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: .
) P( x, z ) = k S . S( x, z
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) :P(x,z .
:KS
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) S( x ,z .Y
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) (p ) (S - :
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"Ks -"Modulus Of Subgrade Reaction
) (1
Biot (1937), Terzaghi .
) (1955), Vesic (1961), US Navy (1982

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348
- - 2012 -

:qult . - .
- :kgler et Scheidig - .
E
K s = od - .
Z - .
:Eod . ][4
-1-1 :
:Z .
-1 -1-1 :
]:[1
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- .
. - CBR
-2 - )(.
-2-1-1 :
- :
:
- :
.
- : k ) (BB :
. 2
B + 0.3
K (kN / m3 ) = K 0.3
- : s 2B
. K (kN / m 3 ) = K 0.3
0.3
s
B
-1 -2 :
:K0.3
:
).(0.3m0.3m
-1-1-2 10
:Ks
. ).(BB
-2-1-2 2m/ - :
5
: :
e d c b a KS (kN/m3) = 40 qa
qa = qult / Fs :
10 8 6 4 2 )(m
:FS 2.5
-3-1-2
0.6 1.25 1.9 40
) -
80 120 160 .
(.
349

- . -4-1-2 ) -
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-5-1-2 .
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-

= y
CC
)e = f(p
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-
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)e = f(log p
. y 0.015
-
. 0.015 < y 0.05
)kS = f(p
0.05 < y 0.2
-
. y > 0.2
)kS = f(e
-1-2-2 : -
) (3) (2) (1 )kS = f(s
- p S
:
)S = f(P
: -
)(1 :e .
s d
No e w
P0
:P .
(kN/m3) (kN/m3) (kN/m3) 0 )(t/m2
a 20.67 27 16.95 0.593 0.220 3.8 :S.
b 20.78 27 17.12 0.577 0.214 7.8
c 20.86 27 17.24 0.566 0.21 11.7 :Ks .
d 20.88 27 17.29 0.562 0.208 15.6 -7-1-2
e 20.92 27 17.34 0.557 0.206 19.6

:
.
.
-8-1-2
s .
a
d .
2 m :
e 0 .
-
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-
)kS = f (s
- )s = f (t

350
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- : : -
)(2
s d P0
e
(kN/m3) (kN/m3) (kN/m3) 0
No
)(t/m2
a 20.16 27.1 16.1 0.683 0.252 3.5
b 20.24 27 16.26 0.661 0.245 7.5
c 20.24 26.9 16.3 0.651 0.242 11.12
d 20.27 26.9 16.36 0.644 0.239 14.8
e 20.4 27 16.5 0.636 0.236 18.48
: -
)(3
)(3

) (cc=0.11 s d
e
P0
(kN/m3) (kN/m3) (kN/m3) 0
No
)(t/m2
)(y = 0.07 a 18.28 27.1 13.13 1.063 0.392 2.94
: b 18.71 27.2 13.76 0.976 0.359 5.96
c 18.8 27 13.98 0.931 0.345 9.06
d 18.93 27 14.18 0.904 0.335 12.2
e 19.13 27.1 14.47 0.873 0.322 15.36

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:

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.

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.

351

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352
- - 2012 -

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353

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-8
-
)(16



. .
-7 :
) (a
) (2m
) (1 2kg/cm2 ) (16
ks .
.
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-
)(17




. .

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. -

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5- Terzaghi , k , peck , R.B. 1955, Soil
Mechanics in Eng. Practice.
6- Daloglu, A.T., vallabhan C.V.G., 2000,
values of k for slab on winkler foundation, J.
Geotechnical and Geoenviromental
Engineering.
7- Terzaghi, K.V., 1955, Evaluation of
coefficient of subgrade reaction,
Geotechnique.
8- Stavridis, L.T., 2000, Simplified analysis of
layered soil-structure interaction , J. Struct.
Eng.
9- Hicher, PY., 1996, Elastic properties of soils,
J. Eng. Mech. ASCE.
10- Bowles, J.E, 1998, Foundation Analysis and
Deign, McGrow-Hill International Editions,
6th ed.
11- Vesic A.B., 1961, Beams on elastic subgrade
and Winkler's hypothesis,Proc. 5th. Int. Conf.
Soil Mech.
12- Elachachi et al, 2004, Computers and
Geotechnics.
13- Foundations et ouvrages en terre par Gerard
Philipponnat et Bertrand Hubert, p91,
Troisieme tirage 2002, EDITION
EYROLLES.

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