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JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross Sectional Studies

Reviewer : Ns. Uly Pramuditya Isnaini, S.Kep


Ns. Agustiningsih, S.Kep
Date : 5 September 2017
Title : Comorbidity of schizophrenia and social phobia impact on quality of
life, hope, and personality traits: a cross sectional study
Author : Kristyna Vrbova, Jan Prasko, Marie Ociskova, Michaela Holubova
Year : 3 August 2017
Record Number : Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2017: 13 2073-2083

No Question Yes No Unclear NA


1 Were the criteria for inclusion in the sample clearly defined? V
2 Were the study subjects and the setting described in detail? V
3 Was the exposure measured in a valid and reliable way? V
4 Were objective, standard criteria used for measurement of the V
condition?
5 Were confounding factors identified? V
6 Were strategies to deal with confounding factors stated? V
7 Were the outcomes measured in a valid and reliable way? V
8 Was appropriate statistical analysis used? V

Critical Appraisal menggunakan PICO tools


1. Populasi: Pasien yang hadir di poli rawat jalan klinik psikiatrik Olomouc, Czech
Republik. Kuisioner diberikan kepada 70 orang pasien rawat jalan dengan penyakit
Skizofrenia.
2. Intervensi: -
3. Comparation: penelitian ini membandingkan antara kelompok yang memiliki tingkat
kesakitan sosial fobia dengan kelompok yang tidak memiliki tingkat kesakitan sosial
fobia pada pasien dengan penyakit skizofrenia, gangguan skizoafektif, atau delusi yang
termasuk dalam kriteria International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10).
4. Outcome:
a. Pasien dengan tingkat kesakitan sosial fobia menunjukkan penurunan onset
penyakitnya secara signifikan dibanding pasien tanpa tingkat kesakitan sosial fobia
(score of PANSS, objCGI-S, BDI-II, BAI, LSAS, dan Q-LES-Q unpaired t-test:
t=4.863, df= 58; P<0,0001).
b. Pasien dengan sosial fobia lebih mengalami penurunan pada level of hope (ADHS
unpaired t-test: t=2.710, df= 57; P<0,01) dan merasa meningkat self-stigma dirinya
(ISMI unpaired t-test: t=4.251, df= 59; P<0,0001).
c. Pasien dengan tingkat kesakitan sosial fobia menunjukkan peningkatan harm
avoidance (HA) dan penurunan self-directedness (SD) dengan TCI-R P<0,001.