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# Earthquake Analysis Using Seismic Coefficient Method

## EARTH QUAKE ANALYSIS USING SEISMIC COEFFICIENT METHOD:

Seismic Coefficient method is applicable for buildings:
(a) Regular Buildings :
Height < 90m in zones II & III.
<40m in zones IV & V
(b) Irregular Buildings :
Height < 40m in zones II & III.
<12m in zones IV & V
The Various methods used in STAAD Pro for earthquake analysis are:
1. Lumped mass method (introduced by Research Engineers before 2007)
2. Member weight method (Introduced by Bentley after 2007)
3. Reference load method (Introduced by Bentley after 2007)
4. Converting static load to equivalent seismic analysis .

## Design of seismic shear (VB)

Total design seismic base shear VB along any principal direction is given by
VB= Ah W
Ah= Design horizontal acceleration spectrum value
Ah= (Z/2) (I/R) (Sa/g)
W= Seismic weight of building
Note:
1. Live load upto and including 3.0 KN/m2 =25% of imposed load.
3. For calculating design seismic forces imposed load on roof need not be
considered.

## Applying Seismic in STAAD Pro :

There are two parts.
Part 2: Applying Defined Seismic Load
Part 1 : Define Seismic Load
The value of Ah is computed by generating Seismic Load Definition by specifying
(OR)
Seismic parameter screen will appear. Select Type: IS1893-2002Click GenerateAdd.
Select city or zone: (Table 2 of IS 1893-2002)
Seismic zone II III IV V
Seismic
Low Moderate Severe Very Severe
intensity
Zone factor 0.10 0.16 0.24 0.36

## Response Reduction Factor (RF) : (Table 7 of IS 1893-2002)

5 for Special Moment Resistance Frame (SMRF)
3 for Ordinary Moment Resistance Frame (OMRF)
Important Factor (I) : (Table 6 of IS 1893-2002)
1 for ordinary Residential building
1.5 for Important Building
Rock or Soil sites Factor (SS): Clause 6.4.5 of IS 1893-2002)
1 for hard soil (N> 30)
2 for Medium soil (10< N < 30)
3 for soft soil (N< 10)
Type of structure (ST) (optional): (Clause 7.6 of IS 1893-2002)
1 for RCC Frame Building
2 for Steel Frame Building
3 for all other Building
Damping ratio (DM): (Table 3 of IS 1893-2002)
0.05% for concrete.
PX= Period in X direction : (Optional)
PZ= Period in Z direction : (Optional)
The approximate fundamental natural period of vibration in seconds for
RC Frame buildings without brick in- fills T=0.075 h0.75

For all other buildings including frame buildings with brick in-fills T x= 0.09 h
dx
dx = dimension in X direction.
Tz= 0.09 h
dz
dz = dimension in X direction.
h = height of building in metre
d= base dimension at plinth in metre along the direction of force.
Depth of Foundation (DT): (For under ground structures)

## Click Z 0.16 RF 3 I 1.5 SS 2 ST 1 DM 0.05 Add.

Seismic Definitions screen will appear.
Click self weight self weight 1 Add.
Click member weight Loading type: UNI weight: 12 KN/m (for external wall)
6 KN/m (for internal wall) Add.
Y range: Mini: 3.0m Max: 15.0m Add.
Y range: Mini=3.0m Max=12.0m (except roof slab) Add Close.
Note:
1. W= Seismic weight of Building= Dead load+ appropriate amount of imposed
For calculating design seismic forces imposed load in roof need not be
considered.

## Click self weight select to view Assign.

Click Member weight Main menu Select Beam parallel to X and Beam
parallel to Z Assign to selected beam AssignYes Close.
2. In seismic analyses always first load case shall be seismic load only.

## Part 2: Applying defined Seismic Load :

Title: Seismic in X +ve Add.
Title : Seismic in X ve Add.
Title : Seismic in Z +ve Add.
Title : Seismic in Z ve Add close.
Highlight seismic in X +ve Add.
Highlight seismic in X -ve Add.
Highlight seismic in Z +ve Add.
Highlight seismic in Z +ve Add.
Load combination to be considered in case of Seismic
1. For Superstructure (Ultimate load condition)
1. 1.5 (DL+LL)
2. 1.5 (DL+ S in X +ve)
3. 1.5(DL+ S in X ve)
4. 1.5 (DL+ S in Z +ve)
5. 1.5 (DL+ S in Z ve)
6. 1.2(DL+LL+ S in X+ve)
7. 1.2(DL+LL+ S in X-ve)
8. 1.2(DL+LL+ S in Z+ve)
9. 1.2(DL+LL+ S in Z-ve)
10.0.9DL+ 1.5 S in X +ve
11.0.9DL +1.5 S in X-ve
12.0.9DL+ 1.5 S in Z+ve
13.0.9DL + 1.5 S in Z-ve.

## 2. For Sub structure ( Service load condition )

1. (DL+LL)
2. DL+ S in X+ve
3. DL + S in X-ve
4. DL + S in Z +ve
5. DL + S in Z ve
6. DL+0.8LL+ S in X +ve
7. DL+0.8LL+ S in X ve
8. DL+0.8LL+ S in Z+ve
9. DL+0.8LL+ S in Z-ve
Method 1:
SEISMIC ANALYSIS USING LUMPED MASS METHOD
Data:
Building size :
Length= 15m (5 Bays each 3.0m)
Width = 15m (5 Bays each 3.0m)
Height =33m (11 Bays each 3.0m)
Concrete Mix M30 Steel Fe415
Loads: LL =1.50 KN/m2 (For Roof slab) 2.0KN/m2 (For floor slab)
Member sizes : Beam 300 x 450mm; Column 450 x 300 mm
Slab thickness: 120mm.
Soil type: medium. Zone :III Importance factor=1.50
15.00

15.00

PLAN
33.00

3.00

## COLUMN SIZE 0.45 X 0.30

3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00

15.00

ELEVATION

1. Geometry Creation :
New Project Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;
File Name=Seismic Coefficient method (LM) Next
Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double click
on it.
Length X=15.0m No. of Bays =5 Each Bay =3.0m
Height Y=3.0m No. of Bay=1 Each Bay =3.0m
Width Z=15.0m No. of Bays=5 Each Bay =3.0m
Apply Transfer Model YesOk.
Go to front view.
2. Member Property:
Click General Property Define Rectangle YD=0.45 ZD=0.30 Add
Beam parallel to X , Select Beam parallel to Z Assign to selected beam
Assign Yes Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Select Beam parallel to Y
Assign to selected beam Assign Yes Close.
Select Beam cursor and select entire structureClick Translational Repeat icon
Y No. of steps=10 Default spacing=3m link OK.
3. Supports :
Go to front view.
Click Support Create Fixed Add. Highlight support 2 and select bottom
support nodes by windowing using node cursor Assign to selected nodes
Assign Yes Close De select the nodes and change to beam cursor.
Seismic Parameters appear. Select IS1893-2002. Click Generate Add.
IS1893 seismic parameters screen will appear. Select Zone =III.
Response Reduction Factor: Specicial RC MRF=5
Importance factor (I) =1.5
Rock/soil type (SS) :2 (For Medium soil).
Structure Type: (Optional) =1 (For RC Frame Building).
Damping Ratio (DM)= 0.05%
Period in X direction= 0.09 h =0.09 x33 =0.86 sec.
dx 12
Period in Z direction= 0.09 h =0.09 x33 =0.86 sec.
dZ 12
Click Zone 0.16 RF 5 I 1.5 SS 2 ST 1 DM 0.05 0.86 0.86 Add
*************************
To Find Joint Weight
1. Geometry Creation :
New Project Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;
File Name=Joint weight Next
Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double click
On it.
Length X=15.0m No. of Bays =5 Each Bay =3.0m
Height Y=33.0m No. of Bays=11 Each Bay =3.0m
Width Z=15.0m No. of Bays=5 Each Bay =3.0m
Apply Transfer Model YesOk.
Go to front view.
2. Member Property :
Click General Property Define Rectangle YD=0.45 ZD=0.30 Add
Beam parallel to X , Select Beam parallel to Z Assign to selected beam
Assign Yes Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Select Beam parallel to Y
Assign to selected beam Assign Yes Close.
Self weight Selfweight Y Factor =-1 GY Add.
Click Member Load Uniform force Y direction
Y range Mini =3.0m Max =30.0m Add.
Pressure =-5.25Kn/m2 Y range Mini=30.2 Max=33.0 Add.
Pressure=-1.50KN/m2 Y range Mini=30.2 Max=33.0 Add.
Highlight SelfweightAssign to view Assign.
Highlight Member load - 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam parallel toX
and Z. Front elevation view. Right click New view Ok.
Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams (9 wall portion )
Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight -6 KN/mFront view Select inner portion of beam Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes.
Go to front view select top portion by windowing Right clickNew view OK.
Plan viewselect only outer portion and click -4 KN/m Assign to selected
beamAssign Yes.
3 .Support:
Click Support 2 Assign to view Assign Close.
3.Analysis/Print Perform Analysis No print Add.
4.Post Print Define Commands Support Reaction Add.
6.Analysis Run Analysis Done.
7.Go to Post Processing Click Report set up. Select Load case 3OK. Click Items
Select output from list select Reactions and sent to right in selected list OK.
Go to File Export report MS word file. From the File copy support reaction and
paste it in a separate excel file.
Select Node No., Fy from the file and copy & paste it in a separate place. In between
Node No. and Fy, type weight and copy for all nodes. Copy Node No. Weight Fy
values from Excell file and paste it below . Joint Weight of first file example in lumped
mass.
Self weight Y Factor =-1. Add.
Pressure =-5.25 KN/m2 Y range Mini=30.2 Max = 33.0 Add.
Y range Mini=3.0 Max = 30.0m Add.
Pressure=-1.50 KN/m2
Y range Mini=30.2 Max = 33.0m Add.
Highlight Selfweight Assign to view Assign.
Highlight Member load - 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam parallel toX
and Z. Front elevation view. Right click New view Ok.
Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams (9 wall portion )
Assign to selected beams Assign yes.
Highlight - 6 KN/m Select interior wall Assign to selected beam
AssignYes.
Go to Front view Highlight - 4 KN/mselect top portion by windowing Right click
New view create a New view OK. Plan view Select outer portion of the
beam Assign to selected beam AssignYes.
To give Perform analysis - change command:
High Light Load case 2: EQ in X-Ve.

## Click Change Add Check After current.

High Light Load case 3: EQ in Z+Ve.

## Click Change Add Check After current.

High Light Load case 4: EQ in Z-Ve.

## Click Change Add Check After current.

Category name: say EQ No. of Rule:4
1 1.5 1.5 --
2 1.5 --- 1.5
3 1.2 1.2 1.2
4 0.9 --- 1.5
Click update Table Close.
Click Load case details Auto Load comb select Indian Code category : EQ
7 to 19 ) Load list OKClose.
Design:
Click DesignConcrete Current code IS 456Define Parameters Fc=30,000KN/m2
Click Fck=30,000KN/m2 and select the entire structure Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes. Click Fymain=415000KN/m2 and select the
entire structure Assign to selected beam Assign Yes. Click
Fysec=415000KN/m2 and select the entire structure Assign to selected
beam Assign Yes. Click Ratio=3% and select the entire structure
Assign to selected beam Assign Yes. Click design beam
SelectBeam parallel to X and beam parallel to Z Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes . Click Design ColumnSelect Beam parallel
to Y Assign to selected beam Assign Yes.
Note: Save the File and Run the Program.
Analysis type:
Main menu CommandsAnalysisPerform Analysis No print OK.
Post Analysis Print:
Main menuCommandsPost analysis print Support Reactions To view OK.
Analysis:
Result:
Click Post processing. view deflection for various loads.
Bending moment Mz:
Click Mz icon.
Results View value Beam results Bending Ends Mid span Annotate Close.
Shear force Fy:
Click Fy icon.
Results View value Beam results Shear Ends Annotate Close.
(Before click shear force remove previous selection mark)
Axial Force Fx:
Click Fx icon.
Results View value Beam results Axial r Ends Annotate Close.
Design Check:
Main menu SelectBy specification All failed beams. Go to modeling mode. Select
column ( at bottom portion) Double click the columnConcrete design. Check the
bottom most storey column. If some columns in GF inner are failed, change the size of
the column for inner portion and again run the analysis, verify the result. Similarly
check the beam by double click the particular beam for find the reinforcement. If all are
passed ok. Otherwise revise the beam section if failed.

Report:
Click Report setup icon Click input from available from left side.
Select sections , Loadings and sent to Right side by clicking > Select output.
From output select Beam end forces, reactions, shear forces, axial forces, Beam force
detail summary.
To Take picture:
Click take picture icon Enter the title of the sketch. Then Go to report set up. Select
picture Album. If you want to change the sketch title enter the title in caption. Adjust
the picture size by adjusting height & width. Select Full page.
To export Results in word file:
File Export Report MS word file. Click save.
Note:
This procedure is very useful in the older version of Staad Pro due to the fact that in the

In the latter version of Staad Pro 2007, you can just copy paste the loads from the load
cases to the seismic definition and let Staad will do the entire process of analysing
weights but of course there is a need to carefully change some load name, e.g. instead
of floor load that will be floor weights Member Load will be Member weight etc. It's
much easier. This method of analyzing Earthquake analysis by direct method as
MEMBER WEIGHT METHOD is explained separately.

METHOD 2
SEISMIC ANALYSIS USING MEMBER WEIGHT METHOD

STEPS INVOLVED:
1.Creation of Geometry
2.Giving Member Property
3. Support Condition
5.Specifying Analysis Type
6.Post Analysis Print
7.Design
8.Analysis.
Data:
Building size : 15m x 15m
Height :33m
Concrete Mix M30 Steel Fe415
Loads: LL =1.50 KN/m2 (For Roof slab) 2.0KN/m2 (For floor slab)
Member sizes : Beam 300 x 450mm; Column 300x 450mm
Slab thickness: 120mm.
Soil type: medium. Zone :III Importance factor=1.50
15.00

15.00

PLAN
33.00

3.00

## COLUMN SIZE 0.45 X 0.30

3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00

15.00

ELEVATION

## The Member Weight method is explained as follows:

1 . Geometry Creation :
New Project Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;
File Name=Seismic Coefficient by Member weight method (MW) Next
Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double click
on it.
Length X=15.0m No. of Bays =5 Each Bay =3.0m
Height Y=3.0m No. of Bay=1 Each Bay =3.0m
Width Z=15.0m No. of Bays=5 Each Bay =3.0m
Apply Transfer Model YesOk.
Go to front view.

2.Member Property :
Click General Property Define Rectangle YD=0.45 ZD=0.30 Add
Select Beam parallel to X , Select Beam parallel to Z Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Select Beam parallel to
Y Assign to selected beam Assign Yes Close.
Deselect the nodes. Select beam cursor. Select the entire structureClick
Translational repeat Y No. of steps=10 Default spacing=3m Link OK.
3. Supports :
Go to front view.
Click Support Create Fixed Add. Highlight support 2 and select bottom
Most support nodes by windowing using node cursor Assign to selected nodes
Assign Yes Close De select the nodes and change to beam cursor.
Seismic Parameters appear. Select IS1893-2002. Click Generate .
IS1893 seismic parameters screen will appear.
Select Zone =III. Z=0.16
Response Reduction Facto (RF) : (For Special RC MRF) = 5
Importance factor (I) =1.5
Rock/soil type (SS) : (For Medium soil)=2
Structure Type (ST) : (For RC Frame Building)=1
Damping Ratio (DM) = 0.05%
Period in X = 0.09 h =0.09 x33 =0.86 sec.
dx 12
Period in Z = 0.09 h =0.09 x33 =0.86sec.
dz 12
Click Zone 0.16 RF 5 I 1.5 SS 2 ST 1 DM 0.05 0.86 0.86 Add
Seismic Definition screen will appear.
Click Self weight Selfweight 1 Add.
Pressure: 0.5KN/m2 (25% of Live Load)
Y range: Mini=30.2m Max=33.0m Add Close.
Highlight selfweight Select to view Assign.
Click Cut section iconGo to Front view
Highlight Member load w1= 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam parallel
toX and Z. Front elevation view. Right click New view Ok.
Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams (9 wall portion )
Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight Member weight w=6KN/m. Select inner portion of the beam in plan
view Assign to selected beam Assign YesClose.
Go to front view Select top portion by windowing Right click New view OK.
Plan view Select outer portion of beam and highlight 4KN/m Assign to selected
beam Assign YesClose.
Note: In Seismic analysis always first load case shall be seismic load only.
Title: EQ in X +ve Add Close.
Title: EQ in X -ve Add Close.
Title: EQ in Z+ve Add Close.
Global Y Define Y range Mini.=3.0m Max.=30.0m Add
Global Y Define Y range Mini.=30.2m Max.=33.0m Add
Highlight Selfweight Y -1 Assign to view Assign Yes.
Highlight Member load - 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam parallel toX
and Z. Front elevation view. Right click New view Ok.
Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams (9 wall portion )
Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight Member weight W=-6KN/m Cut section . Go to Plan view Select inner
portion of the beam Assign to selected beams Assign Yes
Right click New view create a new view OK. Plan view Select outer
portion of the beam Assign to selected beam AssignYes Close.
Define Y range Mini.= 3.0m Max.=30.0m Add
To give Perform Analysis Change command:
High Light Load case 2: EQ in X-Ve.

## Click Change Add Check After current.

High Light Load case 3: EQ in Z+Ve.

## Click Change Add Check After current.

High Light Load case 4: EQ in Z-Ve.

## Click Change Add Check After current.

Click New category
Category name: say EQ
No. of Rule : 4 OK.
1 1.5 1.5 --
2 1.5 -- 1.5
3 1.2 1.2 1.2
4 0.9 --- 1.5

## Click Update Table Close.

Click Auto load combination select code: Indian.
Cases from 7 to 19 on other side by highlighting and clicking > to take the load
comb on other side.) OK.
5. Design :
Click DesignConcreteCurrent code :IS456 Define
Highlight Fck =30000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Fymain =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected
beam AssignYes .
Highlight Fysec =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Ratio=3% and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes
Highlight Design Beam SelectBeam parallel to X SelectBeam parallel
to Z Assign to selected beam AssignYes.
Highlight Design Column Select bottom most column in Ground Floor
Assign to selected beam AssignYes .
Highlight Takeoff Assign to viewAssign YesClose.
6. Analysis Type :
7. Perform Analysis :
From Main Menu ` Analysis Run Analysis
View output file Done.
8. Results :
Go to post processing mode. Results.
Deflection :
Click Deflection icon Results View ValueBeam Results Deflection
Annotate.
Bending moment Mz:
Click Bending Moment Mz icon Results View ValueBeam Results Bending
Moment Ends Mid SpanAnnotate.
Shear force Fy:
Click Shear Force Fy icon Results View ValueBeam Results Shear Force
Ends Annotate.
Axial Force Fx:
Click Axial Force Fx icon Results View ValueBeam Results Axial Force
Ends Annotate.
Note: Before going to another result remove the tick mark in Beam results.
Design Check:
Main menu Select By specificationAll failed beams.
Go to modeling mode.
Select Column (at bottom portion) Double click the columnConcrete design.
Check the bottom most storey column. If some columns in GF inner are failed,
change the size of the column for inner portion and again run the analysis, verify
the result.
Similarly check the beam by double click the particular beam for find the
reinforcement.
If all are passed ok. Otherwise revise the beam section if failed.
Report :
Click report set up icon.
Available : Selected :
Input 1. Sections
2. Supports

## Output Beam End Forces

Reactions
Beam Max Axial Forces
Beam Max moments
Beam Force Details Summary Ok.

Click Report setup icon Click input from available from left side.
Select sections , Loadings and sent to Right side by clicking > Select output.
From output select Beam end forces, reactions, Reactions, Shear forces, axial
forces, Beam force detail summary.
To Take picture:
Click Take picture icon Enter the title of the sketch. Then Go to report set
up. Select picture Album. If you want to change the sketch title enter the
title in caption. Adjust the picture size by adjusting height & width. Select
Full page.
To export Results in word file:
File Export Report MS word file. Click save.
METHOD: 3

## SEISMIC ANALYSIS USING REFERENCE LOAD METHOD

Reference Loads is a powerful tool in STAAD Pro that expands users options for setting
up load cases and improves their overall efficiency. Reference Loads are useful because
they are not explicitly solved during the analysis, but rather exist only as building blocks
to be included in creating primary load cases. In this sense one can think of Reference

They are particularly helpful for large models, which often contain many load cases that
do not require analysis in their own right, including seismic, wind, or live load acting
alone. Users can create multiple reference loads and then have STAAD.Pro solve only a
limited number of real load cases. By limiting the loads examined, the user can
significantly reduce the time required for analysis.

Reference Loads are defined in the General Load & Definitions page of the Modeling
Mode, which can be accessed by clicking the appropriate tabs on the left-hand side of
the screen (circled in Figure 1):
Figure 1

## In the Definitions section, the Reference Loads are listed as follows:

Definition dialog box and click Add. Inputting the title for the Reference Load case and
the number is done in the same manner as when creating primary load cases.

This process, too, is exactly the same as for primary load cases:

## 1. Select a Reference Load to highlight it,

3. Define the load items, selecting from the list of loads on the left,

## 4. Assign the load item to the appropriate entities (nodes/members/etc.) in the

model.

At this point the Reference Load definition is complete. The next step is to include the

(iii) Select the required defined Reference Load cases and click [>] to include them
in the current primary load case. Clicking [>>] will include all defined Reference
The format of the definition of a Reference Load (i) in the data file is as follows:

....

The format of a reference to a Reference Load in a primary load (j) case is as follows:

R(i) 1.0

you can simply refer to the Reference Load case, which is listed in the seismic definition
dialog box as seen below.
METHOD 3
SEISMIC ANALYSIS USING REFERENCE LOAD METHOD
******
STEPS INVOLVED:
1. Geometry Creation
2.Giving Member Property
3.Specifying Support Condition
4. Loads (i) Defining Seismic Parameters
5.Specifying Analysis Type
6.Post Analysis Print
7.Design Commands
8.Analysis.
Data :
Building size : 15m x 15m
Height : 33m
Concrete Mix M30 Steel Fe415
Loads: LL =1.50 KN/m2 (For Roof slab) 2.0KN/m2 (For floor slab)
Member sizes : Beam 300 x 450mm; Column 300x 450mm
Slab thickness: 120mm.
Soil type: medium. Zone :III Importance factor=1.50
15.00
BEAMS ARE OF SIZE 0.3 X 0.45

15.00

PLAN
33.00

3.00

## COLUMN SIZE 0.45 X 0.30

3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00

15.00

ELEVATION

Steps involved:
1 . Geometry Creation :
New Project Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;
File Name=Seismic Coefficient by Reference Load method Next
Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double
click on it.
Length X=15.0m No. of Bays =5 Each Bay =3.0m
Height Y=3.0m No. of Bays =1 Each Bay =3.0m
Width Z=15.0m No. of Bays=5 Each Bay =3.0m
Apply Transfer Model YesOk.
Go to front view.
2. Member Property :
Click General Property Define Rectangle YD=0.45 ZD=0.30 Add
Select Beam parallel to X , Select Beam parallel to Z Assign to
selected beam Assign Yes Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Select Beam parallel
to Y Assign to selected beam Assign Yes Close.
Deselect the nodes. Select beam cursor. Select the entire structureClick
Translational repeat Y No. of steps=10 Default spacing=3m Link OK.
3. Supports :
Go to front view.
Click Support Create Fixed Add. Highlight support 2 and select bottom
Most support nodes by windowing using node cursor Assign to selected nodes
Assign Yes Close De select the nodes and change to beam cursor.
(i) Defining Seismic Parameters:
Seismic Parameters appear. Select IS1893-2002 Click Generate .
IS1893 seismic parameters screen will appear.
Select Zone =III. Z=0.16
Response Reduction Facto (RF) : (For Special RC MRF) = 5
Importance factor (I) =1.5
Rock/soil type (SS) : (For Medium soil)=2
Structure Type (ST) : (For RC Frame Building)=1
Damping Ratio (DM) = 0.05%
Period in X = 0.09 h =0.09 x33 =0.86 sec.
dx 12
Period in Z = 0.09 h =0.09 x33 =0.86sec.
dz 12
Note: In Seismic analysis always first load case shall be seismic load only.
Title: EQ in X +ve Add Close.
Title: EQ in X -ve Add Close.
Title: EQ in Z+ve Add Close.

Global Y Define Y range Mini.=3.0m Max.=33.0m Add
Highlight Selfweight Y -1 Assign to view Assign Yes.
Highlight Member load - 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam parallel
toX and Beam parallel to Z. Front elevation view. Right click New
view Ok.
Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams individually
one by one (9 wall portion ) Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight Member weight w1=-6KN/m Cut section . Go to Plan view Select
Inner portion of the beam Assign to selected beams Assign Yes
Go to front view Select top portion by windowing Right click New view
OK.
Plan view Select outer portion of beam and highlight w1=- 4KN/m
Assign to Selected beam Assign YesClose.
Define Y range Mini.= 3.0m Max.=30.0m Add
Click Zone 0.16 RF 5 I 1.5 SS 2 ST 1 DM 0.05 0.86 0.86 Add
Seismic Definition screen will appear.

R1DL R1 1.0
R2LL<3 > R2 0.25
R3 ROOF LL
(iii) Giving Perform Analysis- change Command:
High Light Load case 2: EQ in X-Ve.
After current

## Click Change Add Check After current.

High Light Load case 3: EQ in Z+Ve.
After current

## Click Change Add Check After current.

High Light Load case 4: EQ in Z-Ve.
After current

## Click Change Add Check After current.

Click New category
Category name: say EQ
No. of Rule : 4 OK.

1 1.5 1.5 --
2 1.5 -- 1.5
3 1.2 1.2 1.2
4 0.9 --- 1.5

## Click Update Table Close.

Click Auto load combination select code: Indian.
load cases from 7 to 19 on other side by highlighting and clicking > to take
the load comb on other side.) OK.

5. Design :
Click DesignConcreteCurrent code : IS456 Define
Highlight Fck =30000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected
beam AssignYes .
Highlight Fymain =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to
selected beam AssignYes .
Highlight Fysec =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to
selected beam AssignYes .
Highlight Ratio=3% and Select entire structure Assign to selected
beam AssignYes
Highlight Design Beam SelectBeam parallel to X SelectBeam
parallel to Z Assign to selected beam AssignYes.
Highlight Design Column Select bottom most column in Ground
Floor Assign to selected beam AssignYes .
Highlight Takeoff Assign to viewAssign YesClose.
6. Analysis Type :
7. Perform Analysis :
From Main Menu ` Analysis Run Analysis
View output file Done.
8. Results :
Go to post processing mode. Results
Click Deflection icon Results View ValueBeam Results Deflection
Annotate.
Click Bending Moment Mz icon Results View ValueBeam Results
Bending Moment Ends Mid SpanAnnotate.
Click Shear Force Fy icon Results View ValueBeam Results Shear Force
Ends Annotate.
Click Axial Force Fx icon Results View ValueBeam Results Axial Force
Ends Annotate.
Note: Before going to another result remove the tick mark in Beam results.
Design Check:
Main menu Select By specificationAll failed beams.
Go to modeling mode.
Select Column (at bottom portion) Double click the columnConcrete design.
Check the bottom most storey column. If some columns in GF inner are failed,
change the size of the column for inner portion and again run the analysis,
verify the result.
Similarly check the beam by double click the particular beam for find the
reinforcement.
If all are passed ok. Otherwise revise the beam section if failed.
Click report set up icon.

Available : Selected:
Input 1. Sections
2. Supports
Output Beam End Forces
Reactions
Beam Max Axial Forces
Beam Max moments
Max. Shear forces
Beam Force Details Summary Ok.

Report:

Click Report setup icon Click input from available from left side.
Select Sections , Supports, Loadings and sent to Right side by clicking > Select
output.
From output select Beam end forces, Reactions, Shear forces, Axial forces,
Bending moments, Beam force detail summary.
To Take picture:

Click take picture icon Enter the title of the sketch. Then Go to report set up.
Select picture Album. If you want to change the sketch title enter the title in
caption. Adjust the picture size by adjusting height & width. Select Full page.
To export Results in word file:

## File Export Report MS word file. Click save.

Method : 4
Converting Static Project to Equivalent Seismic Analysis Project
Steps involved:
Static project:
1. Creation Geometry
2. Giving Member Property
3. Support Condition
5. Analysis type
6. Post Analysis Print
7. Design
8. Analysis.
Converting Static Project to equivalent seismic analysis project:
2. Go to Staad editor. After zone factor values Copy the actual member weight
weight below the existing load value. Do the following changes:
(i) Delete the existing member weight.
(ii) The (-)ve sign changed to +ve sign. GY to be deleted.
Below the Floor weight:
in Floor weight. Do the following changes:
(i) The existing floor load to be deleted.
(ii) The (-) ve sign changed to +ve sign. GY to be deleted.
Title: EQ in X +ve Add.
Title: EQ in X -ve Add.
Title: EQ in Z +ve Add.
Title: EQ in Z -ve Add Close.
4. Edit the input file as follows:
In seismic analysis EQ load should be defined first. In this case it is case No. 4 to
7. Change the load cases 4 to 7 as Load case No. 1 to 4 and cut and paste it
below floor weight after zone factor value.
Member weight, Floor Weight originally created in load cases 1 to 2. Now change
8. The other steps analysis type, Post analysis print & Run Analysis as in static
problems.

Data:
Building size : 15m x 15m
Height : 33m
Concrete Mix : M30 Steel Grade: Fe415
Loads: LL =1.50 KN/m2 (For Roof slab) 2.0KN/m2 (For floor slab)
Member sizes : Beams 300 x 450mm; Columns 300x 450mm
Slab thickness: 120mm.
Soil type: Medium. Zone :III Importance factor=1.50

15.00

15.00

PLAN
33.00

3.00

## COLUMN SIZE 0.45 X 0.30

3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00

15.00

ELEVATION

STATIC PROJECT:
1 Geometry Creation:
New Project Select Space Length =meters; Force=KN;
File Name=Seismic Coefficient by Member weight method (MW) Next
Select Open Structure Wizard Finish.
Change to Frame models from Truss models Select Bay Frame and double click
on it.
Length X=15.0m No. of Bays =5 Each Bay =3.0m
Height Y=3.0m No. of Bays=1 Each Bay =3.0m
Width Z=15.0m No. of Bays=5 Each Bay =3.0m
Apply Transfer Model YesOk.
Go to front view.
2. Member Property :
Click General Property Define Rectangle YD=0.45 ZD=0.30 Add
Beam parallel to X , Select Beam parallel to Z Assign to selected beam
Assign Yes Highlight 0.45 x 0.30 Select Beam parallel to Y
Assign to selected beam Assign Yes Close.
Deselect the nodes. Select beam cursor. Select the entire structureClick Translational
repeat Y No. of steps=10 Default spacing=3m Link OK.
3. Supports :
Go to front view.
Click Support Create Fixed Add. Highlight support 2 and select bottom most
support nodes by windowing using node cursor Assign to selected nodes
Assign Yes Close De select the nodes and change to beam cursor.
Number 2 Type: Live
Self weight Self weight Y Factor=-1 Add.
Global Y Define Y range Mini.=3.0m Max.=33.0m Add.
Global Y Define Y range Mini.=3.0m Max.=30.0m Add.
Global Y Define Y range Mini.=30.2m Max.=33.0m Add.
Name: 1.5 (DL+LL) Normal Factor Default :1.5
Highlight Selfweight Y -1 Assign to view Assign Yes.
Highlight Member load - 12 KN/m Go to Front view Select Beam parallel toX
and Z. Front elevation view. Right click New view Ok.
Select only typical floor beams except roof beam create new view Ok.
Plan view Highlight w1=-12Select the outer portion of beams individually one by
one outer beam (9 wall portion ) Assign to selected beams Assign Yes.
Highlight Member weight w1=-6KN/m Cut section . Go to Plan view Select inner
portion of the beam Assign to selected beams Assign Yes
Go to front view Select top portion by windowing Right click New view OK.
Plan view Select outer portion of beam and highlight w1=- 4KN/m Assign to
Selected beam Assign YesClose.
5. Analysis Type :
6.. Perform Analysis :
From Main Menu ` Analysis Run Analysis
View output file Done.
Procedure for converting Static project to Equivalent Seismic Analysis:
***
Seismic parameter screen will appear.
Select Type: IS 1893-2002 Generate Add.
IS1893 seismic parameters screen will appear.
Select Zone =III. Z=0.16
Response reduction facto (RF) : (For Special RC MRF) = 5
Importance factor (I) =1.5
Rock/soil type (SS) : (For Medium soil)=2
Structure Type (ST) : (For RC Frame Building)=1
Damping Ratio (DM) = 0.05%
Period in X = 0.09 h =0.09 x33 =0.86 sec.
dx 12
Period in Z = 0.09 h =0.09 x33 =0.86sec.
dz 12
Click Zone 0.16 RF 5 I 1.5 SS 2 ST 1 DM 0.05 0.86 0.86 Add
Seismic Definition screen will appear.
Click Self weight Selfweight 1 Add.
Pressure: 0.5KN/m2 (25% of Live Load)
Y range: Mini=3.0m Max=30.0m Add Close.
Note: Initially mention some arbitrary value for member and Floor weight.
After Zone 0.16 RF 5 I 1.5 SS 2 ST 1 DM 0.05 0.86 0.86
(1) Copy the actual member weight in Load case 2 and paste it below Member weight
below the existing load value. Do the following changes:
(i) Delete the existing member weight
(ii) The ve sign changed to +ve sign . GY to be deleted.
(2)Below Floor weight:
Floor weight. Do the following changes:
(i) The existing Floor load to be deleted.
(ii)The -ve sign changed to +ve sign to be deleted.
Title: EQ in X +ve Add.
Title: EQ in Z +ve Add.
Title: EQ in Z -veAdd Close.
4. Edit the input file as follows:
In Seismic analysis EQ load should be defined first. In this case it is case No.4 to 7.
Change the load cases 4 to 7 as load case No. 1 to 4 and cut and paste it below Floor
weight after zone factor value.
5. Create a new load case No.5 as Dead Load. In that include the self weight, Member
Weight, Floor weight originally created in load cases No. 1 to 3.
6. Copy the floor load in Dead Load case No. 5 and paste in place of newly created
7.Change command in between EQ forces:
High Light Load case 3: EQ in Z+Ve.

## Click Change Add Check After current.

High Light Load case 4: EQ in Z-Ve.

## Click Change Add Check After current.

Click New category
Category name: say EQ
No. of Rule : 4 OK.

1 1.5 1.5 --
2 1.5 -- 1.5
3 1.2 1.2 1.2
4 0.9 --- 1.5

## Click Update Table Close.

Click Auto load combination select code: Indian.
from 7 to 19 on other side by highlighting and clicking > to take the load comb on
other side.) OK.
5. Design :
Click DesignConcreteCurrent code :IS456 Define
Highlight Fck =30000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Fymain =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Fysec =415000 and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes .
Highlight Ratio=3% and Select entire structure Assign to selected beam
AssignYes
Highlight Design Beam SelectBeam parallel to X SelectBeam parallel to Z
Assign to selected beam AssignYes.
Highlight Design Column Select bottom most column in Ground Floor Assign to
selected beam AssignYes .
Highlight Takeoff Assign to viewAssign YesClose.
6. Analysis Type :
7. Perform Analysis :
From Main Menu ` Analysis Run Analysis
View output file Done.
8. Results :
Go to post processing mode. Results
Click Deflection icon Results View ValueBeam Results Deflection Annotate.
Click Bending Moment Mz icon Results View ValueBeam Results Bending
Moment Ends Mid SpanAnnotate.

Click Shear Force Fy icon Results View ValueBeam Results Shear Force Ends
Annotate.
Click Axial Force Fx icon Results View ValueBeam Results Axial Force Ends
Annotate.
Note: Before going to another result remove the tick mark in Beam results.
Design Check :
Main menu Select By specificationAll failed beams.
Go to modeling mode.
Select Column (at bottom portion) Double click the columnConcrete design. Check
the bottom most storey column. If some columns in GF inner are failed, change the
size of the column for inner portion and again run the analysis, verify the result.
Similarly check the beam by double click the particular beam for find the reinforcement.
If all are passed ok. Otherwise revise the beam section if failed.
Click report set up icon.
Available : Selected:
Input 1. Sections
2. Supports

## Output Beam End Forces

Reactions
Beam Max Axial Forces
Beam Max moments
Max. Shear Forces
Beam Force Details Summary Ok.

Report:
Click Report setup icon Click input from available from left side.
Select Sections , Supports, Loadings and sent to Right side by clicking > Select output.
From output select Beam end forces, Reactions, Bending moment, Shear forces, Axial
forces , Beam force detail summary.
To Take picture:

Click take picture icon Enter the title of the sketch. Then Go to report set up. Select
picture Album. If you want to change the sketch title enter the title in caption. Adjust
the picture size by adjusting height & width. Select Full page.
To export Results in word file: