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Chapter 1

"The perception of Mind and Integrity College IT students using smartphone and how it

affects in their study"

Introduction of the Study

"Smartphone and social media expand our universe we can connect with others or collect

information easier and faster than ever. (Daniel Goleman). [1] In todays world, digital technology

changes so rapidly and integrates into our society at such an accelerated rate, it is hard to keep up

with it, let alone reflect on the effects it has on our lives. Although Facebook, YouTube, and

Twitter, did not exist a mere decade ago, they are now ubiquitous forms of media and

communication in our culture. Todays generation of teenagers, born in the 1990s, aptly labeled

the iGeneration, are the most connected generation ever. These iGen teens are digital natives

growing up in an era of a massive influx of technology. They do not know of a world that does

not include the Internet and easy access to technology. Parents of iGen youth, however, are

digital immigrants. Mobile phones are really essential for everyones life. But, it doesnt mean

that you cant live a life without a mobile phone. The benefits of smart phones are very evident.

If you will search something on internet and you're in hurry you can use it instead of computers

or laptop. It has portable camera where you can capture different occasions or happenings, you

dont need an extra camera or video recorder as long as you have a Smartphone. There are

applications that can help you for your studies like dictionary, WPS office and etc. You just need

to install it first. Also it has games that can enhance your thinking skills, problem solving ability,

and it can your stress reliever . Every morning it works as an alarm clock. Also, it works as a
reminder if you put some notes on the reminder. You dont need a calculator as long as you have

a mobile phone. You can take a snapshot or download lecture slides or you can even record all

the lectures. Any doubt you can Google it. You can use the mobile phones as your personal

diary. For any video explanation, you can use the YouTube. If students have a mobile phone, it is

easy to contact anyone when they need. For instance, if students have a problem in school or in

the street after school, they can contact their parents immediately. Likewise, students with a

phone can contact police at any harmful situation. So, the mobile phone is one of the best

solutions for any emergency situation. This is how students can use their mobile phones for

various purposes. We should also pay attention on the disadvantages of using the smartphone so

we can avoid problems in the future.

Statement of the problem

1. How frequently and how long do information technology students use smartphone?

2. What purpose do information technology students use their Smartphones?

3. What are the good effects of using smartphone to the information technology of Mind

and Integrity College?

Smartphones Effects on Academic Performance of Higher Learning Students.

Scope and limitation

The main focus of this study is how the information technology students will manage

their time between their study and their smartphone. [1] This study will act as a reference for the

future proponents that have a related study to our present study. This study will be looking for

the demographic profile of the respondents to identify their grades and the effect of smartphone

to the students. Although using smartphone is very beneficial the bad and negative effects of it

cannot be neglected. Using it can make the student antisocial. Because they are spending more

time using it rather than talking with others. This bad behavior can affect the ability of the

Students to communicate with others. Because using smartphones are very portable they can

easily have an access in any websites that are off limits for them like porn sites, deep web, and

any sites like. The parent will not notice it because it is major secret. The student can also be

victim or the bully in social media which is capturing the attention if the government right now.

Excessive using of this gadget can affect the health of the user badly.

However the limitation of the study was to focus only on the effects on the academic

performance of the information technology students that spend most of their time using their

smartphones. It didnt tackle other effects such as health and social effects. The researchers

chose this study to prevent too much use of smartphone to avoid problems in the futures.


Review of Related Literature

Do Smartphones Have a Place in the Classroom?

Based on the article of Barnwell (2016) it seems that some kids can handle the

multitasking that using phones in school would require; for others, the smartphone is almost

always a distraction. Even the visible presence of a phone pulls students and many adults away

from their focus.

The phone could be a great equalizer, in terms of giving children from all sorts of

socioeconomic backgrounds the same device, with the same advantages. But using phones for

learning requires students to synthesize information and stay focused on a lesson or a discussion.

For students with low literacy skills and the frequent urge to multitask on social media or

entertainment, incorporating purposeful smartphone use into classroom activity can be especially

challenging. The potential advantage of the tool often goes to waste. [1] Using our mobile phones

inside the classroom can affects to our study because we are not focusing in our lessons or

discussions because some students use their smartphone for any purposes.

The effect of Smartphones on work life balance

According to Lissa Donnelly that the smartphone are affecting the work-life

balance of users. The common thread is that because smartphones now provide the ability

for users to be connected to work email etc. 24/7 that it is removing the boundary

between work time and personal time, therefore distrupting the work-life balance.[1]

According to the article of Judy Wajcman, Michael Bittman, and Judith E. Brown The

key components of the survey investigated here are a questionnaire and a log of phone

calls retrieved from respondents' handsets. Rather than being primarily a tool of work

extension, or even a tool that facilitates greater work-family balance, we show that the

main purpose of mobile phone calls is to maintain continuing connections with family

and friends. Our findings suggest that individuals exert control over the extent to which

calls invade their personal time, actively encouraging deeper contacts with intimates. [2]

People are not focusing on their work because they using their smartphone. They

were not able to balance their time between their wok and using their smartphone.


Impact of Smartphones on Society

Smartphone are obvious include business, education, health and social life. Mobile

technology has drastically changed the cultural norms and behavior of individuals. The impacts

are both at the positive side and also at the negative side. At one end Smartphone are enabling

people to create their own micro-cultures and engage into activities considered dangerous of

society and on the other end Smartphone enabling people to remain connected all the time. The

subsequent sub-sections of this study provide detailed account on positive and negative impacts

of Smartphone on society. There has been a drastic growth in broadband and Internet service

providers business in past few years and one of the main reasons for this drastic increase in their

business is the ever increasing use of Smartphones and growth of Smartphone and mobile

The impact of smartphones and mobile devices on human health and life

According to Leonid Miakotko the smartphone is a source of the eminence of

electromagnetic waves. Numerous studies have been conducted in the past years to identify the

effect of electromagnetic waves emitted from the cell phones on human health. The topic has

been studied for a long time, but in past, it touched on a rather narrow circle of people, mostly

staff of broadcast and specialized radio stations. Even at that time, measures taken to protect

people from radiation apply only on those who work near powerful sources of radiation. And,

despite the revolutionary changes in the field of telecommunications, as well as many discoveries

and emissions, the impact of electromagnetic waves of different frequencies hotly debated ever

since. As soon as mobile phones more and more part of our lives, the world is continuing

research to proof whether cell phones are harmful to human health? Today there is no official

statement announced by laboratory or medical center to answer this question. The complexity of

the analysis of the statistical data makes the task more difficult for researchers. The impact of

harmful radiation emitted from cell phones waves is still being studied. [1] Using of this gadget

can affect the health of the user badly. Poor eyesight is cause by spending so much time staring at

your phones. You can have muscle crumps. It radiation coming from it can affect your brain and

reproductive organs. It can disable your organ to produce healthy sperm cell or egg cell. So! We

should be preventive and smart of using it. So we can avoid these problems.

. [1] (
Development and Validation of the Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI)

Based on the article of Yu-Hsuan Lin,Li-Ren Chang,Yang-Han Lee,Hsien-Wei

Tseng,Terry B. J. Kuo,Sue-Huei Chen the overuse of smartphones has emerged as a significant

social issue with growing popularity of the smartphone. Smartphone addiction could be

considered as one form of technological addictions.Operationally defines technological

addictions as a behavioral addiction that involves human-machine interaction and is non-

chemical in nature. A similar behavior pattern, Internet addiction, has been categorized as a type

of substance related and addictive disorder It is conceivable the non-substance addictions are

conceptualized from the diagnostic criteria for established substance addictions to provide both a

bio-psycho-social context and a direction for a comprehensive model of addiction .[1]

. [1] (