This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Eng 24 Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit the World
Organized by Prof. Jasmina Vujic and Prof. Vojin Oklobdzija
Freshman Seminar, Fall 2000 University of California at Berkeley
“Were we to seize and eliminate from our industrial world the results of Mr. Tesla’s work, the wheels of industry would cease to turn, our electric cars and trains would stop, our towns would be dark, our mills would be dead and idle. Yes, so far reaching is his work that it has become the warp and woof of industry. The name of Tesla ... marks and epoch in the advance of electrical science. From that work has sprung a revolutions.” B. A. Behrend, engineer and colleague of Tesla, 1917
Nikola Tesla was one of the most accomplished inventor-scientists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He invented radio and created the polyphase alternating current system of motors and generators that powers the world. Without his inventions the widespread electriﬁcation that touched the majority of people on the planet would not have been possible. However, he is still not recognized for many of his fundamental inventions. Such is the case of radio for which even the Supreme Court in 1943, determined Tesla as inventor. Tesla's greatest contributions are A.C. power transmission and fundamentals of radio and radio-control. Among the more than 700 of Tesla's other inventions/patents are the rotating magnetic ﬁeld principle, polyphase alternating-current system, induction motor, wireless communication, ﬂuorescent lights, and remote control. Tesla is one of only two Americans to have a unit of electrical measurement named in his honor. In this seminar we will review some of the most important of Tesla's inventions and examine how they inﬂuenced the technological (and social) changes in the 20th century.
and the seminar will be open for engineering and non-engineering freshman students. This device is a transformer with an air core that has both its primary and secondary tuned in resonance. Large amounts of electrical power could be generated and transmitted efﬁciently over long distances. the three-phase form of Tesla's polyphase system is still used for the generation and transmission of most electricity. The circumstances of Tesla’s youth were very hard.7) As part of other experiments with high frequencies Tesla also developed the precursors of modern neon and ﬂorescent lights. bought the patent rights to Tesla's polyphase system of alternating-current TESLA’S FIRST EFFORTS IN INVENTION THE DISCOVERY OF THE ROTATING MAGNETIC FIELD THE DISCOVERY OF THE TESLA COIL AND TRANSFORMER THE DISCOVERY OF NEON AND FLUORESCENT LIGHTS WAR OF THE CURRENTS 2 Eng 24 Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit the World . George Westinghouse. the conversion of electricity into mechanical power is made possible by updated versions of Tesla's three-phase and split phase motors. He constructed these lights. University of California at Berkeley. (3. his ﬁrst “motor” powered by May-bugs. Tesla talks about his frog-catching “apparatus”. Vojin Oklobdzija. excited in his high voltage experiments.(3. had to invent his toys and tools. who straggled to give his son an education. University of California at Davis. Tesla was torn between his strong desire and actual opportunities. His father was a country priest in a very poor region of Lika.(1) Tesla's discovery of the rotating magnetic ﬁeld produced by the interactions of two and three phase alternating currents in a motor winding was one of his most signiﬁcant achievements. To this day. and formed the basis of his induction motor and polyphase system for the generation and distribution of electricity.7) Being born in poverty. various guest speakers will be invited.(3) His experiments with high frequency and high potential alternating currents resulted in the development of the “Tesla coil” which is still used as a major component in numerous electronic devices. and Prof. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. as a young boy.(1. Moreover. Grading will be P/NP. and many others. head of the Westinghouse Electric Company in Pittsburgh. In his autobiography. elongated glass tubes ﬁlled with gas and coated with phosphor. Tesla often. the cost of which was extremely high as compared with his income. Tesla explains his traits and qualities by heredity and attributed them to the inﬂuence of his parents and ancestors. He also discovered that high voltage current could be made harmless by using alternating current scheme at very large frequencies.Outline of the Seminar Outline of the Seminar The seminar is co-organized by Prof. Department of Nuclear Engineering. his “pop-gun” made of hollow wooden tubes. Jasmina Vujic. The short outline of the course is presented below: EARLY LIFE OF NIKOLA TESLA Tesla was convinced that his childhood experiences were decisive for his future work.7) In May 1885. In his autobiography.2. In addition. and this left an imprint on his whole life. There are no prerequisites required.
1943: The United States Supreme Court made a landmark decision that essentially settled the long dispute between Marchese Guglielmo Marconi and Nikola Tesla.. and he was granted a patent in 1898 for “The Method of and Apparatus for Controlling Mechanism of Moving Vessels or Vehicles “.. Those dynamos of 5000 horsepower were the largest ever built thus far. Edison did not create or develop our system of alternating current electricity. In short. At the ﬁrst Electrical Exhibition in Madison Square Garden in 1898. Tesla's patent No. This invention made Tesla an originator of remote control. A similar media blitz is responsible for Thomas Alva Edison becoming a familiar household name. Mr. licensing certain of Tesla’s patents.772 dated June 28. Most people are unaware of what happened June 21. In reality Mr. as a result of his business interests later. 1896. Further evidence of history gone amuck is seen in the Smithsonian's publication.576 of March 20. Tesla's name does not appear anywhere in that publication. History of “The War of the Currents” shows how he fought its adoption bitterly. (2.7) NIAGARA FALLS In October 1893 the Niagara Falls Commission awarded Westinghouse a contract to build the powerhouse at the Falls. 645.4. The ﬁrst three Niagara AC generators went on line November 16. and its subdivision patent for apparatus No. Edison's brief role in the electrical power industry was that of an entrepreneur who failed. The transaction precipitated a titanic power struggle between Edison's direct-current systems and the Tesla-Westinghouse alternatingcurrent approach.4.Outline of the Seminar dynamos. rather than an inventor. (1. Thompson-Houston. choosing instead to promote a system of direct current that had already been invented by others. which eventually won out. "The Beginning of the Electrical Age. 1900. United States. the curator shows pictures of THE GREAT RADIO CONTROVERSY REMOTE CONTROL AND AUTOMATION THE GREAT SMITHSONIAN CONTROVERSY Eng 24 Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit the World 3 . Tesla operated a three-foot model boat demonstrating both radio control and robotry in one incredible presentation. It was Nikola Tesla's discovery of the rotating magnetic ﬁeld principle in 1882 and patented in 1888 that gives us our modern day system of electrical power distribution. Instead. Case No. (2. and motors. from the discovery of Faradey in 1831 to the initial great installation of the Tesla polyphase system in 1896. 1904. is undoubtedly the most tremendous event in all engineering history (Charles E. he is partly responsible for 'developing' radio. and other companies).but he did NOT invent it. 1900. Tesla did. Scott. 7) The Smithsonian Book of Invention is a prodigious 3/4 inch thick book of America's greatest inventors and their inventions. identiﬁed as "Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America vs.4) In the development of receivers and transmitters Tesla applied them in remote ship control. 763.2. General Electric (who by that time took over Edison. 1943) (7) Marchese Guglielmo Marconi was the ﬁrst to send a message across the ocean and. yet Nikola Tesla's name is missing. had priority. naming 43 signiﬁcant contributors. Tesla’s polyphase system would be used throughout the project. transformers. “The evolution of electric power." The curator meticulously traces the history of electricity from Volta to Edison. 369.621 dated May 15." rendered invalid Marconi's basic patent No. The court's decision. 649. was awarded a contract to build 22 miles of transmission lines to Buffalo. One wonders how such an august institution with all the learned historians in their employ could possibly ignore Tesla's contributions in their chapter depicting the evolution of electric power and radio. to be outﬁtted with the ﬁrst two of ten generators that Tesla has designed.
(4) Marc J. Grolier Inc: Connecticut. a few of his own poems. Lika. He emigrated to the United States in 1884 and sold the patent rights to his system of alternating-current dynamos.” Skolska Knjiga. A dreamer with a poetic touch. (5) John Wagner. and readers are carefully guided into believing that this was the work of Edison. His father was an Orthodox priest. 1990. Serbian-American inventor and researcher who discovered the rotating magnetic ﬁeld. 1997. he attended the Technical University at Graz. “Tesla: Master of Lightning.. with four cents in his pocket. while on assignment to Strassburg in 1883.Nikola Tesla: Short Biography the Niagara Falls Power project. Volume 71. pp. and. (3) Encyclopedia Americana. as he matured Tesla added to these earlier qualities those of self-discipline and a desire for precision. Austro-Hungary--d. July 9/10. the basis of most alternating-current machinery. At Graz he ﬁrst saw the Gramme dynamo. “Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla: Biography of a Genius. 527-528. he visualized the principle of the rotating magnetic ﬁeld and developed plans for an induction motor that would become his ﬁrst step toward the successful utilization of alternating current. in after-work hours.” Yale Scientiﬁc Magazine. (2) Margaret Cheney. New York City). and calculations for a ﬂying machine.” Barnes&Noble. transformers. he constructed. became an electric motor. “My Inventions. Tesla was from a family of Serbian origin. Money for this publication came from the Thomas Alva Edison Foundation. Inc. and he conceived a way to use alternating current to advantage. 7. and the University of Prague. Jan. 1996. Zagreb. He ﬁrst found 4 Eng 24 Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit the World . 1999. “Tesla. personal communication (6) Z. Seifer. 1943. an induction coil widely used in radio technology. at Budapest. 1856.” New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. Issue 4 (1999) (7) Margaret Cheney and Robert Uth. Tesla sailed for America in 1884. Austria. Training for an engineering career. arriving in New York. when reversed. In 1891 he invented the Tesla coil. and motors to George Westinghouse the following year.6) REFERENCES (1) Nikola Tesla. Yet it was Tesla's polyphase AC system that the power commission adopted and licenses had to be issued to use Tesla's patents. Nikola Tesla: Short Biography (b. Smiljan. Herskovits.” New Jersey: Carol Publishing Group. Vol 26. his ﬁrst induction motor. Man Out of Time. In 1882 Tesla went to work in Paris for the Continental Edison Company. (5. which operated as a generator and. his mother was unschooled but highly intelligent. “To the Smithsonian or Bust: The Scientiﬁc Legacy of Nikola Tesla. Later. 1981.
Tesla made what he regarded as his most important discovery-. the highest honour that the American Institute of Electrical Engineers could bestow. weather warnings. with $150. The transaction precipitated a titanic power struggle between Edison's direct-current systems and the Tesla-Westinghouse alternatingcurrent approach. a claim that was met with derision in some scientiﬁc journals. In May 1885. labour troubles. is widely used today in radio and television sets and other electronic equipment. He experimented with shadow graphs similar to those that later were to be used by Wilhelm Röntgen when he discovered Xrays in 1895. bought the patent rights to Tesla's polyphase system of alternating-current dynamos.000 capital from the American ﬁnancier J. which eventually won out. Tesla proved his claims for it before a crowd in Madison Square Garden. where his inventive mind could be given free rein. and motors. The project carried power to Buffalo by 1896.terrestrial stationary waves.Nikola Tesla: Short Biography employment with Thomas Edison.. At one time he was certain he had received signals from another planet in his Colorado laboratory. transformers. but the two inventors were far apart in background and methods. His success was a factor in winning him the contract to install the ﬁrst power machinery at Niagara Falls. and Morgan's withdrawal of support. He also lighted 200 lamps without wires from a distance of 25 miles (40 kilometres) and created man-made lightning. his ideas remained in his notebooks. and their separation was inevitable. Tesla soon established his own laboratory. and stock reports. Colo. George Westinghouse. Tesla began construction on Long Island of a wireless world broadcasting tower. He expected to provide worldwide communication and to furnish facilities for sending pictures. He was often invited to lecture at home and abroad. Tesla's countless experiments included work on a carbon button lamp. Pierpont Morgan. producing ﬂashes measuring 135 feet (41 metres). When skepticism was voiced. Eng 24 Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit the World 5 . In 1915 he was severely disappointed when a report that he and Edison were to share the Nobel Prize proved erroneous. Tesla claimed he secured the loan by assigning 51 percent of his patent rights of telephony and telegraphy to Morgan. which he invented in 1891. which are still examined by engineers for unexploited clues. It was Tesla's greatest defeat. In 1898 Tesla announced his invention of a teleautomatic boat guided by remote control. Returning to New York in 1900. Tesla was the recipient of the Edison Medal in 1917. Because of a lack of funds. By this discovery he proved that the Earth could be used as a conductor and would be as responsive as a tuning fork to electrical vibrations of a certain frequency. That year also marked the date of Tesla's United States citizenship. The project was abandoned because of a ﬁnancial panic. In Colorado Springs. Westinghouse used Tesla's system to light the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 1893. on the power of electrical resonance. where he stayed from May 1899 until early 1900. Tesla gave exhibitions in his laboratory in which he lighted lamps without wires by allowing electricity to ﬂow through his body. The Tesla coil. messages. and on various types of lighting. Tesla's work then shifted to turbines and other projects. head of the Westinghouse Electric Company in Pittsburgh. which bore Tesla's name and patent numbers. to allay fears of alternating current.
Inc. / January 1978 Tribute to Nikola Tesla. documents.H. 5. 6 Eng 24 Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit the World . GLEN JIM. 3. CHENEY. Barnes & Noble Books. Tesla was a godsend to reporters who sought sensational copy but a problem to editors who were uncertain how seriously his futuristic prophecies should be regarded. & Associates. MARGARET. Bibliography 1. Childress. Copyright (c) 1996 by Encyclopaedia Britannica. O'NEILL." (I. Stelle.. John the Divine for his funeral services.000 airplanes at a distance of 250 miles (400 kilometres). Series title: Lost science series. Among them were the writers Robert Underwood Johnson. 1993. After Tesla's death the custodian of alien property impounded his trunks. Mark Twain. Inc. Hundreds ﬁled into New York City's Cathedral of St. which held his papers. NIKOLA TESLA MUSEUM 4. Presented in articles.W. 1981. and Francis Marion Crawford. letters. : Adventures Unlimiteds. NIKOLA TESLA MUSEUM Tesla. Inc. and his laboratory notes. The complete patents of Nikola Tesla / edited by Jim Glenn. Ill. These were eventually inherited by Tesla's nephew. Washburn. and his claim of having invented a death ray capable of destroying 10. ED 6. Inc. Nikola Tesla Museum.. driven by compulsions and a progressive germ phobia. his letters. Prentice Hall. Barnes & Noble Books. 1994. S. and a ﬂood of messages acknowledged the loss of a great genius.) Reproduced with permission from Britannica Online. G. G. man out of time. The fantastic inventions of Nikola Tesla / by Nikola Tesla & David H. Caustic criticism greeted his speculations concerning communication with other planets. his diplomas and other honours. Three Nobel Prize recipients addressed their tribute to "one of the outstanding intellects of the world who paved the way for many of the technological developments of modern times. 1993. Beograd. NIKOLA. the life of Nikola Tesla.Bibliography Tesla allowed himself only a few close friends. TESLA. and later housed in the Nikola Tesla Museum in Belgrade. I. his assertions that he could split the Earth like an apple. 2. Prodigal genius. But he had a way of intuitively sensing hidden scientiﬁc secrets and employing his inventive talent to prove his hypotheses. JOHN JOSEPH. He was quite impractical in ﬁnancial matters and an eccentric. 1961. Nikola Tesla: Colorado Springs Notes (1899-1900). Sava Kosanovich. 1944.
16."Twenty First Century Books. telephony. 14. Denver. 20. Patents. Limited. NIKOLA. Tesla Project. L. editor. Popovic. 1999. Santa Barbara. the life story of Nikola Tesla. 1998. UCB Media Ctr VIDEO/D 97 Tesla Bibliography. R. with an introduction. 1897. The Tesla Coil Builder’s Guide to the Colorado Springs Notes of Nikola Tesla. : Sun Pub. MARTIN. Nikola Tesla on his work with alternating currents and their application to wireless telegraphy. MARGARET AND ROBERT UTH 18. 1992. Tesla: The Modern Sorcerer. Publisher: Twenty First Century Books. Barnes&Noble. IWONA 11. 1896-1920. Alternating currents / a co-production of the California Institute of Technology and the Corporation for Community College Television. ed. Publ. 1998. Published by Nikola Tesla Museum. RICHARD L. The Streams of Lenard & Roentgen: a Novel Apparatus for Their Production. 1994. Publisher: Carol Publishing Group. by Ben Johnston. 12. 1964. NIKOLA. THOMAS C. WANETTA Eng 24 Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit the World 7 . CHENEY. DANIEL B. : Hart Bros. Lightning in his hand..Bibliography 7. Nikola Tesla: Guided Weapons and Computer Technology. 17. Denver. Sage Books. MARC J. NIKOLA. TESLA. Colo. Anderson. Williston. My inventions: the autobiography of Nikola Tesla / edited. Electromagnetic induction . HULL.Lecture Before the New York Academy of Sciences. 1982. 1st Hart Bros. 1956. 9. Articles. c1987. Horvat and N. MARGARET. 12 in.. Publisher: Twenty First Century Books. Nikola Tesla: Lectures. Part 37-38. April 6. Colo. TESLA. : Intellimation [distributor]. HUNT. STEWART. Nikolic.) : sd. 1999. Tesla: Master of Lightning. Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla. and transmission of power : an extended interview / Leland I. 8. 13. TESLA. Nikola Tesla . SEIFER.. 1998. 1998. NIKOLA The Inventions. Tesla. Editors: V. Publisher: Frog. CHENEY. Researches and Writings of Nikola Tesla. Draper. Calif. Vt. Publisher: Doubleday. The Mechanical universe and beyond. : Breckinridge. 15. 19. : Distributed exclusively in the USA by Twenty First Century Books. ANDERSON. 1995.Laserdisc. TESLA. VUJOVIC. by Inez Hunt and Wanetta W. VIDEORECORDING 10. . 1999. INEZ AND W. Barnes&Noble.1 videodisc (60 min. col.
USA. Department of Nuclear Engineering. Vinca. (1984) Engineering Physics. Medical application of radiation in cancer diagnostic and therapy. Professional Experience 1998-Present Associate Professor. USA. University of Michigan. Berkeley. University of Belgrade. Development of modern numerical methods in radiation transport (collision probability. University of California. Belgrade.1989 Research Assistant. Department of Nuclear Engineering Berkeley. and is being used by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 1985 . 1989 -1992 Research Staff. as well as for medical applications. Yugoslavia. 1992 -1998 Assistant Professor. Reactor Analysis Division. University of California. Professional Achievements and Awards Jasmina Vujic is an internationally recognized expert in the advanced method development for reactor analysis and design. Advanced nuclear reactor analysis and design. 1977 . She has also developed CHAR. and IEOR). USA. A new version of the code. Dr. (1977) Electrical and Nuclear Engineering. University of Belgrade.berkeley.1985 Researcher/Lecturer at the Nuclear Sciences Institute. the GTRAN2 code was chosen by the Department of Energy as the computational methodology for assembly design of the MHTGR core for tritium production. a general geometry method of characteristics code. Argonne National Laboratory. MS MS BSEE (1990) Nuclear Science. University of Michigan. Berkeley.D. and helath physics. BNCT. 1999-Present Director. Shielding. University of California. Education Ph. Also. Vujic is a member of the American Nuclear Society and has held various executive 8 Eng 24 Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit the World . Ann Arbor. Department of Nuclear Engineering and (1995present) the Joint UCB/UCSF Bioengineering Graduate Group. University of Michigan. Yugoslavia. Optimization techniques for vector and parallel processing. Berkeley. Yugoslavia. Department of Nuclear Engineering. MAGGENTA has been incorporated into the MAGGSCALE package. which provides computing resources to students and faculty of four engineering departments (ME. VUJIC Associate Professor of Nuclear Engineering University of California.edu Areas of Expertise Reactor physics.Short Biographies of The Seminar Organizers Short Biographies of The Seminar Organizers JASMINA L. Advanced Nuclear Engineering Computing Laboratory. the Davis-Etcheverry Computing Facility at UC Berkeley. (1987) Nuclear Science. USA. Ann Arbor. Her general geometry collision probability code GTRAN2 has been licensed to General Electric and Toshiba. method of characteristics. Ann Arbor. radiation protection. 1992-Present Director. CA 94707E-mail: vujic@nuc. CE. Monte Carlo). NE.
From 1988-90 he taught courses in computer architecture. and was a session chairman at numerous domestic and international conferences. at the 1991 ANS Winter Meeting in San Francisco. His industrial experience includes positions at the Microelectronics Center of XEROX Corporation.J. He obtained his Ph. the Best Paper Award. University of California Davis since July 1991. She is holder of one patent and author of about 150 publications. Efﬁcient Implementations of Algorithms and Computation. Brazil. Vujic has given over 60 invited presentations/lectures in the U. and abroad (China. and the Exceptional Teaching Award. and Transware. Dr. College of Engineering. Oklobdzija has been with the department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. She was a member of many Scientiﬁc and Technical Program Committees for domestic and international conferences. consulting positions at Sun Microsystems Laboratories. Nuclear Sciences Institute. Previously he spent 8 years as a research staff member of the IBM T. Latin America. Since 1992. He has been elected Fellow of IEEE for his contributions in super-scalar RISC architecture and he holds four U. Japan.S. He has given over 80 invited talks in the USA. PA. His interest is in: High-Performance Computer System Architecture and Design. Topl. and Reactor Physics. University of Belgrade. PROF. Ing.Short Biographies of The Seminar Organizers positions in several divisions of ANS. Korea. Ann Arbor. Yugoslavia (1982). Los Angeles in 1982 and 1978 respectively where he came as a Fulbright scholar in 1976. as well as several awarded papers. OKLOBDZIJA. Australia and Japan. Nuclear Engineering and Design. She is a reviewer for Nuclear Technology.A and four European patents in the area of circuits and computer design and has published in the areas of: circuits and technology. and DOE. The University of Michigan. Yugoslavia. Germany). Journal of Computational Physics. Belgrade. including over 30 research papers published in leading archival journals. He holds a patent on the IBM RS/6000 ("PowerPC") architecture which is widely used and it is on it's way of becoming a "standard" architecture of the future. in 1991. MI. the 1989 Distinguished Achievement Award for outstanding work in Nuclear Engineering.D and MSc in Computer Science from the University of California. the Best Program Award at the Int. VOJIN G. AT&T Bell Laboratories and various others. VLSI and Fast Circuits. Computations. S. Europe. He obtained Dipl. Pittsburgh. Mexico. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. He was also one of the initiators of the super-computer project at IBM resulting in SP-2 parallel machine. He has over 80 technical publications and three book chapters. CA. (MScEE) degree in Electronics and Telecommunication from the Electrical Engineering Department. She has been consultant for General Electric. on Advances in Mathematics. She also organized several special sessions. Yugoslavia in 1971 and stayed on the faculty until 1976. computer arithmetic and computer architecture. Eng 24 Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit the World 9 . FELLOW IEEE Prof.Watson Research Center in New York where he made contributions to development of RISC and super-scalar RISC architecture and processors. Dr. Mtg.S. the 1991 Argonne National Laboratory Annual Exceptional Performance Award. Vujic has received many awards including: the 1996 Prytanean Faculty Award at University of California at Berkeley. His work on fast ALU scheme has been widely referenced and used. computer arithmetic and computer design at the University of California Berkeley while on sabbatical from IBM.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.