You are on page 1of 51

Confidential

1 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

1
Nokia Siemens Networks
Academy
Legal notice

Intellectual Property Rights


All copyrights and intellectual property rights for Nokia Siemens Networks training
documentation, product documentation and slide presentation material, all of which are forthwith
known as Nokia Siemens Networks training material, are the exclusive property of Nokia
Siemens Networks. Nokia Siemens Networks owns the rights to copying, modification,
translation, adaptation or derivatives including any improvements or developments. Nokia
Siemens Networks has the sole right to copy, distribute, amend, modify, develop, license,
sublicense, sell, transfer and assign the Nokia Siemens Networks training material. Individuals
can use the Nokia Siemens Networks training material for their own personal self-development
only, those same individuals cannot subsequently pass on that same Intellectual Property to
others without the prior written agreement of Nokia Siemens Networks. The Nokia Siemens
Networks training material cannot be used outside of an agreed Nokia Siemens Networks
training session for development of groups without the prior written agreement of Nokia
Siemens Networks.

Confidential
2 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

2
Module 4 - Flexi EDGE BTS
Combining Options and Configurations

Minimum and Maximum configurations


Capacity Expansion Steps
RF Cabling
Combining Options

Confidential
3 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

3
Contents

Objectives
Introduction to Configurations
Terminology, abbreviations, and schematic format explained
Allowed Configurations (Rules) and categories of configurations
Combining Bypass Configurations
Common Configurations (wideband combining)
Cost vs Capacity Configurations (example 3+3)
Smart Radio Concept (SRC) Configurations*
Remote Tune Combiner (RTC) configurations
Exercises paper-based
Exercises Hands-on

SRC configurations are not possible until Flexi EDGE EP2/ BSC S13
software releases. However they will be covered in theory.
Confidential
4 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

4
Flexi EDGE BTS Configurations 1: Theoretical
Objectives
After completion of this module the participant will be able to:
Name the 5 main combining options
List the modules required for various common configurations
Describe the Nokia Smart Radio configurations
Describe the differences between Cost-optimised and Upgrade-optimised
configurations

Confidential
5 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

In this module, we are going to deal mainly with the so-called internal cabling
i.e., the RF cabling between modules, such as between Wideband
Combiner, DTRX and DDU.
The so-called External cables, providing grounding, power and bus are
introduced in the Module Installation and Cabling part of this training (Module
3)
Transmission connectivity is discussed in Module 1- Introduction and
somewhat in Module 5-Integration

** The bullet point Explain the differences under Practical should be


described (read out) as Explain the differences between the combining
options Double Power TRX, By-pass combining, 2-way combining, 4-way
combining, 6-way Remote Tune Combining (RTC) and Intelligent Downlink
Diversity (IDD) and 4-way uplink diversity just too big to fit the slide

Only if there are special cases (for example, connecting a Remote Tune
Combiner ECxA) will external cables be discussed

5
Flexi EDGE BTS Configurations 2: Practical
Objectives
After completion of this module the participant will be able to:
Examine for correctly installed Flexi EDGE BTS
Identify the interfaces and connectors of the Flexi EDGE BTS
Examine for correctly installed cables on the Flexi EDGE BTS
Describe the Flexi EDGE BTS sector/TRX configuration options
Explain the differences between the combining options Double Power
TRX, By-pass combining, 2-way combining, 4-way combining, 6-way
Remote Tune Combining (RTC) and Intelligent Downlink Diversity (IDD)
and 4-way uplink diversity
Annotate, on a diagram the bus, power and RF cable routing in
configurations specified by the instructor
Create physical configurations as specified by the instructor
Create a list of the required modules and ancillary components for the
configurations above

Confidential
6 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

In this module, we are going to deal mainly with the so-called internal cabling
i.e., the RF cabling between modules, such as between Wideband
Combiner, DTRX and DDU.
The so-called External cables, providing grounding, power and bus are
introduced in the Module Installation and Cabling part of this training (Module
3)
Transmission connectivity is discussed in Module 1- Introduction and
somewhat in Module 5-Integration

** The bullet point Explain the differences under Practical should be


described (read out) as Explain the differences between the combining
options Double Power TRX, By-pass combining, 2-way combining, 4-way
combining, 6-way Remote Tune Combining (RTC) and Intelligent Downlink
Diversity (IDD) and 4-way uplink diversity just too big to fit the slide

Only if there are special cases (for example, connecting a Remote Tune
Combiner ECxA) will external cables be discussed

6
Combining options and dual band for Flexi
EDGE
To minimize the number of antennas and maximize coverage and
capacity, Flexi EDGE BTS supports wideband and RTC combining
Five main combining options:
By-pass combining
2-way combining
4-way combining
6-way Remote Tune Combining (RTC)
Double Power (DPTRX)
Flexi EDGE supports dual band configurations required in ANSI and ETSI
markets:
GSM 800/1800
GSM 800/1900
GSM 900/1800

Confidential
7 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Dual band configs that are supported by BSC S12

7
Rules and Exceptions

There are many rules and exceptions to be followed when creating


configurations.
Examples of these rules are

DDU (ERxA) and DTRX (EXxA) split into two different sectors in 1 no diversity (1UD) configuration shall be supported via
RF CAD or SCF Overrule
Unspecified configurations1) may get supported via SCF Overrule, but not by RF CAD
One RTC cannot be split between sectors. One DTRX or DDU cant be split between 2 sectors except as per rules 1. and
17.
4a. DTRX RX1 must be connectoed to one of RTC Rx1-3 connectors, and RX2 must be connected to RTC Rx4-6
connectors
4b. etc etc etc etc..

These rules are found in the document included in the training material named:
FLEXI EDGE BTS
BTS HW CONFIGURATIONS AND RULES
REQUIREMENT SPECIFICATION
Referred to as The Rules in the training.

Confidential
8 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Note this document referred to here is currently an internal Nokia/NSN


document. It will be available on NOLS once approved. It will be required to
understand this document, and will be provided as part of the course
material.

8
Categories of Configurations

Recommended Configurations
These configurations are defined in the Rules document,
and product definition. These have been tested.
Supported Configurations
Supported, but gives little benefit.
Untested Configurations
Rare requirements, which have not been tested.
Invalid configurations
Either rejected by the Element Manager, or do not obey the
Rules document referred to earlier

Confidential
9 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

(Second Bullet): Supported Configurations: Something like IDD with Antenna


Hopping.
Question Why? (Dont expect many to figure this out)
Answer: They provide much the same thing Antenna Hopping provides
Spatial Diversity, and IDD could be looked on as providing much the same.
Extra gain isnt cost-effective.
(Third bullet): Untested Configurations: Example might be something weird
like Satellite Abis with DPTRX or RF CAD together with unusual
configurations
(Fourth Bullet: Invalid Configurations: Example IDD with RTC
Question (Again, not everyone will know) Whats wrong with
that?
Answer IDD requires low correlation between the two TX
paths. RTC would give a very high correlation between the two TRX paths.
Therefore IDD and RTC are mutually exclusive

In IDD, we transmit through two separate transmitters and two different


antennas.

9
Introduction to Configurations

Flexi EDGE BTS is optimised for high capacity as well as high


coverage
Configuration scalability is very large
Many configurations from very small to huge
Flexible expansion capability
Expansion designed to minimise traffic disruption
Sector-by-sector expansion means traffic in the whole BTS is
impacted to a minimum
Flexible combining options
Operators are sensitive to the number of antennas
This course module can only cover some of the possibilities!

Confidential
10 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

We cant possibly cover all of the configurations. The next four slides show
some of the possibilities that are likely to be used in standard configurations..
What well try to do in the training is to make clear the concept of the
configurations so that other configurations that will be met in the field can be
understood.

Only one sector blocked at a time when expanding.

10
One Sector configuration table
#of Combining # of # of # of # of # of height # of
carriers EXxA ERxA ECxA ESMA ESEA antennas
1 By-pass 1UD 1 1 0 1 0 3HU 1
1-2 By-pass 2UD 1 1 0 1 0 3HU 2
2 2-way 1UD 1) 1 1 0 1 0 3HU 1
3 By-pass 2UD 2 2 0 1 0 6HU 3
4 By-pass 2UD 2 2 0 1 0 6HU 4
3-4 4-way 1UD 1) 2 1 0 1 0 5HU 1
1 By-pass DP 2UD 1 1 0 1 0 3HU 2
2 By-pass DP 2UD 2 1 0 1 0 5HU 2
3 By-pass DP 2UD or 3 2 0 1 0 8HU 3 or 4
4UD
4 By-pass DP 2UD or 4 2 0 1 0 10HU 4
4UD
1-2 By-pass SRC 1) or 2 2 0 1 0 6HU 4
DP 4UD
3-4 2-way 2UD 2 1 0 1 0 5HU 2
5-6 4-way 2UD 3 1 0 1 0 7HU 2
7-8 4-way 2UD 4 1 0 1 0 9HU 2
Up to 12 RTC Up to 0 Up to 1 1 Up to 2
6 2 20HU
1) supported with SCF overrule 2) SRC==IDD+4UD
Confidential
11 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

For the next four slides, comment as necessary. See if a student pricks his
ears up at a particular configuration, or maybe a vote. This could be
concentrated on in the exercises more. Explain that some of these
configurations arent possible with EP1 software.

Some check questions to maintain interest here would be an idea. Maybe


blank the slideshow (hit w on the keyboard) and see if the students can
work out how many (e.g. DTRX, or WBCs) are needed for a couple of
configurations.

11
Stack configuration table
Configuration Combining # of # of # of # of # of Max # of
EXxA ERxA EWxA ESMA FPAA Height 1) Antennas

1 to 2 omni By-pass 2UD 1 1 0 1 1 9HU 2


3 to 4 omni 2-way 2UD 2 1 2 1 1 11HU 2
5 to 6 omni 4-way 2UD 3 1 6 1 2 13HU 2
7 to 8 omni 4-way 2UD 4 1 6 1 2 15HU 2
1+1 By-pass 1UD 1 1 0 1 1 9HU 2
1+1 or 2+2 By-pass 2UD 2 2 0 1 1 12HU 4
3+3 By-pass 2UD 3 2 4 1 2 14HU 4
4+4 By-pass 2UD 4 2 4 1 2 16HU 4
1+1+1 or 2+2+2 By-pass 2UD 3 3 0 1 2 15HU 6
3+3+3 2-way 2UD 5 2) 3 6 1 3 19HU 6
4+4+4 2-way 2UD 6 3 6 1 3 21HU 6
1+1+1 By-pass DP 2UD 3 3 3 1 2 15HU 6
2+2+2 By-pass DP 2UD 6 3 6 1 3 21HU 6
1+1+1 or 2+2+2 By-pass DP or 6 6 3 or 6 1 0 21HU 12
SRC 3) 4UD
2+2+2/2+2+2 dual By-pass 2UD 6 6 0 1 0 21HU 12
band

1) Assuming built for Cost-optimised. Upgrade-optimised needs 6 x EXxA. 2) SRC==IDD+4UD 3) Inc. FPMA

Confidential
12 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Maybe a check question depending on the geographical region Which


configurations couldnt YOU use here? meaning in the country the training
is taking place.

Zone 2 earthquake areas are: (Google for them in advance, then fill in the
notes according to the locale)
. Wikipedias page at
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:India_earthquake_zone_map_en.svg is a
good one for India, for instance)

Zone 4 earthquake areas are: (e.g., areas on San Andreas fault i.e., parts
of California, Japan (e.g., Kobe), Indonesia, Alaska, etc

12
Pole and Wall mount configuration table
Configuration Combining # of # of # of # of # of # of # of
EXxA ERxA EWxA ESMA FPAA stacks antennas

1 to 2 omni By-pass 2UD 1 1 0 1 1 1 2


3 to 4 omni 2-way 2UD 2 1 2 1 1 2 2
5 to 6 omni 4-way 2UD 3 1 6 1 2 2 2
7 to 8 omni 4-way 2UD 4 1 6 1 2 3 2
1+1 By-pass 1UD 1 1 0 1 1 1 2
1+1 or 2+2 By-pass 2UD 2 2 0 1 1 2 4
3+3 By-pass 2UD 3 2 4 1 2 2 4
4+4 By-pass 2UD 4 2 4 1 2 3 4
1+1+1 or 2+2+2 By-pass 2UD 3 3 0 1 2 2 6
3+3+3 2-way 2UD 5 3 6 1 3 3 6
4+4+4 2-way 2UD 6 3 6 1 3 4 6
1+1+1 By-pass DP 2UD 3 3 3 1 2 2 6
2+2+2 By-pass DP 2UD 6 3 6 1 3 4 6
1+1+1 or 2+2+2 By-pass DP or 6 6 3 or 6 1 3 4 12
SRC 4UD
2+2+2 /2+2+2 By-pass 6 6 0 1 3 4 12
dual band

Confidential
13 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

13
Indoor or Outoor cabinet configuration table
Configuration Combining EXxAs ERxAs ECxAs ESMAs ESEAs height antenna

1 to 2 omni By-pass 2UD 1 1 0 1 0 6HU 2


3 to 4 omni 2-way 2UD 2 1 0 1 0 8HU 2
5 to 6 omni 4-way 2UD 3 1 0 1 0 10HU 2
7 to 8 omni 4-way 2UD 4 1 0 1 0 12HU 2
1 to 6 omni RTC 2UD 1 to 3 0 1 1 1 19HU 2
7 to 12 omni RTC 2UD 4 to 6 0 2 1 1 29HU* 2
1+1 By-pass 1UD 1 1 0 1 0 6HU 2
1+1 or 2+2 By-pass 2UD 2 2 0 1 0 9HU 4
3+3 By-pass 2UD 3 2 0 1 0 11HU 4
4+4 By-pass 2UD 4 2 0 1 0 13HU 4
1+1+1 or 2+2+2 By-pass 2UD 3 3 0 1 0 12HU 6
3+3+3 2-way 2UD 5 3 0 1 0 16HU 6
4+4+4 2-way 2UD 6 3 0 1 0 18HU 6
1+1+1 By-pass DP 2UD 3 3 0 1 0 12HU 6
2+2+2 By-pass DP 2UD 6 3 0 1 0 18HU 6
1+1+1 or 2+2+2 By-pass DP or 6 6 0 1 0 21HU* 12
SRC 4UD
6+6+6 RTC 2UD 9 0 3 1 1 36HU* 6
12 RTC 2UD 6 0 2 1 1 29HU* 2
12+6 RTC 2UD 9 0 3 1 1 36HU* 4
8+8+8 4-way 2UD 12 3 0 1 1 33HU* 6

* Two cabinets required


Confidential
14 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

14
Configurations in this material

Common Configurations
1 TRX 1UD Simplest configuration
2 TRX bypass, 2UD
4+4+4, 2UD
3+3 Cost-Optimised
3+3 Upgrade Optimised
Large Configuration
8+8+8 4-way combining, 2UD, single cabinet
6+6+6 RTC (one sector only shown)
New features /SRC
1+1+1 DP 2UD
2+2+2 IDD 4UD

Confidential
15 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

15
Common Configurations

Confidential
16 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

16
Terminology and abbreviations - 1

Combiner Bypass
2-Way Two TX signals into one Antenna
4-Way Four TX signals into one Antenna

Dual Remote Tune


Antenna(s) Wideband Combiners Duplexer Combiner (RTC)

WBC
X

Duplexer
Cavities

Duplexer
LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
Dual TRXs LNA
coupler

RX filter
TX1 LNA+
Main LNA+
RX1 Multi-

Duplexer
Div Multi- coupler

Duplexer
RX2 Main LNA
coupler
TX2 Div
LNA+

RX filter
Main
Div Multi-
= Main of RX1 is used as coupler
Main Diverse of RX2 and vice-versa
Div

Confidential
17 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Combiner Bypass could ba called Combiner Surprise the surprise being


there aint no combiner!

17
Terminology and abbreviations - 2

CAD cable auto detection Borrowed RX Diversity A TRX


receives an RX signal through one of the
DP Double Power RX DIV ports connected to a DDU, which
IDD Intelligent Downlink Diversity is not the same DDU as the
corresponding TRX transmits through.
DTRX Dual TRX (=EXxA) SCF Overrule RF cbles can be
DPTRX Dual TRX configured in autodetected with CAD, or they can be
Double Power mode defined during commissioning. If during
commissioning they are defined as SCF
HU Height Unit Overrule, the cable information is
DDU Dual Duplexer Unit (=ERxA) defined from the commissioning
information
SCF Site Configuration File. More
detail in the module Commissioning SRC Smart Radio Concept. IDD used
with 4UD
1UD, 2UD, 4UD n-way Uplink (Rx)
Diversity where 1UD is really no UD.
4UD requires setting up in the BSC
also, and is a Licenced feature

Confidential
18 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Source of Borrowed RX Diversity is terms and definitions page (p7) from


the Rules document
In previous nomenclature, the format for modules which could vary according
to the band in use was (e.g.) ER_A, where x was one of the (sub) bands
D,G,H,J,P,T. Although this still exists in some documentation, the format
preferred nowadays is ERxA, where the x replaces the underscore
character

18
1 TRX, no diversity.
Simplest possible configuration

Confidential
19 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

Unit suitable for wall, pole or stack, as it only takes 2*3U casings, assuming
no extra power requirements. This could be simply expanded to 1+1 with
2UD

19
1-TRX Combining Bypass, 1UD schematic

Simplest possible configuration.

Antenna
Dual
Dual TRX Duplexer _

TX1

Duplexer
Main LNA+
RX1 Div Multi-
LNA
coupler
Div
Main
RX2 LNA+

Duplexer
Div Multi-
LNA
coupler
TX2

Confidential
20 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

MESO Mobile Entry SOlutions


Dotted line if 2UD wanted, depending of course if a suitable antenna is
present.
In this case, the EXxA RX switch (connecting RXB to RXA Div internal to the
EXxA) would be open, which is a special case for Cost Optimised solutions.
For the cost of one TRX licence, this is unlikely to be used in commercial
cases, however it should be explained. Can give an easy entry to the
concept of RxA also supplying RxBDiv receiver.

20
1 TRX combining bypass, 1UD Module view

Confidential
21 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

21
1 TRX combining bypass, 1UD - Connected

Confidential
22 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

In the above slide, the unit is connected for 1TRX, 1UD (== no diversity)
operation. Shaded area represents unused part. Of course, either TRX in the
EXxA can be used.

Important: The dotted connectors can be included to prepare this for


upgrading into a 2+2 2UD configuration. More information in the next
category Bypass 2UD, 2 carriers/cell
However, if a suitable antenna were connected to the ANT b connector in
the above diagram, and just the dotted blue RX connector (RxB to RxB1)
were connected, this would convert the above setup to 1 carrier/cell, bypass
2UD, as the EXxA RX switch is closed by default.

22
2 TRX Combining By-pass with 2-way RX
diversity
2 TRX/Sector, 2 antennas

Confidential
23 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

23
2 TRX Combining By-pass with 2-way RX diversity (2UD)
- Schematic

Example: 2 TRX/cell

Antennas
Dual
Dual TRX Duplexer
X
TX1

Duplexer
Main LNA+
RX1 Div Multi-
LNA
coupler
Div
Main
RX2 LNA+

Duplexer
Div Multi-
LNA
coupler
TX2

Confidential
24 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

In this case, to go from the simplest configuration of 1 TRX, 1UD (i.e., no


diversity) weve simply added two cables, and an antenna.
If these cables (and a suitable antenna) had been added beforehand, then
the site could have ben upgraded remotely by:
Adding a licence (if the operator hasnt enough licences for the TRXs in use)
Adding the second TRX to the BTS (cell) in the BSC

This would save CAPEX (capital expenditure) by saving a trip to the site.
Creating a 2+2+2, for example, would use three of these setups. One DTRX
and one DDU per sector.
Question: So, a 2+2+2 would useHow many units minimum?? Answer 7.
3*DDU, 3*DTRX AND ESMA System Unit. Add any PSUs to that.
Question: How high would this 2+2+2 be, in a stack configuration? Answer
12U. Each DDU+DTRX=3. 3*3=9, plus 3 for the system unit=12. Note, thats
Us, not modules! In practical terms, about Knee high. (12U is
approximately half a metre, 54cm, ignoring the plinth, as 1U is 4.45cm)

24
2 TRX Combining By-pass with 2-way RX diversity (2UD)
Module View

2 TRX/Cell configuration

Confidential
25 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Here, only one sector is used.


Trainer: Ask the students to close their material.
Project this onto a whiteboard, and ask the students to help fill in the TX and
RX cabling. The next slide will show the final result.
Expect a little confusion with 2UDnext slide clarifies (I hope!)

25
2 TRX Combining By-pass with 2-way RX diversity
(2UD)
-Solution:

2 TRX/Cell configuration
Confidential
26 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Check Question: How is this two-way diversity? Consider the simplest case
of 1TRX, 1UD (i.e., no diversity). The RX cabling for, e.g., TX and RX 1 looks
exactly the same!! RX Div on each appears unused. How is this possible?
Hint: Go back to the Introduction and Units module (First module in this
training), and look at the block diagram of the EXxA. How is the reciever
configured?
Bigger hint if required! Look at the signal Switch Control. Can you see it
now?
Answer: RX2 is acting as the diverse receiver for RX1. Ensure the students
can folllow this. Use whiteboard if necessary.

Q:Now, what is the status if the unit is connected as shown, but theres no
licence for TRX2 (i.e., its blocked). Can it still provide Diversity for RX1?
A: Yes, because the only signal needed is switch control, this isnt stoopped
by licensing. Theres no RF processing (like 4UD) happening its just simply
switching signals. Again, ensure this is clear for the students were moving
onwards to a place wherethere be Dragons! (i.e, 4UD, or RTC
Configurations, where this is important, but not obvious) so theyll need these
basic concepts clearly.

26
3+3 Cost-optimised 2-way RX diversity (2UD)
One DTRX is split between two cells:

Confidential
27 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Only in the special cases of Cost Optimised and 4UD are the Rx Div
connectors used.

Above is a cost-optimised sector configuration. Note that the Rx Div


connectors are in use to get the Rx diversity from the same sector where the
TRX is (remember how the DTRXs internal circuitry works - refer the
students to the RX block diagram if there is any uncertainty).

Note also that all carriers must be fed through the same number of WBC(s)
to get equal combining loss for all carriers.

27
2-way Wideband Combining with 2-way RX
diversity
E.g., 4+4+4, 2 antennas per sector

Confidential
28 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

28
2-way Wideband Combining with 2-way RX
diversity - Schematic

Dual TRXs Wideband Combiners

TX1 WBC Antennas


Main
Dual
RX1 Div Duplexer
Div X
RX2 Main

Duplexer
Div LNA+
Multi-
LNA
TX2 couple
r
LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
LNA
couple
TX3 r
Main
RX3 Div
Div
RX4 Main
Div Example: 4 TRX/cell
TX4 WBC

Confidential
29 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

29
Example: 2-way, 2UD Module view
Example: 4 TRX/cell
(4+4+4, one sector)

Confidential
30 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

In this slide, one sector is shown. Connect this as a 4-trx sector, using the
schematic shown on the previous slide. Note that there isnt consideration for
expansion to 4+4(+4) the slide is meant as a schematic/cable guide only.
Other sectors are wired identically (typically, theyll be placed below the
system unit in this example).
Suggestio: Project this onto the board, and again fill in the cabling.

30
Example: 2-way, 2UD TX cabling
Example: 4 TRX/cell
(4+4+4, one sector)

Confidential
31 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Follow the schematic. In the schematic, Antenna 1 (on the left) connects to
TX1 and TX2 via WBC, Antenna 2 (on the right) connects to TX3 and TX4
via WBC

31
Example: 2-way, 2UD, RX cabling
Example: 4 TRX/cell
(4+4+4, one sector)

Confidential
32 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

How does this work?

32
Example: 2-way, 2UD, TX and RX Cabling
Example: 4 TRX/cell
(4+4+4, one sector)

Confidential
33 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

33
8+8+8, 2 antennas/cell
4-way combining, 2-way Uplink Diversity
1 cabinet

Confidential
34 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

This guys a monster! Firstly, it requires the use of a ESEA unit

34
4-way Wideband Combining with 2-way RX
diversity (2UD)
Example: 8 TRX/cell
Dual TRXs Wideband Combiners
TX1
Main WBC
RX1 Div WBC Antennas
Div
RX2 Main WBC Dual
TX2 Div Duplexer
TX3
Main
X

Duplexer
RX3 Div
Div LNA+
RX4 Main LNA
Multi-
TX4 Div coupler

TX5

Duplexer
Main LNA+

Duplexer
RX5 LNA
Div Multi-
Div coupler For each sector:
RX6 Main
TX6 Div 14 TRX cables
TX7
8 Receive cables
Main
RX7 Div WBC
Div WBC
RX8 Main
TX8 Div WBC

Confidential
35 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

This is one cell of an 8-TRX, 4-way combining, 2UD setup.


In the following slides three of these are to be built into one rack to create an
8+8+8 monster. To construct the same capacity using existing UltraSite
would require 2 cabinets.
Q: How many of: DTRX, WBC, DDU are required to make this monster
A: 12*DTRX (24 carriers), 18*WBC, 3*DDU
Q:What two other units are required (No peeping!)
A:ESMA System unit, plus ESEA Extension unit were over the
12TRX/6DTRX limit of the ESMA

35
EDGE/BTS 8+8+8 WBC 4:1

1
2
3 WBC 1 DTRX 1
4
5 WBC 2 WBC 3 DTRX 2
6 DDU 1
7

T
8 WBC 4 WBC 5 DTRX 3
9
DTRX 4
10 WBC 6
11
12 ESMA
8+8+8 13
14
DTRX 5
4-way 15
16
WBC 7

DTRX 6
2UD 17
18
WBC 8 WBC

DDU
9

2
19
20 WBC 10 WBC 11 DTRX7
21
DTRX 8
22 WBC 12

23
24 ESEA
25
26
27 WBC 13
DTRX 9
28
29 WBC 14 WBC 15
DTRX 10
30
DDU 3
31
32 WBC 16 WBC 17 DTRX 11
33
34 WBC 18
DTRX 12
35
36

Confidential
36 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

This slide shows the modules installed in an INDOOR cabinet/rack. The


outdoor rack is smaller, and thus the units are installed differently

36
SECTORS
CABL
NUMBER FROM TO A B C
E

EDGE/BTS 8+8+8 WBC 4:1 1

2
99493
1
99493
TxA - TxA
(WBC)
TxB - TxB
1 (WBC)
RF Cables, Tx 99493 (WBC)TxOut -
3
1 TxB(WBC)
1 3 2 99493 TxA - TxA
4
1 (WBC)
99493 TxB - TxB
5
1 (WBC)
99493 (WBC)TxOut -
6
1 TxA(WBC)
99493 (WBC)TxOut -
7
1 TxA (DDU)
99493 TxA - TxA
8
1 (WBC)
99493 TxB - TxB
4 5
9
1 (WBC)
99493 (WBC)TxOut -
10
1 TxA(WBC)
99493 TxA - TxA
11
6 14 1
99493
(WBC)
TxB - TxB
12
1 (WBC)
99493 (WBC)TxOut -

7 12 13
1 TxB(WBC)
99493 (WBC)TxOut
14
1 TxB(DDU)

11
13 NOTE:
1) One sector shown in picture.
2) All three sectors have identical cabling
structure.
3) Before continuing to the next sector be sure
that all cables are correctly installed.
4) It's recommended to use empty boxes in table
as an connection check list.
8 10 9
Confidential
37 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Trainer:
Might be an idea to go through this illustration cable-by-cable, comparing to
the schematic. Same with the RX side.
(This is shamelessly lifted from the Usability tests in Dallas, late-2006)

37
SECTORS

EDGE/BTS 8+8+8 WBC 4:1 NUMBER


CABL
E
FROM TO A B C

1 994933 RxA RxA4

2 994933 RxB RxB4


RF Cables, Rx 1 2
3 994931 RxA RxA1

4 994931 RxB RxB3

5 994931 RxA RxA3

4 6 994931 RxB RxB2

3 7 994931 RxA RxA2

8 994931 RxB RxB1

7 8

5 6
NOTE:

1) One sector shown in picture.


2) All three sectors have identical cabling
structure.
3) Before continuing to the next sector be sure
that all cables are correctly installed.
4) It's recommended to use empty boxes in table
as an connection check list.

Confidential
38 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

38
6+6+6, Remote Tune Combiner (1 Cabinet)

Confidential
39 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

39
Remote Tune Combining with 2-way RX diversity
-One sector of a 6+6+6
With RTC up to 6 Tx signals can be combined into 1 antenna, minimizing the
combiner loss

Confidential
40 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Here, one sector of a 6+6+6 is shown.

Two antennas or e.g. one x-pol antenna for 2 UD required.

40
Flexi EDGE BTS
6+6+6 RTC

Confidential
41 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Note the positions of the ESMA in the upper part of the casing, and the
ESEA in the lower part. Also the RF module placings for each sector, two
EXxA are above the sectors ECxA and one below it. Only the TX cabling is
shown for clarity.
The next slide shows graphically the recommended placing in more detail.

Please remember that this unit will be extremely heavy. Due to health and
safety considerations, two installers will be required to mount the ECxAs

41
DTRX

DTRX

RTC

Flexi EDGE BTS DTRX

6+6+6 RTC ESMA.

DTRX

DTRX
Module order
RTC

DTRX

ESEA

DTRX

DTRX

RTC

DTRX

Confidential
42 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

42
SECTOR
S
Flexi EDGE BTS NUMB CABL
ER E
FROM TO
(DTRX)
A B C
99493
6(+6+6) RTC 1
1
99493
RX1 - RxA

2 RX2 - RxB
1
RF Cables, RX cables 99493
3 RX3 - RxA
1
99493
4 RX4 - RxB
1
99493
5 RX5 - RxA
4
99493
6 RX6 RxB
4

NOTE:

1) One sector shown in picture.


2) All three sectors have identical
cabling structure.
3) Before continuing to the next sector
be sure that all cables are
correctly installed.
4) It's recommended to use empty
boxes in table as an connection
check list.

Confidential
43 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

43
SECTOR
S
Flexi EDGE BTS NUMB CABL
ER E
FROM
TO(DTRX)
A B C
99493
6+6+6 RTC 1
1
99493
TX1 - TxA

2 TX2 - TxB
4
RF Cables, TX cables 3
99493
TX3 - TxA
4
99493
4 TX4 - TxB
4
99493
5 TX5 - TxA
5
99493
6 TX6 TxB
5

NOTE:

1) One sector shown in picture.


2) All three sectors have identical
cabling structure.
3) Before continuing to the next sector
be sure that all cables are
correctly installed.
4) It's recommended to use empty
boxes in table as an connection
check list.

Confidential
44 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

44
(Optional) Other configurations

Confidential
45 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September 2007

From here on, the slideset deals with DP, 4UD features that will not be
released until EP2/S13 (RG13?? new NSN format?)
There wont be time with the current training course of 2 days to do anything
more than briefly introduce these here.
When EP2/S13 is out, I expect this course to be expanded to 3 days.

45
Remote Tune Combining with 2-way RX diversity

Confidential
46 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

The RTC RX switch is coupled to only main antenna when there are two
RTCs/sector (just like in this case) or diversity is coming from another BTS.

2 antennas /sector

46
Double Power TRX with 2-way RX diversity
Example: 1
TRX/cell
Dual TRX Wideband Combiners Dual Antennas
(coherent) EWxA Duplexer and MHAs
Phase feedback

TX1 EWxA
X

Duplexer
LNA+
Main Multi-
RX1 Div coupler
Div
Main LNA+
RX2

Duplexer
Div Multi- MHA
coupler
TX2

DPTRX is achieved by coherently combining Tx signals of 2 carriers within


DTRX
Single TRX capacity
DPTRX provides 2.5 dB gain in output power
Requires EWxA
Confidential
47 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Here need to explain the concept of Double Power. This cant be practiced
currently until S13/EP2 release.

47
Double Power TRX with 4-way RX diversity
Example: 1 TRX/cell

DTRX Units Wideband Combiners Dual Antennas


(coherent) Duplexers
Phase feedback

TX1 X X
EWxA

Duplexer
Main
RX1 Div
LNA+
Multi-
Div coupler
RX2 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
TX2 coupler

TX3

Duplexer
Main
RX3 Div
LNA+
Multi-
Div coupler
RX4 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
TX4 Needed for supporting coupler
second Duplexer (DC
power)
Confidential
48 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Possible, but unlikely combination (one DTRX is effectively wasted) however


this shows the principle of IDD, plus Link Balance restored with 4UD
Note that in this case, the RxA is no longer connected to RxBDiv (similarly
for RxA)

2 DDUs because we need 4 antennas for 4UD. They could be e.g. dual-
polarized antennas, where we have two antennas inside one radome.

48
Double Power TRX with 4-way RX diversity
Example: 2 TRX/cell

DTRX Units Wideband Combiners Dual Antennas


(coherent) Duplexers
Phase feedback

TX1 X X

Duplexer
EWxA
Main LNA+
RX1 Div Multi-
coupler

RX2 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
TX2 coupler
Phase feedback

TX3 EWxA

Duplexer
Main
RX3 Div
LNA+
Multi-
coupler
RX4 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
TX4 Multi-
coupler

Confidential
49 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

For the addition of more cables the previous configuration (1TRX/Cell)


can be doubled in capacity.
Possibly the only reason for the previous configuration would be if the
operator didnt have/need sufficient licences.

49
IDD and 2-way RX diversity (with MHA)
Example: 1
TRX/cell
Dual TRX Dual Antennas
Duplexer and MHAs

TX1 X

Duplexer
LNA+
Main
RX1 Div
Multi-
coupler
Div
RX2 Main LNA+

Duplexer
Div Multi- MHA
coupler
TX2

Intelligent Downlink Diversity (IDD) is an effective way of boosting


the downlink: it is based on space and time diversity and signal tuning
IDD gives on average 5 dBm gain in downlink path

Confidential
50 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Use whiteboard to explain IDD principle

50
Smart Radio Concept (SRC):
IDD with 4-way RX diversity with MHA

Example: 2 TRX/cell
Dual TRXs Dual Antennas
Duplexers and MHAs

TX1

Duplexer
LNA+
RX1 Main
Div
Multi- X X
coupler

RX2 Main LNA+

Duplexer
Div Multi-
coupler
TX2 MHA

TX3

Duplexer
LNA+
Main
RX3 Div
Multi-
coupler

RX4 Main LNA+

Duplexer
Div Multi-
coupler
TX4

Confidential
51 Nokia Siemens Networks Module 4 - Configurations / MNa / 10 September, 2007

Nokia SRC consists of:

-IDD
-4UD
-IRC

51