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1.

1750 BC: Sumerians brew beer


2. 500 BC: Chinese use moldy soybean curds as an antibiotic to treat boils
3. 1590: Janssen invents the microscope
4. 1675: Leeuwenhoek discovers cells (bacteria, red blood cells)
5. 1830:Proteins are discovered
6. 1833: The first enzymes are isolated
7. 1855: The Eschirium coli bacterium is discovered
8. 1859: Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species
9. 1864: Louis Pasteur shows all living things are produced by other living things
10. 1865: The age of genetics begins
11. 1902: Walter Sutton coins the term gene - proposed that chromosomes
carry genes
12. 1910: Chromosomal theory of inheritance proved
13. 1928: Fleming discovers antibiotic properties of certain molds
14. 1941: George Beadle and Edward Tatum propose that one gene makes one
protein
15. 1949: Sickle cell anaemia demonstrated to be molecular disease
16. 1952: The Waring Blender experiment
17. 1953: The double helix is unraveled
18. 1967: The genetic code is cracked
19. 1973: Recombinant DNA technology begins
20. 1975: First international conference on recombinant DNA technology
21. : DNA sequencing discovered
22. : Monoclonal antibody technology introduced
23. 1978: Genentech inc. Established
24. : Genentech use genetic engineering to produce human insulin in E. coli
25. Kary Mullis discovers PCR
26. 1989: The Human Genome Project begins
27. 1990: First use of gene therapy
28. : First product of recombinant DNA technology introduced to US food chain
29. 1993: FDA announces that transgenic food is safe
30. 1994: The FLAVRSAVR tomato - first genetically engineered whole food
31. 1996: First mammal cloned from adult cells (Sheep)
32. : Development of Affymetrix GeneChip
33. 1990s:First conviction using genetic fingerprinting
34. 1997: First artificial chromosome
35. 1998: Human embryonic stem cells
36. 1999: Celera announces completion of Drosophila genome sequence
37. 2000: 90% of Human Genome sequence published on web
38. 2001: Human genome project complete