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Name ___________________________________Period__________

Who Are We? Notes

Abraham Lincoln (R)


When he ran for president, he was almost
completely unknown.
Born in Kentucky, moved to Indiana and
then later to Illinois.
Before being president, he was a successful
lawyer.
___________________________________
______________________________
He said that the real issue is between the
men who think __________________ a wrong and
those who do not think it is wrong. The Republican
Party thinks it is wrong.

Harpers Ferry
John Brown led 18 men (black and white) to Harpers
Ferry, _________________ to raid the arsenal for
weapons and ammunition.
Hope was to start a rebellion against
slaveholders by ____________ African
Americans with weapons.
He failed and was hung.

Lincoln is Elected
After the raid, Republicans argued that ___________________ was only a threat that was
aimed towards people who were going to cast their vote for Lincoln.
Lincoln won the majority of ________________ votes and the popular vote.
Many of the Southern states never even put his name on their ballot because they
opposed him so much.
With Lincoln elected, Southern states begin to secede from the Union.
First to go
__________________________________
Thinking Cap
When Abraham Lincoln said that a house
divided against itself cannot stand, what did he
mean?

Jefferson Davis
Senator from Mississippi
One and only _______________________________________________________
6 year term!
U.S. Presidents are elected for a 4 year term. We were
Like Lincoln, born in Kentucky but was raised in rebels!
Mississippi.
Very well educated
Attended college in Kentucky before entering the
U.S. Military Academy at West Point.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
President Pierce appointed him as the U.S. Secretary of
War.
He withdrew from the U.S. Senate when Mississippi
seceded from the Union in 1861.
He actually ordered the first shots at ______________________!
Lincoln was sending an unarmed expedition to the fort with supplies and the
Confederates opened fire on the fort before the supplies could arrive.
After the war, he was indicted for __________________, though never tried, and
remained a symbol of Southern pride until his death in 1889.
Thinking Cap
You have travelled back in time. What would you
say to President Davis when he tells his advisers
that he wants to attack Fort Sumter? Why did you
say that to him?

Soldiers
Average age was about ________
About 40% were 21 or younger
Some were even as young as __________!
Most volunteers came from _________________
North=about half owned or worked on farms
South=more than 60% owned or worked on farms
At first, the Union army did not allow
_______________________________ to join but they
eventually did serve.
About 10% of the volunteers by the end of the
war were African American and about 15% in the
Navy.
Separate regiments with mostly white
commanders.
Received lower pay
______________________________________________
Confederate armies did not allow for blacks to fight in the war for most of the war
because they were afraid of a ______________________. When they were allowed to
join, they were promised freedom in return for their service.
In early enlistment, governors were asked to supply soldiers for __________________.
o It became longer when conflict did not end quickly.
o ____________________ was a serious issue because many soldiers left their
homes because they hoped they would be fighting a short war.
o _____________ joined the fight too; they dressed up as and pretended to be men.
Soldiers on each side:
o The Confederate army had 112,000 Rebel soldiers.
o The Union had about 187,000 Yankee soldiers.
Union soldiers wore __________ shirts that were issued by the army.
o Wool did not absorb water like cotton.
Confederate uniforms were ragged and _____________________.

Thinking Cap
What did the soldiers from the North and South
have in common? Explain your answer.

Robert E. Lee
Most ________________ Confederate general
and most widely respected of all Civil War
commanders.
He _________________ secession and resigned
from the U.S. Army to join the forces of his native
state.
He rose to be the ___________________________ of all Confederate land forces.
Repeatedly defeated larger Federal armies in Virginia, yet both of his invasions of the
North were _____________________________.
He found an opponent who would not withdraw regardless of setbacks and casualties in
______________________________________.

Thomas Jonathan Stonewall Jackson


Won his nickname at the Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas).
His throughout the war made him a military
________________.
_______________________ is the only one
who holds a higher place in the Confederate
forces.
He was killed by his own men during the
_____________________________________.
He struggled with his feelings about the
institution of _______________.
He began teaching Sunday school
classes to slaves in Lexington; this was a
_________________ of Virginias segregation laws.

Ulysses S. Grant
He was born Hiram Ulysses Grant, but due
to an error when he went to West Point,
his name was changed to Ulysses Simpson
Grant.
He allowed the error to stand and
became U.S. Grant.
When Lincoln called for troops, Grant did
not get a commission in the army.
He first led troops in combat on November
7, 1861 at Belmont, Missouri.
No terms except an _______________________ and immediate surrender can be
___________________.
William Tecumseh Sherman
Began his Civil War career as a Colonel of the 13th US Infantry Regiment and ended his
career as the Commanding General of the United States army.
First saw action in the Battle of _________________________.
When _____________ was promoted, he put Sherman in charge of the Military Division
of Mississippi in the Western Theater.
________________________________
Railroad ties that had been uprooted and heated to be more malleable and then
twisted around tree trunks. This ensured that tracks could
not be _____________.
_______________________________
Goal was to destroy the Confederates
supply lines.
Destroyed all military facilities in their
path as well as any commercial targets that could be used
militarily.

Vocabulary
Abraham Lincoln _______________________________________________________________
Arsenal _______________________________________________________________________
Secession _____________________________________________________________________
Jefferson Davis _________________________________________________________________
Regiments ____________________________________________________________________
Desert ________________________________________________________________________
Rebel ________________________________________________________________________
Yankee _______________________________________________________________________
Robert E. Lee __________________________________________________________________
Stonewall Jackson ____________________________________________________________
Ulysses S. Grant ________________________________________________________________
William Tecumseh Sherman ______________________________________________________