IEEE - 80

© All Rights Reserved

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IEEE - 80

© All Rights Reserved

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FIELD DATA

A,r

CONDUCTOR SIZE

ts,d,Io

CRITERIA

Etouch70, Estep70

INITIAL DESIGN

D,n,LT,h

GRID RESISTANCE

Rg,LT

MODIFY DESIGN

D,n,LT,LR

GRID CURRENT

IG

YES

GPR < Etouch

NO

VOLTAGES

Em,Es,Km,Ks,Ki,Kii

NO

Em<Etouch

YES

NO

Es<Estep

YES

DETAIL

DESIGN

EARTHING CALCULATION

STANDARDS USED

Grounding IEEE - 80 2000

I

Amm 2 =

( K +T Eqn.: 40 Page : 43

TCAP104

t c r r )(

ln 0 m

K 0+ T a ) IEEE Std. 80 - 2000

Where

Ta = Ambient temperature in C 40 C

EARTHING CALCULATION

TCAP = thermal capacity per unit volume from Table 1 3.42 J/(cmC)

Amm = 34.04 mm

Rounded of = 0.01 mtr.

K=

+ s

C s=

(

0 . 09 1

s ) Eqn. 27, Page 23, IEEE 80 2000

2 hs+ 0. 09

K = -0.92

Cs = 0.71

E step70 =(1000+6C s s )

t s

Where

EARTHING CALCULATION

E step70

Etouch70 =(1000+1 . 5Cs s )

Where ts

Etouch70 = Touch Voltage for body weight of 70 kg

Length Breadth

Preliminary Layout of Grid = 70 70

D = Conductor Spacing = 5 m

LT =2 Na L

Lp = Length of the conductor across perimete = 280 m

D GRID RESISTANCE

R g =

[ 1

+

1

LT 20 A

1+

( 1

1+h 20/ A )]

Where

Rg = Grid Resistance

Rg = 0.67 W

EARTHING CALCULATION

Rg

IG = D f I g

Where

IG = 9415 A

GPR=I GR g

GPR = 6354.8 V

The safety to personnel is specified by IEEE 80, which requires to limit the development of

electrical potential to dangerous value during earth fault current.

The regulation stipulates the following parameters to be within the permissible limit

A Mesh Voltage

I G K m K i

Emesh( Design )= Eqn. 80, Page 91,

Ki

[

LC + 1. 55+1 . 22

(

Lr

L2x +l 2Ly )]

LR

IEEE 80, 2000

larity

K i= 0. 644 +0 . 148 n

Where

n= na n b nc n d

2 LT

na =

LP

EARTHING CALCULATION

2 LT

na =

LP

na = 15.0

n = 15.00

Ki = 2.86

[ ]

2

D2

Km=

1

2

ln

16 hd

+

( D +2 h )

8 Dd

h

4d

+

Kii

Kh

ln

8

[

( 2 n1 ) ] IEEE 80, 2000

Where

Kii = Corrective wieghting factor that adjusts the effect of inner conductors on the corner mesh

1

K ii= 2

n

( 2n )

Kii = 0.62

Where

=

ho )

( 1+

h

Kh = 1.22

Km = 0.65

EARTHING CALCULATION

Emesh( Design )

Calculated Mesh Voltage is Lower than the Tolerable Touch Voltage.HENCE SAFE

B Step Voltage

Voltage developed for step as per the earthing system proposed during full Earth fault current

Estep ( Design)= IEEE 80, 2000

[ 0 . 75 LC +0 . 85 LR ]

Where

Ks=

1

[ 1

+

1

2 h D +h

+

1 0 .5 n2

D ( )] Eqn. 94, Page 94, IEEE 80, 2000

Ks = 0.440

K i= 0. 644 +0 . 148 n

Ki = 2.864

Err:502

EARTHING CALCULATION

SUMMARY

Size of Conductor 7 mm

B GROUND RODS

C HUMAN SAFETY

Step Voltage

Volt 2574 Err:502

Mesh Voltage

Volt 809.96 786

TABLE 1 - MATERIAL CONSTANTS

Material Fusing

Description Conductivity a r factor K0 at Temperature

(%) at 20C (0C) Tm (C)

Copper annealed

1 soft - drawn 1 100 1 0.00393 1 234 1 1083 1

Copper, commercial

hard - drawn

2 2 97 2 0.00381 2 242 2 1084 2

Copper-clad steel

3 wire 3 40 3 0.00378 3 245 3 1084 3

Copper-clad steel

4 wire 4 30 4 0.00378 4 245 4 700 4

Copper-clad steel

5 rod 5 20 5 0.00378 5 245 5 1084 5

Aluminium EC

6 Grade 6 61 6 0.00403 6 228 6 657 6

Aluminium 5005

7 alloy 7 53.5 7 0.00353 7 263 7 652 7

Aluminium 6201

8 alloy 8 52.5 8 0.00347 8 268 8 654 8

Aluminium-clad steel

9 wire 9 20.3 9 0.0036 9 258 9 657 9

Steel, 1020

10 10 10.8 10 0.0016 10 605 10 1510 10

Stainless - clad steel

11 rod 11 9.8 11 0.0016 11 605 11 1400 11

Zinc-coated steel

12 rod 12 8.6 12 0.0032 12 293 12 419 12

13 Stanless steel, 304 13 2.4 13 0.0013 13 749 13 1400 13

TCAP

rr Thermal

20C(mW. Capacity [J/

cm) (cm.C]

1.72 1 3.42

1.78 2 3.42

4.4 3 3.85

5.86 4 3.85

8.62 5 3.85

2.86 6 2.56

3.22 7 2.6

3.28 8 2.6

8.48 9 3.58

15.9 10 3.28

17.5 11 4.44

20.1 12 3.93

72 13 4.03

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