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HowdoIcalculatethesidefacereinforcementina
What is the need of side face reinforcement in beam?
beamwithadepthmorethan750mm?

Whydoweusedevelopmentlengthinbeam
5Answers reinforcement?

Jinal Doshi, Structural engineer and founder of structural madness Whydoweusereinforcementinplinthbeam?


Answered8Dec2015
Whereisasinglyreinforcedbeamused?
Consider a regular beam and a deep beam. Both the beams are under reinforced and
designed in such a way that it will show tension controlled failure. The strains in tension in Howdoyoudesignthisbeamandshowthe
reinforcementdetails?
both the beams are greater than yield strain. Now both the beams are subjected to ultimate
loads or near ultimate loads. Tests have shown the following results: Whatisanchoragevalueofbeamreinforcement?

In case of regular beam, the cracks had maximum crack width near the tension Whyisthetensionforceusedtofindmomentof
reinforcement. But then as the beams were not too deep, the strain triangle dropped pretty resistanceinunderreinforcedbeams?
quickly to zero and then changed to compressive strain. This caused very low tensile strains
Whathappenswhenthetopreinforcementofthe
in the web region of the beam and so the web of the beam did not show any signicant concretebeamiscutoff?
cracking.
Whatisdoublyreinforcedbeam?
In case of deep beam, as the tension reinforcement is much more deeper than before, a large
Whytheneedarisesforprovidingtiesinbeam?
amount of concrete cross section was subject to tensile strains and this strain diagram did
not vary as quickly as in case of shallow beam. This means a larger chunk of concrete was in
tension and so the beams showed very wide cracking in web and in many cases they were
wider than the cracks near the bottom of the beam where reinforcement was present. The
reason is, near the extreme tension bre there is a presence of steel which can control
tension strains, but near web there was no reinforcement and once the concrete cracks, it
has no resistance in tension. This means that the crack get wider and there is no stopping.

Thus the provision of side reinforcement came into existence so that we can control cracks
in web in case of deep beams.

Source: ACI 318-11 and BS8110.

3.4kViews21UpvotesAnswerrequestedbyArchitPatel

RelatedQuestions MoreAnswersBelow

HowdoIcalculatethesidefacereinforcementinabeamwithadepthmorethan750mm?

Whydoweusedevelopmentlengthinbeamreinforcement?

Whydoweusereinforcementinplinthbeam?

Whereisasinglyreinforcedbeamused?

Howdoyoudesignthisbeamandshowthereinforcementdetails?

Abhi, Structural Engineer, Android Developer


Updated3dago
Concrete cracks when tensile strain exceeds .0001.

We provide reinforcement wherever cracks are expected to occur.

The intent of providing side face reinforcement is to control the crack width
in tensile zone of concrete.

As per the design philosophy considering a balanced section the member is designed such
that concrete reaches compressive strain of 0.0035 when steel reaches tensile strain of
0.002+0.87fy/Es.

In relatively shallow depth members, the tensile cracks usually develop at the tensile most
ber and propagate towards the neutral axis. Tensile strains above the reinforcement are
not substantial and thus there additional reinforcement is not essential.
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RelatedQuestions

HowdoIcalculatethesidefacereinforcementina
beamwithadepthmorethan750mm?

Whydoweusedevelopmentlengthinbeam
reinforcement?

Whydoweusereinforcementinplinthbeam?

In the above gure the area of the beam shaded in red is having tensile strain more than Whereisasinglyreinforcedbeamused?
cracking strain of concrete. As you could see that in relatively shallow depth beam the
distance between the neutral axis and tensile reinforcement is small and the main steel Howdoyoudesignthisbeamandshowthe
present can control tensile strains. reinforcementdetails?

Whereas, in the case of beams with substantial depth, the tension reinforcement is much Whatisanchoragevalueofbeamreinforcement?

deeper than beams of shallow depth, thus a large amount of concrete section is subjected to
Whyisthetensionforceusedtofindmomentof
tensile strains therefore cracks may develop in the tension zone above the resistanceinunderreinforcedbeams?
reinforcement up-to neutral axis and the cracks could propagate easily.
Whathappenswhenthetopreinforcementofthe
Also, cracking can occur in large unreinforced exposed faces of concrete on account of concretebeamiscutoff?
shrinkage and temperature variations.
Whatisdoublyreinforcedbeam?
4kViews6UpvotesAnswerrequestedbySupranChakravarty
Whytheneedarisesforprovidingtiesinbeam?

Richard Guy, Richard Guy is a Structural Engineer: worked all over the World.
Answered2Dec2015

If I interprit your qquestion correctly. Side face reinforcement is to prevent spalling on


concrete beams exposed to extreme weather conditions. Hope this is what you are looking
for. On may bridge abutments you can see spalling occuring as the concrete is weathered
with Winter Cold and Summer heat. These surfaces that have ssssspaaalled are usually
repaired in the summer by rendering or pressure grouting the spalled Page on
ssurfaces.in time they come apart again and the repair process goes on constantly.

2kViews2UpvotesAnswerrequestedbyArchitPatel

Chaitanya Kadam, studied at University of Mumbai


Answered15Jan

1. A.Need of side facing Reinforcement

This type of REINFORCEMENT is only used when depth of BEAM is 750 mm and
more than 750m.ie:D>750mm

The basic concept of SIDE REINFORCEMENT is to Avoid cracks in Concrete after it


getting Hard or set.

Cracks are basically due To bending moment acting on beam.

This bars are provided equally on both side


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RelatedQuestions

HowdoIcalculatethesidefacereinforcementina
beamwithadepthmorethan750mm?

Whydoweusedevelopmentlengthinbeam
reinforcement?

Whydoweusereinforcementinplinthbeam?

Whereisasinglyreinforcedbeamused?

Howdoyoudesignthisbeamandshowthe
reinforcementdetails?

Whatisanchoragevalueofbeamreinforcement?

Whyisthetensionforceusedtofindmomentof
resistanceinunderreinforcedbeams?

Whathappenswhenthetopreinforcementofthe
concretebeamiscutoff?

Whatisdoublyreinforcedbeam?

Whytheneedarisesforprovidingtiesinbeam?

The provision of SIDE FACE REINFORCEMENT is according to IS456:2000.

595Views1Upvote

Gagan Saxena, Civil engineer


Answered13May2016

It is provided to check the lateral crack width in the beam having depth More than 750 mm
otherwise the crack width will increase to a larger measure and corrosion will happen
through making the beam weak and its structural strength will compromise.

1.3kViews3Upvotes

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