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SKEMA JAWAPAN FINAL BSM 2922 @ BWM 20505 SEMESTER II 2010/2011

QUESTION 1

a) f ( x) dx = 1
-
1 3 4
kx dx + k dx + k (4 - x) dx = 1
0 1 3
M1
1 4
x2 x2
[ ]
3
k
+ kx 1
+ 4
kx - k = 1 M1
2 0 2
3

1
k= A1
3

1x 31
b) P ( x < 3) = dx + dx M1
0 3 1 3

1 3
x 2 x
= + M1
6 0 31

5
= A1
6

1 x 3 1 4 1
c ) E ( x) = ( x)( ) dx + ( x)( ) dx + ( x) (4 - x) dx M1
0 3 1 3 3
3
1 3 4
x 3 x 2 4 x 2 x3
= + + - M1
9 0 6 1 6 9 3

=2 A1

d ) E (2 + 10 x) = 2 + 10[ E ( x)] M1
= 2 + 10(2) M1
= 22 A1
e) Var ( x) = E ( x 2 ) - [ E ( x)]2
1 x 3 1 4 1
E ( x2 ) = ( x 2 )( ) dx + ( x 2 )( ) dx + ( x 2 ) (4 - x ) dx M1
0 3 1 3 3
3
1 3 4
x 4 x 3 4 x3 x 4
= + + - M1
12 0 9 1 9 12 3

29
= @ 4.8333 A1
6
29
Var ( x ) = - [2]2 M1
6
5
= A1
6

f ) Var (4 + 8 x) = 82 Var ( x) M1
5
= 82 M1
6
160
= @ 53.3333 A1
3

QUESTION 2

a ) x ~ P0 (5) M1
e -5 (54 )
i ) P ( x = 4) = M1
4!
= 0.1755 A1

ii ) 1 hour = 5
2 hour = 10, so x ~ P0 (10) M1

P ( x 4) = 0.9897 M1 A1
b) m = 60, s2 = 70, x ~ N (60, 70) M1
65 - 60
i ) P( x > 65) = P z > M1
70
= P ( z > 0.60) @ R(0.5976)
= 0.2743 @ 0.27505 A1

50 - 60 70 - 60
ii ) P (50 < x < 70) = P <z< M1
70 70
= P(-1.20 < z < 1.20) @ 1 - R (1.1952) - R(1.1952) M1
= 1 - 2[ P( z > 1.20)]
= 0.7696 @ 0.768 A1

c ) n1 = 30, n2 = 50
m1 = 78 m 2 = 75
s 12 = 150 s 2 2 = 200,

m x1 - x2 = m1 - m 2 = 78 - 75 = 3 A1

150 200
sx -x = + =3 M1
1 2
30 50

x ~ N (3,32 ) M1

4.8 - 3
M1 P ( x1 - x2 4.8) = P z M1
3
= P ( z 0.60) @ R(0.60) M1
= 0.2743 @ 0.27425 A1
QUESTION 3

a ) n1 = 13, n2 = 11
x1 = 80.95 x2 = 63.23
s1 = 9.59 s2 = 5.96,
a
a = 1 - 0.95 = 0.05 = 0.025
2
2
9.592 5.962
+
13 11
v= 2 2
M1
9.592 5.96 2

13 + 11
12 10
= 20.36 20 A1
t0.025,20 = 2.086 A1
x1 - x2 = 80.95 - 63.23 = 17.72 A1
9.592 5.962
sx -x = + = 3.2099 M1
1 2
13 11
(17.72) (2.086)(3.2099) M1
(11.0241,24.4159) A2

a
b) n = 11, s = 5.96, a = 1 - 0.95 = 0.05 = 0.025
2
(n - 1) s 2 (n - 1) s 2
s 2

X 2 s / 2,v X 21- s / 2,v
v = n - 1 = 11 - 1 = 10 A1
X 2
0.025,10 = 20.483 A1
X 20.975,10 = 3.247 A1
(11 - 1)(5.96) 2 (11 - 1)(5.96) 2
s2 M1
20.483 3.247
17.3420 s 109.3982
2
A2
a
c) n1 = 13, s1 = 9.59, a = 1 - 0.95 = 0.05 = 0.025
2
n2 = 11, s2 = 5.96,
v1 = n1 - 1 = 13 - 1 = 12
v2 = n2 - 1 = 11 - 1 = 10
f s / 2,v 2,v1 = f 0.025,10,12 = 3.37 A1
1 1 1
= = = 0.2762 A1
f s / 2,v1,v 2 f 0.025,12,10 3.62
s12 1 s12 s12
. . f s / 2,v 2,v1
s2 2 f s / 2,v1,v 2 s 2 2 s2 2
9.592
= 2.5891 M1
5.962
9.592 s12 9.592
(0.2762) (3.37) M1
5.962 s 2 2 5.962
s12
0.7151 2 8.7252 A2
s2
QUESTION 4

a ) n1 = n2 = 6, n2 = 11
x1 = 77.4 x2 = 72.2
s1 = 3.3 s2 = 2.1
Step 1: H 0 : m1 = m2
H1 : m1 m2
Step 2 : Two - tailed test. Case E.
a / 2 = 0.01/ 2 = 0.005 A1
v = 2(n - 1) = 2(5) = 10 A1
Critical value: Tc < -3.169 or Tc > 3.169 A1
Decision rule: Reject H 0 if the Ttest falls in the rejection regions, Tc < -3.169 or Tc > 3.169 M1
Step 3 :
( x1 - x2 ) - ( m1 - m2 )
Ttest =
1 2
( s1 + s2 2 )
n
(77.4 - 72.2) - 0
= M1
1
(3.32 + 2.12 )
6
= 3.2563 A1
Step 4 : Reject H 0 A1
Step 5 : There is enough evidence to support the claim that there is a significant difference
in both populations. B1
b) n1 = 8, n2 = 8
s1 = 2.6774 s2 = 3.2100 A2
Step 1: H 0 : s12 = s2 2
H1 : s12 s2 2 M1
Step 2 : Two - tailed test.
a / 2 = 0.05 / 2 = 0.025 A1
v1 = v2 = 8 - 1 = 7 A1
Critical value: Fc = f 0.025,7,7 = 4.99 A1
1 1
= = 0.2004 A1
f 0.025,7,7 4.99
Decision rule: Reject H 0 if the Ftest falls in the rejection regions, Fc < 0.2004 or Fc > 4.99 M1
Step 3 :
s12 2.67742
Ftest = = M1
s2 2 3.212
= 0.6957 A1
Step 4 : Do not reject H 0 A1
Step 5 : There is not enough evidence to support the claim that there is a significant difference
in variances of bacteria count between carpeted and uncarpeted rooms. B1

QUESTION 5
a) By using the calculator, we have

x = 647 , x 2
= 44279 , y = 656 , y 2
= 44884 , xy = 44435 A2
n = 10 ,

Sum of squares:
(647)(656)
S xy = 44435 - = 1991.8 M1
10
(647) 2
S xx = 44279 - = 2418.1 M1
10
(656) 2
S yy = 44884 - = 1850.4 M1
10

Therefore,
1991.8
b1 = = 0.8237 M1
2418.1
647 656
x= = 64.7 , y = = 65.6 , b0 = 65.6 - (0.82)(64.7) = 12.3066 M1
10 10
The fitted linear regression line is,
y = 12.3066 + 0.8237 x A1

b) b1 = 0.8237
This means the score of Test 1 increased by one mark, the score of Test 2 would increase by 0.8237
marks. A1

When x = 60 ,
y = 12.3066 + 0.8237(60) = 61.7286 A1

If he scored 60 marks in Test 1, then he would obtain 61.7286 marks in Test 2. A1

c) To determine the linear relationship of Test 1 and Test 2, the hypothesis to be tested is:

H 0 : b1 = 0
M1
H1 : b1 0

b1
The t-statistic is t =
Var ( b1 )
Where
S - b1S xy 1
Var ( b1 ) = yy
n-2
S xx
1850.4 - (0.8237)(1991.8) 1
= = 0.0108 A1
8 2418.1

Hence,
b1 0.8237
t= = = 7.9261 A1
Var ( b1 ) 0.0108
The critical t-value for a = 0.05 and ( n - 2) = (10 - 2) = 8 degrees of freedom is
t 0.025 ,8 = 2.306 . Compare the t-statistic 7.9261 with t 0.025,8 = 2.306 . A1
Since t-statistic > 0.025,8
t = 2.306 , we reject H 0 and conclude b1 0 . A1
Hence, Test 1 is linearly related to Test 2. A1

d) To determine Pearson correlation coefficient:

S xy 1991.8
r= = = 0.9416 M1 A1
S xx S yy ( 2418.1)(1850.4)
There are a strong positive relationship between the marks obtained in Test 1 and Test 2. A1