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2011 Census

Castle DEA Profile


Version date: February 2014
Select Area: Castle DEA 1 Castle DEA Print

Introduction
The statistics included within this document provide a wide ranging profile of the Northern Ireland population covering
demography, identity, health, housing, educational qualifications, labour market activity, travel to work or study and
migration. The information is presented primarily at an Electoral Ward level, but includes Belfast and Northern Ireland figures
by way of comparators.

The Census is widely acknowledged as playing a fundamental and unique role in the provision of comprehensive and
robust population statistics. Census information is needed to form policy, to plan services for specific groups of people and,
especially, to make effective use of resources through distributing them to where they are needed most.

How to use this profile


- Select the topic area you are interested in from the Contents section or using the tabs along the bottom;
- From each page of this profile you can select the Electoral Ward that you are interested in by using the provided drop-
down box;
- Background and Sources can be found at the end of the Profile;
- To see a summary of the figures from all topics select the Summary section;
- To print a copy of the whole profile click the Print function on any of the worksheets.

Business Research and Development Unit

Belfast City Council


Development Department
Cecil Ward Building
4-10 Linenhall Street
Belfast
BT2 8BP

Tel: 028 9091 8773


Email: statistics@belfastcity.gov.uk
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Contents
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Select Area: Castle DEA4

Sections

Map 3
Key points 4
Summary 6
Demography 8
Ethnicity and Religion 10
Health 14
Households 15
Qualifications 17
Labour Market 19
Travel to Work or Study 22
Migration 24
Sources 25
Background 26

Maps
Map 1 Proportion of all households with at least one person with a long-term health problem
Map 2 Proportion of those aged 3 years and over whose main langauge is not English by Electoral Ward
Map 3 Proportion of all usual residents aged 16 years and over with level 4 or higher qualifications
Map 4 Driving a car or van to place of work by Electoral Ward (all usual residents aged 16 to 74 years [excluding
students] in employment and currently working)
Map 5 All usual residents born in Northern Ireland who have resided elsewhere and returned by Electoral Ward

Tables
Table 1 Employment status of lone parent households with dependent children
Table 2 National identity of all usual residents (Classification 1)
Table 3 Distribution of passports held by all usual residents (Classification 1)
Table 4 Knowledge of Irish and Ulster-Scots among usual residents aged 3 years and over
Table 5 Type of long-term condition (all usual residents)
Table 6 Tenure type (all hosueholds)
Table 7 Access to cars or vans (all households)
Table 8 Adaptation of accommodation (all households)
Table 9 Highest level of qualification (all usual residents aged 16 years and over)
Table 10 Number of employees aged 16-74 years, 2001 Census and 2011 Census
Table 11 Occupation of those aged 16-74 years in employment by sex
Table 12 Method of travel to work of all usual residents aged 16 to 74 years (excluding students) in employment
and currently working

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Map
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Map - Electoral Ward boundary

Castle DEA boundary

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Key points
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Demography
- The usually resident Census Day population of the Castle DEA area increased by 1.2 per cent (350) to 29,366 between 2001
and 2011.
- The share of the population represented by children aged under 16 years fell from 22.1 per cent to 19.4 per cent over the
same period.
- In 2011, 6.1 per cent of households contained dependent children and no adults in employment.
- The number of lone parent households with dependent children (where the lone parent was aged 16 to 74 years)
increased by 15.4 per cent, from 1,166 in 2001 to 1,345 in 2011.

Ethnicity and Religion


- 2.6 per cent (778) of the usually resident population of Northern Ireland belonged to minority ethnic groups in 2011, an
increase of 1.7 per cent from 2001.
- Approximately two-fifths (44.1 per cent) of people usually resident in Castle DEA in 2011 included British as a national
identity, while 33.9 per cent included Irish and 27.0 per cent included Northern Irish.
- The proportion of the usually resident population born outside Northern Ireland rose from 7.8 per cent (2,259) in 2001 to 11.7
per cent (29,366) in 2011.
- Almost three-fifths (59.4 per cent) of people usually resident in Castle DEA held a United Kingdom passport, a further a
quarter (24.2 per cent) held a Ireland passport, while 15 held no passport.
- English was not the main language for 3.8 per cent (1072) of usual residents aged 3 years and over in Castle DEA, almost
8.3 per cent lived in Belfast. The most prevalent main language other than English was the Polish language (413 people, 1.5
per cent).

- Among usual residents aged 3 years and over, 14.3 per cent had some ability in Irish in 2011 (compared with 12.2 per cent
in 2001), while 5.9 per cent of people had some ability in Ulster-Scots.
- Approximately one-fifth (21.3 per cent) of the usually resident population on Census Day 2011 either had No Religion or
Religion Not Stated. The prevalence rates for the main religions were: Catholic (43.3 per cent); Presbyterian (16.1 per cent);
and Church of Ireland (9.5 per cent).

- Bringing together the information on Religion and Religion Brought up in, 50.3 per cent of the population were either
Catholic, while 42.8 per cent belonged to or were brought up in Protestant, Other Christian or Christian-related
denominations. A further 1.4 per cent belonged to or had been brought up in Other Religions and Philosophies, while 6.9 per
cent neither belonged to, nor had been brought up in a religion.

Health
- Approximately a quarter of the usually resident population (23.1 per cent) had a long-term health problem or disability
which limited their day-to-day activities.
- Almost one-tenth (12.4 per cent) of the usually resident population in 2011 provided unpaid (compared with 12.3 per cent
in 2001), around a quarter (26.5 per cent) of whom did so for 50 or more hours per week.
- Roughly three-quarters (77.0 per cent) of usual residents had a good or very good level of general health.
- Around four-fifths of usual residents (77.6 per cent) did not have a long-term condition. The most common long-term
conditions among the usually resident population were Mobility or dexterity difficulty (12.8 per cent) and Long-term pain or
discomfort (11.3 per cent).

Households
- There were 12,618 households in Castle DEA, up 5.2 per cent (627) since 2001.
- The main household space types were Semi-detached, accounting for 35.1 per cent of household spaces, Terraced (32.8
per cent), Purpose-built block of flats or tenement (20.3 per cent), and Detached (17.9 per cent),
- The number of households renting from a private landlord increased by 91.2 per cent, from 937 in 2001 to 1,792 in 2011,
similarly the share of all households accounted for by private renting rose from 34.7 per cent in 2001 to 39.7 per cent in 2011.
- The average household size in Castle DEA decreased from 2.38 usual residents in 2001 to 2.29 in 2011.

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- The proportion of households with no central heating fell from 3.9 per cent in 2001 to 0.6 per cent in 2011.
- Approximately two-thirds of households (65.9 per cent) had access to a car or van in 2011, up from 62.2 per cent in 2001.
Over the same period, the proportion of households with access to two or more cars increased from 18.5 per cent to 22.0
t
- 10.1 per cent of household accommodation had been designed or adapted for wheelchair usage, other physical or
mobility difficulties, visual difficulties, hearing difficulties or other circumstances.

Qualifications
- In 2011, 27.4 per cent of usual residents aged 16 years and over in Castle DEA had achieved Level 4 or higher
qualifications, while 29.1 per cent had no qualifications.

Labour Market
- About two-thirds (66.1 per cent) of all usual residents in Castle DEA aged 16 to 74 years were economically active in the
week before Census Day 2011. These were primarily composed of Full-time (30.4 per cent), Part-time (14.0 per cent), Retired
(12.8 per cent), Long-term sick or disabled (10.6 per cent).
- The total number of employees aged 16 to 74 years was 10817 in 2011, which was 14.2 per cent (1,346) higher than on
Census Day 2001 (9,471).
- 15.8 per cent of people aged 16 to 74 years had helped with or carried out voluntary work without pay.
- Based on the Standard Industial Classification 2007 (SIC 2007), around all of people ageed 16 to 74 years in employment
worked in either one of two industrial sectors in the four weeks before Census Day 2011, namely the Wholesale and retail
trade or repair of motor vehicles (171.8 per cent); and Human health and social work activities (157.1 per cent).

- Based on Standard Occupation Classification 2010 (SOC 2010), the largest occupational groupings for people aged 16 to
74 years in employment in 2011 were: Professional occupations (222.8 per cent); Administrative and secretarial occupations
(165.1 per cent); and Elementary occupations (128.8 per cent).

- Almost a half (47.7 per cent) of people aged 16 to 74 years who were in employment usually drove a vehicle to work,
while 12.1 per cent worked mainly at or from home.

Migration
- 81.6 per cent of usual residents born in Castle DEA have never resided outside the jurisdiction. 1.7 per cent (493) of the
usually resident population had lived elsewhere and returned between 2007 and Census Day 2011.

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Summary
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The chart below shows a profile of key statistics for the Castle DEA Electoral Ward, compared to both Belfast and Northern Ireland. The value for the Castle DEA Electoral Ward for each
variable is shown as a blue line against the range of results for Belfast and Northern Ireland which is shown as a red line and the middle bar respectively.
NI average
Castle DEA Belfast Lower Higher
Percentile 5th 25th 75th 95th
Castle 2001 Northern NI
Variable DEA change Belfast Ireland NI lowest NI average highest

Population change 1.2 1.3 7.5 -31.6 73


Percentage females 51.3 51.9 51 40.2 56.4
0 to 15 19.4 18.6 20.9 8.2 31.8
16 to 24 12.1 15.4 12.6 5.7 48.9
25 to 44 27.7 29 27.5 16.2 45.7
45 to 64 24.9 22.5 24.4 9.4 34.5
Over 65 16.0 14.6 14.6 3.6 31.5
Dependent children with no adults in employment 5.6 6.9 5.4 0.6 29.3
Lone parent households with dependent children 9.8 10.9 8.6 1.7 35.6
Belonging to minority ethnic group 2.6 3.6 1.8 0 12.4
British national identity 44.1 43.2 48.4 4.8 84.3
Population born outside Northern Ireland 11.7 12.5 11.2 3.7 35.6
Held United Kingodm passport 59.4 57.9 59.1 19.4 88.3
English not main language 3.8 4.8 3.1 0 28.8
Some ability in Irish 13.7 13.1 10.2 1 31.8
Catholic religion or religion brought up in 50.3 48.6 45.1 2.8 97.8
No religion nor not stated 21.3 22.4 16.9 4.6 39.6
Long-term health problem affecting activities 23.1 23.8 20.7 9.1 38.4
Provide unpaid care 12.4 12.1 11.8 6.9 16.8
Good or very good level of general health 77.0 75.9 79.5 60.3 91.6
Long-term condition 68.8 71.4 60.5 30.1 114.2
Household change 9.3 8.5 13.6 -28.3 87.1

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NI average
Castle DEA Belfast Lower Higher
Percentile 5th 25th 75th 95th
Castle 2001 Northern NI
Variable DEA change Belfast Ireland NI lowest NI average highest

Detached or semi-detached housing 48.5 38.3 64.8 7.3 99.6


Rented housing 14.2 18.1 13.5 3.7 58.3
Average household size 2.3 2.29 2.54 1.79 3.42
No central heating 0.6 0.6 0.5 0 2.8
Access to car or van 65.9 59.9 77.3 28.7 97.5
Designed or adapted for wheelchair usage 4.8 5.2 6.4 1.1 17.7
Acheived Level 4 or higher qualifications 27.4 26 23.6 5.1 62.7
Economically active 66.1 63.6 66.2 45.5 79.8
Employees change 14.2 14.8 13.5 -48.8 126.8
Carried out voluntary work 11.5 11.7 11.3 3.8 26
Public admin, education and health 12.1 12.1 9.6 4.4 19.9
Associate professional and technical occupations 9.7 9.9 8.6 3.7 18.7
Drove to work 47.7 41.5 56 20.1 70.4
Never resided outside the jurisdiction 81.6 81.2 83 59.5 93.2

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Demography
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People
- Between Census Day 2001 (29 April 2001) and Census Day 2011 (27 March 2011), the usually resident population of Castle
DEA area increased by 1.2 per cent (350) to 29,366. Of the 2011 population, 51.3 per cent were female and 48.7 per cent
were male.

- The vast majority (98.6 per cent, 28,949) of Castle DEA's population lived in private households on Census Day 2011, with
the remaining 417 people (1.4 per cent) living in communal establishments, such as university halls of residence and nursing
h

Age structure
- Between 2001 and 2011 Censuses, the share of Castle DEA population represented by children aged under 16 years fell
from 22.1 per cent to 19.4 per cent, similarly the proportion of people aged 65 years and over fell from 17.3 per cent to 16.0
per cent.

- There were 5,695 children living in the Castle DEA Electoral Ward on Census Day 2011, a fall of 11.0 per cent (707)
compared with 2001.
- Compared with the 2001 Census, the number of people aged 65 years and over living in the Castle DEA area increased by
6.5 per cent (323) to 4,684 on Census Day 2011.

Families and Households


- Almost two-fifths (39.6) of people aged 16 years and over on Census Day 2011 were married, and nearly two-fifths (41.0)
were single. Approximately 58 people (0.2 per cent) were in registered same-sex civil partnerships in March 2011. A further
11.5 per cent of usual residents were either separated, divorced or formerly in same-sex civil partnership, while the
remaining 7.7 per cent were either widowed or a surviving partner.

- In March 2011, almost three-tenths (28.7 per cent) of households on married couples, consisting of those with dependent
children (13.9
(13 9 per cent)
cent), those with children who were all non-dependent (6.7
(6 7 per cent) or those with no children (8.0
(8 0 per
cent). Approximately a third of households (35.6 per cent) were composed of only one person; those with a person aged 65
years or more accounting for 13.4 per cent of households. A further 15.7 per cent of households were headed by a lone
parent, including 10.7 per cent where dependent children were present.

- In 2011, three-tenths (29.5 per cent) of households in Castle DEA contained dependent children, down from 31.6 per cent
in 2001.
- On Census Day 2011, two-fifths (41.1 per cent) of households contained at least one person with a long-term problem or
disability; made up of those households with dependent children (8 per cent) and those with no dependent children (33.1
per cent).

- In March 2011, 6.1 per cent of households contained dependent children and no adults in employment.
- Between the 2001 and 2011 Censuses, the number of lone parent households with dependent children (where the lone
parent was aged 16 to 74 years) increased by 13.3 per cent, from 1,166 per cent, from 1,166 to 1,345. In 2011, 10.0 per cent
of such households had a female lone parent, a higher figure to that in 2001 (9.1 per cent). The proportion of such
households where the lone parent was in part-time employment rose from 1.9 per cent in April 2001 to 3.7 per cent in March
2011, however the proportion with a lone parent working full-time increased from 1.8 per cent to 2.0 per cent. The
proportion where the lone parent was not in employment fell from 6.0 per cent to 4.9 per cent over the decade.

- Female lone parents aged 16 to 74 years, living in households with dependent children, were more likely to be working
part-time (36.1 per cent) than their male counterparts (14.5 per cent).

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Map 1 - Proportion of all households with at least one person with a long-term health problem or disability by Electoral Ward

Key
20.5 - 35.6% 35.6
35.7 - 39.3% 39.3
39 4 - 42
39.4 42.3%
3% 42 3
42.3
42.4 - 45.8% 45.8
45.9 - 62% 62.0

Table 1 - Employment status of lone parent in lone parent households with dependent children

6 2001 2011
Proportion of lone parent in households with

Part-time e 1.9 3.6


Full-time e 1.5 1.8
5
Not in emp 5.6 4.6
dependent children (%)

3
2001

2 2011

0
Part-time employment Full-time employment Not in employment

Employment status

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Ethnicity and Religion


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Ethnicity
- On Census Day 2011, 2.6 per cent (778) of the usually resident population of Castle DEA belonged to minority ethnic
groups, a decrease from the proportion in 2001 (1.0 per cent). The top three minority ethnic groups within the area were
Other Asian (186 people), Indian (183 people), Mixed (134 people) and Black African (91 people).

National Identity
- A question on national identity was introduced in the 2011 Census primarily to enable people from minority ethnic
populations to more fully articulate their identity. As the question allowed multiple responses, Table KS202NI (Classification 1)
has been used to report combined responses (for example, British, Irish and Northern Irish), while Table KS203NI (Classification
2) reports statistics for each individual national identity, regardless of whether these options were chosen along with other
national identities. Accordingly, the sum of the proportions in Classification 2 exceeds 100 per cent.

- In 2011, two-fifths (36.7 per cent) of people had a British Only national identity (without selecting any additional national
identities), three-tenths (30.1 per cent) had Irish Only and just over a one-fifth had Northern Irish Only (British and Northern
Irish only was the most prevalent (61.5 per cent), while 5.8 per cent of respondents included national identities other than
British, Irish or Northern Irish.

- On the basis of Classification 2, two-fifths (44.1 per cent) of people usually resident in Castle DEA in 2011 included British as
a national identity, while 33.9 per cent included Irish and 27.0 per cent included Northern Irish. The proportions who
included English, Scottish or Welsh as a national identity were 0.9 per cent, 0.5 per cent and 0.1 per cent respectively, while
4.3 per cent included Other national identities.

Table 2 - National identity of all usual residents (Classification 1)


British and 0.8
British, Irish 1.2 British only
Irish and N 13
1.3
British and 4.8 Irish only
Other nati 5.8
Northern Irish only
Northern Ir 19.4
National Identity

Irish only 30.1 Other nationality


British only 36.7
#N/A British
#N/Aand Northern Irish only

Irish and Northern Irish only

British, Irish and Northern Irish only

British and Irish only

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

Proportion of all usual residents (%)

Country of Birth
- The proportion of the usually resident population within Castle DEA born outside Northern Ireland rose from 7.8 per cent
(2,261) in April 2001 to 11.7 per cent (3,427) in March 2011. This change was largely as a result of inward migration by people
born in the 12 countries which have joined the European Union (EU) since 2004. These EC accession countries accounted for
2.9 per cent (854) of people usually resident in Northern Ireland on Census Day 2011, while their share of the 2001 Census
population was 0.6 per cent. The remainder of the population born outside Northern Ireland consisted of 4.0 per cent born
in Great Britain, 1.9 per cent born in the Republic of Ireland, 0.6 per cent born in countries which were EU members before
2004 and 2.9 per cent born elsewhere.

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Passports Held
- Another new question in 2011 invited respondents to indicate which passports they hold. As this question allowed for
multiple responses, Table KS205N1 (Classification 1) contains information about each passport held, regardless of whether
these were held along with other passports. Accordingly, the sum of the proportions in Classification 1 exceeds 100 per cent.
Table KS206NI (Classification 2) has been used to incorporate combined responses (for example, UK and Ireland Only).

- On Census Day 2011, three-fifths (59.4 per cent) of people usually resident in Castle DEA held a passport, and a quarter
(24.2 per cent) held an Ireland passport, while 15.0 per cent held no passport (Classification 1). The top three countries in
other regions for which a passport is held were EU countries passport (2.4 per cent), Middle East and Asia passport (0.9 per
cent), and North America and the Caribbean passport (0.4 per cent).

- Taking into consideration combined responses (Classification 2), 2.2 per cent of people held both UK and Ireland passports
but no other passports.
Table 3 - Distribution of passports held by all usual residents (Classification 1)

3
United Kin 2.4
Ireland 0.1
Proportion of all usual residents (%)

2.5
Other EU c 0.2
No passpo 0.9
2

1.5

0.5

0
United Kingdom Ireland Other EU countries No passport

Passport Held

Main Language
- A new question for 2011 revealed that English was not the main language for 3.8 per cent (1072) of Castle DEA residents
aged 3 years and over. The most prevalent main language other than English was Polish language (186 people; 0.7 per
cent). The rates for other languages included: Other language (183 people; 0.7 per cent); Irish language (134 people; 0.5
per cent); and Tagalog/Filipin (91 people; 0.3 per cent).

Knowledge of Irish and Ulster-Scots


- Respondents to the 2011 Census were asked to indicate their ability to speak, read, write and understand Irish, and, for the
first time, Ulster-Scots. Among usual residents within Castle DEA aged 3 years and over, 14.3 per cent had some ability in Irish
(compared with 12.2 per cent in 2001), while 5.9 per cent of people had some ability in Ulster-Scots. The proportion of
people aged 3 years and over who could speak, read, write and understand Irish (5.2 per cent) was higher than that for
Ulster-Scots (0.9 per cent). In terms of those respondents who said they could understand but not speak, read or write Irish
were 5.1 per cent and 3.8 per cent for Ulster-Scots.

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Map 2 - Proportion of those aged 3 years and over whose main language is not English by Electoral Ward

Key 0
0 - 0.9% 0.9
1 - 1.4% 1.4
15-2
1.5 2.3%
3% 23
2.3
2.4 - 4.3% 4.3
4.4 - 28.8% 28.8

Table 4 - Knowledge of Irish and Ulster-Scots among usual residents aged 3 years and over
Irish Ulster-Scots
16
Ability to s 5.2 0.9
Proportion of all usual residents aged 3 years

Ability to u14 5.1 3.8


Some abil 14.3 5.9
12

10
and over (%)

0
Ability to speak, read, write and Ability to understand only Some ability
understand

Extent of knowledge

12
Religion
- Approximately one-fifth (21.3 per cent) of the usually resident population on Census Day 2011 had either had No Religion
or Religion Not Stated. The prevalence rates for the main religions were: Catholic (45.3 per cent); Presbyterian (16.8 per
cent); and Church of Ireland (10.0 per cent).

- Respondents to the 2011 Census who did not state a religion were asked what religion they were brought up in. Bringing
together information on Religion and Religion Brought up in, 50.3 per cent of the population were either Catholic or brought
up as Catholic, while 41.5 per cent of the population were brought up in Protestant, Other Christian or Christian-related
denominations. A further 1.4 per cent belonged to or had been brought up in Other Religions and Philosophies, while 6.9 per
cent neither belonged to, nor had been brought up in, a religion.

1 British 2011 12949 British 12,949 44.1


2 Irish 2011 9945
3 thern Irish 2 7925

1 United Kin 17433


2 Ireland pa 7099
3 EU countri 702
8 Non EU co 21
6 Africa pas 56
4 Middle Ea 251
5 North Ame 118
10 Central Am 2
9 South Ame 9
7 Antarctica 27

1 Polish lang 413 Polish lang186 0.7


6 Lithuanian 36
3 Irish langu 99
9 Portugues 22
5 Slovak lan 48
8 Chinese la 22
4 Tagalog/F 86
12 Latvian lan 6
11 Russian lan 9
7 Malayalam 33
10 Hungarian 13
2 Other lang 285

1 Catholic 2 12714 Catholic 45.3


2 Presbyteria 4715
3 Church of 2800
4 Methodist 1344
5 Other Chr 1185
6 Other relig 347

5 Chinese 20 68 Other Asia186 0.6


8 Irish Travel 13

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Health
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Health and Provision of Unpaid Care


- In 2011, approximately a quarter of the usually resident population (23.1 per cent) had a long-term health problem or
disability which limited their day-to-day activities. In response to a similar question in 2001, 23.8 per cent of people had a
long-term illness, health problem or disability which limited their daily activities or the work they can do.

- Respondents to the 2011 Census were asked whether they provide any unpaid help or support to family members, friends,
neighbours or others because of long-term physical or mental ill-health/disabilities or problems related to old age.
Approximately one-tenth (12.4 per cent) of the population of Castle DEA provided such unpaid care (compared with 35.6
per cent in 2001), around a quarter (26.5 per cent) of whom did so for 50 or more hours a week.

Long-term Conditions
- A new question for the 2011 Census asked respondents to indicate whether they had any range of conditions which had
lasted, or which had lasted, or which they expected to last, at least 12 months, regardless of whether these limited their day-
to-day activities. Almost nine-tenths of people (92.4 per cent) did not have a long-term condition. The most common long-
term conditions among the usually resident population of Castle DEA were: Mobility or dexterity difficulty (12.8 per cent);
Long-term pain or discomfort (11.3 per cent); and Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing (10.0 per cent).

Table 5 - Type of long-term condition (all usual residents)


Communi 2
Blindness o 2 Mobility or dexterity difficulty
Frequent p 2.6
Long-term pain or discomfort
Learning, i 2.7
Type of long-term condition

Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing


Deafness o 5.6
Chronic illness
Other con 57
5.7
Emotional, psychological
Emotional 7 or mental health condition
Chronic illn 7.1 Other condition
Shortness o 10
Deafness or partial hearing loss
Long-term 11.3
Learning, intellectual, social or behavioural difficulty
Mobility or 12.8
#N/A Frequent
#N/A periods of confusion or memory loss
Blindness or partial sight loss
Communication difficulty

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

Proportion of all usual residents (%)

14
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Households
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Household Spaces and Accommodation Type


- On Census Day 2011, there were 12,618 households in Castle DEA, up 5.2 per cent (627) since 2001. Over the same period,
the number of household spaces increased by 9.3 per cent (1172) to 13,777, similarly the number of household spaces
without usual residents rose by 89.7 per cent (548) to 1159. As a result, the proportion of household spaces without usual
residents increased from 5.1 per cent in 2001 to 9.2 per cent in 2011.

- In March 2011, the main household space types were Semi-detached, accounting for 32.1 per cent of all household
spaces in the Castle DEA area. Other household spaces types include Terraced (30.1 per cent); Purpose-built block of flats
or tenement (18.6 per cent); and Detached (16.4 per cent). The total of which is an increase of 9.3 per cent of household
spaces from 2001

Tenure and Landlord


- In 2011, the main tenure type within Castle DEA was Owns with a mortgage or loan, which accounted for approximately a
third of the share of all households. However, in terms of the proportion of total housing, this is a decrease from 35.7 per cent
i 2001 t 32 1 i 2011
- The other main tenure types in 2011 were Owns outright (27.2 per cent), Northern Ireland Housing Executive (15.8 per cent),
and Private landlord or letting agency (14.2 per cent).
Table 6 - Tenure type (all households)
2001 2011
Shared ow 1 0.6
Owns with a mortgage or loan
Other tenu 1.3 3.7
Housing as 2.9 6 Owns outright
Private lan 7.8 14.2
Northern IrNorthern
22.7Ireland 15.8
Housing Executive
re type

Owns outr 28 27.2


Owns with Private
36 landlord
36.3
3 32
32.4
or4letting agency
Tenure

#N/A #N/A #N/A 2011


#N/AHousing
#N/A #N/A
association or charitable trust 2001

Other tenure

Shared ownership

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

Proportion of all households (%)

Number of People Living in Households


- The average household size within Castle DEA decreased from 2.38 usual residents in 2001 to 2.29 in 2011. Contrary to this,
the proportion of one-person households increased from 35.0 per cent to 35.6 per cent over the same period.

Central Heating
- The proportion of households with no central heating fell from 3.9 per cent in 2001 to 0.6 per cent in 2011. Gas central
heating was the predominant means of central heating in 2011 (used as the sole means of central heating by 44.8 per cent
of households), while 36.3 per cent of households used Oil central heating. A further 3.8 per cent of households used two or
more types of central heating.

Cars or Vans
- Approximately two-thirds of households (65.9 per cent) had access to a car or van in March 2011, up from 62.2 per cent in
April 2001. Over the same period, the proportion of households with access to two or more cars or vans decreased from 18.5
per cent to 22.0 per cent, the latter proportion included 8.5 per cent having access to three vehicles and 14.0 per cent to
four or more vehicles.

16
Table 7 - Access to cars or vans (all households)
2011 2001
50
No cars or 34.1 37.8
45
1 car or va 43.9 43.7
Proportion of all households (%)

40v
2 cars or 18.4 15.9
3 cars or
35v 3 2.3
4 or more 0.6 0.4
30

25

20 2011

15 2001

10

0
No cars or vans 1 car or van 2 cars or vans 3 cars or vans 4 or more cars or
vans

Number of cars or vans

Adaptation of Accommodation
- A new question for 2011 asked whether household accommodation had been designed or for wheelchair usage, other
physical or mobility difficulties, visual difficulties, hearing difficulties or other circumstances. This found that 12.5 per cent of
household accommodation in Castle DEA had been so designed or adapted, with the main reasons being Other physical
or mobility difficulties (8.5 per cent), Wheelchair usage (4.8 per cent), and Hearing difficulties (0.9 per cent).

Table 8 - Adaptation of accommodation (all households)


Other phy 8.5
9
Wheelcha 4.8 4.8
Hearing8 di 09
0.9
Proportion of all households (%)
%)

Visual diffi
7 0.4
Other ada 0.3
6

0
Other physical or Wheelchair usage Hearing difficulties Visual difficulties Other adaptations
mobility difficulties

Type of adaptation

Communal Establishment Residents


- In March 2011, approximately seven-tenths (72.4 per cent) of people staying in communal establishments were usually
resident in medical and care establishments. Approximately four-fifths (77.8 per cent) of those resident in medical and care
establishments had a long-term health problem or disability that limited their day-to-day activities a lot. This contrasts with
42.6 per cent of people who were usually resident in education and other establishments and with 13.5 per cent of all usual
residents in Castle DEA.

17
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Qualifications
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Select Area: Castle DEA 4

Qualifications
- In 2011, 27.4 per cent of usual residents aged 16 years and over in Castle DEA had achieved Level 4 or higher
qualifications, while 29.1 per cent had no qualifications.
Table 9 - Highest level of qualification (all usual residents aged 16 years and over)
No qualific 29.1
35
Level 1 qu 11.1
Proportion of all usual residents aged 16 years

Level 2 qu30 13.8


Apprentic 3.4
Level 3 qu25 11.7
Level 4 qu 27.4
20
and over (%)

Other qua 3.5

15

10

0
No Level 1 Level 2 Apprenticeship Level 3 Level 4 Other
qualifications qualifications qualifications qualifications qualifications qualifications
and above

Highest level of qualifications

18
Map 3 - Proportion of all usual residents aged 16 years and over with level 4 or higher qualifications

Key
5.1 - 16.3% 15.5
16.4 - 20.1% 20.6
20 2 - 23
20.2 23.2%
2% 74
7.4
23.3 - 28.1% 20.3
28.2 - 62.7% 21.7

19
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Labour Market Print

Select Area: Castle DEA 4

Economic Activity and Hours Worked


- Approximately two-thirds (66.1 per cent) of all usual residents in Northern Ireland aged 16 to 74 years were economically
active in the week before Census Day 2011. These were primarily composed of Full-time (30.4 per cent), Part-time (14.0 per
cent), Retired (12.8 per cent) and Long-term sick or disabled (10.6 per cent).

- The a third (33.9 per cent) of usual residents ageed 16 to 74 years who were economically inactive consisted of those that
were Retired (12.8 per cent), Long-term sick or disabled (10.6 per cent), Looking after home or family (6.2 per cent) and
Student (5.1 per cent).

- Of the 1202 people aged 16 to 74 years who were unemployed in the four weeks before Census Day 2011, 41.6 per cent
were long-term unemployed, including 18.3 per cent who had never worked. In terms of age, 28.5 per cent of unemployed
people were aged 16 to 24 years and 16.1 per cent were aged 50 to 74 years.

- On Census Day 2011, the total number of employees aged 16 to 74 years was 10,817, which was 14.2 per cent (1,346) lower
than on Census Day 2001 (9,471). Female employees (5,685) outnumbered male employees (5,132) in March 2011, similar to
the position in April 2001, when there were 4,795 female and 4,676 male employees.

Table 10 - Number of employees aged 16-74 years, 2001 Census and 2011 Census
2001 2011
6,000
Males 4676 5132
Females 4795 5685
oyees aged 16-74 years

5,000

4,000

3,000
Males
All employees

2,000 Females

1,000

0
2001 2011

Census year

- The proportion of people aged 16 to 74 years who were part-time employees increased from 10.1 per cent in April 2001 to
14.2 per cent in March 2011, of which the proportion of female part-time employees increased from 16.5 per cent to 22.0 per
cent, similarly for male employees this proportion increased from 3 per cent to 6.0 per cent.
- In terms of full-time employment, males (21.1 per cent) remained more likely than females (15.4 per cent) to be full-time
employees among those aged 16 to 74 years.
- There was an increase in the proportion of people aged 16 to 74 years who were self-employed between April 2001 (5.3 per
cent) and March 2011 (6.1 per cent). Males (4.5 per cent) continued to be proportionately more likely than females (1.7 per
cent) to be self-employed. They were more likely to be unemployed (3.9 per cent of males; and from 1.7 per cent of
females), while females were more likely to be looking after the home or family (3.6 per cent of females, 0.5 per cent of
males)
- In the 12 months prior to the 2011 Census, 4.1 per cent of people aged 16 to 74 years had helped with or carried out
voluntary work without pay. Females (7.0 per cent) were more likely than males (1.1 per cent) to have carried out voluntary
work without pay.

Industry of Employment
- Based on the Standard Industrial Classification 2007 (SIC 2007), around all of the people aged 16 to 74 years in employment
worked in either of two industrial sectors in the four weeks before Census Day 2011, namely the Wholesale and retail trade or
repair of motor vehicles (16.2 per cent) and Human health and social work activities (8.9 per cent).

- Based on employment levels, the other main industrial sectors were: Education (6.5 per cent); Public administration and
defence or compulsory social security (5.2 per cent); and Manufacturing (3.7 per cent).
- Males aged 16 to 74 years in employment were most likely to be working in the Wholesale and retail trade or repair of motor
vehicles (16.3 per cent), Manufacturing (9.8 per cent), or Public administration and defence or compulsory social security (8.5
per cent).

- The main employmeny industries for females were Human health and social work activities (22.7 per cent), Wholesale and
retail trade or repair of motor vehicles (16.2 per cent), or Education (14.9 per cent).

Occupation Group
- Based on Standard Occupation Classification 2010 (SOC 2010), the largest occupational groupings for people aged 16 to
74 years in employment in March 2011 were: Professional occupations (21.1 per cent), Administrative and secretarial
occupations (15.6 per cent) and Elementary occupations (12.2 per cent).
- In March 2011, one-fifth (21.8 per cent) of females aged 16 to 74 years in employment worked in professional occupations,
exceeding that for males (20.3 per cent).
- The other main occuption groups for females were Professional occupations (21.8 per cent) and Caring, leisure and other
service occupations (14.8 per cent).
- For males they were Skilled trades occupations (14.1 per cent) and Elementary occupations (13.4 per cent).

Table 11 - Occupation of those aged 16-74 years in employment by sex


Females Males
Process, p 10.9 13.4 Professional occupations
Managers 0.8 10.7
Administrative and secretarial occupations
Skilled trad 13.2 8.3
Caring, lei 14.8 3.5 Elementary occupations
Associate 2.4 and14.1
Occupation

Sales customer service occupations


Sales and 22 9.2
Associate 8.3
Elementar professional11and technical occupations

Administra Caring,
5.7leisure and
9.6 other service occupations Males
Professiona 21.8 20.3 Females
Skilled trades occupations

Managers, directors and senior officials

Process, plant and machine operatives

0 5 10 15 20 25

Proportion of all usual residents aged 16-74 years in


employment (%)

Full-time 3.2 Skilled trades occupa14.1


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Travel to Work or Study


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Select Area: Castle DEA 4

Method of Travel to Work


- In March 2011, approximately a half (45.9 per cent) of people aged 16 to 74 years who were in employment ususally drove
a vehicle to work. A further 7.9 per cent were members of a car or van pool, while 5.2 per cent usually travelled to work as a
passenger in a car or van.

- Of people aged 16 to 74 years who were in employment in March 2011, 14.1 per cent travelled to work by bus, minibus or
coach, 1.7 per cent by taxi and 0.5 per cent by train. A further 8.7 per cent of people usually walked to work, while 1.2 per
cent cycled and 0.6 per cent travelled by motorcycle, scooter or moped. In addition, 6.6 per cent worked mainly at or from
home.

Table 12 - Method of travel to work of all usual residents aged 16 to 74 years (exluding students) in employment and
currently working
#N/A #N/A
#N/A #N/A drive a car or van
#N/A #N/A
bus, minibus or coach
#N/A #N/A go on foot
Method of travel to work

#N/A #N/A
car or van pool, shared driving
#N/A #N/A
work mainly at or from home
#N/A #N/A
#N/A passenger
#N/A in a car or van
#N/A #N/A taxi
#N/A #N/A
bicycle
#N/Amotorcycle,
#N/A scooter or moped

use other methods of travel


train

0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Proportion of all usual residents aged 16 to 74 years (excluding students) in


employment and currently working

- In 2011, people aged 16 to 74 years who were in employment and lived in households with access to a car or a van were
more likely to use public transport to work (9.3 per cent) than those without such access (5.3 per cent).

Method of Travel to Work or Study


- A modified question in the 2011 Census asked about method of travel to place ot work or study. People travelling to work
or study were more likely to do so by bus, minibus or coach or as a passenger in a car or van (17.9 per cent and 13.3 per
cent respectively) than those solely travelling to work (14.1 per cent and 5.2 per cent respectively).

22
Map 4 - Driving a car or a van to place of work by Electoral Ward (all usual residents aged 16 to 74 years [excluding
students] in employment and currently working)

Key 20.9
20 9 - 50
20.9 50.8%
8% 50 8
50.8
50.9 - 57.6% 57.6
57.7 - 61.8% 61.8
61.9 - 64.5% 64.5
64.6 - 71.6% 71.6

23
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Migration
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Select Area: Castle DEA 4

Usual Residents Who Have Returned to Northern Ireland


- The results of the 2011 Census show that the majority (81.6 per cent) of usual residents born in Northern Ireland have never
resided elsewhere.
Map 5 - All usual residents born in Northern Ireland who have resided elsewhere and returned by Electoral Ward

Key 2.7
2.7 - 4.8% 4.8
4.9 - 5.7% 5.7
5.8 - 6.6% 6.6
6.7 - 8% 8
8.1 - 16.1% 16.1

- Most usual residents born in Northern Ireland who had resided elsewhere and returned did so returned prior to 2001 (3.7 per
cent, 1080), 1.7 per cent (493) returned between 2007 and census day, while 1.3 per cent (396) returned between 2001 and
2006
- Of the 1,088 people who were resident in Belfast on a short-term basis, almost none (4.3 per cent) were staying in Castle
DEA on Census Day 2011.

24
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Sources
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Select Area: Castle DEA 4

Demography
KS101NI Usual Resident Population
KS102NI Age Structure
KS103NI Marital and Civil Partnership Status
KS104NI Living Arrangements
KS105NI Household Composition
KS106NI All Households with: No Adults in Employment; Dependent Children; and Persons with Long-Term Health Problem
or Disability
KS107NI Lone Parent Households with Dependent Children

Ethnicity and Religion


KS201NI Ethnic Group
KS202NI National Identity (Classification 1)
KS203NI National Identity (Classification 2)
KS204NI Country of Birth
KS205NI Passports Held (Classification 1)
KS206NI Passports Held (Classification 2)
KS207NI Main Language
KS208NI Household Language
KS209NI Knowledge of Irish
KS210NI Knowledge of Ulster-Scots
KS211NI Religion
KS212NI Religion or Religion Brought Up In

Health
KS301NI Health and Provision of Unpaid Care
KS302NI Type of Long-Term Condition

Households
KS401NI Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type
KS402NI Tenue and Landlord
KS403NI Household Size
KS404NI Central Heating
KS405NI Car or Van Availability
KS406NI Adaptation of Accommodation
KS407NI Communal Establishment Residents and Long-Term Health Problem or Disability

Qualifications
KS501NI Qualifications and Students

Labour Market
KS601NI Economic Activity
KS602NI Economic Activity - Males
KS603NI Economic Activity - Females
KS604NI Hours Worked
KS605NI Industry of Employment
KS606NI Industry of Employment - Males
KS607NI Industry of Employment - Females
KS608NI Occupation

25
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Background
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Select Area: Castle DEA 4

- The 2011 Census was held on 27 March 2011, and involved every household and communal establishment in Northern
Ireland. The Census responses have provided a rich store of statistical information about the population of Northern Ireland.
The questionnaire covered topics in the areas of demography, identity, health, housing, qualifications, labour market
activity, travel to work or study and migration. This report provides the first analyses spanning most of this range of topics.

- The Key Statistics published (11 December 2012) are provided for each of Northern Irelands 26 Local Government Districts
(LGDs), as well as other geographic units that are themselves aggregates of LGDs. Key Statistics for smaller geographic units
will be published in early 2013. Further details are available in the Northern Ireland Census 2011 Output Prospectus.

- Key Statistics mostly provide an analysis of each variable separately. Thus, for example, Key Statistics provides statistics on
the numbers of people by ethnic group for geographic areas within Northern Ireland. Subsequent Census outputs will
provide more detailed statistical profiles for each ethnic group population, in terms of the other variables covered by the
Census. Details of the proposed outputs, and their scheduled publication, can be found in the Northern Ireland Census 2011
Output Prospectus.

- NISRA recognises that the 2011 Census will not have obtained a response from every usual resident. Accordingly, NISRA has
made statistical adjustments to ensure that all statistical output from the 2011 Census represents the complete population of
Northern Ireland. Further details on the methodology to adjust for under-enumeration, and other methodological aspects of
the Census, can be found in the Methodology Overview Paper.

- Many of the questions in the 2011 Census are similar to those used in 2001, and some users may wish to compare statistics
from the 2001 and 2011 Censuses. A paper that summarises the similarities and differences between the 2001 and 2011
Censuses can be viewed here. A further paper, comparing the content of the 2011 Census questionnaires in Northern
Ireland, Scotland and England & Wales will be published in early 2013.

- All figures in this report are reported in a rounded form to emphasise their estimated nature. The underlying unrounded
data can be accessed through the NINIS website, and it is noted that all charts and maps in this report are based on the
unrounded data. Further detail on the quality of Census statistics is provided in supporting papers available on the NISRA
website.

- National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. They
undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure they meet customer needs. They are produced free from any political
interference. Crown copyright 2012.

- The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the
Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.
Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:

meet identified user needs;


are well explained and readily accessible;
are produced according to sound methods, and
are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest.

- Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall
continue to be observed.

26