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Mahamrityunjaya Mantra

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The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra (Sanskrit: , mahmtyujaya mantra


"Great Death-conquering Mantra"), also called the Tryambakam Mantra, is a verse of the
Rigveda (RV 7.59.12). It is addressed to Tryambaka, "the three-eyed one", an epithet of
Rudra, later identified with Shiva.[1][2] The verse also recurs in the Yajurveda (TS 1.8.6.i; VS
3.60)[1]

Contents
1 Mantra text
2 Literal Meaning of the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra
3 Simple Translation
4 Origin
5 Significance
6 See also

7 References
8 External Links

Mantra text
The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra reads:

In Devanagari script: In IAST transliteration:


o tryambaka yajmahe
sugandhi pui-vardhanam
urvrukam-iva bandhann

mtyormukya mmtt

In some Hindu Religious books the complete mantra has been mentioned as:-

o hrau j sa
o bhrbhuva sva
o tryambaka yajmahe sugandhi pui-vardhana
urvrukam iva bandhann mtyormukya mmtt
o sva bhuva bh
o sa j hrau o

which is its Tantric version.

Literal Meaning of the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra


Word to Word meaning of the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra:-

o = is a sacred/mystical syllable in Sanatan Dharma or Indian religions, i.e.


Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism,[3]
tryambakam = the three-eyed one (accusative case),
yajmahe = We worship, adore, honour, revere,
sugandhim = sweet smelling, fragrant (accusative case),
pui = A well-nourished condition, thriving, prosperous, fullness of life,
vardhanam = One who nourishes, strengthens, causes to increase (in
health, wealth, well-being); who gladdens, exhilarates, and restores health; a good
gardener,
urvrukamiva = like the pumpkin <a kind of Indian vegetable>
(in the accusative case),

:::::Note:- urvrukam: 'urva' means "vishal" or big and powerful or deadly. 'arukam' means
'disease'. Thus urvrukam means deadly and overpowering diseases. (The pumpkin
interpretation given in various places is also correct for the word urvrukam, but not apt for
this mantra). The diseases are also of three kinds caused by the influence (in the negative) of
the three guas and are ignorance (avidy), falsehood (asat, as even though Vishnu is
everywhere, we fail to perceive Him and are guided by our sight and other senses) and
weaknesses (aripu, a constraint of this physical body and Shiva is all powerful).

bandhann = "from captivity" {i.e. from the stem of the cucumber}


(of the gourd); (the ending is actually long a then -d which changes to n/anusvara
because of sandhi)

:::::Note:- bandhann: means bound down. Thus read with urvrukam iva, it means 'I am
bound down just as by deadly and overpowering diseases'.

mtyormukya = Free, liberate From death


mmtt = (give) me immortality, emancipation

Urva () does not mean 'Vishal' in sanskrit but oorva (); so


please make the necessary correction here!

Simple Translation
OM We worship Shiva, the Three-eyed Lord who is fragrant and who nourishes and nurtures
all beings. As is the seasoned cucumber (with the intervention of the gardener) freed from its
bondage (to the creeper) May He liberate us from death for the sake of immortality. OM[4]

Origin
The Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra was found by Rishi Markandeya. It was a secret mantra, and
Rishi Markandeya was the only one in the world who knew this mantra. The Moon was once
in trouble, cursed by King Daksha. Rishi Markandeya gave the Mahamritryunjaya Mantra to
Sati, Daksha's daughter, for the Moon. This is how this mantra became known which
according to another version is the Bija mantra as revealed to Rishi Kahola that was given by
Lord Shiva to sage Sukracharya who taught it to Rishi Dadicha who gave it to King Kshuva
through whom it reached the Shiva Purana.[5]

It is also called the Rudra mantra, referring to the furious aspect of Lord Shiva; the
Tryambakam mantra, alluding to Shiva's three eyes; and it is sometimes known as the Mrita-
Sanjivini mantra because it is a component of the "life-restoring" practice given to the
primordial sage Sukracharya after he had completed an exhausting period of austerity. Its
Devata is Rudra or Lord Shiva in his fiercest and most destructive roopa or aspect. In the
Vedas it finds its place in three texts - a) the Rig veda VII.59.12, b) the Yajur Veda III.60,
and c) the Atharva Veda XIV.1.17.[6]

Significance
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is the great mantra for conquering death for it protects against all
threats and at the time of death eases the process of release.[7] It is one of the more potent of
the ancient mantras, a call for enlightenment and a practice of purifying the karmas of the
soul at a deep level. It is beneficial for mental, emotional and physical health.[8] It is also a
moksha mantra which bestows longevity and immortality.[9]

According to some puranas, the Mahamrityunjaya Mantra has been used by many Rishis as
well as Sati during the time when Chandra suffered from the curse of Prajapati Daksha. By
reciting this mantra, the effect of the curse of Daksha, that could make him die, slowed, and
Shiva then took Chandra and placed it upon his head.

This mantra is addressed to Lord Shiva for warding off untimely death.[10] It is also chanted
while smearing Vibhuti over various parts of the Body and utilised in Japa or Homa (havan)
to get desired results. While its energy protects and guides the intiates a mantra re-links
consciousness to its deeper and more abiding nature and repetition of the mantra constitutes
Japa, the practice of which develops concentration that leads to a transformation of
awareness. Whereas the Gayatri Mantra is meant for purification and spiritual guidance, the
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra is meant for healing rejuvenation and nurturance.[11]

Smearing melumuri,memulas
Abiding tak kunjung hilang
Nurture pemeliharaan

See also
Vibhuti
- Aum/Om

References
1. ^ Jump up to: a b MAHA MRITYUNJAYA MANTRA MEANING,
SIGNIFICANCE, AUDIO
2. Jump up ^ Mrityunjaya Mantra- Victory over Death
3. Jump up ^ Om
4. Jump up ^ "Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra, Meaning, Significance, Audio".
5. Jump up ^ "Mahamrityunjaya Mantra".
6. Jump up ^ Swami Vibhooti Saraswati. "Mahamrityunjaya Mantra-Door into Eternal
Life".
7. Jump up ^ A Thousand Suns:Designing your Future With Vedic Astrology. Yes
International Publishers. p. 214.
8. Jump up ^ "Mahamrityunjaya Mantra".
9. Jump up ^ Vishnu Devanand. Meditations and Mantras:An Authoritative Text. New
Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 63.
10. Jump up ^ David Frawley. Mantra Yoga and Primal Sound. Lotus Press. p. 158.
11. Jump up ^ Rolf Sovik. Moving Inward:The Journey to Meditation. Himalayan
Institute Press. p. 162.

External Links
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra Sadhana Puja Anusthan Vidhi
Mrityunjaya mantra for Original Vibhuti