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JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist for Randomized Controlled Trials

Reviewer : Ns. Nova Ari Pangesti, S.Kep


Ns. Wahyu Riyaningrum, S.Kep
Title : The effect of regular aerobic exercise on both positive and negative
symptoms of male patients with chronic Schizophrenia: A double
blinded study
Author : Hossein Namdar areshtanab
Date : 05 September 2017
Year : 2016
Record Number : ISSN No: 2319-5886
No Question Yes No Unclear NA
1 Was true randomization used for assignment of participants to V
treatment groups?
2 Was allocation to treatment groups concealed? V
3 Were treatment groups similar at the baseline?. V
4 Were participants blind to treatment assignment? V
5 Were those delivering treatment blind to treatment assignment? V
6 Were outcomes assessors blind to treatment assignment? V
7 Were treatment groups treated identically other than the V
intervention of interest?
8 Was follow up complete and if not, were differences between V
groups in terms of their follow up adequately described and
analyzed?
9 Were participants analyzed in the groups to which they were V
randomized?
10 Were outcomes measured in the same way for treatment groups? V
11 Were outcomes measured in a reliable way?
12 Was appropriate statistical analysis used? V
13 Was the trial design appropriate, and any deviations from the V
standard RCT design (individual randomization, parallel groups)
accounted for in the conduct and analysis of the trial?

Critical Appraisal menggunakan PICO tools


1. Population : The present study, which has been done on 68 male patients with
chronic Schizophrenia, is a double-blinded clinical trial study. Randomly chosen
samples have been categorized in two groups of case(34 patients) and control (34
patients).
(Penelitian ini telah dilakukan kepada 68 pasien laki laki dengan Schizophrenia
kronis. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara acak dan sampel dikategorikan
menjadi 2 kelompok yang terdiri dari kelompok kasus 34 pasien dan 34 kelompok
kontrol).

Populasi: populasi dari penelitian ini adalah seluruh pasien laki-laki yang terdiagnosa
skizofrenia kronik dimanahadir (periksa) di rumah sakit Psychiatric RAZI, TABRIZ,
IRAN. Sampel dari penelitian ini adalah 68 pasien laki-laki.

2. Intervention : regular aerobic exercise program during 24 sessions over 8 weeks,


11hours in total.
(Intervensi yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan melakukan latihan
senam aerobik kepada pasien laki laki dengan dengan Schizophrenia kronis selama
24 sesi kurang lebih 8 minngu dan total dilakukan selama 11 jam. Setelah itu baru
dilihat ada pengaruh atau tidak antara latihan regular aerobik terhadap gejala negatif
dan positif pasien).

3. Comparison : Dalam penelitian ini membandingkan antara kelompok kasus yang


diberi latihan aerobik dengan kelompok kontrol yang tidak diberikan latihan aerobik.

4. Outcome : The results demonstrated that there is no significant relationship


between before intervention in terms of positive and negative symptoms of disease
(P>0.05). Furthermore, the results indicated that there is a significant statistical
difference between the average total score of positive and negative symptoms of the
disease in both case and control group after intervention (P<0.05).
Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa tidak ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara
sebelum intervensi terhadap gejala positif dan negatif dari penyakit Schizophrenia
kronis dengan nilai (P>0.05). Walaupun demikian Hasil mengindikasikan bahwa ada
perbedaan yang signifikan antara skore total rata rata gejala positif dan negatif dari
penyakit Schizophrenia pada kelompok kontrol dan kelompok kasus setelah dilakukan
intervensi latihan senam aerobik yaitu dengan nilai (P<0.05).