show the controls, lights, and other features on the front panel of your computer.

Hard Disk2 Hard Disk1 USB Power Light

Hard Disk
Activity Light

Network Link Diagnostic Lights Microphone Headphone


Light

Figure 114: Computer Front View

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Controls and Lights


Power button --controls the computer's AC input power (Table 88 )
Table 95: Power Button Functions

Button Lights Status Power Button Function

Off Press and release to turn the computer on.

Press and hold for more than 6 seconds to immediately turn the computer off.
On
NOTE: Use this method only if the computer will not shut down normally.

Power light ---illuminates in two colors and blinks or remains solid to indicate different states.
Hard Disk Activity Light ---illuminates when the computer reads data from or writes data to the hard disk.
Diagnostic lights---a series of lights that can help you diagnose a problem with your computer.
Network Link Light --The network link light is on when a good connection exists between a 10-Mbps, 100-Mbps, or
1000-Mbps (or 1-Gbps) network and the computer.

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Rear View of Dell T5500 Workstation


The following figure shows the connectors and other features on the rear of the Host Computer.

DVD Power Optical-In


DVD SATA Connector

Network Monitor-out RS-485


Back Panel Connectors Line

Figure 115: Rear view of Computer (to be updated)


Parallel USB Audio Network
Connector Mouse Port Port Line

COM1 COM2 KeyBoard Microphone USB


Port
Figure 116: Back Panel Connectors

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T5500 Computer Block Diagram


The block diagram in following figure displays the Host computer and its relationship to all the elements in the MX 16-
slice CTCT power System.

Figure 117: T5500 Computer Block Diagram

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Connect Devices to T5500


When you connect external devices to your computer's back panel, follow these guidelines:
Check the documentation that accompanied the device for specific installation and configuration instructions.
For example, you must connect most devices to a particular I/O port or connector to operate properly. Also, external
devices like a printer usually require you to load device drivers before they will work.
Always attach external devices while your computer is turned off. Then turn on the computer before turning on any
external devices, unless the documentation for the device specifies otherwise.

!
CAUTION Before disconnecting a device from the computer, wait 10 to 20 seconds after turning off the
computer to avoid possible damage to the system board.

Audio Port
The audio controller provides connection to the Gantry via the Console Interface Board (for Auto Voice).

Parallel Port Connector


An I/O port on your computer that transfers data eight bits at a time. It uses a 25-pin, female subminiature-D connector,
typically to connect a printer. Also referred to as an LPT port.
NOTE The integrated parallel port is automatically disabled if the computer detects an installed expansion card
containing a parallel port configured to the same address as specified in the Parallel Port option in system setup.

USB 2.0 Connector


USB 2.0 connection could be used to connect a mouse.

Microphone Port
The Microphone Port is used to connect the microphone for voice recording.

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PS/2 Mouse Connector


Attach the PS/2 mouse cable to the 6-pin mouse connector on the rear panel.
NOTE This connector is similar to the keyboard connector. Ensure that you correctly identify the mouse connector
before you connect the device.

PS/2 Keyboard Connector


Attach the PS/2 keyboard cable to the 6-pin keyboard connector on the rear panel.
NOTE NOTE This connector is similar to the mouse connector. Ensure that you correctly identify the keyboard
connector before you connect the device.

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T5500 Computer Troubleshooting and Diagnostics

Overview
The following sections aid you in troubleshooting problems with the workstation:
System Shutdown Procedure on page 243explains how to shut down the system
Network Testing on page 243troubleshoot problems that involve network communication
Diagnostic with the DELL Diagnostics Tools on page 245use the Dell Diagnostic Tools to test and diagnose
system hardware

System Shutdown Procedure


When necessary, log out of the Applications menu, not from the Windows Start menu.

Network Testing

Basic Test of the Network


The testing procedure is based on the ping utility. This utility sends packets from the tested Workspace to another
computer that is connected to the same network. The other computer returns every packet it receives to the sender of
the packet (in our test, the packets are sent from and returned to the Workspace).
The ping utility also displays every returned packet, thus enabling the user to see if the network is operating OK.

Testing
1. Turn ON the computer.
2. From the Windows Start menu, click Run.
3. Type: cmd and press <Enter>. A command window (DOS shell) opens.
4. Type: ping <IP-address-of-the-other-computer> and press <Enter>.
For instance, if the IP address of the other computer is 192.132.141.211, type:
ping 192.132.141.211
5. If everything is OK, lines such as the following appear on the screen:
PING 192.132.141.211 (192.132.141.211): 56 data bytes

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64 bytes from 192.132.141.211: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=2 ms


64 bytes from 192.132.141.211: icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=1 ms
64 bytes from 192.132.141.211: icmp_seq=2 ttl=255 time=1 ms
NOTE The IP address 192.132.141.211 above is only an example. Actually, the IP address that you used with ping
appears.
6. If a fault is detected in the network, only one line appears:
PING 192.132.141.211 (192.132.141.211): 56 data bytes
or: the icmp_seq variable displayed in each line is not incremented by 1 from line to line.
If this is the case, look for a network problem, such as:
Damaged Ethernet cable
IP address of the Workspace or of the other computer not set properly
TCP/IP software not properly installed on the other computer
Damaged network card on sending and receiving side

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Diagnostic with the DELL Diagnostics Tools

When to Use the Dell Diagnostics


The Dell Diagnostics tests check your computer's hardware without additional equipment and without the risk of
destroying data. When the diagnostics tests complete without indicating any problems, you can have confidence in your
computer's operation. If the tests indicate a problem you cannot solve by yourself, the test results provide important
information you will need when talking to Dell's service and support personnel.
NOTE Only use the Dell Diagnostics to test your Dell computer. Using this program with other computers may cause
incorrect computer responses or result in error messages. Also, only use the Dell Diagnostics that came with
your computer or an updated version of the program for your computer. Do not use Dell Diagnostics from
another model Dell computer

Features
The diagnostic test groups features allow you to take the following actions:
Perform quick checks or extensive tests on one or all devices
Choose the number of times a test group or sub-test is repeated
Display or print test results or save them in a file
Suspend testing if an error is detected or terminate testing when an adjustable error limit is reached
Access online Help screens that describe the tests and tell how to run them
Read status messages that inform you whether test groups or sub-tests completed successfully
Receive error messages that appear if problems are detected

Before You Start Testing


Read "Safety FirstFor You and Your Computer" and the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
Turn on your printer if one is attached, and ensure that it is online.

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Starting the diagnostic from you hard disk


1. Turn on (or restart) your computer.
2. When the DELL logo appears, press F12 immediately to enter Boot Device List.
NOTE If you see a message stating that no diagnostic utility partition has been found, run the dell diagnostics from your
Drivers and Utility Disc (Starting the Diagnostics from Drivers and Utilities Disc on page 246)
NOTE If you wait too long nand the operating system logo appears, continue to wait until you see the Microsoft
Windows desktop, and then shutdown the computer and try again.
3. When the boot device list appears, highlight Boot to Utility Partition and press <Enter>.
4. When the Dell Diagnostics Main Menu appears (Dell Diagnostics Main Menu on page 247), select the test that you
want to run.

Starting the Diagnostics from Drivers and Utilities Disc


1. Insert the Drivers and Utilities Disc
2. Shut down and restart the Host Computer, when the DELL logo appears, press F12 immediately.
NOTE The next steps change the boot sequence for one time only. On the next start-up, the computer boots according
to the drives specified in the system setup program.
3. When the boot device list appears, highlight the onboard or USB CD-ROM Drive and press <Enter>.
4. Select the Boot from CD-ROM option form the menu that appears and press <Enter>.
5. Type 1 to start the menu and press <Enter> to proceed.
6. Select Run the 32 Bit Dell Diagnostics from the number list. If multiple versions are listed, select the version
appropriate for your computer.
7. When the Dell Diagnostics Main Menu appears (Dell Diagnostics Main Menu on page 247), select the test you
want to run.

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Dell Diagnostics Main Menu


1. After the Dell Diagnostics loads and the Main Menu screen appears, click the button for the option you want.
Table 96:

Option Function

Express Test Performs a quick test of devices. This test typically takes 10 to 20 minutes and requires no
interaction on your part. Run Express Test first to increase the possibility of tracing the problem
quickly.
Test devices are: Real-time clock, system timer, interrupt controller, system memory, I/O APIC,
multi-processor, video card, USB controller, keyboard, serial ports, Intel PRO/1000 NT network,
IDE CD-ROM, audio.

Entends Test Performs a thorough check of devices. This test typically takes 1 hour or more and requires you
to answer questions periodically.

Custom Test Tests a specific device. You can customize the tests you want to run.

Symptom Tree Lists the most common symptoms encountered and allows you to select a test based on the
symptom of the problem you are having.

2. Select first the Express Test, to perform fast test on Dell.


3. If any of the devices fail during the test, perform manual test on the same specific device, using the Custom Test
option
4. If you run a test from the Custom Test or Symptom Tree option, click the applicable tab described in the following
table for more information.
Table 97:

Tab Function

Results Displays the results of the test and any error conditions encountered.

Errors Displays error conditions encountered, error codes, and the problem description.

Help Describes the test and may indicate requirements for running the test.

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Table 97:

Tab Function

Displays your hardware configuration for the selected device.


The Dell Diagnostics obtains configuration information for all devices from system setup, memory,
and various internal tests, and it displays the information in the
Configuration
device list in the left pane of the screen. The device list may not display the names of all the
components installed on your computer or all devices attached to your
computer.

Parameters Allows you to customize the test by changing the test settings.

5. When the tests are completed, if you are running the Dell Diagnostics from the Drivers and Utilities disc, remove the
disc.
6. Close the test screen to return to the Main Menu screen. To exit the Dell Diagnostics and restart the computer,
close the Main Menu screen.

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DELL Precision T5500 Trouble Shooting Lights


To help you troubleshoot a problem, the Dell Precision
T5400 workstation computer has four lights labeled "1,"
"2," "3," and "4" on the front panel (Figure 113). The
lights can be "off" or green. When the computer starts
normally, the lights flash. Hard Disk
Activity Light
If the computer malfunctions, the pattern of the lights
and also that of the power button help to identify the
problem. These lights also indicate sleep states.
Diagnostic Lights

Network Link
Lights

Figure 118: T5400 Trouble Shooting Lights

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Diagnostic Lights Codes Before POST

Table 98: Diagnostic Lights Codes Before POST

Diagnostics Light Power Light Problem Description Suggested Resolution

The computer is in a normal off condition or in Windows


Hibernation mode. Press the power button to turn the computer
The computer is in abnormal off on. If the computer does not turn on, ensure that the front-panel
Off condition or in Windows power light is on. If the power light is off, ensure that the
Hibernation mode. computer is connected to a working electrical outlet and then
press the power button. If the problem is still not resolved,
contact Dell for technical assistance

Use one of the appropriate methods to "wake up" the computer.


See "Advanced Features in your Dell T5500 User Guide.
The computer is in a reduced If the problem is not resolved and you are trying to wake the
Blink green
power or "sleep" state. computer with a USB mouse or keyboard, substitute the mouse
or keyboard with a working PS/2 mouse or keyboard and then
try to wake the computer.

The system hardware appears to be operating normally.


Green None Any issues seen may be related to the operating system or
software.

Ensure that the processor is seated correctly and restart the


computer.
Amber The BIOS is not executing
If the problem is still not resolved, contact Dell for technical
(blinking) assistance

Perform the procedure in "Power Problems" on the Dell T5500


A possible power supply or power
Amber Blinking User Guide. If the problem is still not resolved, contact Dell for
cable failure has occurred.
technical assistance
(blinking)

A possible system board failure


Amber Contact Dell for technical assistance
has occurred.

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Table 98: Diagnostic Lights Codes Before POST

Diagnostics Light Power Light Problem Description Suggested Resolution

A possible system board failure


Amber Contact Dell for technical assistance
has occurred.

A possible system board failure


Amber Contact Dell for technical assistance
has occurred.

A possible system board failure


Amber Contact Dell for technical assistance
has occurred.

Amber A processor mismatch exists. See "Trouble shooting" in Dell T5500 User Guide

Power supply cables are not Verify that both power supply cables are plugged in to the
Amber
properly connected. motherboard.

Diagnostic Light Codes During POST


The power light displays a solid green for diagnostic light codes during POST.

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Table 99: Diagnostic Light Codes During POST

Light Pattern Problem Description Suggested Resolution

A possible processor Reinstall the processor (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R manual) and
failure has occurred. restart the computer.

A possible expansion card 1. Determine if a conflict exists by removing a card (not the Display card) and
failure has occurred. then restarting the computer (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R
manual).
2. If the problem persists, reinstall the card that you removed, remove a
different card, and then restart the computer.
3. Repeat this process for each card. If the computer starts normally,
troubleshoot the last card removed from the computer for resource
conflicts (see "Trouble shooting Software and Hardware Problems in the
Microsoft Windows XP and Microsoft Windows Vista Operating Systems"
your Dell T5500 User Guide).
4. If the problem persists, contact Dell for technical assistance
A possible Display card 1. If the computer has a Display Card, remove the card, reinstall it, and then
failure has occurred. restart the computer (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R manual).
2. If the problem still exists, install a Display Card that you know works and
restart the computer.
3. If the problem persists or the computer has integrated graphics, contact
Dell for technical assistance
A possible floppy or hard Reset all power and data cables and restart the computer.
drive failure has occurred.

A possible USB failure Reinstall all USB devices, check cable connections, and then restart the
has occurred. computer.

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Table 99: Diagnostic Light Codes During POST

Light Pattern Problem Description Suggested Resolution

No memory modules are 1. Reset the memory modules to ensure that your computer is successfully
detected. communicating with the memory (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R
manual).
2. Restart the computer.
3. If the problem still exists, remove all the memory modules and install one
memory module in memory module connector DIMM_1.
4. Restart the computer. A message appears stating that because your
memory is not paired, the system will operate with reduced performance
and reduced error-correction capability.
5. Press <F1> to boot to the operating system.
6. Run the Dell Diagnostics (Starting the diagnostic from you hard disk on
page 246).
7. If the memory module passes, shut down the computer, remove the
memory module, and then repeat the process with the remaining memory
modules until a memory error occurs during start-up or diagnostic testing.
If the first memory module tested is defective, repeat the process with the
remaining modules to ensure that the remaining modules are not
defective.
8. When the defective memory module is identified, contact Dell for a
replacement
System board failure has Contact Dell for technical assistance
occurred.

Memory modules are 1. Ensure that no special memory module/memory connector placement
detected, but a memory requirements exist
configuration or 2. Verify that the memory modules that you are installing are compatible with
compatibility error exists. your computer
3. Reinstall the memory modules and restart the computer.
4. If the problem persists, contact Dell for technical assistance

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Table 99: Diagnostic Light Codes During POST

Light Pattern Problem Description Suggested Resolution

Routine system activity Watch your monitor for on screen messages.


preceding video
initialization.

A possible expansion card 1. Determine if a conflict exists by removing a card (not the Display card) and
failure has occurred. then restarting the computer (refer to MX 16-slice CT Workspace R&R
manual).
2. If the problem persists, reinstall the card that you removed, remove a
different card, and then restart the computer.
3. Repeat this process for each card. If the computer starts normally,
troubleshoot the last card removed from the computer for resource
conflicts (see "Trouble shooting Software and Hardware Problems in the
Microsoft Windows XP and Microsoft Windows Vista Operating Systems"
your Dell T5500 User Guide).
4. If the problem persists, contact Dell for technical assistance
Routine system activity Watch your monitor for on screen messages.
preceding video
initialization.

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System Beep Codes


When errors occur during a boot routine that cannot be reported on the monitor, the computer may emit a beep code
that identifies the problem.
The beep code is a pattern of sounds: for example, one beep, followed by a second beep, and then a burst of three
beeps (code 1-1-3) means that the computer was unable to read the data in nonvolatile random-access memory
(NVRAM).
If the system loses power and beeps constantly when you turn it back on, the BIOS is probably corrupted.
Table 100:

Code Cause

1-1-2 Microprocessor register failure

1-1-3 NVRAM read/write failure

1-1-4 ROM BIOS checksum failure

1-2-1 Programmable interval timer failure

1-2-2 DMA initialization failure

1-2-3 DMA page register read/write failure

1-3 Video Memory Test failure

1-3-1 through 2-4-4 Memory not being properly identified or used

1-3-2 Memory problem

3-1-1 Slave DMA register failure

3-1-2 Master DMA register failure

3-1-3 Master interrupt mask register failure

3-1-4 Slave interrupt mask register failure

3-2-2 Interrupt vector loading failure

3-2-4 Keyboard Controller Test failure

3-3-1 NVRAM power loss


3-4-2 Screen retrace failure

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Table 100:

Code Cause

3-3-4 Video Memory Test failure

3-4-1 Screen initialization failure

3-3-2 Invalid NVRAM configuration

3-4-3 Search for video ROM failure

4-2-1 No timer tick

4-2-2 Shutdown failure

4-2-3 Gate A20 failure

4-2-4 Unexpected interrupt in protected mode

4-3-1 Memory failure above address 0FFFFh

4-3-3 Timer-chip counter 2 failure

4-3-4 Time-of-day clock stopped

4-4-1 Serial or parallel port test failure

4-4-2 Failure to decompress code to shadowed memory

4-4-3 Math-coprocessor test failure

4-4-4 Cache test failure

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