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2.39 Air upstream of a normal shock has the following properties: Pt = 100 psia, Tt = 100 F, and M=2.

Find
the upstream static temperature, static pressure, and velocity (ft/s). Find the downstream total temperature,
Mach number, total pressure, static temperature, static pressure, and velocity (ft/s).
Start with Definition 2.10.1 (iii) on page 135
g-1
Tt1 = T1 J1 + 2
M 2N
Tt1 560 R
T1 = g-1 =
J1+ H2L2 N
1.4-1
J1+ 2
M 2N 2

T1 = 311.11 R

T01 g-1
note that this is the same relation discussed in class, but presented as T1
= 1+ 2
M2

next, we use Definition (iv)


g
g-1
Pt1 = P1 J1 + 2
M 2 N Ig-1M
Pt1 100 psia
P1 = g = 1.4
g-1
J1+ M 2 N Hg-1L J1+ 22 N H1.4-1L
1.4-1
2 2

P1 = 12.78 psia

We could have instead used the equation from class, and still get the same answer
g

I T 1 M Ig-1M
P1 T
P01
=
01
1.4

P1 = I M
311.11 R 1.4-1
560 R
P1 = 12.78 psia

Velocity comes from definition of total temperature, as rewritten on p. 124, eqn (v)

2 gc c p HTt1 - T1 L = 2 J32.174 N I0.24 lbm R Btu M H560 R - 311.11 RL


lbm ft Btu 778.16 lbf
V1 = lbf s2

V 1 = 1729.46 ft s

The downstream temperature is the same as that of the upstream temperature, because the flow is adiabatic
Tt2 = Tt1 = 560 R

We can use the equation for Mach number presented on the website

2 2
M12 + g-1 22 + 1.4-1
M2 = 2g = 2 H1.4L = 0.57735
M12 -1 22 -1
g-1 1.4-1

Using normal shock table posted on the website,

M1 = 2 fl M2 = 0.5774

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2 MAE 113 Practice Problem 2.39.nb

So we've confirmed our answer.


There is also an equation for stagnation pressures on the website
g
g+1 g-1
p02 BJ 2
M1 2 NJ1+ 2
M1 2 NF g-1
p01
= 1 = 0.7209
2g g-1
J g+1 M1 2 - g+1 N g-1

P02 Pt2
From the table, we confirm that P01
= Pt1
= 0.7209

Pt2 = Pt1 H0.7209L = H100 psiaL H0.7209L


Pt2 = 72.09 psia

The equation for pressures is

p2 M2 T2 1+gM21
= = = 4.500
p1 M1 T1 1+gM22

P2
The table again confirms that P1
= 4.500

P2 = P1 H4.5L = H12.78 psiaL H4.500L


P2 = 57.51 psia

Once again, we find the right equition


g-1
T2 1+ M12
T1
= 2
g-1 = 1.687
1+ 2
M22

T2
And, the table affirms T1
= 1.687

T2 = T1 H1.687L = H311.11 RL H1.687L


T2 = 524.84 R

now we can use the same velocity definition as used above

2 gc c p HTt2 - T2 L = 2 J32.174 N I0.24 lbm R Btu M H560 R - 524.84 RL


lbm ft Btu 778.16 lbf
V2 = lbf s2

V 1 = 650.03 ft s

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