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FACULTY OF MEDICINE UPH

LIPPO VILLAGE KARAWACI TANGERANG - BANTEN

MANUAL OF ANATOMY LABORATORY

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM BLOCK


SEMESTER III, 2017/2018; BATCH 2016

Bernard SM Hutabarat, dr, PAK


Stefanus S.S, dr, M.Biomed

MORTUI VIVO DOCENT


( THE DEAD TEACH THE LIVING )

GENERAL RULES AT THE DISSECTING ROOM.

MORTUI VIVOS DOCENT ( THE DEAD TEACH THE LIVING ) is an


universal basic principle that must always be remembered by every medical
students and those who study Anatomy on cadaver.
Universally, MORTUI VIVOS DOCENT means that medical students
learn from the dead so the cadavers also become their teacher.
Based on MORTUI VIVOS DOCENT every medical student who works
on cadavers must obey Code of Ethic of Anatomy as follows :

Students :

1. 1. Prepare him / herself for Laboratory practice, including :


1.1. Study the Lab. Manual accordingly before coming to Dissection Room.
1.2. Bring along Anatomy dissecting instruments ( minimum 1 for each group )
1.3. Must bring along Lab. Manual, Anatomy atlas and ( if necessary )
anatomy lecture materials
1.4. Wear Laboratory dress properly
2. Respect the cadavers as the students respect their teachers.
3. NOT Allowed to take cadavers photo and video.
4. NOT make fun of cadavers or parts of the cadavers whatever the condition of
the cadavers or parts of the cadavers might be.
5. NOT throw part of the cadaver if his / her fellow student wants to borrow the
specimen
6. Give / take directly the specimen from his / her fellow student if he / she wants
to lend / borrow the specimen.
7. NOT damage cadavers or parts of the cadavers on purpose or for fun.
8. NOT playing during practise in the lab
9. Work very carefully to avoid accidents from dissection instruments.
MUST prepare him / herself for Laboratory practice, including :
9.1. Study the Lab. Manual accordingly

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9.2. Bring along Anatomy dissecting instruments ( minimum 1 set for each group )
9.3. Bring along Lab. Manual, Anatomy atlas and ( if necessary ) anatomy lecture
materials
9.4. Wear the required Laboratory dress properly

WEEK ( LABORATORY ) ONE


Monday, September (18,19,21) 2017 :

TOPICS : GROSS ANATOMY OF THE HEART

LEARNING OBJECTIVES :

After finished laboratory practice Student should be able to identify :


1. Location of the heart at human body and its relation
2. Position of the heart at its location.
3. Imaginary axis of the heart
4. Topographical relation between heart and surrounding organs.
5. External parts of the heart, in situ and at the heart specimen

PROCEDURES :

1. Discuss among the group bones of the thoracic cavity ( cavitas thoracis ).
How many bones make the thoracic cavity ? Look for their parts
2. Discuss among the group how to divide mediastinum into superior mediastinum
mediastinum superius ) and inferior mediastinum ( mediastinum inferius ).
3. Identify at the cadaver the mediastinum. Look for :
3.1. Superior mediastinum ( mediastinum superius ).
3,2. Inferior mediastinum ( mediastinum inferius ), consists of :
3.2.1. Anterior mediastinum ( mediastinum anterius )
3.2.2. Middle mediastinum ( mediastinum medius )
3.2.3. Posterior mediastinum ( mediastinum posterius )
4. Discuss among the group : where is the location of the heart ?
5. Identify cover of the heart. Look for pericardium.
5.1 Percardium parietale
5.2 Pericardium viscerale
Discuss among the group : what is pericardial friction rub ?
6. Discuss among the group:
6.1. Imaginary axis of the heart ( cardiac axis, axis cardiacus )
6.2. What is the influence of axis cardiacus to the position of the heart
6.3. What is the influence of axis cardiacus to morphology anatomy of the heart
7. Identify the external part of the heart at the specimen . Look for :
7.1. Anterior/sternocostal surface of the heart (Facies anterior/sternocostalis
cordis)
7.2. Diaphragmatic/inferior surface of the heart (Facies diaphragmatica/inferior
cordis )

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7.3. Right border of the heart ( Margo dexter cordis )
7.4. Left border of the heart ( Margo sinister / obtusus cordis )
7.5. Acute margin of the heart ( Margo acutus codis )
7.6. Sulci of the heart ( sulci cordes ) :
7.6.1 .Anterior interventricular sulcus of the heart ( Sulcus interventricularis
anterior cordis ).
What vessels are located there?
7.6.2. Posterior interventricular sulcus of the heart (Sulcus interventricularis
posterior cordis ).
What vessels are located there?
7.6.3. Coronary sulcus of the heart ( Sulcus coronarius cordis ).
What vessels are located there?
8. Identify chambers of the heart externalli.

SPECIMENS :

1. Cadaver
2. Cor ( Heart )
3. Heart model.

INSTRUCTORS :

1. Bernard SM Hutabarat,dr,PAK
2. Stefanus S Sumali,dr,M,Biomed
3. Deisy Budiono,dr

REFERENCES

1. Atlas of Anatomy:
2. Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminologies ( FIFAT ) :
Terminologia Anatomica , 2nd edit. Georg Thieme Verlag , Stuttgart New York
3. Textbook of Anatomy
4. Textbook of Anatomy
5. Lecture materials

GOD SPEED AND BLESS THE STUDENTS