11 views

Uploaded by Alex Yu

A proof of the isoperimetric inequality

- Cartan Hadamard conjeture
- Which Real Numbers Are Equal to Their Cubes
- geometry and measurement unit test
- Geometry Review Exercises.pdf
- polygon
- Exercise 1
- mas181_08_09_Tut_1_revised_soln-2
- Parallel Lines
- Work2
- The Amino Acid Cross Theory
- CAT 2009 Quant Test 27
- 3. Apply Distance and Midpoint
- Coordinate Geometry
- January 2011 Maths
- California math-G5-start smart.pdf
- Mosp2005 Homework[1]
- maths problems ....... Enjoy1
- 2041MS
- Euclids Geometry PDF
- 700000998_Topper_2_123_6_3_Mathematics_questions_up201506182029_1434639560_4094.pdf

You are on page 1of 2

Forum Geometricorum

Volume 2 (2002) 129130. b b

FORUM GEOM

ISSN 1534-1178

Nikolaos Dergiades

gons, simplifying the proof given by T. Bonnesen.

and A are the perimeter and the area of a polygon. It simplifies the proof given by

T. Bonnesen [1, 2].

Theorem. In every polygon with perimeter L and area A we have L2 4A.

Proof. It is sufficient to prove the inequality for a convex polygon ABM Z.

From the vertex A of the polygon we can draw the segment AQ dividing the poly-

gon in two polygons such that

(1) AB + BM + + P Q = L2 , and

(2) the area A1 of the polygon ABM P QA satisfies A1 A2 .

Q P N

N di

M

ai

hi

O M

Z A

A

Figure 1

farthest from O, with OM = R. Draw the circle (O, R), and from the points A and

Q draw perpendiculars to OM to meet the circle at A , Q respectively. Because

of symmetry, the part of the circle AA M Q QA has area S equal to half of the

area of the circle, i.e., S = 12 R2 . Outside the polygon ABM P Q construct

parallelograms touching the circle, with bases the sides such as M N = ai and

Publication Date: October 28, 2002. Communicating Editor: Michael Lambrou.

130 N. Dergiades

height of the parallelogram M M N N , then hi + di = R. Note that A1 is the sum

of the areas of triangles OAB, . . . , OM N , . . . , OP Q, i.e.,

1

A1 = ai hi .

2

i

If we denote by A2 the sum of the areas of the parallelograms, we have

L

A2 = ai di = ai (R hi ) = R 2A1 .

2

i i

L

2

Rewriting this as

2

L 2 L

R 2A1 0,

2 4

we conclude that L2 4 2A1 4A.

The above inequality, by means of limits can be extended to a closed curve.

Since for the circle the inequality becomes equality, we conclude that of all closed

curves with constant perimeter L, the curve that contains the maximum area is the

circle.

References

[1] T. Bonnesen, Les Problemes des Isoperimetres et des Isepiphanes, Paris, Gauthier-Villars 1929;

pp. 59-61.

[2] T. Bonnesen and W. Fenchel, Theorie der Convexen Korper, Chelsea Publishing, New York,

1948; S.111-112.

E-mail address: ndergiades@yahoo.gr

- Cartan Hadamard conjetureUploaded byYamid Yela
- Which Real Numbers Are Equal to Their CubesUploaded bydanini1234
- geometry and measurement unit testUploaded byapi-287376685
- Geometry Review Exercises.pdfUploaded byNoel P. Dote
- polygonUploaded byJudymar Baway
- Exercise 1Uploaded byfiskmoos
- mas181_08_09_Tut_1_revised_soln-2Uploaded byJun Wei
- Parallel LinesUploaded byH Aries Oña
- Work2Uploaded byelius213
- The Amino Acid Cross TheoryUploaded byIan Beardsley
- CAT 2009 Quant Test 27Uploaded bycomplore
- 3. Apply Distance and MidpointUploaded byjona
- Coordinate GeometryUploaded byXamiya
- January 2011 MathsUploaded byDeepak Dinesh
- California math-G5-start smart.pdfUploaded byTrân Lỳ
- Mosp2005 Homework[1]Uploaded bybvarici
- maths problems ....... Enjoy1Uploaded bySangeeta Bansal
- 2041MSUploaded byJustin Goh
- Euclids Geometry PDFUploaded byMahogany
- 700000998_Topper_2_123_6_3_Mathematics_questions_up201506182029_1434639560_4094.pdfUploaded byvishal
- Função Triangulação de PontosUploaded byCarlos Augusto
- Definition of Smarandache FunctionUploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- Geometry Shortcuts Formulae for CAT - EDUSAATHIUploaded byTushar Tiku
- d Fm Cost User GuideUploaded byUdaya RangaNaik
- Victoria Krakovna - Concurrency and CollinearityUploaded byuthso roy
- 2017 Specimen Paper 3Uploaded byLaura Wu
- NCSE 2014 Mathematics 1Uploaded byMath Class
- 9-1 GCSE Mathematics Exam 06 June 2019Uploaded bybonyantun
- test review - 3-1 7 5ac ljhUploaded byapi-291820023
- Price List 2013Uploaded byVaidya Smk

- v15_n1Uploaded bysovannvireak
- Three Geometry LemmasUploaded byloose_tongued
- Mathematical Excalibur - Pole and Polar.pdfUploaded byAlex Yu
- Summer Joe HisaishiUploaded byDaniel Zang
- SGC Lecture 1.pdfUploaded byAlex Yu
- Exponent LiftingUploaded byPhạm Huy Hoàng
- icml09_dasgupta_langford_actl.pdfUploaded byAjeet_1991
- Dumb as SingUploaded byAleksandar Milosavljević
- Statistical Machine Learning W4400 Lecture Slides.pdfUploaded byAlex Yu
- Bela Bartok - Mikrokosmos - Vol. 4Uploaded bycmtmusik
- The uvw methodUploaded byHaru Glory
- Smiling.pdfUploaded byAlex Yu
- An Algorithmists Toolkit Lecture 1Uploaded byAlex Yu
- On Zsigmondy PrimesUploaded byJennifer Bowen
- Stochastic Calculus and Finance.pdfUploaded by_nimble
- AA02 RecurrencesUploaded byAlex Yu
- Arml Power 1996 Pt. 1Uploaded byAlex Yu
- Rejected Tryout ProblemsUploaded byAlex Yu
- The Poincare Lemma and de Rham CohomologyUploaded byAlex Yu
- 2010 HMMT Algebra Practice SolutionsUploaded byAlex Yu
- ProbStat1Uploaded byAlex Yu
- JQuery Programming CookbookUploaded byHicham Ennajih
- IMOMATH - Arithmetic in quadratic fieldsUploaded byDijkschneier
- 60 Geometry Problems - Amir Hossein ParvardiUploaded byRoberto Mariños
- Prob Stat Week 1Uploaded byAlex Yu
- ModsUploaded byAlex Yu
- Mathematical Excalibur - Homothety.pdfUploaded byAlex Yu
- The Fourier Transform and its ApplicationsUploaded bymachinelearner
- On Zsigmondy PrimesUploaded byJennifer Bowen

- (2) MRF-Matlab-GoodUploaded byakram1978
- Mtsac SpringUploaded byNick Elkins
- MATH_F111_1010Uploaded byPshkrwrtwr
- The Euler-Poincaré Formula.pdfUploaded byHaaqym Soochee
- JAM-MUploaded byviddusagar
- met labUploaded byChristian Yuca
- Presentation3.pptUploaded bySwaroop Ranjan Baghar
- Chapter-5-RegressionUploaded byionpope
- Quad Forms MatricesUploaded byJessica Henderson
- The Mathematical Magic of the Fibonacci NumbersUploaded bytpet
- Ch01 Introduction to Differential EquationsUploaded byJhemson ELis
- Relational Algebra DivisionUploaded byguyinthewindmill
- Grover Clifford AlgebraUploaded byJames Chappell
- 2010 SS Timoshenko versus Euler beam theory Pitfalls of a deterministic approachUploaded byClaudio Avila
- dspa1Uploaded bysureshfm1
- Graduate Textbook of Mathematics: Smarandache Multi-Space Theory (second edition), by Linfan MaoUploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- AEMC9Uploaded byRodrigo Hernández
- 1.WordProblems Year3 SAMPLEUploaded byAdvikNagu
- MATH10 Lesson 9Uploaded byBea Oro
- Official Guide for GMAT Review 12th Edition GridUploaded by'Manuel Rodrigues
- APM263-GrossmanSolutionManualUploaded byJared Allen
- NCERT Solutions Class 6 Mathematics Practical GeometryUploaded byNCERT CBSE Study Material
- Total Surface Area Lesson PlanUploaded byJonathan Robinson
- Beyond Lean- Simulation in Practice Second EditionUploaded byJeampierr JIMENEZ MARQUEZ
- 09_Principles_of_Optimal_Control.pdfUploaded byMona Ali
- Theory of Computation NotesUploaded byKniturse
- Week 1 Murtonen and Lehtinen 2003Uploaded byAstro Carrasquilla
- 5-Linear Transformations.pdfUploaded byslowjams
- Mathematics in Daily LifeUploaded byIsmi Asma' Ismail
- g8m6l6- determining an equation for line of best fit 2Uploaded byapi-276774049