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ELECTROCHEMISTRY 1 HOUR

SMK TUNKU AMPUAN NAJIHAH TEST


CHAPTER 6
CHEMISTRY FORM 4 FORM 4
REVISION
MONTHLY TEST 3-2010

Name :........................................................................................... Form : 4 DAHLIA / SEMARAK

Answer sheet Section A

1 A B C D 6 A B C D 11 A B C D 16 A B C D

2 A B C D 7 A B C D 12 A B C D 17 A B C D

3 A B C D 8 A B C D 13 A B C D 18 A B C D

4 A B C D 9 A B C D 14 A B C D 19 A B C D

5 A B C D 10 A B C D 15 A B C D 20 A B C D

Section A
Answer all question in space provided above.

1. Which of the following substances is an 4. The figure shows the set up of the apparatus for
electrolytes? the electrolysis of molten lead (II) bromide.

I Hydrochloric acid
II Solid Zinc Bromide
III Molten Lead iodide
IV Solid Sodium chloride

A. I and III
B. I, II and III
C. I, III and IV
D. I, II, III and IV
Which of the following observations at
anode and cathode is correct
2. Why does sodium chloride conduct electricity in
molten state? Anode Cathode
Colourless gas is Brown bead is
A.
A. It is has a low melting point liberated deposited
B. It contains ion Na+ and Cl- Brown gas is Shiny grey bead is
B.
C. It soluble in water liberated formed
D. It contains free mobile ion Shiny grey besd Brown gas is
C.
is formed liberated
Colourless gas is Shiny grey bead is
3. Copper (II) sulphate is and electrolyte. Which of D.
liberated formed
the following is true about copper (II) sulphate
5. What are the ions present in an aqueous
A. It conduct electricity in solid state solution of copper (II) sulphate?
B. It conduct electricity in molten state only
C. It conduct electricity in molten and solid A. Cu2+ , SO4- and OH-
state. B. Cu2+, H+, SO42- and OH-
D. It conduct electricity in molten and aqueous C. Cu2+, H+, SO42- and O2-
state. D. Cu2+, H+, SO4- and O2-

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6. Which reaction takes place at the anode during 9. Which of the following electrolytes when
the electrolysis of copper (II) sulphate solution electrolyses will yield the same product as
using copper electrodes? sodium nitrate solution using graphite
electrodes?
A. Cu2+ + 2e  Cu
B. 4OH-  2H2O + O2 + 4e A. Aqueous silver nitrate solution
C. Cu  Cu 2+ + 2e B. Aqueous copper (II) sulphate solution
D. 2H+ + 2e  H2 C. Aqueous potassium sulphate solution
D. Molten copper (II) nitrate solution

7. When aqueous solution of copper (II) sulphate is


electrolysed using copper electrodes, which of 10. Cryolite is added to aluminium oxide in the
the following are observed? extraction of aluminium from its ore. What is the
function of cryolite?
I Hydrogen gas is liberated at cathode
II Anode become thinner A. To increase the temperature of the mixture
III Brown solid deposit at cathode B. To increase the rate of the electrolysis
IV Oxygen gas is liberated at anode C. To reduce the melting point of aluminium
oxide
A. I and II D. To reduce the heat during electrolysis.
B. II and III
C. I, II and III
D. II, III and IV 11. The gas collected at the carbon anode in an
electrolytic cell relights a glowing wooden
splinter.
Which of the following is the electrolyte
8. The figures shows the electrolysis of contained in the cell?
concentrated potassium chloride solution.
A. Molten zinc chloride
B. Copper (II) sulphate solution
C. A concentrated hydrochloric acid
D. Molten naphthalene

Electrode X Electrode Y
12. The figure shows the electrolysis of a
concentration of sodium chloride solution using
graphite electrodes.
_ +

What are the product formed at electrode X


and Y?

Electrode X Electrode Y
A. Potassium Chlorine gas
B. Hydrogen gas Chlorine gas
C. Hydrogen gas Oxygen gas What are the colours of litmus paper after
D. Potassium Oxygen gas the electrolysis started

Litmus Paper X Litmus Paper Y


A. Blue Red
B. White (bleach) White (bleach)
C. Red Blue
D. Blue White (bleach)
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13. Two metals, X and Y, are immersed in sodium 16. Diagram below shows the set-up of the
chloride solution as shown in diagram below apparatus used by a student to electroplate an
iron rod with silver metal

Silver
Iron rod
plate
Silver
nitrate
solution
What metals could X and Y The experiment was unsuccesful. The set-up
should be corrected by
X Y
A. Lead Zinc A. Using alternating current
B. Magnesium Lead B. Reversing the terminals of batery
C. Lead Silver C. Cleaning the zinc rod with sand paper
D. Iron Copper D. Remove the ammeter.

14. A solid deposit of element R is formed at the 17. Diagram below shows a Daniel cell
cathode when aqueous solution containing ions
of R is electrolysed. Which statement about
element R is correct?
Zinc plate Salt Bridge Copper
A. R forms negative ions plate
B. R ions gain electrons at cathode
C. R ions lose electrons at the cathode ZnNO3 aq CuSO4 aq
D. R is above hydrogen in electrochemical
series.
Which of the following actions will decrease the
voltage of the cell?
15. Which of the following processes are carried out
using electrolysis? A. Replace the zinc plate with aluminium plate
B. Replace the zinc plate with magnesium
I Extraction of aluminium from its ore plate
II Coating iron with copper to make it C. Replace the copper plate with silver plate
more durable D. Replace the copper plate with iron plate.
III Mixing tin and zinc to form alloy
IV Removal the impurities from copper
metal 18. A student carry out electrolysis process on
concentrated potassium chloride solution. What
A. I and II is the product obtained at cathode?
B. I, II and III
C. I, II and IV A. Potassium deposit
D. II, III and IV B. Hydrogen gas
C. Oxygen gas
D. Chlorine gas

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19. Table below gives information about three 20. Diagram below shows the formation of a grey
simple cells. metal when metal Q is immersed into zinc
nitrate solution
Metal at Metal at Diferrent
negative positive potential Metal Q
terminal terminal (V)
K Fe 0.20
Zinc
L Fe 1.40 Zinc metal
nitrate
Fe M 0.68

What is the potential difference of the pair of


matals K and M? What is metal Q?

A. 0.48 A. Iron
B. 0.72 B. Magnesium
C. 0.88 C. Copper
D. 1.20 D. Zinc

Section B
Answer all question

1. Diagram 1.1 shows the set-up apparatus to investigate the electrolysis of dilute copper (II)
sulphate solution.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji elektrolisis larutan kuprum (II) sulfat cair.

Dilute Copper (II) sulphate solution


Larutan kuprum (II) sulfat cair

Carbon electrode X
Carbon electrode Y
Elektrod karbon X
Elektrod karbon Y

Diagram 1.1 /Rajah 1.1


a. i. What is meant by cation?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan kation?

...............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

ii. What is the energy change that occurs in the electrolysis process?
Apakah perubahan tenaga yang berlaku dalam proses elektrolisis itu?

...............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
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b. In the electrolysis of dilute copper (II) sulphate solution:
Di dalam proses elektrolisis larutan kuprum (II) sulfat cair:

i. In the table below write the ions in b(i) which moved to electrodes X and Y
Di dalam jadual dibawah tuliskan ion-ion di dalam b(i) yang bergerak ke elektrod X dan Y
[2 marks]

Elektrode X / Elektrod X Electrode Y / Elektrod Y

ii. What would you observe at electrode Y?


Apakah yang akan anda perhatikan pada elektrod Y?

...............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

Name the product at electrod X and Y


Namakan hasil yang terhasil pada elektrod X dan elektrod Y
[2 marks]

Elektrode X / Elektrod X Electrode Y / Elektrod Y

iii. What would you observe at electrode Y?


Apakah yang akan anda perhatikan pada elektrod Y?

...............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

iv. Write the ionic equation at electrode X and Y


Tuliskan persamaan ion pada elektrod X dan elektrod Y

Electrode X / Elektrod X :......................................................................................................

Electrode Y / Elektrod Y :.......................................................................................................


[2 marks]

v. State the confirmation test for the product at electrode X


Nyatakan ujian pengesahan ke atas hasil yang terhasil pada elektrod X

...............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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2. Diagram 2.1 shows the set up of apparatus of a chemical cell.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan susunan radas sel kimia.

Copper Magnesium

Copper (II) nitrates Magnesium


solution nitrate
solution

Diagram 2.1

(a) Mark the direction of the flow of electrons in the above diagram.
Tandakan arah pengaliran elektron pada rajah di atas.
[1 mark]

(b) (i) What is the function of the salt bridge?


Apakah fungsi titian garam?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(ii) Suggest a suitable chemical substance to be used as salt bridge


Cadangkan bahan kimia yang sesuai untuk digunakan sebagai titian garam

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark]

(c) State the energy change in the cell above.


Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang berlaku dalam sel di atas.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(d) (i) State the negative terminal


Nyatakan terminal negatif.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(ii) Explain your answer in d(i).


Terangkan jawapan anda di (d)(i).

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
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(e) (i) State one observation at the copper electrode.
Nyatakan satu pemerhatian pada elektrod kuprum

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(ii) Write the half equation for the reaction in (e) (i).
Tuliskan persamaan setengah bagi tindakbalas di (e) (i).

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(f) (i) State one observation at the magnesium electrode.


Nyatakan satu pemerhatian pada elektrod magnesium

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(ii) Write the half equation for the reaction in (f) (i).
Tuliskan persamaan setengah bagi tindakbalas di (f) (i).

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

End of question

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