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Non-sway frame Example

20 kN

A B C

2.4 m
D

3m 2m 2m

Figure 1
Solution:
a) Fixed End Moments
FEMBC = -3PL/16 = -3(40)(4)/16 = - 30 kNm
FEMCB = 0 kNm

b) Moment Distribution Table

Joint A B D C
Member AB BA BC BD DB CB
Kmember 3EI/3 =EI EI 0.75EI 4EI/2.4 = 1.67EI 3EI/4 =
1.67EI 0.75EI
Kjoint EI +0 3.42EI 1.5EI + 0.75EI+0
DF 1 0.292 0.219 0.488 0 1
FEM -30
Bal&Dis 8.76 6.57 14.64
CO 7.32
M 0 8.76 -23.43 14.64 7.32 0
Non-sway frame Tutorial 32 kN
32 kN/m

A B D E

3m
C

3.75 m 3m 2m

Given E = 200 GPa, I = 240(106) mm4

Solution:
a) Fixed End Moments
FEMAB = 0 kNm
FEMBA = wl2/8 = 32(3.75)2/8 = 56.25kNm
FEMBD = -wl2/8 = -32(3)2/8 = -36 kNm
FEMDB = 0 kNm
FEMDE = -32(2) = -64 kNm
b) Moment Distribution Table

Joint A B C D
Member AB BA BC BD CB DB DE
Kmember 3EI/3.75 0.8EI 4EI/3 = 3EI/3 = EI 1.33EI EI
=0.8EI 1.33EI
Kjoint 0.8EI +0 3.13EI 1.33EI+ EI +0
DF 1 0.256 0.425 0.319 0 1 0
FEM 56.25 -36 -64
Bal&Dis -5.18 -8.61 -6.46 64
CO 32 -4.31
Bal&Dis -8.19 -13.6 -10.21
CO -6.8
M 0 42.88 -22.21 -20.67 -11.11 64 -64
Sway Frame Example 100kN/m

30kN
B C

4m

A D

3m 4m 3m

Source(Hibbeler Exercise 12-21):


Problem: For the battered column frame, determine the moment at each joints. EI is
constant.

Solution:

100kN/m 100kN/m
R R
30kN 30kN

= +

Actual structure Stage 1: Non-sway analysis Stage 2: Sway analysis

Stage1: Non Sway Analysis

a. Fixed End Moment

FEMBC = -wL2/12 = -133.33 kNm ; FEMCB = wL2/12 = 133.33 kNm

b. Moment Distribution Table

Joint A B C D
Member AB BA BC CB CD DC
Km 4EI/5 EI EI 4EI/5
Kj 1.8EI 1.8EI
DF 0 0.4444 0.5556 0.5556 0.4444 0
FEM -133.33 133.33
Bal&Dist 59.25 74.08 -74.08 -59.25
CO 29.63 -37.04 37.04 -29.63
Repeat
M1 41.01 82.04 -82.04 82.04 -82.04 -41.01
c. Determine R 100kN/m
R
30kN
Tips:
82.04 82.04
Solve for By from section BC
200 200
Ay = By from section AB solve for Ax
From section CD solve for Dx.
Remember to incorporate action 82.04
82.04
By and Dy in the calculation.

41.01
180.75 41.01
-R+Ax-Dx +30 = 0 180.75
R = 30kN 200
200

Stage2: Sway Analysis

d. Fixed End Moment

Assume EI = 100kNm
FEMAB = FEMBA =FEMCD = FEMDC = -6EI/52 = -24kNm;
FEMCB = FEMBC = 6EI(2)/42 = 6EI(2x0.8)/42 = 60kNm

e. Moment Distribution Table

Joint A B C D
Member AB BA BC CB CD DC
DF 0 0.4444 0.5556 0.5556 0.4444 0
FEM -24 -24 60 60 -24 -24
Bal&Dist 0 -16 -20 -20 -16 0
CO -8 0 -10 -10 0 -8
Bal&Dist 0 4.444 5.556 5.556 4.444 0
CO 2.222 0 2.778 2.778 0 2.222
Bal&Dist 0 -1.235 -1.543 -1.543 -1.235 0
CO -0.618 0 -0.772 -0.772 0 -0.618
Bal&Dist 0 0.3431 0.4289 0.4289 0.3431 0
CO 0.172 0 0.2145 0.2145 0 0.172
Bal&Dist 0 -0.095 -0.119 -0.119 -0.095 0
CO -0.0475 0 -0.0595 -0.0595 0 -0.0475
Bal&Dist 0 0.0264 0.0331 0.0331 0.0264 0
M2 -30.27 -36.52 36.52 36.52 -36.52 -30.27

f. Determine R
R

36.52 36.52
18.3 18.3

R+Ax-Dx = 0
R = -Ax+Dx = 30.42+30.42 = 60.84kN 36.52
36.52

30.27
-30.42 30.27
30.42
18.3
18.3
g. Determine Final Moment

R/R = 30/60.84 =0.4931

MAB = M1AB + M2AB(R/R) = 41.01 + 0.4931(-30.27) = 26.08


MBA = M1BA + M2BA(R/R) = 82.04 + 0.4931(-36.52) = 64.03
MBC = M1BC + M2BC(R/R) = -82.04 + 0.4931(36.52) = -64.03
MCB = M1CB + M2CB(R/R) = 82.04 + 0.4931(36.52) = 100.05
MCD = M1CD + M2CD(R/R) = -82.04 + 0.4931(-36.52) = -100.05
MDC = M1DC + M2DC(R/R) = -41.01 + 0.4931(-30.26) = -55.93