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CABRI G2

Flight Manual

Helicopter serial N :

Helicopter registration :

EASA Type certificate N R.145


Section 2, 3, 4, 5 and 9 are approved by EASA
Other sections are approved under Hlicoptres Guimbal DOA EASA.21J.211

This flight manual includes the material required to be furnished to the pilot
by EASA CS 27 and Part 21

This manual should not be used for any operation or instruction,


unless it is in current status.
The helicopters operator is responsible for maintaining this manual in a current
status in accordance with the list of current pages.

AIX-EN-PROVENCE, FRANCE
www.guimbal.com
INTENTIONALLY BLANK
Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2 TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content

SECTION 0 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................... 1


SECTION 1 GENERAL ....................................................................................... 1-I
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 1-1
THREE-VIEW OF THE CABRI G2.......................................................................... 1-2
DESCRIPTIVE DATA ............................................................................................. 1-3
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................ 1-5
CONVERSION FACTORS ....................................................................................... 1-6
SECTION 2 LIMITATIONS .................................................................................. 2-I
GENERAL LIMITATIONS ........................................................................................ 2-1
COLOR CODE FOR INSTRUMENT MARKINGS .......................................................... 2-1
FLIGHT ENVELOPE LIMITATIONS ........................................................................... 2-2
POWERPLANT LIMITATIONS .................................................................................. 2-4
DRIVE SYSTEM LIMITATIONS ................................................................................ 2-7
WEIGHT AND BALANCE LIMITATIONS (IMPERIAL UNITS) .......................................... 2-8
WEIGHT AND BALANCE LIMITATIONS (METRIC UNITS) ............................................. 2-9
SENSORS FAILURES .......................................................................................... 2-10
PLACARDS ....................................................................................................... 2-11
SECTION 3 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES ....................................................... 3-I
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 3-1
POWER FAILURES ............................................................................................... 3-2
DITCHING ........................................................................................................... 3-4
IN-FLIGHT ENGINE RESTART................................................................................. 3-5
ENGINE FIRE....................................................................................................... 3-6
ELECTRICAL FIRE ................................................................................................ 3-7
TAIL ROTOR FAILURE ........................................................................................... 3-8
YAW CONTROL FAILURE ...................................................................................... 3-8
ENGINE GOVERNOR FAILURE ............................................................................... 3-9
EPM FAILURES ................................................................................................... 3-9
AURAL WARNINGS ............................................................................................. 3-12
EPM PARAMETERS OUT OF LIMITATIONS ............................................................ 3-12
EPM ALARMS................................................................................................... 3-14
CAUTION / WARNING LIGHTS ............................................................................. 3-15
SECTION 4 NORMAL PROCEDURES ............................................................... 4-I
GENERAL ........................................................................................................... 4-1
AIRSPEEDS FOR SAFE OPERATION ....................................................................... 4-1
DOORS .............................................................................................................. 4-1
DOORS-LOCK AND ANTI-THEFT ............................................................................ 4-2
BEFORE FLIGHT .................................................................................................. 4-2
DAILY OR PRE-FLIGHT CHECKS ............................................................................ 4-2
INTER-FLIGHT CHECK .......................................................................................... 4-7
BEFORE STARTING ENGINE .................................................................................. 4-9
STARTING THE ENGINE ...................................................................................... 4-11
BEFORE TAKE-OFF ............................................................................................ 4-12
TAKE-OFF PROCEDURE ..................................................................................... 4-13
Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 C
Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2 TABLE OF CONTENT
CLIMB ..............................................................................................................4-14
CRUISE AND/OR LEVEL FLIGHT...........................................................................4-14
FLIGHT TIME MANAGEMENT................................................................................4-14
AUTOMATIC CARBURETOR HEAT ........................................................................4-15
APPROACH AND LANDING ..................................................................................4-15
ENGINE / ROTOR SHUTDOWN ............................................................................4-16
DISENGAGEMENT WITH ENGINE OFF..................................................................4-16
TRAINING .........................................................................................................4-17
SECTION 5 PERFORMANCE .............................................................................5-I
AIRSPEED CALIBRATION ......................................................................................5-1
ROTOR STARTING AND STOPPING LIMIT ................................................................5-2
HEIGHT-VELOCITY DIAGRAM ................................................................................5-3
HOVER OUT OF GROUND EFFECT ........................................................................5-4
HOVER IN GROUND EFFECT ................................................................................5-5
RATE OF CLIMB AT VY = 50 KT IAS ......................................................................5-6
TAKE OFF DISTANCE ..........................................................................................5-10
GLIDE DISTANCE IN AUTOROTATION ...................................................................5-10
SOUND EXPOSURE LEVEL ..................................................................................5-10
SECTION 6 WEIGHT AND BALANCE ................................................................6-I
GENERAL ...........................................................................................................6-1
CENTER OF GRAVITY, STANDARD DEFINITIONS .....................................................6-3
HELICOPTER WEIGHING PROCEDURE ...................................................................6-4
WEIGHT AND CG POSITION DETERMINATION.........................................................6-7
SECTION 7 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTION ..............................................................7-I
AIRFRAME ..........................................................................................................7-1
DYNAMIC SYSTEMS .............................................................................................7-2
ENGINE INSTALLATION .........................................................................................7-5
ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT ...........................................................................................7-7
ELECTRONIC PILOT MONITOR - EPM .................................................................7-11
BARC ..............................................................................................................7-16
OTHER EQUIPMENTS .........................................................................................7-17
CABIN AND AMENITIES .......................................................................................7-19
SECTION 8 HANDLING AND SERVICING .........................................................8-I
GENERAL ...........................................................................................................8-1
FUEL ..................................................................................................................8-1
ENGINE OIL .........................................................................................................8-1
GEARBOXES OIL .................................................................................................8-1
GROUND HANDLING ............................................................................................8-1
PARKING AND TIE-DOWN .....................................................................................8-2
JUMP-STARTING THE ENGINE ...............................................................................8-2
SECTION 9 SUPPLEMENTS ..............................................................................9-I
GPS ..................................................................................................................9-1
NIGHT VFR ........................................................................................................9-2
AIR CONDITIONING ..............................................................................................9-9
POP-OUT FLOATS ................................................................................................9-9

D Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2 INTRODUCTION

Section 0 Introduction

This document is the Pilot operating handbook and EASA approved rotorcraft
flight manual of the CABRI G2 Rotorcraft.

The following table gives EASA approved pages :

Page Revision Page Revision


number number number number
Section 2 2-1
Limitations 2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5 01
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10 02
2-11
2-12 02
2-13
2-14
Section 3 3-1
Emergency 3-2
procedures 3-3
3-4
3-5 01
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10 01
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
3-15 01
3-16

Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 0-1
Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2 INTRODUCTION

Page Revision Page Revision


number number number number
Section 4 4-1
Normal procedures 4-2 02
4-3 02
4-4
4-5 02
4-6
4-7 02
4-8
4-9 02
4-10
4-11 02
4-12 02
4-13
4-14
4-15 01
4-16 02
4-17
4-18
4-19
4-20
Section 5 5-1
Performance 5-2
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-8
5-9
5-10
Section 9 9-1 02
Supplements 9-2 02
9-3 02
9-4 02

0-2 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2 INTRODUCTION

The following table gives the pages approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 :

Page Revision Page Revision


number number number number
Cover A
Table of content B
C
D
Section 0 0-1 02
Introduction 0-2 02
0-3 02
0-4 02
0-5 02
0-6
Section 1 1-1
General 1-2
1-3 02
1-4
1-5
1-6
Section 6 6-1
Weight and balance 6-2
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-6
6-7
6-8
Section 7 7-1
Systems description 7-2
7-3
7-4
7-5 02
7-6
7-7 02
7-8 02
7-9 02
7-10 02
7-11
7-12
7-13 02
7-14

Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 0-3
Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2 INTRODUCTION

Page Revision Page Revision


number number number number
7-15 01
7-16
7-17
7-18 02
7-19
7-20
Section 8 8-1
Handling and 8-2
servicing
Section 9 9-5 02
Supplements 9-6 02
9-7 02
9-8 02
9-9 02
9-10 02

0-4 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2 INTRODUCTION

The reference of this flight manual is J40-001. The revisions are given in
the following table :
Revision Page Revision object Approval Approval reference (*)
number date
- - Original issue 14/12/2007 TC EASA.R.145
approved by EASA letter
D(2007) CPRO/ALE/55199
01 3-10 Carb heat manual 17/09/2008 EASA.R.A.01530
4-12 test transferred to
section 4
4-9 Normal
4-11 procedure
correction
4-15 Steep descent
procedure
suppressed
3-5 Addition of a
3-15 Starter engaged
4-9 caution light
4-11
7-8 16/09/2008 Approved under the
7-9 Breaker panel authority of DOA
update EASA.21J.211
7-15 Low fuel
indication
2-5 17/09/2008 EASA.R.A.01530
warning
02 9-1 GPS Approved under the
authority of DOA
EASA.21J.211
9-2 to Night VFR EASA.R.C03230
9-4
9-5 Night VFR Approved under the
to authority of DOA
9-10 EASA.21J.211
2-10 Gage charge EASA.R.C03230
3-15 Clutch light EASA.R.C03230
4-2 Procedure update EASA.R.C03230
4-9
4-11
4-12
4-16
1-3 Drive line DOA EASA.21J.211
gearbox
(*) EASA reference number or approved under the authority of DOA EASA.21J.211

Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 0-5
Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2 INTRODUCTION

Revision Page Revision object Approval Approval reference (*)


number date
02 4-3 Tight EASA.R.C03230
4-7 Lockwiring
4-5 Manifold
distributor
4-9 Note suppression
7-5 Modified Approved under the
clutching system authority of DOA
description EASA.21J.211
7-8 Typos : - battery
7-10 breaker order
- Auxiliaries is
push-pull
7-7 to Note for optional
7-9 &
2-12
7-10 Battery breaker
drawing
correction.
Add on ELT use.
7-13 Note for
brightness
equalization
7-18 Code procedure
update
Note update

(*) EASA reference number or approved under the authority of DOA EASA.21J.211

0-6 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 1
CABRI G2 GENERAL

Section 1 General
INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................. 1-1
THREE-VIEW OF THE CABRI G2..................................................................... 1-2
DESCRIPTIVE DATA ........................................................................................ 1-3
Main rotor............................................................................................... 1-3
Tail rotor................................................................................................. 1-3
Drive system .......................................................................................... 1-3
Powerplant ............................................................................................. 1-4
Fuel........................................................................................................ 1-4
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS ....................................................................... 1-5
CONVERSION FACTORS .................................................................................. 1-6
Metric to Imperial units........................................................................... 1-6
Imperial to metric units........................................................................... 1-6

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 1-i


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 1
CABRI G2 GENERAL

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

1-ii Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 1
CABRI G2 GENERAL

Introduction

This Flight Manual is designed as an operating guide for the pilot. It


includes material required to be furnished to the pilot by EASA CS 27 and
Part 21. It also contains supplementary data supplied by the helicopter
manufacturer.

This manual is intended to give the pilot the best possible information
and to help him find the best answer to most operational situation. However,
it cannot replace pilots appreciation of each particular situation. Pilot must
maintain adequate ground and flight instruction, and good proficiency in the
type of helicopter.

To achieve the required level of safety, the helicopter pilot-in-command


must be familiar with this manuals content, with other safety-related
available information, and with all the regulation covering aircraft operation
that are relevant in the country of operation. He is responsible for
determining that the helicopter is safe for flight, and for operating it in
respect to this manual and above information.

The helicopters owner is responsible for maintaining the aircraft in


approved airworthy condition and for maintaining this manual in a current
status in accordance with the list of current pages.

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 1-1


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 1
CABRI G2 GENERAL

Three-view of the CABRI G2

1-2 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 1
CABRI G2 GENERAL

Descriptive data

Main rotor

Type ............................................................. Articulated, soft-in-plane


Number of blades ................................................................................. 3
Diameter...................................................................................... 7,20 m
(23.6 feet)
Nominal rotor speed ................................................................ 530 RPM
Blade chord ............................................................................... 180 mm
(7.1 in)

Tail rotor

Type .......................................................................................Shrouded
Number of blades ................................................................................. 7
Diameter.................................................................................... 600 mm
(23.6 in)
Nominal rotor speed .............................................................. 5148 RPM
Blade chord ................................................................................. 42 mm
(1.6 in)

Drive system

Primary transmission ........................................................................Belt


0.855/1 reducing ratio

Main rotor gearbox .....................................................Spiral bevel gear


11/47 reducing ratio

Tail rotor gearbox .......................................................Spiral bevel gear


25/11 increasing ratio

Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 1-3
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 1
CABRI G2 GENERAL

Powerplant

Model ..................................................... Textron Lycoming O360-J2A


with STC EASA.E.S.01001

Type .......................... Four cylinders, horizontally opposed, direct drive,


air cooled, normally-aspirated, carburetor-equipped,
one magneto and one electronic ignition system
Displacement ..................................................................................5,9 L
(361 cu.in)
Power rating (continuous) .............108 kW @ 2585 through 2700 RPM
(145 shp)
Nominal speed .......................................................................2650 RPM

Cooling system ............................... Direct drive squirrel-cage blower

Ignition systems
Magneto ......................................................................................Bendix
Electronic ignition system.......................................... LSE Plasma II HG
Solid-state capacitor discharge ignition system
Variable timing advance

Fuel

Maximum fuel capacity ..................................................................170 L


(45 U.S. gal)

Unusable fuel ..................................................................................1.5 L


(0.4 U.S. gal)

Approved fuel grade.................................................................... 100 LL

1-4 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 1
CABRI G2 GENERAL

Symbols and abbreviations


Symbol or abbreviation Designation
Speeds
CAS ......................................................................... Calibrated airspeed
IAS............................................................................. Indicated airspeed
TAS .................................................................................. True airspeed
VNE......................................................................... Never-exceed speed
Vy .....................................................................Best rate-of-climb speed
Meteorology
ISA....................................................International standard atmosphere
OAT ...................................................................Outside air temperature
P ............................................................................. Outside air pressure
............................................................................... Relative air density
Altitude / Height
AGL ..........................................................................Above ground level
Z ................................................................................ Geometric altitude
Zp ................................................................................ Pressure altitude
Z ...................................................................................Density altitude
h .................................................................................. Geometric height
Power / Engine parameters
FLO ..................................................... First MLI limit is Full throttle limit
MCP ...........................................................Maximum continuous power
MLI ....................................................................... Multiple limit indicator
NR .......................................................................................Rotor speed
NM.................................................................................... Engine speed
PWR ............................................................ First MLI limit is Power limit
Hover / Take-off / Landing
IGE ................................................................................ In ground effect
OGE ........................................................................Out of ground effect
HIGE.................................................................... Hover in ground effect
HOGE............................................................ Hover out of ground effect
Weight and balance
CG ................................................................................ Centre of gravity
MTOW .............................................................Maximum take-off weight
Equipment
EPM....................................................................Electronic Pilot Monitor
BARC ................................................ Botier Alarme Rotor et Carburant
(Fuel and rotor alarm device)
RRM / GOV ................................................................. Engine governor

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 1-5


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 1
CABRI G2 GENERAL

Miscellaneous
BB .................................................................................. Battery breaker
H/V..................................................................................Height-Velocity
MGB.................................................................................. Main gearbox
RPM................................................................... Revolutions per minute
TGB .................................................................................... Tail gearbox
VFR..............................................................................Visual flight rules

Conversion factors

Note : The Cabri G2 EPM display can be set to either Metric or Imperial
units. Refer to page 7-13.

Metric to Imperial units


Multiply .......................................By......................................To obtain
millimeters (mm) .......................... 0,0394 .............................. inches (in)
meters (m).................................... 3,2808 ................................... feet (ft)
kilometers (km) ............................ 0,5400 .................nautical miles (nm)
kilograms (kg) .............................. 2,2046 .............................pounds (lb)
liters (L)........................................ 0,2642 .......... gallons, U.S. (U.S. gal)
liters (L)........................................ 1,0567 .............................. quarts (qt)
millibar (mbar) .............................. 0,0295 ....... inches of mercury (in.hg)
bars (bar) ................................... 14,5038 . pounds per square inch (psi)

Imperial to metric units


Multiply .......................................By......................................To obtain
inches (in) ...................................... 25,40 .................... millimeters (mm)
feet (ft) ......................................... 0,3048 ............................. meters (m)
nautical miles (nm)....................... 1,8520 ...................... kilometers (km)
pounds (lb) ................................... 0,4536 ........................ kilograms (kg)
gallons, U.S. (U.S. gal) ................ 3,7854 ..................................liters (L)
quarts (qt)..................................... 0,9464 ..................................liters (L)
inches of mercury (in.hg)................ 33,86 ........................ millibar (mbar)
pounds per square inch (psi)........ 0,0689 ................................. bar (bar)

1013,25 mbar = 29.92 in.hg

Temperature
Fahrenheit degrees / Celsius degrees
9 5
F = .C + 32 C = .(F 32)
5 9

1-6 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Section 2 Limitations
GENERAL LIMITATIONS ................................................................................... 2-1
COLOR CODE FOR INSTRUMENT MARKINGS ....................................................... 2-1
FLIGHT ENVELOPE LIMITATIONS ....................................................................... 2-2
Altitude limitation.................................................................................... 2-2
Outside air temperature limitation .......................................................... 2-2
Airspeed limits........................................................................................ 2-2
Rotor speed limits .................................................................................. 2-3
POWERPLANT LIMITATIONS ............................................................................. 2-4
DRIVE SYSTEM LIMITATIONS ............................................................................ 2-7
WEIGHT AND BALANCE LIMITATIONS (IMPERIAL UNITS) ....................................... 2-8
WEIGHT AND BALANCE LIMITATIONS (METRIC UNITS).......................................... 2-9
SENSORS FAILURES ..................................................................................... 2-10
PLACARDS .................................................................................................. 2-11

Original issue EASA Approved 2-i


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

2-ii EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

The information in section 2, Limitations, is approved by EASA.

General limitations

Only day VFR is approved.

Aerobatic flight is prohibited.


Voluntary in-flight engine shut down is prohibited.

Flight in known icing conditions is prohibited.


Flight under snow is prohibited.

Minimum crew is one pilot on the right seat.

Left seat harness must be buckled when seat is empty. Left controls
removal is recommended.

Operation is approved with the left seat removed, only if the left controls are
removed.

Operation is approved with either or both doors removed, or unlocked and


partially open for ventilation.
In these cases, no loose object is allowed in the cabin.
Speed limitations are the same than ones with doors installed and closed.

Color code for instrument markings


Red Indicates operating limits. The pointer should not
enter red zones or exceed red limits during
normal operation.
Red cross
Indicates power-off VNE
-hatch
Yellow or Precautionary or special operating procedure
amber range
Green Normal operating range
White or
Other indications
Blue

On the EPM, related numerical values are marked with the same color
code.

Original issue EASA Approved 2-1


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Flight envelope limitations

Altitude limitation

Maximum operating altitude (Zp) ............................................. 13 000 ft

Outside air temperature limitation

Maximum temperature ..........................................................ISA + 30C


limited to + 45C
Minimum operating temperature ................................................... - 5C
Minimum storage temperature .................................................... - 30C

Airspeed limits

VNE power-on .........................................................................130 kt IAS


-2 kt IAS per 1000 feet Zp
VNE power-off .........................................................................110 kt IAS
-2 kt IAS per 1000 feet Zp
Caution range ....................................................................0 45 kt IAS

2-2 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Rotor speed limits

Power-on
Maximum................................................................................. 540 RPM
Green arc ..................................................................... 515 to 540 RPM
Minimum.................................................................................. 515 RPM

Power-off
Maximum................................................................................. 610 RPM
Caution range................................................................... 540-610 RPM
Normal range.................................................................... 515-540 RPM
Caution range................................................................... 450-515 RPM
Minimum.................................................................................. 450 RPM

Rotor brake operation


Maximum................................................................................. 150 RPM

High NR horn ...................................................................... > 594 RPM


Low NR horn ....................................................................... < 466 RPM

Original issue EASA Approved 2-3


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Powerplant limitations

Operating limitations

Engine speed
Maximum engine speed.........................................................2700 RPM
Normal range ................................................................2585-2700 RPM
Minimum engine speed, power-on .........................................2585 RPM

Temperature
Maximum cylinder head temperature (CHT) .................................260C
(500F)
Maximum recommended CHT for shut down................................180C
(356F)
Maximum oil temperature..............................................................118C
(245F)
Minimum recommended oil temperature before take-off.................60C
..................(140F)
Oil pressure
Maximum .................................................................................... 7.9 bar
(115 psi)
Helicopter minimum for take-off (CLUTCH light OFF)................. 3.6 bar
(52 psi)
Minimum during idle.................................................................... 1.6 bar
(25 psi)
Fuel pressure
Maximum .................................................................................. 0.55 bar
(8 psi)
Minimum .................................................................................. 0.02 bar
(0.3 psi)

2-4 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Fuel

Approved grade.............................................................. AVGAS 100LL

Maximum tank capacity ................................................................. 170 L


(45 U.S. gal)
Unusable fuel quantity.................................................................... 1.5 L
(0.4 U.S. gal)

Warning : Do not rely on fuel quantity indication when Caution light is


ON or EPM warning is active.

Engine Oil

After break-in, use multigrade oil........................................MIL-L-22851


Ashless dispersant
SAE 15W50 or 20W50

During break-in (50 hours), use straight mineral oil........... MIL-L-6082B


OAT Grade
Above 27C (80F) SAE 60
Above 16C (60F) SAE 50
-1C to 32C (30F to 90F) SAE 40
-18C to 21C (0F to 70F) SAE 30
Below -12C (10F) SAE 20

Oil quantity
Oil sump capacity ........................................................................... 5.7 L
(6 U.S. Quarts)
Minimum oil quantity for take-off..................................................... 3.8 L
(4 U.S. Quarts)

Gearboxes oil

Use Hlicoptres Guimbal oil referenced HG30-0039 (85W140).

Original
Issue 01 issue EASA Approved 2-5
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

2-6 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Indicated power on MLI


Maximum...................................................................................... 100 %
Maximum rated....................................................................100 % PWR
Full throttle............................................................................ 100 % FLO

Full Full Maximum


throttle throttle rated
power power power
Maximum
rated
power

Available
power
indication

First limit mode First limit mode


PWR FLO

Drive system limitations

Main Gearbox power limitation...................................... 100 % PWR on MLI


Main Gearbox temperature ...................................................... Caution light

Original issue EASA Approved 2-7


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Weight and balance limitations (Imperial units)

Maximum Gross Weight ...................................................................1543 lb

Longitudinal Weight and Balance diagram

3 lb 2

1500

1400

1300

1200
4

1100
1
1000
75 77 79 81 83 85 in
78.7
Fore Aft

Point 1 .................................................1038 lb 83.4 in


Point 2 .................................................1543 lb 79.7 in
Point 3 .................................................1543 lb 75.4 in
Point 4 .................................................1213 lb 75.4 in

Lateral Balance diagram


3,1
Ycg, in

0,0
-3,1
75 77 79 81 83 85
Xcg, in

Note : Rotor axis is.................................. X = 78.7 in Y = 0 in

2-8 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Weight and balance limitations (metric units)

Maximum Gross Weight.................................................................... 700 kg

Longitudinal Weight and Balance diagram

3
kg 2
700

650

600

550
4

500
1
450
1900 1950 2000 2050 2100 2150 mm

Fore Aft

Point 1.................................................. 471 kg 2120 mm


Point 2.................................................. 700 kg 2025 mm
Point 3.................................................. 700 kg 1915 mm
Point 4.................................................. 550 kg 1915 mm

Lateral Balance diagram


80
Ycg, mm

0
-80
1900 1950 2000 2050 2100 2150
Xcg, mm

Note : Rotor axis is ..............................X = 2000 mm Y = 0 mm

Original issue EASA Approved 2-9


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Sensors failures

When the MASTER is switched on, the EPM carries out a self-test and
displays a test page (refer to page 7-13 ).

Only one flight should be performed after one of following parameters


are displayed Failed, with following restrictions :

Failed parameter Flight restriction

Use Section 5 to compute available performance


OAT
Apply a margin on temperature
Limit MLI to 95% PWR and 100% FLO (the
Pressure
smallest)
Ignore carb. heat test. Control carb. heat manually
T. induction
Use carb. heat below 80% MLI

CHT Avoid long hover.

Ignore carb. heat test. Control carb. heat manually


Carb. T
Use carb. heat below 80% MLI

ManP Use Section 5 to compute available performance

Throttle Use Section 5 to compute available performance

Oil T Avoid prolonged hover. Monitor CHT

Oil P Monitor CLUTCH and OIL P. lights

Fuel Q Perform an accurate fuel planning

MGB/TGB Chips Hand-check corresponding plug at take-off

Battery charge Minimize electrical loads

CO Keep cabin heat closed

Ignore carb. heat test. Control carb. heat manually


Carb. heat control
Use carb. heat below 80% MLI

2-10 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

Placards

 On cabin ceiling :

VNE POWER ON
Zp (ft) Vi (kt)
IAS
0 130
2000 126
4000 122
6000 118
8000 114
10 000 110
12 000 106
13 000 104
VNE POWER OFF
subtract 20 kt
SUBTRACT

 On cabin ceiling :

COMPASS
DATE :
HEADING
FOR STEER
0
45
90
135
180
225
270
315

Original issue EASA Approved 2-11


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

 Above the fuel tank filler cap :

AVGAS 100LL
Max. 170 Litres
45 US Gal

 Under cabin heater control :

CLOSE IN CASE
OF ENGINE FIRE

 In clear view of all occupants :

Note : if the aircraft is approved for night VFR, refer to Section 9


Supplements.

 On the right and left side of central console :

No hard object
under seat

2-12 EASA Approved Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

 Forward baggage compartment :

MAX. LOAD
comply with C.G. limit
5 kg
11 lb

AUX. 13.7
12V D.C.
V D.C.
5A protected

 Main baggage compartment :

1 kg
2 lb

MAX. LOAD
comply with C.G. limit

40 kg
88 lb

 GPS (depending on installed type)

Limited to VFR in sight of the ground

Original issue EASA Approved 2-13


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 2
CABRI G2 LIMITATIONS

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

2-14 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Section 3 Emergency procedures


INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................. 3-1
POWER FAILURES .......................................................................................... 3-2
General .................................................................................................. 3-2
Power failure - hover below 8 feet AGL ................................................ 3-3
Power failure during take-off .................................................................. 3-3
Other in-flight power failures .................................................................. 3-3
DITCHING ..................................................................................................... 3-4
IN-FLIGHT ENGINE RESTART ............................................................................ 3-5
ENGINE FIRE ................................................................................................. 3-6
ELECTRICAL FIRE .......................................................................................... 3-7
TAIL ROTOR FAILURE ..................................................................................... 3-8
YAW CONTROL FAILURE ................................................................................. 3-8
ENGINE GOVERNOR FAILURE .......................................................................... 3-9
EPM FAILURES ............................................................................................. 3-9
AURAL WARNINGS ....................................................................................... 3-12
EPM PARAMETERS OUT OF LIMITATIONS ........................................................ 3-12
EPM ALARMS ............................................................................................ 3-14
CAUTION / W ARNING LIGHTS ........................................................................ 3-15

Original issue EASA Approved 3-i


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

3-ii EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

The information in section 3, emergency procedures, is approved by EASA.

Introduction

The following emergency procedures describe the actions the pilot must
take, relative to the various possible failures that can occur.
However, depending on the many variable external environments, such as
the type of terrain flown over, the pilot may have to adapt to the situation
according to his experience.

To help the pilot in his decision process, three recommendations are used :

LAND IMMEDIATELY

LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE


Emergency conditions are urgent and require landing at the nearest landing
site at which a safe landing can be made.

CONTINUE FLIGHT
Continue flight as planned. Repair at the destination according to
maintenance manual.

Note: Immediate action that the pilot shall take, or main parameters
are written in bold characters.

Original issue EASA Approved 3-1


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Power failures
General

Engine failure can be detected by :


Yaw acceleration, nose to the right,
Engine noise level decreases,
Tachometer needles desynchronization on the EPM (engine
decreases)
OIL P warning on the EPM and OIL P red light coming ON.
Plasma beeper,
Rotor speed decreasing and low NR horn.

Caution : A slow decay in engine power, caused by carburetor icing


or air filter clogging, is compensated by the governor and can
be overlooked by the pilot.
The MLI indication will not change while in PWR mode, but
will rapidly shift to FLO mode, then increase to 100%.

Primary transmission failure can be detected by :


High yaw rate, nose to the right,
Engine noise level increases,
Tachometer needles desynchronization on the EPM (engine
increases). Eventual engine overspeed only if the governor is OFF
Rotor speed decreasing and low NR horn.

In case of a primary transmission failure, apply following power failure


actions. Roll off the twist grip as soon as possible.

Warning :

Safe landing may not be possible if the power failure occurs within
the unsafe zone of the H/V diagram (refer to section 5).
Operation inside this zone should be avoided.

3-2 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Power failure - hover below 8 feet AGL


The helicopter will normally exhibit little or no tendency to depart in pitch
or roll, hence requiring little correction :
1. Use left pedal input to counter yawing to the right,
2. Cushion landing by raising collective, until high pitch stop if
necessary,
3. Once landed, lower the collective.

Power failure during take-off


Take-off acceleration is the most critical situation for a power failure to
occur, requiring moderate and rapid pilot reaction :
1. Use left pedal input to counter yawing to the right,
2. Use aft cyclic to level the helicopter,
3. Before having reached 30 kt IAS, do not lower the collective,
4. If IAS is above 30 kt IAS, slightly pitch up while slightly
lowering the collective, if needed, to prevent climbing,
5. When approaching the ground, raise the collective to cushion
contact,
6. Use pedals to minimize ground drift,
7. Once stopped, lower the collective.

Other in-flight power failures


All cases :
1. Lower the collective immediately and maintain full down,
2. Use pedals to control yaw,
3. Maintain IAS between 30 and 50 kt IAS (50 kt IAS
recommended),
4. Select landing area and manoeuvre to land into the wind,
5. Adjust collective to centre NR in green arc,
6. When the landing is ensured, consider engine restarting if
enough time is available. Refer to page 3-5.
7. At about 60 feet AGL, apply aft cyclic to raise the helicopter
nose smoothly and continuously. Below 50 kt IAS, this
manoeuvre will not stop sink rate.
8. As ground closes-on, apply forward cyclic to level the helicopter
while raising the collective to stop sink rate.
9. Use pedals to minimize ground drift,
10. Once stopped, lower the collective.
Note : Average manoeuvre requires about 200 to 300 m (650 to 1000
feet) free of high obstacle.

Original issue EASA Approved 3-3


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Note : During an emergency autorotation, always monitor airspeed


carefully.
Increasing airspeed above 50 kt IAS makes the landing easier, but
requires a longer landing area.

Confined landing area :


When landing spot is confined, maintain IAS to 30 kt IAS in
descent. Landing spot can be estimated by looking between the pilot
pedals.

Caution : Anticipate that sink rate will not stop until final
collective raise.

Failure above 2000 feet AGL :


It may be practicable to increase gliding distance to reach a better
landing area.
Best glide ratio is obtained at airspeed approximately
80 kt IAS (no wind). Increase airspeed with high headwind,
Recommended NR is mid-yellow arc (480 RPM),
At about 300 feet AGL, reduce IAS between 30 and 50 kt
IAS (50 kt IAS recommended), check NR in green arc and
refer to the above procedure.

Airspeed and rotor speed adjustments will reduce the gliding


distance. Expect a PRACTICAL glide ratio between 2:1 and 3:1 or
0.7 to 1 nautical mile at 2000 feet AGL.

Ditching

1. Apply same procedures as for landing.


2. Head equally between the wind and wave direction.
3. Reduce forward and vertical speed to minimum possible before
contact with water.
4. Keep collective up after contact, to help rotor deceleration.

3-4 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

In-flight engine restart

Attempt engine restart only when the autorotation is stabilized on the


trajectory to an appropriate landing area, and sufficient time is available.
If successful, power recovery can take only a few seconds.

1. Stabilize autorotation,
2. Check boost pump ON, fuel valve OPEN,
3. Check mixture full forward (RICH),
4. Check both ignition switches ON, upward,
5. Apply about 50 % throttle (90 twist grip),
6. Press starter button.

Note 1 : Governor may be kept engaged or not.

Note 2 : Do not worry for engine very fast acceleration. There is no risk
of overtorque at re-synchronization. Be prepared to yawing to
the left if power recovers.

Note 3 : In absence of perceivable sound, the STARTER light gives a


visual clue that the starter is actually energized.

Original
Issue 01 issue EASA Approved 3-5
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Engine fire

Engine fire can be detected when the EPM fire warning lights up: FIRE
On the ground :
1. Shut cabin heater OFF,
2. Shut fuel valve OFF,
When engine quits :
3. Switch all switches OFF,
4. Pull rotor brake,
5. Wait for complete rotor stop before evacuating the cabin.

In flight :

Once fire is confirmed :


LAND IMMEDIATELY
1. Shut cabin heater OFF,
2. Lower the collective to enter autorotation as per procedure
page 3-3,
3. Shut fuel valve OFF,
4. Shut fuel pump OFF,
5. Above 8000 feet AGL, increase airspeed to 90 kt IAS to
accelerate the descent,
6. Perform an autorotation landing according to pages 3-3 and 3-4
7. Pull rotor brake,
8. Wait for complete rotor stop before evacuating the cabin.

3-6 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Electrical fire

Can be detected by a strong smell of burning and/or by smoke.

1. Switch alternator OFF,


2. Switch MASTER OFF,
Note : EPM and NR lights are no longer powered.
3. Move NR switch to Backup position,
4. Use NR lights (Backup position) to monitor rotor speed.
Note : Remaining electrical equipments are those on direct battery : BARC
backup and ignition system. Refer to page 7-7 for electrical system
description.

If fire source is determined, switch the other systems ON

If electric fire continues, LAND IMMEDIATELY.

If not, LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE.

Notes :
With MASTER and alternator both OFF, engine still operates with
both ignitions,
With MASTER OFF and NR switch on Backup, following lights are
still operative :
 High, Normal and Low NR,
 LOW FUEL caution.

Original issue EASA Approved 3-7


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Tail rotor failure

It could consist either in a tail rotor transmission failure, or in a tail rotor loss.
This failure can be detected by sudden yaw acceleration - nose to the left -
and/or totally ineffective pedals.

Caution : Nose to the right : probable engine failure


Nose to the left : probable tail rotor failure

Hovering IGE :
1. LAND IMMEDIATELY,
2. Reduce throttle in order to reduce left yaw rate,
3. Cushion contact with the ground by applying collective pitch up
to high stop if necessary.

Other flight cases :


1. Switch governor OFF,
2. Adjust power to maintain 70 to 80 kt IAS,
3. Reach an appropriate surface for an autorotation running
landing,
4. Carry out a full autorotation landing. Reduce airspeed as late
as you can. Land with as much airspeed as the surface
permits. Use small power inputs to correct yaw.

Yaw control failure


Hovering IGE :
1. LAND IMMEDIATELY,
2. Lower the collective slowly enough to land smoothly, while
rolling-off throttle to reduce yawing nose to the right.

Other flight cases :


1. LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE,
2. Adjust IAS to 70 - 80 kt IAS,
3. Adjust power to minimize sideslip and keep nose to the right,
4. Reach an appropriate surface for a running landing.
Carry out a cautious landing. Reduce airspeed as late as you
can. Land with as much airspeed as the surface permits. Use
small power inputs to correct yaw.
Note : Prefer wind from the right.

3-8 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Engine governor failure


Engine governor failure can be detected by the following :
Rotor/Engine speed is not regulated in green arc and throttle
extreme position is not reached,
Rotor/Engine speed changes in level flight,
If there is a doubt, roll the twist grip slightly and check grips
reaction.
When it is detected :
1. Hold the twist grip firmly, and overtake the governor action,
2. Switch governor OFF,
3. Regulate Rotor/Engine speed in the middle of green arc with
twist grip,
4. LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE.
Caution : Always overtake the governor and stabilize NR in green arc
before any other action is taken.

EPM failures
Complete loss of EPM display:
1. LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
2. Switch NR switch to Back-up position, check green light,
3. Rotor/Engine speed is controlled by the governor and can be
checked using high and low NR warning lights.
4. Monitor carburetor heat manually :
 Select cold position at high power,
 Select hot position at low power
5. In this case, if LOW FUEL lights : LAND IMMEDIATELY

Erratic engine / rotor speed de-synchronization :


Reduce power gradually.
If de-synchronization indication continues :
1. Refer to NR lights indicator for reliable rotor speed,
2. Switch the engine governor OFF,
3. Monitor the rotor speed in the lower green arc,
4. LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
If de-synchronization stops :
1. Consider the EPM is operative, and the transmission is
questionable
2. Limit power to avoid any de-synchronization reading
3. LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
4. Conduct a cautious landing, with minimum power, and gradual
power increase. Refer to procedure page 3-2.
Original issue EASA Approved 3-9
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

MLI failure :
Detected by the indication XXX on MLI
1. Above 5500 feet Zp, you will always be limited by full throttle,
Below 5500 feet Zp, do not exceed 80 kt IAS in level flight to
prevent overpower.
CONTINUE FLIGHT
2. Make a cautious landing in conditions requiring not more power
than previous take-off.

MLI degraded modes :


In case of one of following parameters loss, the MLI shifts automatically to a
degraded mode :
Engine speed,
Throttle position,
OAT,
Ambient air pressure.
Degraded mode is signalled by the MLI indication displayed in yellow.
CONTINUE FLIGHT

3-10 EASA Approved Original issue


Issue 01
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Loss of engine speed sensor :


Detected by the indication XXX on engine EPM indicator and loss of
governor (frozen twist-grip).
1. Refer to NR indicator for engine speed indication,
2. Overtake the governor by firmly gripping the twist-grip,
3. Once NR is in green arc, switch governor OFF,
4. Regulate throttle manually to keep the NR in green arc
CONTINUE FLIGHT

Loss of main rotor speed sensor :

Detected by the indication XXX on rotor EPM indicator.


1. Keep powered flight, no de-synchronization (no fast descent,
nor autorotation practice),
2. Refer to NM indicator for engine speed indication,
CONTINUE FLIGHT

Original issue EASA Approved 3-11


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Aural warnings

Loud horn warning :


A continuous tone warns the pilot when rotor speed approaches low speed
limit.
An intermittent tone warns the pilot when rotor speed approaches high
speed limit.
A short tone warns the pilot when the LOW FUEL light goes on.

Note : The continuous horn can be temporarily muted by setting the NR


switch to MUTE. It reengages itself when the condition disappears.

Beeper warning :
A high-frequency continuous beep warns the pilot in three situations :
when oil pressure is lost with Plasma ignition ON in conjunction
with OIL P red warning light,
to warn that engine ignition is hot at startup,
to prevent from leaving the Plasma ignition ON when leaving the
helicopter (MASTER OFF as well as ON).

EPM parameters out of limitations

Note: All EPM parameters are displayed in corresponding colour


(inverted), and blink during 10 seconds when exceeding limit.

Parameter Exceeds Corrective actions

1. Move carb heater switch to HOT


2. Check temp gets out of yellow and
CONTINUE FLIGHT
 If stays, avoid prolonged flight at low power
Carb T Yellow arc setting.
 In case of carb. icing (*),
LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
Carry-on a cautious landing.
(*) Refer to page 3-2 for detection means

3-12 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Parameter Exceeds Corrective actions

If in hover, land or depart in translation


If in translation, reduce power
CHT Red arc  If indication stays into red arc,
LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
Once landed, keep nominal NR for cooling

If in hover, land or depart in translation


If in translation, reduce power
Red arc  If indication stays into red arc,
Oil T LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
Once landed, keep nominal NR for cooling.
Wait to apply full power
Yellow arc
Allow to warm-up.

Cold starting : allow engine to warm-up


Red arc
> 7.9 bar Flight : reduce power
If stays into red arc :
(115 PSI)
Oil P LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE

Red arc LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE


< 1.7bar Monitor OIL P warning light.
(25 PSI)  If ON LAND IMMEDIATELY
Red arc 1. Check boost pump ON
< 0.03 bar 2. Reduce power and reach Vy = 50 kt IAS
(0.5 PSI) LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
Fuel P
Red arc 1. Switch boost pump OFF
> 0.55 bar 2. Check a decrease
(8 PSI) LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE

Display in
Red 10 L Check with LOW FUEL warning light
LOW FUEL
(2.6 U.S.  If ON : LAND IMMEDIATELY
gal)

Check ALT switch ON


Battery
Yellow Switch unnecessary electrical charges OFF
charge
CONTINUE FLIGHT

Original issue EASA Approved 3-13


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

EPM Alarms

Alarm Signification Corrective actions

1.Shut cabin heater OFF


Carbon 2.Open vents
CO monoxide 3.Ground or hover : change heading
Amber cabin 4.If symptoms of CO poisoning (headache,
pollution drowsiness, dizziness) accompany light,
LAND IMMEDIATELY

If alarm is accompanied by any indication of


a problem such as noise, vibration or MGB
MGB / TGB
Gearbox temperature light,
Chips
degradation LAND IMMEDIATELY
Amber
If there is no other indication of a problem,
LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE

Engine
Fire Refer to procedure page 3-6
compartment
Red LAND IMMEDIATELY
fire

Carb Heat
Carb heat is Anticipate a reduction of available power
applied
effective Refer to page 3-2
White.

3-14 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Caution / Warning lights


Light Signification Corrective actions

STARTER Starter is energized. Release starter button as needed


On the ground : - Flip MASTER switch OFF
- CANCEL FLIGHT
If stays when starter In flight (engine - Flip MASTER switch OFF
STARTER
button is released : running) : - Flip NR switch  Backup
(maintained) LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
starter relay is stuck
Failed engine restart (In autorotation) :
- Terminate autorotation

Governor is Monitor Engine/Rotor RPM


GOV OFF
disengaged with twist grip. CONTINUE FLIGHT

BRAKE Rotor brake engaged Disengage and lock

OIL P Low oil pressure LAND IMMEDIATELY

1. Move to 50 - 80 kt IAS translation


2. If MGB T stays on and if light is
High gearbox
MGB T accompanied by any indication of a
temperature
problem such as noise or vibration,
LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE

LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE


About 12 liters
Avoid : sideslips & sharp manoeuvres
LOW FUEL (2.6 U.S. gal)
If EPM reads < 10 liters (2.6 U.S. gal) :
remaining
LAND IMMEDIATELY

Alternator, regulator Check ALT switch ON


ALT or battery charging Switch OFF unnecessary electrical
malfunction charges. CONTINUE FLIGHT
Belt tensioning (clutching),
Reduce power until light is off.
detensioning (declutching)
or If continuous : Reduce IAS to 50 kt IAS
CLUTCH
clutch pressure LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
too low Be prepared to enter autorotation

NR (High) Raise the collective or Reduce throttle

NR (Low) Increase power or Lower the collective


Note : Blinking light corresponds to......................... Yellow arc on EPM
Continuous light warns when approaching ... Red limit tachometer

Original
Issue 02 issue EASA Approved 3-15
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 3
CABRI G2 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

3-16 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Section 4 Normal procedures


GENERAL ..................................................................................................... 4-1
AIRSPEEDS FOR SAFE OPERATION ................................................................... 4-1
DOORS ........................................................................................................ 4-1
DOORS-LOCK AND ANTI-THEFT ........................................................................ 4-2
BEFORE FLIGHT............................................................................................. 4-2
DAILY OR PRE-FLIGHT CHECKS ....................................................................... 4-2
INTER-FLIGHT CHECK ..................................................................................... 4-7
BEFORE STARTING ENGINE ............................................................................. 4-9
STARTING THE ENGINE ................................................................................. 4-11
BEFORE TAKE-OFF ...................................................................................... 4-12
TAKE-OFF PROCEDURE ................................................................................ 4-13
CLIMB ........................................................................................................ 4-14
CRUISE AND/OR LEVEL FLIGHT ...................................................................... 4-14
FLIGHT TIME MANAGEMENT ........................................................................... 4-14
AUTOMATIC CARBURETOR HEAT .................................................................... 4-15
APPROACH AND LANDING ............................................................................. 4-15
ENGINE / ROTOR SHUTDOWN ....................................................................... 4-16
DISENGAGEMENT WITH ENGINE OFF ............................................................. 4-16
TRAINING ................................................................................................... 4-17
Power failure in hover in ground effect practice ................................... 4-18
Autorotation practice ............................................................................ 4-18
Autorotation practice abortion .............................................................. 4-19
EPM failure practice............................................................................. 4-19
Engine governor failure practice .......................................................... 4-20

Original
Issue 02 issue EASA Approved 4-i
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

4-ii EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

The information in section 4, Normal procedures, is approved by EASA.

General

This section contains instructions and procedures for operating the


helicopter, from the planning stage through all the mission.

Normal and standard conditions are assumed in these procedures.


Pertinent data in other sections is referenced when applicable

The instructions and procedures contained herein are written for the
purpose of standardization and are not applicable to all situations.
They cannot replace pilots appreciation of each particular situation.

Airspeeds for safe operation

Take-off and climbs....................................................................... 50 kt IAS

Best range..................................................................................... 80 kt IAS

Autorotation (also see page 3-2).................................................. 50 kt IAS

Never-exceed speed (VNE), power on ........................................ 130 kt IAS


-2kt IAS per 1000 feet Zp

Never-exceed speed (VNE), power off ......................................... 110 kt IAS


-2kt IAS per 1000 feet Zp

Doors

Operation with one or two door(s) removed is allowed with no additional


limitation in the whole flight envelope.

Each door is equipped with a restraining strap which enables partial


opening for venting purpose.
Operation is allowed with no additional limitation with one or two doors
unlatched in this way, partially opened, secured by the restraining strap.

In all these cases, make sure that all harnesses are buckled and secure all
loose objects. Warn passenger to keep head, arms and objects inside the
cabin to avoid high velocity airstream.

Original issue EASA Approved 4-1


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Doors-lock and anti-theft


To unlock / lock the doors, press the corresponding button on the key-ring
radio transmitter. Check the flashing strobe light confirmation.
If the transmitter is ineffective, check the Auxiliaries breaker inside the
battery box.
Unlocking / locking the doors also enables / disables the engine starter, if
active (refer to page 7-18).

Note : The starter is enabled when the rotor is turning above 400 RPM,
whatever the antitheft state.

Before flight
The pilot should be familiar with helicopter limitations detailed in Section 2
of this manual.
The pilot should have checked weight and balance. Refer to Section 2 and
Section 6 of this manual.
The pilot should check helicopter performance according to Section 2 of this
manual.
The pilot should carry out a pre-flight check before each flight.

Daily or Pre-flight checks


The following check must be carried out before each flight.
However, if the helicopter is operated by a single pilot, or in an organization
where checks are done by a qualified mechanic, this check may be carried-
out daily, before the first flight of the day.

In this case, an inter-flight check should be done between each flight (refer
to page 4-7).

Preliminaries
 Remove airframe covers, pitot and static plugs, blade tie downs and
exhaust plug.
 In cold weather, remove all frost, ice or snow.
 Purpose of the following inspection is to :
- Visually check the helicopter general condition,
- Detect leakage indications,
- Detect aluminum fretting marks : dark powder marks,
- Detect steel fretting marks : black or brown marks/residues,
- Detect overheating marks (color changing),
- Detect damages (impacts, scratches, cracks, frictions,
corrosion).

4-2 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Note : All castellated nut must be locked by cotter pin.


Lockwire must be tight.
Torque-seal marks must be intact.

Definition of Cabri G2 inspection stations

5
4

3
2

Station 1 :
Main rotor blades (each 3) :
Clean, particularly at leading-edge
Leading edge ...........................hand-check for damage or debonding
Tips bolts .................................................................. Check lockwiring
Right door hinges ...................................................................... Check
Door hinge safety pins ............................................................ Installed
Windshield condition and cleanliness ........................................ Check
Sideslip string indicator.............................................................. Check
Lower windows condition and cleanliness ................................. Check
Landing light .............................................................................. Check
Pitot tube ..........................................................Cover removed, check
Static pressure port............................................. Plug removed, check
Front gear bow attachment........................................................ Check
Left door hinges......................................................................... Check
Door hinge safety pin.............................................................. Installed

Issue 02 issue
Original EASA Approved 4-3
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Station 2 :
Fuel cap ................................................................................... Locked
Navigation lights.........................................................................Check
Front and main gear bow condition ............................................Check
Landing gear pants and skid condition.......................................Check
Skid shoes..................................................................................Check
Fuel manifold............................................................................No leak
Drain valve ...............................................................................Sample
Cowling hinge.............................................................................Check
Open the left engine cowling
Battery strap...............................................................................Check
Battery terminals ..................................................................Tightened
Breakers..................................................................................... All set
MAP lines...................................................................................Check
Transmission belt .......................................................................Check
Belt slack....................................................................................Check
Electronic ignition coils attachment ............................................Check
Ignition wires ..............................................................................Check
Engine and baffling general condition ........................................Check
Engine skirts condition and attachment......................................Check
Exhaust pipes.............................................................................Check
Heat muff and hose condition...............................................No cracks
Mixture control............................................................................Check
Throttle control ...........................................................................Check
Air box attachment .....................................................................Check
Auto carburetor heat .......................................................... Check cold
Engine connector ..................................................................... Locked
Engine mount condition........................ Inspect for cracks or corrosion
Engine rubber mounts................................................................Check
Magneto connection...................................................................Check
Fuel pump and hose ................................................................No leak
Oil cooler air hose ......................................................................Check
Flexible push-pull control ...........................................................Check
Left tail boom attachments .....................................................No crack
Cotter pins.............................................................................. Installed
Cowling ........................................................Close and lock front latch

Station 3 :
Left tail boom side general condition................................. No damage
Horizontal stabilizer................................................ Shake and inspect
Strobe light .................................................................................Check
Rotor duct................................................................................... Clean
Tail rotor blades condition ......................................... Clean, no impact
Tail rotor blades slack ........................................................ Check all 7
Tail skid and attachment ............................................................Check

4-4 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Station 4 :
Tripod attachments.................................................................... Check
Tail gear box oil level................................................................. Check
Chip detector ............................................................................Locked
Pitch lever and rod end............................................... Check free-play
Horizontal stabilizer ................................................................... Check
Rear transmission tube........................ Check while turning main rotor
Right tail boom side general condition...............................No damage
Transmission bearings bolts and plugs.............................. Check tight

Station 5 :
Muffler exhaust .........................................................Check and shake
Right cowling hinge.................................................................... Check
Open the right engine cowling
Right tail boom attachments .................................................. No crack
Cotter pins .............................................................................. Installed
Muffler............................... No crack or interference with engine frame
Oil filter ....................................................................... Locked, no leak
Engine oil dipstick.....................................Check 4 to 6 Qt and tighten
Engine mount condition ....................... Inspect for cracks or corrosion
Fuel line condition...................................................................... Check
Clutch distributor and attachment ...................................Tight, no leak
Oil cooler pipes........................................................................ No leak
VHF antenna ............................................................................. Check
Engine cooling intake screen................................... Inspect and clean
Ignition wires.............................................................................. Check
Engine and baffling general condition........................................ Check
Rotor brake................................................ Check pads and clearance
Flex coupling and bolts ...............................................Tight no crack
Upper pulley .............................................................................. Check
Clutch actuator .....................................................................Retracted
Main gear box oil level ............................................................... Check
Chip detector ............................................................................Locked
Inspection door ......................................................................... Closed
Engine skirts condition and attachment ..................................... Check
Exhaust pipes ............................................................................ Check
Carburetor heating hose ............................................................ Check
Air intake duct and hose ............................................................ Check
Gascolator drain ...................................................................... Sample
Fuel flow sender ........................................................................ Check
Aft landing gear attachment....................................................... Check
Cowling.....................................................Close and lock both latches
Front and main gear bow condition ........................................... Check
Landing gear pants and skid condition ...................................... Check
Skid shoes ................................................................................. Check
Original
Issue 02 issue EASA Approved 4-5
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Navigation lights.........................................................................Check

Open the baggage door, step for main rotor examination :


Blade bolts .................................................................................Check
Elastomeric thrust bearings........................Check elastomer condition
Main rotor hub ...............................................Check nicks or corrosion
Lead-lag dampers :
- Elastomer condition .............................................................No crack
- Rod ends....................................................... Free without looseness
All control rod-ends ........................................ Free without looseness
Droop stop ring.................................................................Visual check
Rotating and non-rotating scissors....... Free with moderate looseness
Swashplate.............................................................Check no free-play
Main gear box upper fitting.........................................................Check
Air intake and MGB compartment .............................No foreign object
Engine air intake screen...........................................Inspect and clean
Blades leading edge...................................................... No debonding
Step down and slam baggage door

Inside the cockpit


Stroking seats :
- Upper slide .......................................................................Aligned
- Attachment .........................................................................Check
Harnesses..................................................................................Check
Main controls condition ..............................................................Check
Pedals condition.........................................................................Check
Objects inside...........................................................................Stowed
Removable controls (if installed) ................................................Check
Instruments and switches...........................................................Check
All breakers .......................................................................................In

4-6 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Inter-flight check

This paragraph describes the inter-flight check that should be carried out in the
case described page 4-2.

5
4

3
2

Station 1 :
Main rotor blades (each 3) :
Leading edge ...........................hand-check for damage or debonding
Right door hinges ...................................................................... Check
Pitot tube ..........................................................Cover removed, check
Static pressure port............................................. Plug removed, check
Left door hinges......................................................................... Check

Station 2 :
Fuel cap....................................................................................Locked
Front and main gear bow condition ........................................... Check
Landing gear pants and skid condition ...................................... Check
Skid shoes ................................................................................. Check
Cowling....................................................................................Latched

Original issue EASA Approved 4-7


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Station 3 :
Left tail boom attachments .........................................................Check
Horizontal stabilizer................................................ Shake and inspect
Rotor duct................................................................................... Clean
Tail rotor blades ...................................................................No impact
Tail skid and attachment ............................................................Check

Station 4 :
Tripod attachments ....................................................................Check
Tail gear box oil level .................................................................Check
Chip detector............................................................................ Locked
Horizontal stabilizer....................................................................Check

Station 5 :
Right tail boom attachments.......................................................Check
Muffler exhaust...........................................................................Check
Cowling ................................................................................... Latched
Front and main gear bow condition ............................................Check
Landing gear pants and skid condition.......................................Check
Skid shoes..................................................................................Check

Open the baggage door, step for main rotor examination :


Rotor hub ......................................................................General check
Air intake and MGB compartment .............................No foreign object
Engine air intake screen...........................................Inspect and clean
Blades leading edge...................................................... No debonding
Step down and slam baggage door

Inside the cockpit


Main controls condition ..............................................................Check
Pedals ........................................................................................Check
Objects inside...........................................................................Stowed
Removable controls (if installed) ................................................Check

4-8 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Before starting engine


Harnesses.............................................................................. Both fastened
Cockpit .............................................................All objects correctly secured
Pedals ....................................................................................Full travel free
Collective ................................................... Friction released, full travel free
Cyclic .....................................................................................Full travel free
Breakers.................................................................................................... In
Hourmeter ...................................................................................... Checked
Fuel shut-off valve ...................................................................Checked ON
Collective ...........................................................................Down, friction on
Altimeter.................................................................................................. Set
All switches ........................................................................................... OFF
Carburetor heating switch ..................................................................... Auto
MASTER switch ...................................................................................... ON
NR switch......................................................................................... Backup
NR green light ..........................................................................Checked ON
Lights and NR horn automatic check ........................ Monitored, all working
......................................................................................... except STARTER

EPM starts
Watch flight log
Push #2 key to enter configuration page.
Set configuration as desired .................................refer to page 7-13
Push #1 key to freeze flight log page, push again to carry on.
Watch self-test
If a parameter is failed, the page stays until acknowledged.
Refer to page 2-10 for no-go parameters.
Watch flight screen
No alarm except : OIL P - FUEL P - OIL T - CARB T (if OAT
corresponds)
If engine is cold.............. Cross-check OAT - CHT - OIL T - CARB T
Fuel quantity ........................................................................... Check
Governor .....................................................OFF, check GOV OFF light ON
Mixture ...............................................................................Forward, full rich

Note 1 : Before starting, NR green light, GOV OFF, OIL P, ALT. lights are
on. CLUTCH light may also be ON.

Note 2 : The EPM has preflight functions described page 7-11 and
following pages.

Original
Issue 02 issue EASA Approved 4-9
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Warning :

The clutch may have stayed engaged, or engage unexpectedly,


allowing the rotor to turn at starter engagement.
The blades can be very dangerous particularly at low speed, and
with gusts or wind. They are very heavy and flexible.
 Never engage the starter while the area is not completely clear of
people and foreign objects in a 6 meter (20 foot) radius. The
blades may turn unexpectedly.

 The pilot must not leave the cockpit as long as the engine or the
rotor turns. He must wait complete stop.

 Strictly forbid all people presence in the rotor area 6 meter


(20 foot) radius, while the engine is running or the rotor is turning,
unless controlled by the pilot in command as follows :

 To allow a person enter or exit the cabin or rotor area 6 meter


(20 foot) radius, the pilot must :
1. Make sure the wind is less than 20 kt,
2. Hold the collective down,
3. Hold the cyclic slightly aft,
4. Maintain the RPM steady in the yellow green arc,
5. Watch the person in lateral sector and allow by a head sign.
Do not move the cyclic while the person has started
moving towards the helicopter.

It is the pilots responsibility to make sure that take-off and landing area is
clear from all people that could be endangered, and that all people
approaching the helicopter are well aware of above warnings, and
briefed to :
1. Stay clear 6 meters (20 feet) of the helicopter,
2. Watch the pilot and wait his sign before moving into the
rotor area,
3. Bend forward and keep hands, cloths and objects low,
4. Move in the lateral area, in pilots sight.

4-10 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Starting the engine

Headset................................................................................................... ON
Radio....................................................................................... ON if needed
Altimeter setting ........................................ Correlated with ATC information
Compass heading indication ............................................................ Verified
Strobe ..................................................................................................... ON
Fuel pump .............................................. ON, check Fuel pressure increase
Manual fuel injections.................................................................. As needed
Throttle..............................................Monitor on EPM : START 0% to 15 %
Rotor brake ......................................... Apply - check the light - lock forward
Mixture ................................................................................Full rich forward
Ignitions, magneto and Plasma....................................... ON, check beeper
Area .....................................................................................................Clear
Radio clearance if needed
Starter ..............................................................................................Activate
STARTER light........... checked ON and back OFF when switch is released
After engine starts, Throttle.....................................Idle, 0% START on MLI
Alternator ............................................................... ON, check ALT goes off
Check oil pressure light........................... OFF within 30 seconds of starting
If not, shutdown the engine by mixture off
CLUTCH .................................. Engage and lock switch check light is ON
Rotor and Engine indicators....................................................Synchronized
CLUTCH light...........................................................................Wait for OFF

Note 1 : Depending on belt condition and temperature, the rotor may


slightly engage from engine start. In this case, engage clutch to
avoid prolonged belt slippage.

Note 2 : Maintain throttle on idle stop during clutching, to preserve belt.

Note 3 : As the rotor begins to spin, a cyclic stick rotation may occur.
Center the stick smoothly.

Note 4 : ALT light may flicker at idle. Check ALT lights goes off above
1500 RPM.

Original
Issue 02 issue EASA Approved 4-11
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Ignition test :
Set engine speed to...........................2000 RPM (upper purple radial mark)
Maximum drop on Magneto ............................ 300 RPM (lower radial mark)
Maximum drop on Plasma ............................................................. 100 RPM
Set rotor speed between....................................420 RPM < NR < 450 RPM
Carburetor heating automatic test starts after 5 seconds .............................
Check Carb. heat OK is displayed
If Carb h test failed is displayed, apply the following procedure :
1. Set Carburetor heat switch to Cool position,
2. Note carburetor temperature when stabilized,
3. Set carburetor heat switch to Hot position,
4. Check that carb. heat temperature increases.
If it increases, switch to Auto and monitor Carb temp gage.
If not, consider that carburetor heater is inoperative :
1. Avoid prolonged flight at low power setting,
2. Monitor Carb. temp gage.
Wait for Oil temp increase as needed.

Governor ON .............................................. Check rotor speed in green arc


Check BARC backup green light lights ON
Roll-off throttle to idle.............................. Check needles desynchronization
Check lower BARC light blinks when NR in yellow arc
Check warning horn when NR approaches lower red limit
Switch BARC to mute warning horn. This will also switch to
normal mode
Check idle stabilization

Roll-in throttle ............... check that governor engages from NR = 400 RPM

Before take-off

Oil temperature.................................60C (140F) minimum for max power


Doors.............................................................. Closed or secured with strap
Harnesses ..............................................................................Both fastened
Pressures and temperatures ...................................................... Green arcs
Warning and caution lights ....................................................................OFF
Performance calculation ....................................... first limit checked on MLI
Landing light and NAV. light ........................................................As needed
Radio ...........................................................................................As needed
Collective friction ...........................................................................Released

4-12 EASA Approved Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Take-off procedure

On clear flat area


1. Apply collective pitch progressively to stabilize hover at 2 feet skid height.
2. Adjust cyclic trim.
3. Check engine parameters in green arcs and warning / caution lights OFF.
4. Apply slight forward cyclic to accelerate at a constant height.
5. At 45 kt IAS, rotate to reach and maintain 50 kt IAS.
6. Once climb is stabilized, adjust power as needed. Rate of climb should not
exceed 500 ft/min below 100 feet in order to ease piloting in case of an
engine failure.
7. Follow take-off profile shown on Height-Velocity diagram shown page 5-3 :

2 ft 10 ft
0 kt 45 kt 20 ft
50 kt

Note 1 : Take-off is possible without increasing power in case of a very slow


acceleration on hard surface.

Note 2 : Take-off run may be shortened, by raising slightly the collective to


compensate for height loss, if power margin enables it.

On other surface (confined area or surrounded by obstacles)


Refer to HOGE performance page 5-4.
Adapt acceleration procedure to environment by keeping rotor disk above
horizon and avoiding as far as possible Height / Velocity limiting area (refer
to page5-3).

Original issue EASA Approved 4-13


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Climb
Prescribed climb speed is 50 kt IAS.
Adjust power to obtain desired rate-of-climb. Maximum allowed power is
indicated by 100% on MLI.
If full throttle is reached (100 % FLOW on the MLI), the rotor speed may
decrease. In this case, slightly lower the collective to recover rotor speed.

Cruise and/or Level flight

All parameters ............................................................................ Green arcs


Warning and caution lights ....................................................................OFF
Fuel remaining....................................................................................Check
Economy cruise is obtained with ...............................................90% on MLI
Fast cruise is obtained with .....................................................100% on MLI
Maximum endurance speed is...................................................... 50 kt IAS
Best range speed is ...................................................................... 80 kt IAS

Flight time management

The EPM has two features to ease flight management :


A fuel flow computer, giving different data described page 7-15,
A flight time counter, displaying the real flight time to be logged,
described page 7-14.

The flight time display is frozen at rotor shutdown, until next start-up, and is
stored in the EPM flight log page.
The average fuel flow during ongoing flight is stored in the EPM flight log
page.
One flight is counted from rotor start-up, to rotor shutdown.

Caution : The fuel gage and fuel flow indication have a lower accuracy than
their display.
Always perform a cautious fuel planning, and take adequate
reserve for the kind of operation.
Always trust the LOW FUEL warning light as per page 3-15.

4-14 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Automatic carburetor heat

Automatic carburetor heat system is meant to decrease pilot workload.

However, the pilot should always monitor icing risk and manually put
carburetor heating in Hot position in case of doubt.

Conditions conducive to carburetor icing are high humidity, fog, rain, or


when operating near water or at low power.

Caution : A slow decay in engine power, caused by carburetor icing or air


filter clogging, is compensated by the governor and can be
overlooked by the pilot.
The MLI indication will not change while in PWR mode, but will
rapidly shift to FLO mode, then increase to 100%.

Approach and landing

Approach with ...................................................... 50 kt IAS and -500 ft/min


Land on clear area
The target is ........................................50 kt IAS / 50 ft AGL / -500 ft/min
Flare gently with cyclic to reduce rate of descent and forward speed.
Gently raise the collective to stop in ground effect, hovering at 2 feet skid
height.

Original
Issue 01 issue EASA Approved 4-15
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Engine / Rotor shutdown

Collective ........................................................................... Down, friction on


Governor................................................................................................OFF
Engine cooling .............................. 420 < Nr < 450 RPM until CHT 180C
Idle......................................................................................................Stable
CLUTCH ....................................... Switch on disengage check light is ON
Wait for de-synchronization (needles split) or for CLUTCH light to go OFF
Mixture...................................................................... Pull OFF to shut-down
Ignition switches ....................................................................................OFF
Landing light and NAV. light ..................................................................OFF
Alternator ...............................................................................................OFF
Fuel pump..............................................................................................OFF
Rotor brake.................................. On request under 150 RPM (white mark)
Rotor............................................................................................... Stopped
Strobe....................................................................................................OFF
Radio ................................................................................ Cleared and OFF
Hourmeter and EPM flight time........................................................... Noted
MASTER................................................................................................OFF

Note 1 : The CLUTCH switch is active only if the MASTER switch is left ON
during a few seconds.

Note 2 : It is possible that the CLUTCH light goes ON again, after the engine
has quit.

Disengagement with engine OFF

If the engine was shut-down or has stalled while it was clutched, switch
CLUTCH on disengage.
The MASTER switch can then be switched OFF after a few seconds.

Engine disengaged, the complete declutching can take a few minutes.

4-16 EASA Approved Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Training

Caution : The Cabri G2 has a very capable rotor, giving her comparatively
permissive autorotation characteristics. This allows efficient
training and practice, from different situations and using different
piloting techniques.
Following procedures are given as guidelines and should be
followed for best safety.

However, pilot and instructor should keep in mind that power


failure training is a very demanding practice, requiring a high
level of awareness, good health and personal condition, and
aircraft in perfect airworthy state.

Power failure practice must be limited to the strict needs of


instruction and maintaining good proficiency. Never practice
autorotation as a show.

Pilot must stay familiar with procedures described in Section 3 and follow
them in case of a real failure.

Smooth and hard surface should be preferred to practice running landings.


In order to familiarize with Cabri G2 landing attitude, practice powered
running landings before autorotation training.

Caution : Before attempting running landings, check thoroughly carbide


wear shoes. An unexpected drift during a running landing is a
clue to a carbide shoe failure. Always check in case of doubt.

During autorotation training, try to keep the helicopter skids level


at touchdown, to avoid unpleasant pitch-down and bouncing.

If the ground is not smooth and if the rotor speed is too low when
the helicopter touches the ground, a pitch oscillation can happen,
leading to an uncomfortable landing. In that case, the pilot has to
keep the cyclic control in the neutral position in order to prevent
induced oscillations.

Original issue EASA Approved 4-17


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Power failure in hover in ground effect practice

1. Roll-off throttle frankly until on its stop,


2. Counteract yaw motion by applying left pedal,
3. Increase collective as ground approaches, to smooth landing,
4. Push collective down once landed.

Note 1 : If the helicopter is light, it may bounce after a first touch down.
Note 2 : The Cabri G2 has no natural tendency to depart in roll or pitch after
failure. No systematic corrective cyclic action is needed.
A slight forward motion at impact is recommended for better
control.
Note 3 : For a forgiving practice, respect a maximum of 5 feet height.
Note 4 : Avoid practice at maximum gross weight.

Autorotation practice

1. Lower collective full down,


2. Counteract yaw motion by applying left pedal,
3. Roll-off throttle through its spring ramp to its stop,
4. Maintain IAS between 30 and 50 kt IAS (50 kt IAS
recommended) by controlling longitudinal cyclic,
5. Slightly increase collective if required to keep rotor speed in the
green arc,
6. At about 60 feet AGL, apply aft cyclic to raise the helicopter nose
smoothly and continuously.
7. As ground closes-on, apply forward cyclic to level the helicopter
while raising the collective to stop sink rate.
With a 50 kt IAS approach, landing requires a longer distance
but is easier to manage. Little action is required on the
collective control since the flare will stop the sink rate.
A 30 kt IAS approach needs smaller cleared area for landing
but is more difficult to manage.
8. Use pedals to minimize ground drift,
9. Once stopped, lower the collective.
Note : When autorotation is stabilized with collective full down, the rotor
speed should stay in the authorized range, whatever the weight
and the altitude in flight envelope.
Caution : If airspeed drops below 30 kt IAS, push frankly the cyclic forward
to recover airspeed.

4-18 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Autorotation practice abortion


If power recovery is decided during autorotation :
1. Roll-in throttle until governor engages,
2. Gradually raise collective pitch to stop autorotation and descent,
3. Control yaw during power recovery with pedals.

Note : Do not worry for very fast engine acceleration. There is no risk of
overtorque at re-synchronization. Be prepared to yawing to the left
when power recovers.

EPM failure practice


In order to be efficient, this practice should be carried out without engine
governor.
A flight instructor should make the student familiar with the NR lights :
1. Select an appropriate flight phase with little workload,
2. Mask the EPM screen with a paper,
3. Disengage the governor,
4. Make the student control the rotor speed using twist-grip control,
monitoring the Low NR and High NR caution lights. The central
light is inactive.

He may also simulate a more realistic EPM failure, with electric power
failure :
1. Select an appropriate flight phase with little workload,
2. Switch ALT OFF,
3. Switch MASTER OFF,
Caution : Only direct battery systems stay powered. Noticeably, EPM,
BARC, governor and avionics are off.
Do not Switch MASTER OFF before having switched OFF ALT
switch.

4. Switch the NR switch to backup to power the BARC,


5. Make the student control the rotor speed using twist-grip control,
monitoring the three NR lights. The central light (green) is on when
NR is in the green arc.

Original issue EASA Approved 4-19


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 4
CABRI G2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

Engine governor failure practice

Switch-off governor.
Adjust twist grip in order to maintain engine/rotor speed in the middle of
green arc.

Note : The mechanical correlation is designed so that a pattern can be


flown, in normal conditions, from a stabilized hover with engine/rotor
speed in the green arc, without twist grip adjustment.

4-20 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Section 5 Performance
AIRSPEED CALIBRATION ................................................................................. 5-1
ROTOR STARTING AND STOPPING LIMIT ............................................................ 5-2
HEIGHT-VELOCITY DIAGRAM ........................................................................... 5-3
HOVER OUT OF GROUND EFFECT ................................................................... 5-4
HOVER IN GROUND EFFECT ........................................................................... 5-5
RATE OF CLIMB AT VY = 50 KT IAS ................................................................. 5-6
TAKE OFF DISTANCE .................................................................................... 5-10
GLIDE DISTANCE IN AUTOROTATION ............................................................... 5-10
SOUND EXPOSURE LEVEL ............................................................................. 5-10

Original issue EASA Approved 5-i


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

5-ii EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

The information in section 5, Performance, is approved by EASA.

Airspeed calibration

Airspeed indicator calibration


130

120

110

100

90
Calibrated Airspeed, kt

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130
Indicated Airspeed, kt

Notes :
- Calibrated airspeed is equal to true airspeed at sea level in standard
conditions.
- Indicated airspeed assumes zero instrument error. Difference with
calibrated airspeed is caused by pressure ports installation.

Original issue EASA Approved 5-1


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Rotor starting and stopping limit

Maximum demonstrated wind for rotor start-up or shut-down : 40 kt,


including gusts.

Caution : When starting or stopping the rotor in strong wind, lower


fully the collective to its stop, and keep the cyclic in
neutral position.

Apply rotor brake frankly from the specified speed.


DO NOT release until full stop.

5-2 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Height-Velocity diagram

Height AGL, feet

500

400 Avoid
operation in
this area

300

200
Associated
take-off
profile
100

50

10
8
2 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 IAS, kt
45 Vy
Note : With a view to simplicity, the same domain was demonstrated
regardless of altitude and temperature. It means that some margin
exist at lower altitudes, temperatures and weights.

During take-off, the pilot should pay attention to avoid this zone. In addition,
he should limit the rate of climb to a maximum of 500 feet / min below
100 feet AGL, in order to limit the loss of rotor speed in case of power
failure (see procedure page 3-3).

Original issue EASA Approved 5-3


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Hover Out of Ground Effect


Zp OGE HOVER CEILING VS. GROSS
WEIGHT
12 000ft

Standard
atmosphere
10 000ft

8000ft max = 14 200 ft


Z
*

6000ft

4000ft

2000ft

0 ft
470 kg 500 kg 550 kg 600 kg 650 kg 700 kg
Gross weight -
1100 lb 1200 lb kg 1300 lb 1400 lb 1500 lb

Gross weight
OGE hover performance
- 5C OAT ISA+30C
No wind
Engine speed = 2650 RPM
Max. Continuous Power

5-4 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Hover In Ground Effect


Zp IGE HOVER CEILING VS. GROSS WEIGHT

max = 10 800 ft
Z
12 000ft *

Standard
atmosphere
10 000ft

8000ft
Pressure altitude - ft

6000ft

4000ft

2000ft

0 ft
470 kg 500 kg 550 kg 600 kg 650 kg 700 kg
Gross weight - kg
1100 lb 1200 lb 1300 lb 1400 lb 1500 lb

IGE hover performance Gross weight


Skid height = 2 feet - No wind
- 5C OAT ISA+30C
Engine speed = 2650 RPM
Max. Continuous Power
A wind speed of 35 kt at all headings was demonstrated at sea level.
A wind speed of 25 kt at all headings was demonstrated at maximum
reduced weight
(M/max = 835 kg, refer to following pages for reduced weight computation).
Original issue EASA Approved 5-5
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Rate of climb at Vy = 50 kt IAS


To determine the maximum rate of climb, first determine the reduced weight
as follows :
1. Locate A on the left curves from outside temperature and pressure
altitude,
2. Report A on the right curves and read the reduced weight from weight.

Note : The example is given for M = 700 kg, OAT = 20C and Zp = 4000 ft.

Pressure altitude

-20C -10C 0C 10C 20C 30C 40C


Outside air temperature
- 5C Text ISA+30C

5-6 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Reduced weight computation

1.2

1.1

Weight
0.9

A
0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

400 kg 600 kg 800 kg 1000 kg 1200 kg

Reduced weight

Original issue EASA Approved 5-7


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Determine maximum rate of climb as follows :


1. Locate A on the left curves from pressure altitude and outside air
temperature,
2. Report A on the right curves and find climb rate from reduced weight.

Outside air temperature

0 ft 5 000 ft 10 000 ft 13 000 ft

Pression altitude

- 5C OAT ISA+30C
Engine speed = 2650 RPM
Max. Continuous power

5-8 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Rate of climb computation

Reduced weight

0 ft/min 1 000 ft/min 2000 ft/min 3000 ft/min

Rate of climb

Original issue EASA Approved 5-9


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 5
CABRI G2 PERFORMANCE

Take off distance

Take-off distance, following recommended take-off profile described page


5-3 with 50 feet obstacle, at corresponding HIGE maximum gross weight is
330 m (1080 feet).

Glide distance in autorotation

In stabilized autorotation with collective fully down, rotor speed stays within
power-off rotor speed range. The following performance is then :

Minimum rate of descent ............................1770 feet / min at IAS = 49 kt IAS


- 0.8 kt IAS per 1000 feet Zp

Best angle of glide .......................... 0,60 nm per 1000 feet at IAS = 78 kt IAS
- 1.3 kt IAS per 1000 feet Zp

Sound exposure level

Cabri G2 flyover sound exposure level is :

75.7 dB SEL

Confidence interval 0.3 dB. This measurement was established taking into
account Vh = 100 kt IAS.
The sound exposure level was determined under ICAO regulation,
nd
Annex 16, volume 1, 2 part, chapter 11.

5-10 EASA Approved Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

Section 6 Weight and balance


GENERAL ..................................................................................................... 6-1
CENTER OF GRAVITY, STANDARD DEFINITIONS ................................................. 6-3
HELICOPTER WEIGHING PROCEDURE ............................................................... 6-4
WEIGHT AND CG POSITION DETERMINATION .................................................... 6-7

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 6-i


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

6-ii Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

General

The helicopter must only be flown within the weight and balance envelope
specified in Section 2. Operation outside these loading limits can result in
degraded safety.

Note : The fuel is not located at the helicopter center of gravity and a
change in CG location will occur during flight, particularly laterally.
Pilot must make sure that helicopter CG location stays within
specified limits until consumption of all fuel.

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 6-1


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

6-2 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

Center of gravity, Standard definitions

The Cabri G2 frame axis are defined as follows :

Z-axis is parallel to the main rotor shaft, positive upward,


X-axis is normal to Z-axis in the plane defined by Z-axis and tail
rotor transmission axis, positive rearward,
Y-axis is deduced from the two others, so that the XYZ frame is
direct. Positive Y are on the helicopter right side.

Datum is defined such that main gearbox center coordinates are :

X = + 2000 mm
Y = 0 mm
Z = + 2000 mm
Z
Z

X Y

X = + 2000 mm
Y= 0 mm
Z = + 2000 mm

X = 0 mm
Y = 0 mm
Z = 0 mm

Notes : - The helicopter is not leveled when on a horizontal ground.


- The tail rotor transmission is angled 2 downward when the
helicopter is leveled.

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 6-3


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

Helicopter weighing procedure

1. Aircraft preparation :
Drain fuel using drain on Gascolator (boost pump on),
Fill engine oil and gearboxes to full marks,
Make sure all checked items on equipment list are installed in
their proper location,
Make sure copilot controls are installed or stowed inside,
Make sure aircraft is clean and remove any foreign item in cabin
and baggage compartments such as charts, tools or rags,
Mark helicopter equipment list to show exactly which equipment
is installed,
Close the doors and cowlings,
Install wheels.

2. Weighing
Select a horizontal ground,
Install three scales at appropriate distances, corresponding to the
rear skid pants, and the tail skid. The tail scale should be on a
box or a stool, with shims to adjust tail skid height :

L1 L2

6-4 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

Install a piece of angle or half-round on the two front scales, to


bear the skids on a precise point,
Set the scales zero,
Lift the helicopter nose by lowering the tail, and install it on the
three scales. The front scales position should be forward of skid
pants as shown, selected to ensure a 10 to 20 kg (20 to 40 lb)
load on the tail skid,
Remove the wheels,
Level the helicopter, by adjusting tail skid shim. Use a carpenter
level on the main rotor hub, or prefer a clinometer on the tail cone
upper surface 2 nose up as shown,
Stretch a thin wire between the two contact points of helicopter
skids,
Attach a plumb line to safety wire securing the two rear bolts
clamping the main landing bow :

LL LR

L1

Measure the horizontal distance L1 between the wire and the


plumb line. L1 is positive when plumb is aft. Measure LL and LR
as shown,
Measure the horizontal distance L2 between the tail fin lower
leading edge, and the tail skid contact point on the scale,
Note the three scales readings Mleft, Mright and Maft

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 6-5


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

3. Calculation
Report these data in following table, to determine the helicopter empty
weight and moments.
In millimeters :

Weight Arm X Arm Y Mom X Mom Y

Mleft 2212 L1 - LL

Mright 2212 L1 LR

Maft 5913 + L2 - 90
AX = AY =
Sum = EW Sum = MX Sum = MY
MX/EW MY/EW

In inches :

Weight Arm X Arm Y Mom X Mom Y

Mleft 87 L1 - LL

Mright 87 L1 LR

Maft 233 + L2 -4
AX = AY =
Sum = EW Sum = MX Sum = MY
MX/EW MY/EW

6-6 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

Weight and CG position determination

Before each flight, the pilot should determine helicopter gross weight and
CG position in order to check that helicopter CG limits shown page 2-6 are
not exceeded, and to determine performance (Refer to Section 5).
This can be done with the following table :
1. Determine all the weights in the first column,
2. Compute longitudinal and lateral moments,
3. Sum each three columns,
4. Calculate total arms by dividing moments by total weight.
In metric units :

Item Weight Arm X Arm Y Mom X Mom Y


(kg) (mm) (mm)
1 1 1 1 1
Equipped aircraft EW ( ) AX ( ) AY ( ) MX ( ) MY ( )

Right seat 1300 320


5
Left seat () 1300 -280
4
Doors () 1250 +/- 600
Main baggage
1854 323
compartment
Front baggage
325 0
compartment
2 2 3 3
Fuel ( ) () () ()

Sum = Sum = Sum =


Total MX / GW MY / GW
GW MX MY

1
() Report aircraft equipped weight data
2
() Use 0.72 kg/L for AVGAS density
3
() For precise fuel position, use :
Fuel Quantity....................................X ...........Y
0 to 50 L........................................1805 -300
50 to 150 L......................................1966 -330
150 to 170 L.....................................1941 -341
4
() Use - 4.2 kg (negative weight) when a door is removed
5
() Use - 5.5 kg when left seat is removed
Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 6-7
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 6
CABRI G2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

In Imperial units :

Item Weight Arm X Arm Y Mom X Mom Y


(lb) (in) (in)
1 1 1 1 1
Equipped aircraft EW ( ) AX ( ) AY ( ) MX ( ) MY ( )

Right seat 51.2 12.6


5
Left seat () 51.2 - 11
4
Doors () 49.2 +/- 23.6
Main baggage
73 12.7
compartment
Front baggage
12.8 0
compartment
2 2 3 3
Fuel ( ) () () ()

Sum = Sum = Sum =


Total MX / GW MY / GW
GW MX MY

1
() Report aircraft equipped weight data
2
() Use 6.0 lb/gal for AVGAS density
3
() For precise fuel position, use :
Fuel Quantity ................................... X........... Y
0 to 13 U.S. gal ......... .................. 71.1 in -11.8 in
13 to 40 U.S. gal ......... .................. 77.4 in -13 in
40 to 45 U.S. gal ......... .................. 76.4 in -13.4 in
4
() Use - 9.2 lb (negative weight) when a door is removed
5
() Use - 12.1 lb when left seat is removed

6-8 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Section 7 Systems description


AIRFRAME .................................................................................................... 7-1
General .................................................................................................. 7-1
Landing gear .......................................................................................... 7-1
Seating................................................................................................... 7-1
DYNAMIC SYSTEMS ........................................................................................ 7-2
Main rotor............................................................................................... 7-2
Tail rotor................................................................................................. 7-2
Drive system .......................................................................................... 7-3
Flight controls......................................................................................... 7-4
Rotor brake ............................................................................................ 7-4
ENGINE INSTALLATION ................................................................................... 7-5
Engine.................................................................................................... 7-5
Clutch..................................................................................................... 7-5
Air induction ........................................................................................... 7-5
Ignition system ....................................................................................... 7-5
Cooling system ...................................................................................... 7-6
Fuel system............................................................................................ 7-6
ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT ..................................................................................... 7-7
Switches................................................................................................. 7-7
Breaker panel......................................................................................... 7-9
Battery breakers................................................................................... 7-10
Instrument panel and console .............................................................. 7-10
Emergency locating transmitter............................................................ 7-10
ELECTRONIC PILOT MONITOR - EPM ............................................................ 7-11
Flight screen ........................................................................................ 7-11
Starting sequence ................................................................................ 7-12
Flight log page ..................................................................................... 7-12
Configuration and settings page : ........................................................ 7-13
Sensors and alarms test page : ........................................................... 7-13
Start indicator....................................................................................... 7-14
Clock - Stopwatch - Flight time counter ............................................... 7-14
Fuel flow modes................................................................................... 7-15
BARC ....................................................................................................... 7-16
OTHER EQUIPMENTS .................................................................................... 7-17
Pitot - Static system ............................................................................. 7-17
Engine governor................................................................................... 7-17
Doors lock / Anti-theft........................................................................... 7-18
Lights ................................................................................................... 7-18
CABIN AND AMENITIES .................................................................................. 7-19
Baggage compartments....................................................................... 7-19
Ventilation and heating ........................................................................ 7-19

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-i


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

7-ii Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Airframe
General
The Cabri G2 airframe is composed of three sections :
The main fuselage, including cabin, central structure, baggage
and fuel compartments. It is all made of composite sandwich.
The engine section, isolated between a front and an aft
firewalls. It is made of the steel truss engine mount, and
composite cowlings.
The aft structure, a composite shell combining the tail boom,
the fins, and the tail rotor shroud, with the horizontal stabilizer.
Two composite cabin doors enable passenger / pilot access.
One composite door enables external access to the baggage
compartment.

Landing gear
The main landing gear is composed of two tubular bows, and two skids.
It is attached to the fuselage by soft elastomeric mounts, giving
adequate frequency tuning against ground resonance. There is no
damper.
The landing skids are protected against abrasion by a set of carbide
wear shoes.

Seating
The cabin features two high-energy absorbing, stroking-seats, improving
occupants protection in case of a crash.
The left seat pan can be removed to carry large cabin baggage.

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-1


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Dynamic systems
Main rotor
The Cabri G2 main rotor is a three-bladed, fully articulated, soft-in plane
rotor.

The rotor hub is forged from aluminum alloy, and attached to the
stainless-steel mast, by a large splines and cones attachment, with a
thrust nut. The hub is belted with a tough fiberglass winding, which
increases its tolerance to damage.

The blades are made of carbon and fiberglass-reinforced composite,


with a large internal steel tip weight, and lead balance weight, to
increase rotor inertia.
Their fork attachment is directly connected to an elastomeric, spherical
thrust bearing which ensures pitch, flap, and lead-lag motions.
They have a two-section, thick stainless steel leading edge cap which
protects them against erosion due to sand, dust and precipitations.
Each blade is linked to the rotor hub via an elastomeric lead-lag damper,
made of a single cylindrical layer of special rubber.

The blades are restrained in flapping-down, by a reciprocal droop-stop


ring, guided in the rotor hub. They are restrained in flapping-up by an
upper positive stop.

Tail rotor
The tail rotor is shrouded in the vertical fin.
It has seven reinforced-plastic-injected blades. Pitch change is permitted
by their stainless steel laminated tension-torsion pack.

The tail rotor hub is directly mounted on, and driven by the tail gearbox,
and its pitch control mechanism is part of the gearbox.

The tail gearbox is rigidly supported inside the shroud, by a three-tube


mount. The front tube houses the tail rotor driving shaft.

7-2 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Drive system

To the tail
gearbox
Freewheel

Primary
Thrust transmission
bearing

Attachment
to central Engine
structure

The primary transmission is composed of a pulley directly bolted to the


engine output flange, a poly-V belt transmitting the power, and an upper
pulley connected through a freewheeling unit to the gearbox input.
The power is transmitted :
forward to main gear box, and
aft to the tail rotor transmission.
The main gearbox contains a splash-lubricated spiral bevel-gear set
which transmits power to the rotor mast. It is equipped with a filler plug /
breather, a sight gage and a self-closing magnetic chip detector.

The main gearbox upper and lower casings act as a tough central
structure, rigidly bolted in the middle of the fuselage structure.

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-3


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

The steel tail rotor transmission shaft runs inside the tail cone, on three
ball bearings.
A disc rotor brake is installed on the fore portion of tail transmission
shaft. The brake jaws are actuated through a cable control, from an
overhead control quadrant.

The tail gearbox contains a splash-lubricated spiral bevel-gear set which


transmits power to the tail rotor.
It also incorporates the tail rotor pitch control mechanism.
It is equipped with a filler plug / breather, a sight gage and a self-closing
magnetic chip detector.

Flight controls
The Cabri G2 has dual flight controls which includes cyclic stick,
collective stick and pedals.
Left controls are totally removable, without tools, if needed. They can be
stowed in the cabin baggage compartment.
Cyclic and collective controls actuate main rotor blade pitch through
push-pull rods, bellcranks and the swashplate.
Yaw control is transmitted from the pedals to the tail rotor by a long
flexible push-pull control.
The collective stick grip is divided into one fixed part and one twist grip
to enable sensitive throttle control, and to allow governor motion.
The collective stick is equipped with a friction mechanism, which is
controlled by the pilot, without releasing his hands from the controls.
The cyclic sticks have no friction mechanism, but a dual-axis electric
trim, allowing to completely release the static forces in flight.
This trim system is controlled either by the pilot or the copilot, through a
circuit which gives priority to the one who activates it first.

Rotor brake
A rotor brake allows the pilot to stop quickly the rotor after flight. This
rotor brake is mounted on the tail rotor transmission. It is actuated by a
cable connected to a pull handle located above the pilot (yellow handle).

7-4 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Engine installation
Engine
The engine is a four-cylinder, direct-drive, carbureted gasoline engine.
It is installed in the central compartment, suspended through elastomeric
vibration mounts.
It moves slightly to control the main transmission belt tension for clutch
engagement / disengagement.

Clutch
The clutch tension actuator is fed by engine oil pressure through a four-
way distributor, controlled by the CLUTCH switch.
This system is frozen in case the electrical power is shutdown.
A non-return valve maintains the pressure in case of engine stoppage,
or oil pressure loss.
A gas spring maintains the engine disengaged during prolonged stop.
The CLUTCH light lights OFF when the pressure of the oil feeding the
distributor is above 3.6 bar. In the clutched position, it means that the
belt is tensioned. In the declutched position, it means that the clutch
cylinder is on its declutched stop.

Air induction
The engine air intake is located inside the main gearbox compartment,
on the right side. It is fed in fresh air, by the front inlet above the cabin.
A wire screen prevents foreign object ingestion.
The air is ducted down the firewall, to an air filter box, behind the
carburetor.
This air box includes an electrically-actuated butterfly valve, which
controls the carburetor heating, and the air filter.
Both cold and hot air are filtered.
An air intake temperature probe, located inside the air filter, sends the
carburetor inlet temperature to the EPM.
Ignition system
The engine has a dual-plug, mixed ignition system comprising :
One magneto with constant timing,
One solid-state electronic capacitor-discharge system, with
variable timing.
The electronic system is direct-fed by the battery through a dedicated
circuit breaker, located on the cabin breaker panel.

Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-5
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Cooling system
The engine is air-cooled, with an additional oil cooler.
Cooling air enters the upper cowling plenum around the mast and
gearbox. It is forced by a squirrel-cage blower, directly driven by the
engine.
Warm air is exhausted below the engine.

Fuel system
The fuel system comprises :
a single, crash-resistant fuel tank,
an submersed electric booster pump,
the engine-driven pump,
a shut-down valve,
a gascolator.

Vent Filler cap

FUEL TANK Engine pump

P
Cutoff
valve
electrical
pump Pressure sender

Drain Gascolator Flow sender


Drain

7-6 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Electrical circuit
The electrical systems are powered by a 12 V, 25 ampere-hour battery
located in the left engine compartment, and a 13.7 V, 60 A alternator
controlled by a voltage regulator.

A main breaker panel is provided in the cabin, and a secondary breaker


panel is located inside the battery shelter.

Various switches are located on the instrument panel. The MASTER


switch disconnects all the systems from the battery except :
NR lights (BARC) backup,
PLASMA ignition system,
Doors remote control,
the 13.7 V Auxiliary power socket,
Some supplemental equipments (see Section 9 ).

Starting protections
On ground, before clutching, the system prevents from cranking the
engine if :
It is already running,
The anti-theft system is activated.

During flight, the anti-theft system is disabled to permit engine restart in


any situation.

Clutching feature
Clutching is disabled when the rotor brake is applied or seized.

Switches
The instrument panel presents a row of 8 switches, identified by an icon
and their function :

Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-7
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS
Voltage Regulator ALT.
MASTER Master BB Regulator
relay
BB Ammeter
+ Alternator
A+
Master
- + relay

BATTERY Starter
Direct relay Starter
ALT.
battery
Radios & starter
PLASMA
Plasma Interm. Starter
relay
Avionics Ancillaries
Gov.
Electronic Gov. Off
Starting
ignition logic START
B Brake
Doors Lock GOV. U
Oil P.
Magneto Auxiliar
Motor Governor S
inhibition
during starting
-ies MGB T.
Hour Counting
13.7 V. Aux
socket
meter logic EPM ALT.
BARC Hr
backup BB meter

Backup NR EPM Warn light


Normal Alim 1 B
Mute Nav lights
A
BARC Nav. lights
Horn Alim 2
R
BARC
Alim 1 Landing light
main
Landing
NR lights light
Low Fuel Pump
Clutch Strobe, Trim

Strobe light
PUMP CLUTCH Trim
CARB.
HEAT
Clutching 4-way
logic distributor
EPM

Carb. Fuel
heat pump BB Battery breaker
Hot wire

Note : If cabin lights or gyroscopic instruments are installed, refer to


Night VFR supplement description for wiring.

7-8 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Breaker panel
The breaker panel is located on the cabin bulkhead between the two
seats. The breakers are marked to indicate their function. They are of
push-pull type.

Caution : Some systems are grouped on the same breaker.


If a circuit breaker pops-off, wait a few seconds before resetting it.
Do not try twice.

10 10 10 10 5 5 5

Radios Landing Nav lights Strobe EPM Alternator Pump


Starter light Trim Hourmeter Clutch

Landing light Nav. light -Strobe light -Voltage


-Electric trim regulator
-Transponder
-Altitude encoder -EPM -Fuel pump
-COM Radio -BARC #2 supply -Clutch (release)
-Intercom -Hourmeter -Carburetor heating
-Starter relay

5 5 5 5
BARC Ancillaries Warning (Spare) (Spare) (Spare) Plasma
main Governor lights

BARC -Intermediate starter -MGB temp. Plasma


#1 supply relay -ALT. (direct battery)
from BUS -Starter logic -Clutch light
-Very low rotor speed -Oil P.
relay -Brake
-Governor -Gov. Off

Note : The Plasma is the only direct battery breaker on the panel. Other
battery breakers are located in the battery shelter (refer to next
page).
The breaker values are given in Amperes on the breaker.
Note : If cabin lights or gyroscopic instruments are installed, refer to
night VFR supplement (Section 9 ) for breaker panel description.

Issue 02 issue
Original Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-9
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Battery breakers
Four direct battery lines are protected by breakers, located in the battery
shelter.

- Remote door locking,


- Magneto disabling during
5 Auxiliaries cranking function
- 13.7 V Aux. socket
5 Master relay

5 Voltage regulator Voltage reference for alternator regulator

5 BARC backup BARC backup


power supply

Note : They are push breakers except for the Auxiliaries one (refer to
page 7-18).

Instrument panel and console


The standard flight instruments include airspeed indicator, altimeter,
vertical speed indicator, magnetic compass and the EPM.
Space is available for one additional conventional instrument.
Refer to Night VFR supplement (Section 9 )for wide instrument panel
optional.

The basic avionics stack includes a VHF transceiver, transponder and


an intercom.
Space is available for additional equipment.

Emergency locating transmitter


The ELT is located inside the baggage compartment. It is attached to
the main bulkhead by a strap in the lower corner.
The ELT switch should be in ARMED position. Then the 3-position
switch on the breaker panel can be used for remote control :
ON (transmission) enables manual activation of the ELT,
ARMED : stand by mode to enable automatic activation by the
shock sensor. Unless there is an emergency, the switch must
stay in that position.

For additional features, refer to ELT operation manual.

7-10 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Electronic Pilot Monitor - EPM


Flight screen

MLI Engine and rotor Fuel gage /


Multiple limit indicator speed indicator fuel flow

#5

#4

Fire alarm #3
location

#2

#1

Keys

Carburetor Cylinder head Engine oil Engine oil Fuel


temperature temperature temperature pressure pressure

Battery Outside air Exhaust gas Clock Flight time /


charging rate temperature temperature Stopwatch (CHRONO)
CO alarm
Magnetic Chips
and
carburetor heating
message box

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-11


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Starting sequence
The EPM is powered through the MASTER switch. The functioning
synoptic after switching on is as follows :

Master switch ON

Test : Hot start ?


YES NO
Welcome page
active during 3 seconds

#1 Key Configuration
Flight log page #2Key page
active during 4 seconds
Language
Units
Freeze
Hour / Date
page
Dim ratio

Sensors and lines test #1 Key


Alarms or failures during
#1 Key previous flight

Hot start

Flight screen

EPM Shut-off
by switching off Master

Note : Hot start is defined by Rotor in flying mode signal (refer to


page 7-16).
After an unexpected power cut in this condition, the EPM flight
screen recovers within seconds.

Flight log page


This page presents, for each of the last 15 flights :
The date and time of the engine start-up,
The flight time (refer to page 7-14),
The average fuel consumption (refer to page 7-15).

7-12 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Configuration and settings page :

Note : Brightness equalization is used with the instrument panel lighting.


It is set during maintenance.
Sensors and alarms test page :

The amber caution icons indicate failures that were detected during the
last flight.
The amber FAILED indicates a line/sensor failure during the self-test.
Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-13
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Start indicator

In START mode, MLI indicates the throttle position to assist the pilot to
start the engine.
Mode activation when NR 420 RPM
Mode deactivation when NR 300 RPM

Clock - Stopwatch - Flight time counter

The clock is a continuous display. 12 or 24 - hour format can be selected


through configuration page.

The flight time counter is counting the time spent from NR 450 RPM,
and until NR 400 RPM.
It discounts the warming, cooling and briefing times in a flight.
Its display is frozen when NR drops below 400 RPM, and is reset zero
only on the next flight, when NR increases above 450 RPM.

At EPM shutdown, flight time is recorded in the flight log page refer to
page 7-12).

The stopwatch can be activated and started instantly by pressing the #1


key once. It then replaces the flight time display.
The flight time display comes back after 20 s of stopwatch being inactive
at zero, or by pressing #2 key twice from stopped state.

7-14 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Fuel flow modes


Three different fuel flow display modes can be selected, by pressing the
#3 Key cyclically :
- Remaining flight time
- Instantaneous fuel flow
- Average fuel flow

Remaining flight time

Standard mode at startup


Compute approximate flight time to
starvation, based on instantaneous fuel
flow averaged about one minute
Displays -:-- during 2 min after startup

Instantaneous fuel flow

Automatically displayed when


approximate fuel quantity
is below 10 liters (2.6 U.S. gal)

Warning : Do not rely on fuel quantity


indication when caution light is ON or
EPM warning is active.

Average fuel flow

Calculate average flow since flight start,


based on flight time counter
Displays -.- during 2 min after startup
Value at the end of flight is stored in log
page

Issue 01 issue
Original Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-15
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

BARC
BARC (Fuel and rotor alarm device). It is designed as an alternate mean in
case of EPM failure.
It should be preferred in case of doubt.

When the MASTER is switched ON, the BARC conducts a testing sequence
for caution / warning lights on the instrument panel, and the rotor speed
horn.

In case of an electrical bus failure, the BARC can be switched to a direct


battery backup supply.

Main and backup modes Backup mode only


Continuous
Power-off maximum NR threshold
NR 594 RPM
Intermittent horn
Green NR arc
Flashing 515 RPM NR 540 RPM
Power-on maximum NR (red limit)
NR > 540 RPM Also comes ON
at non-flying NR
to prevent from draining
Flashing the battery low.
Power-on minimum NR (red limit)
NR < 515 RPM
Continuous
Power-off minimum NR threshold
NR 466 RPM
Continuous horn

Rotor in flying mode signal

Signal activation when NR 450 RPM


Signal deactivation when NR 400 RPM

7-16 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Switch functions :

Backup mode : BARC is powered directly by the battery.


Central green light is active.

Main mode : Normal operation. Green light is inactive.

Mute : Mutes the continuous NR horn (self reactivation).

LOW FUEL functions :


LOW FUEL light lights on when independent sensor is set off (less than
12 L).
Lighting is signaled by a short tone.
Caution light should be preferred to EPM indication in case of doubt.

Other equipments
Pitot - Static system
The Pitot tube is non-heated. It is located under the helicopter belly.
The static port is located just aft of it.

Engine governor
An electric engine governor helps the pilot control the engine speed.
When engaged, it acts on the twist grip to control throttle.

Once switched-on, the governor engages above 2000 RPM (NR =


400 RPM), and self-disengages below.

The pilot can disengage it by two ways :


Using the GOV switch located on the tip of the collective stick.
The GOV OFF light then comes on,
Forcing the twist-grip to NM < 2000 RPM, for an engine failure
simulation.

At any time, a friction clutch in the governor motor enables the pilot to
overtake it by acting on the twist grip. The pilot can easily disengage the
governor while overtaking its action.

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-17


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Doors lock / Anti-theft


Remote doors lock is provided by a small radio transmitter. It uses a
radio security-code to control the cabin doors locks, and enable/disable
the engine starter.

Note : The starter is enabled when the Rotor in flying mode signal is
active (see page 7-16), whatever the antitheft state.

The antitheft can be disabled (starter enabled) if not needed :


Peel-off the CODE label on the left side of the central
console, below the instrument console. Locate the small 8-
switch line,
Key the 8-bit helicopter individual security code : 1 is up, 0 is
down
To activate the antitheft back, just scramble the switches.

If the transmitter is not operative, following procedure permits to fly :


Locate the backup key lock on the right firewall, above the
Gascolator,
Open the baggage door, using the backup key,
From the baggage door, reach the right cabin door lock,
From the right seat, open the left door lock,
Use above procedure to disable the anti-theft.

Note : The remote door locking circuit has a very small standby current
drain. However, when storing the helicopter for more than a month, pull
the Auxiliaries battery breaker, inside the battery shelter.

Lights
The helicopter is equipped with :
a strobe light atop vertical fin,
navigation lights on fuselage sides,
a landing light in the nose.

7-18 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original


Issue
issue
02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

Cabin and amenities


Baggage compartments
A 200 liter baggage compartment is provided in the right side of the
fuselage.
It can accept two standard trolley cabin suitcases.
It is accessible from the outside, through a hinged door, and from the
cabin through a small access hole, limited to soft objects.

Another baggage compartment is provided in the cabin, to stow the


removable passenger controls, and some small cabin baggage :
camera, drink, etc.
It is accessible from a small door in front of the passenger pedals. It
features a cigarette-lighter socket for auxiliary power output.

Soft baggage like clothes can be stowed under the stroking seats.

Ventilation and heating


Each door has an adjustable fresh air vent.
For a better ventilation at lower airspeeds, and particularly in a hover,
doors must be partially opened during flight using the cord strap.

A cabin heater / defogger is provided. It takes its air from the engine
cooling blower.
The control knob is located between the two seats, on the central
console.
In case of fire, shutting the heater off prevents fire from crossing the
firewall through heating system.

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 7-19


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 7
CABRI G2 SYSTEMS DESCRIPTIONS

INTENTIONALLY BLANK

7-20 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 8
CABRI G2 HANDLING AND SERVICING

Section 8 Handling and servicing


GENERAL ..................................................................................................... 8-1
FUEL............................................................................................................ 8-1
ENGINE OIL ................................................................................................... 8-1
GEARBOXES OIL ............................................................................................ 8-1
GROUND HANDLING ....................................................................................... 8-1
PARKING AND TIE-DOWN ................................................................................ 8-2
JUMP-STARTING THE ENGINE .......................................................................... 8-2

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 8-i


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 8
CABRI G2 HANDLING AND SERVICING

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8-ii Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 8
CABRI G2 HANDLING AND SERVICING

General
This section outlines procedures recommended for handling and
maintaining the Cabri G2. Every Cabri G2 owner should stay in contact with
Hlicoptres Guimbal or approved source to obtain the latest service and
maintenance information.

Fuel
Refer to page 2-5 for approved fuel.
Refueling while the engine or the rotor are turning is forbidden.
Fuel tank may be topped-off. A slight increase in maximum tank capacity is
possible by refueling with the left ground handling wheel installed alone.
Fuel gage will still function in this case, with the same accuracy.

Engine oil
Refer to page 2-5 for approved oil types and quantities.
Check oil level with the dipstick.

Gearboxes oil
Refer to page 2-5 for approved oil.
For both main and tail gearboxes :
Check oil level while helicopter is sitting on a horizontal surface, without
ground handling wheels.
Add oil when level is below red circle (1/3rd diameter).

Ground handling
Use only approved ground handling wheels on dedicated attachment points.
Use the vertical tail gearbox support tube as a handle to raise the helicopter
nose and maneuver.

Caution : Do not use the shroud structure as a handle. The tail rotor blades
may be damaged and could cause fingers injury.

Additional people can push the helicopter on the engine cowlings or main
gear bow.

Original issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 8-1


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 8
CABRI G2 HANDLING AND SERVICING

Parking and tie-down


Parking the helicopter on a soft surface may cause it to tilt back due to aft
center of gravity when empty. In case of doubt, for long time parking, place
a hard piece of wood beneath the skid aft tips before removing the wheels.

Tie-down should only be done by straps attaching the landing gear.

Avoid leaving the helicopter exposed to direct sunlight without shielding the
canopy with external cover or internal survival blanket.

Tie the blades with appropriate straps in case of strong wind or high gusts.
Keep the straps loose to avoid stressing the blades.

Jump-starting the engine


Jump-starting the engine is an acceptable practice in case of a low battery.
Only use 12V lead acid battery for jump starting. Proceed in following order:
1. Connect the red cable to helicopter battery plus,
2. Connect it to the external battery plus,
3. Connect the black cable to helicopter battery ground,
4. Connect it to the external battery ground,
5. Start the engine (with left cowling open),
6. Remove in opposite order.

Caution : a dead battery is not airworthy and should not be jump started.

8-2 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

Section 9 Supplements

List of supplements and optionals


Incompatibility of operation
Effect on performance data

GPS............................................................................................................ 9-1
NIGHT VFR .................................................................................................. 9-2
AIR CONDITIONING ......................................................................................... 9-9
POP-OUT FLOATS .......................................................................................... 9-9

Important note

The information contained herein supplements or supersedes the information


given in the basic flight manual and/or flight manual supplements listed above

Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 9-i
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

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Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

GPS

1. General

This supplement details data specific for approved GPS.


The following GPS are approved on Cabri G2 :
- GARMIN GNS 430W for night and day VFR
- BENDIX / KING KMD 150 for day VFR

2. Limitations

GARMIN GNS 430W


The GPS use is limited to VFR in sight of the ground.
This label should appear on or next to the GPS.

GPS database information correctness is not ensured. The pilot should


therefore check its accuracy with respect to approved documentation.

BENDIX / KING KMD 150


The GPS use is limited to day VFR in sight of the ground.
This label should appear on or next to the GPS.

Position integrity given by the GPS is not ensured. The pilot should
therefore check its accuracy through other navigation means available.

GPS user manual should be on board.

7. Description

Refer to GPS user manual.

If a CDI is installed together with the GNS 430W, refer to GPS user manual
for information on use.

Original
Issue 02 issue EASA
Approved underApproved
DOA EASA.21J.211 9-1
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

Night VFR

1. General

This supplement applies specifically to the Night VFR version of the


Cabri G2.
If only part of the required optional equipments are installed, the
configuration is approved for day VFR only. This supplement then also
provides information on these equipments.

In order to be approved for night VFR, the Cabri G2 must feature the
following equipments :
Instrument panel lights, with backup mode in direct battery,
Two lights to read maps, controlled through a switch on the
overhead control module. This same switch also controls the
instrument panel lighting backup mode,
Wide instrument panel,
Three gyroscopic instruments installed as per this supplement
(Refer to page 9-5) :
- Artificial horizon,
- Directional gyroscope,
- Turn coordinator.
In addition, the specific night vision filter should be positioned on EPM screen
to prevent disturbing reflections in the windshield.

Note : Additional equipment may be required by approved operational


regulation.

2. Limitations

Category of operation : This helicopter is approved for night and day VFR.
The corresponding placard should be in clear view of the occupants :

Placard for overhead cabin lights switch :

9-2 EASA
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DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue
Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

3. Emergency procedures

In case of an electrical failure causing the loss of instrument panel lighting,


the pilot should activate the BACKUP / MAP LIGHTS switch.

In case of an Artificial horizon failure (OFF flag), the pilot should refer to the
turn coordinator which is powered in direct battery through the PLASMA
ignition switch.

Each gyroscopic instruments is equipped with a red flag which appears


when the instrument is inoperative. In this case, the pilot should no longer
trust the indications of the corresponding instrument.

Caution : In case of an alternator failure (ALT light on, or charge indicator in


the yellow zone), the pilot should limit the remaining flight time to 30
minutes.

Original
Issue 02 issue EASA
Approved underApproved
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Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

4. Normal procedures

Day VFR procedures still apply. The following actions should be added for
night VFR flight :

Before starting engine


MAP / BACKUP LIGHTS .................... Switch ON during starting procedure
EPM night vision filter ......................................................................installed
Caution : If the night flight is started during the day, the filter should be
placed within pilots reach.

Starting the engine


Once the engine is started :
NAV. LT ....................................................................................... Switch ON
MAP / BACKUP LIGHTS ........................................................... Switch OFF
EPM / instrument panel light brightness .............................................Adjust

Before take-off
Artificial horizon .......................................... Cage if the ground is horizontal
Otherwise, it should be caged in stabilized straight level flight
Landing light ................................................................................ Switch ON
Caution : Translation close to the ground should be carried out at very low
speed in order to be able to stop as soon as an obstacle is detected. Zones
with lighted markers should be preferred.

Climb
Landing light ................................... Switch OFF 200 feet above the ground

Cruise and/or level flight


Directional gyroscope ..............................................................Regularly set
according to compass reading in straight level flight, as needed
Artificial horizon ............... Cage in stabilized straight level flight, as needed

Approach and landing


Landing light ............................... Switch ON in final approach, above 200 ft

Shutdown
MAP / BACKUP LIGHTS ............. Switch OFF before leaving the helicopter
Note :
The directional gyroscope and the artificial horizon are powered when
MASTER switch is ON,
The turn coordinator is powered in direct battery when the PLASMA is
switched ON.

9-4 EASA
Approved under Approved
DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue
Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

7. Systems description

Instrument panel

The instrument panel for night VFR is the wide version.


Gyroscopic instruments are installed on the upper part of the panel and
combined with current instruments as shown :

Turn
coordinator
EPM
Night
Directional vision
gyro filter

Altimeter

Airspeed
Artificial indicator
Horizon

Optional
Vertical
speed
indicator

Artificial horizon and directional gyroscope are powered through the Master
relay.

The turn coordinator is powered in direct battery through the Plasma ignition
overhead switch.

The night vision filter reduces EPM brightness in direct vision and most
notably after reflection in the windshield.

Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 9-5
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

Cabin lighting

The instrument panel is lighted by


four LEDs embedded in the
overhead control module.

They are powered by activation of


the navigation lights (NAV. LT
switch).

EPM + & - keys enable to


adjust panel light and EPM
backlight level at the same time.
The ratio between the two can be
set : refer to maintenance manual.
Instrument panel lights

White reading lights are embedded in the


overhead module and controlled by a three-
position switch.
L / OFF / R

Map and backup lights

9-6 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

Electrical system

Night VFR configuration :


ALT.

MASTER Regulator

Ammeter
+ A+ Alternator
Master
- + relay

BATTERY
Horizon
Directional ALT.

Horizon
PLASMA B
Plasma U
Electronic Directional S
ignition Gyro
Turn coord.
Cabin lights
Turn
B
coordinator Inst panel EPM A
lights
R
Cabin
lights Nav. lights
NAV. LT

Note : Common circuit is in gray while night VFR supplement is in black.

Original
Issue 02 issue Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 9-7
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

Breaker panel

Two breakers are added to the breaker panel, one in direct battery and the
other on the main bus :

BARC Ancillaries Warning Horizon (Spare) Turn coord. Plasma


main -- lights -- --
Governor Directional Cabin lights

- Artificial horizon - Turn coord. Plasma


- Directional Gyro - Cabin lights (direct battery)
(direct battery)

9-8 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

Air conditioning

Not applicable.

Pop-out floats

Not applicable.

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Hlicoptres Guimbal SECTION 9
CABRI G2 SUPPLEMENTS

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9-10 Approved under DOA EASA.21J.211 Original issue


Issue 02
Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2

Comfort in Autorotation Belongs to Rotor Inertia


Hlicoptres Guimbal
CABRI G2

INTENTIONALLY BLANK