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The Koebner phenomenon or Kbner phenomenon (pronunciation), also called the Koebner

response or the isomorphic response, attributed to Heinrich Kbner, is the appearance of skin
lesions on lines of trauma.[1] The Koebner phenomenon may result from either a linear exposure or
irritation. Conditions demonstrating linear lesions after a linear exposure to a causative agent
include: molluscum contagiosum, warts and toxicodendron dermatitis (a dermatitis caused by a
genus of plants including poison ivy). Warts and molluscum contagiosum lesions can be spread in
linear patterns by self-scratching ("auto-inoculation"). Toxicodendron dermatitis lesions are often
linear from brushing up against the plant. Causes of the Koebner phenomenon that are secondary to
scratching rather than an infective or chemical cause include vitiligo, psoriasis, lichen planus, lichen
nitidus, pityriasis rubra pilaris, and keratosis follicularis (Darier disease).