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Linear equations calculator: Inverse matrix method

This online calculator will help you to solve a system of linear equations using inverse matrix method.
Using this online calculator, you will receive a detailed step-by-step solution to your problem, which will help you understand the algorithm how to solve s
using inverse matrix method.

Calculator Guide

Linear equations solver: Inverse matrix method


The number of equations in the system: 3
Change the names of the variables in the system
Fill the system of linear equations:
130 x1 + 120 x2 + 110 x3 = 372500

1 x1 + 1 x2 + 1 x3 = 3000

3 x1 + -5 x2 + -5 x3 = -600

Solve the system

You can input only integer numbers, decimals or fractions in this online calculator (-2.4, 5/7, ...). More in-depth information read at these rules.

Solution:

130 120 110


A= 1 1 1
3 -5 -5

372500
B= 3000
-600

x1
X= x2
x3

AX=B
so

X = A-1 B

Find the inverse matrix using matrix of cofactors (also you can calculate the inverse matrix, using the online Inverse matrix calculator (Gaussian elimination))

Find matrix determinant:


det A = 80
Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the triangle's rule to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 33:

130 120 110


det A = 1 1 1 = 1301(-5) + 12013 + 1101(-5) - 11013 - 1301(-5) - 1201(-5) = -650 + 360 - 550 - 330 + 650 + 600 = 80
3 -5 -5

The determinant of is not zero, therefore the inverse matrix A-1 exist. To calculate the inverse matrix find additional minors and cofactors of matrix

Find the minor M11 and the cofactor C11. In matrix A cross out row 1 and column 1.
1 1
M11 = =0
-5 -5

Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the formula to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 22:

1 1
M11 = = 1(-5) - (-5)1 = -5 + 5 = 0
-5 -5

C11 = (-1)1+1M11 = 0
Find the minor M12 and the cofactor C12. In matrix A cross out row 1 and column 2.

1 1
M12 = = -8
3 -5
Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the formula to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 22:

1 1
M12 = = 1(-5) - 31 = -5 - 3 = -8
3 -5

C12 = (-1)1+2M12 = 8
Find the minor M13 and the cofactor C13. In matrix A cross out row 1 and column 3.

1 1
M13 = = -8
3 -5
Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the formula to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 22:

1 1
M13 = = 1(-5) - 31 = -5 - 3 = -8
3 -5

C13 = (-1)1+3M13 = -8
Find the minor M21 and the cofactor C21. In matrix A cross out row 2 and column 1.

120 110
M21 = = -50
-5 -5
Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the formula to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 22:

120 110
M21 = = 120(-5) - (-5)110 = -600 + 550 = -50
-5 -5

C21 = (-1)2+1M21 = 50
Find the minor M22 and the cofactor C22. In matrix A cross out row 2 and column 2.

130 110
M22 = = -980
3 -5
Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the formula to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 22:

130 110
M22 = = 130(-5) - 3110 = -650 - 330 = -980
3 -5

C22 = (-1)2+2M22 = -980


Find the minor M23 and the cofactor C23. In matrix A cross out row 2 and column 3.

130 120
M23 = = -1010
3 -5

Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the formula to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 22:

130 120
M23 = = 130(-5) - 3120 = -650 - 360 = -1010
3 -5

C23 = (-1)2+3M23 = 1010


Find the minor M31 and the cofactor C31. In matrix A cross out row 3 and column 1.
120 110
M31 = = 10
1 1

Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the formula to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 22:

120 110
M31 = = 1201 - 1110 = 120 - 110 = 10
1 1

C31 = (-1)3+1M31 = 10
Find the minor M32 and the cofactor C32. In matrix A cross out row 3 and column 2.

130 110
M32 = = 20
1 1

Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the formula to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 22:

130 110
M32 = = 1301 - 1110 = 130 - 110 = 20
1 1

C32 = (-1)3+2M32 = -20


Find the minor M33 and the cofactor C33. In matrix A cross out row 3 and column 3.

130 120
M33 = = 10
1 1
Show detailed calculation of the determinant

Use the formula to calculate the determinant of matrix with size 22:

130 120
M33 = = 1301 - 1120 = 130 - 120 = 10
1 1

C33 = (-1)3+3M33 = 10

Write matrix of cofactors:

0 8 -8
C= 50 -980 1010
10 -20 10

Transposed matrix of cofactors:

0 50 10
CT = 8 -980 -20
-8 1010 10

Find inverse matrix:

5 1
0
8 8
T 1 49 1
A-1 = C = - -
det A 10 4 4
1 101 1
-
10 8 8

Find a solution:

5 1
5 1 0372500 + 3000 + (-600)
0 8 8
8 8 372500 0 + 1875 - 75 1800
1 49 1 1 49 1
X = A-1B = - - 3000 = 372500 + - 3000 + - (-600) = 37250 - 36750 + 150 = 650
10 4 4 10 4 4
-600 -37250 + 37875 - 75 550
1 101 1 1 101 1
- - 372500 + 3000 + (-600)
10 8 8 10 8 8

Answer:
x1 = 1800
x2 = 650
x3 = 550
To calculator To comments

Try online calculators. Solving of equations.


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Linear equations calculator: Inverse matrix method
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Exercises. The system of linear equations with 4 variables.
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13 Comments

Add a comment...

Karin Grodzinsky University of Gothenburg


wtf is this shit
Like Reply 4 Mar 16, 2017 11:29pm

Thomas Zimmer Student Flight at 132d Wing


nice
Like Reply 1 Jan 27, 2017 2:22am

Elizabeth Gerken Sweet Springs High


-4/3 - 2/3 is -2/3 . I don't understand how you got -2
Like Reply 1 Nov 1, 2016 11:03pm

Vishal Reddy Vasavi College of Engineering


its -6/3 which is = -2
Like Reply Nov 7, 2016 12:10pm

Mahdi Dalaeli Rockhampton, Queensland


why this side got access to my facebook details?
Like Reply May 11, 2016 10:01am

Hashim Khalid Manga, raiwend road lahore at Lahore, Pakistan


plz tell me about matrix am very upset about it
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Like Reply Mar 16, 2016 7:56pm

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